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DAFTAR ISI

INTISARI ............................................................................................................ i
KATA PENGANTAR ........................................................................................ ii
DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................. vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR ....................................................................................... xiv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .................................................................................... xv
DAFTAR NOTASI.......................................................................................... xvi
BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................... 1
1.1 Latar Belakang ......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Kapasitas Rancangan ............................................................................... 4
1.3 Lokasi Pabrik ........................................................................................... 5
BAB II TINJAUAN TEORI ............................................................................ 13
2.1 Tinjauan Umum ..................................................................................... 13
2.2 Tinjauan Proses ...................................................................................... 21
2.3 Sifat Fisik dan Kimia .............................................................................. 32
2.4 Spesifikasi Bahan Baku, Bahan Penunjang, dan Produk ......................... 40
BAB III TAHAPAN DAN DESKRIPSI PROSES .......................................... 43
3.1 Tahapan Proses dan Blok Diagram ......................................................... 43
3.2 Deskripsi Proses dan Flowsheet .............................................................. 45
BAB IV NERACA MASSA DAN ENERGI .................................................... 50
4.1 Neraca Massa ......................................................................................... 50
4.2 Neraca Energi......................................................................................... 58
BAB V UTILITAS ........................................................................................... 64
5.1 Unit Peyediaan Listrik ............................................................................ 66
5.2 Unit Pengadaan Air ................................................................................ 66
5.3 Unit Pengolahan Limbah ........................................................................ 79
BAB VI SPESIFIKASI PERALATAN ........................................................... 83
6.1 Spesifikasi Peralatan Utama ................................................................... 83
6.2 Spesifikasi Peralatan Utilitas ................................................................ 118

iv
BAB VII TATA LETAK DAN K3LH (KESELAMATAN, KESEHATAN
KERJA DAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP) ....................................................... 131
7.1 Tata Letak Pabrik ................................................................................. 131
7.2 Keselamatan, Kesehatan Kerja dan Lingkungan Hidup (K3LH) ........... 136
BAB III ORGANISASI PERUSAHAAN ...................................................... 144
8.1 Struktur Organisasi ............................................................................... 144
8.2 Sistem Kepegawaian dan Sistem Gaji ................................................... 151
BAB IX ANALISA EKONOMI .................................................................... 155
9.1 Total Capital Investment (TCI) ............................................................. 155
9.2 Biaya Produksi (Total Production Cost) ............................................... 156
9.3 Harga Jual (Total Sales) ...................................................................... 157
9.4 Tinjauan Kelayakan Ekonomi............................................................... 157
BAB X TUGAS KHUSUS.............................................................................. 159
10.1 Pendahuluan ....................................................................................... 159
10.2 Ruang Lingkup Perancangan .............................................................. 159
10.3 Rancangan ......................................................................................... 160
10.4 Kesimpulan Hasil Rancangan ............................................................. 206
BAB XI KESIMPULAN ................................................................................ 209
11.1 Kesimpulan ........................................................................................ 209
11.2 Saran .................................................................................................. 210
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 211
LAMPIRAN A NERACA MASSA..............................................................LA-1
LAMPIRAN B NERACA ENERGI ............................................................ LB-1
LAMPIRAN C SPESIFIKASI PERALATAN............................................LC-1
LAMPIRAN D ANALISA EKONOMI.......................................................LD-1