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# DAFTAR ISI

## MODUL 1 PERENCANAAN PROSES

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 LatarBelakang ................................................................... ..................... 1

1.2 Tujuan Praktikum .............................................................. ...................... 1
1.3 Pembatas Masalah ........................................................... ....................... 2
1.4 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................... ....................... 2

## 2.1 Definisi Perencanaan Proses............................................ ....................... 3

2.2 Definisi BOM .................................................................... ....................... 3
2.3 Definisi Precendence Diagram ......................................... ....................... 4
2.4 Definisi Assembly Chart .................................................... ....................... 4
2.5 Definisi OPC ..................................................................... ....................... 4

## 3.1 Pengumpulan Data ............................................................ ....................... 6

3.2 Pengolahan Data ............................................................... ....................... 7
3.2.1 BOM.................................................................................................. 8
3.2.2 OPC................................................................................................. 9
3.2.3 Precendence Diagram...... ........................................ ....................... 10
3.2.4 Assembly Chart ......... .............................................. ....................... 12

BAB IV ANALISIS

## 4.1 Analisis BOM ... ................................................................ ....................... 14

4.2 Analisis OPC........................................... .......................... ....................... 14
4.3 Analisis Presedence Diagram................................................................... 15
4.4 Analisis Assembly Chart........................................................................... 15

BAB V PENUTUP

## 5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................... ....................... 16

5.2 Saran................................................................................ ....................... 16
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DAFTAR PUSTAKA ....................................................................... ....................... 17

MODUL 2 ANTROPOMETRI

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................. .......................18

1.2 Pembatasan Masalah ....................................................... .......................18
1.3 Tujuan Praktikum .............................................................. .......................19
1.4 Pembatasan Masalah................................................................................19
1.5 Sistematika Penulisan...............................................................................19

## 2.1 Definisi Antropometri ........................................................ ...................... 20

2.2 Variabilitas Manusia ......................................................... ....................... 22
2.3 Uji Normalitas ................................................................... ....................... 23
2.4 Uji Keseragaman .............................................................. ....................... 24
2.5 Uji Kecukupan Data.................................................................................. 24
2.6 Persentile................................................................................................. 24

## 3.1 Pengumpulan Data ............................................................ ....................... 25

3.2 Pengolahan Data..................................................................................... 27
3.2.1 Uji Kenormalan.......................................................... ..................... 27
3.2.2 Uji Histogram.................................................................................. 30
3.2.3 Uji Keseragaman............................................................................. 33
3.2.4 Uji Kecukupan Data......................................................................... 36
3.2.5 Perhitungan Persentile.................................................................... 37

BAB IV ANALISIS
4.1 Analisis Uji Kenormalan Data .......................................... ....................... 38
4.2 Analisis Uji Keseragaman Data ........................................ ....................... 38
4.3 Analisis Uji Kecukupan Data ............................................. ....................... 39
4.4 Pehitungan Persentile ....................................................... ....................... 40

BAB V KESIMPULAN

## 5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................... ....................... 42

5.2 Saran........................................................................................................ 43

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA ....................................................................... ........................44

MODUL 3 BIOMEKANIKA

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................. ..................... 45

1.2 Tujuan Laporan Praktikum ................................................ ..................... 47
1.3 Pembatasan Masalah ....................................................... ..................... 47
1.4 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................... ..................... 47

## 2.1 Definisi Biomekanika ........................................................ .................... 48

2.2 Konsep Biomekanika ....................................................... .................... 48
2.3 Analisis Mekanik .............................................................. 48
2.4 Recommended Weight Limit (RWL)................................... 53
2.5 Lifting Index........................................................................ 54

## 3.1 Perhitungan Gaya Dan Moment Segmen Tubuh ............... .................... 55

3.2 Pengumpulan Data RWL dan LI ....................................... .................... 57
3.3 Pengolahan Data Gaya dan Moment Tubuh Saat Duduk...................... 60
3.4 Pengolahan Data Gaya dan Moment Tubuh Saat Berdiri....................... 61
3.5 Pengolahan RWL.................................................................................... 62

BAB IV ANALISIS

## 4.1 Analisis Data Momen dan Gaya....................................... . ....................... 64

4.2 Analisis Perhitungan RWL dan LI ..................................... ...................... 64

BAB V KESIMPULAN

## 5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................... ........................65

5.2 Saran................................................................................ ........................65

DAFTAR PUSTAKA.................................................................................................66

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MODUL 4 RULA dan REBA

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang................................................................... ....................... 67

1.2 Rumusan Masalah.....................................................................................67
1.3 Tujuan Laporan Praktikum.........................................................................67
1.4 Pembatas Masalah................................................................................... 68
1.5 Sistematika Penulisan...............................................................................68

## 2.1 Definisi Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) ............... ....................... 69

2.2 REBA (Rapid Entire Body Assessment) ........................... ....................... 71

## 3.1 Perhitungan RULA Score...........................................................................73

3.2 Perhitungan REBA Score...........................................................................80

BAB IV ANALISIS

## 4.1 Analisa Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA)........................................87

4.2 Analisa Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA)...................................................89
4.3 Analisa Perbaikan.................................................................................................90

BAB V KESIMPULAN

## 5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................... .................... 91

5.2 Saran...................................................................................................... 91

## MODUL 5 FISIOLOGI & PSIKOLOGI KERJA

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................. ..................... 98

1.2 Tujuan Praktikum .............................................................. ..................... 98
1.3 Pembatas Masalah ........................................................... ..................... 98
1.4 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................... ...................... 98

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BAB II STUDI PUSTAKA

## 2.1 Definisi fisiologi dan Kerja ................................................ …………….. 100

2.2 Beban Kerja Fisiologis……………………………………………………… 100
2.3 Beban Kerja Psikologis ....................................................... ……………. 103

## 3.1 Perhitungan Beban Kerja Fisiologi Operator ........................................... 106

3.2 Perhitungan Beban Kerja Psikologi Operator .................... ....................... 109

BAB IV ANALISIS

## 4.1 Analisis beban kerja fisiologi ............................................. .................... 113

4.2 Analisis Oksigen Expenditure ........................................... .................... 114
4.3 Analisis Beban Kerja Psikologi Operator............................................... 114

BAB V KESIMPULAN

## 5.1 Kesimpulan ...................................................................... ..................... 115

5.2 Saran................................................................................ ..................... 115

## MODUL 6 LINGKUNGAN KERJA FISIK

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................. ...................... 117

1.2 Tujuan Praktikum .............................................................. ....................... 117
1.3 Pembatas Masalah ........................................................... ....................... 117
1.4 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................... ....................... 118

## 2.1 Definisi lingkungan kerja fisik.................................................................... 119

2.2 Definisi human error.................................................................................. 119
2.3 Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Lingkungan Kerja Fisik ........ ....................... 120

## 3.1 Pengumpulan data ............................................................ ....................... 123

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3.2 Pengolahan data ............................................................... ....................... 124

BAB IV ANALISIS

## 4.1 Analisis uji Korelasi ........................................................... ....................... 129

4.2 Analisis uji Anova .............................................................. ....................... 130

BAB V KESIMPULAN

## 5.1 Kesimpulan Uji Korelasi ................................................... ..................... 132

5.2 Kesimpulan Uji Anova.............................................................,.............. 132
5.3 Saran...................................................................................................... 133

## MODUL 7 PETA-PETA KERJA

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

## 1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................. ...................... 135

1.2 Tujuan Praktikum .............................................................. ....................... 135
1.3 Pembatas Masalah ........................................................... ....................... 135
1.4 Sistematika Penulisan ....................................................... ....................... 135

## 2.1 Definisi Peta Kerja ............................................................ ....................... 137

2.2 Peta Kerja Keseluruhan .................................................... ...................... 137
2.3 Peta Proses Operasi (OPC).............................................. ...................... 137
2.4 Peta Aliran Proses ............................................................ ....................... 138
2.5 Peta Proses Regu Kerja (GPC)................................................................ 138
2.6 Diagram Aliran.......................................................................................... 139
2.7 Peta Kerja Setempat................................................................................. 139
2.8 Peta Tangan Kiri Dan Kanan.................................................................... 139

## BAB III PENGUMPULAN DAN PENGOLAHAN DATA

3.1 Perhitungan Waktu Siklus, Waktu Normal, dan Waktu Baku.................... 140
3.2 Peta Aliran Proses.......... .................................................. ....................... 146
3.3 Peta Tangan Kiri dan Tangan Kanan ............................... ....................... 147
3.4 Diagram Aliran Proses ...................................................... ...................... 157

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BAB IV ANALISIS

4.1 Analisis Waktu Siklus, Waktu Normal, dan Waktu Baku ... ....................... 158
4.1.1 Stasiun Kerja Pengukuran ....................................... ....................... 158
4.1.2 Stasiun Kerja Pemotongan ...................................... ....................... 158
4.1.3 Stasiun Kerja Pewarnaan ........................................ ....................... 158
4.1.4 Stasiun Kerja Pengeringan ..................................... ....................... 158
4.1.5 Stasiun Kerja Asemmbly .......................................... ....................... 159
4.2 Analisis Peta Aliran Proses ............................................... ....................... 159
4.3 Analisis Peta Tangan Kanan dan Kiri ............................... ....................... 159
4.4 Analisis Diagram Aliran ............................................................................ 160

BAB V KESIMPULAN

5.1 Kesimpulan Waktu Siklus, Waktu Normal dan Waktu Baku................... 161
5.2 Peta Aliran Proses................................................................................... 161
5.3 Peta Tangan Kiri dan Tangan Kanan...................................................... 161
5.4 Saran...................................................................................................... 161

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DAFTAR TABEL

## MODUL 1 PERENCANAAN PROSES

Tabel 3.1 Part Dan Jumlah part Kapal Laut ............................ ..................... 7

MODUL 2 ANTROPOMETRI

## Tabel 3.1 Rekapitulasi Persentil Data............................................................. 37

Tabel 4.1 Pengujian Kenormalan Data ................................... ...................... 38
Tabel 4.2 Uji Keseragaman Subgroup............................................................ 38
Tabel 4.3 Uji Keseragaman Individuals........................................................... 39
Tabel 4.4 Hasil Perhitungan Persentile........................................................... 40

MODUL 3 BIOMEKANIKA

## Tabel 3.1 Perhitungan Gaya Moment Saat Duduk .................. ...................... 55

Tabel 3.2 Perhitungan Gaya Moment Saat Berdiri .................. ....................... 56
Tabel 3.3 Komponen Perhitungan RWL dan Lifting Index ...... ...................... 57

## Tabel 3.1 Skor A Rula......................................................................................76

Tabel 3.2 Skor B Rula ............................................................. ....................... 77
Tabel 3.3 Skor C Rula ............................................................. .......................78
Tabel 3.4 Skor A Reba.....................................................................................82
Tabel 3.5 Skor B Reba.................................................. .......... .......................84
Tabel 3.6 Skor C Reba....................................................................................85

## Tabel 2.1 Tabel Perhitungan CVL................................................................... 102

Tabel 2.2 Klasifikasi Beban Kerja Dan Reaksi Fisiologis ........ ....................... 103
Tabel 2.3 Indikator Dan Beban Mental .................................... ...................... 104
Tabel 3.1 Pengumpulan Data Dan Denyut Nadi............................................. 106
Tabel 3.2 Perhitungan Denyut Nadi................................................................ 107
Tabel 3.3 Hasil Perhtiungan Energi Dimas..................................................... 107
Tabel 3.4 Hasil Perhtiungan Energi Ruby..................................................... 107
Tabel 3.5 Pengumpulan Data Tiup Oksigen....................................................108
Tabel 3.6 Oksigen Expediture......................................................................... 109
Tabel 3.7 Pemberian Ratting Dimas................................................................109
Tabel 3.8 Pemberian Ratting Ruby............................................................... 110
Tabel 3.9 Perbandingan Berpasangan Dimas.............................................. 110
Tabel 3.10 Perbandingan Berpasangan Ruby ............................................ 111
Tabel 3.11 Skor Beban Dimas.........................................................................112
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Tabel 3.12 Skor Beban Ruby......................................................................... 112
Tabel 4.1 Rekapitulasi Hasil Fisiologi Kerja Dimas....................................... 113
Tabel 4.2 Rekapitulasi Hasil Fisiologi Kerja Ruby.......................................... 113
Tabel 4.3 Oksigen Expenditure Saat Aktifitas................................................ 114
Tabel 4.4 Oksigen Expenditure....................................................................... 114
Tabel 4.5 Rekapitulasi Psikologi Kerja Operator 1 dan 2................................ 114

## Tabel 2.1 Tingkat Pencahayaan................................................................... 120

Tabel 2.2 Temperature ............................................................ ....................... 121
Tabel 2.3 Nilai Ambang Batas ................................................. ...................... 122
Tabel 3.1 Hasil Data Praktikum Pada Ruangan Bising dan AC ..................... 123
Tabel 3.2 Hasil Pengamatan Error Tiap Percobaan........................................ 123
Tabel 3.3 Jumlah Error Korelasi Partial Terhadap Pencahayaan................... 124
Tabel 3.4 Jumlah Error Korelasi Partial Terhadap Kebisingan ...................... 124
Tabel 3.5 Korelasi Cahaya lux terhadap DB................................................... 126
Tabel 3.6 Korelasi DB Terhadap Cahaya lux.................................................. 126
Tabel 3.7 Jumlah Error Anova......................................................................... 127
Tabel 3.8 Hasil Error Anova............................................................................ 128
Tabel 4.1 Cahaya Lux Terhadap DB............................................................... 129
Tabel 4.2 DB Terhadap Lux............................................................................ 130
Tabel 4.3 Anova.............................................................................................. 130

## Tabel 3.1 Waktu Siklus Pengukuran............................................................... 140

Tabel 3.2 Waktu Siklus Pemotongan.............................................................. 141
Tabel 3.3 Waktu Siklus Pengecatan............................................................... 142
Tabel 3.4 Waktu Siklus Pengeringan.............................................................. 143
Tabel 3.5 Waktu Siklus Perakitan.................................................................. 144
Tabel 3.6 Peta Tangan Kiri dan Tangan Kanan.............................................. 147
Tabel 4.1 Peta Aliran Proses......................................................................... 159

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

## Gambar 3.1 Komponen puzzel kapal laut ............................... ..................... 6

Gambar 3.2 Komponen puzzel kapal laut Rakit............................................ 6

MODUL 2 ANTROPOMETRI

## Gambar 3.1 Pengumpulan Data Ukuran Dimensi Mahasiswa ...................... 26

Gambar 3.2 Langkah Normalitas ............................................ ....................... 27
Gambar 3.3 Tampilan Normality Test ..................................... ...................... 27
Gambar 3.4 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test Usia................................ 27
Gambar 3.5 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test TPB................................ 28
Gambar 3.6 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test TSP................................ 28
Gambar 3.7 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test LTT................................ 29
Gambar 3.8 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test LB................................... 29
Gambar 3.9 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test PLB................................. 30
Gambar 3.10 Tampilan Hasil Output Normality Test LP....................................... 30
Gambar 3.11 Tampilan Histogram.................................................................. 30
Gambar 3.12 Windows Histogram With Fit......................................................31
Gambar 3.13 Hasil Ouput Uji Histogram Usia.................................................31
Gambar 3.14 Hasil Ouput Uji Histogram TPB..................................................31
Gambar 3.15 Hasil Ouput Uji Histogram TSB..................................................32
Gambar 3.16 Hasil Ouput Uji Histogram LTT..................................................32
Gambar 3.17 Hasil Ouput Uji Histogram LB....................................................32
Gambar 3.18 Hasil Output Uji Histogram PLB................................................33
Gambar 3.19 Hasil Output Uji Histogram LP...................................................33
Gambar 3.20 Variables Charts For Individuals................................................33
Gambar 3.21 Individuals Chart Variables Charts For Individuals....................34

MODUL 3 BIOMEKANIKA

## Gambar 2.1 Klasifikasi dan Kodifikasi Pada Vertebrae ........... ...................... 49

Gambar 2.2 Sistem Pengungkit .............................................. ....................... 50
Gambar 2.3 Persentase Persegmen Tubuh ............................ ...................... 51
Gambar 2.4 Pengaruh Moment Dan Gaya..................................................... 52
Gambar 2.5 RWL............................................................................................ 53
Gambar 3.1 Prakitan Saat Duduk .................................................................. 55
Gambar 3.2 Perakitan Saat Berdiri..................................................................56

## Gambar 3.1 Aktivitas Pengambilan Benda Kerja .................... ....................... 73

Gambar 3.2 Locate Upper Arm Position..........................................................74
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Gambar 3.3 Locate Lower Arm Position.........................................................74
Gambar 3.4 Locate Wrist Position..................................................................75
Gambar 3.5 Wrist Twist..................................................................................75
Gambar 3.6 Locate Neck Position..................................................................76
Gambar 3.7 Locate Trunk Position.................................................................77
Gambar 3.8 Aktivitas Assembly Benda Kerja.................................................78
Gambar 3.9 Legs............................................................................................82

MODUL 5

## Gambar 3.1 Analyze Korelasi Partial.............................................................. 125

Gambar 3.2 Kotak Diaglog Korelasi Partial................................................. 125
Gambar 3.3 Cara Analyze One Way Anova................................................... 127
Gambar 3.4 Kotak Dialog One Way Anova..................................................... 128

## Gambar 2.1 Contoh Peta Proses Operasi..................................................... 137

Gambar 2.2 Contoh Peta Aliran Proses......................................................... 138
Gambar 2.3 Contoh Peta Kerja Tangan Kiri dan Kanan................................. 139
Gambar 3.1 Peta Aliran Proses....................................................................... 146
Gambar 3.2 Diagram Aliran Sekarang............................................................ 157
Gambar 3.3 Diagram Aliran Usulan................................................................ 160

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