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Berat Molekul Atom

Komponen Nama Ar Satuan


C6H5CH3 Toluena 92.14 Kg/Kmol
C6H3(CH3)3 TMB 120.19 Kg/Kmol
C6H4(CH3)2 Xylene 106.16 Kg/Kmol
C6H6 Benzena 78.11 Kg/Kmol
H2 Hidrogen 2.0158 Kg/Kmol
CH4 Metana 16.04 Kg/Kmol

Komponen Nama Mr Satuan


(NH2)2CO UREA 60.05 Kg/Kmol 60.0556 H 1.0079
NH3 AMONIAK 17.03 Kg/Kmol 17.0307 O 15.999
C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12 Kg/Kmol 126.1224 N 14.007
CO2 KARBONDIOKSI 44.01 Kg/Kmol 44.009 C 12.011
C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08 Kg/Kmol 103.0805
C6N11H9 MELAM 235.21 Kg/Kmol 235.2141
komposisi feed
urea =
biuret =
Pra Rancangan Pabrik Pembuatan Melamin dengan Proses Tekanan Tinggi Kapasitas Produksi 18000 Ton/tahun

Kapasitas Produksi Per Tahun = 18000 Ton/Thn


Operasi = 300 Hari/Thn
Basis Produksi = 1 Jam Operasi

Kapasitas Produksi Ton Per Tahun = 18000 Ton/Thn

Kapasitas Produksi Kg Per Jam = 18000 ton


Tahun

= 2500.0000 Kg/Jam
Jumlah Produk Melamin = 2500.0000 Kg/Jam
Kapasitas Produksi Kmol Per Jam = 19.8224 Kmol/Jam

Kemurnian Produk = 99.90% =


Impuritis Pada Produk = 0.1% =

Konversi Reaksi I = 55%


Konversi Reaksi II = 80%

Menghitung Aliran Feed Sebenarnya

Berat Molekul
Komponen Nama Mr Satuan
CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05 Kg/Kmol
NH3 AMONIAK 17.03 Kg/Kmol
C3H6N6 MELAMIN 126.12 Kg/Kmol
CO2 KARBONDIOKSI 44.01 Kg/Kmol
C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08 Kg/Kmol
C6N11H9 MELAM 235.21 Kg/Kmol
C3H5N5O AMMELINE 127.1 Kg/Kmol
Perbandingan volume feed masuk reaktor

Urea Amonia
2.6818412193 1

FEED : 119.4400 kmol 70.1962 kmol

Urea Amonia

Mol (Kmol): 119.4400 Mol (Kmol): 70.1962


Massa (kg) : 7172.3718 Massa (kg) : 1195.4421

REAKTOR 1
Konversi Reaksi I = 90% = 0.9
Konversi Reaksi II = 100% = 1
Konversi Reaksi III = 5% = 0.05
Konversi Reaksi IV =
REAKTOR 2
Konversi Reaksi I = 50% = 0.5
Konversi Reaksi II = 50% = 0.5
Kandungan Tiap Komponen
Kandungan urea
Urea = 99.4% = 0.994
Biuret = 0.5% = 0.005
Air = 0.1% = 0.001

Kandungan Ammonia
Ammonia = 99.50% = 0.995
Air = 0.50% = 0.005

Kandungan Melamin
Melamin = 100.00% = 1

FEED MASUK REAKTOR


Aliran Feed Tiap Komponen Aliran 4
Feed Masuk
Komponen Aliran Feed Massa (kg)
Kandungan urea Urea 7129.3375
Urea 118.7234 Ammonia -
Biuret 0.5972 Biuret 61.5594
Air 0.1194 Melamin 200.0000
Kandungan Ammonia Air 8.4676
Ammonia 69.8453 Jumlah 7399.3645
Air 0.3510 8588.8294
Kandungan Melamin
Melamin 1.5858
00 Ton/tahun

Operasi

1000 Kg 1 Tahun 1 hari


1 ton 300 hari 24 Jam

2497.5000 Kmol/Jam 500


2.5000 Kmol/Jam

Melamin

1.5857913099 kmol

Melamin

Mol (Kmol): 1.5858


Massa (kg) : 200.0000
Aliran 4 Aliran 8
Mol Massa (kg) Mol
118.7234 - -
- 1189.4649 69.8453
0.5972 - -
1.5858 - -
0.4704
121.3768 1189.46488881 69.8453
191.2220
Mixing Point - 02 (MT-02)

Fungsi :

NERACA MASSA DI MIXING TANK - 02 (MP-02)


Input Output
Komponen Aliran 13 Aliran 15 Aliran 18
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 185.92559994 3166.31296706 73.3491719251 1249.1363979 259.27477187 4415.44936494
C3H6N6 1.5857913099 200.0000 1.5858 200.0000
CO2 58.2504118801 2563.6006 1.7085 75.1896 59.9589 2638.7902
245.7618 5929.9136 75.0576 1324.3260 320.8194 7254.2396
Total
7254.2396 7254.2396
SCRUBBER 01 (SC-01)

Fungsi : Men-scrub melamin yang terbawa off-gas

2 13
SCRUBBER 01

NERACA MASSA SC-01


Input Outp
Senyawa Aliran 4 Aliran 18 Aliran 5
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
CO(NH2)2 118.7234 7129.3375 - - 118.7234
NH3 - - 259.2748 4415.4494 -
C3H6N6 - - 1.5858 200.0000 1.5858
CO2 - - 59.9589 2638.7902 -
C2H5N3O2 0.5972 61.5594 - - 0.5972
C6N11H9 - - - - -
H20 0.1194 2.1499 - - 0.1194
119.4400 7193.0468 320.8194 7254.2396 121.0258
Total
14447.2864 14447.

0.0000
Output
Aliran 5 Aliran 6
Kg Kmol Kg Komponen Nama
7129.3375 - - CO(NH2)2 UREA
- 259.2748 4415.4494 NH3 AMONIAK
200.0000 - - C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN
- 59.9589 2638.7902 CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA
61.5594 - - C2H5N3O2 BIURET
- - - C6N11H9 MELAM
2.1499 - -
7393.0468 319.2336 7054.2396
14447.2864
Mr Satuan
60.05 Kg/Kmol
17.03 Kg/Kmol
126.12 Kg/Kmol
44.01 Kg/Kmol
103.08 Kg/Kmol
0 Kg/Kmol
REAKTOR 01 (R-01)

Fungsi :

11

Reaksi I 98%
6 CO(NH2)2 C3N6H6 +
M 118.7234 1.5858
B 116.5125 19.4187
S 2.2109 21.0045

Reaksi II 100.00%
3 C2H5N3O2 C3N6H6 +
M 0.5972 21.0045
B 0.5972 0.1991
S 0.0000 21.2036

Reaksi III 4%
2 C3N6H6 C6N11H9 +
M 21.2036
B 0.7841 0.3921
S 20.4195 0.3921

Reaksi IV 100%
C3H6N6 + H2O C3H5N5O
M 20.4195 0.4704
B 0.4704 0.4704 0.4704
S 19.9491 0.0000 0.4704

NERACA MASSA R-01


Input Outp
Senyawa Aliran 5 Aliran 11 Aliran 13
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
CO(NH2)2 118.7234 7129.3375 - - -
NH3 - - 69.8453 1189.4649 185.9256
C3H6N6 1.5858 200.0000 - - 1.5858
CO2 - - - - 58.2504
C2H5N3O2 0.5972 61.5594 - - -
C3H5N5O - - - -
C6N11H9 - - - - -
H20 0.1194 2.1499 0.3510 6.3177
121.0258 7393.0468 70.1962 1195.7826 245.7618
Total
11756.1733 8589.4

-3166.7567
99.9
6 NH3 + 3 CO2
69.8453
116.5125 58.2562
186.3577 58.2562

3 CO2 + 3 NH3 1.02%


58.2562 186.3577 0,8 % CO2 larut dalam melamin melt
0.5972 0.5972 output aliran 11 = 0.6030
58.8534 186.9549 output aliran 9 = 58.2504

NH3
186.9549
0.3921
187.3470

+ NH3 1.01%
187.3470 1,3 % NH3 larut dalam melamin melt
0.4704 output aliran 11 = 1.8918
187.8174 output aliran 9 = 185.9256

Output Komponen Nama


Aliran 13 Aliran 12 CO(NH2)2 UREA
Kg Kmol Kg NH3 AMONIAK
- 2.2109 132.7648 5.0 C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN
3166.3130 1.8918 32.2172 1.2 CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA
200.0000 18.3633 2315.9773 87.1 C2H5N3O2 BIURET
2563.6006 0.6030 26.5386 1.0 C3H5N5O AMMELINE
- - -
0.4704 59.7905 2.2 2.7518153621
- 0.3921 92.2146 3.5
- -
5929.9136 23.9315 2659.5030 100.0 1.2113994231
8589.4166
1.02%
0,8 % CO2 larut dalam melamin melt
output aliran 11 = 0.6030
output aliran 9 = 58.2504

1.01%
1,3 % NH3 larut dalam melamin melt
output aliran 11 = 1.8918
output aliran 9 = 185.9256
REAKTOR 02 (R-02)

Fungsi :

12

11

14

10
Reaksi I
75%
C6N11H9 + NH3 2 C3N6H6
M 0.3921 71.737057744 18.3633
B 0.2924 0.2924 0.5848
S 0.0996 71.4446 18.9481

Reaksi II
65%
C3H5N5O + NH3 C3N6H6
M 0.4704 71.4446 18.9481
B 0.3064 0.3064 0.3064
S 0.1641 71.1383 19.2545

Reaksi III 100%


6 CO(NH2)2 C3N6H6 +
M 2.2109 19.2545
B 2.2109 0.3685
S 0.0000 19.6230

NERACA MASSA R-02


Input Ou
Senyawa Aliran 12 Aliran 14 Aliran 15
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
CO(NH2)2 2.2109 132.7648 - - -
NH3 1.8918 32.2172 69.8453 1189.4649 73.3492
C3H6N6 18.3633 2315.9773 - -
CO2 0.6030 26.5386 - - 1.7085
C3H5N5O 0.4704 59.7905 - -
C6N11H9 0.3921 92.2146 - - -
H2O - - 0.3510 6.3177
23.9315 2659.5030 70.1962 1195.7826 75.0576
Total
5020.8214 3855

-1165.5278
+ H2O
0.3510
0.3064
0.6573491918

6 NH3 + 3 CO2
71.1383 0.6030
2.2109 1.1055
73.3492 1.7085

3575.379614
2439.1188 35.73148567

Output 1.95
Aliran 15 Aliran 16 0.55
Kg Kmol Kg
- - -
1249.1364 0.0000 0.0000 0.0
19.6230 2474.8503 97.8
75.1896 - -
0.1641 20.8512 0.8
- 0.0996 23.4339 0.9
0.6573 11.8323 0.5 Komponen Nama
1324.3260 20.5440 2530.9676 CO(NH2)2 UREA
3855.2936 100.0 NH3 AMONIAK
C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN
CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA
2.370635E-06 C2H5N3O2 BIURET
C3H5N5O AMMELINE
Mixing Point - 02 (MT-02)

Fungsi : untuk mencampurkan feed aliran 44 dan aliran 43

AMMONIA = 305.5945 kg 17.9444773928 3.503702558

Kemurnian Ammonia : make up ammonia :


Ammonia : 304.0665 kg 17.8548 Ammonia : 0.0360
Impuritis (air) : 1.5280 kg 0.0849 impuritis : 0.0001713538

NERACA MASSA DI MIXING TANK - 02 (MP-02)


Input Output
Komponen Aliran 44 Aliran 19 Aliran 46
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 0.0360 0.6138 3.4677 59.0543 3.5037 59.6681
H2O 0.0002 0.0031 0.0350 0.6305 0.0352 0.6336
0.0362 0.6169 3.5027 59.6847 3.5389 60.3016
Total
60.3016 60.3016
0.6168738184
kmol = 0.6137894493 kg
kmol = 0.0030843691 kg
Mixing Point - 02 (MT-02)

Fungsi : untuk mencampurkan feed aliran 34 dan aliran 47

NERACA MASSA DI MIXING TANK - 03 (MP-03)


Input Output
Komponen Aliran 34 Aliran 47 Aliran 41
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 14.2041 241.8958 0.1470 2.5026 14.3511 244.3984
C3H6N6 0.1621 20.4383 0.0405 5.1096 0.2026 25.5479
C3H5N5O 0.7149 90.8625 0.0000 0.0000 0.7149 90.8625
H2O 116.3898 2095.0171 28.9907 521.8320 145.3805 2616.8491
Total 131.4709 2448.2137 29.1781 529.4442 160.6490 2977.6579
2977.6579 2977.6579
QUENCHER 01 (QR-01)

Fungsi :

12

9
QUENCHER 01 10
30

11

Reaksi I
100%
C6N11H9 + NH3 2 C3N6H6
M 0.0996 17.854755006 19.8255
B 0.0996 0.0996 0.1993
S 0.0000 17.7551 20.0248

Massa Melamin melt masuk = 2530.967597275 kg


Asumsi Massa ammonia solution = 3055.9445 kg 90%
MOL AMMONIA SOLUTION
AMMONIA = 305.5945 kg 17.9444773928
WATER = 2750.3501 kg 152.797225

Suplai Gas amonia 304.0665 kg : 17.8547550059 kmol


1.5280 kg : 0.0848873472 kmol

NERACA MASSA QR-01


Input
Senyawa Aliran 20 Aliran 46 Aliran 42
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
NH3 0.0000 0.0000 3.5037 59.6681 14.3511
C3H6N6 19.6230 2474.8503 - - 0.2026
C3H5N5O 0.1641 20.8512 - - 0.7296
C6N11H9 0.0996 23.4339 - - -
H2O 0.6573 11.8323 0.0352 0.6336 145.3805
20.5440 2530.9676 3.5389 60.3016 160.6637
Total
5691.8266

0.0000

cara mencari recycle ammeline


in : a x
out : b
0.820266409
bx20%=x 0.6562
b=a+x
a= 0.1641 0.820266409
x= 0.6562131272
1043.2833

25.13055681

0.2024632153

3227.190402

Output
Aliran 42 Aliran 22 Aliran 21
Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
244.3984 0.0000 0.0000 17.7551 302.3698 5.31
25.5479 - - 20.0248 2525.5287 44.37
92.7269 - - 0.8936 113.5781 2.00
- - 0.0000 0.0000 0.00
2616.8491 6.7242 121.0351 152.7972 2750.3501 48.32
2979.5224 6.7242 121.0351 191.4708 5691.8266
5691.8266

3166.2979
2533.0383
25.5346607162
Komponen Nama Mr Satuan
CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05 Kg/Kmol
NH3 AMONIAK 17.03 Kg/Kmol
% C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12 Kg/Kmol
% CO2 KARBONDIO 44.01 Kg/Kmol
% C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08 Kg/Kmol
% C6N11H9 MELAM 0 Kg/Kmol
%
CRYSTALIZER 01 (CR-01)

Fungsi :

13
CRISTALIZER

14

Berdasarkan patent US2004/0162429 mother liquor mengandung 0.8%wt melamin, sehingga :


Massa total : 5691.826642 kg
massa c3h6n6 kristal (trial and error) : 28.6996112945 3619.5949764588 kg

X
100% = 0.80%
36166.6594 - Y
100 X = 4553.461313791 - 0.8 Y
100 X - 0.8 Y = 4553.461313791
X + Y = 2525.5287
100X
= 0.8
5691.8266 "-" y
100.0000 x = 4553.46 - 0.800
100.0000 x + 0.800 y = 4553.46

100.0000 x 0.800 y = 4553.46


100 x + 100 y = 252552.87134
-99.2 y = -247999.41
y = 2499.9940527
x = 25.5347

Massa melamin yang tidak terkristal (X) = 25.5347 kg = 0.202463215


Massa melamin yang terkristal (Y) = 2499.994052712 kg = 19.82234422

NERACA MASSA CR-01


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 24 Aliran 25
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 17.7551 302.3698 17.7551 302.3698
C3H6N6 20.0248 2525.5287 0.2025 25.5347
C3H6N6 (KRISTAL) - - 19.8223 2499.9941
C3H5N5O 0.8936 113.5781 0.8936 113.5781
H2O 152.7972 2750.3501 152.7972 2750.3501
191.4708 5691.8266 191.4708 5691.8266
Total
5691.8266 5691.8266
y

kmol
kmol

Komponen Nama Mr Satuan


CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05 Kg/Kmol
NH3 AMONIAK 17.03 Kg/Kmol
5.3123505964 C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12 Kg/Kmol
0.4486197898 CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA 44.01 Kg/Kmol
43.9225262794 C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08 Kg/Kmol
1.9954594434 C6N11H9 MELAM 0 Kg/Kmol
48.3210438911
100
CENTRIFUGE 01 (CF-01)

Fungsi : Memisahkan kristal melamin dari mother liquor

15 16
CENTRIFUGE 01

17

Kandungan diinginkan hanya tersisa 5% saja air pada kristal melamin (desain alat, 95%)

Kandungan air pada kristal melamin = 5% = 0.05


Xair = 0.05
Xkristal = 0.95
Xair = massa air massa air = 0.05 (massa air + massa krista
massa air + massa kristal massa air = 0.05 massa air + (0.05 x 3611.1
massa air = 131.5786344

NERACA MASSA CF-01


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 26 Aliran 27 Aliran 28
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
NH3 17.7551 302.3698 17.7551 302.3698 -
C3H6N6 0.2026 25.5479 0.2026 25.5479 -
C3H6N6 (KRISTAL) 19.8223 2499.9941 - - 19.8223
C3H5N5O 0.8936 113.5781 0.8936 113.5781 -
H2O 152.7972 2750.3501 145.4873 2618.7714 7.3099
191.4709 5691.8399 164.3386 3060.2672 27.1323
Total
5691.8399 5691.8399

0.0000
0
0

05 (massa air + massa kristal)


05 massa air + (0.05 x 3611.1111) 124.9997026356
kg = 7.309924131 kmol

Komponen Nama Mr
Aliran 28 CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05
Kg NH3 AMONIAK 17.03
- C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12
- CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA 44.01
2499.9941 95 % C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08
- C6N11H9 MELAM 0
131.5786 5%
2631.5727
0.8348252315
Satuan
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
ROTARY DRYER 01 (RD-01)

Fungsi : Untuk mengeringkan kristal melamin

19

16 18
ROTARY DRYER 01

Kandungan diinginkan hanya tersisa 0.1% air pada kristal melamin

Kandungan air pada kristal melamin = 0.1% = 0.001


Xair = 0.001
Xkristal = 0.999
Xair = massa air massa air = 0.001 (massa air + massa krist
massa air + massa kristal massa air = 0.001 massa air + (0.001 x 361
massa air = 2.634345682

NERACA MASSA RD-01


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 16 Aliran 19 Aliran 18
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
C3H6N6 (KRISTAL) 19.8223 2499.9941 - - 19.8223
H2O 7.3099 131.5786 7.1636 128.9443 0.1464
27.1323 2631.5727 7.1636 128.9443 19.9687
Total
2631.5727 2631.5727

0.0000
001 (massa air + massa kristal)
001 massa air + (0.001 x 3619.3237) 2.5026283981
kg = 0.146352538 kmol

Komponen Nama Mr
Aliran 18 CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05
Kg NH3 AMONIAK 17.03
2499.9941 99.9 % C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12
2.6343 0.1 % CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA 44.01
2502.6284 C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08
C6N11H9 MELAM 0

126.1200

28.6022037854 3607.309941 99.8947368421


0.2111760883 3.80116959 0.1052631579
28.8133798737 3611.111111
Satuan
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
STRIPPER - 01 (ST-01)

Fungsi : Memisahkan NH3 dari mother liquor

43

35 38
STRIPPER 01

Umpan keluaran centrifuge 80% recycle ke Quencher, 20% diumpankan ke Stripper

NERACA MASSA MIXING VALVE


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 27 Aliran 48
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 17.7551 302.3698 14.2041 241.8958
C3H6N6 0.2026 25.5479 0.1621 20.4383
C3H5N5O 0.8936 113.5781 0.7149 90.8625
H2O 145.4873 2618.7714 116.3898 2095.0171
164.3386 3060.2672 131.4709 2448.2137
Total
3060.2672 3060.2672

Komponen Masuk
Input
Komponen Zf %
Mol Liquid Mass Liquid
NH3 3.5510 60.4740 0.1080 9.8805
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0012 0.8348
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.0054 3.7114
H2O 29.0975 523.7543 0.8853 85.5733
TOTAL 32.8677 612.0534 1.0000 100.0000

Menghitung komponen teruapkan pada kolom stripper - 01


kondisi operasi
T= 80 C = 353.5 K
P= 1.32 bar = 1.3 atm =
Komponen ANTA ANTB ANTC Pi* (mmHg)
NH3 16.9481 2132.5 -32.98 29579.8608724795
C3H6N6 11.645 6440 0 0.0013978474
C3H5N5O 11.645 6440 0 0.0013978474
H2O 18.3036 3816.4400 -46.1300 360.3817128052

Menghitung komponen teruapkan pada kolom stripper - 01


kondisi operasi
T= 80 C = 353.5 K
P= 1.317225 bar = 1.3000 atm =

trial n error W/D = 8.3836


komponen kmol Pi* (atm) m zF
NH3 3.5510 38.9209 29.9391 0.1080
C3H6N6 0.0405 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012
C3H5N5O 0.1787 0.0000 0.0000 0.0054
H2O 29.0975 0.4742 0.3648 0.8853
total 32.8677 1.00

F=W+D
32.8677 = 9.3836 D
D = 3.5027
W = 29.3650
W+D = 32.8677

NERACA MASSA ST-01


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 35 Aliran 36
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 3.5510 60.4740 0.1470 2.5026
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0405 5.1096
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.1787 22.7156
H2O 29.0975 523.7543 28.9907 521.8320
32.8677 612.0534 29.3569 552.1598
Total
612.0534 611.8445
Output
Aliran 34
Kmol Kg
3.5510 60.4740
0.0405 5.1096
0.1787 22.7156
29.0975 523.7543
32.8677 612.0534
3060.2672

Pi* = EXP (A-(B/(T+C)))


988.0000 mmHg

m= Pi*/Pt
Pi* (atm)
38.9209 y*D = zF(W/D + 1)/(1+W/Dm)
1.83927292212E-06 x w = y*D/m
1.83927292212E-06
0.4742

0.95
0.05
Pi* = EXP (A-(B/(T+C)))
988.0000 mmHg

y*D xW vap (kmol) vap (kg) liq (kmol) liq (kg)


0.9900 0.0050043219 3.4677 59.0543 0.1469520806 2.5025939328
0.0000 0.0013796546 0.0000 0.0000 0.0405136033 5.1095756465
0.0000 0.0060862311 0.0000 0.0000 0.1787223809 22.7156146138
0.0100 0.9872512784 0.0350 0.6305 28.9906668717 521.8320036897
1.000000 0.999721 3.5027 59.6848 29.3569 552.1598

Output
Aliran 43
Kmol Kg
3.4677 59.0543
0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000
0.0350 0.6305
3.5027 59.6848
611.8445
Reboiler 01 (RB-01)

Fungsi : Untuk memanaskan kembali feed keluaran bottom dengan tujuan mempertahankan
kondisi operasi di dalam kolom stripper.

Temp 80 C 353.15 K
Press 1.3 atm 988 mmHg

L* = F + L 32.8677
V* = V + (q - 1) F 3.5027
B* = L* - V* 29.3650

Komposisi Feed Reboiler (L)


Komponen Kmol Kg Xi BM 0.1644806578
NH3 0.1645 2.8011 0.0050 17.03
C3H6N6 0.0453 5.7191 0.0014 126.12
C3H5N5O 0.2000 25.4252 0.0061 127.1
H2O 32.4487 584.0766 0.9873 18
Total 32.8677 618.0219 0.9997

Komposisi Boil-up Reboiler (V)


Komponen Kmol Kg Xi BM
NH3 0.0175 0.2985 0.0050 17.03
C3H6N6 0.0048 0.6095 0.0014 126.12
C3H5N5O 0.0213 2.7095 0.0061 127.1
H2O 3.4580 62.2446 0.9873 18
Total 3.5027 65.8621 0.9997
3.5017
Komposisi Bottom product reboiler (B)
Komponen Kmol Kg Xi BM
NH3 0.1470 2.5026 0.0050 17.03
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0014 126.12
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.0061 127.1
H2O 28.9907 521.8320 0.9873 18
Total 29.3650 552.1598 0.9997
29.3569
Neraca Massa Reboiler-01
Input Output
Komponen Aliran 36 Aliran Reflux (37) Aliran Produk (38)
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 0.1645 2.8011 0.0175 0.2985 0.1470 2.5026
C3H6N6 0.0453 5.7191 0.0048 0.6095 0.0405 5.1096
C3H5N5O 0.2000 25.4252 0.0213 2.7095 0.1787 22.7156
H2O 32.4487 584.0766 3.4580 62.2446 28.9907 521.8320
32.8586 618.0219 3.5017 65.8621 29.3569 552.1598
Total
618.0219 618.0219
0.0050057 4.3394553
0.00138 1.2090521
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF!
CENTRIFUGE - 02 (CF-02)

Fungsi : Memisahkan kristal ammelide dari mother liquor

15 16
CENTRIFUGE 02

17

NERACA MASSA CF-02


Input Output
Senyawa Aliran 39 Aliran 40 Aliran 41
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol
NH3 0.1470 2.5026 0.1470 2.5026 -
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0405 5.1096 -
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.1787
H2O 28.9907 521.8320 28.9907 521.8320
29.3569 552.1598 29.1781 529.4442 0.1787
Total
552.1598 552.1598

0.0000
Komponen Nama Mr
Aliran 41 CO(NH2)2 UREA 60.05
Kg NH3 AMONIAK 17.03
- C3N3(NH3)2 MELAMIN 126.12
- CO2 KARBONDIOKSIDA 44.01
22.7156 C2H5N3O2 BIURET 103.08
C6N11H9 MELAM 0
22.7156
Satuan
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kg/Kmol
Kolom Destilasi 01 (KD-01)

Fungsi : Untuk memisahkan benzena dari campuran benzena, toluena, xylena dan C9 aromatic

Komponen Masuk
Input
Komponen Xi
Mol Liquid Mass Liquid
NH3 3.5510 60.4740 0.1080 9.8805
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0012 0.8348
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.0054 3.7114
H2O 29.0975 523.7543 0.8853 85.5733
TOTAL 32.8677 612.0534 1.0000 100.0000

Komponen ANTA ANTB ANTC Tmin Tmax


NH3 16.9481 2132.5 -32.98 7 137
C3H6N6 11.645 6440 0 48 193
C3H5N5O 11.645 6440 0 -259 -248
H2O 18.3036 3816.4400 -46.1300 -180 -153

1 atm = 760 mmHg

Kondisi Operasi : T 81 C 354.15 K


P 1.78 atm 1352.8 mmHg
#REF!

Ln (Pi) = ANTA - ANTB/(T+ANTC)


Pi = exp (ANTA - (ANTB/(T+ ANTC)))

Komponen Pi (mmHg) Pi (atm) kmol BM


NH3 29980.8528 39.4485 3.5510 17.03
C3H6N6 0.0014 0.0000 0.0405 126.12
C3H5N5O 0.0014 0.0000 0.1787 127.1
H2O 369.9492 0.4868 29.0975 18
TOTAL 32.8677

Komponen Pi (mmHg) Ki (Pi/P) Xi Yi (Ki.Xi)


NH3 29980.8528 22.1621 0.1080 2.3944
C3H6N6 0.0014 0.0000 0.0012 0.0000
C3H5N5O 0.0014 0.0000 0.0054 0.0000
H2O 369.9492 0.2735 0.8853 0.2421
Total 1.0000 2.6365

Ditetapkan
LK NH3
HK H2O

Komponen Ki (Pi/P) K ref alpa (ki/kref) log alpha


NH3 22.1621 0.2735 81.0405 1.9087
C3H6N6 0.0000 0.2735 0.0000 -5.4082
C3H5N5O 0.0000 0.2735 0.0000 -5.4082
H2O 0.2735 0.2735 1.0000 0.0000
Total 82.0405

Diinginkan distribusi komponen kunci LK 99.5% HK


0.5%

LIGHT Key Heavy Key


C6H6 D 3.5333 C6H5CH3 D 0.1455
C6H6 B 0.0178 C6H5CH3 B 28.9520

Log D/B 2.2989 Log D/B -2.2989

Komponen X = log iK Y = log iD/iB X.Y X^2


NH3 1.9087 2.2989 4.3878 3.6431
H2O 0.0000 -2.2989 0.0000 0.0000
Total 1.9087 0.0000 4.3878 3.6431

y = aX + B

a (slope) 2.4088 (((2*D64)-(B64*C64))/((2*E64)-(B64^2)))


b (intercept) -2.2989 ((C64-(B68*B64))/2)

Maka untuk setiap komponen


Komponen X = log iK Y = log iD/iB iD/iB D (mol) B (mol)
NH3 1.9087 2.2989 199.0000 3.5333 0.0178
C3H6N6 -5.4082 -15.3261 0.0000 0.0000 0.0405
C3H5N5O -5.4082 -15.3261 0.0000 0.0000 0.1787
H2O 0.0000 -2.2989 0.0050 0.1455 28.9520

Kondisi Top Dew Point Kondisi Bottom Bubble point


Komponen Kmol Xi Massa Komponen Kmol
NH3 3.5333 0.9605 60.1716 NH3 0.0178
C3H6N6 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 C3H6N6 0.0405
C3H5N5O 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 C3H5N5O 0.1787
H2O 0.1455 0.0395 2.6188 H2O 28.9520
Total 3.6788 1.0000 62.7904 Total 29.1890

Produksi Benzena 433.2354 ton/tahun


Top Distilation Trial Error Kondisi Operasi
Temperature 30.5533086593 Celcius 303.703308659 Kelvin
Pressure 1.1 atm 825.622310323 mmHg

Komponen Kg Xi A B C Pi (mmHg)
NH3 60.1716 0.9605 16.9481 2132.5 -32.98 8699.7871
C3H6N6 0.0000 0.0000 11.645 6440 0 0.0001
C3H5N5O 0.0000 0.0000 11.645 6440 0 0.0001
H2O 2.6188 0.0395 18.3036 3816.4400 -46.1300 32.6777
Total 62.7904 1.0000

Bottom Trial Error


Temperature 117.2082886577 Celcius 390.358288658 Kelvin
Pressure 1.84 atm 1398.4 mmHg

Komponen Kg Xi A B C Pi (mmHg)
NH3 0.3024 0.0006 16.9481 2132.5 -32.98 58749.2426
C3H6N6 5.1096 0.0014 11.645 6440 0 0.0078
C3H5N5O 22.7156 0.0061 11.645 6440 0 0.0078
H2O 521.1355 0.9919 18.3036 3816.4400 -46.1300 1361.9262
Total 549.2631 1.0000

NERACA MASSA KOLOM DETILASI 01 (KD-01)


Input Output
Komponen Aliran Aliran Top Aliran bottom
Kmol Kg Kmol Kg Kmol Kg
NH3 3.5510 60.4740 3.5333 60.1716 0.0178 0.3024
C3H6N6 0.0405 5.1096 0.0000 0.0000 0.0405 5.1096
C3H5N5O 0.1787 22.7156 0.0000 0.0000 0.1787 22.7156
H2O 29.0975 523.7543 0.1455 2.6188 28.9520 521.1355
32.8677 612.0534 3.6788 62.7904 29.1890 549.2631
Total
612.0534 612.0534
BM Komponen
C6H5CH3 92.14 Toluena
C6H3(CH3)3 120.19 Trimetilbenzena
H2 2.0158 Hidrogen
CH4 16.04 Metana
C6H4(CH3)2 106.16 Xylena
C6H6 78.11 Benzena
99.5% Kapasitas 44166.66666667
0.5% Flow aktual #REF!

99.80%
Kapasitas 44166.66666667 #REF! #REF!
Xylene 44078.33333333 0.0000 44078.3333
Impuritis 88.3333333333 0.0000 88.3333
99.8 #REF!

Xi Massa
0.0006 0.3024
0.0014 5.1096
0.0061 22.7156
0.9919 521.1355
1.0000 549.2631
Ki (Pi/P) Xi = Yi/Ki Ln(Pi) = ANTA - ANTB/(T+ANTC)
10.5372 0.0911 Pi = exp (ANTA - (ANTB/(T+ ANTC)))
0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000
0.0396 0.9992
1.090

Ki (Pi/P) Yi = Xi*Ki
42.0118 0.0256
0.0000 0.0000
0.0000 0.0000
0.9739 0.9660
0.9916

0.527319786
95.82934154 1.216006632
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

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