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Chapter 1 Chemistry Homework

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1. Arrange aluminum, nitrogen, phosphorus and In < Al < P 12. Order the following by decreasing bond C≡C, C = C, C -
indium in order of increasing electronegativity <N strength: C≡C, C = C, C - C C
2. Atoms with greatly different electronegativity ionic 13. Predict the product formed when Ca3As2
values are expected to form bonds calcium, Ca, combines with arsenic, As?
3. Based on electronegativity trends in the SrF2 14. Use the information (kJ/mol) below to -757.5
periodic table, predict which of the following calculate the ΔHolattice of RbX(s).
compounds will have the greatest % ionic Rb(s) => Rb(g) ΔHo= 86
character in its bonds. X2(g) => 2X(g) ΔHo = 185
Rb(g) => Rb+(g) + e- ΔHo= +402
4. Calculate the lattice energy (kJ/mol) of the -465.1
X(g) + e- => X-(g) ΔHo = -270
hypothetical ionic compound MX from the
Rb(s) + 1/2X2(g) => RbX(s) ΔHof = -447
information given below.
IE1(M) = 471 kJ/mol 15. What is the name of P4Se3? tetraphosphorus
M(s) => M(g) ΔHo = 63.4 kJ/mol triselenide
ΔHof(MX) = -174.7 kJ/mol
16. What is the name of the acid formed hydrobromic
X2(g) => 2X(g) ΔH = 158 kJ
when HBr gas is dissolved in water? acid
EA (X) = -323 kJ/mol
IE1 (X) = 271 kJ/mol 17. Which of the following bonds has the C-H
Enter your answer in decimal format with one lowest percent ionic character?
decimal place and no units. 18. Which of the following bonds is weakest? P-I
5. Calculate the lattice energy of magnesium -3406 19. Which of the following contains ionic SrCl2
sulfide from the data given below. kJ/mol bonding?
Mg(s) → Mg(g) ∆H° = 148 kJ/mol
20. Which of the following covalent bonds C-O
Mg(g) → Mg2+(g) + 2e¯ ∆H° = 2186 kJ/mol
has the highest percent ionic character?
S8(s) → 8S(g) ∆H° = 2232 kJ/mol
S(g) + 2e¯ → S2¯(g) ∆H° = 450 kJ/mol 21. Which of the following elements is the Cl
8Mg(s) + S8(s) → 8MgS(s) ∆H° = -2744 kJ/mol most electronegative?
22. Which of the following has an incorrect Mg2-
Mg2+(g) + S2¯(g) → MgS(s) ∆H°lattice = ? charge for the ion shown?
6. Choose the most polar bond among these: S-F 23. Which of the following has the smallest K+
S-F, S-P, S-O, S-Se, Cl-F radius?
7. The correct name of the compound N2O4 is dinitrogen 24. Which of the following has the smallest Ca2+
tetraoxide radius?
8. In each group, pick the compound with the most i) SiCl4 ii) 25. Which of the following pairs of elements F and Ca
polar bonds. HCl iii) HF would be most likely to form an ionic
i) SiCl4, SCl2, PCl3 compound?
ii) HCl, HBr, HI
iii) CH4, HF, H2O 26. Which of the following sets has the LiI, NaI, KI, RbI
compounds in order of decreasingly
9. In the Lewis structure for elemental nitrogen a triple exothermic lattice energy?
there is (are) bond
10. The lattice energy of CaF2 is the energy change None of
for which one, if any, of the following these
processes? choices is
11. The lattice energy of MgCl2 is the energy Mg2+(g) +
change for which one of the following 2Cl¯(g) →
processes? MgCl2(s)