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We cenify the information in this Partial Data Report to be correct and that the pattlsl is designed and fabricated in accor.
dance with all requirements of ASME RTP-1.
ASME RTP- 1 - Addenda

lmonth;daylyearl IFahricamr's name) llgnatura 01 authorized r*prssentativz)

(print or type namel

(address of fabticarion sitel I

1, the undersigned. employed by of , have in+
spected the partlsl described in this Fabricetor'~Partial Data Report and believe that the Fabricam has constructed such in
accordance with the requirements of ASME RTP- 1. By signing this certificate. neither the Inspector nor his employer (if
other than the Fabricator) makes any warranty, expressed or implied. concerning performanceof the pants).

Irnonth'day'year1 I l n s p m i s signature)

lprint or rype namel

The following documents. all updated ro as-built status, are required attachments to this Data Report:
la1 Applicable design data signed and stamped by the Professional Engineer
(b) Drawings
(el Copies of all quality control forms used in the Fabricator's Quality Control Program during the course of fabrication

This form may be reproduced and used w i h m written permission from ASME if used for purposes other than republication.

( 1 1 The Fabricator referred to in this Panial Data Report is that Fabricator who constructed the part or portion of the vessel covered
by this Panial Data Report.


2-100 SCOPE Only resins with an HDT of at least 180°F per ASTM
Part 2 defines rhe materials comprising the glass fiber
D &8 with a 264 psi loading and a % in. specimen, as
published by the resin manufacturer. shall be used.
reinforced henn no set polyester and vinyl ester resin lam-
When a maximum flame retardancy is specified by the
inates, and the types of laminates used to fabricate the
UBRS. the Aame spread rating shall be determined by
RTP corrosion resistant equipment. the resin manufacturer according to ASTM E 84 using
all mat laminates greater than 0. i in. thick. Verification
of the flame spread rating is nor requited as a part of
laminate qualification. Since flame spread can be deter-
(a) The composition of the allowable RTF laminates mined only on Ant laminnte panels, verification is m t
is limited to the specific materials in Part 2 and Appen- required on fabricated equipment. Prior to use in lami-
dices M-2and M-3.Subpart 2A covers predefined stan- nate fabrications. the resin shall be inspected, tested,
dard laminates as ~epresentativeflat laminates. Subpart and found acceptable by the inspections and tests spec-
2B covers laminates developed using [he Lamination ifred in Appendix M-3.
Analysis Methd. by which the modulus properties of (a) Thc cataIystlpmmoter/acce1erator system shall be
laminates are obtained. Subpart 2C covers permissible as recommended by the resin manufacturrr and speci-
tolerances for laminate thickness variation. fied in the Fabricator's written p d u m .
Ib) Construction and testing for properties of design (61 The resin shall contain no pigment, dyes. color-
basis laminates is required in Subpan 2A. Calculation ants, or filler, except as follows.
of laminate pmpenies by the Lamination Analysis 11) A thixotrupic agent which does not interfere
MethDd (Appendix M-5)is rcquircd in Subpnn 23. with visual inspection of laminate quality, or with the
(c) Minimum inspections and tests to be performed required corrosion resistance of the laminate. may be
on reinforcements. prior to their use, are described in added for viscosity contml.
Appendix M-2.
Id) Minimum inspections and tests to bc performed NOTI? TtK aaaition of a ~ i x o t r o p i cagent may d u c t the mistan=
ofa laminare to some &w chemical environments. It i s the rt-
on resins, curing agents, and common ndditives. prior sponsbility of the Fabricator w obtain'appmval fmm Ihc pelwlor of
to heir use, are descriw in Appendix M-3. tht min prior to using a fhixatropic agent in Ihe h e r surfarr (para.
2A-221) or h? interior layer (pa.2A-222).

Resin and Reinforcement @) Resin pastes used to fill crevices before ovcrlay
Substitution shall not be subject to the limitations of para. 2A-ZlO(b).
(3) Pigments. dyes. or colomnts may be added to
The Fabricator shall use the same resins and rein- the exterior surface when specified by the UBRS,
forcements during fabrication as used in the design basis
laminates and Lamination Analysis Method. with the NOTE: The addition of pigment. dyts. ot colorants may interfm
exception of the surfacing veil (mat), which may be with visual inspection of laminate quality.
changed as required for corr&on resistance.
(4) Flame retardant synergists shall be used only
when required in the UBRS. If fire retardanr synergists
MATERlALS were used to obtain the specified ASTM E 84 flame
spread rating, the same type and amount must be used
Resin Matrix in the laminate.
The resin shall be that polyester or vinyl ester speci- NOTE: fhc &ition or fire rewmt symrgisls
fisd by the User's Basic Requirements Specification. visual inqxchn of laminate qualiry.

(5) Common additives, as described in Appendix 2A-222 Interior Layer - Corrosion Resistant
M-3, Article G, may be added without requalifying the Barrier. The inner surface layer, exposed to the con-
smdard Iaminate. tents, shall be followed with an interior layer. This layer
is composed of resin reinforced with noncontinuous
2-320 Fiber Reinforcement glass fiber strands (1-0 in. to 2.0 in. long), applied in a
minimum of two plies totaling a minimum of 3 ozlsq fc.
Fiber reinforcements shall k in compliance with h e Thesc plies shall be layers of chopped strand mat a d
references listed Mow for each material typ: or chopped roving. Each ply of mat or pass of chopped
(a) fibcrglnss suriacing veil (-1, organic fiber sur- roving shall be well rolled to thoroughly wet out rein-
facing veil (mat), c h n fiber surfacing veil (mat), and forcement and remove entrapped air prior to the appli-
fiberglass chopped strand mat - Appendix M-2. ArticIe cat ion of additional reinforcement. The combined
A: thickness of the inner surface and interior layer shall not
fi) fiberglass spray-up roving and filament winding be less than 0.10 in.
mving Appendix M-2,Article B;
2A-223 Structural Layer
Ic) fiberglass woven roving fabric. fiberglass unidi-
(a)Application of Bt structural layer shall not alter
rectional fabric, and fiberglass nonwoven multihbric -
Appendix M-2, Article C; the conmion resistant barrier.
(df fiberglass milled fiber - Appendix M-2, Article
Ibl The first ply of the structural layer ofthe laminate
D. shall be one or more plies of noncontinuous glass fibers
totaling 1% ozlsq ft comprised of chopped suand mat
andlor chopped roving.
0 Continue lay-up in the sequence of plies stated for
SUBPART 2 A the specified laminate type.
REQUIREMENTS FOR {dl All edges of midorcement material shall k
REPRESENTATIVE FLAT LAMINATES lapped a minimum of 1 in. Lapped edges of adjacenr
Iayers s h d be staggerd.
(e) Intemption of the fabrication process to allow for
A repmenrative flat laminate is one made with the an exothem shall follow insuuaioos noted on the ap-
laminate sequence used in the design. Design basis lam- propriate table for the particular laminate type. The final
inates per para. 2A-300 are required. ply of reinforcerncnt before intemption for gel and ex-
otltenn shdl be 1% ozlsq ft . The first ply of the ensuing
lamination shall also be 1% oztsq ft. Both the final and
2A-200 LAMINATE REQUIREMENTS first plies shall be comprised of layers of chopped strand
mat andlor layers of chopped mving.
2A-210 Laminate Construction
2A-224 Outer Surface
laminalc mnstruction shall bc in accordance wirh the
(4 The outer surface of the finished laminate s h d
tabulared lay-up sequence for the specified type.
be a separately applied paraffinated resin coat that, when
(a) Type I laminate s~ructumis detailed in Table
c u d , passes the acetone test wr ASTM C 582, pam.
9.2.2. This outer surface coat shall either be applied over
(b) Type I1 laminate smcture is detailed in Table
the final mat ply of the structural layer or over an ad-
ditional resin-rich layer when q u i d by (b) below.
(b) When the UBRS indicates the outer surface will
2A-220 Laminate Composition be subjected to spillage or a corrosive environment, a
resin-rich layer, in accordance with para. 2A-22 1, shall
Laminates shall consist of a corrosion mistant barrier
be applied over the final mat ply of the smctural layer
(comprised of an inner surface and interior layer) and a
prior ro the application of the paratKnatrd resin coat in
structural layer. The reinforcement content of the cor-
(a) above.
rosion k m e r shall be 20-30s by weight.
(c) The UBRS may inchde provisions to minimize
2A-221 Inner Surface - Corrosion Reslstant ultravio1tt degradation of the laminate. Methods include
Barrier. The inner surface exposed to the contents shall use of ultraviolet absorbers, scmning agents. or resins
be a resin-rich layer reinforcad with a surfacing veil pro- resistant to ultraviolet degradation, or incorporation of
viding a thickness of 0.01 in. to 0.02 in. pigment of sufficient opacity in the paraffinated resin


Nominal UItirnate Tenslle Ultimate Flmxuml Flexural Modulus.
TMckness. Strength, psi Tenslle Modulus, psi Strength, psi
in. TYW [Note (1ll i ~ o t e(111 INote (211 INOW 1211

All I 9.0 x 103 1.0 x lo8 16.0 x lo9 0.7 x 10'

0.22 11 12.0 x 103 1.3 x 10' 19.0 x loa 0.8 x lo6
0.29 II 13.5 x lo3 1.4 X lo6 20.0 x lo3 0.9 X loa
0.37 and above II 15.0 x lo3 1.5 x 10' 22.0 x 10' 1.0 x 10'

The tabutared values remain unchanged up to 180°F. Above that temperature. measured properties may decrease.

(bl Ill ASTMD638at73°ForASTMD5083at730F.
(2) ASTM 0 790 at 73OF.

coat. Since pigmentarion makes laminate inspection dif- Type I - 0.18 in. nomind thickness
ficult, rhe resin-rich layer shall be apptied only after the Type I - 0.48 in. nominal thickness
laminate has been inspected by the Inspector. Type I - 0.74 in. nominal thichtss
(dl Where the final lay-up is exposed to air, full sur- Type II - 0.22 in. nominal thickness
face cure shall be obtained by applying to the final lay- Type Il - 0.49 in, nominal thickness
up a coat of paraffinated resin that, when cured, passes Type Il - 0.76 in+nominal thickness
the acetone test. Other techniques such as sprayed, When the corrosion barrier is excluded from the design
wrapped, or overlaid films arc dso acceptable methods as a conuibutor to the suucturd strength of the laminate
to atrain surface cure, provided the surf- resin under per para- 6-930(d)(3)(d). the following design basis
the film passes thc acetone test. laminae s M l include only the structuml layer:
Type I - 0-35 in. nominal thickness
Type 11 - 0.37 in. nominal thickness
Properties of & type shall be established an Aat lam-
inates p r e p a d under shop conditions. For Type II lam-
inates the woven roving is laid-up in square array with
warp rovings parallel layer to layer. and test specimens
are cut parallel to the warp rovings.
Id) (aj The Fabricator shall prepare design basis laminates ib) For design purposes, propenies ar 73°F are ac-
for each combination of resin and glass to determint ceptable up to 180°F. Where laminates are fabricated
thickness and glass content. Srraighr line interpolation for use at design temperatures above 180°F. cenifica-
shall be used to determine tralues nor tested dimrly. In lion of strengrh and mDduIus per paras. 2A4001a) and
addition. the Fabicator shall choose one of the follow- (b) shall be supplied at or above the s ~ i f i e dtempera-
ing two options to establish his design tensile strength cure.
and design tensile modulus. (c] The thickness and glass content of a production
(1) The Fabricator shall s v i f y the minimum vd- laminate shall be established by the designer based on
ues in Table 2A-3. This method shall nor be used where the data obtained from the Fabricator's design basis
laminates an! fabricated for use above 180°F. laminates. Six thickness and glass content per unit area
m The Fabricatorshall obtain the tensile strength, readings shall be taken on each design basis laminare.
tensilt mdulus. flcxuml strength, and flexural modulus They shall be taken at 1 in. to 2 in. from each comer,
oi the design basis laminates in accordance with p r a . except for two readings taken from the middle of the
2 A m . Results shall be certified by the individual who taminate. The highest thickness and glass content per
conducted or supervised the testing. unit area ~ a d i n g&ken (of the six) must be no more than
When the cornsion barrier is induded in the design 1 15%of rhe lowest reading taken. The six readings shall
as a mntribumr to the structural strength of the lami- be averaged to give the design basis laminate thickness
nate. Ihe foIlowing design basis laminates shall include and glass content for each laminate tested. The average
the inner surface, interior layer, and structural layer. but thickness value shall be from 85 5% to 115%of the nom-
not the outer surface: inal hickntss listed in Tables 2A-I and 2A-2.

NOTE: Glass content per unit a m mtans weight per unit a m a d k 2A-600 ADDITIONAL STANDARD
wr a wci* punltt value. LAMINATE COMPOSITIONS FOR
(d) The laminate compositions and minimum prop SUBPART 2A
erries for Type I production laminates a= given in Ta- Other standard laminares may be used only after they
Mes 2A-1 and 2A-3. have been listed as acceptable in Subpan 2A. In order
(e) The laminate compositions and minimum prop- for the new laminate r~ receive proper consideration.
erties for Type 11production laminates am given in Ta- information and &[a are ~ q u i r e dro properly categorize
bles 2A-2 and 2A-3. the laminate. In general, this information and data in-
NOTE: Tbe laminatc praperlies lwadin Table 2A-3 arc conscmtivc clude, but are not necessarily limited lo, the following.
arad b-toridly p m n . They Rpresem a cornpilalion of data on the (a) All rnatcrials of the Iaminaie must be identified
opost avaikble I m i d n g mamhls.
and suggested specifications provided for any material
not covered in Appendices M-2 and M-3.
(b) The laminate information needed includes tensile
strength. tensile modulus, glass content, and thickness.
(bl (a) Tensile strength and tensile modulus of elasticity The information must. be supplied in the fonn of Table
shall k determined by ASTM D 638 or ASTM D 5083, 2A-1 andlor Table 2A-2, plus data for minimum prop-
The tensile modulus shall be determined using the data erties of standard laminates, Table 2A-3. The data must
between 400 and 1300 microstrain unless another strain be generated from laminates made under typical shop
range better represents the Rat pnion of the curve. Any conditionsand tested per para. 2A-400, The information
strain range other than 400 and 1300 microstrain shall must include the heat distortion ternpermre of the resin
be reported with the mcduIus value. Specimens shall be used, which is required to be be W F or greater.
in accordance with Type 111, Fig. 1 of ASTM D 638.
or in accordance with para. 6.1.1 of ASTM D 5083. MOTE: fhc T t t r dhwld consider suphing data on lunimta
except that actual laminate thickness shall be used. madt using two or m m widely different specific gravity wins by
t h m or more fabrhom. together with &c sppmpfiatc Type t andlor
(b) Flexurnl strength and flexural modulus of elastic- Typc I1 control laminate data.
ity shall be determined by ASTM D 790. The molded
surface (cornsion barrier) shall be tesfed in compres- Where l c laminate is intended for special applica-
sion. tions. requires special handling, or has known limita-
Ic} Glass content, weight percent, shall be deter- tions or susceptibility to failure in cenain services,
mined in accordance with ASTM D 2584. precautionary requirements and information should l x
Id) When required, the residual undisturbed glass fi- included in the submittal. The data should be submitted
ber plies from ASTM D 2584 shall be separated care- on laminates intended for use in place of the design ba-
fully and counted andlor weighed to confirm standard sis laminates of Type I andlor Type II, as outlined in
lay -up sequence. para. 2A-300(a)(Z). Examples of representative field ex-
(e) Thickness shall be measured with a ball foot rni- periences should bc submitted.
cmmeter or caliper. When the configuration of the part
will not allow the use of these instruments, a digital NOTE: When the new laminate is a minor modification of an exisring
magnetic intensity insrrument (ASTM D 4166) or an ul- standard laminale. the data required m y k reduced wirh the coocur-
trasonic thickness gauge found to be accurate when iencc of rhc Committee. Whm he data supplied arr irvsuficiwr for
an adequ~leevaluation. the Committee will reqwl additional dab.
measuring vessel cutouts shall be used.
fl When required, thermal conductivity shalI be
measured in accordance with ASTM C 177.
(g] When rcquircd, thermal expansion shall be mea-
sured in accordance with ASTM D 696.
(bl (It) For isotropic laminates, mechanical propmy SUBPART 2B
resting in only one direction is required. For m i ~ t m p i c REQUIREMENTS FOR
laminates, testing in both the principal x and y directions LAMINATES DEVELOPED USING
Laminates shall consist of a c o m i o n resistant banier
The results of all required tests shalt be recorded and (comprised of an inner surface and interior layer) and a
shall be available for review by the Inspector. structud layer.

2B-110 Inner Surface - Corrosion Resistant 2B-300 TEST METHODS

(4 Glass content. weight percent, shall be derer-
See para. 2A-221. mined in accordance with ASTM D 2584.
(b) Matrix tensile modulus shall be determined in ac-
cordance with ASTM D 638.
28-120 Interior Layer - Corrosion Resistant (c) Matrix specific graviry shdI be determined in ac-
Barrier cordance with ASTM D 792.
(d) Thickness of individual plies shall be determined
See para. 2A-222. with a microscope or other instrument having an accu-
racy of 0.001 in.

20-130 Structural Layer

28-400 RECORDS
(a) Application of the structural layer shall not alter
the corrosion resistant barrier. For each laminate in p m . 2B-130, record wind an-
(b) The first layer of the structural ponion of the lam- @% number of wind cycles, and supplemental rein-
inate shall be one or more plics of chopped strand ma1 forcement- The objective is to uniquely define a h
totaling 1% odsq fi or equil*aIentchopped mving sat"- lamii~ate.Also, for each lmtinate, =cord R S U ~ ~ Sof test-
mtad with resin. ing done in paras. 2B-300(a) and (b) and makc them
kc) The balance of the structural layer shall hen be available review by the Inspector-
applied in strict duplication of the laminate sequence as
designed per Appendix M-5.
See para. 2A-224. 2C- 100 lNTRODUCTION
There arc two types of laminate thickness tests. The
avenge spot thickness. is used to measure a small
2B-200 REQUIREMENTS FOR PHYSICAL area or a small component [see para. 6-920(f)(2)]. The
AND MECHANiCAL PROPERTIES second. average thickness of a major pan, is used to
rneasurc a large area, such as a shell or head, where
(a) The resin matrix tensile modulus and specific several average spot thicknesses can be taken [see para.
gravity are measured on a fully cured 0.125 in. thick 6-920(f)(2)].
neat resin casting. Tensile modulus properties at or
above the design temperature shall be u x d . Specific
gravity values at 75°F may be used for all design tcm- 2C-110 Tolerance for Average Spot
Ib) Standardized tensile modulus nnd specific gravity The thinnest value (of six) shall be cqual to or greater
for E giass shall be used for the Lamination Analysis than 90%of the design thickness of the laminate. The
Method (Appendix M-5). thickest value (of six) must be no more than 120% of
(b) tcl Laminate properries shall. be calculated using the the rhinnest value. The average of six thickness values
Lamination Analysis Method containcd in Appendix must k no less than 95%nor mom than 125% of the
M-5. design thickness of h c laminate. See para. 2C-130 far
Id) The Fabricator shall prepre design basis larni- exceptions.
nates per para. 2A-300 for mechanical propeny resting.
(el For cylindrical laminates. the following mechan- 2C-120 Tolerance for Average Thickness af a
ical pmperty tests am q u i d : flexural strength and
Major Part
modulus in the hoop and axial directions {corrosion bar-
rier in compression) and tensile st~nglhand modulus in The average thickness of a major pan is the average
the axial direction. of four average spot thickness values. The average

thickness ofa major part shall be not less than 95% nor
more h n t 20% of the design thickntss of the laminate.
See para. 2C- 130 for exceptions.

2C-130 Exceptions
Fabricators may add additional matrial to achieve the
minim lhickness specified. All such additions shall
k in accordance with the full repeating sequence of
s v u d layers. The repeating comtrucrion of rein-
forced laminate may result in an over-thickness, which
is permissible.


(b) 3-100 SCOPE peratures above 1gOeF are ekauntered- See para. 2A-
300 or 2B-200 for design temperaturn above 180°F.
Part 3 sets forth design formulas and rules for use
with contact molded and filamen~wound RTP materials
fl The avcnge thickness of any pressure containing (a)
part of a vessel shall not k less than 0.22 in. The pm-
for fabricaiion oicorrosion mbmt twssels. B is limited
ccdurc to determine the thickness of such a patt is spec-
to vessels which operate up to and including 15 psig
ificd in pan. 6-920{f)(2). The permissible thickness
internal pressure as measured at h e top of the vessel.
lolemnce of such a part is specified in Subpan 2C.
Thc limit on cxternai pmsure is 15 psig. The hydro- lgl The minimum ultimate axid tensile strength W {d)
static head resulting from the uptight of internal con-
be 9000 psi for a l l laminate construction.
lent$. or external loading. shall be additive.
(a) Part 3 contains two separate subpans:
(1) Subpan 3A - Design by Rules
{21 Subpan 3B - Design by Stress Analysis SUBPART 3A
Ibl Subpan 3A or 3B methcds may be used ar the DESIGN BY RULES
discretion of the rcgistcmd Professional Engineer far all
or any pan of RTP vesseis.
(c) If spccific rules of Subpan 3A do not apply. Sub- As a minimum. the loadings to be considered in de-
pant 3B design methods shall be used. Rules and limi- signing RTP vessels shall include the following:
tations in Subpan 3A only apply lo Subpan 3A. (a) external and internal pressurt including the ad-
(c) (dl For vessels with an internal diameter greater than ditional p~ssurcresulting from the static head of the
16 ft. any vessel with a nonci~cularcwss section. md contents:
any vesscl using oblatcd shcll sections. Subpart 3B de- Ib] weight of the vessel and contents under operating
sign rules shall be used. conditions:
(el superimposed static loads from machinery, other
vessels, insulation. personnel. or platforms:
(4 attachments:
(1) internal (baffles. weirs. packing, etc.1:
(2) external (lugs, support rings, legs. skim, etc.);
(e) dynamic. such as fluid agitation, subliquid sur-
The following panmeters are common to all RTP face jets;
equipment. Ifl environmental, such as snow, wind. and seismic
(b) (a)The heads of RTP vessels shall be fabricated by loadings:
cantact molded laminates. (g) thermal expansion and stresses caused by thermal
(bl Ibl The cylindrical shells of RTP equipment may be gradients or restrained expansion; and
fabricated by contat-t molded or Filament winding. (11) any othcr combination of loads specified in thc
(b) {c) Conract moIded or filament wound laminate UBRS.
thicknesses are calculated for internal loadings and ex-
ternal loadings in accordance with the rules and p m e -
dure in Subpart 3A or 3B. 3A-200 DESIGN FOR TOTAL INTERNAL
(dl Laminates shnll be sclccted so that imposed PRESSURE
load(s) does not produce stresses or strains in excess of
3A-210 Calculation of Minimum Thickness
those spacified in Subpart 3A or Subpan 3B as appli-
of Cylindrical Shells
. cable.
;a1 (el Ultimate tensile strength and modulus values of (a) Contact molded construction is calculaled as fol- (b)
all types of laminates may requite reducrion when tern- low:

3A-230 Minimum TMckness of EllIpsoldal

The minimum hickness of ellipsoidal heads (2: 1 )
shall be calculated as follows:
Di = inside diamtrer, in.
F = design factor = 10
El, = axial force per circumfe~ntidinch of shell, tbl
m. 3A-240 Minimum Thickness of Conical Heads

P = total internal pressure, psig (internal pressure

plus hydrostatic head) (a)The minimum thickness of conical heads shall be
S, = ultimate axial tensile strengrh, psi calculated as follotvs:
Sh = ukimare hoop tensile smngth. psi
I, = total wall thickness, in., for axial sutss
th = total wall thickness, in., for cimmfercnM
The shell thickness shall be the greater of r, or r, at where
the point considered by the calculation. u = one-half of included (apex) angle of the cone
(b) Filament wound construction i s calculated as fol- at the centerlint of the head
lows: (b) Toriconical h& or sections, in which the
knuckle mdius is 6 5% of Ihe diameter of the head skirt,
Hoop haling Axial W i n g may be used when the angle a s 30 deg. and are rec-
ommended for conical head designs when the angle u
exceeds 30 deg. When the mglt a! excacds 30 deg.. the .-

design must comply with Subpart 3B. i

4 = hoop tensile modulus 3A-250 Minimum Thickness of Flat Bottom
The shell thickness shall be the greater of t, or t, at Heads
the point considcrcd by the calculation.
(a) The minimum rhickness for fully supported flat
bottom heads using Type I laminates, subject to hydro-
[d) 3A-220 Minimum Thickness of Torispherieal static pressure only, shall IR as follows:
Heads (1) 0.27 in. for inside diameter 24 in. to 72 in.
12) 0.31 in. for inside d i e t e r 76 in. to 96 in.
The minimum thickness t of torisphericai heads shalt (3) 0.40 in. for inside diameter 102 in. to 144 in.
be calculated as follows: (4) set pam. (c) below for diameters over 144 in.
fb) The minimum thickness for fully supponed flat
bnom heads using Type II Iminates, subject to hydro-
static pressure only, shall be as follows:
(1) 0.22 in. for inside diameter 24 in. to 72 in.
where , (2) 0.29 in. for inside diameter 76 in, 10 % in.
R$..= 'head crown radius, in. ID,, with a head (3) 0.37 in. for inside diameter 102 in. to 1M in.
knuckte radius of at least 6 5% of R, (4) see para. (e) below for diameters over 144 in.
S, = ultimate tensile strength The thicknesses given in (I), (21, and (3) above have
For torispherical heads subject m internal loading, the proven adequate to prevent damage during normal con-
knuckIe radius shall be txtcmally reinforced in accor- ditions associated with fabrication, handling, shipping.
dance with Fig. 4-2. sketch (a). Tht reinforcement thick- and installation.
ness s M be qua1 to the rhickacss of the head as cal- (c) For inside diameters that exceed 144 in., design
culated above. The thickness of a joint overlay near the analysis shall be undertaken to establish a bonom thick-
knuckle radius tangent line of a dished head contributes
to the knuckle reinfommcnt. For torisphericai heads nor
ness which will withstand the conditions in para. (b)
above without muItant damage.
subject to internal loading. see Fig. 4-2. sketch (b). (dl The radius ofthe bottom knuckle of a flat bottom

3 in. radius

0.75 in. 0.20 in.

[as fabricated)

4.5 in.

9.7 in.
Minimum bngth