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BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR

Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency


Jl. Gajah Mada No. 8, Jakarta 10120, PO. Box 4005 JKT 10040
Homepaga: www.bapeten.go.id

KEPUTUSAN KEPALA BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR


NOMOR : 030538.019.33.100316
TENTANG
PERUBAHAN SURAT IZIN PEMANFAATAN TENAGA NUKLIR
NOMOR 030538.2.151.00000.151015
UNTUK PENGGUNAAN DALAM RADIOGRAFI INDUSTRI FASILITAS TERBUKA

Berdasarkan ketentuan UU No. 10 Tahun 1997 Pasal 17 ayat 1 (LN Tahun 1997 No. 23, TLN No.
3676), PP No. 29 Tahun 2008 (LN Tahun 2008 No. 54, Tambahan LN No. 4839) dan PP No. 56 Tahun
2014 (LN Tahun 2014 No. 157, Tambahan LN No. 4839) serta Permohonan dengan No. Registrasi
102507.16 tertanggal 15 Februari 2016. Dengan ini diberikan kepada:

Nama Instansi : PT. Northeast Star NDT


Alamat Instansi : Jl. Gunung Sahari Raya No. 1 Komp. Rukan Mangga Dua Square
Blok F No. 48 Jakarta Utara 14430 DKI Jakarta Telp. (021)
62313078 Fax. (021) 62313079
Jenis Kegiatan : Penggunaan dalam Radiografi Industri Fasilitas Terbuka
(Gamma)
Rincian Data Teknis :
( sesuai dengan lembar tambahan yang tidak terpisahkan dari keputusan ini )

Dengan diterbitkannya keputusan ini maka nomor izin 030538.2.151.00000.151015 dinyatakan


tidak berlaku.

Keputusan ini berlaku sejak ditetapkan sampai dengan tanggal 14 Oktober 2016

Ditetapkan di : Jakarta
Pada tanggal : 10 Maret 2016

a.n. Kepala
Direktur Perizinan Fasilitas Radiasi dan Zat
Radioaktif

ttd

Ir. Zainal Arifin, M.T.


NIP. 196609301993121001

Dokumen Versi Cetak Elektronik, dicetak tanggal 23-03-2016


BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR
Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency
Jl. Gajah Mada No. 8, Jakarta 10120, PO. Box 4005 JKT 10040
Homepaga: www.bapeten.go.id

LEMBAR TAMBAHAN

KEPUTUSAN KEPALA BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR


NOMOR : 030538.019.33.100316
TENTANG
PERUBAHAN SURAT IZIN PEMANFAATAN TENAGA NUKLIR
NOMOR 030538.2.151.00000.151015
UNTUK PENGGUNAAN DALAM RADIOGRAFI INDUSTRI FASILITAS TERBUKA

Data Teknis

Daftar Sumber Radiasi Pengion


No Radionuklida Tipe No Seri Aktivitas / Tgl
1 Ir-192 IR1HB HBA343 (PL1214) 90.0 Ci / 10-10-2015

Spesifikasi Kamera
No Merk Kamera Tipe No Seri
1 Sentinel 880 Delta D13066

Spesifikasi Alat Ukur Radiasi


No Nama Elektrometer Tipe No Seri M.B Kalibrasi
1 NDS Products ND 2000 A 92087 10-06-2016

Lokasi Pemanfaatan
No Alamat Lokasi
1 Desa Punagaya Kecamatan Bangkala Jeneponto , Kabupaten Jeneponto, Sulawesi Selatan
92352, Telp.081212457616
2 Dusun II, Desa Gunung Raja, Rambang Dangku Muara Enim, Kabupaten Muara Enim, Sumatera
Selatan 31172, Telp.081532905980

Dokumen Versi Cetak Elektronik, dicetak tanggal 23-03-2016


BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR
Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency
Jl. Gajah Mada No. 8, Jakarta 10120, PO. Box 4005 JKT 10040
Homepaga: www.bapeten.go.id

LEMBAR TAMBAHAN

KEPUTUSAN KEPALA BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR


NOMOR : 030538.019.33.100316
TENTANG
PERUBAHAN SURAT IZIN PEMANFAATAN TENAGA NUKLIR
NOMOR 030538.2.151.00000.151015
UNTUK PENGGUNAAN DALAM RADIOGRAFI INDUSTRI FASILITAS TERBUKA

Data Personil

Petugas Tertentu ber SIB


No NPR Nama Jenis Nomor SIB Berlaku s/d
1 027581 Muhammad Fikri Saputra Ahli Radiografi 01341.415.00.010611 10-05-2016
2 043252 Muhamat Isnandar Operator Radiografi 04575.425.00.080212 22-12-2016
3 050064 Nurhafifah PPR Industri Tk. 1 06376.113.00.220213 13-02-2016

Ketentuan :
Pekerja Radiasi yang diperbolehkan mengoperasikan sumber radiasi pengion adalah yang
tercantum dalam Izin dan memiliki kualifikasi sesuai dengan Peraturan Perundangan yang Berlaku.

Dokumen Versi Cetak Elektronik, dicetak tanggal 23-03-2016


BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR
Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency
Jl. Gajah Mada No. 8 Jakarta 10120, PO . BOX 4005 JKT 10040
Homepage : www.bapeten.go.id

KEPUTUSAN KEPALA BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR


NOMOR 1600701.065.11.080316
TENTANG
PERSETUJUAN PELAKSANAAN PENGANGKUTAN ZAT RADIOAKTIF UNTUK KEPERLUAN SELAIN
MEDIK

Berdasarkan ketentuan UU No. 10 Tahun 1997 Pasal 17 ayat 1 (LN Tahun 1997 No. 23, TLN No. 3676), PP
No. 29 Tahun 2008 (LN Tahun 2008 No. 54, Tambahan LN No. 4839) dan PP No. 56 Tahun 2014 (LN Tahun
2014 No. 157, Tambahan LN No. 4839) serta Permohonan dengan No. Registrasi 200153.16 . Dengan ini
diberikan kepada:

1. Nama Instansi : PT. Northeast Star NDT


2. Alamat Instansi : Jl. Gunung Sahari Raya No. 1 Komp. Rukan Mangga Dua
Square Blok F No. 48 Jakarta Utara, DKI Jakarta 14430,
Telp.(021) 62313078, Fax.(021) 62313079
3. NPWP Instansi : 70.229.202.0-044.000
4. Rincian data teknis -- sesuai dengan lembar tambahan yang tidak terpisahkan
dari keputusan ini --
Keputusan ini berlaku sejak ditetapkan sampai dengan tanggal 07 Juni 2016

Ditetapkan di Jakarta
Pada Tanggal 08 Maret 2016

a.n. Kepala
Direktur Perizinan Fasilitas Radiasi dan Zat
Radioaktif

ttd.

Ir. Zainal Arifin, M.T.


NIP. 196609301993121001
BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR
Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency
Jl. Gajah Mada No. 8 Jakarta 10120, PO . BOX 4005 JKT 10040
Homepage : www.bapeten.go.id

LEMBAR TAMBAHAN
KEPUTUSAN KEPALA BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR
NOMOR 1600701.065.11.080316
TENTANG
PERSETUJUAN PELAKSANAAN PENGANGKUTAN ZAT RADIOAKTIF UNTUK KEPERLUAN SELAIN
MEDIK

1. Data Teknis Zat Radioaktif


No. Radionuklida Tipe/No Seri Aktivitas/Tanggal Sifat Bentuk No. Ktun
a Ir-192 IR1HB / HBA343 24.4 Ci / 26-02-2016 Padat 030538.2.151.00000.151015
(PL1214)

2. Klasifikasi Zat Radioaktif


No. Nomor Sertifikat Special Form Masa Berlaku Sertifikat
a PL/0018/S-05 18-10-2017

3. Data Pembungkus
No. Model Pembungkus No. Seri Pembungkus No. Sertifikat Pembungkus
a Sentinel 880 Delta D13066 USA/9296/B(U)-96, Revision 8

4. Data Bungkusan
No. Tipe Bungkusan Kategori Bungkusan Index Angkut UN Number No. Sumber
a B II-Kuning 0.5 2916 1

5. Data Lokasi Pengiriman


a. Dusun II, Desa Gunung Raya Rambang Dangku Muara Enim Sumatera Selatan- Indonesia 31172,
Muara Enim, Sumatera Selatan
b. Desa Punagaya Kecamatan Bangkala Jeneponto Sulawesi Selatan, Jeneponto, Sulawesi Selatan

6. Data Pelaksana Pengangkutan


a. Moda Kendaraan Pengangkut : Angkutan Darat - Angkutan Udara
b. Jenis Kendaraan Pengangkut : Mobil dan Pesawat
c. Nama Kontak Person : Nurhafifah
d. No. Telepon Aktif 24 Jam : 082169791326
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PROCEDURE - ASME PAGE : 2 of 51

SUMMARY OF REVISION SHEET

This page is a record of all revisions of the procedure and the following revision (s) has (have) been made to
this procedure.

BRIEF OF REVISION
REV. DATE PAGE

00 15 October, 2015 All First Issue


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RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION DATE : 15 October, 2015


PROCEDURE - ASME PAGE : 3 of 51

Daftar Isi / Table of Content

Par. Uraian Par. Description Page


1 Tujuan 1 Purpose 4
2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope 4
3 Persyaratan Keselamatan kerja 3 Safety Requirement 4
4 Referensi-referensi 4 References 4
5 Definisi-definisi 5 Definitions 5
6 Qualifikasi Personel dan Tanggung 6 Personnel Qualification and 5
Jawab Responsibility
7 Perlengkapan dan material 7 Equipments and materials 5
8 Procedure 8 Procedure 6
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation 6
8.2 Teknik Radiografi 8.2 Radiographic Technique 6
8.3 Sistem identifikasi 8.3 Identification Systems 7
8.4 Persyaratan dan lokasi penandaan. 8.4 Requirement and location 8
markers
8.5 Pemilihan dan persyaratan IQI 8.5 IQI Selection 9
8.6 Tehnik Exposure 8.6 Exposure Technique 11
8.7 Evaluasi Film 8.7 Film Evaluation 12
8.7.1 Fasilitas untuk Review Film Radiography 8.7.1 Facility for Viewing Radiographs 12
8.7.2 National Standard Step Tablet 8.7.2 A National Standard Step Tablet 13
8.7.3 Densitometer. 8.7.3 Densitometers. 13
8.7.4 Persyaratan Qualitas Film 8.7.4 Film quality requirements 14
8.7.5 Density 8.7.5 Density 14
8.7.6 IQI Sensitivity 8.7.6 IQI Sensitivity 15
8.8 Standar Penerimaan 8.8 Acceptance Standards 16
8.9 Dokumentasi 8.9. Documentation 21
Radiographic Examination Report Radiographic Examination Report 22
Table Reinforcement Reinforcement Table 23-24
Exhibit A - 1 , Table T-276 Exhibit A - 1 , Table T-276 25
Exhibit A - 2 , Table T-233.1 Exhibit A - 2 , Table T-233.1 25
Exhibit A – 3, Table T-233.2 Exhibit A – 3, Table T-233.2 26
Exhibit A – 4, Hole IQI Exhibit A – 4, Hole IQI 26
Exhibit B , Fig. A-210, Exposure Exhibit B , Fig. A-210, Exposure 27~28
Techniques Techniques
Exhibit C , Fig. T-275 Location Marker Exhibit C , Fig. T-275 Location 29
Sketches Marker Sketches
Persyaratan Porosity Porosity requirements 30 - 51
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1 Tujuan 1 Purpose
1.1 Untuk menyediakan petunjuk 1.1 This procedure provides guidance during
pelaksanaan pengujian radiografi pada the conduct of radiographic examination
lasan material ferrous (carbon steel, low of welds of ferrous material (carbon
alloy steel and stainless steel material) steel, low alloy steel and stainless steel
termasuk kupon test welder, material) include welder test coupons,
menggunakan Iridium (Ir 192) atau X-ray using Iridium (Ir 192) or X-ray in
, sesuai dengan ASME Code Sect. I, V, accordance with ASME Code Sect. I, V,
VIII Div. 1, VIII Div. 2, Section IX, VIII Div. 1, VIII Div. 2, Section IX,
ASME B31.1. ASME B31.1.
1.2 Procedure ini terdiri dari versi Enggris 1.2 This procedure consists of English and
dan Indonesia, jika ada konflik antara Indonesian versions, should there is
keduanya maka versi Enggris yang conflict between these versions the
dipakai. English version shall govern.

2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope


2.1 Prosedur ini menyajikan syarat–syarat 2.1 This procedure provides the requirements
dan standar penerimaan untuk pengujian and acceptance standards for
dengan radiografi pada lasan. Radiographic examination for welds.
2.2 Sambungan pengelasan dari pipa , tube 2.2 Weld joints may be from pipes, tubes or
atau plat dengan tebal 4 sampai 75 mm. plates with thickness 4 up to 75 mm.

3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirements


3.1 Safety regulasi dari PT. NORTHEAST 3.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s safety
STAR NDT harus diikuti selama regulation shall be followed during
pengujian. examination.
3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION ) 3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION )
 Selalu menggunakan PPE such as Safety  Always use PPE such as Safety shoes,
shoes, hand glove, safety glass, and helmet. hand glove, safety glass, and helmet.
 Waspada tempat yang licin dan benda jatuh  Watch out for slippery and falling object.
 Waspada benda berbahaya sekitar tempat  Watch out for the hazard around the areas.
kerja
 Berhenti kerja dan lapor ke client an  Stop the activities and report to client and
supervisor untuk tempat kerja yang tidak supervisor for unsafe working condition.
aman
 Pasang barricade atau tali pengaman pada  Put barricade or safety line in the safe
jarak aman jika radiography distance during the radiographic
 Pakai alat pengaman ketinggian jika kerja  Use fall protection equipment if working
diatas 2 m above 2 m.
 Pungut sampah dan buang ditempat yang  Collect all waste and put it in agreed
tersedia place.
 Jangan membuang pelumas, oli atau cairan  Do not expose any lubricant, oil or test
bekas test ke lantai fluid to the ground.

4 Referensi-referensi 4 References
4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written 4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Procedure Practice Procedure
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4.2 ASME Code Sect I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII 4.2 ASME Code Sect I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII
Div. 2, IX, 2015 Edition dan B 31.1, Div. 2, IX , 2015 Edition and B 31.1,
2012 Edition. 2012 Edition.

5 Definisi-definisi 5 Definitions
5.1 RT: Pengujian Radiografi. 5.1 RT: Radiographic Examination.
5.2 NDE: Pengujian tanpa merusak. 5.2 NDE: Non Destructive Examination.
5.3 IQI: Indikator qualitas gambar 5.3 IQI: Image Quality Indicator.
radiografi.
5.4 Densitometer: sebuah alat untuk 5.4 Densitometer: a device for measuring the
mengukur density film radiografi. optical density of radiograph film.
5.5 Indication: respon atau tanda bukti dari 5.5 Indication: the respond or evidence from
sebuah pengujian tanpa merusak yang a nondestructive examination that
memerlukan interpretasi untuk relevansi. requires interpretation to determine
relevance.

6 Qualifikasi Personel dan Tanggung 6 Personnel Qualification and


Jawab Responsibility
6.1 Personel yang melakukan pengujian 6.1 Personnel performing examinations to the
untuk persyaratan procedure ini harus di requirements of this specification shall be
qualifikasi sesuai dengan prosedure dari qualified in accordance with PT.
PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Practice
6.2 Personel yang menentukan keberterimaan 6.2 Personnel determining the acceptability
sesuai syarat–syarat dari prosedur ini to the requirements of this procedure
harus mempunyai qualifikasi Level II shall be qualified to Level II or Level III.
atau Level III.

7 Perlengkapan dan material 7 Equipments and materials


7.1 Sumber radiasi harus dari Iridium (Ir. 7.1 Radiation source shall be from Iridium
192) dan X-Ray max. 750 kV. Energy (Ir. 192) and X-Ray maximum 750 kV.
radiasi yang dipakai radiografi harus bisa The radiation energy employed for
menghasilkan density dan gambar IQI radiographic technique shall achieve the
yang dipersyaratkan. density and IQI image requirements.
7.2 Ukuran source atau focal spot harus 7.2 The source size or focal spot shall be
diidentifikasikan dengan pernyataan identified by written statements, when the
tertulis atau jika pernyataan tertulis tidak written statements are not available the
ada ukuran source bisa ditentukan sesuai source size may be determined in
dengan SE–1114 dari ASME V. accordance with SE–1114 of ASME V.
7.3 IQI harus dipilih dari salah satu grup 7.3 IQI shall be selected from either the same
material alloy yang sama atau seperti alloy material group or grade as
grade yang diidentifikasikan di SE–1025 identified in SE–1025 (Hole Type IQI) or
(Hole Type IQI) or SE–747 (Wire Type SE–747 (Wire Type IQI).
IQI).
7.4 Film Radiografi harus memakai class ( 7.4 Radiographic film shall be class (type) II
type) II atau butir yang lebih baik. Film or finer grain. Class II film definition, is
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dengan definisi Class II, berbutir halus, fine grain, high contrast, i.e., Kodak AA,
kontras tinggi, Contoh: Kodak AA, Agfa Agfa D7 or equivalent.
D7 atau yang setara.
7.5 Densitometer yang terkalibrasi harus 7.5 Calibrated Densitometer shall be used
digunakan sewaktu mengevaluasi film during RT film evaluation.
RT.
7.6 National standard step tablet yang di 7.6 A national standard step tablet used for
gunakan untuk kalibrasi densitometer calibrating the densitometer shall be
harus di verifikasi setiap tahun , mampu verified annually, traceable to the
telusur ke national standard dan national standards and having at least 5
minimum mempunyai 5 step. steps.

8 Procedure 8 Procedure
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation
8.1.1 Ketidak teraturan kontur atau permukaan 8.1.1 Weld ripples or weld surface
dari lasan baik didalam ataupun diluar irregularities on both the inside (where
(bila dapat dijangkau) harus dihilangkan accessible) and outside shall be removed
sampai batas tertentu sehingga tidak to such a degree that the resulting
mempengaruhi image radiografi radiographic image due to surface
dikarenakan ketidakteraturan permukaan irregularities cannot mask or be confused
tidak dapat menutupi atau with the image of any discontinuities on
membingungkan gambar dari the resulting radiograph.
discontinuities pada hasil film
radiography.
8.1.2 Permukaan akhir dari butt join lasan 8.1.2 The finished surface of all butt welded
boleh di ratakan dengan base material joints may be flush with the base material
atau boleh memiliki mahkota las yang or may have reasonably uniform crowns,
seragam, dengan reinforcement, asalkan with reinforcement, not to exceed that
tidak melebihi persyaratan dari code yang specified in the referencing code.
digunakan.

8.2 Tehnik Radiografi 8.2 Radiographic Technique


8.2.1 Di ijinkan penggunaan untuk teknik 8.2.1 In order to permit the use of radiographic
radiografi , dimana Unsharpness techniques, Geometrirc Unsharpness ( Ug
Geometric (Ug) tidak melebihi berikut ini ) shall not exceed the following :
:
Thickness UG Max. inch (mm) Thickness UG Max. inch (mm)
Under 2 ( 50 ) 0.02 (0.51) Under 2 ( 50 ) 0.02 (0.51)
2 - 3 ( 50 – 75 ) 0.03 (0.76) 2 - 3 ( 50 – 75 ) 0.03 (0.76)
More 3 – 4 0.04 (1.02) More 3 – 4 0.04 (1.02)
( 75 - 100 ) ( 75 - 100 )
More than 4 ( 100 ) 0.07 (1.78) More than 4 ( 100 ) 0.07 (1.78)

Geometric Unsharpness (Ug) dari Geometric Unsharpness ( Ug ) of


radiograph harus ditentukan sebagai radiograph shall be determined in
berikut: accordance with:
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Ug = F.d / D Ug = F.d / D
dimana : where :
 Ug= Geometric Unsharpness  Ug= Geometric Unsharpness
 F= ukuran source  F= source size
 D= jarak dari source ke weld atau object  D= distance from source of radiation
yang diradiography to weld or object being radiographed
 d= jarak dari source side dari weld atau  d= distance source side of the weld or
object yang diradiography ke film object being radiographed to film
 D and d harus ditentukan kira- kira  D and d shall be determined at
senter pada area of interest. approximately center of area of
interest
Note : Untuk ASME I, jika kombinasi Note : For ASME I, when any
parameter radiography menghasilkan combination of radiograpic parameters
geomatric unsharpness exceeding, UG produces a geomatric unsharpness
melebihi 0.07 in. ( 1.8 mm ) maka UT exceeding, UG 0.07 in. ( 1.8 mm ) then
digunakan. UT shall be used
8.2.2 Arah energy yang digunakan untuk setiap 8.2.2 The direction energy employed for any
teknik radiografi harus menghasdilkan radiographic technique shall be achieved
density dan gambar IQI yang disyaratkan. the density and IQI image requirements.
8.2.3 Arah central beam dari radiasi sebisa 8.2.3 The direction of central beam of radiation
mungkin pada center pada area yang should be centered on the area of interest
diamati. whenever practical.
8.2.4 Screen penguat adalah lead, depan dan 8.2.4 Intensifying screens consisting of lead,
belakang, 0.005” sampai 0.010”, harus both front and back, 0.005” up to 0.010”,
digunakan untuk semua exposure. Screen shall be used for all exposures. Screens
harus bersih dari semua kotoran, lapisan shall be free of dirt, oxide coatings,
oksida, lipatan, pitting dan cacat lain. wrinkles, pitting and other defects.
Screen harus kontak langsung dengan Screens shall be direct contact to the
film. Fluorescent screen tidak boleh film.
digunakan. Fluorescent screen is not permitted.
8.2.5 Setiap kaset harus ada sebuah symbol 8.2.5 Each cassette shall have a lead letter
“B”dari timah, minimum tinggi 1/2” (13 “B”, a minimum of 1/2” (13 mm) in
mm) dan tebal 1/16” (1.5 mm) harus height and 1/16” (1.5 mm) in thickness,
diletakan pada sisi luar bagian belakang on the outside back of the cassette. If a
setiap kaset. Jika gambar “B” tampak light image of the “B” appears on a
jelas muncul di latar belakang lebih gelap darker background of the radiograph, it
dari film radiografi, hal itu akan menjadi shall be the cause for rejection of that
penyebab di tolaknya hasil radiografi. radiograph. A dark image of the “B” on a
Gambar yang gelap dari “B” di latar lighter background is not cause for
belakang yang lebih terang bukan sebagai rejection.
alasan untuk penolakan.

8.3 Sistem identifikasi 8.3 Identification Systems


8.3.1 Setiap film radiografi harus secara 8.3.1 Each radiographic film shall be
permanen diidentifikasikan yang terlacak permanently identified traceable to the
dengan informasi: following informations:
- Symbol dari pabrik atau nama - Manufacturer’s symbol or name
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- No. Kontrak / Nama Project - Contract no./ Project Name


- Komponen dan Manufacture Serial no. - Component and Manufacture’s Serial
- Identifikasi las ( no. Joint , welder no., no.
untuk ASME IX ditambah material - Weld identification ( joint No, welder
spec., proses pengelasan dan posisi ) No., for ASME IX to add material
- Ketebalan / Diameter / Type material spec.,welding process and position )
- Tanggal. - Thickness / diameter / Material Type
- Semua lasan yang telah diperbaiki harus - Date.
- ditandai pada film dengan siklus - Any weld that has been repaired shall
perbaikan (R-1, R-2, dan lain-lain). be so marked on the radiograph with the
applicable repair cycle (R-1, R-2, etc.).
8.3.2 Ketika sumber radiasi berada pada sumbu 8.3.2 When the source is placed on the axis of
di pengelasan melingkar dan seluruh a circumferencial weld and the entire
pengelasan di radiografi dengan single weld is radiographed with a single
exposure ( panoramic ), paling sedikit exposure ( panoramic ), at least three
tiga fim dengan jarak masing-masing films spaced approximately 120 degrees
kurang lebih 120 derajat harus apart shall have completed identification
mempunyai identifikasi komplet seperti as stated above and the other films shall
yang disebut diatas dan film lainnya be permanently identified :
harus mempunyai identifikasi : Manufacturer’s symbol or name
Symbol dari pabrik atau nama - Contract no./ Project Name
- No. Kontrak / Nama Project - Component and Manufacture’s Serial
- Komponen dan Manufacture Serial no. no.
- Identifikasi las - Weld identification
8.3.3 Sistem identifikasi tidak harus semuanya 8.3.3 The identification system does not
tampak sebagai gambar radiographic. necessarily require that the information
Dalam keadaan apapun, informasi ini appear as radiographic image.
tidak boleh memngaburkan area yang In any case, this information shall not
diamati. obscure the area of interest

8.4 Persyaratan dan lokasi penandaan. 8.4 Requirement and location markers
8.4.1 Lokasi penandaan yang mana nampak 8.4.1 Location markers shall appear as
dalam image film dan harus ditempatkan radiographic images and shall be placed
di part (bukan dikasetnya). Lokasi–lokasi on the part ( not on the exposure
harus ditandai permanen pada permukaan holder/cassette ). The locations shall be
part yang radiografi jika diizinkan, atau permanently marked on the surface of the
pada map dengan suatu cara dimana area part being radiographed when permitted,
yang interes pada radiografi bisa di lacak or on the map, in manner permitting the
secra akurat dengan lokasi pada partnya, area of interest on the radiograph to be
untuk selama periode penyimpanan film accurately traceable to its location on the
radiography yang dipersyaratkan. Bukti- part for the required retention period of
bukti harus tersedia pada film radiograph. Evidence shall be provided
radiography tersebut sebagai persyaratan on the radiograph that the required
bahwa area pengujian telah terpenuhi. coverage of the region being examined
has been obtained.
8.4.2 Untuk single wall viewing (Exibit B atau 8.4.2 For single wall viewing ( Exhibit B or C
C). Lokasi penandaan harus sebagai ). Location markers shall be placed as
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berikut: follows :
8.4.2.1 Source Side Markers. Lokasi marker 8.4.2.1 Source Side Markers. Location markers
harus diletakkan pada sisi source, jika shall be placed on the source side when
radiography pada yang berikut : radiographing the following:
a Sambungan Flat atau Longitudinal pada a Flat or Longitudinal joints in cylindrical
komponen yang silinder atau conical, or conical components, (Exhibit C)(a).
(Exhibit C)(a).
b Sambungan kurva ataupun spherical b Curved or spherical components whose
dimana sisi konkaf kearah sumber dan concave side is toward the source and
ketika jarak dari sumber ke material lebih when the “source-to- material” distance is
kecil dari radius dalam dari komponen less than the inside radius of the
tersebut, (Exhibit C)(b). component, (Exhibit C)(b).
c Sambungan kurva dimana sisi konvexnya c Curved joints whose convex side is
kearah sumber radiasi, (Exhibit C)(c). toward the source, (Exhibit C)(c).
8.4.2.2 Film Side Markers. 8.4.2.2 Film Side Markers.
a Lokasi penandaan harus diletakan pada a Location markers shall be placed on film
sisi filmharus digunakan ketika side when radiographing either curved or
melaksanakan radiografi pada sambungan spherical components whose concave
kurva atau spherical dimana sisi kurvanya side is toward the source and when the
ke arah sumber dan ketika jarak sumber “source–to-material” distance is greater
ke material lebih besar daripada radius than the inside radius.
dalam dari komponen tersebut.
b Sebagai ganti penempatan source side b As an alternative to source side
pada para. 8.4.2.1(a), lokasi marker placement in 8.4.2.1(a), location markers
mungkin ditempatkan pada film side jika may be placed on the film side when the
radiografi menunjukkan lokasi marker radiograph shows coverage beyond the
melebihi demonstrasi yang pada Exhibit location markers to the extent
C (e) dan ketika di alternatif ini di demonstrated Exhibit C (e) and when this
dokumentasikan dalam laporan sebagai alternate documented in the report as
mana tercantum dalam para. 8.9. stated in para.8.9.
8.4.2.3 Saat lokasi penandaan boleh di letakan 8.4.2.3 Either source side or film side markers
pada source side atau film side (Exhibit (Exhibit C, sketches (e) or (f) may be
C, sket (e) atau (f) boleh digunakan baik used on either curved orspherical
pada komponen kurva ataupun spherical components whose concave side is
dimana sisi konkafnya menuju kearah toward the source and the “source-to-
sumber dan jarak dari sumber ke material material” distance equals the inside
tersebut sama dengan radius dalam radius of the component.
komponen.
8.4.3 Untuk double wall viewing (Exhibit B) 8.4.3 For double wall viewing (Exhibit B) at
sekurang-kurangnya satu lokasi least one location marker shall be placed
penandaan harus ditempatkan pada on the source side surface adjacent to
source side surface berdekatan dengan weld (or material in the area of interest)
lasan (atau material yang akan diuji) for each exposure.
untuk setiap pemaparan.

8.5 Pemilihan dan persyaratan IQI 8.5 Selection and requirement of IQI
Penentuan IQI, pemilihan dan IQI designation, selection and place
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penempatan , harus sebagai berikut : ment, shall be as follows:


8.5.1 Penentuan IQI harus jenis lubang atau 8.5.1 The IQI designation shall be either the
jenis kawas. hole type or the wire type
8.5.2 Hal penting ukuran lubang, diameter 8.5.2 The essential hole size, wire diameter and
kawat dan penentuan IQI harus sesuai designated IQI shall be as specified in
dengan Exhibit A. 1 (Table T-276; T- Exhibit A. 1 (Table T-276; T-283). A
283). Lebih tipis atau lebih tebal type thinner or thicker hole–type IQI may be
hole IQI bisa diganti dari sembarang substituted for any section thickness
ketebalan seperti di Exhibit A 1 (Table T- listed in Exhibit A (Table T-276; T 283)
276; T-283), asalkan sensitivitas dari IQI provided an equivalent IQI sensitivity is
bisa di pertahankan. maintained.
8.5.3 Lasan dengan reinforcement, tebal dari 8.5.3 For Welds with reinforcements, the
IQI adalah sesuai dengan tebal nominal thickness on which the IQI is based, is
dari single wallnya ditambah the nominal single wall thickness plus the
reinforcemen yang diijinkan oleh code reinforcement permitted by the
section. Backing rings atau strips tidak referencing Code section. Backing rings
diperhitungkan sebagai bagian tebal dari or strips shall not to be considered as part
part pada saat pemilihan IQI. of the thickness in IQI selection.
Pengukuran reinforcement actual The actual measurement of the weld
tidak diperlukan reinforcements is not required.
8.5.4 Lasan tanpa reinforcement, tebal dari 8.5.4 For Welds Without Reinforcements, the
IQI didasarkan tebal nominal dari single thickness on which the IQI is based is the
wall. Backing rings atau strips tidak nominal single wall thickness. Backing
diperhitungkan sebagai bagian tebal dari rings or strips are not to be considered as
part pada saat pemilihan IQI. part of the thickness in IQI selection.
8.5.5 Peletakan IQI 8.5.5 IQI Placement
8.5.5.1 IQI hole type harus ditempatkan di source 8.5.5.1 IQI hole type shall be placed on source
side berdekatan dengan lasan, kecuali jika side adjacent to the weld seam, except in
kondisi ini tidak bisa dilaksanakan karena instances where the geometric
kesulitan konfigurasi geometris, dalam configuration makes it impractical, in
kasus ini maka IQI bisa ditempatkan pada which case the IQI hole may be placed on
lasan, lihat Figure C-210 of ASME Sect. the weld metal, see Figure C-210 of
V ASME Sect. V
8.5.5.2 Wire type harus diletakan melintang pada 8.5.5.2 Wire type shall be placed across the weld
pengelasan. seam.
8.5.6 Ketika kesulitan dalam peletakan IQI ini 8.5.6 Where inaccessibility prevents hand
dengan tangan pada source side, IQI placing the IQI(s) on the source side, the
harus diletakan pada film side dan huruf IQI shall be placed on the film side and a
“F” dari timah, sekurang-kurangnya sama lead letter “F”, at least as high as the
tinggi dengan nomer identifikasi, harus identification number, shall be placed
ditempatkan berdekatan dengan IQI. adjacent to the IQI.
8.5.7 Jika konfigurasi las atau ukuran sehingga 8.5.7 When configuration or size, it is not
IQI tidak dapat diletakan di benda atau practical to place the IQI on the part, it
las-an, IQI boleh diletakan pada sebuah may be placed on a separate block
blok terpisah. Blok terpisah harus terbuat provided. Separate blocks shall be made
dari material yang sama dan mungkin of same or radiographicaly similar
memudahkan memposisikan IQI dan material and may be used to facilitate IQI
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harus diletakan sedekat mungkin dengan positioning and is placed as close as


benda yang akan di periksa pada jarak possible to the material being examined
dari film sama dengan source side wall. at a distance from the film equal to the
source side wall.
8.5.8 Kecuali disebutkan pada paragraf 8.5.8 Except as provided in sub-paragraph, one
selanjutnya, satu IQI harus digunakan IQI shall be used for each radiograph.
untuk setiap film radiografi. Setiap IQI Each IQI shall represent an area of
harus mewakili dari area density yang essentially uniform radiographic density.
merata pada film radiografi. Bila density If the density of the radiograph does
radiografi diarea yang diamati tidak not meet density requirements, then an
memenuhi persyaratan density, maka additional IQI shall be used for each
harus menggunakan IQI tambahan area exceptional area and the radiograph
tersebut dan harus di radiografi ulang. retaken.
8.5.9 Jika dua IQI di persyaratan di suatu kasus 8.5.9 If Two IQI’s are required in some cases
untuk memenuhi persyaratan density di to meet the density requirements of
Paragraf 8.7.6. Satu harus mewakili area Paragraf 8.7.6. One IQI shall
lebih terang dan yang lain mewakili area representative of the lighter area of the
yang lebih gelap dari film radiografi radiograph and the second shall represent
tersebut. Density dari area yang dilihat, the darker area. The density in the areas
dikontrol oleh setiap IQI dan harus of interest controlled by each IQI shall
memenuhi persyaratan density. Density meet the density requirements. The
yang saling mewakili di film dapat intervening densities on the radiograph
diterima. are acceptable.
8.5.10 Ketika sumber radiasi berada pada sumbu 8.5.10 When the source is placed on the axis of
di pengelasan melingkar dan seluruh a circumferencial weld and the entire
pengelasan di radiografi dengan single weld is radiographed with a single
exposure ( panoramic ), paling sedikit exposure ( panoramic ), at least three
tiga IQI harus diberi jarak masing-masing IQIs shall be spaced approximately 120
kurang lebih 120 derajat. degrees apart.
8.5.11 Shim dibawah lubang IQI 8.5.11 Shim under Hole IQI’s
a. Dimensi dari shim harus lebih dari a. The shim dimensions shall exceed the
dimensi IQI sehingga setidaknya tiga sisi IQI dimensions such that the outline of at
image dari IQI nampak pada film least three sides of the IQI image shall be
raiografi. visible in the radiograph.
b. Untuk Lasan, shim material harus sejenis b. For welds, the shim material
dengan material lasan dan harus radiographically shall be similar to the
ditempatkan diantara IQI dan benda uji. weld metal shall be placed between the
part and the IQI.

8.6 Teknik Exposure 8.6 Exposure Technique


8.6.1 Single wall penyinaran teknik harus 8.6.1 A single wall exposure technique shall be
dipakai jika memungkinkan (Exhibit B). used whenever practicable (Exhibit B).
Jika tidak memungkinkan menggunakan When it is not practical to use single wall
single wall, double-wall teknik harus technique, a double –wall technique shall
dipakai. Kecukupan jumlah dari be used. An adequate number of
penyinaran harus didemonstrasikan area exposures shall be made to demonstrate
cakupan yang dibutuhkan telah bisa that the required coverage has been
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terpenuhi. obtained.
8.6.2 Single-wall teknik ( SWSV ) 8.6.2 Single-wall technique ( SWSV )
Dalam single-wall teknik, radiasi In the single-wall technique, the radiation
menembus melalui hanya satu dinding passes through only one wall of the weld
lasan ( material ), yang direview dipakai ( material ), which is viewed for
untuk penerimaan. acceptance on the radiograph.
8.6.3 Double-wall teknik 8.6.3 Double-wall technique .
Jika tidak memungkinkan menggunakan When it is not practical to use single wall
single-wall teknik, salah satu dari teknik technique, one of te following double-
berikut harus digunakan. wall techniques shall be used.
1. Single wall Viewing ( DWSV ) 1. Single wall Viewing ( DWSV )
Untuk material dan lasan pada For materials and for welds in
komponen, teknik bisa mggunakan component, a technique may be used in
dimana radiasi menembus melalui dua which the radiation passes through two
dinding dan hanya lasan ( material ) pada walls and only the weld ( material ) on
fillm side yang direview dipakai untuk the film-side wall is viewed for
penerimaan radiography. Jika cakupan acceptance on the radiograph. When
komplet diperlukan untuk seluruh complete coverage is required for
keliling lasan ( material ), minimum tiga circumferential welds ( materials ), a
penyinaran yang diambil 120 drajat satu minimum of three exposures taken 120
sama lainnya. deg. to each other shall be made.
2. Double-wall Viewing ( DWDV ) 2. Double-wall Viewing ( DWDV )
Untuk material dan lasan pada komponen For materials and for welds in component
yang ukuran nominal diameter 3-1/2” ( 3-1/2” ( 89 mm ) or less in nominal
89 mm ) atau kurang, dimana radiasi outside diameter, a technique may be
menembus melalui dua dinding dan used in which the radiation may passes
lasan ( material ) dikedua dinding through two walls and the weld ( material
direview untuk penerimaan pada film ) in both walls is viewed for acceptance
yang sama (Exhibit B). on the same radiograph. (Exhibit B).
Untuk teknik ini, hanya IQI disisi sumber For this technique, only source side IQI
yang harus digunakan. Tindakan hati–hati shall be used. Care should be exercised
sebaiknya dilakukan untuk tidak to ensure that the required geometric un-
melewati syarat ketajaman geometris. sharpness is not exceeded. If the
Bila syarat ketajaman tersebut tidak bisa geometric un-sharpness requirement can
tercapai, harus menggunakan single wall not be met, then single–wall viewing
viewing. shall be used.
a. Untuk lasan, sumber radiasi bisa digeser a. For welds, the radiation beam may be
menjauh dari lasan tersebut dengan sudut offset from the plane of the weld at an
yang cukup untuk memisahkan image angle sufficient to separate the images of
antara sisi source dan sisi film lasan the source side and film side portions of
tersebut sehingga tidak terjadi overlap the weld so that there is no overlap of the
0
dari penyinaran 90 satu dan lainnya. exposures taken at 900 to each other.
b. Sebagai alternatif, lasan dapat b. As an alternative, the weld may be
diradiografi dengan memposisikan sinar radiographed with the radiation beam
radiasinya sehingga image dari dua wall positioned so that the images of both
tersebut adalah bertumpuk. Sedikitnya walls are superimposed. At least three
tiga penyinaran harus diambil dengan exposures shall be made at 600 or 1200 to
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sudut 600 atau 1200 satu sama lain each other.


c. Tambahan penyinaran harus diambil jika c. Additional exposures shall be made if the
cakupan radiography yang diperlukan required radiograph coverage cannot be
tidak bisa dihasilkan menggunakan obtained using the minimum number of
jumlah minimum yang ditunjukkan di (a) exposures indicate in the (a) and (b)
dan (b) diatas. above.

8.7 Evaluasi Film 8.7 Film Evaluation


8.7.1 Fasilitas untuk Review Film 8.7.1 Facility for Viewing Radiographs
Radiography
8.7.1.1 Viewing facilitas harus bisa 8.7.1.1 Viewing facilities shall provide subdued
menghasilkan background lighting yang background lighting of an intensity that
redup yang tidak akan menyebabkan will not cause reflection, shadow, or glare
pantulan, bayangan atau silau pada film on the radiograph that interfere with the
radioagraphy yang mengganggu proses interpretation process.
interpreatasi.
8.7.1.2 Alat yang digunakan untuk mereview 8.7.1.2 Equipment used to view radiograph for
film radiography harus bisa menghasilkan interpretation shall provide a variable
cahaya yang bisa diatur, cukup untuk light source, sufficient for essential IQI
menampilkan essential IQI Hole atau Hole or designed wire to be visible for
wire yang diperlukan pada range density. specified density range.
8.7.1.3 Densitometer yang terkalibrasi harus 8.7.1.3 Calibrated densitometer shall be used for
digunakan untuk menentukan persyaratan judging film density requirements.
density film.
8.7.2 National Standard Step Tablet Film 8.7.2 A National Standard Step Tablet Film
National standard step tablet film A national standard step tablet film
traceable ke national standard step tablet traceable to a national standard step tablet
dan mempunyai paling sedikit 5 steps and having at least 5 steps with neutral
dengan neutral densities paling sedikit densities from at least 1.0 through 4.0
dari 1.0 sampai 4.0 harus digunakan. shall be used. A national standard step
National standard step tablet film bisa tablet film may be used without
digunakan tanpa verifikasi selama satu verification for one year upon opening,
tahun setelah dibuka, asalakan masih provided it is within the manufacturers
dalam waktu yang disebut pembuatnya. stated self-life.
8.7.3 Densitometer. 8.7.3 Densitometers.
8.7.3.1 Densitometers harus dikalibrasi paling 8.7.3.1 Densitometers shall be calibrated at least
sedikit setiap 90 hari selama digunakan every 90 days during use as follow:
sebagai berikut :
8.7.3.2 Instruksi pabrik dalam pengoperasian 8.7.3.2 The manufacturer’s instructions for the
densitometer harus diikuti. operation of densitometer shall be
followed.
8.7.3.3 Step density yang dekat dengan 1, 2, 3 8.7.3.3 The density steps closest to 1, 2, 3 and 4
dan 4 density unit pada step wedge film density unit on the calibrated step wedge
yang terkalibrasi harus dibaca. film shall be read.
8.7.3.4 Densitometer diterima jika pembacaan 8.7.3.4 The densitometer is acceptable if the
density tidak bervariasi lebih dari 0.05 density readings do not vary more than
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density unit. Dalam suatu hal ada 0.05 density unit. In case of a
perbedaan yang berdampak pada difference affecting acceptability of the
penerimaan film, pembacaan film, the densitometer reading shall
densitometer yang dipakai. govern.
8.7.3.5 Kalibrasi check harus dilaksanakan pada 8.7.3.5 Calibration verification check shall be
setiap awal shift, setelah 8 jam digunakan performed at the beginning of each
secara terus menerus atau setelah diganti shift, after 8 hrs. continual use or after
spare partnya, mana yang terjadi dahulu. change of apertures, whichever comes
Periodic densitometer verification check first. Periodic densitometer verification
tidak perlu didokumentasikan, log checks do not have to be documented,
aktivitas bisa dibuat untuk aktivitas ini. the activity log may be provided.
8.7.4 Persyaratan Qualitas Film 8.7.4 Film quality requirements
8.7.4.1 Pemrosesan film harus sesuai dengan 8.7.4.1 Film processing shall be in accordance
rekomendasi manufacturer produk with the manufacturer’s recommended
tersebut. practices.
8.7.4.2 Semua radiographs harus bebas dari 8.7.4.2 All radiographs shall be free from
mekanik, kimia atau noda/cacat lain mechanical, chemical or other blemishes
untuk maksud tidak menutupi atau tidak to the extent that they do not mask or are
membingungkan dengan gambar dari not confused with the image of any
cacat yang berat dalam area yang diamati. objectionable imperfection in the area of
interest.
8.7.4.3 Secara umum, pembacaan film harus 8.7.4.3 In general, film viewing shall be by
dengan satu film. Jika ada suatu kondisi single film. When conditions exist, i.e.,
seperti: taper, reinforcemen, dan lain-lain, tapers, reinforcements, etc., that do not
yang tidak memungkinkan batasan permit film viewing within the minimum
density dari pembacaan single film; maka density limitation for single film viewing;
film composit boleh digunakan, asalkan then composite viewing may be used,
density dari film composit memenuhi provided that the density of the
syarat. composite set of film satisfies the
requirements.
8.7.5 Density 8.7.5 Density
8.7.5.1 Density film melalui image radiografi 8.7.5.1 The transmitted film density through the
dari body IQI hole-type yang dekat radiographic image of the body of the
dengan essential lubang yang designed hole-type IQI adjacent to the
dipersyaratkan atau daerah dekat essential hole or adjacent to the
dengan kawat yang diperlukan dari IQI designated wire of a wire IQI and area of
dan daerah dari yang harus dibaca, harus interest shall be 2.0 minimum for single
2.0 minimum untuk single film viewing film viewing radiographs made with
radiografi dengan sumber sinar gamma gamma ray source and 1.8 minimum for
dan 1.8 minimum untuk single film single film viewing radiographs made
viewing radiografi dengan sumber sinar with X- ray source.
X-ray.
8.7.5.2 Untuk composite dari multiple film 8.7.5.2 For composite viewing of multiple film
exposure, setiap film dari composite set exposure, each film of the composite set
harus mempunyai minimum density 1.3. shall have a minimum density of 1.3.
8.7.5.3 Maximum density harus 4.0 untuk 8.7.5.3 The maximum density shall be 4.0 for
masing - masing , single atau composite either single or composite viewing.
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viewing .
8.7.5.4 Density dari radiografi dimanapun 8.7.5.4 The density of the radiograph anywhere
didaerah yang diamati variasinya antara through the area of interest varies by
minus 15% atau plus 30% dari density more than minus 15% or plus 30% from
body IQI hole-type yang dekat dengan the density of the body of the designed
essential lubang yang dipersyaratkan hole-type IQI adjacent to the essential
atau dekat dengan kawat yang hole or adjacent to the designated wire of
disyaratkan dari IQI tipe kawat. a wire IQI.
8.7.5.5 Jika menghitung variasi density yang 8.7.5.5 When calculating the allowable variation
diizinkan, calculasi boleh di bulatkan in density, calculation may be rounded to
dalam range yang dijelaskan pada par. the nearest 0.1 within the range specified
8.7.5 ( 1 ~ 3 ). in par. 8.7.5 ( 1 ~ 3 ).
8.7.5.6 Jika shim digunakan, batasan density plus 8.7.5.6 When shims are used, the plus 30%
30% boleh dilewati, dan minimum density restriction may be exceeded, and
persyaratan density diatas tidak the minimum density requirements above
digunakan, asalkan sensitivitas IQI do not apply for IQI, provided the
memenuhi syarat required IQI sensitivity meets the
requirements.
8.7.5.7 Toleransi 0.05 density diantara variasi 8.7.5.7 A tolerance of 0.05 in density is allowed
pembacaan densitometer masih for variations between densitometer
diperbolehkan. readings.
8.7.5.8 Pembaca film harus memberikan catatan 8.7.5.8 The Radiographer shall note on the
bahwa pembacaan composit yang Radiography Report that Composite
digunakan pada laporan Radiografi. viewing was utilized.

8.7.6 IQI Sensitivity 8.7.6 IQI Sensitivity


8.7.6.1 Radiografi harus dilaksanakan dengan 8.7.6.1 Radiography shall be performed with a
teknik sensitivity yang cukup untuk technique of sufficient sensitivity to
menampilkan gambar type IQI hole yang display the designated hole-type IQI
disyaratkan dan 2T hole, atau kawat yang image and the 2T hole, or the essential
esensial dari type IQI wire. Radiografi wire of a wire IQI type. The radiograph
juga harus menunjukkan nomer dari shall also display the IQI identifying
identifikasi IQI dan hurufnya. Jika numbers and letter. If the 2T hole of
gambar 2T lubang dari type IQI hole designated IQI hole types, or essential
yang diperlukan, atau kawat yang wire, do not show on any film in a
esensial dari type IQI wire, tidak tampak multiple film technique, but do show in
di film dari multiple film teknik, tapi composite film viewing, interpretation
tampak di composite film viewing, shall be permitted only by composite film
interpretasi hanya diizinkan pada viewing.
composite film viewing saja.
8.7.6.2 Jika type IQI hole diganti lebih tipis 8.7.6.2 If a thinner or thicker hole type IQI
atau lebih tebal dari yang di Table 276 than listed in Table 276 (shown in
(shown in Exhibit A. 1 ), setara atau Exhibit A. 1 ) was substituted, an
lebih baik sensitivitasnya bisa equivalent or better sensitivity is
dilaksanakan dan semua syarat–syarat achieved and all other requirements for
lainnya dari radiography harus dipenuhi. radiography are met.
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8.8 Standar Penerimaan 8.8 Acceptance Standards


Umum. Keberterimaan final dari General. Final acceptance of radiographs
radiograph harus didasarkan pada shall be based on the ability to see the
kemampuan untuk kelihatannya gambar prescribed hole (IQI) image and the
lubang (IQI) dan lubang yang disyaratkan specified hole or the designated wire of a
atau kawat yang disyaratkan IQI kawat. wire IQI.
8.8.1 ASME BPV Code Section I Para PW- 8.8.1 ASME BPV Code Section I Para PW-
51 51
8.8.1.1 Semua karakteristik indikasi tipe crack 8.8.1.1 Any indication characterized as a crack
atau zona fusi tidak komplet atau or zone of incomplete fusion or
penetrasi tidak komplet tidak dapat di penetration are not acceptable.
terima.
8.8.1.2 Semua indikasi slag yang memanjang 8.8.1.2 Any other elongated indication which has
dengan panjang lebih dari berikut ini a length greater than the following are
tidak dapat diterima: not acceptable:
a 1/4” (6 mm) for T up to 3/4” (19 mm). a 1/4” (6 mm) for T up to 3/4” (19 mm).
b 1/3T for T over 3/4” (19 mm) to 2- b 1/3T for T over 3/4” (19 mm) to 2-
1/4”(57 mm). 1/4”(57 mm).
c 3/4” (19 mm) for T over 2-1/4” (57 mm), c 3/4” (19 mm) for T over 2-1/4” (57 mm),
where T is the thickness of the weld. where T is the thickness of the weld.
8.8.1.3 Suatu grup dari cacat dalam satu garis 8.8.1.3 Any group of aligned indications that
lurus yang memiliki jumlah panjang lebih have an aggregate length greater than T
dari T dari 12T, kecuali bila jarak antara in a length of 12T, except when the
cacat melebihi 6L dimana L adalah distance between the successive
panjang dari cacat terpanjang dalam grup imperfections exceeds 6L where L is the
itu tidak dapat di terima; dan T adalah length of the longest imperfection in a
ketebalan pengelasan termasuk group are not acceptable; and T is the
reinforcement yang di ijinkan. deposited weld metal thickness including
allowable reinforcement.
8.8.1.4 Indikasi bulat yang melebihi dari 8.8.1.4 Rounded indications in excess of that
spesifikasi standar yang diterima di specified by the acceptance standards
tentukan dalam Appendix A Para A-250 given in the Appendix A Para A-250 of
dari ASME BPV Code Sect. I adalah ASME BPV Code Sect. I are not
tidak dapat di terima. Pengelasan yang acceptable. Weld having any the
ada semua type ketidak sempurnaan following type of imperfections shall be
harus di tentukan tidak dapat di terima. judged unacceptable.

8.8.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1 8.8.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1
Para UW-51 ( full examination of Para UW-51 ( full examination of
welds) welds)
8.8.2.1 Semua karakteristik indikasi tipe crack 8.8.2.1 Any indication characterized as a crack
atau zona fusi tidak komplet atau or zone of incomplete fusion or
penetrasi tidak komplet tidak dapat di penetration are not acceptable.
terima.
8.8.2.2 Semua indikasi slag yang memanjang 8.8.2.2 Any other elongated indication which has
dengan panjang lebih dari berikut ini a length greater than the following are
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tidak dapat diterima: not acceptable


a 1/4” (6 mm) for T up to 3/4” (19 mm). a 1/4” (6 mm) for T up to 3/4” (19 mm).
b 1/3T for T over 3/4” (19 mm) to 2- b 1/3T for T over 3/4” (19 mm) to 2-
1/4”(57 mm). 1/4”(57 mm).
c 3/4” (19 mm) for T over 2-1/4” (57 mm), c 3/4” (19 mm) for T over 2-1/4” (57 mm),
Dimana T adalah ketebalan pengelasan Where T is the thickness of the weld
tidak termasuk reinforcement yang di excluding any allowable reinforcement.
ijinkan. Untuk pengelasan sambungan For a butt weld joining two members
Butt join antara dua bagian yang having different thicknesses at the weld,
memiliki perbedaan ketebalan pada T is the thinner of the two thicknesses. If
pengelasan, T adalah ketebalan yang a full penetration weld includes a fillet
tipis. Jika pengelasan penetrasi penuh weld, the thickness of the throat of the
termasuk pengelasan fillet, tebal dari fillet shall be included in T.
throat fillet harus di masukan dalam T
8.8.2.3 Suatu grup dari cacat dalam satu garis 8.8.2.3 Any group of aligned indications that
lurus yang memiliki jumlah panjang lebih have an aggregate length greater than T
dari T dari 12T, kecuali bila jarak antara in a length of 12T, except when the
cacat melebihi 6L dimana L adalah distance between the successive
panjang dari cacat terpanjang dalam grup imperfections exceeds 6L where L is the
itu tidak dapat di terima length of the longest imperfection in a
group are not acceptable.
8.8.2.4 Indikasi bulat yang melebihi dari 8.8.2.4 Rounded indications in excess of that
spesifikasi standar yang diterima di specified by the acceptance standards
tentukan dalam Mandatory Appendix 4 given in the Mandatory Appendix 4 of
dari ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1 are
adalah tidak dapat di terima. not acceptable.
8.8.3 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1 8.8.3 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1
Para UW-52 ( spot examination of Para UW-52 ( spot examination of
welds) welds)
Berikut ini adalah tidak dapat di terima : The following are not acceptable,
8.8.3.1 Pengelasan dimana indikasi dengan 8.8.3.1 Weld in which indications are
karakteristik tipe crack atau zona fusi characterized as a crack or zone of
tidak komplet atau penetrasi tidak incomplete fusion or penetration are not
komplet tidak dapat di terima. acceptable.
8.8.3.2 Pengelasan dimana ada indikasi dengan 8.8.3.2 Welds in which indications are
karakteristic slag inclusions atau cavities characterized as slag inclusions or
adalah tidak dapat di terima jika panjang cavities are not acceptable if the length of
indikasi lebih dari 2/3 t dimana t adalah such indication is greater than 2/3 t where
tebal dari pengelasan tidak termasuk t is the thickness of the weld excluding
reinforcement yang dijinkan. any allowable reinforcement.
Untuk pengelasan sambungan Butt join For a butt weld joining two members
antara dua bagianyang memiliki having different thicknesses at the weld, t
perbedaan ketebalan pada pengelasan, t is the thinner of the two thicknesses. If a
adalah ketebalan yang tipis dari kedua full penetration weld includes a fillet
ketebalan. Jika pengelasan penetrasi weld, the thickness of the throat of the
penuh termasuk pengelasan fillet, tebal fillet shall be included in t.
dari throat fillet harus di masukan t.
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Jika beberapa indikasi dengan batasan If several indications within the above
diatas ada dalam satu garis, pengelasan limitations exist in-line, welds shall be
tersebut harus dipastikan di terima jika judged acceptable if the sum of the
jumlah dari dimensi terpanjang dari longest dimensions of all such indications
semua indikasi tersebut tidak lebih dari t is not more than t in a length of 6t (or
dengan panjang 6t ( atau proposional proportionately for radiographs shorter
untuk ragiografi kurang lebih dari 6t ) that 6t) and if the longest indication
dan jika panjang indikasi di anggap considered are separated by at least 3L of
terpisah setidaknya 3t dari metial lasan acceptable weld metal where L is the
yang di ijinkan dimana L adalah panjang length of the longest indication. The
dari indikasi yang terpanjang. Panjang maximum length of the acceptable
maksimum satu indikasi yang di ijinkan indications shall be 19 mm (3/4 in.).
harus 19 mm (3/4 in.).
Semua indikasi yang kurang dari 6 mm Any such indication shorter than 6 mm
(1/4 in.) harus bisa di terima untuk semua (1/4 in.) shall be acceptable for any plate
ketebalan dari pelat. thickness.
8.8.3.3 Indikasi bulat yang bukan factor di 8.8.3.3 Rounded indications are not a factor in
terimanya dari pengelasan tidak perlu the acceptability of the welds not
seluruhnya di radiographi. required to be fully radiographed

8.8.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.2 8.8.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.2
Para 7.5.3.2 Para 7.5.3.2
8.8.4.1 Indikasi memanjang 8.8.4.1 Linear Indications
Teminology : ketebalan t – ketebalan Teminology : Thickness t – the thickness
pengelasan tidak termasuk of the weld excluding any allowable
reinforcement yang di ijinkan. Untuk reinforcement. For a butt weld joining
pengelasan sambungan Butt join antara two members having different
dua bagian yang memiliki perbedaan thicknesses at the weld, t is the thinner of
ketebalan pada pengelasan, t adalah these two thicknesses. If a full
ketebalan yang tipis dari kedua ketebalan. penetration weld includes a fillet weld,
Jika pengelasan penetrasi penuh termasuk the thickness of the fillet throat shall be
pengelasan fillet, tebal dari throat fillet included in the calculation of t
harus di masukan dalam t
8.8.4.2 Kriteria di terima atau di tolak 8.8.4.2 Acceptance / Rejection Criteria
a. Semua tipe crack atau fusi tidak komplet a. Any crack or zone of incomplete fusion
atau penetrasi tidak komplet or lack of penetration
b. Semua indikasi yang memanjang dengan b. Any other linear indication that has a
panjang lebih dari: length greater than:
- 6 mm (1/4 in) dari t kurang dari atau - 6 mm (1/4 in) for t less than or equal to
sama dengan19 mm (3/4 in), 19 mm (3/4 in),
- t / 3 dari t lebih dari 19 mm (3/4 in) dan - t / 3 for t greater than 19 mm (3/4 in)
kurang dari atau sama dengan 57 mm (2 and less than or equal to 57 mm (2 1/4
1/4 in), in),
- 19 mm (3/4 in) dari t lebih dari 57 mm - 19 mm (3/4 in) for t greater than 57 mm
(2 1/4 in). (2 1/4 in).
c. Suatu grup dari cacat dalam satu garis c. Any group of aligned indications that
lurus yang memiliki jumlah panjang lebih have an aggregate length greater than T
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dari T dari 12T, kecuali bila jarak antara in a length of 12T, except when the
cacat melebihi 6L dimana L adalah distance between the successive
panjang dari cacat terpanjang dalam grup imperfections exceeds 6L where L is the
length of the longest imperfection in a
group.
d. Kondisi Internal root weld dapat di teima d. Internal root weld conditions are
ketika density atau perubahan gambar acceptable when the density or image
lebih terang seperti yang di tunjukan brightness change as indicated in the
dalam radiograf tidak drastis. Indikasi radiograph is not abrupt.Linear
memanjang pada radiograf di kedua tepi indications on the radiograph at either
kondisi seperti harus di evaluasi sesuai edge of such conditions shall be
dengan paragraf ini. evaluated in accordance with the other
sections of this paragraph.
8.8.4.3 Indikasi Bulat : 8.8.4.3 Rounded Indications
Indikasi bulat yang melebihi dari Rounded indications in excess of that
spesifikasi standar penerimaan yang di specified by the acceptance standards
tunujukan di para 7.5.3.2.( b ) ( 2 ) of given in the para 7.5.3.2.( b ) ( 2 ) of
ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2 are
adalah tidak bisa di terima not acceptable

8.8.5 ASME BPV Code Sect. IX Para QW- 8.8.5 ASME BPV Code Sect. IX Para QW-
191.1.2 191.1.2
8.8.5.1 Indikasi memanjang 8.8.5.1 Linear Indications
a. Semua tipe crack atau fusi tidak komplet a. Any type of crack or zone of incomplete
atau penetrasi tidak komplet tidak dapat fusion or penetration are not acceptable.
di terima.
b Semua indikasi slag yang memanjang b Any elongated slag which has a length
dengan panjang lebih dari berikut ini greater than the following are not
tidak dapat di terima: acceptable:
- 3 mm (1/8 in) dari t hingga 10 mm (3/8 - 3 mm (1/8 in) for t up to 10 mm (3/8 in
in ), inclusive ), inclusive
- 1 / 3t dari t lebih dari 10 mm (3/8 in ) - 1 / 3t for t over 10 mm (3/8 in ) to 57
hingga 57 mm (2 1/4 in), inclusive mm (2 1/4 in), inclusive
- 19 mm (3/4 in) dari t lebih dari 57 mm - 19 mm (3/4 in) for t over 57 mm (2 1/4
(2 1/4 in). in).
c. Suatu group dari slag inclusions dalam c. Any group of slag inclusions in line that
satu garis lurus yang memiliki jumlah have an aggregate length greater than t in
panjang lebih dari T dari 12T, kecuali a length of 12t, except when the distance
bila jarak antara cacat melebihi 6L form the successive imperfections
dimana L adalah panjang dari cacat exceeds 6L where L is the length of the
terpanjang dalam grup itu adalah tidak longest imperfection in that group are not
dapat di terima, dan dimana T adalah acceptable, and where t is the deposited
ketebalan pengelasan yang di ijinkan. weld metal thickness exluding allowable
weld metal thickness.
8.8.5.2 Indikasi bulat dimana melebihi dari 8.8.5.2 Rounded indications which exceed the
batasan yang di ijinkan berikut ini adalah limits given below are not acceptable,
tidak dapat di terima,
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a. Maximum dimensi yang dizinkan untuk a. The maximum permissible dimension for
indikasi bulat harus 20% dar t atau 1/8 in rounded indications shall be 20% of t or 3
( 3 mm ), dimana yang lebih kecil, mm (1/8 in.) whichever is smaller,
b. Untuk las di material ketebalan kurang b. For welds in materials less than 3 mm
dari 1/8 in (3 mm), jumlah maximum dari (1/8 in.) in thickness, the maximum
indikasi bulat yang diterima tidak boleh number of acceptable rounded indications
lebih dari 12 dalam 6 in. (150 mm) shall not exceed 12 in a 150 mm (6 in.)
panjang lasan. Secara proporsinal jumlah length of weld. A proportionately fewer
lebih sedikit dari indikasi bulat harus number of rounded indications shall be
diterima dalam lasan kurang dari 6 in. permitted in welds less than 150 mm (6
(150 mm) panjang. in.) in length.

c. Untuk lasan di material dengan tebal 1/8 c. For welds in material 3 mm (1/8in.) or
in. (3 mm) atau lebih tebal, Figure QW. greater in thickness , the charts in Figure
191.1.2 (b ) (4 ) menggambarkan QW. 191.1.2 (b ) (4 ) represent the
maximum indikasi bulat yang bisa maximum acceptable types of rounded
diterima yang digambarkan typical dari indications illustrated in typically
clustered, assorted and randomly clustered, assorted and randomly
dispersed configuration. Indikasi bulat dispersed configurations. Rounded
dengan diameter maximum kurang dari indications less than 0.8 mm (1/32 in.) in
1/32 in. (0.8 mm) tidak dianggap dalam maximum diameter shall not be
standard penerimaan radiografi untuk considered in radiographic acceptance
welder dan welding operator dalam range tests of welders and welding operators in
ketebalan material. these ranges of material thicknesses.

8.8.6 ASME Code B31.1 Power Piping Para 8.8.6 ASME Code B31.1 Power Piping Para
136.4.5 136.4.5
8.8.6.1 Pengelasan yang di tunjukan di radiografi 8.8.6.1 Welds what are shown by radiography to
dan memiliki salah satu tipe have any of the following types of
discontinuities berikut ini adalah tidak discontinuities are unacceptable:
dapat di terima:
a. Semua tipe crack atau fusi tidak komplet a. Any type of crack or zone of incomplete
atau penetrasi tidak komplet, fusion or penetration,
b. Semua indikasi slag dengan panjang lebih b. Any other elongated indication which has
dari berikut ini tidak dapat di terima: a length greater than:
- 6 mm (1/4 in) dari t hingga 19 mm (3/4 - 6 mm (1/4 in) for t up to 19 mm (3/4 in
in ), ),
- 1 / 3t dari t mulai19 mm (3/4 in ) - 1 / 3t for t from 19 mm (3/4 in ) to 57
sampai 57 mm (2 1/4 in), inclusive mm (2 1/4 in), inclusive
- 19 mm (3/4 in) dari t lebih dari 57 mm - 19 mm (3/4 in) for t over 57 mm (2 1/4
(2 1/4 in) dimana t adalah ketebalan in) where t is the thickness of the thinner
paling tipis dari bagian pengelasan, portion of weld,
c. Suatu grup dari indikasi dalam satu garis c. Any group of indications in line that have
lurus yang memiliki jumlah panjang lebih an aggregate length greater than t in a
dari T dari 12T, kecuali bila jarak antara length of 12t, except where the distance
cacat melebihi 6L dimana L adalah between the successive indications
panjang dari indikasi cacat dalam grup exceeds 6L where L is the longest
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itu. indication in the group,


d. Porosity melebihi yang di tunjukan d. Porosity in excess of that shown as
sebagai di terimanya dalam Appendix A acceptable in Appendix A Para A-250 of
Para A-250 atau ASME BPV Code ASME BPV Code Section I,
Section I,
e. Root concavity jika terdapat perbedaan e. Root concavity when there is an abrupt
density yang drastis, terlihat di change in density, as indicated on the
radiograph. radiograph

8.9 Dokumentasi 8.9 Documentation


Hasil dari radiography harus The results of radiographic shall be
didokumentasikan kedalam Report documented in the attached Radiographic
Radiography terlampir atau yang serupa, Report or in the typical report, together
bersama dengan film radiography harus with the radiograph films shall be
disimpan sesuai dengan persyaratan dari maintained in accordance with the
Section Code yang yang dipakai atau requiremnts of other applicable Code
persyaratan Customer. Section or Customer’s requirements.
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RADIOGRAPHIC TEST REPORT


Page……..of……
Project Name : Drawing No . :………………………Rev………. Report No :……..…- RT-………
Customer : Procedure No. :………………………Rev……….
Job no. : Applicable CODE :…………………………………… NCR Ref No :……………………
Unit no. :
PART RADIATION SOURCE EXPOSURE TECHNIQUE SKETCH
Panoramic / SW SV SW SV
Name :……………………………… Isotope : Ir-192 X-Ray

ID/OD :……………………………… Activity :………… Ci Volt : ........ Amp. : .......

Mat’l Type :……………………………… Source / spot Size :………...… mm

Mat’l.Thk. :………… In mm TECHNIQUE SW SV DW SV

Reinforc.
:………… In mm Exposure : Single Wall Double Wall
Thk.
Weld Thk. :………… In mm Viewing : Single Wall Double Wall
DW SV DW DV
Backing Ring : Yes No Exposure Time :……………………. Mnt

FILM Min. SOD* :……… Mm Min. DSSOF** :……..mm

Manufacture’s :………………………….…… No.of Film in Holder : Single Multiple

.………………………………. IMAGE QUALITY INDICATOR ( IQI ) DW DV SW SV

Wire No. :……………...1 2 3 4 4 6


Type of Film :..…………………………..…. Hole No. :…………… 1T 2T 4T

Dimension :………….…X………...…In Placement : Source Side Film Side


SCREEN Block Thickness :………… Mm
Notes for Sketch :
Lead : Front Back MARKER PLACEMENT 1).SWSV = Single W all Single Viewing
2).DWSV = Double W all Single Viewing
Source Side Film Side
3).DWDV = Double W all Double Viewing
Thickness :…………. In mm 4).Other = Other than listed ( Please Sketch )
Use back scatter Yes No
Remark
Sensitivity

Date Welder &


of RT Stamp Identification Result Density Discontinuities Type Comment

Joint No Location ACC REJ IQI Min Max IF IP RC RUC P Incl Crk ND

Examined by : Reviewed by : Reviewed by : Reviewed by :

Nde Level :
Date : Date : Date : Date :
Note : *) SOD = Source to Object Distance, **) DSSOF = Distance from Source Side of Object to the Film at the minimum Source to Object Distance
IF = Incomplete Fusion, IP = Incomplete Penetration, RC = Root Concavity, RUC = Root Undercut, P = Porosity, Incl = Inclusion, Crk = Crack, ND = no indication
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Reinforcement TABLE **
ASME I AND ASME VIII, DIV. 1
MAXIMUM REINFORCEMENT ; INCH ( mm )
NOMINAL THICKNESS, JOINT CATEGORY OTHER WELDS
INCH ( mm ) SECT. VIII, Div 1 SECT. I SECT. VIII, Div 1 SECT. I
Category B & C Circumferential joint
Butt weld in Pipe & tubing
Less than 3/32 (2.4) 3/32 (2.5) NA 1/32 (0.8) NA
3/32 (2.4) to 3/16 (4.8), incl. 1/8 (3) NA 1/16 (1.5) NA
Up to 1/8 ( 3 ) NA 3/32 (2.5) NA 3/32 (2.5)
1/8 ( 3 ) to 3/16 ( 5 ), incl. NA 1/8 ( 3 ) NA 3/32 (2.5)
Over 3/16 (4.8) to ½ (13), incl. 5/32 ( 4 ) 5/32 (4) 3/32 (2.5) 3/32 (2.5)
Over ½ (13) to 1 (25), incl. 3/16 ( 5 ) 3/16 (5) 3/32 ( 2.5) 3/32 ( 2.5)
Over 1 (25) to 2 (51), incl. 1/4 (6) 1/4 (6) 1/8 ( 3) 1/8 (3)
Over 2 (51) to 3 (76), incl. 1/4 (6) * 5/32 (4) 5/32 (4)
Over 3 (76) to 4 (102), incl. 1/4 (6) * 7/32 ( 5.5) 7/32 (5.5)
Over 4 (102) to 5 (127), incl. 1/4 (6) * 1/4 (6) 1/4 (6)
Over 5 (127) 5/16 (8) * 5/16 (8 ) 5/16 (8 )
Notes :
* The greater of 1/4 in. (6 mm) or 1/8 times the width of the weld in inches (mm).
** See General note.
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ASME B31.1
Reinforcement of Girth and Longitudinal Butt Welds
MAXIMUM THICKNESS OF REINFORCEMENT
FOR DESIGN TEMPERATURE
THICKNESS OF BASE METAL, in. Over 350 F - 750 F Under
(mm) 750 F ( 400 C ) ( 175 C - 400 C ) 350 F ( 175 C )
Up to 1/8 (3.0), incl. 1/16 (2.0) 3/32 (2.5) 3/16 (5.0)
Over 1/8 to 3/16 (3.0 to 5.0), incl. 1/16 (2.0) 1/8 (3.0) 3/16 (5.0)
Over 3/16 to 1/2 (5.0 to 13.0), incl. 1/16 (2.0) 5/32 (4.0) 3/16 (5.0)
Over 1/2 to 1 (13.0 to 25.0), incl. 3/32 (2.5) 3/16 (5.0) 3/16 (5.0
Over 1 to 2 (25.0 to 50.0), incl. 1/8 (3.0) 1/4 (6.0) 1/4 (6.0)
Over 2(50.0) 5/32 (4.0) The greater of ¼ in. (6 mm) or 1/8 times the width of the weld in
inches (millimeters)
General Notes :
1. For double welded butt joints, this limitation or reinforcement given above shall apply separately to both inside and outside surface
of joint.
2. For single welded butt joints, the reinforcement limits given above shall apply to the outside surface of the joint only. ( For ASME
Code, Section I welds, the reinforcement limits apply to both inside and outside surfaces of the joint ).
3. The thickness of weld reinforcement shall be based on the thickness of the thinner of the materials being joined.
4. The weld reinforcement thickness shall be determined from the higher of the abutting surfaces involved.
5. Weld reinforcement may be removed if so desired
6. Concavity due to the welding process on the root side of single welded circumferential butt weld is permitted when the resulting
thickness of the weld is at least equal to the thickness of the thinner member of the two sections being joined and the contour of the
concavity is smooth.

ASME VIII, Division 2


Maximum Reinforcement For Welded Joints
Section Thickness Circumferential Joint in Pipe and Other welds
Tubing
2.5 mm ( 3/32 in ) < t 2.5 mm ( 3/32 in ) 0.8 mm ( 1/32 in )
2.5 mm ( 3/32 in ) ≤ t < 5 mm ( 3/16 in ) 2.5 mm ( 3/32 in ) 1.5 mm ( 1/16 in )
5 mm ( 3/16 in ) ≤ t < 13 mm ( ½ in ) 3 mm ( 1/8 in ) 2.5 mm ( 3/32 in )
13 mm ( ½ in ) ≤ t < 25 mm ( 1 in ) 4 mm ( 5/32 in ) 2.5 mm ( 3/32 in )
25 mm ( 1 in ) ≤ t < 50 mm ( 2 in ) 4 mm ( 5/32 in ) 3 mm ( 1/8 in )
50 mm ( 2 in ) ≤ t < 76 mm ( 3 in ) 4 mm ( 5/32 in ) 4 mm ( 5/32 in )
76 mm ( 3 in ) ≤ t < 100 mm ( 4 in ) 5.5 mm ( 7/32 in ) 5.5 mm ( 7/32 in )
100 mm ( 4 in ) ≤ t < 125 mm ( 5 in ) 6 mm ( ¼ in ) 6 mm ( ¼ in )
T > 125 mm ( 5 in ) 8 mm ( 5/16 in ) 8 mm ( 5/16 in )
General Notes : t is the nominal thickness of the thinner section of weld joint
EXHIBIT A. 1
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EXHIBIT A. 2
EXHIBIT A. 1
EXHIBIT A. 3
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EXHIBIT A. 4
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EXHIBIT B
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EXHIBIT B (continued)
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EXHIBIT C, Location Markers


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ROUNDED INDICATION FOR ASME SECTION I


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ROUNDED INDICATION FOR ASME SECTION VIII, DIVISION 1


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ROUNDED INDICATION FOR ASME SECTION VIII, Div 2


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ROUNDED INDICATION FOR ASME SECTION IX


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SUMMARY OF REVISION SHEET

This page is a record of all revisions of the procedure and the following revision (s) has (have) been made to
this procedure.

BRIEF OF REVISION
REV. DATE PAGE

00 15 October, 2015 All First Issue


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Daftar Isi / Table of Content


Par. Uraian Par. Description Page
1 Tujuan 1 Purpose 5
2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope 5
3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirements 6
4 Referensi 4 References 7
5 Definisi–Definisi 5 Definitions 7
6 Kualifikasi dan Tanggung Jawab 6 Personnel Qualification and 7
Personnel Responsibility
7 Perlengkapan 7 Equipments 8
7.1 Alat – alat Ultrasonic 7.1 Ultrasonic Equipments 8
7.2 Search units 7.2 Search units 8
7.3 Couplant 7.3 Couplant 9
7.4 Blok Kalibrasi 7.4 Calibration Block 9
7.4.1 Reflectors 7.4.1 Reflectors 9
7.4.2 Blok Material 7.4.2 Block Material 10
7.4.3 Block Bentuk Curva. 7.4.3 Block Curvature. 11
Material dengan Diameter lebih Materials with Diameters Greater
Besar dari 20 inci (508 mm). Than 20 inches (508 mm).
7.4.4 Material dengan Diameter 20 inci (508 7.4.4 Materials with Diameters 20 inches 12
mm) dan Lebih Kecil. (508 mm) and Less.
7.4.5 Non-Piping Calibration Block 7.4.5 Non-Piping Calibration Block 12
7.4.6 Piping Calibration Block 7.4.6 Piping Calibration Blocks 12
7.4.7 Weld Metal Overlay Cladding 7.4.7 Weld Metal Overlay Cladding 13
Calibration Blocks Calibration Blocks
7.4.8 Calibration Block untuk Nozzle Side 7.4.8 Nozzle Side Weld Fusion and/or 14
Weld Fusion dan/atau Nozzle Parent Adjacent Nozzle Parent Metal
Metal yang berdekatan Calibration Block.
8 Procedure 8 Procedure 14
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation. 14
9 Calibration Alat 9 Instrument Calibration 15
9.1 Instrumen Lineariti 9.1 Instrument Linearity 15
9.1.1 Lineariti ketinggian Screen 9.1.1 Screen height linearity 15
9.1.2 Lineariti Kontrol Amplitudo 9.1.2 Amplitude control linearity 15
10 Kalibrasi System 10 System Calibration 15
10.1 Persyaratan Umum Kalibrasi 10.1 General Calibration Requirements 15
10.2 Temperature 10.2 Temperature 16
10.3 Kalibrasi untuk selain Piping 10.3 Calibration for Non Piping 16
10.4 Kalibrasi untuk Piping 10.4 Calibration for Piping 19
10.5 Kalibrasi untuk Weld Metal Overlay 10.5 Calibration For Weld Metal Overlay 20
Cladding Cladding
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10.6 Kalibrasi untuk Nozzle Zone Fusi dari 10.6 Calibration For Nozzle Side Weld 21
lasan dan / atau yang berdekatan dengan Fusion Zone And / Or Adjacent
material induknya. Nozzle Parent Metal.
10.7 Konfirmasi Kalibrasi 10.7 Calibration Confirmation 22
11 Pengujian 11 Examination 23
11.1 Cakupan 11.1 Coverage 23
11.2 Syarat-syarat Scanning 11.2 Scanning Requirements 23
11.3 Scaning dengan Probe Normal 11.3 Straight Beam Scanning 23
11.4 Scanning dengan Probe Sudut untuk 11.4 Angle Beam Scanning for Reflectors 24
Reflektor yang Paralel dengan Lasan. Parallel to the Weld
11.5 Scanning dengan Probe Sudut untuk 11.5 Angle Beam Scanning for Reflection 24
Reflektor yang Melintang dengan Lasan. Oriented Transversal to the Weld.
12 Pengevaluasian 12 Evaluation 24
12.1 Indikasi Non-Relevant 12.1 Non-Relevant Indication 24
12.2 Level Evaluasi. 12.2 Evaluation Level. 25
13 Pengukuran Cacat 13 Sizing of Indications 25
13.1 Pengujian dengan Probe normal. 13.1 Straight Beam Testing 25
13.2 Pengujian dengan Probe Sudut. 13.2 Angle Beam Testing 26
14 Pembersihan akhir setelah pengujian 14 Post –Examination Cleaning. 26
15 Dokumentasi 15 Documentation 27
16 Standar Penerimaan 16 Acceptance Standards 28
16.1 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 16.1 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 28
Division.1, Appendix 12 Para 12.3 Division.1, Appendix 12 Para 12.3
16.2 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 16.2 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 28
Division.2, para 7.5.4.2 : Division.2, para 7.5.4.2 :
16.3 ASME BPV Code Section IX Para QW 16.3 ASME BPV Code Section IX Para 29
191.2: QW 191.2:
17 Pengujian Hasil Perbaikan 17 Examination of Repairs 30
Lampiran - lampiran Attachments 31~45
Table T 421, Essensial variable Table T 421, Essensial variable 46
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1 Tujuan 1 Purpose
1.1 Prosedur ini untuk digunakan sebagai 1.1 This procedure provides guidance during
petunjuk pengujian ultrasonic manual. the conduct of manual ultrasonic testing

1.2 Procedure ini terdiri dari versi Enggris dan 1.2 This procedure consists of English and
Indonesia, jika ada konflik antara keduanya Indonesian versions, shall there is conflict
maka versi Enggris yang dipakai. between these versions the English
version shall govern.

2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope


2.1 Prosedur ini menyajikan syarat-syarat dan 2.1 This procedure provides the requirements
standar acceptance yang digunakan untuk and acceptance standards for the contact
pengujian dengan Ultrasonic kontak pada: ultrasonic examination for:
2.1.1 Lasan full penetrasi ferrous material 2.1.1 Full penetration welds of ferrous
(material carbon steel, low alloy steel dan material (carbon steel, low alloy steel and
stainless steel) dengan ketebalan antara 0,5 stainless steel ) with thickness between
in. (13 mm) sampai 1.0 in. (25 mm). 0.5 in. (13 mm) up to 1.0 in. (25 mm).
Sambungan las bisa terbuat dari pipa, tube, Weld joints may be made of pipes, tubes,
plat atau batang. plates or bar.
2.1.2 Base material dari ferrous metal 2.1.2 Base materials of ferrous metals (carbon
(carbon steel, low alloy steel, stainless steel, low alloy steel, stainless steel,
steel, forging) dengan ketebalan antara 0.5 forging ) with thickness between 0.5 in.
in. (13 mm) sampai 1.0 in. (25 mm) untuk (13 mm) up to 1.0 in. (25 mm) for
pengujian laminasi atau defect lainnya. lamination check or other defects.

2.2 Procedure harus diqualifikasi dengan 2.2 Procedure shall be qualified by


demonstrasi, jika ada perubahan dari demonstration, when a change of
persyratan di Table T-421 diketahui requirement in Table T-421 identified as
sebagai essential variable harus perlu an essential variable shall require
diqualifikasi ulang dengan demonstrasi. requalification of the procedure by
Perubahan daripersyaratan diketahui demonstration. A change of a
sebagai nonessential variable tidak requirement identified as a nonessential
diperlukan requalifikasi procedure. Semua variable does not require re-
perubahan dari essential atau non essential qualification the procedure. All changes
variable dari yang disebut dalam prosedur of essential or nonessential variable from
ini harus diperlukan revisi dari atau those specified by this procedure shall
dengan addendum ke procedure. require revision of or an addendum to the
procedure.

2.3 Persyaratan Demonstrasi : 2.3 Demonstration requirements :


a. Demonstrasi harus dilaksanakan untuk a. The demostration shall be performed to
mendapatkan kepuasan Authorized the satisfaction of the Authorized
Inspector, dibawah control dan Inspector, under the control and
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pengawasan dari Level III penguji yang supervision of a Level III examiner who
qualified dan certified untuk melaksanakan is qualified and certfied for performing
ujian method dan teknik. the examination method and technique.
b. Demonstrasi harus pada minimum satu test b. The demonstration shall be on minimum
spesimen yang mempunyai cacat dimana one test specimen having flaws whose
ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, jumlah, dan size, location, orientation, quantity, and
karakterisasi telah ditentukan sebelum characterization have been determined
demonstrasi dan diketahui hanya oleh prior to demonstration and are known
pengawas Level III penguji. only by the supervising Level III
examiner.
c. Procedure dianggap qualified jika c. The procedure shall be considered
pengawas Level III penguji dan qualified when the supervising Level III
Authorized Inspector telah puas dengan and the Authorized Inspector are satisfied
indikasi yang didapat dengan procedure that indications produced by the
yang demonstrasikan efective demonstrated procedure effectively
menampakkan ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, reveal the size, location, orientation,
jumlah, dan karakterisasi dari cacat yang quantity, and characterization of the
diketahui didapatkan pada specimen test flaws known to be present in the
yang diuji. examination test specimen.
d. Nama dan / atau identifikasi dan tanda d. The name and/or identity and signature of
tangan dari pengawas Level III penguji the supervising Level III and the
dan Authorized Inspector yang witnessing Authorized Inspector shall be
menyaksikan harus ditambahkan untuk added to indicate their acceptance of the
menyatakan penerimaan menyatakan procedure indicate qualification.
qualifikasi procedure.

3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirements


3.1 Safety regulasi dari PT. NORTHEAST 3.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s safety
STAR NDT harus diikuti selama regulation shall be followed during
pengujian. examination.
3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION ) 3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION )
 Selalu menggunakan PPE such as  Always use PPE such as Safety shoes,
Safety shoes, hand glove, safety glass, hand glove, safety glass, and helmet.
and helmet.  Watch out for slippery and falling
 Waspada tempat yang licin dan benda object
jatuh  Watch out for the hazard around the
 Waspada benda berbahaya sekitar areas.
tempat kerja  Stop the activities and report to client
 Berhenti kerja dan lapor ke client an and supervisor for unsafe working
supervisor untuk tempat kerja yang tidak condition.
aman  Use fall protection equipment if
 Pakai alat pengaman ketinggian jika working above 2 m.
kerja diatas 2 m  Collect all waste and put it in agreed
 Pungut sampah dan buang ditempat place.
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yang tersedia  Do not expose any lubricant, oil or test


 Jangan membuang pelumas, oli atau fluid to the ground.
cairan bekas test ke lantai

4 Referensi 4 References
4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written 4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Practice
4.2 ASME code Sect. V Article 4, VIII Div. 4.2 ASME code Sect. V-Article 4, VIII Div.
1, VIII Div. 2, IX , 2015 Edition. 1, VIII Div. 2, IX, 2015 Edition.

5 Definisi–Definisi 5 Definitions
5.1 Primary reference response (level): respon 5.1 Primary reference response (level): the
dari ultrasonic dari refector di blok ultrasonic response from the basic
kalibrasi pada jarak sound path tertentu, calibration reflector at the specified
secara electronic di atur sampai persen sound path distance, electronically
tertentu dari ketinggian screen. adjusted to a specified percentage of the
full screen height.
5.2 DAC: Distance Amplitude Correction 5.2 DAC: Distance Amplitude Correction
kurva. curve.
5.3 Probe (Probe): sebuah alat electro acoustic 5.3 Search Unit (Probe): an electro acoustic
digunakan untuk meneruskan atau device used to transmit or receive
menerima ultrasonic energy. ultrasonic energy.
5.4 Transducer: sebuah alat electro acoustical 5.4 Transducer: an electro acoustical device
untuk merubah energi listrik ke energi for converting electrical energy into
getaran dan sebaliknya. acoustical energy and vice versa.
Probe atau transducer akan digunakan Probe or transducer will be used in this
didalam prosedur ini dengan pengertian procedure with the same meaning.
yang sama.
5.5 Kalibrasi: hubungan dari respon sistem 5.5 Calibration: correlation of the ultrasonic
ultrasonic dengan kalibrator. system respond(s) with calibration
reflector(s)
5.6 Straight beam: sebuah gelombang getaran 5.6 Straight beam: a vibrating pulse wave
pulsa yang berjalan normal (tegak lurus) train travelling normal to the test surface.
dengan permukaan yang di tes.
5.7 Angle beam: terminologi digunakan untuk 5.7 Angle beam: a term used to describe an
menyatakan sudut datang atau pembiasan angle of incidence or refraction other
selain tegak lurus dengan permukaan yang than normal to the surface of the test
di tes, hanya beam sudut gelombang shear object, only angle beam shear waves shall
yang digunakan dalam prosedur ini. be used in this procedure.

6 Kualifikasi dan Tanggung Jawab 6 Personnel Qualification and


Personnel Responsibility
6.1 Personel yang melakukan pengujian untuk 6.1 Personnel performing examinations to the
persyaratan procedure ini harus di requirements of this specification shall be
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qualifikasi sesuai dengan prosedure dari qualified in accordance with PT.


PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Practice
6.2 Personel yang melaksanakan tes dan 6.2 Personnel performing examinations and
mengevaluasi dengan prosedure ini harus evaluation to the requirements this
memiliki Level II atau Level III. procedure shall be Level II or Level III.

7 Perlengkapan 7 Equipments
7.1 Alat – alat Ultrasonic 7.1 Ultrasonic Equipments
7.1.1 Frekwensi 7.1.1 Frequency
Pengujian ini harus dilaksanakan dengan This examination shall be conducted with
menggunakan instrumen ultrasonic pulsa a pulse-echo ultrasonic instrument
gema yang bisa menimbulkan frekwensi capable of generating frequencies over
minimum antara 1 MHz sampai 5 MHz the range of at least 1 MHz to 5 MHz and
dan harus mempunyai gain kontrol step 2.0 shall be equipped with a stepped gain
dB atau kurang. control in units of 2.0 dB or less.
Instrumen dengan frequensi lain bisa Instrument operating at other frequencies
digunakan, jika setara atau lebih baik may be used, if equal or better sensitivity
sensitivitasnya dapat didemonstrasikan dan can be demonstrated and documented.
didokumentasikan.
7.2 Search units 7.2 Search units
7.2.1 Frequensi transducer harus diantara 1 7.2.1 The frequencies of the transducer shall be
MHz sampai 4 MHz. from 1 MHz to 4 Mhz.
7.2.2 Search Unit untuk Weld Metal Overlay 7.2.2 Search Unit for Weld Metal Overlay
Cladding harus menggunakan Dual Cladding shall use Dual element, straight
element, staright beam search unit beam search unit using an angled pitch-
menggunakan sudut teknik pitch-catch. catch technique. The included angle
Termasuk sudut antara elemen search unit between the search unit’s elements shall
harus sedemikian rupa sehingga jarak be such that the effective focal spot
effective focal spot adalah terkonsentrasi distance is centered in area of interest.
dalam area yang diperhatikan.
7.2.3 Pengujian harus dilaksanakan hanya 7.2.3 Examination shall be performed with
dengan mode gelombang shear dari probes only shear wave mode which the angle
yang sudut nominalnya di material carbon beam search units whose nominal angles
steel and low alloy steel adalah 45, 60, 70 in the carbon steel and low alloy steel
derajat dan mode gelombang longitudinal material are 45, 60, 70 deg. and
probe normal dengan teknik kontak longitudinal wave mode straight beam
langsung. Ukuran probe yang digunakan, search unit using direct contact
probe sudut 8x9 mm dan probe normal technique. Angle beam search units
dengan diameter 10 mm. dimension 8x9 mm and straight beam
search diameter 10 mm shall be used.
Ukuran probe selain yang disebut bisa The other stated search unit dimensions
digunakan, jika sensitivitas setara atau may be used, if equal or better sensitivity
lebih baik dapat didemonstrasikan dan
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didokumentasikan. can be demonstrated and documented.


7.2.4 Direkomendasikan untuk Angle beam 7.2.4 It is recommended for Angle beam
search unit menambah sepatu (sepatu 3 search units that an extra wear plate (3
mm mika) pada probe, dengan mm plexi glass probe shoe) be attached
menggunakan lem super glue, sebelum to the probe, using Eastman/super glue,
mulai proses penyetelan. Kemudian yang before starting the fitting process. Fitting
digosok adalah sepatu flexi glasnya. then takes place using the plexiglas probe
Harus hati–hati supaya tidak ada udara shoe. Care is to be taken that no bubbles
yang terjebak ketika proses pengeleman are trapped in the glue where the shoe
tersebut. adheres to the probe.
7.2.5 Toleransi yang dizinkan dari sudut beam 7.2.5 A tolerance of +2°/-0° in beam angle is
adalah +2°/-0°. Jika deviasi dari sudut permissible. Where the beam angle
beam melebihi toleransi ini, harus deviation exceeds this tolerance, it is to
dibetulkan dengan cara menggerinda salah be corrected by grinding more at one end
satu ujung dari permukaan sepatu. of the wear probe shoe.

7.2.6 Pemilihan probe 7.2.6 Search Unit selection

Material Probe Angle Material Probe Angle


Thickness Thickness
 25 mm 600 and/or 700  25 mm 600 and/or 700
45 0 and 60 0 or 45 0 and 60 0 or
>25 mm >25 mm
45 0 and 70 0 45 0 and 70 0
7.2.7 Penggunaan kombinasi probe selain yang 7.2.7 Using other search unit combinations as
disebut diatas diizinkan, asalkan seluruh mentioned above are permitted, provided
volume dari bagian yang di uji bisa the whole volume of part examined can
tercakup. be covered.

7.3 Couplant 7.3 Couplant


7.3.1 Couplant yang mempunyai karakteristik 7.3.1 Couplant having good wetting
pelicin seperti oli mesin SAE 20 sampai characteristics such as SAE 20 to 30
30, grease, Carboxyl Methyl Cellulose machine oil, grease, Carboxyl Methyl
( C.M.C.) dicampur dengan glycerin (80% Cellulose ( C.M.C.) mixed with glycerin
glycerin konsentrasi) atau C.M.C. harus (more than 80% concentration of
digunakan. glycerin) or C.M.C. shall be used.
7.3.2 Couplant yang digunakan untuk pengujian 7.3.2 The couplant for examination shall be the
harus sama dengan couplant yang same with the couplant used in
digunakan saat kalibrasi. calibration

7.4 Blok Kalibrasi 7.4 Calibration Block


7.4.1 Reflectors 7.4.1 Reflectors
Blok kalibrasi reflektor ( seperti side The basic calibration reflectors ( i.e., side
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drilled holes, flat bottom holes, notches,dll drilled holes, flat bottom holes, notches,
) harus digunakan untuk menentukan etc. ) shall be used to establish a primary
primary reference response dari alat. reference response of the equipment. An
Sebuah alternative reflector boleh alternative reflector(s) may be used
digunakan asalkan menghasilkan provided that the alternative reflector(s)
sensitivity sama atau lebih bagus dari produce sensitivity equal to greater than
reflector yang disebut ( seperti side drilled the specified reflector(s) ( e.g., side
holes sebagai ganti dari notches, flat drilled holes in lieu of notches, flat
bottom holes sebagai ganti dari side bottom holes in lieu of side drilled holes
drilled holes ). ).

7.4.2 Blok Material 7.4.2 Block Material


7.4.2.1 Material dari blok kalibrasi harus dibuat 7.4.2.1 The material from which the block is
dari bentuk produk yang sama, dan fabricated shall be of the same product
spesifikasi material yang sama atau P– form, and material specification or
number yang setara dengan material yang equivalent P-number grouping of the
akan di dites. Yang dimaksud di paragraf materials being examined. For the
ini, P-Nos. 1. 3. 4, 5A sampai 5C, dan purposes of the paragraph, P-Nos. 1. 3. 4,
15A sampai 15F adalah bisa dianggap 5A through 5C, and 15A through 15F
setara. materials are considering equivalent.
7.4.2.2 b. Kalibrasi blok untuk material yang 7.4.2.2 Calibration blocks for dissimilar metals
berbeda, pemilihan material harus weld, the material selection shall be base
berdasarkan pada material yang dimana on the material on the side of the weld
pengujian akan dilaksanakan; jika from which the examination will be
pengujian akan dilaksanakan dari kedua conducted; if the examination will be
belah sisi reflektor kalibrasi harus dibuat conducted from both side, calibration
dengan kedua material tersebut. Jika dua reflector shall be provided in both
atau lebih ketebalan dalam suatu materials. Where two or more base
pengujian, reflektor kalibrasi harus material thickness are involved, the
ditentukan dengan rata–rata dari ketebalan calibration reflector shall be determined
lasan tsb. by the average thickness of the weld.
7.4.2.3 Blok kalibrasi harus menerima perlakuan 7.4.2.3 The calibration block shall receive at
tempering minimum sesuai dengan yang least the minimum tempering treatment
dibutuhkan dari spesifikasi material untuk required by the material specification for
type dan grade. Jika calibration block the type and grade. If calibration block
mengandung lasan selain cladding, dan cotains welds other than cladding, and the
komponen las pada waktu pengujian telah component weld at the time of
di heat treatment, block juga harus examination has been heat treated, the
menerima perlakuan heat treatment yang block shall receive the same heat
sama. treatment.
7.4.2.4 Permukaan blok kalibrasi harus mewakili 7.4.2.4 The finish on the surfaces of the block
permukaan komponen yang diuji. shall be representative of the surface
finish on the components.
7.4.2.5 Blok kalibrasi harus diuji dengan probe 7.4.2.5 The calibration block material shall be
normal. Area yang mengandung indikasi completely examined with a straight
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cacat melebihi refleksi backwall harus beam search unit. Area that contains an
dibuang pada jarak beam yang dibutuhkan, indication exceeding the remaining back
untuk menghindari pantulan yang reflection shall be excluded from the
bervariasi dan membingungkan. beam paths required to reach the various
calibration reflectors.
7.4.2.6 Cladding 7.4.2.6 Cladding
a. Pemilihan Block. Block yang difabrikasi a. Block selection. The material from
harus dari material salah satu dari yang which the block is fabricated shall be
berikut ini : from one of the following :
1. Nozzle yang dipotong dari component 1. Nozzle dropout from the component
2. Perpanjangan dari component 2. A component prolongation
3. Material dari yang sama spesifikasinya, 3. Material of the same specification,
bentuk produknya, dan kondisi heat product form, and heattreatment
treatment seperti material yang mana condition as the material to which the
search unit akan diaplikasikan selama search unit is applied during the
dalam pengujian. examination.
b. Clad. b. Clad.
Jika material komponennya adalah clad Where the component material is clad
dan cladding menjadi faktor selama and cladding is a factor during
pengujian, block harus juga diclad ke examination, the block shall be clad to
komponen, tebal nominal clad ± 1/8 in ( 3 the component, clad nominal thickness ±
mm ). Desposisi dari clad harus sama 1/8 in ( 3 mm ). Deposition of clad shall
methodenya ( seperti rol-bond, manual be the same method ( i.e., rol-bond,
weld deposited, automatic wire deposited, manual weld deposited, automatic wire
or automatic strip deposited ) seperti deposited, or automatic strip deposited )
dipakai clad komponen yang di uji. Jika as used to clad the component to be
method cladding tidak diketahui, desposisi examined. When the cladding method is
cladding boleh dengan cara methode not known, deposition of cladding may
manual. be by the manual method.
Note : untuk informasi – informasi lainnya Note : for other informations are not
yang tidak disebut dalam procedure ini specified in this procedure, shall refer to
harus harus merujuk ke ASME Code the ASME Code section V, par. 434.1.4
section V, par. 434.1.4
7.4.3 Block Bentuk Curva. 7.4.3 Block Curvature.
Material dengan Diameter lebih Besar Materials with Diameters Greater
dari 20 inci (508 mm). Than 20 inches (508 mm).
7.4.3.1 Untuk pengujian pada material dimana 7.4.3.1 For examination in materials where the
surface diameter lebih besar dari 20 inches examination surface diameter is greater
(508 mm),harus menggunakan blok yang than 20 inches (508 mm),a block of
mendekati bentuk curvanya, atau alternatif essentially the same curvature, or
dengan flat (lihat Fig. 1 B). alternatively, flat basic calibration block
(see Fig.1 B), shall be used.
7.4.3.2 Untuk menguji permukaan material cekung 7.4.3.2 For examination convex surface materials
kedalam dengan diameter lebih besar dari with diameter greater than 20 inches (508
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20 inches (508 mm), dengan menggunakan mm), using flat basic calibration block,
basic calibration block flat, pengaturan adjustment of receiver gain may be
gain diperlukan. required.

7.4.4 Block Bentuk Curva. 7.4.4 Block Curvature.


Material dengan Diameter 20 inci (508 Materials with Diameters 20 inches
mm) dan Lebih Kecil. (508 mm) and Less.
Blok kalibrasi harus dibentuk curva untuk The basic calibration block shall be
material dengan diameter 508 mm dan curved for materials with diameters 508
lebih kecil. Kecuali yang di nyatakan mm and less. Except where otherwise
dalam paragrap ini, single blok kalibrasi states in this article, a single curved basic
bentuk curva boleh digunakan untuk calibration block may be used to calibrate
mengkalibrasi surface benda uji dengan the examination on surfaces in the range
range dari curva mulai 0,9 sampai 1,5 kali of curvature from 0.9 to 1.5 times the
blok kalibrasi diameter. basic calibration block diameter.

7.4.5 Non-Piping Calibration Block 7.4.5 Non-Piping Calibration Block


7.4.5.1 Basic calibration block configurasi, 7.4.5.1 Basic calibration block configuration,
reflectors dan thickness harus seperti Fig. 1 reflectors and thickness shall be as
B ( T-434.2.1). Ukuran block dan lokasi shown in Fig. 1 B ( T-434.2.1). The block
reflector harus cukup untuk melakukan size and reflector locations shall be
kalibrasi dengan probe sudut dan dengan adequate to perform calibrations for beam
jarak range yang dipakai. angle(s) and distance range(s) to be used.
7.4.5.2 Range Ketebalan Block. 7.4.5.2 Block Thickness Range.
Jika block thickness ± 1 inch ( 25 mm ) When the block thickness ± 1 inch ( 25
diantara range dua weld thickness sepert mm ) spans two weld thickness ranges
pada Fig. 1 B ( T-434.2.1 ), block yang shown in Fig. 1 B ( T-434.2.1 ), the
digunakan harus diterima pada porsi diatas block’s use shall be acceptable in those
dari masing – masing thickness range portions of each thickness range coverage
dengan 1 inch ( 25 mm ) dari thickness by 1 inch ( 25 mm ) of calibration block’s
calibration block. thickness.
Contoh, calibration block dengan As an example, a calibration block
thickness 1.5 inch ( 38 mm ) bisa di with thickness of 1.5 inch ( 38 mm )
gunakan untuk thickness lasan 0.5 inch ( could be used for weld thickness of 0.5
13 mm ) sampai 2.5 inch ( 64 mm ). inch ( 13 mm ) to 2.5 inch ( 64 mm ).

7.4.6 Piping Calibration Block 7.4.6 Piping Calibration Blocks


a. Basic calibration block configurasi dan a. The basic calibration block configuration
reflector harus seperti pada Fig 1 C ( T- and reflectors shall be as shown in Fig 1
434.3-1 ) sebagai alternative seperti pada C ( T-434.3-1 ) or the alternate provided
Fig 1 D ( T-434.3-2.) in Fig 1 D ( T-434.3-2.)
b. Thickness T, harus didalam range ± 25% b. Thickness T, shall be ± 25% of the
dari thickness nominal dari componen nominal thickness of component to be
yang di uji. Ukuran block dan lokasi examined. The block size and reflector
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reflector harus cukup untuk melakukan locations shall be adequate to perform


kalibrasi dengan probe sudut dan dengan calibrations for beam angle(s) and
jarak range yang dipakai. distance range(s) to be used.

7.4.7 Weld Metal Overlay Cladding 7.4.7 Weld Metal Overlay Cladding
Calibration Blocks Calibration Blocks
7.4.7.1 Calibration Block untuk Teknik satu. 7.4.7.1 Calibration Block for Technique One.
Konfigurasi dari Calibration block dan The calibration block configuration and
reflector harus seperti yang ditunjukkan di reflectors shall be as shown in Fig. T-
Fig. T-434.4.1. Salah satu side drilled hole 434.4.1. Either a side drilled hole or flat
atau flat bottom hole boleh digunakan. bottom hole may be used. The thickness
Tebal dari weld metal overlay cladding of the weld metal overlay cladding shall
harus paling sedikit setebal yang diuji. be at least as thick as to be examined.
Tebal dari material dasarnya harus paling The thickness of the base material shall
sedikit dua kali ketebalan dari weld metal be at least twice the thickness of the weld
overlay cladding. metal overlay cladding.
7.4.7.2 Alternative Calibration Block untuk 7.4.7.2 Alternate Calibration Blocks for
Teknik satu. Technique One.
Alternative Calibration Blocks seperti Alternately, calibration blocks as shown
ditunjukkan di Fig. T-434.4.2.1 dan Fig. in Fig. T-434.4.2.1 and Fig. T-434.4.2.2
T-434.4.2.2 boleh digunakan. Tebal dari may be used. The thickness of the weld
weld metal overlay cladding harus paling metal overlay cladding shall be at least as
sedikit setebal yang diuji. Tebal dari thick as to be examined. The thickness of
material dasarnya harus paling sedikit dua the base material shall be at least twice
kali ketebalan dari weld metal overlay the thickness of the weld metal overlay
cladding. cladding.
7.4.7.3 Calibration Block for Teknik dua 7.4.7.3 Calibration Block for Technique Two.
Konfigurasi dari Calibration block dan The calibration block configuration and
reflector harus seperti gambar yang reflectors shall be as shown in Fig. T-
ditunjukkan di Fig. T-434.4.3. Flat bottom 434.4.3. A flat bottom hole drilled to the
hole di bor sampai perbatasan lasan / base weld / base metal interface shall be used.
metal yang digunakan. Hole ini boleh di This hole may be drilled from the base
bor dari sisi base material atau weld metal material or weld metal overlay cladding
overlay cladding. Tebal dari weld metal side. The thickness of the weld metal
overlay cladding harus paling sedikit overlay cladding shall be at least as thick
setebal yang diuji. Tebal dari material as to be examined. The thickness of the
dasarnya harus dalam range 1 in ( 25 mm ) base metal shall be within 1 in ( 25 mm )
dari ketebalan calibration block jika of the calibration block thickness when
pengujian dilaksanakan dari permukaan the examination is performed from the
base material. Tebal dari material dasarnya base material surface. The thickness of
harus paling sedikit dua kali ketebalan dari the base material shall be at least twice
weld metal overlay cladding jika pengujian the thickness of the weld metal overlay
dilaksanakan dari permukaan weld metal cladding when the examination is
overlay cladding surface. performed from the weld metal overlay
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cladding surface.

7.4.8 Calibration Block untuk Nozzle Side 7.4.8 Nozzle Side Weld Fusion and/or
Weld Fusion dan/atau Nozzle Parent Adjacent Nozzle Parent Metal
Metal yang berdekatan Calibration Block.
7.4.8.1 Configurasi calibration block harus seperti 7.4.8.1 The calibration block configuration shall
pada Fig. 1 I ( T-434.5.1 ). Ukuran block be as shown in Fig. 1 I ( T-434.5.1 ). The
dan lokasi reflector harus mencukupi untuk block size and reflector locations shall be
melakukan kalibrasi pada nozzle side weld adequate to perform calibrations to cover
fusion zone dan/atau nozzle parent metal the nozzle side weld fusion zone and/or
yang berdekatan. the adjacent nozzle parent metal.
7.4.8.2 Block thickness harus maximum thickness 7.4.8.2 The block thickness shall be the
dari nozzle wall yang dekat ke nozzle maximum thickness of the nozzle wall
weld plus 0.75 inch ( 19 mm ) adjacent to nozzle weld plus 0.75 inch (
19 mm )
7.4.8.3 Untuk pengujian nozzle gengan diameter ( 7.4.8.3 For examinations of nozzle with an
ID ) sama atau lebih kecil dari than 20 diameter ( ID ) equal to or less than 20
inches (508 mm), block contact surface inches (508 mm), the contact surface of
harus mempunyai curva yang sama atau calibration block shall have the same
dalam range 0.9 to 1.5 kali diameter cuvature or within the range of 0.9 to 1.5
seperti detail pada Fig. 1 A ( 434.1.7.2 ) times the diameter as detailed in Fig. 1 A
( 434.1.7.2 )
7.4.8.4 Calibration reflector harus side- drilled 7.4.8.4 The calibration reflectors shall be side-
hole sesuai dengan persyaratan pada Fig. 1 drilled hole(s) that are in accordance with
B ( T-434.2.1) untuk nozzle wall thickness the requirements of Fig. 1 B ( T-434.2.1)
for the nozzle wall thickness
7.4.8.5 Alternative Calibration block yang ada 7.4.8.5 The alternative calibration blocks may be
bisa digunakan untuk pengujian yang used for similar types of examinations
typenya sejenis asalkan jarak sound path provided the sound path distance(s) to the
ke reflector dalam range 0.25 inch ( 6 mm block’s reflector(s) is (are) within 0.25
) yang dipersyaratkan dan side-drilled hole inch ( 6 mm ) of what is required and the
sama atau diameternya lebih kecil dari side-drilled hole(s) is (are) the same or a
yang dipersyaratkan. smaller diameter than what required.

8 Procedure 8 Procedure
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation.
8.1.1 Base Metal (permukaan kontak) 8.1.1 Base Metal (contact surface)
Base metal pada setiap sisi lasan harus The base metal on each side of the weld
bebas dari spater, permukaan yang tidak shall be free of weld spatter, surface
teratur, atau benda asing yang mungkin irregularities, or foreign matter that might
mengganggu dalam pengujian. interfere with the examination.
8.1.2 Weld Metals. 8.1.2 Weld Metals.
Jika permukaan lasan mengganggu dalam Where the weld surfaces interfere with
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pengujian, lasan harus di persiapkan the examination, the weld shall be


secukupnya supaya tidak mengganggu prepared as needed to permit examination
dalam pengujian (sesuai peraturan (as a rule, weld surface should be
permukaan bisa di buat/digerinda sampai finished up to the same surface as the
rata dengan permukaan base metal). base metal).
Persiapan permukaan dengan mesin The method of surface preparation may
gerinda atau mesin proses be by grinding or machining.

9 Calibration Alat 9 Instrument Calibration


9.1 Instrumen Lineariti 9.1 Instrument Linearity
9.1.1 Lineariti ketinggian Screen 9.1.1 Screen height linearity
Ultrasonic instrumen harus menunjukkan The ultrasonic instrument shall provide
linearitas ketinggian screen sesuai dengan screen height linearity in accordance with
ASME Section V dan PT. NORTHEAST ASME Section V and PT. NORTHEAST
STAR NDT Calibration Procedure. STAR NDT’s Calibration Procedure.

9.1.2 Lineariti Kontrol Amplitudo 9.1.2 Amplitude control linearity


Instrumen ultrasonic harus menggunakan The ultrasonic instrument shall utilize an
control akurasi amplitudo dalam range amplitude control accurate over its useful
±20% dari perbandingan nominal range to ±20% of the nominal amplitude
amplitudo, untuk memungkinkan ratio, to allow measurement of indications
mengukur indikasi-indikasi diluar range beyond the linear range of the vertical
display on the screen. The procedure for
dari vertikal display pada screen. Prosedur
evaluating amplitude control linearity in
yang mengevaluasi lineariti control accordance with ASME Section V and PT.
amplitudo sesuai dengan ASME Section V NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Calibration
dan PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Procedure.
Calibration Procedure.

10 Kalibrasi System 10 System Calibration


10.1 Persyaratan Umum Kalibrasi 10.1 General Calibration Requirements
a. Kalibrasi harus meliputi semua sistem a. Calibration shall include the complete
pengujian alat ultrasonic dan harus ultrasonic examination system and shall
dilaksanakan sebelum system digunakan be performed prior to use of the system in
dalam range thickness dalam pengujian. the thickness range under examination
b. Permukaan kalibrasi. Kalibrasi harus b. Calibration surface. Calibration shall be
dilaksanakan dari permukaan ( clad atau performed from the surface ( clad or unclad;
tidak clad; cembung atau cekung ) sesuai convex or cocave ) corresponding to the
dengan permukaan dari komponen yang surface of the component from which the
examination will be performed
akan dilaksanakannya pengujian.
c. Pelapisan kontak. Pelapisan kontak yang c. Contact wedges. The same contact
sama harus digunakan selama pengujian wedges to be used during the
dan kalibrasi. examination shall be used for calibration.
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10.2 Temperature 10.2 Temperature


Untuk pengujian sistem kontak, beda For contact examination, the temperature
temperatur antara basic calibration block differential between basic calibration
dan permukaan benda yang di uji harus block and examination surfaces surface
dalam range dari 25 0F ( 14C ). shall be within 25 0F ( 14C ).
10.3 Kalibrasi untuk selain Piping 10.3 Calibration for Non Piping
Kalibrasi harus dilaksanakan Calibrations shall be performed utilizing
menggunakan calibration block seperti the calibration block shown in Fig. T-
pada Fig. T-434.2.1. 434.2.1.
10.3.1 Kalibrasi Probe Normal 10.3.1 Straight Beam Calibration
2
Kalibrasi harus meliputi pengukuran The calibration shall provide the
sebagai berikut. following measurements.
10.3.1.1 Kalibrasi Jarak (lihat Fig. 4, sebagai 10.3.1.1 Distance Range Calibration (see Fig. 4,
contoh) for example)
Kalibrasi dari pengukuran beam path bisa Calibration of beam path measurement
digunakan control range dengan may use range control by positioning of
memposisikan refleksi dari backwall blok the block back wall reflection to the
untuk pembagian divisi yang sama untuk distance division number (or multiple)
tebal yang diukur dari blok IIW V1 atau equal to the measured thickness of IIW
V2 atau blok standar yang setara. VI or V2 or equivalent standard test
block.
10.3.1.2 Sensitivity Probe Normal 10.3.1.2 Straight Beam Sensitivity
a. Tidak dengan DAC a. Non DAC
Sweep horizontal harus diatur pada jarak The horizontal sweep shall be adjusted
kalibrasi sehingga menghasilkan paling for distance calibration to present the
tidak dua pulsa yang setara ketebalan pada equivalent of at least two plate
layer. thicknesses on the display.
Sensitivitassnya harus diatur pada lokasi Sensitivity shall be adjusted at a location
yang bebas dari indikasi sehingga pantulan free of indications so that the first back
pertama dari sisi terjauh dari pelat berada reflection from the far side of the plate
pada 50% sampai 75% Full Screen will be 50 % ~ 75 % of Full Screen
Height. Height.
b. DAC b. DAC.
Pengaturan Sensitivity menggunakan Sensitivity adjustment using DAC shall
DAC harus mengikuti Fig. no. 5 follow as shown in Fig. no. 5

10.3.2 Teknik Kalibrasi Probe Sudut 10.3.2 Angel Beam Calibration Technique
Sesuai ketentuan, minimum kalibrasi harus As applicable, the calibration shall
meliputi pengukuran 2 berikut: provide the following measurements.
10.3.2.1 Kalibrasi Jarak ( lihat Fig. 6 atau 7 ) 10.3.2.1 Distance Range Calibration (see Fig. 6
or 7)
Kalibrasi jarak harus di atur untuk Horizontal Sweep shall be adjusted to
mewakili aktual sound path dengan represent the actual sound path distance
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menggunakan IIW – V1 atau IIW – V2. by using IIW – V1 or IIW – V2.


Kalibrati jarak ( contoh ) harus The distance calibration ( for example )
menggunakan skala 4 inch ( 100 mm ). shall be made using the 4 inch ( 100 mm
Kalibrasi jarak yang lainnya bisa ) scale. The other distance calibrations
digunakan dengan mempertimbangkan may be used in respect to the joint
joint configuration atau thickness of configuration or thickness of component
component yang di uji examined.
10.3.2.2 Koreksi Jarak-Amplitudo ( DAC ) 10.3.2.2 Distance-Amplitude Correction( DAC )
Tidak ada satu titikpun pada kurva DAC No point on the DAC curve shall be less
kurang dari 20% full screen height (FSH). than 20% of full screen height (FSH).
Jika ada porsi pada kurva DAC kurang dari When any portion of the DAC curve will
20% FSH, harus menggunakan split DAC. fall below 20% FSH, a split DAC shall be
Kalibrasi reflektor pertama pada DAC ke used. The first calibration reflector on the
dua harus mulai pada 80% ± 5% FSH. second DAC shall start at 80% ± 5%
Jika perbandingan reflector signal-to-noise FSH. When reflector signal-to-noise ratio
tidak menghalangi evaluasi efektive precludes effective indication evaluation
inmdikasi dan karakterisasi, maka split and characterization, a split DAC should
DAC boleh titdak digunakan. (Article 4, not be used. (Article 4, Nonmandatory
Nonmandatory Appendix Q tersedia Appendix Q provides an example.)
sebagai contoh.)
a. Posisi dari probe ( lihat Fig.8 ) untuk a. Position the search unit ( see Fig 8 ) for
respon maksimum : maximum response :
- dari SDH di kedalaman ¾ dari ketebalan - from SDH at depth the ¾ block
blok, untuk bahan dengan ketebalan t < 25 thickness, for material thickness t < 25
mm mm
- dari SDH di kedalaman ¼ atau ¾ dari - from SDH at depth ¼ or ¾ block
ketebalan blok, untuk bahan dengan thickness, for material thickness t > 25
ketebalan t > 25 mm mm
- Selain yang disebutkan sesuai referensi - The other mentioned above reference
SDH di atas dapat di pilih, memberikan SDH may be selected, provided the
cakupan untuk dilakukan pengujian. coverage testing can be performed.
Catatan: Note :
SDH singkatan Lubang Bor Side SDH stands for Side Drill Hole
SDH diatas disebut sebagai referensi SDH The above SDH is called as reference
SDH.
b. Atur sensitivity control untuk b. Adjust the sensitivity control to provide
menghasilkan indikasi 80% (5% tinggi 80% (5% of full screen height)
full screen) dari referensi SDH. indication from the reference SDH.
Tandai ujung indikasi pada screen. Catat Mark the peak of the indication on the
dB dari SDH referensi, dB tersebut screen. Record the dB from the reference
dianggap sebagai referensi level. SDH, the dB is considered as reference
level.
c. Atur sensitivity control untuk c. Adjusting the sensitivity control to
menghasilkan indikasi 40% dari tinggi full provide 40% of full screen height or 50
screen atau 50% DAC (5%), dengan % DAC (5%) , by reducing 6 dB from
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mengurangi 6 dB dari referensi level. the reference level.


Tandai ujung indikasi pada screen Mark the peak of the indications on the
screen.
d. Atur sensitivity control untuk d. Adjusting the sensitivity control to
menghasilkan indikasi 16% dari tinggi full provide 16% of full screen height or 20
screen atau 20% DAC (5%), dengan % DAC (5%), by reducing 14 dB from
mengurangi 14 dB dari referensi level. the reference level.
Tandai ujung indikasi pada screen Mark the peak of the indications on the
screen.
e. Tanpa merubah Control Range pengaturan, e. Without changing the Range Control
Atur sensitivity control terhadap referensi adjustment, adjusting the sensitivity
level, maka posisi dari probe adalah control to the reference level, then
maksimum respon dari SDH lainnya. position the search unit for maximum
response from another SDHs .
f. Ulangi langkah 10.4.2.2, 10.4.2.3 dan f. Repeat the step 10.4.2.2, 10.4.2.3 and
10.4.2.4 diatas. Tandai respon tergambar 10.4.2.4 above. Connect the screen marks
di screen terhadap sisi SDH yang dibor respond from the side drilled SDHs to
untuk mendapatkan kurva panjang provide the distance amplitude curve (
amplitude ( DAC ). DAC ).
g. Hubungkan tanda–tanda dari respon side- g. Connect the screen marks respond from
drilled hole di screen untuk menghasilkan the side-drilled holes to provide the
distance amplitude curve (DAC). distance amplitude (DAC) curve.
h. Pengukuran Amplitudo Echo dari h. Echo Amplitude Measurement from
Notch Permukaan pada Blok Kalibrasi the Surface Notch in the Basic
(lihat Fig. 9) Calibration Block (see Fig. 9)
1. Posisikan probe untuk menghasilkan 1. Position the search unit for maximum
amplitudo maximum dari notch kotak di amplitude from the square notch on the
permukaan dibaliknya, tandai “X“ pada opposite surface, “X” mark the peak of
ujung indikasi pada screen dari notch the indication on the screen from the
tersebut. notch.
2. Notch kotak di permukaan dibaliknya 2. The opposite surface square notch may
mungkin bisa memberi indikasi 2 banding give an indication 2 to 1 above DAC at
1 diatas DAC dari probe 450 and ½ DAC at 450 probe and ½ DAC at 600 probe.
probe 600. Oleh karena itu, indikasi dari Therefore, the indication from the square
notch harus diperhatikan saat notch must be consider when evaluating
mengevaluasi reflektor2 pada posisi reflectors at the opposite surface.
permukaan dibaliknya.

10.3.3 Alternative Kalibrasi Probe Sudut 10.3.3 Alternative Angle Beam Calibration
Jika vessel atau konponen lainnya terbuat When a vessel or other component is
dari ketebalan ½ in. ( 13 mm ) atau kurang made with a thickness of ½ in. ( 13 mm )
dan diameter sama atau kurang dari 20 in. ( or less and a diameter equal to or less
500 mm ), system kalibrasi probe sudut than 20 in. ( 500 mm ), the angle beam
untuk teknik DAC bisa dilaksanakan system calibrations for distance-
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menggunakan persyaratan dari par. 10.4.2 amplitude technique may be performed


using the requirement of par. 10.4.2

10.4 Kalibrasi untuk Piping 10.4 Calibration for Piping


10.4.1 Kalibrasi Probe Normal 10.4.1 Straight Beam Calibration
Teknik untuk kalibrasi probe normal haurs Technique for straight beam calibration
dilaksanakan sesuai dengan Par. 10.3.1 , shall be performed in according to Par.
dengan menggunakan calibration block 10.3.1 , using the piping calibration
piping, lihat Fig 1 C ( T-434.3.1 ) atau blocks, see Fig 1 C ( T-434.3.1 ) or the
alternative pada Fig 1 D ( T-434.3.2.) alternate provided in Fig 1 D ( T-
434.3.2.)
10.4.2 Kalibrasi Probe Sudut Dengan Notch, 10.4.2 Angle Beam Calibration With Notches,
Fig 1 C ( T-434.3.1 ) Fig 1 C ( T-434.3.1 )
Probe sudut harus diarahkan ke notch The angle beam shall be directed toward
untuk menghasilkan respon maximum. the notch that yields the maximum
Gain control diatur sedemikian rupa response. The gain control shall be set so
sehingga respon pada 80% ± 5% FSH. Ini that this response is 80% ± 5% of FSH.
disebut sebagai primary reference level. This shall be the primary reference level.
Tanpa merubah setting alat, probe di gerak The search unit shall be manipulated,
– gerakkan, untuk menghasilkan respon without changing instrument settings, to
maximum dari reflector lainnya secara obtain the maximum responses from the
bertahap untuk mendapatkan 3 point curva calibration reflectors at the distance
distance-amplitude correction ( DAC ). inrements necessary to generate a three-
Kalibrasi terpisah harus dilaksanakan point distance-amplitude correction (
untuk arah memanjang dan melingkar dari DAC ) curve. Separate calibration shall
notch. be established for both the axial and
Dan calibrasi ini harus menghasikan circumferential notches. These
keduanya distance range calibration dan calibrations shall establish both the
distance-amplitude correction. distance range calibration and the
distance-amplitude correction.
10.4.3 Kalibrasi dengan Side Drilled Holes, 10.4.3 Calibration With Side Drilled Holes,
Fig 1 D ( T-434.3.2 ) Fig 1 D ( T-434.3.2 )
Probe sudut harus diarahkan ke side drilled The angle beam shall be directed toward
hole untuk menghasilkan respon the side drilled hole that yields the
maximum. Gain control diatur sedemikian maximum response. The gain control
rupa sehingga respon pada 80% ± 5% shall be set so that this response is 80% ±
FSH. Ini disebut sebagai primary reference 5% of FSH. This shall be the primary
level. Tanpa merubah setting alat, probe di reference level. The search unit shall the
gerak – gerakkan, untuk menghasilkan be manipulated, without changing
respon maximum dari reflector lainnya instrument settings, to obtain the
secara bertahap untuk mendapatkan 3 T maximum responses from the calibration
curva distance-amplitude correction ( DAC reflectors atthe distance inrements
), dimana T adalah tebal dari calibration necessary to generate up to a 3T
block. Kemudian, posisikan probe untuk distance-amplitude correction ( DAC )
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mendapatkan respon maximum dari notch curve, wher T is the thickness of the
permukaan dan tandai pulsa tertinggi pada calibration block. Next, position the
screen hal ini untuk pertimbangan jika search unit for maximum response for the
mengevaluasi dari reflector permukaan. surface notch positions and marks the
Kalibrasi terpisah harus dilaksanakan peaks on the screen for consideration
untuk arah memanjang dan melingkar dari when evaluating sruface reflectors.
notch. Separate calibration shall be established
Dan calibrasi ini harus menghasikan for both the axial and circumferential
keduanya distance range calibration dan scans. These calibrations shall establish
distance-amplitude correction both the distance range calibration and
the distance-amplitude correction.

10.5 Kalibrasi untuk Weld Metal Overlay 10.5 Calibration For Weld Metal Overlay
Cladding Cladding
10.5.1 Teknik kalibrasi ke satu. 10.5.1 Calibration for Technique One.
Kalibrasi harus menggunakan calibration Calibrations shall be utilizing the
block sepaerti pada Fig. 1E ( T-434.4.1 ). calibration block shown in Fig. 1E ( T-
Probe diposisikan untuk mendapatkan 434.4.1 ). The search unit shall be
respon maximum dari calibration reflector. positioned for maximum response from
Jika side drilled hole yang digunakan the calibration reflector. When side
untuk kalibrasi, permukaan sisi pemisah drilled hole is used for calibration, the
dari element probe dual harus diposisikan plane separating elements of dual element
paralel dengan as dari hole. Gain control search unit shall be positioned paralel to
diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga respon the axis of the hole. The gain control
pada 80% ± 5% FSH. Ini disebut sebagai shall be set so that this response is 80% ±
primary reference level. 5% of FSH. This shall be the primary
reference level.

10.5.2 Teknik kalibrasi ke dua. 10.5.2 Calibration for Technique Two.


Kalibrasi harus menggunakan calibration Calibrations shall be utilizing the
block seperti pada Fig. 1 H ( T-434.4.3 ). calibration block shown in Fig. 1 H ( T-
Probe diposisikan untuk mendapatkan 434.4.3 ). The search unit shall be
respon maximum yang didapat dari positioned for maximum response of the
reflector bottom pertama. first resolvable indication from the
Gain control diatur sedemikian rupa bottom of the calibration reflector. The
sehingga respon pada 80% ± 5% FSH. Ini gain control shall be set so that this
disebut sebagai primary reference level. response is 80% ± 5% of FSH. This shall
be the primary reference level.

10.5.2 Alternative Kalibrasi Untuk Teknik ke 10.5.2 Alternative Calibration for Technique
satu. One.
Kalibrasi harus menggunakan calibration Calibrations shall be performed utilizing
block seperti pada Fig. 1 F ( T-434.4.2.1 ) the calibration blocks shown in Fig. 1 F (
or Fig. 1 G ( T-434.4.2.2 ). T-434.4.2.1 ) or Fig. 1 G ( T-434.4.2.2 ).
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Kalibrasi harus dilaksanakan seperti The calibration shall be performed as


berikut : follows:
a. Probe diposisikan untuk mendapatkan a. The search unit shall be positioned for
respon maximum adri reflector yang maximum response from the reflector,
memberikan amplitude tertinggi. which gives the highest amplitude.
b. Jika menggunakan calibration block Fig. 1 b. When the calibration block Fig. 1 G ( T-
G ( T-434.4.2.2 ) permukaan sisi pemisah 434.4.2.2 ) is used the plane separating
dari element probe dual harus diposisikan elements of dual element search unit shall
paralel dengan as dari hole. be positioned paralel to the axis of the
hole.
c. Gain control diatur sedemikian rupa c. The gain control shall be set so that this
sehingga respon pada 80% ± 5% FSH. Ini response is 80% ± 5% of FSH. This shall
disebut sebagai primary reference level. be the primary reference level. Mark the
Beri tanda peak tertinggi di screen peak on the screen
d. Tanpa merubah setting alat, probe di d. Without changing instrument settings,
posisikan untuk menghasilkan respon position search unit for maximum
maximum dari setiap reflector lainnya dan responses from each of the other
beri tanda semua peak yang didapat pada reflectors and mark their peaks on the
screen. screen.
e. Sambungkan semua tanda – tanda di e. Connect the screen marks for each
screen untuk mendapatkan curva DAC. reflector to provide and DAC curve.

10.6 Kalibrasi untuk Nozzle Zone Fusi dari 10.6 Calibration For Nozzle Side Weld
lasan dan / atau yang berdekatan Fusion Zone And / Or Adjacent Nozzle
dengan material induknya. Parent Metal.
Jumlah dari hole kalibrasi tergantung dari The number of calibration holes used
persyaratan dari pengujian. Jika hanya depends upon the requirements for
zone side fusion saja yang di uji, examination. If only side fusion zone is
diperlukan hanya satu side drilled hole to be examined, then only a single side
pada ketebalan nozzle saja yang perlu drilled hole at the nozzle wall thickness
digunakan. needs to be used.
a. Satu hole. Respon dari satu hole diatur a. Single Hole. The response from the
sedemikian rupa sehingga respon pada single side drilled hole shall be set so that
80% ± 5% FSH. Ini disebut sebagai this response is 80% ± 5% of FSH. This
primary reference level. shall be the primary reference level
b. Multiple Holes. Probe normal harus b. Multiple Holes. The straight beam shall
diarahkan ke reflector untuk menghasilkan be directed toward the calibration
respon maximum. Gain control diatur reflector that yields the maximum
sedemikian rupa sehingga respon pada response. The gain control shall be set so
80% ± 5% FSH. Ini disebut sebagai that this response is 80% ± 5% of FSH.
primary reference level. Tanpa merubah This shall be the primary reference level.
setting alat, probe di gerak – gerakkan, The search unit shall then be
untuk menghasilkan respon maximum dari manipulated, without changing
posisi hole lainnya untuk mendapatkan instrument settings, to obtain the
curva distance-amplitude correction ( DAC maximum responses from the other hole
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). position(s) to generate a distance-


amplitude correction ( DAC ) curve.

10.7 Konfirmasi Kalibrasi 10.7 Calibration Confirmation


10.7.1 Sitem Perubahan. 10.7.1 System Changes.
Pengecekan kalibrasi harus di laksanakan, A calibration check shall be performed,
jika ada penggantian system alat when any part of examination system is
pengujian, untuk memverifikasi bahwa changed, to verify that distance range
range jarak dan seting sensitivity , pada points and sensitivity setting , at the
kondisi sebagai berikut: following stage:
- Pengecekan kalibrasi harus dilakukan - Calibration check shall be made on the
pada blok kalibrasi (V1 or V2) untuk calibration block (V1 or V2) verify that
memverifikasi jarak antara poin. distance range points.
- Pengecekan kalibrasi harus dilakukan - Calibration check shall be made on the
pada blok kalibrasi (BCB) untuk calibration block (BCB) to verify the
memverifikasi pengaturan sensitivitas. sensitivity setting.

10.7.2 Pengecekan untuk pemeriksaan berkala 10.7.2 Periodic Examination Check


Pengecekan kalibrasi harus dilakukan pada A calibration check shall be made on at
satu reflector di dalam blok kalibrasi least one of the basic reflector in the
dengan kondisi sebagai berikut : basic calibration block of the following
conditions :
- Setiap akhir dari setiap pengujian atau - At the finish of each examination or
- Pemeriksaan serupa dan berkelanjutan. - Series of similar examination.
- Ketika personel penguji diganti. - When examination personnel are
changed.

10.7.3 Konfirmasi Nilai Penerimaan 10.7.3 Confirmation Acceptance Values


Semua indikasi yang direcord sejak All recorded indication since the last
kalibrasi terakhir yang valid atau check valid calibration check shall be re
kalibrasi harus di uji ulang dengan examined with the corrected calibration
kalibrasi yang benar dan nilai pada data and the values shall be changed on their
sheet harus dirubah, jika : data sheet, if :
- Setiap poin pada curva DAC telah - A point on the DAC curve has moved
berubah dari garis kalibrasi jarak lebih on distance line more than 10% of
besar dari 10% dari pembacaan jarak distance reading or 5% of full distance,
atau 5% dari jarak penuh (screen), maka whichever is greater, correct the
diambil yang lebih besar, koreksi jarak distance range calibration and note the
kalibrasi dan beri catatan dari koreksi correction in the examination record
pada record pengujian
- Setting sensitivity telah mengalami - Any sensitivity setting has decreased or
penurunan atau kenaikan lebih dari 20% increased by more than 20% or 2 dB of
atau 2 dB dari amplitudo nya. its amplitude.
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11 Pengujian 11 Examination
11.1 Cakupan 11.1 Coverage
Volume harus di uji dengan The volume shall be examined by
menggerakkan probe keselu ruh permukaan moving the search unit over the
yang di uji sehingga bisa mensca n seluruh examination surface so as to scan the
volume pengujian. Setiap jalan/jalur dari entire examination volume. Each pass the
probe harus overlaping minimum 10% dari search unit shall be overlapping a
ukuran probe, tegak lurus dengan dimensi minimum of 10% of transducer
dari arah scaning. (element), dimension perpendicular to the
direction of the scan.

11.2 Syarat-syarat Scanning 11.2 Scanning Requirements


11.2.1 Kecepatan dari manual scaning harus tidak 11.2.1 The rate of manual scanning shall not
lebih dari 6 in/sec. (150 mm/sec.) exceed 6 in/sec (150 mm/sec).
11.2.2 Scaning harus dilaksanakan dengan 11.2.2 The scanning shall be performed at gain
mengatur gain seting minimum dua kali setting at least two times the primary
dari primary reference level. Evaluasi reference level. Evaluation shall be
harus dilaksanakan dengan mengacu pada performed with respect to the primary
primary reference level. reference level.
Sebagai alternative scanning sensitivity As an alternate, the scanning sensitivity
level harus diset pada 14 dB lebih tinggi level shall be set at 14 dB higher than the
dari reference level. reference level gain setting.
( Tambahan gain ini membuat reference (This additional gain makes the reference
kurva DAC 20% , sehingga indikasi yang a 20% DAC curve, so that indications
melebihi 20% DAC bisa dengan mudah exceeding 20% DAC may be easily
diidentifikasi dan dievaluasi ). identified and evaluated.).
11.2.3 Scaning harus dilaksanakan dari kedua sisi 11.2.3 The scanning shall be performed from
lasan (jika memungkinkan). both sides of the weld (if accessible).

11.3 Scaning dengan Probe Normal 11.3 Straight Beam Scanning


11.3.1 Scaning probe normal harus dilaksanakan 11.3.1 The straight beam scanning shall be
pada volume dari base material dimana performed on the volume of base material
akan dilewati probe sudut untuk through which the angle beams will
mengetahui reflector yang mungkin travel to locate any reflectors that might
membatasi kemampuan probe sudut untuk limit the ability of the angle beam to
menguji volume lasan, dan ini tidak examine the weld volume, and is not to
digunakan sebagai acceptance criteria. be used for an acceptance-rejection
examination.
11.3.2 Lokasi dan area yang ditemukan reflektor 11.3.2 Location and areas of such reflectors
harus direcord dan menjadi bahan found shall be recorded and subject to
pertimbangan Engineering. Engineering evaluation.
11.3.3 Scaning probe normal harus dilaksanakan 11.3.3 The straight beam scanning shall be
pada volume dari base material dimana performed on the volume of base material
cacat mungkin mengakibatkan gangguan di in which the defects may affect the
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service yang di refer oleh Code section service referenced by other Code section
lainnya atau persyaratan lainnya. or other requirements.

11.4 Scanning dengan Probe Sudut untuk 11.4 Angle Beam Scanning for Reflectors
Reflektor yang Paralel dengan Lasan. Parallel to the Weld
Probe sudut harus diarahkan ke lasan The angle beam shall be directed at
dengan sudut yang benar kearah axis dari approximate right angle to the weld axis
lasan dari daerah yang memungkinkan. from to directions where possible. The
Probe harus di manupulasi sehingga semua search unit shall be manipulated so that
energi ultrasonic berjalan melalui volume the ultrasonic energy pass-through the
yang diperlukan dari lasan dan base metal required volumes of weld and adjacent
sekitarnya. base metal.
11.5 Scanning dengan Probe Sudut untuk 11.5 Angle Beam Scanning for Reflection
Reflektor yang Melintang dengan Oriented Transversal to the Weld.
Lasan.
11.5.1 Probe sudut harus diarahkan sedapat 11.5.1 The angle beam shall be directed
mungkin paralel dengan axis dari lasan. essentially parallel to the weld axis. The
Probe harus di manupulasi sehingga semua search unit shall be manipulated so that
energy ultrasonic berjalan melalui volume the beam angle through the required
yang diperlukan dari lasan dan base metal volumes of weld and adjacent base metal.
sekitarnya.
11.5.2 Probe harus di putar 180 derajat dan 11.5.2 The search unit shall be rotated 180 deg.
pengujian diulangi. and the examination repeated.
11.5.3 Probe sudut bisa digunakan untuk menguji 11.5.3 The angle beam may be used for
base materials, probe harus di arahkan ke examination base materials, the search
segala arah untuk scanning cacat yang arah unit shall be manipulated in any direction
nya ber macam – macam. for scanning the any orientation defects.

12 Pengevaluasian 12 Evaluation
12.1 Indikasi Non-Relevant 12.1 Non-Relevant Indication
Non-Relevant Indication mungkin Non-Relevant Indication may be caused
disebabkan oleh : by :
12.1.1 Cacat metallurgy di heat-effected yang 12.1.1 Metallurgical discontinuities such as
bisa memantulkan setelah fabrikasi. plate segregates in heat-effected zone that
Pengujian dengan probe normal, mungkin become reflective after fabrication. Under
bisa tampak seperti indikasi spot atau straight beam nexamination, this may
garis, appear as spot or line indications.

12.1.2 Pengujian dengan probe sudut, indikasi 12.1.2 Under angle beam examination,
yang datangnya dari kondisi permukaan ( indication that are determined to originate
seperti weld root geometry ) atau variasi from the surface conditions ( such as
pada metallurgy pada ustenitic material ( weld root geometry) or variation in
seperti automatic ke manual weld clad metallurgical structure in austenitic
interface ). materials ( such as the automatic to
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manual weld clad interface ).


12.1.3 Berikut ini langkah – langkah yang 12.1.3 The following steps shall be taken to
diperlukan untuk mengklasifikasi indikasi classify an indication as geometric :
dari geometry :
a. Di interprete area yang diperkirakan a. Interprete the area containing the
reflector sesuai dengan procedure. reflector in accordance with the
applicable examination procedure.
b. Di plot dan verifikasi reflector ordinate. b. Plot and verify the reflector coordinates.
Buat gambar tampak memotong yang Prepare a cross-sectional sketch showing
menunjukkan posisi dan kondisi the reflector position and surface
permukaan seperti root dan counterbore. discontinuities such as root and
counterbore.
c. Review gambar fabrikasi dan persiapan c. Review fabrication or weld preparation
bevel las. Pengujian dengan Tehnik drawings. Other ultrasonic techniques or
ultrasonic lain atau pengujian dengan nondestructive examination methods may
metode nondestructive lain mungkin bisa be helpful in determining a reflector’s
membantu menentukan posisi, ukuran dan true position, size, and orientation.
orientasi.

12.2 Level Evaluasi. 12.2 Evaluation Level.


12.2.1 Distance Amplitude Technique. 12.2.1 Distance Amplitude Technique.
Semua indikasi lebih besar dari 20 % All indications greater than 20% of
reference level harus di investigasi reference level shall be investigated to
sehingga bisa dievaluasi sesuai dengan the extent that they can be evaluated in
acceptance criteria dar reference Code terms of acceptance criteria of reference
Section. Code Section.
12.2.2 Evaluation Laminar Reflector. 12.2.2 Evaluation of Laminar Reflector.
Reflector yang diketahui dari cacat Reflector evaluted as laminar reflectors in
laminasi pada base material yanf akan base material which interfere with
menghalangi untuk bisa pengujian secara scanning of examination volumes shall
keseluruhan dengan probe sudut require the angle beam examination
diperlukan tehnik laing dalam pengujian technique to be modified such that the
dengan modifikasi sehingga keseluruhan maximum feasible volume is examined,
pengujian bisa dilaksanakan dan di beri and shall be noted in the record of
note pada record pengujian. examination.

13 Pengukuran Cacat 13 Sizing of Indications


13.1 Pengujian dengan Probe normal. 13.1 Straight Beam Testing
13.1.1 Jika cacat yang terjadi lebih kecil dari 13.1.1 When discontinuity is smaller than the
ukuran probe, maka evaluasi dari ukuran transducer size, the size evaluation shall
cacat harus dilaksanakan dengan memulai be made by beginning outside of the
dari arah luar dan kedalam dari cacat, discontinuity, moving the transducer
menggerakkan probe kearah area cacat toward the area of discontinuity until an
sampai terdapat indikasi pada layar indication on the display begins to form.
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kelihatan. Ujung dari probe/search unit The leading edge of the search unit at this
diindikasikan sebagai ujung dari cacatnya. point is indicative of the edge of the
discontinuity.
13.1.2 Jika cacat lebih besar dari ukuran probe, 13.1.2 When discontinuity larger than the
kehilangan refleksi back wall akan terjadi transducer size, a full loss of back
dan evaluasi metode dengan menggunakan reflection will occur and evaluation
cara 6 dB drop (50% penurunan dari method of a 6 dB loss of amplitude
ketinggian amplitudo aslinya) harus (drop to 50% from the original screen
digunakan dan untuk menentukan ujung height) shall be used and measurement to
cacat dengan mengukur center line dari the center line of the transducer is
probe. determining discontinuity edge.
13.2 Pengujian dengan Probe Sudut. 13.2 Angle Beam Testing
13.2.1 Panjang dan tinggi dari cacat harus 13.2.1 The length and height of the discontinuity
ditentukan dengan menggerakkan probe shall be determined by moving the
dari daerah cacat sampai ada penurunan transducer from the discontinuity area
amplitudo 6 dB drop (turun 50% dari until a 6 dB loss of amplitude (drop to
amplitudo aslinya) dan untuk menentukan 50% from the original screen height) and
ujung cacat dengan mengukur center line measurement to the center line of the
dari probe. transducer is determining discontinuity
edge.
13.2.2 Reflektor yang berbentuk bulat bisa di 13.2.2 The spherical reflector may be
bedakan dengan yang berbentuk planar differentiated from Planar reflector by
dengan melihat respond yang ditunjukkan their respond shown as amplitude
pada layar seperti akan begitu mencolok significant drop when the transducer
drop dari amplitudonya jika probe moving away from the indicative area or
dijauhkan dari area cacat atau dimanipulasi when the transducer manipulated to an
dengan sudut tertentu darimaximum angle from the maximum respond of
respond dari area cacat. indicative area.

14 Pembersihan akhir setelah pengujian 14 Post –Examination Cleaning.


14.1 Pembersihan setelah pengujian harus 14.1 Post examination cleaning shall be
dilakukan sesegera mungkin sebelum step performed as soon as possible after
fabrikasi selanjutnya dilakukan. examinations have been finished and
before the next steps of fabrication
proceeded.
Untuk couplant bahan dasarnya air ( CMC 14.2 For water base couplant ( CMC ) by
) dengan cara menglap dengan kain bersih wipping with dry rags before the couplant
sebelum couplant mengering. dry.
14.3
Untuk yang bersifat oli dengan cara 14.3 For oil base couplant by wipping with
mengelap dengan kain bersih yang di the clean and dry rags wetted with
basahi dengan solvent / cleaner. solvent / cleaner.
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15 Dokumentasi 15 Documentation
15.1 Hasil dari pengujian ultrasonic harus di 15.1 Ultrasonic examination results shall be
report dalam Form Ultrasonic Test Report reported on the provided Ultrasonic Test
yang tersedia (terlampir). Report Form (attached).
15.2 Record dari area yang repair harus dicatat 15.2 The record of repair areas shall be noted
seperti hasil dari pengujian ulang setelah as well as the results of the reexamination
repair. of repair areas.
15.3 Semua refeksi dari area yang tidak direpair 15.3 Alll reflectons from uncorrected areas
mempunyai respon melebihi 50% having responses that exceed 50% of
reference level harus direcord. Record reference level shall be recorded. The
harus menunjukan lokasi, respon level, record shall locate each area, the response
dimensi, kedalaman dibawah permukaan, level, the dimensions, the depth below
dan klasifikasi the surface, and the classification.
15.4 Lokasi lasan dan identifikasi harus 15.4 Weld locations and their identification
direcord pada weld map atau di shall be recorded on the a weld map or in
identifikasi plan. an identification plan.
15.5 Jika lasan di identifikasin permanen, low 15.5 If the welds are to be permanently
stress stamps dan /atau vibratooling bisa marked, low stress stamps and/or
digunakan. Jika componen dimarking vibratooling may be used. Marking after
setelah final stress releif harus tidak boleh final stress releif of component shall be
lebih dalam dari 0.048 inch ( 1.2 mm ) not be any deeper than 0.048 inch ( 1.2
mm )
15.6 System Reference 15.6 Reference System
15.6.1 Setiap lasan harus dilokasikan dan 15.6.1 Each weld shall be located and identified
diidentifikasi dengan system reference by a system of reference points. The
line. System harus bisa mengidentifikasi system shall permit identification of each
setiap center line dari lasan dan tanda weld center line and designation of
secara regular interval sepanjang lasan, regular interval along the length of weld,
tetapi system yang berbeda bisa digunakan however , a different system may be
asalkan masih memenuhi persyaratan utilized provided it meets the above
diatas. requirements.
15.6.2 Semua pantulan dari area yang tidak 15.6.2 All reflections from uncorrected areas
dikoreksi, mempunyai respon melebihi having responses that exceed 50% of the
50% dari reference level harus direcord reference level shall be recorded on the
dalam form ultrasonic test report, record attached record form, this record shall
ini harus menyebutkan setiap area, respond indicate each area, the response level, the
level, dimensi, dalamnya dari permukaan dimension, the depth below the surface,
dan klasifikasi. and the classification.

15.6.3 Ultrasonic reports harus disimpan dalam 15.6.3 Ultrasonic reports shall be maintained for
periode 3 tahun atau sesuai dengan the period 3 years or as required by Code
persyaratan Code atau yuridiksi lokal yang or local jurisdiction requirement as
berlaku oleh pabrik. applicable by Manufacturer.
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16 Standar Penerimaan 16 Acceptance Standards


16.1 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 16.1 ASME BPV Code Section VIII
Division.1, Appendix 12 Para 12.3 Division.1, Appendix 12 Para 12.3
Ketidak sempurnaan yang menghasilkan Imperfections which produce a response
respon lebih besar dari 20% dari batas greater than 20% of the reference level
refernsi harus di investigasi lagi agar shall be investigated to the extent that the
operator dapat memeriksa bentuk, identitas operator can examine the shape, identity
dan lokasi dari semua ketidak sempurnaan and location of all such imperfections and
dan mengevaluasi sesuai dengan standar evaluate them in terms of acceptance
penerimaan di dalam (a) dan (b) berikut ini standards given in (a) and (b) below.
16.1.1 Indikasi dengan karakteristis sebagai retak, 16.1.1 Indications characterized as cracks, lack
kurang fusi atau penetrasi yang tidak of fusion or incomplete penetration are
lengkap tidak dapat di terima terlepas dari unacceptable regardless of the length
panjang nya.
Ketidak sempurnaan lainnya tidak dapat di 16.1.2 Other imperfections are not acceptable if
terima jika indikasi melebihi amplitude the indications exceed the reference level
referensi dan memiliki panjang yang amplitude and have lengths which
melebihi: exceed:
a. 6 mm (1/4 in.) untuk t hingga 19mm (3/4 a. 6 mm (1/4 in.) for t up to 19 mm (3/4
in.), in.),
b. 1/3t untuk t 19 mm (3/4 in.) hingga 57 mm b. 1/3t for t from 19 mm (3/4 in.) to 57 mm
(2¼ in.) inclusive. (2¼ in.) inclusive,
c. 19 mm untuk t lebih dari 57mm (2¼ in) c. 19 mm (3/4 in.) for t over 57 mm (2¼
in).
dimana t = ketebalan dari las tidak where t = the thickness of the weld
termasuk reinforcement yang di ijinkan. excluding any allowable reinforcement.
Untuk sambungan las butt weld dua item For a butt weld joining two members
dengan memiliki ketebalan yang berbeda having different thicknesses at the weld, t
pada lasan, t adalah ketebalan yang lebih is the thinner of the two thicknesses. If a
tipis dari kedua ketebelan. Jika pengelasan full penetration weld includes a fillet
dengan penetrasi penuh termasuk lasan weld, the thickness of the throat of the
fillet, ketebalan throat dari fillet harus fillet shall be included in t.
masukan di t.

16.2 ASME BPV Code Section VIII 16.2 ASME BPV Code Section VIII
Division.2, para 7.5.4.2 : Division.2, para 7.5.4.2 :
Ketidak sempurnaan yang menghasilkan Imperfections which produce a response
respon lebih besar dari 20% dari batas greater than 20% of the reference level
refernsi harus di investigasi lagi agar shall be investigated to the extent that the
operator dapat memeriksa bentuk, identitas operator can examine the shape, identity
dan lokasi dari semua ketidak sempurnaan and location of all such imperfections and
dan mengevaluasi sesuai dengan standar evaluate them in terms of acceptance
penerimaan di dalam (a) dan (b) di bawah
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ini. standards given in (a) and (b) below.


16.2.1 Indikasi dengan karakteristis sebagai retak, 16.2.1 Indications characterized as cracks, lack
kurang fusi atau penetrasi yang tidak of fusion or incomplete penetration are
lengkap tidak dapat di terima terlepas dari unacceptable regardless of the length
panjang nya.
16.2.2 Ketidak sempurnaan lainnya tidak dapat di 16.2.2 Other imperfections are not acceptable if
terima jika indikasi melebihi amplitude the indications exceed the reference level
referensi dan memiliki panjang yang amplitude and have lengths which
melebihi: exceed:
a. 6 mm (1/4 in.) untuk t hingga 19mm (3/4 a. 6 mm (1/4 in.) for t up to 19 mm (3/4
in.), in.),
b. 1/3t untuk t 19 mm (3/4 in.) hingga 57 mm b. 1/3t for t from 19 mm (3/4 in.) to 57 mm
(2¼ in.) inclusive. (2¼ in.) inclusive,
c. 19 mm untuk t lebih dari 57mm (2¼ in) c. 19 mm (3/4 in.) for t over 57 mm (2¼
in).
dimana t = ketebalan dari las tidak where t = the thickness of the weld
termasuk reinforcement yang di ijinkan. excluding any allowable reinforcement.
Untuk sambungan las butt weld dua item For a butt weld joining two members
dengan memiliki ketebalan yang berbeda having different thicknesses at the weld, t
pada lasan, t adalah ketebalan yang lebih is the thinner of the two thicknesses. If a
tipis dari kedua ketebelan. Jika pengelasan full penetration weld includes a fillet
dengan penetrasi penuh termasuk lasan weld, the thickness of the throat of the
fillet, ketebalan throat dari fillet harus fillet shall be included in t.
masukan di t.

16.3 ASME BPV Code Section IX Para QW 16.3 ASME BPV Code Section IX Para QW
191.2: 191.2:
16.3.1 Indikasi dengan karakteristis sebagai retak, 16.3.1 Indications characterized as cracks, lack
kurang fusi atau penetrasi yang tidak of fusion or incomplete penetration are
lengkap tidak dapat di terima terlepas dari unacceptable regardless of the length
panjang nya
16.3.2 Indikasi panjang melebihi 1/8 in (3 mm) 16.3.2 Indications exceeding 1/8 in (3 mm) in
dianggap relevan dan tidak dapat di terima length are considered relevant and are
jika panjangnya melebihi unacceptable when their length exceed
a. 1/8 in ( 3 mm ) untuk t hingga 3/8 in ( 10 a. 1/8 in ( 3 mm ) for t up to 3/8 in ( 10 mm
mm ) )
b. 1/3 t untuk t dari 3/8 in hingga 2 ¼ in ( 10 b. 1/3 t for t from 3/8 in to 2 ¼ in ( 10 mm
mm hingga 57 mm ). to 57 mm ).
c. ¾ in ( 19 mm ) untuk t lebih dari 2 ¼ in ( c. ¾ in ( 19 mm ) for t over 2 ¼ in ( 57 mm
57 mm ), ),
dimana t adalah ketebalan las tidak where t is the thickness of the weld
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termasuk reinforcement yang di ijinkan. excluding any allowable reinforcement.


Untuk sambungan las butt weld dua item For a butt weld joining two members
dengan memiliki ketebalan yang berbeda having different thicknesses at the weld, t
pada lasan, t adalah ketebalan yang lebih is the thinner of these two thicknesses. If
tipis dari kedua ketebelan. Jika pengelasan a full penetration weld includes a fillet
dengan penetrasi penuh termasuk lasan weld, the thickness of the throat of the
fillet , ketebalan throat dari fillet harus fillet shall be included in t.
masukan di t..

17 Pengujian Hasil Perbaikan 17 Examination of Repairs


Cacat yang tidak diterima harus di buang dan Unacceptable discontinuities shall be
direpair. Hasil repair harus diuji ulang dengan removed and repaired. Repairs shall be
prosedure yang sama dengan yang digunakan reexamined by the same procedures used for
untuk cacat aslinya. original of the discontinuity.
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Figure 1 A. RATIO LIMITS FOR CURVED SURFACES


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Figure 1 B. NON PIPING BASIC CALIBRATION BLOCK


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Figure 1 C. PIPING BASIC CALIBRATION BLOCK


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Figure 1 D. ALTERNATE BASIC CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR PIPING


Figure 1 E. CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR TECHNIQUE ONE
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Figure 1 F. ALTERNATE CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR TECHNIQUE ONE


Figure 1 E. CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR TECHNIQUE ONE
Figure 1 G. ALTERNATE CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR TECHNIQUE ONE
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Figure 1 H. CALIBRATION BLOCKS FOR TECHNIQUE TWO


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Figure 1 I. BASIC CALIBRATION BLOCK FOR STRAIGHT BEAM EXAMINATION OF NOZZLE.


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Figure 1 J. IIW – V1 AND V2 REFERENCE CALIBRATION BLOCK


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Figure 2. INDEX POINT MEASUREMENT

Figure 3. BEAM ANGLE MEASUREMENT


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Fig. 4 DISTANCE RANGE CALIBRATION FOR STRAIGHT BEAM


TRANDUCER USING IIW V 1 REGFERENCE BLOCK.

Front Surface

25 mm

Bottom Surface

1 st reflection echo from the bottom

0 25 50 75 100
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Fig. 5 DISTANCE AMPLITUDE CORRECTION FOR STRAIGHT BEAM TRANSDUCER


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Fig. 6. DISTANCE RANGE CALIBRATION FOR ANGLE BEAM


USING IIW - V1 REFERENCE BLOCK

Fig. 7. DISTANCE RANGE CALIBRATION FOR ANGLE BEAM


TRANSDUCER USING IIW - V2 REFERENCE BLOCK
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Fig. 8. DISTANCE AMPLITUDE CORRECTION ( DAC )

1/2 T

1/4 T

80% FSH ( 100% DAC )

( Primary reference Level )


100 %

Notch

40% FSH

Amplitude ( 50% DAC )

16 % FSH
(20 % DAC)

0 1/4T 3/4T 1 1/4T 1 3/4T

Fig. 9 SPLIT DAC


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ULTRASONIC TEST REPORT


Customer :………………………… Drawing No. :…………………… Rev……. Report No :……….- UT-.…

Project Name :………………………… Procedure No. :……………………,Rev….….

Unit No :………………………… Applicable CODE :………………………………… NCR Ref No :…………………

Material Spec. : ………………………. Welding Process : ……………… Surface condition : …………………….

Joint type : Butt joint T joint Corner joint Plate to plate Pipe tp pipe
Cable
UT INSTRUMENT Couplant EXAMINATION TECHNIQUE
Type & Length
Model Serial No Contact
Straight Angle beam
beam Only shear wave in the tested matrial

SCANNING
Scanning surface Both side of weld One side of weld From A From B From C

Scanning Technique Half to full skip distance Half skip distance Other

Scanning direction of angle beam Swivel Right angle to weld axis Essentially parallel to weld axis

Length of indication 6 dB drop ( 50% from highest amp. ) 14 dB drop ( 20% from highest amp. )
Sizing of indication
Height of indication 6 dB drop ( 50% from highest amp. ) 14 dB drop ( 20% from highest amp. )

CALIBRATION
Search Unit Block ID Data Gain Setting
Hole Refference Reference Scanning Test Range
Angle Serial No. Frequency Size V1 V2 BCB Sulzer Amplitude
 reflector Level Level

Indication
Thickness Result Remark
Part/Weld No Sound Amplitude
(mm) Length Depth
Path Level ACC REJ

Notes :

Examined by : Reviewed / witnessed by : Reviewed / witnessed by :

Name :
NDE Level :
Date : Date : Date :
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SKETCH
Customer : Drawing No. : Rev. Report No. :

Project Name : Procedure No. : Rev.

Unit No. : Applicable CODE : Page No. : of


Result
From “ 0 “ Depth from Height
Indication No Length Remark
datum surface ( if required )
ACC REJ

Examined by : Reviewed / witnessed by : Reviewed / witnessed by :

Name :
NDE Level :
Date : Date : Date :
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Table T - 421
Requirements of an Ultrasonic Examination Procedure
Non
Essential
Requirement essential Par. Ref. Qualified range
Variable
Variable
Weld configurations to be examined, including
Butt joint Pipe Φ > 500 mm and
thickness, dimensions and base material product form X 2
plate , 13 ~ 25 mm thk.
(pipe, plate, etc.)
The surfaces from which the examination shall be
X 11.2 Both side of weld
performed
Techniques ( straight beam, angle beam, contact, and/or 1 / 10.3 /
X Contact straight and angle probe
immersion ) 10.4
Angle(s) and mode(s) of wave propagation in the Only shear wave in the material
X 7.2.2
material with angle 45, 60 and 70 degrees.
Freq. : 1~4 Mhz
Search unit type(s) , frequency(ies) and element size(s) / Normal 10 mm dia.,
X 7.2.1 / 7.2.2
shape(s) Angle 45, 60 and 70 deg,
dimension 8x10 mm
Special search units, wedges, shoes, or saddle, when Angle without or with shoe max.
X 7.2.4
used 4mm thk.
Ultrasonic Instrument(s) X 7.1.1 1 ~ 5 Mhz,
Calibration [ calibration block(s) and technique(s)] X 7.4 / 9 V1, V2 and BCB
Base metal, Right angle and
Direction and extent of scanning X 11.2 essentially parallel to the weld axis
( angle probe )
Scanning ( manual vs. automatic ) X 11.2 Manual
Method for discriminating geometric from flaw
X 12 Plot and verify reflector coordinate
indications
Method for sizing indications X 13.1 / 13.2 6 db drop for length
Computer enhance data acquisition , when used X NA NA
Scan overlap ( decrease only ) X 11.1 Minimum 10% of probe size
Personnel performance requirements, when required X 6.1 / 6.2 Refer to Written Practice
SNT-TC-1A, 2006 Edition and
Personnel qualification requirements X 6.1 / 6.2
2011 Edition.
Free from foreign material which
Surface condition ( examination surface, calibration interfere exam/ surface of BCB
X 8.1 / 7.4.2.4
block) shall be representative component
being examined
Couplant : brand name or type X 7.3 CMC, glycerin, light oil
Post examination cleaning technique X 14 Solvent wipe for oil
Automatic alarm and / or recording equipment, when
NA NA
applicable
Records, including minimum calibration data to be
X 15 As stated in Form Report
recorded ( e.g., instrument settings )
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SUMMARY OF REVISION SHEET

This page is a record of all revisions of the procedure and the following revision (s) has (have) been made to
this procedure.

REV. DATE PAGE BRIEF OF REVISION

00 15 October, 2015 All First Issue


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Daftar Isi / Table of Content

Par. Uraian Par. Description Page


1 Tujuan 1 Purpose 4
2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope 4
3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirement 5
4 Referensi 4 References 5
5 Definisi – Definisi 5 Definitions 6
6 Qualifikasi dan Tanggung Jawab 6 Qualification and 6
Responsibility
7 Perlengkapan 7 Equipment(s) 6
8 Media Pengujian 8 Examination Medium 7
9 Procedure 9 Procedure 7
9.1 Verifikasi dan Kalibrasi 9.1 Verification and Calibration 7
9.2 Persiapan Permukaan 9.2 Surface Preparation 8
9.3 Teknik Pemagnetan 9.3 Magnetizing Technique 8
9.4 Aplikasi Magnetic Particle 9.4 Magnetic Particle Applications 9
9.5 Cakupan Pengujian 9.5 Examination Coverage 9
9.6 Penginterprestasian Indikasi 9.6 Interpretation of Indications 9
9.7 Pengevaluasian Indikasi 9.7 Evaluation of Indications 10
10 Dokumentasi 10 Documentation 10
11 Perbaikan 11 Repair 11
12 Demagnetisasi 12 De-magnetization 11
13 Pembersihan akhir 13 Post Cleaning 11
14 Standar Penerimaan 14 Acceptance Standard 11
Exhibit-1, Report Form Exhibit-1, Report Form 14
AC – YOKE MAGNETIZING POWER VEIFICATION AC – YOKE MAGNETIZING POWER
15
LOG VEIFICATION LOG
Table T 721, Essensial variable Table T 721, Essensial variable 16
Appendix Appendix 17 ~ 2 0
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1 Tujuan 1 Purpose
1.1 Untuk meyediakan petunjuk dan standar 1.1 This procedure provides guidance and
penerimaan pelaksanaan pengujian acceptance standards during the conduct
dengan magnetic particle material of magnetic particle examination of
ferromagnetic dengan menggunakan visible wet ferromagnetic materials using
AC-Yoke dengan metode kontinyu. AC-Yoke with continuous method.
1.2 Procedure ini terdiri dari versi Enggris 1.2 This procedure consists of English and
dan Indonesia, jika ada konflik antara Indonesian versions, shall there is conflict
keduanya maka versi Enggris yang between these versions the English
dipakai. version shall govern.

2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope


2.1 Prosedur ini berlaku untuk pelaksanaan 2.1 This procedure is applicable for MT
MT yang dilakukan pada permukaan performed on surfaces which the
dimana suhunya tidak melebihi 135 °F temperature does not exceed 135 °F (57
(57 °C). Instruksi dari pembuat partikel °C). The instruction of the particle
harus di ikuti. manufacturer shall be followed.
2.2 Pengujian Lasan dengan Partikel 2.2 Magnetic particles examination of welds
Magnetik harus termasuk base metal shall include base metal for at least 1”
setidaknya 1” ( 25 mm ) tiap sisi lasan (25 mm) on each side of the weld where
bila dimungkinkan. possible.
2.3 Procedure harus diqualifikasi dengan 2.3 Procedure shall be qualified by
demonstrasi, jika ada perubahan dari demonstration, when a change of
persyratan di Table T-721 diketahui requirement in Table T-721 identified as
sebagai essential variable harus perlu an essential variable shall require
diqualifikasi ulang dengan demonstrasi. requalification of the procedure by
Perubahan dari persyaratan diketahui demonstration. A change of a
sebagai nonessential variable tidak requirement identified as a nonessential
diperlukan requalifikasi procedure. variable does not require re-
Semua perubahan dari essential atau non qualification the procedure. All changes
essential variable dari yang disebut of essential or nonessential variable from
dalam prosedur ini harus diperlukan those specified by this procedure shall
revisi dari atau dengan addendum ke require revision of or an addendum to the
procedure. procedure.
2.4 Persyaratan Demonstrasi : 2.4 Demonstration requirements :
a. Demonstrasi harus dilaksanakan untuk a. The demostration shall be performed to
mendapatkan kepuasan Authorized the satisfaction of the Authorized
Inspector, dibawah control dan Inspector, under thecontrol and
pengawasan dari Level III penguji yang supervision of a Level III examiner who
qualified dan certified untuk is qualified and certfied for performing
melaksanakan ujian method dan teknik. the examination method and technique.
b. Demonstrasi harus pada minimum satu b. The demonstration shall be on minimum
test spesimen yang mempunyai cacat one test specimen having flaws whose
dimana ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, jumlah, size, location, orientation, quantity, and
dan karakterisasi telah ditentukan characterization have been determined
sebelum demonstrasi dan diketahui hanya prior to demonstration and are known
oleh pengawas Level III penguji. only by the supervising Level III
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examiner.
c. Procedure dianggap qualified jika c. The procedure shall be considered
pengawas Level III penguji dan qualified when the supervising Level III
Authorized Inspector telah puas dengan and the Authorized Inspector are satisfied
indikasi yang didapat dengan procedure that indications produced by the
yang demonstrasikan efective demonstrated procedure effectively
menampakkan ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, reveal the size, location, orientation,
jumlah, dan karakterisasi dari cacat yang quantity, and characterization of the
diketahui didapatkan pada specimen test flaws known to be present in the
yang diuji. examination test specimen.
d. Nama dan / atau identifikasi dan tanda d. The name and/or identity and signature of
tangan dari pengawas Level III penguji the supervising Level III and the
dan Authorized Inspector yang witnessing Authorized Inspector shall be
menyaksikan harus ditambahkan untuk added to indicate their acceptance of the
menyatakan penerimaan menyatakan procedure indicate qualification.
qualifikasi procedure.

3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirements


3.1 Safety regulasi dari PT. NORTHEAST 3.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s safety
STAR NDT harus diikuti selama regulation shall be followed during
pengujian. examination.
3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION ) 3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION )
 Selalu menggunakan PPE such as Safety  Always use PPE such as Safety shoes,
shoes, hand glove, safety glass, and hand glove, safety glass, and helmet.
helmet.  Watch out for slippery and falling
 Waspada tempat yang licin dan benda object
jatuh
 Watch out for the hazard around the
 Waspada benda berbahaya sekitar tempat
kerja
areas.
 Berhenti kerja dan lapor ke client  Stop the activities and report to client
supervisor untuk tempat kerja yang tidak and supervisor for unsafe working
aman condition.
 Pakai alat pengaman ketinggian jika kerja  Use fall protection equipment if
diatas 2 m working above 2 m.
 Pungut sampah dan buang ditempat yang  Collect all waste and put it in agreed
tersedia place.
 Jangan membuang pelumas, oli atau  Do not expose any lubricant, oil or
cairan bekas test ke lantai test fluid to the ground.

4 Referensi 4 References
4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written 4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s
Practice Written Practice
4.2 ASME code Sect. I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII 4.2 ASME code Sect. I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII
Div. 2 , 2015 Edition dan B 31.1, 2012 Div. 2, 2015 Edition and B 31.1, 2012
Edition. Edition.
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5 Definisi – Definisi 5 Definitions


5.1 MT: Pengetesan dengan magnetic 5.1 MT: Magnetic particle Examination.
particle.
5.2 NDE: Pengujian tanpa merusak. 5.2 NDE: Non Destructive Examination.
5.3 Metode Kontinue adalah metode dimana 5.3 Continous method : that is, the
arus magnetizing tetap ada pada saat magnetizing current remains on while the
media pengujian sedang diterapkan. examination medium is being applied.

6 Qualifikasi dan Tanggung Jawab 6 Qualification and Responsibility


6.1 Personel yang melakukan pengujian 6.1 Personnel performing examinations to the
untuk persyaratan procedure ini harus di requirements of this specification shall be
qualifikasi sesuai dengan prosedure dari qualified in accordance with PT.
PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Practice
6.2 Personel yang menentukan keberterimaan 6.2 Personnel determining the acceptability
sesuai syarat–syarat dari prosedur ini to the requirements of this procedure
harus Level II atau Level III. shall be NDE Level II or NDE Level III.

7 Perlengkapan 7 Equipment(s)
7.1 Manufaktur dan model dari peralatan MT 7.1 Manufacturer and model of MT Yoke
Yoke, yang boleh dipakai termasuk: equipment, which may be used includes:
Magnaflux, model Y-6, Parker ( AC ) Magnaflux, Model Y-6, Parker ( AC )
Tie de Model TWM 220 N (AC) Tie de Model TWM 220 N (AC)
7.2 Pie–Shaped Magnetic Particle Field 7.2 Pie–Shaped Magnetic Particle Field
Indicator Indicator.
Pie-Indicator harus diposisikan pada The Pie-indicator shall be positioned on
permukaan benda yang akan di uji, the surface to be examined, such that the
dimana sisi yang ada tembaganya jauh copper plate side is away from the
dari permukaan yang di uji. inspected surface.
Indikasi tepat dari field strength, bila A suitable field strength is indicated
tampak jelas garis (garis-grasi) dari when a clearly defined line (or lines) of
magnetic particle form melintasi magnetic particles form(s) a cross the
permukaan copper dari indicator saat copper face of indicator when the
pengaplikasian magnetic partikel dengan magnetic particles are applied
medan magnit secara serempak. Bila simultaneously with the magnetizing
garis ( garis-garis ) dari partikel form force. When a clearly defined line (or
tidak tampak, Teknik magnetisasi harus lines) of particles is not formed. The
di rubah sesuai kebutuhan. Pie–Type magnetizing technique shall be changed
Indicator sangat baik di gunakan pada dry as needed. Pie-type indicators are best
particle procedure. used with dry particle procedures.
7.3 Artificial Flaw Shims. 7.3 Artificial Flaw Shims.
Shims dengan takik garis harus di Shims with linear notches shall be
orientasikan paling sedikit satu takikan oriented so that at least one notch is
tegak lurus dengan medan magnit yang di perpendicular to the applied magnetic
aplikasikan. field.
Shims dengan takik lingkaran dapat Shims with only circular notches may
digunakan pada beberapa orientasi. used in any orientation.
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Shims harus di letakan pada permukaan Shims shall be attached to the surface to
benda yang akan di uji, dengan sisi cacat be examined, such that the artificial flaw
buatan pada shims mengarah pada side of the shims is toward the inspected
permukaan uji. surface.
Medan Magnit dikatak tepat, bila tampak A suitable field strength is indicated
jelas garis (garis-grasi) dari magnetic when a clearly defined line (or lines of
particle form mewakili 30 % kedalam magnetic particles, representing the 30%
cacat nampak pada permukaan shims depth flaw, appear(s) on the shims face
saat pengaplikasian magnetic partikel when magnetic particles are applied
dengan medan magnit secara serempak. simultaneously with the magnetizing
Bila garis ( garis-garis ) dari partikel form force. When a clearly defined line of
tidak tampak, Teknik magnetisasi harus particles is not formed. The magnetizing
di rubah sesuai kebutuhan. Shims–Type technique shall be changed as needed.
Indicator sangat baik di gunakan pada Shim Type Indicators are best used with
wet particle procedure. wet particles procedures.

8 Media Pengujian 8 Examination Medium


8.1 Partikel basah, visible hitam particles 8.1 Wet particles, black visible particles shall
harus digunakan sebagai media be used as the examination medium, as
pengujian, sesuai dengan kebutuhan. applicable.
8.2 Merk dan produk lain dari yang disebut 8.2 Brand name or products other than
di prosedur ini bisa digunakan asalkan specified in this procedure may be used
demonstrasi untuk bisa memuaskan AI provided demonstration to the
harus dilaksanakan. satisfaction of the Authorized Inspector
to be performed.
8.3 Pada semua hal recomendasi dari pabrik 8.3 In all cases manufacturer’s
pembuat harus dikuti. recommendation shall be followed.
8.4 Partikel basah, warnanya harus 8.4 Wet particles, the colour of the particle
memenuhi kecukupan beda kontras shall provide adequate contrast with the
dengan permukaan yang diuji. Partikel surface being examined. The particle
ini harus dcampur dalam cairan medium shall be suspended in a suitable liquid
yang sesuai dengan konsentrasi yang medium in the concentration
disyaratkan pabrik pembuat. Ukuran recommended by the manufacturer.
particle : minimum pass 98% melalui 45 Particle size : minimum pass 98%
mess ( 4 ~ 8 µm ). through 45 mess ( 4 ~ 8 µm ).
Supplier Material Type Supplier Material Type
Manaflux White contrast WCP - 2 Manaflux White contrast WCP - 2
Manaflux Solvent / Remover SKC-S Manaflux Solvent / Remover SKC-S
Manaflux Particle 7 HF Manaflux Particle 7 HF
Oikosh White contrast M – 47 Oikosh White contrast M – 47
Oikosh Particle I – 72 Oikosh Particle I – 72
Oikosh Solvent / Remover C - 36 Oikosh Solvent / Remover C - 36

9 Procedure 9 Procedure
9.1 Verifikasi dan Kalibrasi 9.1 Verification and Calibration
9.1.1 Kekuatan angkat magnet dari Arus bolak 9.1.1 The magnetizing power of the alternating
balik ( AC ) Yoke harus diverifikasi current electromagnetic ( AC ) Yokes
sebelum digunakan setiap hari. Kekuatan shall be verified prior to use each day the
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angkat magnet Yoke harus diverifikasi yoke is used. The magnetizing power of
jika yoke rusak atau setelah di repair. yokes shall be verified whenever the
yoke has been damaged or repaired.
9.1.2 Arus bolak balik ( AC ) Yoke harus 9.1.2 The alternating current electromagnetic
mempunyai kemampuan angkat paling yoke shall have a lifting power of at least
sedikit 10 lb (4.5 kg) pada maximum 10 lb (4.5 kg) at the maximum pole
jarak pole yang akan digunakan. spacing that will be used.
9.1.3 Light meter, 9.1.3 Light meter,
Light meter harus dikalibrasi paling Light meter shall be calibrated at least
sedikit setahun sekali atau jika meter once a year or whenever the meter has
telah direpair. Jika meter tidak dipakai been repaired. If meters has not been in
setahun atau lebih kalibrasi harus use for one year or more, calibration
dilakukan sebelum digunakan. shall be done before being used.

9.2 Persiapan Permukaan 9.2 Surface Preparation


9.2.1 Sebelum dilaksanakan pengujian, 9.2.1 Prior to magnetic particle examination,
permukaan yang akan diuji dan area the surface to be examined and any
dengan jarak setidaknya 1” (25 mm) adjacent area within at least 1” (25 mm)
setiap sisinya area tersebut, harus kering, of the surface to be examined, shall be
bebas dari semua kotoran, grease, oli, dry and free of any dirt, grease, oil, sand,
pasir, loose, rust, scale, atau material loose, rust, scale, or any other foreign
lainnya yang akan mengganggu pada saat material which would interfere with
pengujian, metode untuk pembersihan examination, method for cleaning by
dengan dengan kain yang dibasahi wiping with the wetted cloth with solvent
solvent remover. remover.
9.2.2 Jika menguji lasan, minimum satu inch 9.2.2 When examine the welds, at least one
dari kedua sisi lasan harus diikutkan inch both side of the weld shall be
kedalam area yang diamati, jika bisa. included in area of interest, if practicable.
9.2.3 Persiapan material dengan menggunakan 9.2.3 Preparation of the materials by grinding
gerinda atau mesin disyaratkan apabila or machining may be required where
terdapat ketidakteraturan permukaan surface irregularities could mask
yang menutupi indikasi dari indications due to discontinuities.
kemungkinan cacat.
9.2.4 Nonmagnetic Surface Contrast 9.2.4 Nonmagnetic Surface Contrast
Enhancement ( WCP )harus Enhancement ( WCP ) shall be applied
diaplikasikan pada lasan dan harus on welds and shall include base metal for
termasuk base metal setidaknya 1” ( at least 1” (25 mm) on each side of the
25 mm ) tiap sisi lasan bila mungkin, weld where possible, only in amounts
hanya dalam jumlah yang cukup untuk sufficient to enhance particle contrast.
memberi contrast particle. Pengukuran The thickness measurement of this
ketebalan nonmagnetic surface contrast nonmagnetic surface contrast
enhancement ini tidak perlu. enhancement is not required

9.3 Teknik Pemagnetan 9.3 Magnetizing Technique


9.3.1 Kekuatan medan magnet harus 9.3.1 Field strength shall be verified prior to
diverifikasi sebelum pengujian dengan examination using Pie–Shaped Magnetic
menggunakan Pie–Shaped Magnetic Particle Field Indicator.
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Particle Field Indicator .
9.3.2 Observasi indikasi harus dilaksanakan 9.3.2 Observation of indications shall be
setelah aliran listrik hidup dan magnetic performed upon the magnetizing current
particles di aplikasikan ( metode continue on and magnetic particles being
) applied.(continuous method)
9.3.3 Final interpretasi untuk AC Yoke harus 9.3.3 Final interpretation for AC Yoke shall be
dilaksanakan setelah aliran listrik tetap performed after the magnetizing current
hidup minimum selama 5 (lima) detik. remain on at least 5 (five) second.

9.4 Aplikasi Magnetic Particle 9.4 Magnetic Particle Applications


Letakan Yoke di area yang akan di uji, Place yoke in the area to be examined,
tekan tombol hidup dan aplikasikan turn on current and uniformly applied wet
Partikel basah secara merata dengan particles by spray. Formation of
menyemprot. Indikasi harus diamati indications shall be observed during
selama aplikasi dari partikel magnetic. application of the magnetic particles.

9.5 Cakupan Pengujian 9.5 Examination Coverage


9.5.1 Setidaknya dua pengujian terpisah 9.5.1 At least two separate examinations shall
dilakukan pada setiap area. Pengujian be carried out on each area. The second
kedua dengan fluks magnetic harus examination shall be with the magnetic
dilakukan dengan arah tegak lurus flux approximately perpendicular to that
terhadap hasil dari arah pengujian yang used in the first examination.
pertama.
9.5.2 Semua pengujian harus dilakukan dengan 9.5.2 All examination shall be conducted with
overlap yang cukup untuk menjamin sufficient overlap to assure 100%
cakupan 100% sensitifitas testnya. coverage at established test sensitivity.
9.5.3 Untuk metode yoke, pengujian secara 9.5.3 For the yoke method, lateral examination
menyamping dibatasi, sampai jarak area shall be limited, to a maximum
maximum ¼ dari jarak kontaknya pada distance of ¼ of the contact spacing on
masing–masing sisi dari garis terpendek either side of the shortest line between
dari jarak kontak untuk meyakinkan area the contact spacing to ensure the area
dibawahnya teruji. under the contact is examined.
9.5.4 Untuk inspeksi las, lasan dan 9.5.4 For welding inspections, the weld and at
sekurangnya jarak 1” (25 mm) dari base least 1” (25 mm) of base material on each
metal setiap sisinya harus diperhatikan side of the weld shall be examined where
sebisa mungkin. possible.

9.6 Penginterprestasian Indikasi 9.6 Interpretation of Indications


9.6.1 Pencahayaan.Particle Nonfluorescent; 9.6.1 Illumination. Non-fluorescent Particle;
pengujian menggunakan particle examination using non-fluorescent Particle
nonfluorescent harus dilaksanakan dengan shall be performed under visible light. A
cahaya visible. Minimum intensity cahaya minimum light intensity of 105 fc (1050 Lx)
105 fc (1050 Lx) pada permukaan kerja at work surface is required to ensure
dibutuhkan untuk meyakinkan sensitivitas adequate sensitivity during the examination
selama pengujian dan evaluasi dari indikasi and evaluation of indications. Light meter
mencukupi. Light meter harus dikalibrasi shall be calibrated at least once a year
paling sedikit setahun sekali
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9.6.2 Kemampuan operator sangat berperan 9.6.2 Operator skill must be developed in the
dalam menginterprestasi pola indikasi interpretation of indication patterns
dari serbuk terutama pada saat especially in the evaluation of sub-
mengevaluasi cacat bawah permukaan surface defect and un-fused roots on
dan pada akar las pada lasan parsial partial penetration welds. The best
penetrasi. Hasil terbaik bisa didapatkan results may be achieved by observation
dengan pengamatan dan menggali lebih and excavations made to explore
dalam untuk menampakkan indikasi. indications. Drawings that show the
Gambar ditail dari sambungan parsial details of partial penetration joints will
penetrasi akan membantu operator untuk help the operator evaluate the particle
mengevalusi pola dari serbuk. pattern.
9.6.3 Area pada toe of fillet welds dapat juga 9.6.3 The area at the toe of fillet welds can also
menyebabkan indikasi yang non relevan cause non-relevant indications when an
ketika terdapat bagian yang kasar. Uji abrupt section change is present. Re–
ulang setelah penggerindaan dan examination after grinding and blending
penghalusan pada fillet weld the edge of the fillet weld to provide a
menghasilkan transisi yang lebih halus smooth transition from weld to base
dari lasan ke base metal akan metal will determine whether indication
menunjukan apakah indikasi tersebut non is non- relevant.
relevan.
9.6.4 Kondisi ini dapat diminimalkan dengan 9.6.4 This condition can be minimized by
menggunakan cahaya, dan penyemprotan applying a light and uniform coating of
merata dari partikel magnetis. magnetic particles.

9.7 Pengevaluasian Indikasi 9.7 Evaluation of Indications


9.7.1 Indikasi adalah retensi dari partikel 9.7.1 Indications are revealed by retention of
magnetic pada diskontinuitas. Kekasaran magnetic particles on the discontinuities.
permukaan, kotoran, minyak, dan grease Surface roughness, dirt, oils and grease
dapat menyebabkan indikasi yang can cause false indication.
meragukan.
9.7.2 Indikasi yang benar adalah disebabkan 9.7.2 True indications are caused by
oleh ketidaksempurnaan mekanik dalam mechanical imperfections in the weld
bahan lasan dan di daerah yang material and in the adjacent area.
berdekatan.
9.7.3 Indikasi yang memanjang adalah indikasi 9.7.3 A linear indications is one having a
yang memiliki panjang lebih besar dari length greater than 3 times its width.
tiga kali lebar.
9.7.4 Indikasi bulat adalah indikasi bulat atau 9.7.4 A rounded indication is one of circular or
bentuk ellip dengan panjang sama dengan elliptical shape with a length equal to or
atau kurang dari tiga kali lebar. less than three times its width.

10 Dokumentasi 10 Documentation
Hasil dar pengujian harus dicatat pada Examination results shall be recorded on
Magnetic Particle Examination Report the Magnetic Particle Examination
(Exhibit 1). Report (Exhibit 1).
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11 Perbaikan 11 Repair
Indikasi yang tidak diterima harus Unacceptable indications shall be
dibuang dan diuji kembali untuk removed and re-examined to assure
meyakinkan pembuangan secara lengkap complete removal of defects or to
dari cacat atau ukuran yang diterima acceptable size before re-welding.
sebelum di las lagi. Hasil akhir perbaikan Complete repair shall be re-examined by
harus diuji kembali dengan metode yang the method originally used.
sama dengan metode awalnya.

12 Demagnetisasi 12 Demagnetization
Jika sisa magnet di benda uji dapat When residual magnetism in part could
mengganggu pada proses berikutnya atau interfere with subsequent processing or
penggunaannya, maka benda uji harus usage, the part shall be demagnetized any
didemagnetisasi sewaktu waktu setelah time after completion of the examination.
selesai pengujian. Demagnitization dapat The demagnetization may use the MT
menggunakan alat MT dimana procedure machine which procedure sufficient
magnetik fluks dengan membungkus magnetic flux by wrapping the part with
benda uji dengan kabel dan secara cable and gradually decrease the amperes
bertahap mengurangi ampere atau dengan at the following decrease the amperes at
mengangkat Yoke di atas area pengujian, the following step or lifting the yoke
daya ON, di putar dan di jauh kan above the part; power on, rotate and pull
perlahan. away.
Setelah proses demagnetization selesai After demagnetization residual fields
residual fields harus tidak lebih dari 3G ( should not exceed 3G (240 Am-1)
240 Am-1) di semua bagian. anywhere in the piece.

13 Pembersihan Akhir 13 Post Cleaning


Pembersihan akhir harus dilaksanakan The post cleaning shall be performed
jika material test magnetic particle yang only when magnetic particle test
diaplikasikan pada benda uji dapat materials applied on the part could
mengganggu proses berikutnya dan interfere with subsequent processing and
dengan menggunakan alat yang cocok, using the suitable means, it may be by
bisa mengelap dengan kain dan di sikat wipping with dry cloth and wire brushing
baja.

14 Standar Penerimaan 14 Acceptance Standard


14.1 ASME BPV Code Section I, Appendix 14.1 ASME BPV Code Section I, Appendix
A, Para A-260 A, Para A-260
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama a. Only indications with major dimensions
yang lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in) shall be
harus dianggap relevan, considered relevant.
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free
bebas dari: of:
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 1. Relevant linear Indications.
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 2. Relevant rounded indications greater
dari 5 mm (3/16 in). than 5 mm (3/16 in).
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi relevan 3. Four or more relevant rounded
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yang bulat dalam satu garis indications in a line separated by 1.5
dipisahkan dengan 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) mm (1/16 in.) or less, (edge to edge)
atau kurang , tepi ke tepi

14.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1, 14.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1,
Appendix 6, Para 6.3 & 6.4 Appendix 6, Para 6.3 & 6.4
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama a. Only indications with major dimensions
yang lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
harus dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free
bebas dari: of:
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 1. Relevant linear indications.
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 2. Relevant rounded indications greater
dari 5 mm (3/16 in). than 5 mm (3/16 in.)
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat 3. Four or more relevant rounded
dalam satu garis dipisahkan d 1.5 mm indications in a line separated by 1.5
(1/16 in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi mm (1/16 in.) or less, edge to edge

14.3 ASME B31.1 Power Piping, Para 14.3 ASME B31.1 Power Piping, Para
136.4.3 136.4.3
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama a. Only indications with major dimensions
yang lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
harus dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free
bebas dari: of:
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 1. Relevant linear indications.
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 2. Relevant rounded indications greater
dari 5mm (3/16 in). than 5.0 mm (3/16 in.)
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat 3. Four or more relevant rounded
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm indications in a line separated by 1.5
(1/16 in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi mm (1/16 ins.) or less, edge to edge
4. Sepuluh atau lebih indikasi bulat 3870 4. Ten or more rounded indications in
mm persegi (6 ins persegi.) di any 6 sq in. (3870 mm2) of surface
permukaan dengan dimensi utama with the major dimension of this area
pada suatu area tidak melebihi dari not to exceed 6 in. (150 mm) with the
150 mm (6 ins) dengan luasan diambil area taken in the most unfavourable
di lokasi yang paling relatif tidak location relative to the indications
menguntungkan untuk indikasi pada being evaluated.
saat di evaluasi.

14.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2, 14.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2,
Part 7.5.6.1 (d) and 7.5.6.2 Part 7.5.6.1 (d) and 7.5.6.2
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama a. Only indications with major dimensions
yang lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
harus dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free
bebas dari: of:
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1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 1. Relevant linear indications.
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 2. Relevant rounded indications greater
dari 5mm (3/16 in). than 5.0 mm (3/16 in.)
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat 3. Four or more relevant rounded
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm indications in a line separated by 1.5
(1/16 in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi mm (1/16 ins.) or less, edge to edge
4. Indikasi terdeteksi seperti Crack, 4. Crack like indications detected,
terlepas dari kondisi permukaan, tidak irrespective of surface conditions, are
bisa di terima. unacceptable.
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Exhibit 1:
MAGNETIC PARTICLE TEST REPORT

Customer : ........................................ Drawing No. : ................................. Rev. ......... Report No :……...- MT…..

Project Name Procedure No.


: ........................................ : .................................. Rev. .........
Unit No : Applicable CODE : NCR Ref No :

Material Spec. Welding Process :


:
MT Equipment : Yoke Other
Current Type : AC Other Serial No. : ……………………………..
Light Intensity : Light Source :
Particle : Visible Wet
Temperature : ………………………. Particle application Spray Other
Brand’s Name/Types : ……………………….. Particle : White Contrast : …………… Cleaner :
Batch no. of Particle : ………………………… White Contrast : ……………………. Cleaner : ………………………..
Examination Method : Continuous Magnetizing technique Minimum twice in each area, right angle each other
Surface Prep. / cleaning : As welded As machined As ground Solvent Wipe
Time of Examination : After Welding After Hydro-test After PWHT Others
Scope of Examination : Base Metal Edge Prep Back Chipping
: Weld Part Repair Weld Others

Thickness Result
Weld No. Types of
Part Name ( mm ) Accepted Rejected Remarks
Discontinuities

Sketch ( Identify discontinuities listed above ) if necessary :

Examined by : Reviewed / witnessed by : Reviewed / witnessed by :

Name :
NDE Level :
Date : Date : Date :
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AC – YOKE MAGNETIZING POWER VEIFICATION LOG


( by lifting the Test block 10 pounds(4.5 kgs )
Pole Spacing
Yoke Test block ( mm ) Verified by
Month Date Time Result
Serial no. Serial no. ( Initial / Name )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
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Table T – 721
Requirements of a Magnetic Particle Examination Procedure
Non
Essential
Requirement essential Par. reference Range qualified
Variable
Variable
Magnetizing technique X 9.3 Yoke

Magnetizing current type or amperage outside range AC ( Alternating Current )


X NA
specified by this article or as previous qualified
Machining, grinding, wire brush,
wipe with wetted cloth with
Surface preparation X 9.2 solvent/remover Magnaflux SKC-S,
Oikosh C-36
Wet visible black, particle size 4 ~ 8
Magnetic particles ( fluorescent / visible, color, µm, Magnaflux – 7 HF, Oikosh I-72
X 8.1 / 8.4
particle size, wet / dry )
Method of particle application X 9.4 Spray

Method of excess particle removal X NA NA, for Wet

Minimum light intensity X 9.6 (a) min. 1065 lux

Existing Coating thickness greater than the thickness NA


X NA
demonstrated
White contrast Magnaflux WCP - 2,
Nonmagnetic surface contrast enhancement, when Oikosh M-47
X 8.4 / 9.2.4
utilized
Performance demonstration, when required X 2.3 ASME V, T 150

Examination part surface temperature outside of the


temperature range recommended by the manufacturer X 2.1 Max. 570 C
of the particles or as previous qualified
Butt, T , corner, lap joint, thick. max.
Shape or size of the examination object X 1 75 mm.

Equipment of the same type X 7 Yoke AC only

Temperature ( within those specified by Max. 570 C


X 2.1
manufacturer or as previously qualified )
Lift yoke above the part, power on,
Demagnetizing technique X 12 twisting and pull away

Post-examination cleaning technique X 13 Wiping with cloth , wire brush


SNT-TC-1A, 2006 Edition and
Personnel qualification requirements X 6 2011 Edition.
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APPENDIX 1
1 TECHNIQUE SHEET No : MTS –01
COMPONENT : Filet welds (full or partial penetration, node and nozzle welds)
TECHNICAL : Continuous magnetization, color contrast wet method
MATERIAL : Carbon Steel
MAGNETIC SOURCE : Electro magnetic, Yoke
CURRENT : AC FLUX
INDICATOR : Pie Type
POLE SPACING : As Required
BACKGROUND :Cleaned, spray with white contrast paint Magnaflux WCP-2 or Oikosh M 47
MAGNETIC PARTICLES : Magnaflux 7HF or Oikosh I 72
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA : See paragraph 14 of this procedure

INSPECTION SEQUENCE:
1. Remove slag, weld spatters, debris and other contaminant from weld surface and adjacent 1 inch
2. Spray white paint on test surface (weld). Wait till it dries.
3. Place the magnetic Yoke across the weld with pole spacing as required
4. Apply the magnetic ink between the poles and magnetic short shot the weld while the ink is flowing away from the
surface, visually inspect for indication.
5. To determine if there is sufficient magnetic force, see Section 11 of this procedure.
6. Reposition the magnetic Yoke so that the magnetic field is perpendicular to that of step 3 above Repeat step 3 above
7. If indication is observed, determined whether the indication caused by discontinuity or false /irrelevant indication.
8. This can be done by removing the indication, visually examine the surface and re-MT
9. Indication can be removed.
10. Indication can be removed by light grinding. If indication still appear after grinding
11. Inspection shall be carried out with sufficient lighting.
12. Demagnetization not required
13. During a subsequent magnetization an overlap of least one inch over the previous step is necessary to ensure complete
coverage.
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2 TECHNIQUE SHEET No. : MTS - 02


COMPONENT : Butt welds, lap joint or in flat position.
TECHNICAL : Continuous magnetization, color contrast wet method
MATERIAL : Carbon Steel
MAGNETIC SOURCE : Electro magnetic, Yoke
CURRENT : AC
FLUX INDICATOR : Pie Type
POLE SPACING : As Required
BACKGROUND :Cleaned, spray with white contrast paint Magnaflux WCP-2 or Oikosh M 47
MAGNETIC PARTICLES : Magnaflux 7HF or Oikosh I 72
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA : See paragraph 14 of this procedure

INSPECTION SEQUENCE:
1. Remove slag, weld spatters, debris and other contaminants from weld surface and adjacent 1 inch
2. Spray white paint on test surface (weld). Wait till it dries.
3. Place the magnetic Yoke across the weld with the pole spacing as required.
4. To determine if there is sufficient magnetic force, see Section 11 of this procedure.
5. Apply the magnetic ink between the poles and magnetic short shot the weld while the ink is flowing away from the
surface, visually inspect for indication.
6. Reposition the magnetic Yoke so that the magnetic field is perpendicular to that of step 3 above.
7. If indication is observed, determined whether the indication is caused by discontinuity or false/irrelevant indication.
8. This can be done by removing the indication, visually examine the surface and re-MT
9. Indication can be removed
10. Indication can be removed by light grinding. If Indication still appear after grinding repair procedure from client s hall be
followed.
11. Inspection shall be carried out with sufficient lighting
12. Demagnetization not required
13. During a subsequent magnetization an overlap of least one-inch over the previous step is necessary to ensure complete
coverage
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3 TECHNIQUE SHEET No. : MTS – 03


COMPONENT : Back gouging butt welds, and fillet welds.
TECHNICAL : Continuous magnetization, color contrast wet method
MATERIAL : Carbon Steel
MAGNETIC SOURCE : Electro magnetic, Yoke
CURRENT : AC FLUX
INDICATOR : Pie Type
POLE SPACING : As Required
BACKGROUND :Cleaned, spray with white contrast paint Magnaflux WCP-2 or Oikosh M 47
MAGNETIC PARTICLES : Magnaflux 7HF or Oikosh I 72
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA : See paragraph 14 of this procedure

INSPECTION SEQUENCE:

1. Remove slag, weld spatters and other debris from weld surface
2. Spray white paint on test surface (weld). Wait till it dries.
3. Place the magnetic yoke across the weld with pole spacing as required
4. To determine if there is sufficient magnetic force, see Section 11 of this procedure
5. Apply the magnetic ink between the poles and magnetic short shot the weld while the ink is flowing away from the
surface, visually inspect for indication.
6. Reposition the magnetic Yoke at A – A or A’ – A’ as shown above. Repeat 5 above.
7. If indication is observed, determined whether the indication is caused by discontinuity or false/ or irrelevant indication.
This can be done by removing the indication, visually examine the surface and re-MT.
8. Indications can be removed by light grinding. If indications still appear after grinding, repair procedure from client shall be
followed.
9. Inspection shall be carried out with sufficient lighting
10. Demagnetization not required.
11. During a subsequent magnetization an overlap of least one-inch over the previous step is necessary to ensure complete
coverage.
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APPENDIX 2

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SUMMARY OF REVISION SHEET

This page is a record of all revisions of the procedure and the following revision (s) has (have) been made to
this procedure.

BRIEF OF REVISION
REV. DATE PAGE

00 15 October, 2015 All First Issue


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Daftar Isi / Table of Content

Par. Uraian Par. Descriptions Page


1 Tujuan 1 Purpose 4
2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope 4
3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirement 5
4 Referensi 4 References 5
5 Definisi-definisi 5 Definitions 6
6 Kwalifikasi dan Tanggung 6 Qualification and Responsibility 6
Jawab
7 Penetrant Materials 7 Penetrant Materials 6
8 Procedure 8 Procedure 7
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation 7
8.2 Pra Pembersihan 8.2 Pre Cleaning 7
8.3 Aplikasi Penetrant 8.3 Penetrant Application 8
8.3.1 Suhu 8.3.1 Temperature 8
8.3.2 Metode 8.3.2 Methods 8
8.3.3 Waktu Penetrant 8.3.3 Penetrant (Dwell) Time 8
8.4 Penghilangan Kelebihan 8.4 Excess Penetrant Removal 8
Penetrant
8.5 Pengeringan Setelah 8.5 Drying After Penetrant 9
Penghilangan Penetrant Removal
8.6 Pengaplikasian Developer 8.6 Application of Developer 9
8.7 Pencahayaan. 8.7 Illumination. 10
9 Penginterprestasian Indikasi 9 Interpretation of Indication 10
10 Evaluasi indikasi 10 Evaluation of Indication 11
10.1 Acceptance Standard 10.1 Acceptance Standard 11
11 Pembersihan Akhir 11 Post – Examination Cleaning 13
12 Dokumentasi 12 Documentation 13
Exhibit 1, EXAMINATION Exhibit 1, EXAMINATION 14
REPORT REPORT
Appendix 1 Appendix 1 15
Table T 621.1, Essessial Table T 621.1, Essessial 16
variable variable
Table T 621.3, Minimum and Table T 621.3, Minimum and 16
maximum Limit interstage maximum Limit interstage
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1 Tujuan 1 Purpose
1.1 Untuk meyediakan petunjuk dan standar 1.1 This procedure provides guidance and
penerimaan pelaksanaan pengujian dengan acceptance standards for color contrast
color contrast visible dye penetrant untuk (visible) dye penetrant examination of
lasan, stainless steel, carbon and low weldments, stainless steel, carbon and
alloy steel materials. low alloy steel materials.
1.2 Procedure ini terdiri dari versi Enggris dan 1.2 This procedure consists of English and
Indonesia, jika ada konflik antara Indonesian versions, shall there is conflict
keduanya maka versi Enggris yang between these versions the English
dipakai. version shall govern.

2 Ruang Lingkup 2 Scope


2.1 Prosedur ini berlaku untuk sistem 2.1 This procedure is applicable to the
penetrant solvent removable. solvent removable penetrant systems.
2.2 PengujianLiquid penetrant digunakan 2.2 Liquid penetrant examination is used to
untuk mendeteksi cacat terbuka detect discontinuities that are opened to
dipermukaan material pada logam tidak the surface of nonporous metals.
berpori.
2.3 Pengujian Liquid penetrant harus 2.3 Liquid penetrant examination shall be
dilaksanakan pada langkah-langkah performed at the various stages of
fabrikasi sesuai persyaratan dari routing production thatare required by the
sheet, spesifikasi proses atau oleh applicable routing sheets, process
persyaratan kontrak pelanggan. specifications or by customer contract
requirements.
2.4 Procedure harus diqualifikasi dengan 2.4 Procedure shall be qualified by
demonstrasi, jika ada perubahan dari demonstration, when a change of
persyratan di Table T-621.1 dan Table requirement in Table T-621.1 and Table
T-621.3 diketahui sebagai essential T-621.3 identified as an essential
variable harus perlu diqualifikasi ulang variable shall require requalification of
dengan demonstrasi. Perubahan dari the procedure by demonstration. A
persyaratan diketahui sebagai change of a requirement identified as a
nonessential variable tidak diperlukan nonessential variable does not require
requalifikasi procedure. Semua perubahan re-qualification the procedure. All
dari essential atau non essential variable changes of essential or nonessential
dari yang disebut dalam prosedur ini variable from those specified by this
harus diperlukan revisi dari atau dengan procedure shall require revision of or an
addendum ke procedure. addendum to the procedure.
2.5 Persyaratan Demonstrasi : 2.5 Demonstration requirements :
a. Demonstrasi harus dilaksanakan untuk a. The demostration shall be performed to
mendapatkan kepuasan Authorized the satisfaction of the Authorized
Inspector, dibawah control dan Inspector, under thecontrol and
pengawasan dari Level III penguji yang supervision of a Level III examiner who
qualified dan certifieduntuk is qualified and certfied for performing
melaksanakan ujian method dan teknik. the examination method and technique.
b. Demonstrasi harus pada minimum satu b. The demonstration shall be on minimum
test spesimen yang mempunyai cacat one test specimen having flaws whose
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dimana ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, jumlah, size, location, orientation, quantity, and
dan karakterisasi telah ditentukan sebelum characterization have been determined
demonstrasi dan diketahui hanya oleh prior to demonstration and are known
pengawas Level III penguji. only by the supervising Level III
examiner.
c. Procedure dianggap qualified jika c. The procedure shall be considered
pengawas Level III penguji dan qualified when the supervising Level III
Authorized Inspector telah puas dengan and the Authorized Inspector are satisfied
indikasi yang didapat dengan procedure that indications produced by the
yang demonstrasikan efective demonstrated procedure effectively
menampakkan ukuran, lokasi, orientasi, reveal the size, location, orientation,
jumlah, dan karakterisasi dari cacat yang quantity, and characterization of the
diketahui didapatkan pada specimen test flaws known to be present in the
yang diuji. examination test specimen.
d. Nama dan / atau identifikasi dan tanda d. The name and/or identity and signature of
tangan dari pengawas Level III penguji the supervising Level III and the
dan Authorized Inspector yang witnessing Authorized Inspector shall be
menyaksikan harus ditambahkan untuk added to indicate their acceptance of the
menyatakan penerimaan menyatakan procedure indicate qualification.
qualifikasi procedure.

3 Persyaratan Keselamatan 3 Safety Requirements


3.1 Safety regulasi dari PT. NORTHEAST 3.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s safety
STAR NDT harus diikuti selama regulation shall be followed during
pengujian. examination.
3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION ) 3.2 SAFETY ( S.H.E INSTRUCTION )
 Selalu menggunakan PPE such as  Always use PPE such as Safety shoes,
Safety shoes, hand glove, safety glass, hand glove, safety glass, and helmet.
and helmet.
 Waspada tempat yang licin dan benda  Watch out for slippery and falling
jatuh object
 Waspada benda berbahaya sekitar  Watch out for the hazard around the
tempat kerja areas.
 Berhenti kerja dan lapor ke client an  Stop the activities and report to client
supervisor untuk tempat kerja yang and supervisor for unsafe working
tidak aman condition.
 Pakai alat pengaman ketinggian jika  Use fall protection equipment if
kerja diatas 2 m working above 2 m.
 Pungut sampah dan buang ditempat  Collect all waste and put it in agreed
yang tersedia place.
 Jangan membuang pelumas, oli atau  Do not expose any lubricant, oil or
cairan bekas test ke lantai test fluid to the ground.

4 Referensi 4 Reference
4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written 4.1 PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s
Practice Written Practice
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4.2 ASME code Sect. I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII 4.2 ASME code Sect. I, V, VIII Div. 1, VIII
Div. 2, IX , 2015 Edition dan B 31.1, Div. 2, IX , 2015 Edition and B 31.1,
2014 Edition. 2014 Edition.

5 Definisi – Definisi 5 Definitions


5.1 Developer: material yang diaplikasikan ke 5.1 Developer: a material that is applied to
permukaan tes untuk mempercepat the test surface to accelerate bleed out
keluarnya dan mempertajam kontras dari and enhance the contrast of the
indikasi. indications.
5.2 Penetrant: cairan campuran dari pewarna. 5.2 Penetrant: a solution or suspension of
dye.
5.3 Footcandle (fc): pencahayaan pada 5.3 Foot candle (fc): the illumination on
permukaan, di area 1 ft2, didistribusikan surface, 1 ft2 in area, on which is
merata dengan kekuatan 1 lm (lumen). uniformly distributed a flux of 1 lm
(lumen).
5.4 Pra pembersihan : pembersihan 5.4 Pre cleaning : the removal of surface
permukaan dari kontaminasi pada bagian contaminants from the test part so that
yang di tes sehingga tidak akan they will not interfere with the
menggangu proses pemeriksaan examination process.
5.5 Contaminant: semua barang asing ayng 5.5 Contaminant: any foreign substance
berada pada permukaan yang diuji atau present on the test surface or in the
pada material inspeksi yang akan inspection materials which will adversely
berpengaruh buruk dari performance affect the performance of liquid penetrant
liquid penetrant material. materials.
5.6 Bleedout: aksi dari liquid penetrant yang 5.6 Bleedout: the action of an entrapped
terjebak dari cacat untuk membentuk liquid penetrant in surfacing from
indikasi - indikasi discontinuities to form indications.
5.7 Post cleaning: penghilangan sisa material 5.7 Post cleaning: the removal of residual
pengujian cairan penetrant dari bagian tes liquid penetrant examination materials
setelah pengujian penetrant dilaksanakan. from the test part after the penetrant
examination has been employed.

6 Kwalifikasi dan Tanggung Jawab 6 Qualification and Responsibility


6.1 Personel yang melakukan pengujian untuk 6.1 Personnel performing examinations to the
persyaratan procedure ini harus di requirements of this specification shall be
qualifikasi sesuai dengan prosedure dari qualified in accordance with PT.
PT. NORTHEAST STAR NDT Written NORTHEAST STAR NDT’s Written
Practice Practice
6.2 Personel yang menentukan keberterimaan 6.2 Personnel determining the acceptability
sesuai syarat–syarat dari prosedur ini to the requirements of this procedure
harus Level II atau Level III. shall be Level II or Level III.

7 Material penetrant 7 Penetrant Material


7.1 Semua material penetrant (cleaning 7.1 All penetrant material (cleaning agents,
agents, penetrant, solvents, developer, penetrant, solvents, developer, etc.) prior
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dll.) sebelum digunakan pada nickel base to their use on nickel base alloys,
alloys, austenitic or duplex stainless steel austenitic or duplex stainless steel and
and titanium harus memiliki sertifikat titanium shall have their contaminant
contaminant contents sesuai dengan contents certified in accordance with the
persyaratan T-641, Mandatory Appendix requirements of T-641, Mandatory
II, Article 6, Section V, dari ASME Code. Appendix II, Article 6, Section V, of the
ASME Code.
7.2 Pencampuran material penetrant dari grup 7.2 Intermixing of penetrant materials from
yang berbeda dari supplier yang berbeda different groups or from different
tidak diperbolehkan. suppliers within a group is not permitted.
7.3 Merk dan produk lain dari yang disebut di 7.3 Brand name or products other than
prosedur ini bisa digunakan asalkan specified in this procedure may be used
demonstrasi untuk bisa memuaskan provided demonstration to the
Authorized Inspector harus dilaksanakan. satisfaction of the Authorized Inspector
to be performed.
7.4 Daftar material dibawah ini ( atau 7.4 The following list of materials (or their
equivalennya ) boleh digunakan untuk equivalents) may be used for liquid
pengujian dari liquid penetrant: penetrant examination:
Group II – method C – Visible Solvent Group II – method C – Visible Solvent
Removable Removable
Supplier Material Type Supplier Material Type
Magnaflux Penetrant SKL- SP 1 Magnaflux Penetrant SKL- SP 1
Magnaflux Solvent / Remover SKC-S Magnaflux Solvent / Remover SKC-S
Magnaflux Developer SKD-S2 Magnaflux Developer SKD-S2
Oikosh Penetrant H - 41 Oikosh Penetrant H - 41
Oikosh Solvent / Remover C - 36 Oikosh Solvent / Remover C - 36
Oikosh Developer D - 78 Oikosh Developer D - 78

8 Procedure 8 Procedure
8.1 Persiapan Permukaan 8.1 Surface Preparation
8.1.1 Sebelum dilaksanakan pengujian 8.1.1 Prior to Liquid Penetrant examination ,
Penetrant, permukaan yang akan di uji dan the Surface to be examined and any
area dengan jarak minimal 1” (25 mm) adjacent area within at least 1” (25 mm)
setiap sisinya area tersebut, harus kering, of the surface to be examined, shall be
bebas dari semua kotoran, grease, oli, dry and free of any dirt, grease, oil, sand,
pasir, loose, rust, scale, atau material loose rust, scale, or any other foreign
lainnya yang akan menggangu pada saat material which would interfere with
pengujian. examination.
8.1.2 Grit atau shot blasting tidak di ijinkan 8.1.2 Grit or shot blasting is prohibited as a
sebagai metode persiapan permukaan. method of surface preparation. The
Persiapan permukaan dengan mein surface preparation by grinding,
gerinda, mesin, atau metode lain mungkin machining, or other methods may be
diperlukan necessary.
8.2 Pembersihan awal 8.2 Pre Cleaning
8.2.1 Precleaning: penghilangan kontaminasi 8.2.1 Precleaning: the removal of surface
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permukaan dari bagian tes sehingga contaminants from the test part so that
mereka tidak mengganggu proses they will not interfere with the
pengujian. examination process.
8.2.2 Metode dari pra pembersihan dengan 8.2.2 The metods of pre cleaning by directly
langsung menyemprotkan pelarut spray solvent to the surface being
pembersih di permukaan yang di uji. examined.
8.2.3 Pengeringan permukaan untuk pengujian 8.2.3 Drying of the surfaces to be examined
setelah dibersihkan dilakukan dengan after cleaning shall be accomplished by
penguapan normal. Periode waktu normal evaporation. A period of time
minimum 1 menit harus ditunggu untuk minimum 1 minutes shall be established
memastikan bahwa larutan pemebersih to ensure that the cleaning solution has
sudah menguap sebelum penerapan evaporated prior to the application of
penetrant. penetrant.

8.3 Aplikasi Penetrant 8.3 Penetrant Application


8.3.1 Suhu 8.3.1 Temperature
8.3.1.1 Pada semua hal rekomendasi dari pabrik 8.3.1.1 In all cases manufacturer’s
pembuat harus dikuti. recommendation shall be followed.
8.3.1.2 Teknik standar, suhu dari penetrant dan 8.3.1.2 As a standard technique, the temperature
permukaan benda uji tidak boleh dibawah of the penetrant and the surface of the
50oF (10oC) atau diatas 125oF (52oC) part to be examined shall not be below
saat periode pengujian. Pemanasan atau 50oF (10oC) nor above 125oF (52oC)
pendinginan lokal diperbolehkan asalkan throughout the examination period.
selama pengujian suhu tetap dalam range Local heating or cooling is permitted
dari 50oF sampai 125oF (10oC sampai provided the part temperature remains in
52oC). the range of 50oF to 125oF (10oC to 52oC)
during the examination.
8.3.1.3 Apabila tidak bisa di aplikasikan sesuai 8.3.1.3 Where it is not practical to comply with
dengan pembatasan suhu, suhu dan waktu this temperature limitation, other
yang lain boleh digunakan, harus di temperatures and dwell times may be
lakukan kualifikasi pada prosedur yang di used, provided the qualification of
gunakan. procedure shall be performed.
8.3.2 Metode 8.3.2 Methods
Penetrant bisa diaplikasikan dengan The penetrant shall be applied by
dikuas. brushing.
8.3.3 Dwell Time Penetran 8.3.3 Penetrant (Dwell) Time
Dwell Time Penetran adalah sangat kritis Penetrant (dwell) time is critical and shall
dan harus dilakukan 10 ~ 30 menit. Area be 10 ~ 30 minutes. The area to be
yang akan di lakukan pengujian harus examined shall remain wetted by the
tetap di basahi oleh penetrant selama penetrant throughout the entire
waktu penetrasi (dwell). penetration (dwell) time.

8.4 Penghilangan Kelebihan Penetrant 8.4 Excess Penetrant Removal


8.4.1 Setelah waktu penetrasi terlewati, cairan 8.4.1 After the specified penetration (dwell)
penetran yang berada dipermukaan benda time has elapsed, any penetrant
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uji harus dihilangkan, dilaksanakan remaining on the surface shall be


dengan hati-hati untuk menghindari removed, taking care to minimize
penghilangan cairan tersebut dari cacat removal of penetrant from
yang akan diuji. discontinuities.
8.4.2 Kelebihan Solvent removable penetrants 8.4.2 Excess solvent removable penetrants
dibuang dengan mengelapnya dengan kain shall be removed by wiping with a dry
yang kering atau kertas serap air, lakukan clean cloth or absorbent paper, repeating
berulang sampai sisa penetran the operation until most traces of
dipermukaan benda uji hilang. penetrant have been removed.
8.4.3 Sisa yang lain dihilangkan dengan 8.4.3 The remaining traces shall be removed by
mengusap ringan permukaan benda lightly wiping the surface with a clean
dengan kain bersih atau kertas serap air cloth or absorbent paper moistened with
yang telah diberi solvent. solvent.
8.4.4 Untuk meminimasi penghilangan penetran 8.4.4 To minimize removal of penetrant from
dari cacat, pemakaian solvent harus discontinuities, care shall be taken to
sehati-hati mungkin. Tidak diperbolehkan avoid the use of excess solvent. Flushing
untuk menyemprotkan solvent, setelah the surface with solvent, following the
selesainya aplikasi penetran dan sebelum application of the penetrant and prior to
waktu developing. developing, is prohibited.

8.5 Pengeringan Setelah Penghilangan 8.5 Drying After Penetrant Removal


Penetrant
Pengeringan ada bagian pembersihan Drying of part after removal of excess
penetrant yang dengan penguapan solvent removable penetrant shall be
normal, waktu penguapan setelah carried out by normal evaporation, the
pembersihan penetrant harus maximum drying after removal excess penetrant
5 menit. shall be maximum 5 minutes.

8.6 Pengaplikasian Developer 8.6 Application of Developer


8.6.1 Developer harus diaplikasikan dengan 8.6.1 The developer shall be applied by
disemprotkan segera setelah penghilangan spraying after the penetrant removal as
penetrant sesuai par.8.5, maximum 5 stated in par. 8.5, shall be maximum 5
menit. minutes.
8.6.2 Sebelum developer diaplikasikan pada 8.6.2 Prior to applying the developer to the
permukaan, developer harus dikocok surface, the developer must be
terlebih dahulu supaya partikel bercampur thoroughly agitated to ensure adequate
secara merata. dispersion of suspended particles.
8.6.3 Developer harus diaplikasikan sehingga 8.6.3 The developer shall be applied so that the
tebal lapisannya cukup untuk menarik coating thickness is sufficient enough to
cairan dari cacat ke permukaan tetapi draw the penetrant out of discontinuities,
tidak boleh berlebihan yang bisa but not too excessive which could cause
menutupi indikasi dari cacat tersebut. the masking of indications.
8.6.4 Developing time untuk interpretasi akhir 8.6.4 The minimum developing times for final
adalah 10 menit tetapi tidak lebih dari 30 interpretation is 10 minutes but no longer
menit. than 30 minutes.
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8.7 Pencahayaan. 8.7 Illumination.


8.7.1 Pengujian menggunakan color contrast 8.7.1 Examination using colour contrast visible
visible dye penetrant harus dilaksanakan dye penetrant shall be performed under
dengan cahaya visible. Light meter harus visible light. Light meter shall be
dikalibrasi paling sedikit setahun sekali calibrated at least once a year or
atau jika meter telah direpair. Jika meter whenever the meter has been repaired. If
tidak dipakai setahun atau lebih kalibrasi meters has not been in use for one year
harus dilakukan sebelum digunakan. or more, calibration shall be done before
being used.
8.7.2 Minimum intensity cahaya 105fc 8.7.2 A minimum light intensity of 105 fc
(1050Lx) pada permukaan kerja (1050 Lx) at the work surface is required
dibutuhkan untuk meyakinkan sensitivitas to ensure adequate sensitivity during the
selama pengujian dan evaluasi dari examination and evaluation of
indikasi mencukupi. indications.
8.7.3 Sumber cahaya, teknik yang digunakan, 8.7.3 The light source, technique, and light
dan level verifikasi dibutuhkan untuk level verification are required to be
didemonstrasikan satu kali, demonstrated once, documented, and
didokumenkan, dan disimpan sebagai file. maintained on file.

9 Penginterprestasian Indikasi 9 Interpretation of Indication


9.1 Pengamatan untuk informasi indikasi 9.1 Observation of the information of
dimulai segera setelah aplikasi dari indications begin immediately after the
pengeringan developer atau segera saat application of a dry developer or as soon
masih basah lapisan developer mengering. as wet developer coating is dry.
9.2 Interpretasi akhir indikasi harus dilakukan 9.2 Final interpretation of indications shall be
setelah penetarnt tampak selama minimal made after allowing the penetrant to
10 menit, tetapi tidak boleh lebih dari 30 bleed-out for at least 10 minutes, but no
menit. longer than 30 minutes.
9.3 Indikasi yang relevan adalah indikasi yang 9.3 Relevant indications are those
di sebabkan oleh diskontinuitas yang indications caused by discontinuities that
terbuka ke permukaan pengujian dan are opened to the examination surface
dengan dimensi besarnya dari 1/16 inchi ( and with major dimension grater than
1.5 mm ), dimensi kurang dari 1/16 inchi 1/16 inch (1.5 mm), should the dimension
(1.5 mm ) disebut indikasi tidak relevan less than 1/16 inch (1.5 mm) then it is
dan bisa di abaikan. called no relevant indication; it may be
ignored.
9.4 Indikasi yang meragukan adalah indikasi 9.4 False indications are indications caused
yang disebabkan oleh kondisi by conditions other than discontinuities.
diskontinuitas. Permukaan yang tidak rata Surface irregularities due to machining,
disebabkan oleh proses mesin, gerinda, grinding, or welding are conditions that
atau kondisi pengelasan yang may cause false indications.
menyebabkan indikasi meragukan.
9.5 Indikasi yang meragukan yang bisa 9.5 False indications that could mask
menutupi indikasi tidak bisa diterima dan indications are unacceptable and shall be
harus di uji ulang. reexamined.
Kondisi permukaan harus dilakukan untuk Surface conditioning shall proceed the
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pengujian yang di ulang reexamination.


9.6 Area pigmentasi yang dapat menutupi 9.6 Broad areas of pigmentation which could
indikasi relevan tidak bias diterima dan mask relevant indications are
harus dibersihkan dan di uji ulang unacceptable and shall be cleaned and
reexamined.
9.7 Indikasi yang memanjang adalah indikasi 9.7 Linear indications are indications
yang memiliki panjang lebih besar dari having a length greater than three times a
tiga kali lebar width
9.8 Indikasi bulat adalah indikasi bulat atau 9.8 Rounded indications are circular or
bentuk ellip dengan panjang sama dengan elliptical shapes with a length equal to or
atau kurang dari tiga kali lebar less than three times its width.

10 Evaluasi indikasi 10 Evaluation of Indication


a. Sebuah indikasi dari cacat mungkin lebih a. An indication of an imperfection may be
besar dari cacat yang menyebabkannya; larger than the imperfection that cause it;
namun , ukuran dari indikasi adalah yang however the size of the indication is the
menjadi dasar evaluasi penerimaan. basic for acceptance evaluation.
b. Standar penerimaan ini harus diterapkan b. The acceptance standard shall apply
kecuali ada standar penerimaan yang lebih unless other more restrictive standards
ketat lainya dan ditetapkan untuk bahan are specified for specific material or
tertentu atau aplikasinya. application.

10.1 Standar Penerimaan 10.1 Acceptance Standard


10.1.1 ASME BPV Code Section I, Appendix A, 10.1.1 ASME BPV Code Section I, Appendix A,
Para A-270 Para A-270
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama yang a. Only indications with major dimensions
lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) harus greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in) shall be
dianggap relevan, considered relevant.
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free of:
bebas dari: 1. Relevant linear Indications.
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 2. Relevant rounded indications greater than
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 5mm (3/16 in).
dari 5mm (3/16 in). 3. Four or more rounded indications in a
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat line separated by 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) or
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm (1/16 less, edge to edge
in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi

10.1.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1, 10.1.2 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div.1,
Appendix 8 Para 8.3 & 8.4 Appendix 8 Para 8.3 & 8.4
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama yang a. Only indications with major dimensions
lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) harus greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free of:
bebas dari: 1. Relevant linear indications
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 2. Relevant rounded indications greater than
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 5 mm (3/16 in.)
dari 5mm (3/16 in). 3. Four or more rounded indications in a
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3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat line separated by 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) or
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm (1/16 less, edge to edge
in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi

10.1.3 ASME B31.1 Power Piping, Para 146.4.4: 10.1.3 ASME B31.1 Power Piping, Para 146.4.4:
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama yang a. Indications with major dimensions greater
lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) harus than 2.0 mm (1/16 in) shall be considered
dianggap relevan, relevant,
b. Indikasi relevan berikut ini tidak bisa b. The following relevant indications are not
diterima: acceptable:
1. Ada Retak atau Indikasi memanjang 1. Any cracks or linear indications
2. Indikasi yang bulat lebih besar dari 5mm 2. Rounded indications greater than 5.0 mm
(3/16 in). (3/16 in.)
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat 3. Four or more relevant rounded
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm (1/16 indications in a line separated by 2.0 mm
in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi (1/16 in) or less, edge to edge
4. Sepuluh atau lebih indikasi bulat 3870 mm 4. Ten or more rounded indications in any
persegi (6 ins persegi.) di permukaan 3870 square mm (6 square ins.) of surface
dengan dimensi utama pada suatu area with the major dimension of this area not
tidak melebihi dari 150 mm (6 ins) dengan to exceed 150 mm (6 ins) with the area
luasan diambil di lokasi yang paling relatif taken in the most unfavourable location
tidak menguntungkan untuk indikasi pada relative to the indications being
saat di evaluasi. evaluated.

10.1.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. IX, Part 195.2.2 10.1.4 ASME BPV Code Sect. IX, Part 195.2.2
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama yang a. Only indications with major dimensions
lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) harus greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free of:
bebas dari: 1. Relevant linear indications.
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. Indikasi 2. Relevant rounded indications greater than
relevan yang bulat lebih besar dari 5mm 5 mm (3/16 in.)
(3/16 in). 3. Four or more relevant rounded
2. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat indications in a line separated by 1.5 mm
dalam satu garis dipisahkan 1.5 mm (1/16 (1/16 in) or less, edge to edge.
in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi .

10.1.5 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2, Part 10.1.5 ASME BPV Code Sect. VIII Div. 2, Part
7.5.7.1 (d) and 7.5.7.2 7.5.7.1 (d) and 7.5.7.2
a. Hanya indikasi dengan dimensi utama yang a. Only indications with major dimensions
lebih besar dari 1.5 mm (1/16 in) harus greater than 1.5 mm (1/16 in.) shall be
dianggap relevan, considered relevant,
b. Semua permukaan yang akan di uji harus b. All surfaces to be examined shall be free of:
bebas dari: 1. Relevant linear indications
1. Indikasi relevan yang memanjang. 2. Relevant rounded indications greater than
2. Indikasi relevan yang bulat lebih besar 5 mm (3/16 in.)
dari 5mm (3/16 in). 3. Four or more relevant rounded
3. Empat atau lebih indikasi yang bulat indications in a line separated by 1.5 mm
dalam satu garis dipisahkan dengan 1.5 (1/16 in) or less, edge to edge
mm (1/16 in.) atau kurang , tepi ke tepi 4. Crack like indications detected,
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4. Indikasi terdeteksi seperti Crack, terlepas irrespective of surface conditions, are
dari kondisi permukaan, tidak bisa di unacceptable.
terima.

11 Pembersihan Akhir 11 Post – Examination Cleaning


11.1 Pebersihan akhir pengujian hanya 11.1 Post – Examination Cleaning is required
dilakukan bila bahan penetrant yang only when penetratnt materials will affect
digunakan akan merusak bagian yang di the use of the parts being tested by their
uji karena mengoktaminasinya. Bahan contaminant. The cleaning agents, or
pembersih atau bahan pelarut sesuai solvents meeting the requirements of this
persyaratan di procedure ini dan harus procedure shall be used for the post-
digunakan untuk menghilangkan sisa examination removal of penetrant
bahan penetrant pasca pengujian . materials.
11.2 Menghilangkan developer dan bekas 11.2 Removing of developer and tracing
material penetran harus dengan mengelap penetrant shall be by wiping with dry
dengan kain bersih, kemudian di semprot cloth, followed by spraying with solvent
dengan solvent remover. remover.

12 Dokumentasi 12 Documentation
Hasil dar pengujian harus dicatat pada Examination results shall be recorded on
Penetrant Examination Report (Exhibit 1). the Penetrant Examination Report
(Exhibit 1).
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Exhibit 1
PENETRANT TEST REPORT

Customer :...................................... Drawing No. : ................................ Rev. ......... Report No : … - PT-…..


Project Name :...................................... Procedure No. : ............................... Rev. .........
Unit No : Applicable CODE : NCR Ref No :
Material Spec. : Welding Process :
Penetrant Type / Method : Visible Solvent Removable Other
Brand’s Name/Type : ........................................ Penetrant : ……………….… Cleaner: ……………… Developer: ………...…...
Method pre-cleaning : Solvent spray Drying after pre-cleaning :
Penetrant Application : Brush Spray Dwell Time : …………..
Temperature :.………….....
Light Intensity Light Source : Method
: ...................................... ………………………………………………….……………
removing excess penetrant
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Drying
after remove excess penetrant : …………………. Developer App. ……………………... Developing Time : ……………...
Batch No. of Penetrant : Cleaner : Developer :
Surface Preparation / : As Welded Machining Grinding Solvent spray
Time of Examination : After Welding After Hydro-test After PWHT Others
Scope of Examination : Base Metal Edge Prep Back Chipping
: Weld Part Repair Weld Others

Thickness Result
Weld No. Types Of
Part Name ( mm ) Accepted Rejected Remarks
Discontinuities

Sketch ( Identify discontinuities listed above ) if necessary :

Examined by : Reviewed / witnessed by : Reviewed / witnessed by :

Name :
NDE Level :
Date : Date : Date :
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APPENDIX 1

TECHNIQUE SHEET NO. PTS-01

Component : weldments and materials of stainless steel, titanium, carbon and low
alloy steel.
Method : Visible, Solvent – Removable and Water Wsahable
Penetrant Solvent – Removable : Magnaflux SKL – SP1 or OIKOSH – H - 41
Cleaner / Remover : Magnaflux SKC – S or OIKOSH – C - 36
Developer : Magnaflux SKD – S2 or OIKOSH – D - 78
Acceptance Criteria : As per Section 10.1 of this procedure.

Sequence of Examination
No. Paragraph Activity Remark
1 8.1 Surface preparation - adjacent areas within at least 25.4 mm from welds
- Clean of all foreign particles, dressed smooth as
necessary (grit/shot blasting is prohibited )
2 8.2 Pre-cleaning - adjacent areas within at least 25.4 mm, directly spray
solvent to the surface being examined.
- drying .minimum 1 minutes, by normal evaporation or
forced warm air
3 8.3 Apply penetrant - temperature 100 – 520C
- by brushing
4 8.3.3 Allowed dwell time - 10 ~ 30 minutes
- remain wet
5 8.4.1 Removal of excess penetrant - flushing is prohibited
( solvent removable ) - by dry clean cloth or absorbent paper
- lightly wiping clean cloth moistened with solvent
- drying after remove excess penetrant max. 5 minutes
6 8.5 Drying - by normal evaporation, blotting, wiping or forced air
- after remove excess penetrant max. 5 minutes
7 8.6 Apply developer - coating thickness is sufficient enough, not too excessive
- developing time 10 ~ 30 minutes
8 8.8 Interpretation of indications - minimum light intensity of 105 fc (1050 Lx) at the
work surface
- observation started at the beginning of developing
- final interpretation, 10 – 30 minutes ( developing time )
- non-relevant indications and broad areas are unacceptable
and re-examined
9 8.10 Post cleaning - use cleaning agents or solvent
10 9 Reporting - All blank item shall be filled out
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Table T – 621.1
Requirements of a Liquid Penetrant Examination Procedure
Non
Essential Par.
Requirement essential Qualified range
Variable reference
Variable
Visible dye, Magnaflux SKC-S, SKL-SP
Identification of and any change in type or
X 1/7.3 / 7.4 1/2, SKD – S2, Oikosh C-36, H-41, D-78
family group of penetrant materials including
developers, emulsifiers, etc.
Machining, grinding, cleaning by wire
Surface preparation ( finishing and cleaning,
X 8.1 / 8.2 brush, spray with solvent / remover
including type of cleaning solvent remover )
Magnaflux – SKC – S, Oikosh C-36
brush
Method of applying penetrant X 8.3.2
Wiping with dry cloth, moistened cloth
Method of removing excess surface penetrant
X 8.4 with solvent / remover Magnaflux – SKC –
S, Oikosh C-36
Method of applying developer X 8.6.1 Spray
Minimum and maximum time periods between Drying after pre-cleaning minimum 1 mnt.,
X 8.2.3/8.5
steps and drying aids after penetrant removal maximum 5 mnt.
Decrease in penetrant dwell time X 8.3.3 10 ~ 30 mnt.
Increase in developer dwell time ( interpretation
X 8.6.4 10 ~ 30 mnt.
time )

Minimum light intensity 1000 Lux. X 9.2 min. 1050 lux


0
Surface temperature outside 40 to 125 F ( 5 to
X 8.3.1 10 ~ 52 0 C
520 C ) or as previous qualified
Performance demonstration, when required X 2.4 ASME V, T150
SNT-TC-1A, 2006 Edition and 2011
Personnel qualification requirements X 6 Edition.

Materials, shapes, or sizes to be examined and Carbon Steel Butt, T , corner, lap joint,
X 1
the extent of examination examination based on NDE request

Post examination cleaning technique Wiping dry cloth, spray with solvent,
X 12
wiping dry cloth

Table T – 621.3
Minimum and maximum Time Limits for Steps in Penetrant Examination Procedures
Par. Qualified range
Requirement Minimum Maximum
reference
Drying after preparation (T-643) X 8.2.3 Minimum 1 minute
Penetrant dwell (T-672) X X 8.3.3 10 ~ 30 minutes.
Drying after penetrant removal (T-674) X 8.5 Maximum 5 minutes
Developer application (T-675) X 8.6.1 Maximum 5 minutes
Developing and interpretation time (T-675.3 and
X 8.6.4 10 ~ 30 minutes.
T-676)
MUHAMMAD FIKRI S
Tiban Taman Sari hijau Blok F4 No.14 Sekupang
Batam-Kepri
Indonesia
mobile : +6281372201570, e-mail : fikri_k1@yahoo.com

CURRICULUM VITAE

PERSONAL DATA:
Name : Muhammad Fikri Saputra
Sex : Male
Place and Date of Birth : Palembang, August 20th, 1984
Religion : Moslem
Status : Single
Address : Tiban Taman Sari Hijau Blok F4 No.14 Sekupang
Batam-Kepri
Mobile Number : +6281372201570
e-mail : fikri_k1@yahoo.com

FORMAL EDUCATION:
A. 1990 – 1996 Elementary School at MI Daarul Aitam Palembang
B. 1996 – 1999 Junior High School at SMP Daarul Aitam Palembang
C. 1999 – 2002 Senior High School at SMK N 2 Palembang

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING & SEMINAR ATTENDED:


Sept 2007 : Radiography Test level I (OR – BATAN)
March 2011 : Radiography Test level II (AR – BATAN)
Jan 2012 : Sea Survival Training
Apr 2012 : Performing Autority Training

QUALIFICATION :
 Radiography Test Level II (issued by National Nuclear Energy Agency – BATAN) valid until
May 10, 2016

WORK EXPERIENCE:
1. Company : PT SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Period : March 2012 – present
Position : Radiographic Intepreter (AR)

2. Company : PT SHAHIB SEJATI


Period : December 2011 – March 2012
Position : Radiographic Intepreter (AR)

Page 1 of 3
MUHAMMAD FIKRI S
Tiban Taman Sari hijau Blok F4 No.14 Sekupang
Batam-Kepri
Indonesia
mobile : +6281372201570, e-mail : fikri_k1@yahoo.com

3. Company : PT WELDTECH INDO NUSANTARA


Period : April 2011 – November 2011
Position : Radiographic Intepreter (AR)

4. Company : PT LEKOM MARAS


Period : March 2007 – April 2011
Position : Operator Radiographic (OR)

PROJECT ASSIGNMENT:

March 12 to present : JOB PERTAMINA – TALISMAN ENERGY


Air Serdang, South Sumatra – Indonesia
 Radiographic Intepreter for various pipeline and piping.

Jan 12 to March 12 : PEARL OIL (SEBUKU) LTD


Pendingin, East Kalimantan – Indonesia
 Radiographic Intepreter for Structural work Ruby Field
Development Project.

Dec 11 to Jan 12 : TOTAL E & P INDONESIA


Handil, East Kalimantan – Indonesia
 Radiographic Intepreter for various project as follows ; Remote
Wellconn and pipe laying,Tatun Wellconn Package 3A,Peciko
7A,Peciko 7B,Wellconn 4B, Wellconn 13A.

Apr 11 to Nov 11 : PT INDAH KIAT PULP & PAPER


Perawang - Indonesia
 Radiographic Intepreter for Boyler process and piping project
such as ; Multi boyler MB#24,Upgrade Recovery boyler RB#6
and Shutdown RB#13.

Apr 08 to Apr 11 : PT McDERMOTT INDONESIA


Batam Island - Indonesia
 Carried out Radiographic inspection for various project as
follows;
 CHEVRON GORGON project – WQT and PQR
 CHEVRON GE VETCO project – WQT and PQR
 CHEVRON PLATONG GAS II project – Deck and Jacket
 MAERSK PEREGRINO project for process piping
 MAERSK PEREGRINO FPSO Topside Facilities for
Structural work

Jan 08 to Apr 08 : PT PRODUCTION TESTER INDONESIA


Batam Island - Indonesia
 Conduct Radiographic inspection for project as follows ;

Page 2 of 3
MUHAMMAD FIKRI S
Tiban Taman Sari hijau Blok F4 No.14 Sekupang
Batam-Kepri
Indonesia
mobile : +6281372201570, e-mail : fikri_k1@yahoo.com

Seleraya, Pearl Oil Thailand, Chevron, NU Costal, PVD


Vietnam, UZMA-Petronas Carigali,Bayan Delta, Pearl
Oil(Sebuku)Ltd, Petrochina Internation Jabung Ltd, Pearl Oil
Ragay, IHI- ARZEW Algeria project.

March 07 to Jan 08 : VARIOUS SHIPYARD


Batam Island – Indonesia
 Conduct Radiographic inspection on process piping, hull structure
of ship & barge, super tanker,etc for various project such as;
 PT. ASL SHIPYARD,
 PT. JAYA ASIATIC SHIPYARD,
 PT. NANINDAH MUTIARA SHIPYARD.

SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE:


1. Language
 English
 Indonesian
2. Computer
 Office : MS Word, MS Excel, MS Power Point.
 Operation System : Windows ( 98, 2000, XP, Vista, Windows7).
 Other software : AutoCad
 Hardware : Troubleshooting & trouble solving, installation.
3. Others
 Non Destructive Testing of Radiography Test ( X-ray and Gamma Camera )
 Non Destructive Testing of Ultrasonic Test (Epoch XT and USM 35)
 Non Destructive Testing of Magnetic Particle Test
 Non Destructive Testing of Liquid Penetrant Test
 Non Destructive Testing of Hardness Test
 Radiation Protection Equipment

PERSONAL STRENGTH AND ACHIEVEMENTS:


 Able to work on own initiative and within a team environment.
 Excellent communication skills, applied at all levels within the organization/company and
with community groups.

Page 3 of 3
CURICULUM VITAE

PERSONAL:

NAME : M.ISNANDAR
DATE of BIRTH : December,07,1987
MARITAL STATUS : Single
RELIGION : Moslem
NATIONALITY : Indonesian
EDUCATION : Graduate of Technical High School
QUALIFICATION : RADIOGRAPHY Level I (OR) BATAN
& MT/PT ASNT Level II
ADDRESS : Muara jawa,pesisir kel.muara jawa, kalimantan timur
TELPN : 082114247136

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND ATTENDED

NOVEMBER 2011 : Operator Radiography Testing Course for Industrial application


Theoetical and Practical ( 80 hours ) as Certified as Radiography
Level I.Conduct by National Atomic Energy Agency ( BATAN ) Jakarta..

DESEMBER 2011 :Technical High School MT/PT ASNT


:DATE OF Certification December 2011
DATE OF Expiration December 2016

WORKING EXPERIENCES AND PROJECT ASSIGNMENT

2008 : ass Radiograhy Test,MT/PT di PT.Shahib Sejati

Project name : In shop Boiler and pressure vessel fabrication


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. Grand Kartech Engineering
Locatioan : Pulogadung - jakarta
Job description : As Radiograhy Test,MT/PT and HARDNESS TEST
Project name : In shop Boiler and pressure vessel fabrication
Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. ZUG
Locatioan : Cengkareng - jakarta
Job description : AS Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name : WELLCONNECTION 3A


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT.MAINDO
Locatioan : Handil - KALTIM
Job description : AS Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name :PEROIL


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. MEINDO
Locatioan : HANDIL - KALTIM
Job description : As MT/PT and Radiograhy

Project name : PCIKO 7B


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. MEINDO
Locatioan : HANDIL - KALTIM
Job description : As Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name : TANK BOLA


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. BBB
Locatioan : MERAK - BANTEN
Job description : ASs.MT/PT
project name : In shop Boiler and pressure vessel fabrication
Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. SBS & AMA
Locatioan : Cikande - BANTEN
Job description : As Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name : WELLCONN 13A


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. MAINDO
Locatioan : HANDIL - KALTIM
Job description : As Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name : SOUT MAHAKAM 1& 2 EPSC1


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT.MAINDO
Locatioan : HANDIL - KALTIM
Job description : As Radiograhy Test and MT/PT

Project name : In shop Boiler and pressure vessel fabrication


Employer : PT.Shahib Sejati
Costumer : PT. SBS
Locatioan : CIKANDE - jakarta
Job description : HARDNESS TEST

Project name : Maintenence


Employer : PT.Kualita Inspectindo Dinamika
Costumer : CITIC SERAM ENERGY Ltd
Locatioan : SERAM BULA - AMBON
Job description : : As Radiograhy Test

Project name : Maintenence


Employer : PT.Shahib sejati
Costumer : PERTAMINA PHE WHO
Locatioan : LABUAN GERSIK
Job description : : As Radiograhy Test
Project name : WELLCONNECTION , SMK 3, BEKAPAI
Employer : PT.Shahib sejati
Costumer : TOTAL
Locatioan : MEINDO
Job description : : As Radiograhy Test
CURRI CULUM VI TAE
P ERSONA L DETAI L S

Full Name : Muhammad Yamin, S.Pd.


Place of Birth : Lahat, Indonesia
Date of Birth : April 25, 1986
Gender : Male
Religion : Moslem
Marital Status : Married
Nationality : Indonesian
Phone Number : 082376911011

FORMAL EDU CATI ON

Strata I (S1)

SU MMA RY OF QU AL I FI CATION

May 2014 : Radiographic Testing Course for Industrial Application


Theoretical and Pratical
(RT Level II-Radiographer/ 80 Hours)
Conducted by : Badan Tenaga Atom Nasional Jakarta, Indonesia.

September 2011 : Radiographic Testing Course for Industrial Application


Theoretical and Practical.
(RT Level I Operator Radiography)
Conducted by : Badan Tenaga Atom Nasional Jakarta, Indonesia.

P ROFESI ONAL EXP ERI ENCE

· Project Name : Pusri II B


Employer : PT. MULTI TERAINDO
Customer : PT. PUSRI PALEMBANG
Location : Palembang
Job description : Conduct radiography test & Radiography Interpreter
Time commenced : Juli 2014 - Maret 2016

· Project Name : Civil & Infrastructure Rantau Dedap


Employer : PT. INDOTIMAS SYIFA PERKASA
Customer : PT. LEIGHTON CONTRACTORS INDONESIA
Location : Lahat-Sumatera Selatan
Job description : Conduct radiography test & Radiography Interpreter
Time commenced : 1 November 2014 - 4 November 2014

· Project Name : Pipeline, Tangki dan Konstruksi lainnya


Employer : PT. SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Customer : PT. PERTAMINA EP REGION SUMATERA FIELD PRABUMULIH
Location : Prabumulih-Sumatera Selatan
Job description : Conduct radiography test & Radiography Interpreter
Time commenced : May 2014- Juli 2014

· Project Name : Pipeline Oil 4" Prabumulih


Page 1 of 2 Employer : PT. HEKSA ARDIPA PRATAMA CV - M.Yamin
Customer : PT. PERTAMINA EP REGION SUMATERA FIELD PRABUMULIH
Location : Prabumulih-Sumatera Selatan
Job description : Conduct radiography test & Radiography Interpreter
Time commenced : 8 Juni 2014- 13 Juni 2014

· Project Name : Pipeline, Tangki dan Konstruksi lainnya


Employer : PT. SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Customer : PT. PERTAMINA EP REGION SUMATERA FIELD PRABUMULIH
Location : Prabumulih-Sumatera Selatan
Job description : Conduct radiography test
Time commenced : 2 Oktober 2012- Mei 2014

· Project Name : Pipeline Jaringan Distribusi Gas Rumah Tangga


Employer : PT. SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Customer : DITJEN MIGAS / PT. ILAMARU JAYA
Location : Prabumulih-Sumatera Selatan
Job description : Conduct radiography test
Time commenced : 28 Jun 2012- 27 Sept 2012

· Project Name : South Sumatra NGL Project


Employer : PT. SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Customer : PT. Tripatra Engineers & Constructors
Location : Plant S.Gerong Palembang
Job description : Conduct radiography test
Time commenced : 20 April 2012- 19 Mei 2012

· Project Name : Project pipeline 4" Merangin Dua


Employer : PT. SURVEYOR INDONESIA
Customer : PT. SELE RAYA MERANGIN DUA
Location : Ds.Belani to Ds.Pauh MURA Palembang
Job description : Conduct radiography test
Time commenced : 20 Feb 2012- 19 April 2012

· Project Name : Project PLTU 3 Banten


Employer : PT. ORBIT PETROLEUM INSPEKSI
Customer : PT. SEPCO
Location : Lontar, Banten
Job description : Conduct Assistant radiography Test Using X-ray and gamma ray
Time commenced : Okt 2009- Jan, 2010

· Project Name : Tunu 11 S EPSC 1+2


Employer : PT. OENGGUL PIPA INSPEKSITAMA
Customer : PT. GUNANUSA UTAMA FABRICATORS
Location : Cilegon
Job description : Conduct Assistant radiography test
Time Commenced : Nov 07- Jan 08

· Project Name : Pertamina Proyek Pembangunan Gas Sumbagsel (PPGS) SKG Paket II
Employer : PT. OENGGUL PIPA INSPEKSITAMA
Customer : PT. INTI KARYA PERSADA TEKNIK
Location : Benuang - Sumbagsel
Job description : Conduct Assistant radiography test
Time Commenced : Sept - Okt 2006

Page 2 of 2 CV - M.Yamin