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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM 6

DASAR KONFIGURASI EIGRP

MATA KULIAH
PRAKTIK JARINGAN KOMPUTER 1

Oleh :
Nama : ArdiFirmansyah
Kelas : TE-2B
NIM : 4.31.13.1.03

PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK TELEKOMUNIKASI


JURUSAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO
POLITEKNIK NEGERI SEMARANG
2014
I. LANGKAH KERJA PERCOBAAN
1. Menggunakan packet tracer buatlah jaringan EIGRP seperti gambar 2 berikut ini:

Gambar 1. Jaringan EIGRP

LAN A
IP 20.20.20.2

Subnet Mask 255.0.0.0


Gateway 20.20.20.1

LAN B :
IP 198.100.100.2

Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0


Gateway 198.100.100.1

LAN C :
IP 150.140.140.2

Subnet Mask 255.255.0.0


Gateway 150.140.140.1

LAN D :
IP 135.135.135.2

Subnet Mask 255.255.0.0


Gateway 135.135.135.1

ROUTER 1 :
fast ethernet 0/0 : 20.20.20.1 serial 0/0/0 :140.140.140.1 serial 0/0/1 :
200.200.200.1

ROUTER 2 :

fast ethernet 0/0 : 198.100.100.1 serial 0/0/0 :140.140.140.2 serial 0/0/1 : 10.10.10.1

ROUTER 3 :

fast ethernet 0/0 : 150.140.140.1 serial 0/0/0 :10.10.10.2

serial 0/0/1 : 7.7.7.1

ROUTER 4 :

fast ethernet 0/0 : 135.135.135.1 serial 0/0/0 :200.200.200.2 serial 0/0/1 : 7.7.7.2

2. Lakukanlah konfigurasi dengan CLI untuk Router 1,2,3 dan 4 eperti berikut
3. Lakukan pinging komputer antar LAN A, B, C dan D, dan show ip router untuk keempat
router tersebut.
4. Gambarlah jaringan pada gambar 2 berikut ini menggunakan packet tracer dan
lakukanlah konfigurasinya menggunakan CLI simulator tersebut.
5. Lakukanlah pinging untuk mengetes LAN dari ketiga router telah bekerja dengan baik.

Gambar 2. Jaringan EIGRP


Tabel 1. Penomoran IP Jaringan EIGRP Gambar 2

Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway

Fa0/0 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A


R1 S0/0/0 172.16.3.1 255.255.255.252 N/A
S0/0/1 192.168.10.5 255.255.255.252 N/A
Fa0/0 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
S0/0/0 172.16.3.2 255.255.255.252 N/A
R2
S0/0/1 192.168.10.9 255.255.255.252 N/A
Lo1 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.252 N/A
Fa0/0 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
R3 S0/0/0 192.168.10.6 255.255.255.252 N/A
S0/0/1 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.252 N/A
PC1 NIC 172.16.1.10 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.1
PC2 NIC 172.16.2.10 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.1
PC3 NIC 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1

II. TUGAS
1. Tuliskanlah alamat IP pada tabel 2 yang masih kosong berdasarkan gambar 4 berikut ini
:

Gambar 3. Jaringan EIGRP


2. Apakah keuntungan dan kerugian pemakaian route EIGRP dibandingkan router RIP
maupun OSPF.

III. LAPORAN
1. Gambar 1 (Langkah Kerja)

Gambar 4. Gambar Jaringan 1 Langkah Kerja Pada Packet Tracer


a. Konfigurasi router
1. Router 1
Router>en
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R1
R1(config)#int fa0/0
R1(config-if)#ip add 20.20.20.1 255.0.0.0
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#int se0/1/1
R1(config-if)#ip add 200.200.200.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#int se0/1/0
R1(config-if)#ip add 140.140.140.1 255.255.0.0
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#
R1(config)#router eigrp 8
R1(config-router)#net 20.0.0.0
R1(config-router)#net 200.200.200.0
R1(config-router)#net 140.140.0.0
R1(config-router)#exit
R1(config)#exit
R1#

2. Router 2
Router>ena
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R2
R2(config)#int fa0/0
R2(config-if)#ip add 198.100.100.1 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#int se0/1/0
R2(config-if)#ip add 140.140.140.2 255.255.0.0
R2(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#int se0/1/1
R2(config-if)#ip add 10.10.10.1 255.0.0.0
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#router eigrp 8
R2(config-router)#net 198.100.100.0
R2(config-router)#net 140.140.0.0
R2(config-router)#net 10.0.0.0
R2(config-router)#exit
R2(config)#exit
R2#

3. Router 3
Router>en
Router#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R3
R3(config)#int fa0/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 150.140.140.1 255.255.0.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#int se0/1/1
R3(config-if)#ip add 10.10.10.2 255.0.0.0
R3(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#int se0/1/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 7.7.7.1 255.0.0.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#router eigrp 8
R3(config-router)#net 150.140.0.0
R3(config-router)#net 10.0.0.0
R3(config-router)#net 7.0.0.0
R3(config-router)#exit
R3(config)#exit
R3#

4. Router 4
Router>en
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R4
R4(config)#int fa0/0
R4(config-if)#ip add 135.135.135.1 255.255.0.0
R4(config-if)#no shut
R4(config-if)#exit
R4(config)#int se0/1/1
R4(config-if)#ip add 200.200.200.2 255.255.255.0
R4(config-if)#no shut
R4(config-if)#exit
R4(config)#int se0/1/0
R4(config-if)#ip add 7.7.7.2 255.0.0.0
R4(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R4(config-if)#no shut
R4(config-if)#exit
R4(config)#router eigrp 8
R4(config-router)#net 135.135.0.0
R4(config-router)#net 7.0.0.0
R4(config-router)#net 200.200.200.0
R4(config-router)#exit
R4(config)#exit
R4#

b. Ping
1. LAN A
Gambar 5. Ping dari LAN A

2. LAN B

Gambar 6. Ping dari LAN B


3. LAN C

Gambar 7. Ping dari LAN C

4. LAN D
Gambar 8. Ping dari LAN D

c. Show IP Route
1. Router 1

Gambar 9. Show IP Route Router 1

2. Router 2

Gambar 10. Show IP Route Router 2


3. Router 3

Gambar 11. Show IP Route Router 3

4. Router 4

Gambar 12. Show IP Route Router 4


2. Gambar 2 (Langkah Kerja)

Gambar 13. Gambar Jaringan 2 Langkah Kerja Pada Packet Tracer

Tabel 2. Penomoran IP Jaringan EIGRP Gambar 2

Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway

Fa0/0 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A


R1 S0/0/0 172.16.3.1 255.255.255.252 N/A
S0/0/1 192.168.10.5 255.255.255.252 N/A
Fa0/0 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
S0/0/0 172.16.3.2 255.255.255.252 N/A
R2
S0/0/1 192.168.10.9 255.255.255.252 N/A
Lo1 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.252 N/A
Fa0/0 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
R3 S0/0/0 192.168.10.6 255.255.255.252 N/A
S0/0/1 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.252 N/A
PC1 NIC 172.16.1.10 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.1
PC2 NIC 172.16.2.10 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.1
PC3 NIC 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1
a. Konfigurasi Router
1. Router 1 (R1)
Router>en
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R1
R1(config)#int fa0/0
R1(config-if)#ip add 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#int se0/1/0
R1(config-if)#ip add 172.16.3.1 255.255.255.252
R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#int se0/1/1
R1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.5 255.255.255.252
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#exit
R1(config)#router eigrp 1
R1(config-router)#no auto-sum
R1(config-router)#net 172.16.1.0
R1(config-router)#net 172.16.3.0
R1(config-router)#net 192.168.10.4
R1(config-router)#exit
R1(config)#exit
R1#

2. Router 2 (R2)
Router>en
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R2
R2(config)#int se0/1/0
R2 (config-if)#ip add 172.16.3.2 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#int fa0/0
R2(config-if)#ip add 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#int se0/1/1
R2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.9 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#int loopback1
R2(config-if)#ip add 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#exit
R2(config)#router eigrp 1
R2(config-router)#no auto-sum
R2(config-router)#net 172.16.2.0
R2(config-router)#net 172.16.3.0
R2(config-router)#net 192.168.10.8
R2(config-router)#exit
R2(config)#exit
R2#

3. Router 3
Router>en
Router#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Router(config)#hostname R3
R3(config)#int fa0/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#int se0/1/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.6 255.255.255.252
R3(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#
R3(config)#int se0/1/1
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.252
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#exit
R3(config)#
R3(config)#router eigrp 1
R3(config-router)#no auto-sum
R3(config-router)#net 192.168.1.0
R3(config-router)#net 192.168.10.4
R3(config-router)#net 192.168.10.8
R3(config-router)#exit
R3(config)#exit
R3#

a. Ping
1. PC 1

Gambar 14. Ping dari PC 1


2. PC 2

Gambar 15. Ping dari PC 2

3. PC 3

Gambar 16. Ping dari PC 3


3. Tugas

Gambar 17. Tugas Jaringan EIGRP pada Packet Tracer


Tabel 3. Penomoran IP pada Tugas Jaringan EIGRP

Device Interface IP address Subnet Mask Default Gateway


HQ Fa0/0 10.0.35.129 255.255.255.224 -
Fa0/1 10.0.35.161 255.255.255.224 -
Se0/0/0 209.165.201.2 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/0/1 172.20.0.1 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/1/0 172.20.0.5 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/1/1 172.20.0.9 255.255.255.252 -
B1 Fa0/0 10.1.32.1 255.255.255.0 -
Fa0/1 10.1.33.1 255.255.255.0 -
Se0/0/0 172.20.0.2 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/0/1 172.20.0.13 255.255.255.252 -
B2 Fa0/0 10.1.34.1 255.255.255.128 -
Fa0/1 10.1.34.129 255.255.255.128 -
Se0/0/0 172.20.0.6 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/0/1 172.20.0.14 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/1/0 172.20.0.17 255.255.255.252 -
B3 Fa0/0 10.1.35.1 255.255.255.192 -
Fa0/1 10.1.35.65 255.255.255.192 -
Se0/0/0 172.20.0.10 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/0/1 172.20.0.18 255.255.255.252 -
ISP Fa0/0 209.165.202.129 255.255.255.252 -
Se0/0/0 209.165.201.1 255.255.255.252 -
Web Server NIC 209.165.202.130 255.255.255.252 209.165.202.129
PC 1 NIC 10.1.32.10 255.255.255.0 10.1.32.1
PC 2 NIC 10.1.33.10 255.255.255.0 10.1.33.1
PC 3 NIC 10.1.34.10 255.255.255.128 10.1.34.1
PC 4 NIC 10.1.34.130 255.255.255.128 10.1.34.129
PC 5 NIC 10.1.35.10 255.255.255.192 10.1.35.1
PC 6 NIC 10.1.35.66 255.255.255.192 10.1.35.65
PC 7 NIC 10.1.35.130 255.255.255.224 10.1.35.129
PC 8 NIC 10.1.35.162 255.255.255.224 10.1.35.161

Pertanyaan :
Apakah keuntungan dan kerugian pemakaian route EIGRP dibandingkan router RIP maupun
OSPF

Jawab :

Keuntungan :

1. Satu-satunya protokol routing yang menggunakan route backup. Selain memaintain tabel
routing terbaik, EIGRP juga menyimpan backup terbaik untuk setiap route sehingga
setiap kali terjadi kegagalan pada jalur utama, maka EIGRP menawarkan jalur alternatif
tanpa menunggu waktu convergence.
2. Mudah dikonfigurasi semudah RIP.
3. Summarization dapat dilakukan dimana saja dan kapan saja. Pada OSPF summarization
hanya bisa dilakukan di ABR dan ASBR.
4. EIGRP satu-satunya yang dapat melakukan unequal load balancing.
5. Kombinasi terbaik dari protokol distance vector dan link state.
6. Mendukung multiple protokol network (IP, IPX, dan lain-lain).

Kerugian :

Salah satu kelemahan utama EIGRP adalah protocol Cisco-propritary, sehingga dapat
menyebabkan suatu organisasi terkunci terdalam untuk vendor ini. Jika EIGRP diterapkan pada
jaringan multivendor diperlukan suatu fungsi yang disebut route redistribution. Fungsi ini akan
menangani proses pertukaran rute router di antara dua protocol link state (OSPF dan EIGRP).