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ACI 318/350 P-M Interaction Diagram

US Customary Units

Uniform Tension

Job Name Subject ###

Job # Orig Chk: ###

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Purpose: ###

This calculation evaluates concrete members carrying both flexure and axial load using thrust-moment, ###

or P-M, interaction diagrams generated per ACI 318 and ACI 350. Standard axial/flexural provisions, Ch 10, ###

are considered. ACI 350 durability factor is used to factor down the flexural and axial capacities instead ###

of factoring up the factored loads. The end result is an "inner curve" that governs for ACI 350 capacity in the ###
tension-controlled and transition zones. ###

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Assumptions/Limitations: ###

- Only one layer of steel each for top face reinforcing and bottom face reinforcing can be input. ###

- Ties are provided for confinement (not spirals) ###

Validation: ###
-XLC formulae and peer review provide verification of intended functionality. ###

-Cross-check against software solution (SP Column) ###

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References: ###

-ACI 318-11 ###

-ACI 350-06 ###

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Figure: ###

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εc
d' C1 ###
εs' C2 ###
h/2 As'
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d Mn ###
h
Pn ###

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As ###
εs T ###

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ε Forces ###

b ###
Section and Material Properties: ###

Bottom Face Reinforcing Area As = 1 in² ###

Top Face Reinforcing Area A's = 1 in² ###

Section Width b= 24 in ###


Section Depth h= 24 in ###

Effective Depth to bottom reinf d= 21 in ###


Effective Depth to top reinf d'= 3 in ###

Reinforcing Yield Strength fy = 60 ksi ###

Reinforcing Young's Modulus Es = 29,000 ksi ###

Concrete Compressive Strength f'c = 5 ksi ###


f'c = 5,000 psi ###

Concrete Young's Modulus Ec = 4,030,509 psi #NAME? ###


Ec = 4,031 ksi ###
β1 = 0.8 ###

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Durability Parameters (ACI 350 only): ###

Allowable Steel Stress fs = 24,000 psi ###


fs = 24 ksi ###

Ratio of factored to services loads γ= 1.60 ###

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Factored Loads: ###

Factored Loads ###

P (kips) M (kip-ft) P (kips) M (kip-ft) ###

138 62 ###

122 53 ###

262 52 ###

259 61 ###

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P-M Interaction Diagram: ###


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2,000.0
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1,500.0 ###

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1,000.0
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1; 569
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500.0 ###
1; 569

500.0

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-
(600.0) (400.0) (200.0) 1; -108
- 200.0 400.0 600.0 ###

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(500.0)
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Key Points: ###


Uniform Tension: ###

Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.003 ###

Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = 1000.000 ###

Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = -142.855 #NAME? ###

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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = 60.0 ksi εs > fy/Es ###

Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = -60.0 ksi #NAME? ###

Resistance Factor φ= 0.90 εs>0.005 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 0.000 in #NAME? ###

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 0.000 in #NAME? ###

Tension Reinforcing Force T= 60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Concrete Compression Force C1 = 0.0 kips #NAME? ###


Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = -60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = -120.0 kips #NAME? ###


Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = 0.1 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = 0.0 kip*ft ###
Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= -108.0 kips #NAME? ###

Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= 0.0 kip*ft #NAME? ###

Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.41 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) -76.8 #NAME? ###


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Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) 0.0 #NAME? ###

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Tension-Controlled Limit: ###


Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.0030 ###

Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = 0.0050 ###

Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = 0.0019 #NAME? ###

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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = 60.0 ksi εs > fy/Es ###

Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = 53.9 ksi #NAME? ###


Resistance Factor φ= 0.90 εs>0.005 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 7.875 in #NAME? ###

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 6.300 in #NAME? ###

Tension Reinforcing Force T= 60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Concrete Compression Force C1 = 638.4 kips #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = 53.9 kips #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = 632.2 kips #NAME? ###


Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = 6674.1 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = 556.2 kip*ft ###

Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= 569.0 kips #NAME? ###


Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= 500.6 kip*ft #NAME? ###

Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.41 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) 404.6 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) 356.0 #NAME? ###

Balance Point: ###

Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.0030 ###

Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = 0.0021 #NAME? ###

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Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = 0.0023 #NAME? ###

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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = 60.0 ksi εs > fy/Es ###


Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = 60.0 ksi #NAME? ###

Resistance Factor φ= 0.66 .005 > εs >= 0.002 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 12.429 in #NAME? ###

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 9.943 in #NAME? ###

Tension Reinforcing Force T= 60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Concrete Compression Force C1 = 1009.9 kips #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = 60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = 1009.9 kips #NAME? ###


Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = 8178.3 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = 681.5 kip*ft ###

Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= 662.3 kips #NAME? ###

Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= 446.9 kip*ft #NAME? ###


Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.02 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) 646.3 #NAME? ###

Transition Zone
Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) 436.2 #NAME? ###

Compression-Controlled Limit: ###


Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.0030 ###

Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = 0.0020 ###

Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = 0.0023 #NAME? ###

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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = 60.0 ksi εs > fy/Es ###

Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = 60.0 ksi #NAME? ###

Resistance Factor φ= 0.65 εs <= 0.002 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 12.600 in #NAME? ###

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 10.080 in #NAME? ###

Tension Reinforcing Force T= 60.0 kips #NAME? ###


Concrete Compression Force C1 = 1023.9 kips #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = 60.0 kips #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = 1023.9 kips #NAME? ###


Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = 8206.4 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = 683.9 kip*ft ###

Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= 665.5 kips #NAME? ###

Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= 444.5 kip*ft #NAME? ###

Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.02 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) 655.3 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) 437.7 #NAME? ###

Compression-Controlled Limit - Positive Bending: ###


Gross Cross Sectional Area Ag = 576.00 in2 #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = 2047.6 kips #NAME? ###

Resistance Factor φ= 0.65 εs <= 0.002 ###

Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.0030 ###


Solve force equilibrium for comp. zone dept A= 81.600 ###

(Quadratic Equation) B= -1900.600 ###

C= -2007.000 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 24.304 in #NAME? ###

Assumption OK - Comp Steel Yields ###


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Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = -0.00041 ###

Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = 0.0026 #NAME? ###

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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = -11.8 ksi #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = 60.0 ksi #NAME? Balance Point

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 19.443 in #NAME? ###


Tension Reinforcing Force T= -11.8 kips #NAME? ###

Concrete Compression Force C1 = 1978.9 kips #NAME? ###


Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = 60.0 kips #NAME? ###
Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = 4935.4 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = 411.3 kip*ft ###

Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= 1330.9 kips #NAME? ###

Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= 267.3 kip*ft #NAME? ###

Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.00 Compression Controlled Section ###

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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) 1330.9 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) 267.3 #NAME? ###

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Compression-Controlled Limit - Negative Bending: ###

Gross Cross Sectional Area Ag = 576.00 in2 #NAME? ###

Nominal Axial Capacity Pn = 2047.6 kips #NAME? ###

Resistance Factor φ= 0.65 εs <= 0.002 ###

Extreme Concrete Compression Strain εc = 0.0030 ###

Solve force equilibrium for comp. zone dept A= 81.600 ###

(Quadratic Equation) B= -1900.600 ###

C= -2007.000 ###

Depth of Compression Zone c= 24.304 in #NAME? ###

Assumption OK - Comp Steel Yields ###

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Tension Reinforcing Strain εs = -0.00041 ###

Compression Reinforcing Strain εs' = 0.0026 #NAME? ###


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Tension Reinforcing Stress fs = -11.8 ksi #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Stress fs' = 60.0 ksi #NAME? ###

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Depth of Compression Stress Block β1c= 19.443 in #NAME? ###

Tension Reinforcing Force T= -11.8 kips #NAME? Comp. Controlle

Concrete Compression Force C1 = 1978.9 kips #NAME? ###

Compression Reinforcing Force C2 = 60.0 kips #NAME? ###


Nominal Moment Capacity (Σ about C1) Mn = -4935.4 kip*in #NAME? ###
Mn = -411.3 kip*ft ###

Ultimate Axial Capacity φPn= 1330.9 kips #NAME? ###

Ultimate Moment Capacity φMn= -267.3 kip*ft #NAME? ###

Durability Factor (ACI 350 only) Sd = 1.00 Compression Controlled Section ###
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Ultimate Axial Capacity (ACI 350 only) 1330.9 #NAME? ###

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Ultimate Moment Capacity (ACI 350 only) -267.3 #NAME? ###


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