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READING ACTIVITIES

1.1. Look at the following pictures:


a. Mark which of them represent living beings and which inert beings.

4 6

3 5 7
2

1. Robot…………….……Inert being 5. Cock …………………..Living being


2. Volcano………….....Inert being 6. Flower ………………..Living being (part of one)
3. Computer……………Inert being 7. Fallen tree ……….…Living being (dead)
4. Roast chicken……..Living being (dead)

b. Is an inert being the same as a dead being? Why?


No, it is not the same, because a living being has three characteristics that an inert being
does not have. These characteristics are:
- They have unit of composition that means they are made up by the same chemical elements.
- They have unit of organization that means they are made up of cells.
- They have unit of function that means they can perform the vital functions
A dead being was alive in the past, so that it has had these characteristics.

Are there any examples among the pictures where there is a clear difference between them?
Yes, for example, a robot moves and looks like it was alive, but, it doesn´t have the chemical
composition of a cock, it doesn’t make up by cells and it doesn’t carry out the vital functions:
nutrition, interaction or reproduction.

1.2. Match every characteristic of living beings with its meaning:

3 1
3
6

Same chemical composition Movement


Feeding Breathing

Growth

5 2
7

Excretion Made of cells


Reproduction

1. Living matter has unit of composition..................................................Same chemical composition


2. They have unit of organization............................................................Made of cells
3. They take energy and matter from the outside to stay themselves alive….Breathing and feeding
4. They increase their size and mature....................................................Growth
5. They expel useless substances ...........................................................Excretion
6. They react to stimuli.........................................................................Movement
7. They produce new living beings similar to them....................................Reproduction