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WORK PACKAGE D0268

OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom


Technical Specifications SECTION II

OCEANAGOLD (PHILIPPINES) INC

DIDIPIO PROJECT

D0268 OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom

SECTION II TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Page 1/22
WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - HV Switchgear

Table of Contents

1 SCOPE ..............................................................................................................................3
2 CODES AND STANDARDS ..............................................................................................3
3 CONSTRUCTION ..............................................................................................................3
3.1 Service Conditions ........................................................................................................3
3.2 Electrical System ...........................................................................................................3
3.3 Structural and Mechanical Requirements ...................................................................... 3
3.4 Circuit Breakers.............................................................................................................5
3.4.1 General ..................................................................................................................5
3.4.2 Circuit Breaker Interlocks........................................................................................5
3.4.3 Circuit Breaker Intertrips .........................................................................................5
3.4.4 Auxiliary Contacts ...................................................................................................6
3.5 Busbars .........................................................................................................................6
3.6 Busbar and Cable Circuit Shutters ................................................................................6
3.7 Earthing.........................................................................................................................6
3.8 Control Circuit Wiring ....................................................................................................7
3.9 LV Terminal Blocks .......................................................................................................7
3.10 HV Cable Terminations .................................................................................................7
3.11 Auxiliary Supplies ..........................................................................................................8
3.12 Instrument Transformers ...............................................................................................8
3.13 Metering, Protection, Control and Indication .................................................................. 8
3.14 Arc Flash Detection .......................................................................................................9
3.15 Communication Network ...............................................................................................9
3.16 Indicating Lights, Push Buttons and Selector Switches ............................................... 10
3.17 Anti-Condensation Heaters……………………………………………………………………..8
3.18 Labels .........................................................................................................................10
3.19 Finish ..........................................................................................................................11
3.20 Accessories .................................................................................................................11
4 DRAWINGS AND DATA ................................................................................................. 11
5 INSPECTION AND TESTING .......................................................................................... 11
6 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE ........................................................................ 12
7 STANDARDS ..................................................................................................................13

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

1 SCOPE
This specification covers the design, manufacture and testing of industrial type metal-clad factory
assembled switchgear and control gear assemblies with rated voltage of 13.8 kV, comprising an
incoming circuit breaker and feeder circuit breakers in accordance with the relevant IEC
standards.
When reference to the single line diagram (SLD) or protection and metering diagram is made in
the following part of this specification, it shall be deemed to include reference to the associated
Data Sheets.

2 CODES AND STANDARDS


The switchgear shall be designed, manufactured and tested in accordance with the latest
applicable sections of the IEC standards and all other relevant standards as listed in Section 7 of
this document.
Any conflicts between the referenced documents shall be identified to the Buyer in writing for
resolution. In general the order of precedence shall be:-
 Single Line Diagram or Protection and Metering Diagram
 Data Sheet
 This Specification
 Referenced Standards

3 CONSTRUCTION

3.1 Service Conditions


The switchgear shall be suitable for operation in the service conditions stated in the Electrical
Design Criteria, Material Requisition, single line diagram, and Data Sheets.
The switchgear shall be designed to withstand the maximum design earthquake for seismic zone
4 in the Philippines without permanent damage, significant permanent deformation of parts, or any
form of mis-operation which would be destructive to the switchboard or to other equipment which
is connected to the switchboard. The Seller shall provide a frame chassis for the switchboard,
including fixtures for bolting the switchgear to their foundations. Such fixtures shall be suitable for
the specified seismic service. A seismic qualification is not required but, the Seller shall certify that
the switchgear have been designed for seismic service as specified.

3.2 Electrical System


The electrical arrangement of the switchgear, including protection, metering, control, interlocking,
and inter-tripping, shall be as shown on the SLD, protection and metering diagram, and the
Electrical Design Criteria.
All components of the switchgear shall be rated for the electrical system characteristics shown in
the single line diagram. Rated voltages and lightning impulse withstand voltages shall be selected
from the relevant IEC standards to suit the service conditions detailed in the Data Sheets.
The switchgear and bus bar assemblies shall be rated to withstand the short circuit currents
stated in the Data Sheets with peak make and RMS break values compliant with the IEC relevant
standards.

3.3 Structural and Mechanical Requirements


Cubicles shall be metal-clad, free standing, floor mounting, flush fronted and arranged to form a
single structure with a common busbar assembly.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

Outgoing feeder circuit breaker or fused contactor cubicles shall have bottom cable entry.
The incoming and feeder circuit breakers shall have bottom entry for incomer single core cables.
The switchgear shall be manufactured by a single manufacturer.
The switchgear shall be arranged to permit future extension at both ends. The Seller shall confirm
the minimum safe operational clearances around the switchboard.
Busbars of incomer and feeder circuit breakers shall be designed to transition to the adjacent
circuit breaker cubicle. Bus transition cubicles and busbar extensions, where required to provide a
transition to adjacent panels, shall be routine tested and type tested in accordance with
requirements of the relevant IEC specification. The Seller shall provide satisfactory test
certificates from a European Co-operation for Accreditation (EA) registered test laboratory.
All parts of the structure shall be capable of withstanding the internal pressures created by
maximum rated fault-current within the structure without danger to the operating personnel.
An arcing fault in one compartment should not cause major damage to other compartments.
Separate pressure relief vents shall be provided in bus bar, cable and circuit breaker
compartments to release arc fault pressure quickly and safely to atmosphere, external of the
switchroom.
Type test reports for internal arc withstand performance shall be provided for the switchgear
offered. The minimum standard required is detailed in IEC 62271 – 200.
Structures shall be self-ventilating.
Interlocks, busbar shutters and covers shall be provided to prevent incorrect or unsafe operation
and to prevent access to live parts.
It shall be possible to work safely within individual compartments whilst the remainder of the
switchboard is energised. Busbar shutters shall be able to be padlocked in the closed position.
Visual indication shall be provided for the earthing switch position in circuit breaker cubicles.
Indoor enclosures shall have a degree of protection of IP42.
Equipped and non-equipped spare cubicles shall be provided as specified in the single line
diagram. Any non-equipped spare cubicles shall be arranged such that they can be fully equipped
without de-energising the switchboard. Earthing switches shall be provided in both equipped and
non-equipped cubicles and shall have provision for padlocking in the closed position.
The withdrawable devices shall be provided with a carriage arrangement to permit their
movement, by one person, within the switch room.
The carriage shall be adjustable in height from Circuit Breaker position to floor level and shall
contain locating “pins” which lock into position to enable the Circuit Breaker to be withdrawn or
inserted.
Construction, including cable entry, shall be vermin proof.
All cover plates that exceed 0.7 m2 that require removal for installation or maintenance of the
equipment shall be equipped with lifting handles and self-supporting lips. With the exception of
the backs of panels, cover plates shall not exceed 1.1 m2 in area or 25 kg in weight, unless they
are hinged and bolted or locked. Cover plates shall be secured using captive bolt fixings.
o
All doors and hinged panels shall open at least 95 and be equipped with doorstops to hold them
in the open position. All such doors and hinged covers shall be equipped with handles and
secured by captive bolts, lockable with a key or pad-lockable.
Enclosures shall not have sharp edges or pointed objects, such as the pointed ends of sheet
metal screws, on the exterior, inside any cable zone, or in any access space required for
installation, operation, maintenance or testing.
Operating devices, handles, push buttons, lamps and indicating instruments shall be located
above 0.3 m and below 2.2 m from the finished floor level.
The use of asbestos in the manufacturing of any equipment supplied is prohibited.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

3.4 Circuit Breakers

3.4.1 General
Incoming circuit breaker and feeder circuit breakers shall be arranged as shown on the single line
diagram and generally be in accordance with the requirements listed below.
Circuit breakers shall be withdrawable and of one of the following types as stated on the single
line diagram:
 Vacuum
 Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
Circuit breakers shall be stored energy type, electrically operated with motor spring operation and
be provided with an anti-pumping facility in the circuit breaker closing circuit.
Circuit breakers shall be supplied with means to manually charge and operate the open/close
mechanism.
Circuit breakers shall be provided with trip circuit supervision to monitor trip circuit continuity and
trip circuit supply. This can be incorporated into the protection relay if so designed.
Alarm and indication facilities shall be provided for each circuit breaker and a volt free contact
provided in each circuit breaker control panel for remote common alarm.
Circuit breakers shall be provided with OPEN/CLOSE push buttons. The “CLOSE” pushbutton
shall be covered by a removable plate or suitable protection/padlocking to prevent inadvertent
operation.
Circuit breaker panels shall be provided with cast resin bushings for primary circuit terminal
insulation.
Circuit breaker fixed and moving making contacts shall be silver-plated.
Test facilities shall be provided to permit operation of the circuit breaker whilst in the test position.

3.4.2 Circuit Breaker Interlocks


Circuit breakers and their cubicles shall be interlocked to prevent:
 The circuit breaker being inserted into the service position unless it is open.
 The circuit breaker being withdrawn from the service position unless it is open.
 The circuit breaker being operated unless it is locked fully in the service or test position or
fully withdrawn.
 The cubicle door being opened when circuit breaker is in service position.
 The circuit breaker being operated unless the door is closed and the low voltage plug is
connected. All mechanical switching and racking operations of the circuit breaker shall be
with the door closed.
 The low voltage plug from being disconnected unless the circuit breaker is open and in the
test position.
 The outgoing feeder earth switches being closed unless the circuit breaker is in the test
position or is withdrawn.

3.4.3 Circuit Breaker Intertrips


Intertripping facilities are to be provided between circuit breakers on the existing power station HV
switchboard 13-LC-001 and circuit breakers on switchboard 14-LC-002, including the main
incoming circuit breaker.
Auxiliary contacts are to be wired to terminals in each circuit breaker control section to allow
cabling between the two switchboards to be installed by others.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

3.4.4 Auxiliary Contacts


The circuit breakers shall be provided with a minimum of two normally open and two normally
closed spare auxiliary contacts wired out to terminals. The use of auxiliary relays for this purpose
shall be subject to Buyer’s approval.
In addition, auxiliary contacts (truck operated contacts) shall be provided for:
 Circuit breaker in service position.
 Circuit breaker in test position.
 Circuit earthed.
It shall be possible to easily arrange contacts for normally "open" or normally "closed".
Separate voltage-free contacts for all functions are to be wired to terminals for DCS inputs.

3.5 Busbars
Busbars and connections shall be manufactured from hard drawn copper.
Air insulated busbars are acceptable. Where insulated busbars are offered they shall be fully
insulated for the highest system voltage. A sleeve type heat shrink insulating material or
equivalent, with good flame resistance and self-extinguishing properties shall be used.
Busbars shall be of the same cross sectional area throughout the length of the switchboard and
tin plated at joints.
Phase busbars shall be run in a separate compartment not requiring access for any other
purpose.
All busbars shall be identified in accordance with IEC 60446.
An earth busbar, sized for the earth fault rating of the electrical system and switchboard, shall be
provided along the full length of the switchboard structure. The cross sectional area shall be, as a
minimum that of the site earth cable connection (i.e.: 120 mm2).
The earth busbar shall have the provision for earth cable connections at each end. Where frame
leakage protection is specified, a separate insulated busbar and insulated switchboard mounting
arrangements are required in addition.
All phase and earth busbars and connections shall be sized, braced and supported to withstand
the mechanical forces and thermal affects resulting from the switchboard rated short circuit
current and carry certification from a recognised Testing Authority.

3.6 Busbar and Cable Circuit Shutters


Circuit breaker panels shall be fitted with busbar and cable circuit shutters that shall:
 Be coloured red for busbar and yellow for circuit. For bus-section and coupler applications
the shutters shall be labelled with the busbar number.
 Be of non-metallic construction.
 Be of the positively driven type, gravity drop shutters are not acceptable.
 Be capable of being individually operated by hand (circuit shutter only).
 Have provision for padlocking in the test, closed position.
Shutters that cover the bus terminals when circuit breakers are disconnected shall have provision
to prevent the shutters from becoming dislodged from their guides and operating mechanism.

3.7 Earthing
All metallic non-current carrying parts of the switchboard shall be bonded together and connected
to the switchboard earth busbar.
The frame of each functional unit and each device requiring earthing shall be connected directly to
the earth busbar. The sheet metal of enclosures shall not be used for earthing components of the
switchgear.
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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

All doors shall be bonded to the main structure by means of a flexible copper connection arranged
so that it cannot be trapped as the door is opened or closed.
Withdrawable parts shall be effectively earthed until they are completely withdrawn with all power
and control connections disconnected.
Provision shall be made, adjacent to the cable termination, for connecting earthing cable
armouring to the earth busbar.

3.8 Control Circuit Wiring


Secondary wiring shall be PVC insulated 1000V grade with stranded copper conductors. Minimum
cross sectional area shall be 1.0 mm2. Wiring for the VT’s shall be a minimum of 2.5 mm2 and
the CT’s shall be sized with consideration given to the secondary burden of the transformers with
the minimum wiring being no less than 4 mm2.
Secondary wiring within the switchboard shall be securely held in position (either loomed or run in
conduit/trunking). Where the wiring enters or passes through compartments containing high
voltage apparatus, it shall be run in earthed continuous metallic conduit/trunking without gaps,
holes or joints.
Secondary wiring layout shall permit alterations to individual circuits without requiring the
shutdown of the complete switchboard.
Bus wires for control and voltage transformer buses shall be run within the switchboard.
Separate fuses or miniature circuit breakers (MCB) shall be provided for each control, indication
and protection circuit. Control, indication and instrument circuit fuses shall be of the HRC cartridge
type.
Wiring identification shall be by numbered and/or lettered ferrules, as per the relevant wiring
diagrams, fitted to the wire adjacent to the terminals. They shall be of insulating material and
indelibly marked. Removal of a ferrule without disconnecting the wire from its terminal shall be
possible.
Flexible cables shall be used for connections to door mounted equipment. Wiring shall be
loomed/wrapped in flexible PVC conduit and be firmly clamped at both ends to prevent movement
at the terminations.
All wiring for external connections shall be brought out to individual terminals on a readily
accessible terminal block.
No more than one wire shall be connected to each side of a terminal. For multiple wires from a
common source proprietary bridges/links shall be used.

3.9 LV Terminal Blocks


Terminal blocks shall be arranged and positioned to afford easy access for carrying out external
cable termination, testing, inspection and maintenance.
Terminal blocks shall be mounted in a single deck arrangement in common areas such as the LV
compartment.
The panel wiring shall be on one side of the terminal block only.
Terminal blocks, in LV compartments shall be shrouded or provided with transparent covers.
Terminals shall be of the screwed compression type and shall only accommodate single
conductors.
Terminals for different voltages shall be separated by partitions.
Separate terminal arrangements shall be provided for each starter/feeder and for power and
control cables.

3.10 HV Cable Terminations


Cable terminating facilities and terminals shall be for the specified cable type, gland and
conductor size.
The Seller shall design the HV cable terminal compartments and cable boxes / cable
management systems to allow necessary space for cable bending, application of earth
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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

connections onto screen/shield tapes, installation of cable stress relief elements, installation and
termination of cable lugs and accurate dimensioning of gland plates.
Clear space shall be allowed between the terminals and the gland plates for spreading,
terminating and if necessary crossing the HV phase cables to obtain correct phase rotation.
Termination of HV single core cables shall be through a non-magnetic metal panel or gland plate
and provision made for bonding and earthing any armour and/or concentric earth conductors.
Terminal boxes (where specified) shall be suitable for dry type terminations unless otherwise
specified.
A terminal box or chamber with un-drilled gland plate or entry panel of sufficient dimensions to
terminate the specified cables shall be provided.
Positioning of cable terminations shall avoid obstruction of other cable terminations, removable
covers, etc and provide for easy access for terminating cables. They shall allow for the installation
of the current transformers where specified.
Cable supports shall be provided (where practicable) by the Seller to avoid undue strain on the
cable termination.

3.11 Auxiliary Supplies


Auxiliary supplies shall be in accordance with the single line diagram and shall be obtained from a
Buyer supplied 110V DC switchboard in the switch room.
Bus-wired auxiliary supplies shall be individually MCB protected within each circuit breaker panel.

3.12 Instrument Transformers


Voltage and current transformers shall be provided as shown on the single line diagram.
Instrument transformer nameplates shall be fixed in a position, inside the LV compartment so that
details can easily be read.
The Seller shall provide details of ratio, output, class and accuracy for all instrument transformers
in its supply.
The secondary windings of the instrument current transformers shall be earthed at one point
through a removable link, with provision for attaching test links.
Current transformers shall be rated to withstand the thermal and magnetic stresses resulting from
the maximum available through fault current.
Shorting terminals for current transformers shall be provided at the outgoing terminals where
external connections are required.
Busbar voltage transformers shall have provisions for safely disconnecting the fuses and
transformers from energized busbar. Where plug in withdrawable types are used, shutters shall
be provided to automatically seal off the high voltage spouts when the transformers are
withdrawn. These shutters shall be pad-lockable in the closed position.
Accessible test/short circuit links and terminals, with the following facilities shall be provided for
each CT and VT:
 Source side short circuit of CT secondary
 Burden side short circuit of CT secondary
 Insertion of external device (including injection test set) in secondary lead of each CT or star
point lead
 Each phase and neutral of VT secondary for test equipment take off
 Connection of any source side transformer’s differential protection relays.

3.13 Metering, Protection, Control and Indication


Metering, protection and control shall be provided as shown on the single line diagram.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

Meters and relays shall be capable of withstanding, without damage the secondary currents
associated with the maximum available through fault current.
Open/close control of feeders shall be able to be carried out from the remote control panel.
Test facilities shall be provided to permit operation of the feeder panels without energising the HV
circuit.
Feeder panels shall have a test position in addition to service and fully withdrawn positions. In the
test position, local controls shall be operable, HV sources shall be disconnected, and safety
shutters closed.
Feeder energised/de-energised indication shall be provided on all feeder panels.
Each protection relay including intertrip relays, shall latch in operation, require manual resetting,
provide clear flagging of operation and have separate contacts for each trip function and for
alarming. Protection trip circuits shall be hardwired without the use of repeat relays.
Unless otherwise specified protective relays shall be of the solid state, microprocessor-based
programmable type with serial communication facilities and be of the flush-fronted, draw out type.
Relays shall have provision for external interrogation/set point adjustment via a laptop computer.
Relay test and setting software, including interface leads, shall be provided as part of the supply.
Current carrying terminals shall be automatically short-circuited when the relays are withdrawn.
Protective relays shall have hand-reset facilities and clear operation indication, e.g. light emitting
diodes. Non-tripping relays may be self-resetting if an indication of operation remains until hand
reset.
All protection relays shall be fully configured by the Seller prior to factory acceptance tests.
Configuration shall provide the functionality detailed in the single line diagrams and elsewhere.
Control relays shall remain energised without chatter at 75% supply voltage. The drop out voltage
shall be not less than 10% of nominal supply voltage.
In the event of loss of interrupting media (SF6 or vacuum) local alarm indication shall be provided
with contacts for remote indication. SF6 pressure gauge shall be included where SF6 is used.
Facilities shall be provided for the direct checking of contactor contact wear.
Each contactor and circuit breaker cubicle shall have individual phase indicator lamps on the load
side to indicate voltage is present.

3.14 Arc Flash Detection


The switchgear shall be provided an with arc-flash detection system which utilises sensors in all
HV compartments and individual current transformers for confirmation of current flow.
If the fault is detected on the incoming side of the main incomer circuit breaker, then signals shall
be provided to trip an upstream circuit breaker

3.15 Communication Network


The switchgear and protection relays shall also be “intelligent” type with communication interface
facilities to the Plant PCS. A proprietary communication network shall be implemented for all
status monitoring, control, data acquisition and PCS interface.
The Seller’s proprietary communications network shall be capable of interfacing to the Plant PCS
using Modbus/TCP protocol.
Events shall be time stamped in the protection relays with a resolution of no more than 1 ms.
Time reference shall be provided by the PCS to the Supplier proprietary communication network.
The Supplier shall clarify, with the bid, the interface requirements between the PCS and the
proprietary communication network in order to ensure all electrical events are stamped with the
same time reference, at the same resolution.
Local/Remote operation of the switchgear shall be implemented as follows:
Local: Control enabled from front of panel and HMI
Remote: Control enabled from Plant PCS

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

The Seller shall include all software, programming, and hardware necessary for testing,
commissioning and maintenance activities.
The Seller shall provide full details of the proposed architecture with their offer.

3.16 Indicating Lights, Push Buttons and Selector Switches


Indicating lights shall be 22 mm diameter type. It shall be possible to replace the light element
from the front.
Light elements shall be multi cluster LED type with or without a transformer. The lights shall be
either “push to test” or each starter shall have a “Push to Test“ button on the front of the module
for testing the lamps.
Push buttons, selector switches and indicating lights shall be of the same style and size.
The number of contact blocks on each push button or selector switch shall be limited to two.
Relays shall be used if additional contacts are needed.

3.17 Anti-Condensation Heaters


Cubicle heaters of voltage 220V AC and suitably rated to prevent condensation shall be provided
within the cubicles. Thermostats shall be included in the control circuits.
Terminals for anti-condensation heater supplies in the feeder panels and circuit breaker low
voltage control compartments shall be covered by transparent “Perspex” covers and clearly
marked “Caution – 220V AC supplied from Separate Source”.

3.18 Labels
Labels shall identify switchboard cubicles, compartments and components. Nameplates, rating
plates and labelling of equipment and wiring shall be in accordance with the relevant IEC
Standards. Functional unit label designations shall be in both English and French and be located
at front and rear of panel, be of laminated engraved black and white plastic with black lettering
approximately 20 mm high giving the designations shown on the single line diagram.
Each device including relays, meters, push buttons, lamps, fuses, contactors, and timers shall be
clearly labelled to indicate its purpose. Labels shall be positioned to provide easy identification
and correspond to the designation on the panel drawings. Such labels shall have minimum
lettering sizes of approximately 6 mm high for external labels and 4 mm high for internal labels.
Fuse labels shall show the rating of each fuse.
Where devices such as push buttons are attached to doors, a label with the same designation
shall be fixed to the reverse (panel-wiring) side.
Internal labels shall be secured adjacent to the equipment but not on removable covers or
equipment. They shall be positioned to allow replacement of labels, equipment or fixings. Internal
labels may make use of a durable proprietary labelling system unless specifically indicated
otherwise.
External labels shall be engraved on laminated plastic and attached with screws and nuts or
screws into tapped holes. Where the label is longer than 100 mm, holes shall be elongated and
provided approximately every 100 mm.
A main nameplate shall be affixed in a prominent position on each switchboard giving the
following information:
 Manufacturer’s name and type
 Switchboard designation
 System voltage, phases, wires and frequency
 Rated fault current
 Busbar rating
 Year of manufacture
 Buyer’s name

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

 Order/Item No
Each circuit shall be fitted with a label giving the equipment tag number, circuit description and the
following information:
 Current and voltage rating
 Rated fault making and breaking current
 Circuit designation
Labels shall have black characters on a white background. Danger labels shall have white
characters on a red background. Warning labels shall have black characters on a yellow
background. Labels shall be made of a non-corrodible material.
Each isolation point on the switchgear assemblies shall have a unique isolation point number.
These isolation point numbers shall be labelled as per the requirements in Appendix B. The
isolation point numbers shall be shown on the single line diagrams.
IP numbers will not be assigned LV circuits including instrumentation field power, light and power
circuits and welding outlets.

3.19 Finish
The colour and finish shall be in accordance with the Manufacturer’s standards for the service
conditions specified. The Seller shall provide touch up paint, to allow for minor repairs after
installation to restore the finished coats.

3.20 Accessories
A complete set of any special tools required for operation, maintenance and testing of the
switchboard shall be provided. A suitable storage box or wall mounted rack shall be provided.

4 DRAWINGS AND DATA


The Seller shall provide drawings and data in accordance with:
 The Scope of Work - Drawing and Data Requirements
 Instructions to Sellers

5 INSPECTION AND TESTING


The Seller shall provide test certificates for each design and rating of the switchboard for type
tests. Tests shall be those listed in the relevant standards (clause 2.0). The tests shall be for the
precise cubicle configuration including any adapter units between different circuit breaker and
cubicles.
The Buyer reserves the right to witness the following tests:
 Routine tests on the switchboard as specified in the relevant standards
 Operational (electrical and mechanical) tests on all components
 Protection operation by primary injection of current and voltage as agreed
 Verification of availability and correct operation of all protection and control functions of all
protection relays
 Interchangeability test for withdrawable items
 Type tests where carried out for this specification
The Buyer reserves the right to inspect the switchgear at the Manufacturer's works prior to
despatch to prove compliance with specification. Certificate for witnessed tests shall be available
for signature on the day of the tests.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

6 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE


The switchgear shall be shipped in sections to suit ease of handling for transportation and
installation.
Each shipping section shall be provided with supports in the form of suitable steel sections and
lifting eyes to maintain alignment of parts during shipping, handling, hoisting and installation.
Location of lifting points shall be clearly marked on shipping containers and on drawings. Each
shipping section shall have its weight and centre of gravity clearly marked on the container.
Preparation for shipment shall protect the switchboard auxiliary devices and accessories against
corrosion, dampness, and breakage or vibration injury during transportation and handling.
Each shipping container shall be identified with the contents, purchase order number and item
number.
Instructions shall be provided for reassembly of sections in the field.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

7 STANDARDS

Direct Acting Indicating Analogue Electrical Measuring Instruments


IEC 60051
And Their Accessories

Basic And Safety Principles For Man-Machine Interface, Marking And


IEC 60073
Identification – Coding Principles For Indication Devices And Actuators

IEC 62271 High-Voltage Switchgear And Controlgear

IEC 60255 Electrical Relays

Direct Acting Recording Electrical Measuring Instruments And Their


IEC 60258
Accessories

IEC 60265 High-Voltage Switches

IEC 60269 Low-Voltage Fuses

IEC 60282 High-Voltage Fuses

Basic And Safety Principles For Man-Machine Interface, Marking And


IEC 60445 Identification – Identification Of Equipment Terminals And Conductor
Terminations

Basic And Safety Principles For Man-Machine Interface, Marking And


IEC 60446 Identification – Identification Of Conductors By Colours Or
Alphanumerics

Electricity Metering Equipment (AC) General Requirements, Tests And


IEC 62052-11
Test Conditions Part 11: Metering Equipment

IEC 60529 Degrees Of Protection Provided By Enclosures. (IP Code)

IEC 60617 Graphical Symbols For Diagrams

IEC 60947 Low-Voltage Switchgear And Control Gear

IEC 61000 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

IEC 61810 Electromechanical Elementary Relays

High Voltage AC switchgear and Controlgear – Switches and


AS 1025
disconnectors

AS 1033 High voltage fuses (for rated voltages exceeding 1000 V).

High Voltage AC Switchgear and Controlgear – Disconnectors


AS 1306
(Isolators) and Earthing Switches

AS 1824 Insulation Coordination – Definitions, principles and rules

High Voltage AC switchgear and Controlgear – Switch-Fuse


AS 2024
Combinations

Switchgear Assemblies and Ancillary Equipment for Alternating Voltages


AS 2067
>1kV

AC insulation-enclosed switchgear and Controlgear for rated voltages


AS 2264
above 1 kV and up to and including 38 kV
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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

AS 2650 Common Specifications for High Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear.

AS/NZS
Electrical installations (AKA Australian and New Zealand Wiring Rules)
3000:2000

Electrical Installations - Surface Mines and Associated Processing Plant


AS 3007
(all Parts)

AS 60044.1 Current Transformers

AS 60044.2 Voltage Transformers

High Voltage Switches – Part 1: Switches for rated voltages above 1kV
AS/NZS 60265.1
and less than 52kV

High Voltage alternating current contactors and contactor based motor-


AS 60470
starters

NSCP C101-01 National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume 1

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - Switchroom

Table of Contents

1 SCOPE ................................................................................................................. 16
2 CODES AND STANDARDS ................................................................................. 16
3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ......................................................................... 16
3.1 Technical ...................................................................................................................................... 16
3.2 Structural Design Criteria ............................................................................................................. 17
3.3 Structural Elements and Finishes ................................................................................................ 17
3.3.1 Base Frame .......................................................................................................................... 17
3.3.2 Flooring ................................................................................................................................ 17
3.3.3 Walls..................................................................................................................................... 18
3.3.4 Cladding and Insulation ........................................................................................................ 18
3.3.5 Roof ...................................................................................................................................... 18
3.3.6 Landings and Stairs ............................................................................................................. 19
3.3.7 Separate LV Room ............................................................................................................... 19
3.3.8 Switchroom Dimensions ....................................................................................................... 19
3.3.9 Doors .................................................................................................................................... 19
3.3.10 Fasteners ............................................................................................................................. 19
3.4 Safety and Fire Equipment .......................................................................................................... 19
3.5 Earthing ........................................................................................................................................ 20
3.6 Air-Conditioning Systems - General ............................................................................................ 20
3.7 Air-Conditioning Systems - Design Parameters .......................................................................... 21
3.8 Pressurising Fan .......................................................................................................................... 21
3.9 Lighting ........................................................................................................................................ 21
3.10 Power Outlets .............................................................................................................................. 21
3.11 Electrical room Light and Power Distribution Boards .................................................................. 21
3.12 Labels .......................................................................................................................................... 22
3.13 Phones ......................................................................................................................................... 22
3.14 Other Inclusions ........................................................................................................................... 22
3.15 Cable Entries ............................................................................................................................... 22
3.16 Lighting and Small Power ............................................................................................................ 22
4 DRAWINGS AND DATA ...................................................................................... 22
5 INSPECTION AND TESTING .............................................................................. 22
6 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE ............................................................ 23

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OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

1 SCOPE
This specification covers the design, manufacture and testing of a pre-fabricated transportable
electrical switchroom to house the 13.8kV switchgear and associated equipment for the Didipio
Overhead Power Line Project, Philippines.

2 CODES AND STANDARDS


The switchroom shall be designed, manufactured and tested in accordance with the latest
applicable sections of the IEC standards and all other relevant standards as listed in section 7 of
this document.
Any conflicts between the referenced documents shall be identified to the Buyer in writing for
resolution. In general the order of precedence shall be:-
 Single Line Diagram or Protection and Metering Diagram
 Data Sheet
 This Specification
 Referenced Standards

3 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


Design, materials, construction and testing shall comply with this technical specification and
relevant Australian or IEC Standards, including all current amendments. Where no Standard
exists, clarification shall be sought from the Engineer.
The whole of the works shall conform to the requirements of the Equipment Datasheets.
The Contractor shall not depart from the requirements of the Scope of Work unless approved in
writing by the Engineer. Any alternative proposal shall be submitted for approval with supporting
drawings and tests as necessary to enable the Engineer to understand fully the nature of the
departure contained in the alternative proposal.
The Contractor shall supply all documentation as detailed in the Vendor Data and Drawing
Requirements schedule.
3.1 Technical
The design of the switch rooms shall comply with the intent of this specification.
All equipment, structural systems, finishes and materials shall be designed and selected to
withstand the rigors of transport over sealed and unsealed roads and during service conditions.
Stairs landings and support columns and braces shall be bolted to the building on site.
The roof, walls and floor shall be sealed to prevent the ingress of dust, water, vermin and insects.
The interior of the electrical rooms shall provide a modern, clean, easily maintained and robust
working environment.
The site environment conditions are often hot, humid and wet. The electrical rooms shall be
designed to exist and operate in these conditions with minimal maintenance.
The rooms shall be equipped to withstand these conditions and be equipped but not limited to the
following
 Appropriate Dust filters to Air Conditioning air supply intakes
 Sealing of all ceiling and roof spaces to prevent dust migration to internal spaces
 Approved seals to all external doors and openings.
 Sealing of all cable ways or penetrations through walls and floors

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

The Supplier shall provide particular attention to and develop appropriate solutions for:
 Vermin proofing
 Low maintenance
 Minimizing air-conditioning loads
 Minimizing electrical operating loads and costs
3.2 Structural Design Criteria
Unless otherwise specified all design shall be based on the relevant applicable Standards, Codes
Specifications, Acts and regulations
The design of structural steelwork shall be in accordance with AS 4100 Steel Structures.
All floor, roof, wall, insulation and ceiling materials shall be non-combustible.
Any departures from the requirement of this specification shall be submitted in writing for approval
by the Engineer prior to commencement of any design, fabrication and or construction
The clear ceiling height of the HV Switchroom shall be minimum 3100mm.
The underside of the switchroom chassis shall be minimum 2000mm above grade.
All components shall be readily replaceable in the event of damage or wear.
Minimum clearance around equipment and clearance between switchgear cubicle doors and walls
shall be maintained as per the drawings and Australian Standards.
Any departure from the specification requirements shall be submitted for approval prior to
commencing any design/fabrication/construction.
3.3 Structural Elements and Finishes
3.3.1 Base Frame
The base frame shall be fabricated from a solid and rigid foundation to support the structure
The base structure shall be fabricated from Hot Dipped galvanised steel. Universal beams and
columns and parallel flange channels shall be grade 300 and shall conform to AS/NZS 3679.1
Structural Steel - Hot rolled bars and sections
Beams and channels shall be arranged so that debris and water cannot be retained to form
corrosion sites.
The supplier shall design and supply removeable lifting lugs to allow lifting of the complete
switchroom when fully fitted out with all electrical equipment.
The lifting lugs shall be designed to carry a minimum of twice its actual load.
All floor mounted electrical equipment located within the switch room shall be bolted securely to
the floor/substructure. Final positions shall be subject to approval of the engineer.
The building shall be transported complete with equipment mounted inside and lifted into its final
position by crane. The base structure shall be designed to allow transporting and lifting by crane
without deformation.
Support column cap plates shall be match drilled to the floor beams.
The building structure shall be mounted on steel supports.
The allowable bearing pressure for full DL and LL shall be 250kPa.
The vendor shall design the footings and ensure that this allowable bearing pressure can be met.
The vendor shall provide a foundation layout with all anchor points described.
3.3.2 Flooring
The floor materials shall be 18mm non-combustible Compressed Fibre Cement sheeting and shall
be fixed to the floor joists with galvanised steel countersunk self drilling screws applied in
conformance with the manufacturer’s specification.
Flooring shall be fabricated from water and mould resistant materials. The floor joists shall be hot
dipped galvanised.

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OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

Floor covering shall be industrial grade welded vinyl sheet, and no less than 2mm thick and shall
be glued to the CFC sheet and sealed and polished prior to sending to site. All seams shall be
fully welded to form a waterproof joint and covering shall extend a minimum distance of 75mm up
all walls.
A temporary “floating” plywood floor shall be fitted above the vinyl flooring to protect it from
damage during transportation and final commissioning of the electrical equipment on site.
The design of the floor shall take into consideration the installation of the equipment in
accordance with the equipment manufacturer’s recommendations. This includes provision of all
joists, members, bracing, cut-outs and all other material items as required to adequately support
the weight of the equipment.
Structural members, floor joists, bracing etc shall be so positioned to avoid fouling with the cable
entry openings for bottom entry cables to equipment located within the switch room. Space shall
be left clear beneath the building floor for installation of cable ladder by others. Allowance shall
also be made for noted future equipment installation.
Unless otherwise stated the cable entry for all equipment shall be bottom entry through the floor.
Cut-outs shall be provided through the floor sheeting under all electrical equipment to allow cables
to be glanded into equipment gland plates.
The dimensions of the cut–outs shall be the maximum possible to enable use of the full extent of
the equipment gland plates.
Cut-outs left for future extensions shall be covered with a galvanised checker plate sheet securely
screwed and sealed such that they can be readily removed for future equipment installation.
3.3.3 Walls
Walls shall be steel framed, fully welded and supported by structural portal frames. Studs shall be
installed at no less that 600mm centres.
Unless otherwise stated the walls shall be constructed to withstand 2 hours fire egress.
Where welded joints are applied the weld shall be cleaned of scale and coated with Cold
Galvanising paint.
Riveted joints are acceptable. All rivets shall be recessed and swaged to ensure flat surface.
Wall mounted equipment shall be rigidly supported from structural members of the switch room.
Wall panels/sheeting shall not be used for directly mounting equipment.
3.3.4 Cladding and Insulation
Cladding shall be Bluescope Steel Spandek HiTen700 colourbond XRW. Colour shall be
Sandbank for roofing and walls.
All walls and roof are to be insulated with non-combustible insulation with an insulation grade of
R2.5 minimum.
Anti-glare foil sheeting of 500 grade shall be used.
3.3.5 Roof
The building roof shall be steel framed construction.
Roof Framing shall be as required by the structural design. No roof loads shall be supported by
internal walls.
All lap joints shall be sealed using an appropriate industrial quality flexible sealant applied in
accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.
The building roof shall have a minimum pitch of 10 degrees unless otherwise recommended by
the manufacturer and approved by the engineer.
The roof shall comprise single full length sheets.
Doors shall be provided with a rain hood deflector to prevent rain water falling over the entrance.
The roof shall be fitted with thermal insulation. Fire retardant insulating materials only shall be
used.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

3.3.6 Landings and Stairs


The landings shall be manufactured to be level with the building internal floor height.

All landings not integrated with the building base frame shall be supplied in pre-fitted kit form for
site assembly.
Stairs and landings shall be constructed from steel sections and shall be Hot Dipped galvanised.
Stairs shall be provided in kit for assembly on site.
All stringers and stairs shall be hot dipped galvanised.
The distance of the floor landing to the equipment door shall be 1200mm wide and handrails shall
be removable.
3.3.7 Separate LV Room
A separate LV room shall be provided for one personnel entry door and shall be sized to allow
ease of ingress and egress while accommodating the following;
 Remote Switching and Indication Panel
 69kV Relay and Control Panel
 Communications Panel
 PCS Panel
 380VAC Distribution Board
 OLTC Panel
 VESDA Panel
 Fire Indication Panel
 Switchroom emergency shutdown break glass

3.3.8 Switchroom Dimensions


A proposed layout drawing showing all of the equipment has been provided.
The locations and dimensions of the equipment may be altered, however, the overall dimensions
of the switchroom cannot be exceeded for in-country transport reasons.
3.3.9 Doors
All doors shall be robust solid core metal clad and fitted with a viewing window. All doors shall be
fitted with industrial quality automatic door closers which shall be designed to seal against internal
pressurisation.
All double doors shall be a minimum height of 2900mm to allow installation of equipment.
Doors shall be fitted with locks, levers and surrounds.
All exit doors shall be provided with panic bars on the inside.
3.3.10 Fasteners
All rivets, screws, nuts, bolts and trims exposed to the atmosphere shall be a minimum 316 grade
Stainless Steel unless otherwise stated.
3.4 Safety and Fire Equipment
Each electrical room shall as a minimum include the following
 Statutory signage as required to AS1319. This shall include danger, voltage level and
restricted access signs
 An electrical switch room description label
 All switch rooms entrances shall be fitted with danger labels reading “DANGER –
AUTHORISED PERSONS ONLY”

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

 Resuscitation signs explaining the treatment in the event of persons suffering electric
shock shall be clearly displayed at each end of the room
 New 9kg CO2 fire extinguishers one located next to each means of egress from the room.
Fire extinguishers are to have appropriate operating instructions displayed on the wall
adjacent each extinguisher. This is in addition to the instruction fitted to the extinguisher
 Illuminated ‘Exit” signs each with battery back shall be installed above each means of
egress.
 Each room shall be fitted with emergency lighting with a minimum of 1 hour battery
capacity
 LV Rescue kits adjacent each door.
 Rubber mats (roll) for placement in front of HV and switchgear.
 Smoke and thermal detectors, internal and external audible and visual alarms and break
glass call points as required.
 Fire Indication Panel
 A VESDA (Laser plus) smoke detection system complete with all necessary equipment.
The VESDA system shall be used for smoke detection in each cable way for the main HV
switchboards. All fire alarm system components shall be connected to the VESDA
system.

3.5 Earthing
The HV electrical room main earth bar shall be minimum 150mm x 6mm thick x 1000mm long
copper on insulated standoffs and is to be located underneath the switchroom.
All cabinets in the electrical room shall be earthed to the electrical room earth bar via minimum
25mm² PVC earth cable.
The base frame shall be fitted with a 12mm Stainless Steel threaded stub on each diagonally
opposite corner of the room. Easily accessible for future earthing purposes.
Doors with external coverings made of sheet steel shall be connected to the door frame via a
flexible earth strap.

3.6 Air-Conditioning Systems - General


Air-conditioning systems shall comply with all relevant Australian Standards and building
regulations and that provide continuous performance in accordance with this specifications.
The Supplier shall be responsible for preparation of all calculations and selection of plant and
designing the plant to suit the installed equipment and heat loadings. The calculations shall be
presented to the Engineer in a neatly presented format for approval prior to commencing supply
and fabrication.
The Supplier shall prepare full construction details and size all plant, fans, registers, grills, filters
and associated equipment.
The switchroom shall be fully insulated to maximize the efficiency of the air-conditioning system.
The overall system shall be design with a level of redundancy such that one unit can be offline
and the electrical room temperature is maintained to no more than 25˚C at maximum and 50%
humidity under the full range of environmental conditions and maximum calculated equipment
heat load, stated in Section 4.5.
The units shall be industrial quality and suitably designed for the environment. Preferred
manufacturers shall be Mitsubishi or Panasonic.
Package spilt-system air-conditioners are preferred if practical and shall be controlled via wall
mounted, hard wired controllers incorporating temperature control and unit operating functions.
Indoor and outdoor units shall be interconnected via hard drawn copper tubing and insulated with
19mm wall thickness Armaflex, or equivalent, pipe insulation.
The supply shall include all electrical cabling, including a local condenser isolator, and all
associated connection hoses and fittings necessary to provide a fully-functional system.
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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

The locations of the air-conditioning units shall be determined by the Supplier.

3.7 Air-Conditioning Systems - Design Parameters


The air-conditioning system shall be selected to provide environmental controls indoors when
operating with the outdoor conditions specified:
Outdoors 45˚C
Indoors 25˚C - 2˚C
All equipment exposed to external conditions shall be designed and constructed to perform in the
following temperature range:
Maximum in direct sunlight (+)60˚C
Maximum shielded from direct sunlight (+)45˚C

3.8 Pressurising Fan


The switchroom shall be provided with a suitable pressurising fan.

3.9 Lighting
Fluorescent light fittings shall be provided in accordance with AS 1680 and provide a minimum
illumination of 250 LUX average. The lights in each room shall be controlled from two-way light
switches mounted adjacent to each door.
Lights shall be direct ceiling mounted as standard. To prevent the ingress of moisture and dust
into the wiring channel of the fittings, all unused entries shall be blanked off with suitable blanking
plates. A minimum of two fixings shall be provided for all light fittings.
Lights shall be positioned to provide maximum light to all internal areas of the electrical room.
Lights shall normally not be mounted immediately above switchgear. Light fittings shall be
separated into two separate circuits in each room.
Emergency light fittings of the maintained emergency type, with battery back-up, shall be provided
to allow safe egress in the event of a power failure. Battery capacity shall provide at least 60
minutes back-up time.
Weatherproof 250W floodlights may be installed onto brackets on the electrical room exterior
walls. The electrical room brackets shall be stainless steel and securely fastened to the electrical
room framework.
Weatherproof 36W twin fluorescent light fittings shall be provided outside the electrical room
above each access door. Outdoor fittings shall be wired to a separate circuit (switched by
photoelectric cell). A photo cell shall be provided with a NO contact wired to an interposing relay
with 4 NO contact wires to terminals.
All light fittings shall be manufactured by Preferred Equipment Suppliers – Eye Lighting, Versulux
or Pierlite

3.10 Power Outlets


Three double Universal GPOs in each room shall be mounted 450mm above floor height. GPO’s
in each room shall be supplied from separate circuits.

3.11 Electrical room Light and Power Distribution Boards


A dedicated light and power distribution board shall be provided for the switchroom where shown
on the drawings. All electrical room lighting, air conditioning and power outlets for the room shall
be fed from it’s the distribution board. The DB shall be complete with emergency lighting test
discharge circuit, as per AS2293.2. The distribution board shall include a main isolating switch of
sufficient rating for the board demand.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II

3.12 Labels
All electrical equipment including GPOs, power outlets, lights, lighting switches and air-
conditioning equipment shall be identified by sub-board number and circuit breaker number.
These numbers will be provided by the Purchaser.

3.13 Phones
One phone line connection socket shall be allowed for the switchroom. The phone socket shall be
an RJ45 type, located near the single door entry.

3.14 Other Inclusions


The Supplier shall provide the following equipment:
 One (1) Large Desk
 One (1) chair
 Wall mounted rack to hang HV PPE
 Wall mounted rack for circuit breaker handles

3.15 Cable Entries


Cable entry into the switch room shall be from the bottom and the contractor will be responsible
for installation of all penetrations for contractor supplied equipment. Penetrations required for
equipment supplied and installed by others will be installed by others.
Floor gland plates shall be 5mm brass and shall be the same size for all electrical enclosures.
3.16 Lighting and Small Power
The contractor shall supply and install a light and small power distribution board and the switch
room internal lighting, external lighting and small power shall be terminated to this distribution
board.
The switch room shall be provided with RCD protected 10A general purpose outlets and
fluorescent light fittings including battery backed emergency light fittings and exit signs as shown
on drawings.

4 DRAWINGS AND DATA


The Seller shall provide drawings and data in accordance with:
 The Scope of Work - Drawing and Data Requirements
 Instructions to Sellers

5 INSPECTION AND TESTING


The Supplier shall provide 2 weeks notice to the Purchaser to permit the Purchaser to witness
tests.
The Supplier shall furnish certified test reports of all tests.
The Purchaser shall be allowed to witness all testing and to perform a detailed inspection prior to
shipment.
As a minimum, the Supplier shall complete the following general tests.
 All cabling and wiring installed by the Supplier shall be ‘belled out’ to verify he correct
identification and connection of individual cores.

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WORK PACKAGE D0268
OHPL Supply of HV Switchgear and Switchroom
Technical Specifications SECTION II
 Immediately prior to final closing of the covers of equipment e.g. circuit breakers, control
panels etc. the Supplier shall make a final check to ensure that all bolts, nuts, screws,
fuse holders, etc. are secure and that all internal metal and insulating parts are clean and
free from debris.

6 SHIPPING, HANDLING AND STORAGE


Equipment (i.e. a/c unit condensers - vent ducts and the like) mounted to or part of the exterior but
within the volumetric shipping requirement shall be suitably restrained and protected from damage
and weatherproofed (or otherwise shipped separately).
All equipment internal to the electrical room shall be suitably braced and protected from damage.

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