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Name: Samantha Mia Caldera #: 4

Date: February 6,2018 Period: 2


Climate Report

City: New Orleans, Louisiana


Latitude: 30.0 N Longitude: 90.9 W
Elevation: 2 meters (7 feet)

Month Mean Temperature Mean Precipitation


(in°C) (in mm)

January 12°C 130.8 mm

February 14°C 138.7 mm

March 17°C 115.6 mm

April 21°C 117.1 mm

May 25°C 117.6 mm

June 28°C 204.7 mm

July 28°C 150.6 mm

August 28°C 151.9 mm

September 27°C 128.3 mm

October 22°C 90.9 mm

November 17°C 114 mm


December 13°C 135.4 mm

YEARLY AVERAGE 21°C 132.96 mm

RANGE 16°C 113.8 mm

PRECIPITATION

The mean precipitation over the year is 132.96mm, the range is 113.8mm. Based on the

graph I can inform that during the summer the precipitation is actually more than the amount of

precipitation during the winter. The time that the precipitation increases the most is during June

because it is at 204.7. During the winter the amount of precipitation had started to decrease. For

example; the graph also shows that the greatest amount of precipitation during the winter was in

February because the amount of precipitation is 138.7. This specific area is prone to to frequent

thunderstorms but they mainly occur during the summer. The entire state is also vulnerable to a

tornado, which mainly occur from January to March. This information helps me state that the

precipitation is received a lot more during the months of summer. The precipitation during the winter

mainly accompanies cold fronts which mostly pass over the city. The main reason for why it mainly

rains during the summer is because the upper level winds push the storm systems across the US .

The upper level winds are faster during the winter and they allow cold fronts to quickly move across

the country. In the summer the upper level winds are actually much slower, so it causes a storm to

either stay in that specific area for a certain amount of time and not move at all or move very slowly.

So, this is the main reason why it mainly rains during the summer in New Orleans.

TEMPERATURE

In New Orleans the type of weather is mainly hot, and also humid, so this type of

weather affects the type of temperature. The mean temperature over the entire year is actually

21°C and the range temperature is 16°C. In New Orleans cold weather doesn’t actually

frequently occur. The city of New Orleans averages for about six nights a year which is when

the temperature drops and it is freezing cold. The temperature is usually cold during
December, January, and also February. The mean temperature for December is 13°C, for

January it is 12°C, for February the mean temperature is actually 14°C. The temperature is

hotter during the months of June, July, and also August. For example the graph shows me that

the mean temperature for June is actually 28, along with July and also August. Based on the

graph these months are the hottest and they have the most amount of precipitation. So, this

proves that during the summer the temperature gets very hot and sometimes during the winter

there is a small percent of a chance that the temperature will drop and be cooler for a couple

of days. In New Orleans the weather is mainly hot and humid which I believe affects the

temperature.

ELEVATION

The elevation of location of New Orleans is 2 meters I think that this affects the

temperature because since it has lower elevation that means that the temperature is warmer because

it’s closer to the surface. If the elevation is higher the temperature will be colder because lower

pressure at high altitudes causes the temperature to be colder than at a mountain compared to sea

level. This is caused because as air rises the pressure decreases. So, it is that lower pressure at

higher altitudes causes it to be colder at higher elevation. Since, the city of New Orleans isn’t at a

very high elevation the temperature isn’t cold, which explains why the weather in that area is hot, and

humid.

GEOGRAPHIC EFFECTS OF WATER

New Orleans is very nearby the Lake Pontchartrain and I believe that this affects

temperature because although low elevation causes higher temperature I think that it is affected by

the lake because when the wind currents move towards that direction they will go more towards the

city but it will be cold because of the currents. Also, because I feel that if you live nearby a body of

water it can affect the weather patterns such as rainfalls and temperatures. For example; there are

two cities one is near a large body of water and the other is miles away. Since a large body of water

has a higher heat capacity than land, so the city that is closer to the body of water narrower range of
temperatures throughout the year. Another reason is because if you live nearby a large body of water,

the cool water that is near the land can create very intense fog, which would affect the weather and

also the temperature.

GEOGRAPHIC EFFECTS OF MOUNTAINS

The city of New Orleans isn’t located near by any mountains, which is one of the

reasons also of why I think that there climate is hot and humid. Based on the prevailing winds it

seems that the wind comes from the ocean then from there it goes to New Orleans but not directly it

seems that first it goes to other cities but it doesn’t seem that first it goes to the mountains. So, it

seems that the prevailing winds come from the ocean and then it goes into the direction and into the

city of New Orleans. The type of effect that living near the mountains would cause would be

impacting climate in some ways that don’t even involve elevation. For example; the mountains force

the incoming air to rise, as it does so, it cools and also condenses. This forms clouds and then that

becomes snow or rain, then that usually falls on the windward side of the mountains. So, that can

cause the city that is located near the mountains to have a colder temperature during the winter time

and during the summer the temperature will be hot, but the climate will be dry.