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State Message Mode Dir Channel Description

RR System Information Type 1 Idle DL BCCH Serving cell frequencies and access rights

Neighbour cell frequencies, network colour code (NCC) and


RR System Information Type 2 Idle DL BCCH access rights

Extended part of Type 2 message sent if neighbour BCCHs


cannot fit in 1 message. EXT-IND set to one on Type 2 message
RR System Information Type 2bis Idle DL BCCH also.
Idle
Idle

3G Neighbour Cell frequency and SCs (when 3G handset is


roaming on 2G it uses this message to find suitable cell to camp
RR System Information Type 2quater Idle DL BCCH on while in Idle)
Idle

Cell Id and LAC of cell MS is camped on and further information


RR System Information Type 3 Idle DL BCCH about organisation of the CCCHs within the BTS.

This message only repeats data sent previously in Sys inform


RR System Information Type 4 Idle DL BCCH type 1,2 and 3.

Cell information relating to GPRS. If MS does not support GPRS


RR System Information Type 13 Idle DL BCCH it will ignore message

RR Channel Request Dedicated UL RACH MS requests Signalling Channel


RR Immediate Assignment Dedicated DL AGCH BSS sends information of free SDCCH Channel to MS

BSC may respond to channel request with a rejection if no


SDCCHs are available. In this case no channel is assigned and
the CSU process is terminated. Additionally MS is informed
about a waiting period during which it may not send a Channel
RR Immediate Assignment Reject Dedicated DL AGCH Request
Call Setup Procedure

MS indicates to BSS that it wants to initiate outgoing call.


MM CM Service Request Dedicated UL SDCCH Message contains the MS identity (TMSI)
Message contains the ciphering key Kc which is calculated from
RR Ciphering Mode Command Dedicated DL SDCCH the RAND and the subscriber identity Ki
RR Ciphering Mode Complete Dedicated UL SDCCH MS Acknowledges receipt of cypher mode command

MS sends message to MSC with the called party number and


CC Setup Dedicated UL SDCCH the bearer service requested
Sent by network to indicate that the requested connection has
CC Call Proceeding Dedicated DL SDCCH been initiated
Call S

MS is told what TCH to use. TCH also defines FACCH to


RR Assignment Command Dedicated DL SDCCH continue signalling

RR Assignment Complete Dedicated UL FACCH Channel Assignment acknowledged to the BSS

MSC sends message to indicate that interworking or transport


CC Progress Dedicated DL FACCH or inband signalling is necessary.

CC Alerting Dedicated DL FACCH Called party is being alerted (ring-ring)

CC Connect Dedicated DL FACCH Informs MS that the call has been accepted by called party
MS indicates that connection between MS and called party is
CC Connect Acknowledge Dedicated UL FACCH ready to be used

SACCH/ Serving cell provides MS with all necessary data of the serving
RR System Information Type 6 Dedicated DL FACCH cell.

SACCH/ Informs MS about the BCCH frequencies of available


RR System Information Type 5 Dedicated DL FACCH Neighbours

Extended part of Type 5 message sent if neighbour BCCHs


SACCH/ cannot fit in 1 message. EXT-IND set to one on Type 5 message
RR System Information Type 5bis Dedicated DL FACCH also.
all
MS sends current measurements to BTS. They contain serving
cell and neighbour cell levels (Rx, Qual). Message sent every
480ms. Message forwarded then to the BSC.

Note: Due to some anomalies in the display of


serving/neighbour BCCH/BSICs and Rx Lev it is
SACCH/ recommended to refer to the dedicated mode Rx Lev values
RR Measurement Report Dedicated UL FACCH under the message browser rather than the L3 ones
In Call

SACCH/ Provides detailed information about the new traffic channel and
RR Handover Command Dedicated DL FACCH the handover reference
SACCH/ It is sent to the MS from the new channel detailing the TA the
RR Physical Information Dedicated DL FACCH MS needs to use initially
SACCH/
RR Handover Complete Dedicated UL FACCH Indicates Successful handover initiation
SACCH/ Indicates an unsuccessful handover (with cause). MS remains
RR Handover Failure Dedicated UL FACCH connected to initial BTS

SACCH/ Assignment of new traffic channel (or TS) in the case of Intracell
RR Assignment Command Dedicated DL FACCH Handover
SACCH/
RR Assignment Complete Dedicated UL FACCH MS confirms that it has successfully changed to the new TCH
SACCH/ MS could not change to specified channel so it changes back to
RR Assignment Failure Dedicated UL FACCH previous channel
Disconnect Sent when 'End' button is pressed on MS or when logging kit
issues a disconnect. Message (including release cause) sent
transparently to the MSC
Note: It is consider a dropped call if the CC Disconnect is
Call

sent in the DL or if the MS goes into Idle without issuing a


CC Disconnect Dedicated UL FACCH CC Disconnect

CC Release Dedicated DL FACCH MSC responds with the Release message

CC Release Complete Dedicated UL FACCH MS acknowledges the release to the MSC

3 cases exist for a location update to happen


1) If the LAI stored on MS is different to that of the serving cell
(when MS is switched off and user moves to different LAC)
2) Periodic location updating timer expires in MS
3) When MS is powered on after it has performed an IMSI
RR Channel Request Dedicated UL RACH detatch (even if LAI remains the same)

RR Immediate Assignment Dedicated DL AGCH BSS sends information of free SDCCH Channel to MS
Location Update

Contains TMSI and LAI of old BTS (if available) as well as the
MM Location Updating Request Dedicated UL SDCCH location update type (normal, periodic, IMSI attach)
Location U Sent by MSC/VLR to authenticate MS. The message contains
MM Authentication Request Dedicated DL SDCCH the RAND
MS (SIM) calculates the result SRES by feeding RAND and Ki
into the algorithm A3 and sends SRES to the MSC/VLR.
MM Authentication Response Dedicated UL SDCCH VLR then compares SRES with the value provided in HLR
Informs MS that Authentication Was unsuccessful. Occurs if
MSC/VLR found that the result for SRES from the the MS was
MM Authentication Reject Dedicated DL SDCCH incorrect

If authentiction is successful MSC instructs BTS and MS to


switch on ciphering. The BTS extracts the K1 part from the
message and sends to MS the rest which contains the cipher
RR Ciphering Mode Command Dedicated DL SDCCH algorithm (As/X) the MS needs to use.
MS Acknowledges receipt of cypher mode command and that
RR Ciphering Mode Complete Dedicated UL SDCCH ciphering is activated
MS is informed that location update has been accepted and is
MM Location Updating Accept Dedicated DL SDCCH sent the new LAC and TMSI (if given)
Sent when Location Update is unsuccessful. May happen if HLR
MM Location Updating Reject Dedicated DL SDCCH is not reachable or when IMSI/TMSI are unknown
MM TMSI Reallocation Complete Dedicated UL SDCCH MS Acknowledges new TMSI (if given)

RR Channel Release Dedicated DL SDCCH MSC via BSS sends channel release request to MS

Sent by MS when classmark changes (e.g. when phone is


Messages
Additional

connected to a booster in a car or when it is in poor coverage


area). It contains current technical capabilities of MS.
RR Classmark Change Dedicated UL SDCCH It is usually sent during call setup

Sent in the case of MTC. Contains the IMSI or TMSI of the


called party is contained in the message. There are 3 types of
paging requests
Type 1: Allows the paging of upto 2 MSs
Type 2: Allows paging of 3 MSs
RR Paging Request Type 1/2/3 Dedicated DL BCCH Type 3: Allows paging of 4 MSs
Used in DCS1800 and PCS1900 to provide MSs with additional
RR System Information Type 7/8 Idle DL BCCH information to access the serving cell
Example

002748 11:28:11.181 L3 DL RR System Information Type 1


CA List: 751 758 798 815 847 (Variable Bit Map)
MaxRetransmissions: (1) 2 TxInt: (10) 14 slots CellBarAccess: (0) No
CallReEstablishment: (1) No Emergency: (0) All MSs
Barred Classes: None

002773 11:28:11.418 L3 DL RR System Information Type 2


BA-IND: 1, EXT-IND: 1
BA List: 723 734 739 740 744 748 756 760 764 765 766 780 782 794 804 811 815 821 823 825 835 (Range 256)
NCC Permitted: 5 (32 decimal)
MaxRetransmissions: (1) 2 TxInt: (10) 14 slots CellBarAccess: (0) No
CallReEstablishment: (1) No Emergency: (0) All MSs
Barred Classes: None

002776 11:28:11.418 L3 DL RR System Information Type 2bis


BA-IND: 1, EXT-IND: 1
BA List: 838 852 (Range 256)
MaxRetransmissions: (1) 2 TxInt: (10) 14 slots CellBarAccess: (0) No
CallReEstablishment: (1) No Emergency: (0) All MSs
Barred Classes: None
005798 11:31:03.908 L3 DL RR System Information Type 2quater
Skip Ind.: 0, Prot. Disc.: 6 Msg Type: 7
BA_IND: 1
3G_BA_IND: 1
MP_CHANGE_MARK change: 0
SI2Quater_INDEX: 0
SI2Quater_Count: 2
MEASUREMENT_Parameters Description
REPORT_TYPE: Normal,
SERVING_BAND_REPORTING: 1
3G Neighbour Cell Description struct
UTRAN FDD Description struct
Repeated UTRAN FDD Neighbour Cells
FDD_ARFCN: 10811
FDD_Indic0: parameter value 0000000000 is not a member of set
NR_OF_FDD_CELLS: 13
FDD_CELL_INFORMATION FIELD(P bit field): 102 bits
SC Diversity applied for the cell
73 No
104 No
106 No
160 No
177 No
178 No
193 No
200 No
002729 11:28:10.940 L3 DL RR System Information Type 3
SI2ter Indicator: 1 Early Classmark Sending Control: Controlled Early Classmark Sending option is implemented RA Colour: 0,
SI13 POSITION: SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 13 message is sent on BCCH norm
MCC-MNC-LAC-CI: 234-33-198-29142
IMSI attach/detach: Shall be Used
BS-AG-BLKS-RES: 3 blocks reserved for access grant
CCCH-CONF: one basic physical channel, not combined with SDCCHs
BS-PA-MFRMS: 6 multiframes period, T3212 Time-out: 15 decihours
PowerControlUsed: Yes
DTX Usage: Shall use UL DTX on TCH-F, Shall not use on TCH-H
MaxRadioLinkTimeout: 16 multiframes
CellReselHyst: 6 dB
MsTxPowerMaxCCH: 0, Additional Reselect Param Ind (ACS): 0
RxLevAccessMin: (6) -104 dBm, Half Rate Support (NECI): (0) New establishment causes notsupported
MaxRetransmissions: (1) 2 TxInt: (10) 14 slots CellBarAccess: (0) No
CallReEstablishment: (1) No Emergency: (0) All MSs
Barred Classes: None

002731 11:28:10.958 L3 DL RR System Information Type 4


MCC-MNC-LAC: 234-33-198
CellReselHyst: 6 dB
MsTxPowerMaxCCH: 0, Additional Reselect Param Ind (ACS): 0
RxLevAccessMin: (6) -104 dBm, Half Rate Support (NECI): (0) New establishment causes notsupported
MaxRetransmissions: (1) 2 TxInt: (10) 14 slots CellBarAccess: (0) No
CallReEstablishment: (1) No Emergency: (0) All MSs
Barred Classes: None

000020 08:52:02.374 L3 DL RR System Information Type 13


Skip Ind.: 0, Prot. Disc.: 6 Msg Type: 0 BCCH Change Mark: PSI5updated SI Change Field: 0 SI13 Change Mark: 1 HSN: 1
MA_LENGTH: 1, MA_BitMap: 1, Last MA_BitMap: 1 Routing area code (RAC): 1,
SPGC_CCCH_SUP: SPLIT_PG_CYCLE is supported on CCCH in this cell, PRIORITY_ACCESS_THR: packet access is allowed for priority
level 1 to 4, Network control order: NC0,
Network mode of operation (NMO): Network Mode of Operation II,
T3168: 1, T3192: 0,
DRX_TIMER_MAX: 0, ACCESS_BURST_TYPE: 11 bit access burst shall be used,
CONTROL_ACK_TYPE: default format is RLC/MAC control block, BS_CV_MAX: 6
PAN_DEC: 1, PAN_INC: 1, PAN_MAX: max value allowed for counter N3102 is 8
ALPHA: 1.0 alpha,
T_AVG_W: 8, T_AVG_T: 6,
PC_MEAS_CHAN: downlink measurements for power control shall be made on BCCH, N_AVG_I: 2
000050 08:52:03.232 L3 UL RR Channel Request
Establishment Cause: 240 (0xF0), Mobile originating call (TCH/F needed, NECI != 1, or SDCCH proc.), Random Reference: 16
000055 08:52:03.311 L3 DL RR Immediate Assignment
Two-message assignment: (0) No meaning
Downlink assignment to mobile in packet idle mode: (0) No meaning
TBF or dedicated mode: (0) Assigns a dedicated mode resource
Page Mode: (0) Normal paging
Channel Type: SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH [SDCCH/8], Subchannel 0
TimeSlot: 1 TrainingSeq: 5
Hopping: Yes, MAIO: 0 HoppingSeq (HSN): 1
Establishment Cause: 240 (0xF0), Mobile originating call (TCH/F needed, NECI != 1, or SDCCH proc.), Random Reference: 16
T1': 12, T2: 4, T3: 26, Frame: 17060 (mod 42432)
TimingAdvance: 3 bits
MA: 1 2

N/A

000058 08:52:03.386 L3 UL MM CM Service Request


Mobile originating call establishment
CipherKeySeq: 0
MS Class: Class 1
Revision: Phase 2 MS
Algorithms available: A5/1 Yes A5/2 Yes A5/3 No
Controlled early classmark sending: Implemented
Mobile terminated SMS: Supported
TMSI: 2617795465 (0x9c086389)
000067 08:52:03.823 L3 DL RR Ciphering Mode Command
Start ciphering
000074 08:52:04.091 L3 UL RR Ciphering Mode Complete

000084 08:52:04.327 L3 UL CC Setup


CC Setup

Bearer Capability- Radio Channel Requirement: 1,


Coding Standard: 0, Transfer Mode: 0,
Information Transfer Capability: 0 (Prefered Codec: 2)
Type of Number: unknown
Numbering Plan Id: ISDN/Telephony
Called Party #: 07973990011
000086 08:52:04.529 L3 DL CC Call Proceeding
CC Call Proceeding
000097 08:52:05.006 L3 DL RR Assignment Command
Channel Type: TCH/F + FACCH/F and SACCH/F
TimeSlot: 1 TrainingSeq: 5
Hopping: Yes, MAIO: 1 HoppingSeq (HSN): 1
MsTxPower Ordered: (0 GSM)
CA List: 729 818 (Variable Bit Map)
Channel Mode: Speech full rate or half rate version 2
MA: 1 2
000106 08:52:05.157 L3 UL RR Assignment Complete
Normal event (Hex 00)

000120 08:52:05.299 L3 DL CC Progress


CC Progress
User
In-band information or appropriate pattern now available
000125 08:52:05.619 L3 DL CC Alerting
CC Alerting
000132 08:52:06.061 L3 DL CC Connect
CC Connect
000135 08:52:06.061 L3 UL CC Connect Acknowledge
CC Connect Acknowledge

000138 08:52:06.083 L3 DL RR System Information Type 6


MCC-MNC-LAC-CI: 234-33-1363-36922
PowerControlUsed: Yes
DTX Usage: The MSs shall use uplink discontinuous transmission
MaxRadioLinkTimeout: 16 multiframes
NCC Permitted: 5 (32 decimal)
000146 08:52:06.563 L3 DL RR System Information Type 5
BA-IND: 0, EXT-IND: 0
BA List: 720 740 742 749 750 757 759 768 774 775 777 784 790 830 832 843 (Range 256)

000268 08:52:13.423 L3 DL RR System Information Type 5bis


BA-IND: 0, EXT-IND: 1
BA List: 852 (Range 256)
001676 08:53:42.802 L3 UL RR Measurement Report
RxLevFull: -70 dBm, RxQualFull: 0
RxLev Sub: -68 dBm, RxQual Sub: 0
BA Used: 0, UL DTX: Not Used
Measurements are valid
N1: Freq 729 Level -57 dBm BSIC 45(dec) 55(oct)
N2: Freq list [ 20 ] Level -69 dBm BSIC 47(dec) 57(oct)
N3: Freq 774 Level -74 dBm BSIC 42(dec) 52(oct)
N4: Freq 749 Level -76 dBm BSIC 44(dec) 54(oct)
N5: Freq 750 Level -78 dBm BSIC 42(dec) 52(oct)
N6: Freq list [ 22 ] Level -85 dBm BSIC 44(dec) 54(oct)

004430 08:56:33.449 L3 DL RR Handover Command


BCCH: 777 BSIC: 41(dec) 51(oct)
Channel Type: TCH/F + FACCH/F and SACCH/F
TimeSlot: 4 TrainingSeq: 1
Hopping: Yes, MAIO: 1 HoppingSeq (HSN): 1
HandoverRef: 98 OrderedPowerLevel: 1
Synchronized: No
CA List: 737 777 792 (Variable Bit Map)
Channel Mode: Speech full rate or half rate version 2
MA: 1 2 3
Signal handoff from Unknown(Unknown) to Unknown(Unknown)
001701 08:53:43.997 L3 DL RR Physical Information
TimingAdvance: 4 bits
001705 08:53:44.099 L3 UL RR Handover Complete
Normal event (Hex 00)
067355 10:02:56.287 L3 UL RR Handover Failure
Abnormal release, unspecified (Hex 01)

004514 08:56:38.114 L3 DL RR Assignment Command


Channel Type: TCH/F + FACCH/F and SACCH/F
TimeSlot: 2 TrainingSeq: 1
Hopping: Yes, MAIO: 0 HoppingSeq (HSN): 1
MsTxPower Ordered: (0 GSM)
CA List: 737 777 792 (Variable Bit Map)
Channel Mode: Speech full rate or half rate version 2
MA: 1 2 3
004526 08:56:38.291 L3 UL RR Assignment Complete
Normal event (Hex 00)
086172 12:46:41.227 L3 UL CC Disconnect
CC Disconnect
Coding Standard: GSM PLMNS Standard
Location: User
Class: Normal Event (1) (Hex 01)
Cause: normal call clearing (Hex 10)
086179 12:46:41.378 L3 DL CC Release
CC Release
086182 12:46:41.401 L3 UL CC Release Complete
CC Release Complete

017706 11:42:38.616 L3 UL RR Channel Request


Establishment Cause: 13 (0x0D), Location updating, Random Reference: 13

017714 11:42:38.698 L3 DL RR Immediate Assignment


Two-message assignment: (0) No meaning
Downlink assignment to mobile in packet idle mode: (0) No meaning
TBF or dedicated mode: (0) Assigns a dedicated mode resource
Page Mode: (0) Normal paging
Channel Type: SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8 or CBCH [SDCCH/8], Subchannel 2
TimeSlot: 1 TrainingSeq: 4
Hopping: Yes, MAIO: 1 HoppingSeq (HSN): 1
Establishment Cause: 13 (0x0D), Location updating, Random Reference: 13
T1': 13, T2: 16, T3: 15, Frame: 17202 (mod 42432)
TimingAdvance: 0 bits
MA: 1 2 3 4 5

017717 11:42:38.856 L3 UL MM Location Updating Request


Normal location updating
CipherKeySeq: 4
MCC-MNC-LAC: 234-33-1463
MS Class: Class 1
Revision: Phase 2 MS
Algorithms available: A5/1 Yes A5/2 No A5/3 No
Controlled early classmark sending: Implemented
Mobile terminated SMS: Not supported
TMSI: 3156466842 (0xbc23dc9a)
017730 11:42:39.294 L3 DL MM Authentication Request
CipherKeySeq: 0
Random: 94 D2 26 72 15 E6 B5 B6 5C D8 BE 6C C8 58 0C B5

017743 11:42:39.563 L3 UL MM Authentication Response


SRES: AF C0 CE 08

N/A

017745 11:42:39.773 L3 DL RR Ciphering Mode Command


Start ciphering

017755 11:42:40.036 L3 UL RR Ciphering Mode Complete


017757 11:42:40.240 L3 DL MM Location Updating Accept
MCC-MNC-LAC: 234-33-198

N/A
017770 11:42:40.504 L3 UL MM TMSI Reallocation Complete
017772 11:42:40.705 L3 DL RR Channel Release
Normal event (Hex 00)

116055 10:50:00.711 L3 UL RR Classmark Change


MS Class: Class 1
Revision: Phase 2 MS
Algorithms available: A5/1 Yes A5/2 Yes A5/3 No
Controlled early classmark sending: Implemented
Mobile terminated SMS: Supported

121275 10:53:14.767 L3 DL RR Paging Request Type 1


Page Mode: (0) Normal paging
Channel Needed: MS1 TCH/HorF (Dual rate), MS2 Any channel
TMSI: 3164560787 (0xbc9f5d93)

N/A
Layer Message Dir Description

Time NEMO issues the command to MS to make a MOC. T


seconds after this (set at 30s) unless the call is setup
Nemo Call Attempt -- successfully NEMO will issue a disconnect.
Nemo

NEMO interpretation of when a CSUF occurs. Time from call


Nemo Call Failed -- attempt and cause useful for fault debug

NEMO interpretation of when a DC occurs. Time from call


Nemo Call Disconnect -- attempt and cause useful for fault debug
L3

Contains All Layer 3 messages discribed in

UL/
I-CMD DL

UL/ Part of Layer 2 messages (LAPDm MS-BTS) which is


UI-CMD DL responsible for the packaging of the data to be transmitted. Its
purpose is error detection and correction.

I-CMD: Information Frame


SABM-CMD UL UI-CMD: Unnumbered frame group. Information Frame
L2

SABM-CMD: Unnumbered frame group, set-asynchronous-


UL/ balance-mode
UA-RESP DL UA-RESP: Unnumbered frame group, unnumbered-
acknowledgement

UL/ FILL: A-Format frame sent when no payload is available on


FILL DL DCH. Usually in short time after TCH connection

UNIT-DATA: Used by MAP/TCAP for all data transfer tasks


and on A-interface to convey paging messages. Also used to
UNIT_DATA DL transmit SCCP management messages

Recorded when the mobile changes cellular system, serving


Channel Info -- cell, or channel type.

Recorded when mobile phone reports the information. RLT


event is written to output file only when value is changed from
Radio Link Timeout -- previous value.
al Messages
Additional Messages

Recorded when measurement sample is received


from mobile

Dedicated Mode: RxLev -- Contains: System, ARFCN, BSIC, RxLev full, RxLev sub

Recorded when measurement sample is received from mobile

Contains: System, #Chs, Params/ch, ARFCN, BSIC, RxLev


Enhanced RxLev -- full/sub, HCS priority, HCS thr., CI, LAC, RAC
Recorded when mobile phone reports the information. RXQ
value is written to output file only when the value is changed
Quality -- from the previous value

Recorded when the mobile phone reports the information. TAD


event is written to the output file only when the value is
changed from the previous value.
Note: Approximately each unit corresponds to 500m
Timing Advance -- distance from serving cell

Reported mobile station power level class


Recorded when the mobile phone reports the information.
MSP event is written to the output file only when the value is
MS Power Level -- changed from the previous value
Reported by mobile. Values range from 0 to 100 (%)
Frame error rate -- Recorded when mobile phone reports the information
Channel C/I. Values range from -5 to 25 dB.Recorded when
Carrier / Interference -- the mobile reports the information.
Example

011678 13:03:02.347 Nemo Call Attempt


Voice call (1), Count 6, PhoneNum 07973990011
CAA 0.204041 52.093658 111 16590 1 9 94 13:03:02.347 1 6 07973990011

011766 13:03:32.457 Nemo Call Failed


Call attempt failure status: Test system failure (These failures should be rejected in Quality Survey Reports.) (5),
Time from attempt (s): 30.0,
OS RAS Cause: N/A (-1)
CAF 0.200368 52.087395 108 17315 1 9 85 13:03:32.457 5 30 -1

123478 10:54:27.952 Nemo Call Disconnect


Status: Dropped call. (i.e., network release) (2), Cause: normal, unspecified (31), Time from attempt 00:00:08
CAD -1.735480 52.492840 149 78329 1 8 73 10:54:27.952 2 00:00:08 31

Layer 3 messages discribed in L3 Messages Sheet


000060 08:52:03.648 L2 UL 18 I-CMD
L2U -1.722620 52.542530 133 54 1 7 97 08:52:03.648 SDCCH "I-CMD" 01 00 35 06 16 03 50 18 81 20 05 60 14 4C 80 00 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B
000062 08:52:03.735 L2 DL 90 UI-CMD
L2D -1.722620 52.542530 133 54 1 7 97 08:52:03.735 SACCH "UI-CMD" 00 03 03 03 2D 06 1E 90 3A 32 F4 33 05 53 53 20 2B 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B 2B

000057 08:52:03.386 L2 UL 50 SABM-CMD


L2U -1.722619 52.542530 133 54 1 7 97 08:52:03.386 SDCCH "SABM-CMD" 01 3F 35 05 24 01 03 50 18 81 05 F4 9C 08 63 89 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B 2B 2B
000059 08:52:03.648 L2 DL 50 UA-RESP
L2D -1.722620 52.542530 133 54 1 7 97 08:52:03.648 SDCCH "UA-RESP" 01 73 35 05 24 01 03 50 18 81 05 F4 9C 08 63 89 2B 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B 2B
000056 08:52:03.351 L2 DL 2B FILL
L2D -1.722429 52.542744 133 27 1 7 98 08:52:03.351 SDCCH "FILL" 03 03 01 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B

000051 08:52:03.235 L2 DL 2B UNIT_DATA


L2D -1.722429 52.542744 133 27 1 7 98 08:52:03.235 CCCH "UNIT_DATA" 15 06 21 00 01 F0 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
2B 2B 2B 2B

000113 08:52:05.218 Channel Info


Cellular system: GSM 1800
Channel type: traffic channel,
Channel number in use: 729,
Cell identification: 36922,
LAC: 1363,
Reserved: -1,
Uplink DTX: DTX not in use,
Radio Link Timeout (from 4 to 64): 16,
Extended channel type: Uknown Channel type,
Timeslot number: 1,
BCCH channel: 729
CHI -1.722814 52.542316 133 81 1 7 98 08:52:05.218 2 2 729 36922 1363 -1 0 16 -1 1 729

000116 08:52:05.218 Radio Link Timeout


Event ID: RLT, Longitude: -1.72281, Latitude: 52.5423, Height: 133,
Distance(m): 81, GPS status: with GPS, No. Satellites: 7,
Velocity(km/h): 98 kph, Time: 08:52:05.218
Radio Link Timeout (from 0 to 64): 16
RLT -1.722814 52.542316 133 81 1 7 98 08:52:05.218 16
000141 08:52:06.160 Dedicated Mode: RxLev Full: -77 RxLev Sub: -77
BCCH 729, BSIC 55
Likely serving CellID Unknown on Unknown
N1: BCCH 832 BSIC 57 RxLev -71 C1 NA C2 21 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N2: BCCH 749 BSIC 54 RxLev -72 C1 NA C2 14 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N3: BCCH 740 BSIC 53 RxLev -80 C1 NA C2 14 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N4: BCCH 720 BSIC 53 RxLev -86 C1 NA C2 17 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N5: BCCH 790 BSIC 57 RxLev -91 C1 NA C2 14 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N6: BCCH 742 BSIC 50 RxLev -91 C1 NA C2 17 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)
N7: BCCH 750 BSIC 50 RxLev -92 C1 NA C2 13 (likely CellID Unknown on Unknown)

RXL -1.723007 52.542099 134 108 1 7 99 08:52:06.160 2 729 45 -77 -77 28 28 832 47 -71 -100 21 720 43 -86 -100 17 742 40 -91 -100 17
740 43 -80 -100 14 749 44 -72 -100 14 790 47 -91 -100 14 750 40 -92 -100 13
000142 08:52:06.160 Enhanced RxLev
Event ID: ERXL, Longitude: -1.72301, Latitude: 52.5421, Height: 134,
Distance(m): 108, GPS status: with GPS, No. Satellites: 7,
Velocity(km/h): 99 kph, Time: 08:52:06.160
Cellular system: GSM 1800 Num channels: 8, Parameters/channel: 16
Idx Arfcn BSIC RxLev RxLev C1 C2 C31 C32 HCS HCS CI LAC RAC Srxlev Hrxlev Rrxlev
Full Sub Pri. thr.
(dBm) (dBm) (dB) (dB) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm) (dBm)
0 729 55 -77 -77 28 28 N/A N/A -1 N/A 36922 1363 1 256 256 256
1 832 57 -71 N/A N/A 21 N/A N/A -1 N/A 20182 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
2 720 53 -86 N/A N/A 17 N/A N/A -1 N/A 36967 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
3 742 50 -91 N/A N/A 17 N/A N/A -1 N/A 21494 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
4 740 53 -80 N/A N/A 14 N/A N/A -1 N/A 24059 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
5 749 54 -72 N/A N/A 14 N/A N/A -1 N/A 36969 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
6 790 57 -91 N/A N/A 14 N/A N/A -1 N/A 22565 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
7 750 50 -92 N/A N/A 13 N/A N/A -1 N/A 36920 1363 N/A N/A N/A N/A
ERXL -1.723007 52.542099 134 108 1 7 99 08:52:06.160 2 8 16 729 45 -77 -77 28 28 -100 -100 -1 255 36922 1363 1 256 256 256 832 47
-71 255 -100 21 -100 -100 -1 255 20182 1363 -1 255 255 255 720 43 -86 255 -100 17 -100 -100 -1 255 36967 1363 -1 255 255 255 742 40
-91 255 -100 17 -100 -100 -1 255 21494 1363 -1 255 255 255 740 43 -80 255 -100 14 -100 -100 -1 255 24059 1363 -1 255 255 255 749 44
-72 255 -100 14 -100 -100 -1 255 36969 1363 -1 255 255 255 790 47 -91 255 -100 14 -100 -100 -1 255 22565 1363 -1 255 255 255 750 40
-92 255 -100 13 -100 -100 -1 255 36920 1363 -1 255 255 255

000114 08:52:05.218 Quality, RxQualFull 0, RxQualSub 0


RXQ -1.722814 52.542316 133 81 1 7 98 08:52:05.218 0 0

000117 08:52:05.218 Timing Advance 3


TAD -1.722814 52.542316 133 81 1 7 98 08:52:05.218 3

000115 08:52:05.218 Power Level, MsTxPower Control Level (0)


MSP -1.722814 52.542316 133 81 1 7 98 08:52:05.218 0

N/A

N/A
Orange T-Mobile Vodafone
Spectrum 30MHz 30MHz
Channels 150 150
BCCH Alloc 0 40 (Approx)
RLT 16 multiframes 16 multiframes 24 multiframes
Hopping BB BB
0-1
HSN Range Why 0? 1-63 0-63
MAIO Range 0-9 0-8
DL DTX No Yes (rel 5) Yes (rel 5)
42% 42% 42%
Shall use UL DTX on TCH-F, Shall use UL DTX on TCH-F, Shall use UL DTX on TCH-F,
UL DTX Shall not use on TCH-H Shall not use on TCH-H Shall not use on TCH-H
New establishment causes New establishment causes New establishment causes
HR notsupported supported notsupported

Mobile Allocation Yes No Yes

-105dBm
Can they be getting handovers
RxLevAccessMin -104dBm we are missing? -107dBm

MaxRetransmissions 2 4 4
TxInt 14slots 12slots 25
BS-AG-BLKS-RES 3 blocks reserved for access grant1 blocks reserved for access grant 1 blocks reserved for access grant

RSCP e1f -106dBm -108dBm


Ec/Io e1f -13dB -15dB
O2 Commnet

16 multiframes

0-63

No
42%
Shall use UL DTX on TCH-F,
Shall not use on TCH-H
New establishment causes
notsupported
does no use mean all are allowed?
Is this faster?
No Orange and O2 fastest HO

-105dBm
Consecutive times MS sends CHAN_REQ
4 message to BTS (1,2,4,7)
14
2 blocks reserved for access grant
State Message Mode Dir Channel Description

The terminal initiates the attach procedure after power on. The
message contains the previously used TMSI (Temporary Mobile
Subscriber Id). The mobile network identity, the location area
GPRS MM - ATTach REQuest UL and routing area information is also included in the message.

RR Channel Request UL
GPRS Attach

RR Immediate Assignment DL

When SGSN cannot find the TMSI in its databases it contacts


the old serving SGSN (based on old LA) and gets IMSI. It then
MM Identity Request DL asks terminal to Identify itself
GPRS MM Identity Response UL Terminal responds with IMSI for identification

The SGSN authenticates the GPRS mobile by sending a RAND


GPRS MM - AUthentication && CIPher REQuest DL value (a random value).

The SIM applies secret GSM algorithms on the RAND and the
secret key Ki to obtain the session key Kc and SRES. The
GPRS MM - AUthentication && CIPher RESPonse UL computed SRES value is passed to the SGSN.

After verifying IMEI and EIR SGSN contacts HLR to inform it


about new location of GPRS mobile. HLR updates SGSN about
subscriber info.

The SGSN responds back to the GPRS mobile with attach


accept containing new TMSI, mobile network identity, the
GPRS MM - ATTach ACCept DL location area and routing area information.

The GPRS mobile acknowledges the receipt of "Attach Accept".


The Attach Complete signals the completion of the attach
procedure. This is passed to the MSC-VLR as "TMSI
GPRS MM - ATTach COMPlete UL Reallocation Complete".
P Context Activation

The GPRS mobile now initiates the PDP context activation


procedure to obtain the IP address for the device.

The Access Point Name (APN) specified by the service provider


is passed as a parameter.

The SGSN contacts GGSN correspondiong to the APN specified


by the mobile.

The GGSN authenticates the GPRS subscription (RADIUS) and


GPRS SM - Activate PDP context request UL gets dynamic IP address for the GPRS mobile (DNS).
PDP Context Acti

The GGSN responds back to the SGSN, indicating completion


of the PDP context activation procedure.

The SGSN replies back to the GPRS mobile. This signals


GPRS SM - Activate PDP context accept DL completion of the PDP context activation.
Deactivation
Context
PDP

GPRS SM - Deactivate PDP context request UL

GPRS SM - Deactivate PDP context accept DL


GPRS Dettach

GPRS MM - DETach REQuest DL

GPRS MM - DETach ACCept DL


Example
MS Network Capability: Encryption alg = encryption algorithm GEA/1 available,
SM Dedicated = Mobile station supports mobile terminated point to point SMS via dedicated signalling channels,
SM GPRS = Mobile station supports mobile terminated point to point SMS via GPRS packet data channels,
UCS2 = the ME has a preference for the default alphabet over UCS2,
SS Screening Indicator = 1,

SoLSA = the ME does not support SoLSA


CKSN: 3 Follow-on request: No follow on request pending, Attach type: GPRS attach Split PG cycle code: 7, Split on CCCH: split pg cycle
on CCCH is not supported by the mobile station, Non-DRX timer: max. 8 sec non-DRX mode after transfer state
EI IMSI, P_TMSI: 3519865056 (0xd1cce0e0)
EI: Old Routing Area Identification: MCC=234, MNC=33, LAC=30, RAC=1

EI: MS Radio Access Capability:


Access Technology Type = GSM E (900), RF Power Capability = 4
Available Encryption Algorithms: A5/1, A5/2
ES IND = "controlled early Classmark Sending" option is implementedPS capability not present
no VGCS capability or no notifications wanted, no VBS capability or no notifications wanted
HSCSD Multislot Class = 6,GPRS Multislot Class = 10, Extended Dynamic Allocation Capability for GPRS is not implemented

Access Technology Type = GSM 1800, RF Power Capability = 1


ES IND = "controlled early Classmark Sending" option is implementedPS capability not present
no VGCS capability or no notifications wanted, no VBS capability or no notifications wanted

003234 12:33:15.822 L3 UL RR Channel Request


Establishment Cause: 124 (0x7C), One phase packet access with request for single timeslot uplink transmission; one PDCH is
needed, Random Reference: 0

003254 12:33:15.911 L3 DL RR Immediate Assignment


Two-message assignment: (0) No meaning
Downlink assignment to mobile in packet idle mode: (0) No meaning
TBF or dedicated mode: (1) Assigns a Temporary Block Flow (TBF)
Page Mode: (0) Normal paging

Channel type: 1, Timeslot (TN): 7, Training Sequence Code (TSC): 1 ARFCN: 828
Establishment Cause: 124 (0x7C), One phase packet access with request for single timeslot uplink transmission; one PDCH is
needed, Random Reference: 0
T1': 3, T2: 6, T3: 0, Frame: 3672 (mod 42432)
TimingAdvance: 4 bits
TFI Assignment: 20, Polling: 0 USF: 0, USF_Granularity: the mobile station shall transmit one RLC/MAC block
Channel coding command: CS2, TLLI Block channel coding: MS shall use value commanded in the CHANNEL_CODING_COMMAND
Gamma: 30 dB Timing advance index (TAI): 9

036335 12:52:42.286 L3 DL MM Identity Request


IMEI
036339 12:52:42.551 L3 UL MM Identity Response
IMEI: 355661003470910

003267 12:33:16.462 L3 DL GPRS MM - AUthentication && CIPher REQuest


GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Authentication & ciphering req IMEISV request: IMEISV not
requested Ciphering algo.: GPRS Encryption Algorithm GEA/1 A&&C ref no.: 1 Force to standby: Force to standby not indicated
EI: Authentication parameter RAND: [ 0x 00 45 7e 37 7c 34 90 1f 4d 42 9a 1a da 56 e1 00 ]

EI: Cell Identifier, Key seq.Identity: 4

003282 12:33:16.977 L3 UL GPRS MM - AUthentication && CIPher RESPonse


GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Authentication & ciphering resp A&&C ref no.: 1
EI: Authentication parameter SRES: [ 0x 00 00 00 00 ]

EI: Packet Flow Timer,


RES[0]: 147, [1]: 33, [2]: 173, [3]: 151

003316 12:33:18.709 L3 DL GPRS MM - ATTach ACCept


GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Attach accept Force to standby: Force to standby not indicated
Attach result: GPRS only attached Timer: 79 Radio priority for SMS: 4
EI: Routing Area Identification: MCC=234, MNC=33, LAC=30, RAC=1

EI: Radio Cause, P-TMSI signature: 29347


EI: Priority, Negotiated READY Timer: 22
EI IMSI, Allocated P_TMSI: 3519911239 (0xd1cd9547)

003320 12:33:18.709 L3 UL GPRS MM - ATTach COMPlete


GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Attach complete

003432 12:33:21.722 L3 UL GPRS SM - Activate PDP context request


GPRS Protocol discriminator: Session Management Msg Type: Activate PDP context request Network service access point identifier: 5
LLC SAPI: 3 Delay Class: Subscribed delay class, Reliability Class: Subscribed reliability class, Peak Throughput: Subscribed peak
throughput, Precedence Class: Subscribed precedence, Mean Throughput: Best effort Traffic class: Subscribed, Delivery order: Subscribed,
Delivery of erroneous SDU: Subscribed, Max. SDU size: Subscribed, Max bit rate UL: Subscribed, Max bit rate DL: Subscribed, Residual
BER: Subscribed, SDU error ratio: Subscribed, Transfer delay: Subscribed, Traffic handling priority: Subscribed, Guaranteed bit rate UL:
Subscribed, Guaranteed bit rate DL: Subscribed
PDP Type Org: 1 PDP Type Number: 0x21 (IPv4)APN value: orangeinternet Protocol Config.: 0
Protocol Id: 4918701 05 00 06 00 00
Protocol Id: 3280101 02 00 10 81 06 00 00 00 00 83 06 00 00 00 00
Protocol Id: 3280101 00 00 10 81 06 00 00 00 00 83 06 00 00 00 00
003552 12:33:25.125 L3 DL GPRS SM - Activate PDP context accept
GPRS Protocol discriminator: Session Management Msg Type: Activate PDP context accept LLC SAPI: 11 Delay Class: Delay class 4
(best effort), Reliability Class: Unacknowledged GTP and LLC; Acknowledged RLC, Protected data, Peak Throughput: Up to 256 000 octet/s,
Precedence Class: Normal priority, Mean Throughput: Best effort Traffic class: Background, Delivery order: Without delivery order (no),
Delivery of erroneous SDU: Erroneous SDUs not delivered, Max. SDU size: 1500 octets, Max bit rate UL: 2048 kbps, Max bit rate DL: 2048
kbps, Residual BER: 1e-5, SDU error ratio: 1e-4, Transfer delay: Subscribed, Traffic handling priority: Level 3, Guaranteed bit rate UL:
Subscribed, Guaranteed bit rate DL: Subscribed
EI: Alignment Octects, Radio Priority: 4
PDP Type Org: 1 PDP Type Number: 0x21 IPv4: 10.32.149.90 Protocol Config.: 0
Protocol Id: 3280103 00 00 10 81 06 c1 23 85 0a 83 06 c1 23 86 0a

003984 12:33:37.139 L3 UL GPRS SM - Deactivate PDP context request


GPRS Protocol discriminator: Session Management Msg Type: Deactivate PDP context request SM Cause: Regular deactivation
004005 12:33:37.761 L3 UL GPRS SM - Deactivate PDP context accept
GPRS Protocol discriminator: Session Management Msg Type: Deactivate PDP context accept

004006 12:33:37.761 L3 DL GPRS MM - DETach REQuest


GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Detach request Force to standby: Force to standby not indicated
Power Off: normal detach, Detach Type: (MS->net: GPRS detach) or (net->MS: re-attach required)
Mobile Identity[0]: 244, [1]: 209, [2]: 205, [3]: 149, [4]: 71

EI: Radio Cause, P-TMSI signature 2: 29347


004026 12:33:38.399 L3 DL GPRS MM - DETach ACCept
GPRS Protocol discriminator: GPRS Mobility Management Msg Type: Detach accept
State Message Mode Dir Channel Description

References and Scheduling on SIBs. UE determins which


SIBs it needs to monitor thus saving Battery power

Transmitted every 8th radio frame on P-CCPCH (on position


SFN mod 8=0, and with TTI of 20ms)

For most SIBs used within the system the MIB may carry a
value tag. The only exceptions are SIB 15.2, SIB 15.3 and SIB
16.

If a value tag is unchanged, the corresponding system


information has not been modified. Thus the UE does not need
to read corresponding SIB.

SIB 7 has no value tag. It changes with each occurrence

Scheduling information is used to inform UE, where and when a


MasterInformationBlock Idle DL BCCH specific system information is transmitted

Informs UE about NAS system Information

Contains UE timers used during RRC Idle and RRC Connected


Mode.

SIB 1 is valid in one PLMN.

MIB is read in RRC modes/states RRC idle, CELL_FACH,


CELL_PCH and URA_PCH. Its parameters are valid in these
and also the RRC sub-state CELL_DCH.

When UE selects new cell it checks the SIB 1 value tag. If


number is the same as in previous cell then the content
transmitted in SIB 1 is also the same. There is no necessity for
System Information Block 1 (SIB 1) Idle DL BCCH UE to read the SIB 1 message.
Idle

Contains URA Identity List

Message valid in RRC sub-state URA_PCH


System Information Block 2 (SIB 2) Idle DL BCCH A change in SIB 2 is indicated by a value tag (in MIB)

Parameters for cell selection and re-selection


Also contains cell identity and cell restriction data

Is valid in RRC idle mode.

Also read and valid in RRC connected mode sub-states


CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH when SIB 4 is not
broadcasted

System Information Block 3 (SIB 3) Idle DL BCCH A change in SIB 3 is indicated by a value tag (in MIB)

Parameters for cell selection and re-selection for Ues in


connected mode

Contains mostly same data as SIB 3 but is read and is valid


only when UE is in the RRC connected mode.

Read and valid in the CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH


sub state.

System Information Block 4 (SIB 4) Idle DL BCCH A change in SIB 3 is indicated by a value tag (in MIB)
Parameters for common physical channel configuration

Parameters cover the PICH power offset, AICH power offset, P-


CCPCH, S-CCPCH and PRACH System information list

Read and valid in the CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH


sub state.

System Information Block 5 (SIB 5) Idle DL BCCH A change in SIB 5 is indicated by a value tag (in MIB)
Example

003362 09:37:17.344 RRC DL BCCH-BCH SysInfoType2

SysInfoType2
- URA_IdentityList_0: 11101
Timeslot Usage Hopping C/i
T-Mobile Orange T-Mobile Orange T-Mobile
0 1 0.22% 7 1.12% Yes 594 84.62% 671 67.10% 0-10 244
1 242 53.19% 325 52.08% No 108 15.38% 329 32.90% 10-20 6031
2 42 9.23% 58 9.29% 702 100.00% 1000 100.00% 20-30 581
3 39 8.57% 43 6.89% 6856
4 33 7.25% 38 6.09%
5 30 6.59% 33 5.29%
6 57 12.53% 34 5.45%
7 11 2.42% 86 13.78%
455 100.00% 624 100.00%
C/i
T-Mobile Orange
3.56% 556 4.15%
87.97% 9807 73.17%
8.47% 3040 22.68%
100.00% 13403 100.00%