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# 4/13/2018 Principles of Signals and Systems - - Unit 14 - Week-12 : Group/Phase Delay and Digital Filters

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Unit 14 -
Week-12 : Group/Phase Delay and Digital Filters

Course
outline Assignment-12
Due date for this assignment: 2018-04-18, 23:55 IST.
How to access π
1) Consider x(n) = cos( ,
n) 0 ≤ n ≤ 3 . Its DFT is 1 point
the portal? 2

0,-1,0,1
Week0
0,2,0,2
Week 1- 4,-2,2,-4
Introduction to 1,2,-2,-1
Signals and
Systems, 2) Consider x(n) = cos(
π
n), h(n) = (
1 n
) ,0 ≤ n ≤ 3 . Their Circular 1 point
Signal 2 2

## Classification convolution is given as

Week-2 1 1 1 1
, ,− ,−
Properties of 4 8 4 8

LTI Systems
1 1 1 1
− , ,− ,
Week-3 2 4 4 2

Examples on
Properties of 3
,
3
,−
3
,−
3

4 8 4 8
Linear
Systems
1 3 3 1
,− , ,−
4 4 4 4

Week-4
Laplace 3) If x(n),0 ≤ n ≤ 3 has DFT coefficients X(k),0 ≤ k ≤ 3 then, x∗ (n) has DFT 1 point
Transform, coefficients
Properties of
Laplace
Transform, ∗ ∗
X (0), X (3), X (2), X (1)
∗ ∗

Inverse
Laplace ∗ ∗ ∗ ∗
X (3), X (2), X (1), X (0)
Transform

∗ ∗ ∗ ∗
Week-5 X (0), X (1), X (2), X (3)

Introduction to
z-Transform,
X(3), X(2), X(1), X(0)
Properties of z-
Transform, 4) If x(n) has DFT X(k), then Duality property states that 1 point
Region of
Convergence,
X(n) has DFT x(k)
Inverse z-
Transform X(n) has DFT x(-k)

1
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4/13/2018 Principles of Signals and Systems - - Unit 14 - Week-12 : Group/Phase Delay and Digital Filters
1
X(n) has DFT x(−k)
Week-6 N

## Examples Z- X(n) has DFT Nx(-k)

Transform
5) The 3 x 3 DFT matrix is 1 point
Week-7 :
Introduction to
Fourier ⎡
1 1 1

Transform, ⎢ 1 −
1
−i
√3

1
+i
√3

Properties of ⎢

2 2 2 2 ⎥

Fourier ⎣
1 −
1
+i
√3

1
−i
√3

Transform, 2 2 2 2

Frequency
Response of 1 1 1
⎡ ⎤
Continuous 1 √3 1 √3
⎢ 1 ⎥
Time Systems ⎢ 2
+i
2 2
+i
2 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
√3 √3
⎣ 1 1 ⎦
1 −i − −i
Week-8 2 2 2 2

Examples of
Fourier ⎡
1 1 1

Transform and 1 √3 √3 1
⎢ 1 − +i +i ⎥
Frequency ⎢

2 2 2 2 ⎥

Response ⎣
√3 1 1 √3

1 −i +i
2 2 2 2

Week 9-
Examples of ⎡
1 1 1

Fourier √3 1 1 √3
⎢ 1 −i − −i ⎥
Transform, ⎢

2 2 2 2 ⎥

Sampling and ⎣ 1 √3 √3 1 ⎦
1 − −i − −i
Fourier 2 2 2 2

Analysis of
6) The first five points of 8 points DFT of of a real valued sequence are 5,1-3j,0,3-4j,0. 1 point
Discrete time
Signals Last three points of the DFT corresponding to k are

Week-10
5 , 3-4j , 0
Discrete Time 5 , 3+4j , 0
Fourier 3+4j , 0 , 1+3j
Transform[DTFT]
and Discrete 3-4j , 0 , 1-3j
Fourier
Transform 7) The Discrete Fourier Transform(DFT) of the 4-point sequence x(n)=3,2,3,4 is 1 point
[DFT] X(k)=12,2j,0,-2j. If X 1 (k) is the DFT of the 12-point sequence x1 (n) =3,0,0,2,0,0,3,0,0,4,0,0.
X 1 (8)
The value of | |
X 1 (11)
Week-11
Examples on
2
DTFT and DFT
4
Week-12 : 6
Group/Phase 8
Delay and
Digital Filters 8) Consider the signal 1 point
x(n) = 6δ(n + 2) + 3δ(n + 1) + 8δ(n) + 7δ(n − 1) + 4δ(n − 2) . If X(ejw ) is Discrete-
Lecture-69-
Principles of
time fourier transform of x(n),then
1 π
Signals and π

−π
X(e
jw 2
)sin (2w)dw
Systems |
Group/ Phase 2
Delay – Part I
4
| IIT KANPUR
6
Lecture-70-
8
Principles of
Signals and
9) Consider two real sequences with time-origin marked by the bold value, 1 point
Systems |
x 1 (n) = {1, 2, 3, 0}, x 2 (n) = {1, 3, 2, 1}.Let X 1 (k) and X 2 (k) are 4- point DFT of
Group/ Phase
Delay – Part x 1 (n) and x 2 (n) respectively. Another sequence x 3 (n) is derived by making 4-point inverse

## II | IIT DFT of X 3 (k) = X 1 (k)X 2 (k) . The Value of x3  is

KANPUR

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4/13/2018 Principles of Signals and Systems - - Unit 14 - Week-12 : Group/Phase Delay and Digital Filters

Lecture-71- 9
Principles of 11
Signals and
Systems | IIR 13
Filter 15
Structures:
DF–I, DF–II | 10){x(n)} is a real-valued periodic sequence with a period N. x(n) and 1 point
IIT KANPUR X(k) form N-point Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) pairs. The DFT Y(k) of the sequence
r=N −1
Lecture-72- y(n) = ∑
r=0
x(r)x(n + r) is
Principles of
Signals and
Systems | IIR |X(k)|
2

Filter
Structures:
1 r=N −1
Transpose ∑
r=0

X(r)X (k + r)
N
Form | IIT
KANPUR
r=N −1
∑ X(r)X(k + r)
r=0
Lecture-73-
Principles of 0
Signals and
You may submit any number of times before the due date. The final submission will be
Systems | IIR
Filter considered for grading.
Example | IIT
KANPUR

Lecture-74-
Principles of
Signals and Previous Page End
Systems | IIR
Filter
Structures:
Form | IIT
KANPUR

Lecture-75-
Principles of
Signals and
Systems | IIR
Filter: Parallel
Form – I & II |
IIT KANPUR

Quiz :
Assignment-
12

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4/13/2018 Principles of Signals and Systems - - Unit 14 - Week-12 : Group/Phase Delay and Digital Filters

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