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Observation Paper #1

Class/Section: FHS 1500-001

Your Name: Sabrina Averett
Assignment: Observation 1

Background Information
Child’s age: Toddler 18- 24 months
Fictitious Name: “Caleb”
Location: Online Daycare Video
Brief Description: Video of a toddler named Nick and his interaction with the toys, children and
caregivers in his day care.

Biological Development:
Caleb started to play alone. Caleb watched kids play around with each other. Caleb talked to the
adults more than the children around him. Caleb just did his own thing. Caleb was always
concerned about the kids around him. Caleb was trying to do what the kids were doing around
him. Caleb got a little bit more social but was still very observant of the other kids. When Caleb
wants to change what he is dong then he goes to the next thing and starts to play with it. He got
very distracted easily. Caleb wanted to know what everyone was doing all the time. “One part of
the brain that grows and myelinates rapidly during early childhood is the corpus callosum, a
long, thick band of nerve fibers that connects the left and right sides of the brain. Growth of the
corpus callosum makes communication between the hemispheres more efficient, allowing
children to coordinate the two sides of their brains and hence, both sides of their bodies.”
(Berger, 2016, pg. 168) This quote reminds me of how our brain works and helps us with
everything else. “Typically, the brain’s left half controls the body’s right side as well as areas
dedicated to logical reasoning, detailed analysis, and the basics of language. The brain’s right
half controls the body’s left side and areas dedicated to emotional and creative impulses,
including appreciation of music, art, and poetry.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 169) This shows how the
brain works with everything. Caleb did not really talked in the observation.

Cognitive Development:
He was playing with toys and knew they were wheels or a ball. He started to play with water and
realized that if you dump the water it will fall back in. He knew to fill the cups up and tried to
drink it. When the teacher asked him questions he would know where the kid or object was. He
knew how to walk down the stairs. He knew how to climb up the side of the slide. He played
with cars and he knew how to use it on the toy in the video. He seemed really stable until he
started to run is when he got really unstable. “From this work, Piaget developed the central thesis
of cognitive theory: How people think (not just what they know) changes with time and
experience, and then human thinking influences actions. Piaget maintained that cognitive
development occurs in four major age-related periods, or stages: sensorimotor, preoperational,
concrete operational, and formal operational.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 28- 29) “Intellectual
advancement occurs lifelong because humans seek cognitive equilibrium, that is a state of mental
balance. An easy way (called assimilation) to achieve this balance is to interpret new experiences
through the lens of preexisting ideas. For example, infants discover that new objects can be
grasped in the same way as familiar objects; adolescents explain the day’s headlines as evidence
that supports their existing worldviews; older adults speak fondly of the good old days as
embodying values that should endure.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 29) These quotes from the book really
explain what the Cognitive Development is.

Psychosocial Development:
He started to play alone. He watched kids play around with each other. He talked to the adults
more than the children around him. When he played with kids around he was in the background.
He was very social after a little bit. When he played with other kids he was very patient to play
with the object. He got very distracted easily. He wanted to know what everyone was doing all
the time. He was very observant and got excited when everyone else did. He played a lot of
games with the adults. “Psychoanalytic theory connects biological and social growth. Sigmund
Freud and Erik Erikson each described two distinct stages of early development, one in the first
year and one beginning in the second.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 150) This quote shows what I was
seeing in my observation. Psychosocial development and Biological development are almost the
same thing and they help each other. “Freud: Oral and Anal Stages. According to Freud, the first
year of life is the oral stage, so named because the mouth is the young infant’s primary source of
gratification. In the second year, with the anal stage, pleasure comes from the anus- particularly
from the sensual satisfaction of bowel movements and, eventually, the psychological pleasure of
controlling them.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 151) “Erikson: Trust and Autonomy. Accourding to
Erikson, the first crisis of life is trust versus mistrust, when infants learn whether or not the world
can be trusted to satisfy basic needs…. The second crisis is autonomy versus shame and doubt,
beginning at about 18 months, when self-awareness emerges.” (Berger, 2016, pg. 151)

Reference List:
Berger, K. S. (2016) Invitation to the lifespan (3rd. ed.)