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o, Here is my Step-By-Step guide to configuring a Wi-Fi network with BSNL DataOne.

Though many wireless routers claim that it is a no-brainer setup to configure the wireless
network, I found it to be not as simple as it looks to be. For example, NetGear comes
with a wizard that never works with BSNL broadband connected via HUAWEI
SmartAX 880. For those of you desperate to take your BSNL DataOne broadband
wireless, follow these steps. It took me more than 2 days to figure and come out with
these configuration details.

Before I start, let me share what I have:

1)BSNL DataOne 256Kbps connection.


2)HUAWEI SmartAX MT880 (The modem supplied by BSNL).
3) (configuring netgear dg632 for BSNL)NetGear WGR614v5

There are 2 steps to configuring your wireless network. First, you have to change the
default settings of the SmartAX MT880 modem and configure it to enable PPPoE (PPP
over Ethernet). Second, you have to configure the NetGear Router to talk to the modem.

Keep your modem, wireless router and your username and password from BSNL handy
before you proceed to the next step.

If you want to change your existing configuration, take a backup of your configuration.
This guide is to build your network from the ground-up.

1)Configuring and testing your Broadband connection


·Setup the modem as per the instructions mentioned in the manual. Ensure that the RJ11
(thin) cable from the splitter is connected to the ADSL port and the RJ45 cable connects
your machine to the Ethernet port of the modem.

·Change the IP properties of your Ethernet card to the following:


192.168.1.2
255.255.255.0
192.168.1.1

·Open the browser and type http://192.168.1.1 to go to the HUAWEI configuration tool.

·Enter ?admin? as username and ?admin? as password

·Expand the Home node and select the WAN Setting

·Under this web page, configure the following:


PVC Number ? PVC 0
Wan Type ? PPP
Connection Type ? PPPoE
VPI/VCI ? 0 / 35
Default Route – Enabled
User Name ? <your ISP UserName>
Password ? <your ISP Password>
Use DNS ? Enabled
Max Idle Time ? Always On

·Click on Apply and allow the modem to restart.

·Close the browser window

·Open the browser and type http://192.168.1.1

·Enter ?admin? as username and ?admin? as password

·You should see the Summary page. The Status is normally Red indicating that the
connection is not ON.

·Click on the Plug icon in the Note column to connect.

·After the Connecting message, you should see the summary page again with the Status
turning Green. Notice the IP Address and the Gateway Address.

·Expand Tools node and click on Misc.

·Type www.msn.com and click on Ping

·You should see Ping Result: Successful

·Click on the Lan Settings link under the Advanced node.

·Configure the following:


IP Address ? 192.168.1.90
Subnet Mask ? 255.255.255.0(/24)
Local Domain Name ? Blank

·Click on Apply and allow the modem to restart

·Open the Network properties of your Ethernet card and change the IP properties to the
following

IP Address ? 192.168.1.2
Subnet Mask ? 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway ? 192.168.1.90
Preferred DNS server ? 61.1.96.69 (BSNL DNS Server IP)
Alternate DNS server ? 61.1.96.71 (BSNL DNS Server IP)

·Open your browser and type your favorite URL. You should be online by this time!
2)Configuring the Wireless Router and enabling the WPA security
·Connect the network cable from the NetGear wireless router to the machine.

·Open the IP Properties of your Network card and Enable DHCP. Select the following on
the IP properites dialog.
Obtain IP Address Automatically
Obtain DNS Server Address Automatically

·Open the browser and type http://192.168.1.1/basicsetting.htm

·Enter ?admin? as username and ?password? as the password

·Click on Wireless Settings link on the navigation pane and configure with the following
values

Wireless Network
Name (SSID) –
Region ? Asia
Channel ? 11
Mode ? g and b
Security Options
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Security Encryption (WEP)
Authentication Type ? Automatic
Encryption Strength ? 64bit
Security Encryption (WEP) Key
Passphrase –
·Click on Generate

·Record the value of Key1 ? This is required when you log on to your Wi-Fi network the
first time.

·Click on Apply and wait till the router reboots


(Wireless will not be enabled till you complete the next step)

·Click on the Basic Settings link on the left side navigation pane and configure the
following

Does your Internet connection require a login? ? No


Account Name ? blank
Domain Name ? blank
Internet IP Address
Use Static IP Address
IP Address ? 192.168.1.91
IP Subnet Mask ? 255.255.255.0
Gateway IP Address ? 192.168.1.90
Domain Name Server (DNS) Address
Use These DNS Servers
Primary DNS ? 61.1.96.69
Secondary DNS ? 61.1.96.71
Router MAC Address
Use Default Address
·Click on Apply and wait till the router restarts

·Connect the Network Cable coming from the ADSL Modem to the Wireless Router

Few things to remember ?


·Don?t connect the ADSL Lan Cable to the Internet Uplink port of the Wireless Router. It
never worked for me. Always connect it to one of the 4 ports excluding the designated
Internet port.

·IP Addresses can be anything of your choice. But it is a excellent thought to follow the
192.168.x.x convention

·If you get lost any time, feel free to reset the configuration by poking a pin into the reset
slot on the modem and the router.

·Don?t compromise on the security. Always enable WPA and save your key. Don?t let
your friendly neighbors ride on your network!

Have a pleased Wi-Fi surfing and drop a comment in case you want more inputs.

BSNL DataOne

Related posts

BSNL BRODBAND HACK


Disclaimer : The information provided below is for educational purpose only. The author
is not responsible for any misuse of the information and discourages any illegal use of it.

Bsnl Broadband continues to grow as one the most popular broadband services in India
with high speed facilities of upto 2 mpbs. But a large number of users of this service are
vulnerable to hacker attacks because discovering and hacking the vulnerable victims of
this network is shockingly simple. If you are a Bsnl Broadband user then immediately
assess the security of your internet connection and take appropriate steps to secure
yourself.

First lets see how simple it is to get bsnl broadband usernames and passwords. For this
you shall need a ipscanner tool called Angry IP Scanner
http://www.angryziber.com/ipscan/ or anything similar.
Ok so lets begin...

Step 1 : Start Angry IP scanner and goto options > ports. Type in 80 in the first ports
textbox and click ok.
Then goto options > options ; in the display section select "only open ports" and click
ok&save.

Now on the main screen put in the ip scan range as something 59.*.0.0 - 59.*.255.255
(for e.g. 59.95.2.3) and click the start button. And the list that shall follow next are the
victims. In this example we choose the range 59.95.0.0 - 59.95.255.255. You will be
surprised at the number of victims you discover.

Step 2 : Pick the ip-address of any of them and open up your browser and type in
http://59.*.*.* (the * should be replaced by the values from the ip you are using. A box
will popup asking for username and password. Enter the username : admin and
password : admin .There is a high chance that you will be able to login with that
username and password.
admin-admin is the default username and password that is set while manufacturing the
adsl modem devices.

What follows next is the modem administration panel.


Simply search for the "WAN" option and click it. On the next page you will find the
username and password of that user. now right-click on the page and click view source.
in Mozilla/Opera This frame -> view frame source

Now in the source code search for this : INPUT TYPE="PASSWORD"

and the value field of this input element will have the password
if its not there as in case of D-Link DSL 502T ADSL Routers the search for this
input type="hidden" name="connection0:pppoe:settings/password" value="password"
id="uiPostPppoePassword"
and the value field will have the password
Well each steps take less than 1 minute so getting username passwords wont take even 2
minutes and is easier than sending a mail.

And this exposes the weak security of bsnl broadband users.

Well this is not a weakness but more of a mis-configuration which leads to insecurity. If
you understand networking then you would probably realise that it was merely logging
into the remote administration service of the modem and nothing else. This was not really
hacking but a simple search of victims who are absolutely ignorant of their weak security
on the internet.

Most routers have an option where remote management can be disabled. In other words,
you can only connect to the configuration interface from the internal network, not the
WAN(Internet) side. You would definitely want to make sure remote management is not
active to protect yourself.

Note : On SmartAX MT880 eventhough Remote Management is disabled , it permits


remote logins from over the Internet. So change your mode administration passwords
immediately.

The problem is that the professionals at Bsnl are ignorant of such simplicity of
networking and unable to advise the users or guide them to take proper security measures
leaving their customers and themselves absolutely unsecure.

Now lets check a few more options related to this issue. A bsnl broadband modem can be
used in two modes. RFC Bridged mode and pppoe mode.

In the RFC Bridged mode the device behaves like a modem device that is attached to
your computer and you use some dialup software to dial into the isp through this
modem.This is PPPOE from the PC and the adsl device is a good modem. This mode is
safer as the username password are on your pc and nothing is on the modem.

In the PPPOE mode the adsl device becomes a router - a distinct network device with
many features enabled. In this mode the username password is stored in the modem
which will dial to the isp and establish the internet connectivity. The computers will just
connect to this router who would be their primary gateway. Now this is the mode where
the risk exists.

If remote administration is enabled the remote users from the internet can login to this
modems administration panel. Now the main problem is the default admin username-
password which most users dont change due to ignorance. "admin-admin" is pair that
works in most cases giving you full access to the modems internals. What follows next is
simple as drinking a glass of orange juice.

Many users install firewalls and think they are safe, but they fail to understand that the
firewall protects their PC not the "router" since the topology is like

(PC) -> router -> internet

So how should you secure yourself ?

1. Use RFC Bridged mode if it is sufficient for you.

2. Change the default admin password of your modem.

3. Disable wan ping reply . ( this will prevent the hackers from directly discovering your
pc when it is on the internet)

4. Disable remote configuration feature.


5. Check your broadband usage on a regular basis and compare it with your own surfing
schedules to check whether someone else has used it or not. If suspiscious usage is
indicated then immediately change your bband password as well. Or a better suggestion
will be to change broadband passwords on a regular basis.

Try to spread the security awareness to your friends and other relatives who are using
Bsnl broadband and encourage them to secure their internet connectivity.
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