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Coimbatore-32

Subject Code & Title: 07ME303 / 07AE302 ENGINEERING

MECHANICS

Part-A

UNIT – IV FRICTION AND

1. A point moves on x axis in such a way that its displacement at time t is given by

x = a sin ωt. The maximum acceleration of the point is

a) a

b) at2

c) aω2

d) a/ ω2 Ans : c

2. A stone is dropped into a well and falls vertically. The depth of water surface is

199.9 m. The sound of impact of the stone on the water surface is heard 6.972

seconds after it is dropped. The velocity of sound will therefore be

a) 320 m/s

b) 500 m/s

c) 241.4 m/s

d) 341.4 m/s Ans : d

ball if dropped from a height of 0.250 m on the spring, the compression in length

of spring will be

a) 162 mm

b) 172 mm

c) 222 mm

d) 122 mm Ans : d

horizontal distance at which the pilot has to release a bomb to hit a target on

ground will be

a) 3000 m

b) 4000 m

c) 2515.6 m

d) 1000 m Ans : c

Page 2 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

time taken by the bomb to hit the target after release will be

a) 10.0 s

b) 20.1 s

c) 15 s

d) 40.1 s Ans : b

frictional force of 50 N. The acceleration of the sledge will be

a) 2 m/s2

b) 3 m/s2

c) 5 m/s2

d) zero Ans : b

vertically from the roof of a lift. The reading on the spring balance when the lift is

ascending with an acceleration of 0.2 m/s2 will be

a) 20.4 N

b) 14.4 N

c) 30.4 N

d) 10.4 N Ans : a

vertically from the roof of a lift. The reading on the spring balance when the lift is

descending with an acceleration of 0.2 m/s2 will be

a) 20.4 N

b) 19.8 N

c) 16.8 N

d) 22.8 N Ans : b

9. A conveyor belt moves horizontally with a velocity of 0.1 m/s. Sand is allowed to

fall vertically at 2 kg/s on the belt. The extra power needed to keep the belt

moving will be nearly

a) 0.02 watt

b) 0.03 watt

c) 0.1 watt

d) 0.04 watt Ans : a

10. A conveyor belt moves horizontally with a velocity of 0.1 m/s. Sand is allowed to

fall vertically at 2 kg/s on the belt. The rate of change of the kinetic energy of the

sand will be nearly

a) 0.02 watt

b) 0.03 watt

c) 0.1 watt

d) 0.05 watt Ans : b

Page 3 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

11. A ball of mass 2 kg moving with a velocity of 3 m/s collides centrally with another

ball of mass 1 kg moving in the opposite direction with a velocity of 4 m/s. After

collision they both move together with a common velocity v. The magnitude of v

will be

a) 1 m/s

b) 0.6 m/s

c) 0.5 m/s

d) zero Ans : b

12. A ball of mass 0.5 kg is attached to a string of length 0.5 m which will break if

the tension exceeds 20 N. The ball is whirled in a vertical circle, the axis of

rotation being at height of 1 m above ground. The angular speed at which the

string breaks will be

a) 2.75 rad/s

b) 7.75 rad/s

c) 3.75 rad/s

d) 5.5 rad/s Ans : b

13. A ball of mass 0.5 kg is attached to a string of length 0.5 m which will break if the

tension exceeds 20 N. The ball is whirled in a vertical circle, the axis of rotation

being at height of 1 m above ground. The ball will hit the ground at a horizontal

distance of

a) 1.22 m

b) 1.5 m

c) 1.62 m

d) 1.72 m Ans : a

14. A particle of mass 0.1 kg is rotated at the end of a string in a vertical circle of

radius 1m at a constant speed of 5 m/s. The tension in N, the string at the

highest point of its path will be

a) zero

b) 0.5

c) 1.5

d) 2.5 Ans : c

15. A car develops a power of 500 kW. The total frictional force is 20 kN. The

maximum speed in m/s is

a) 25

b) 50

c) 30

d) 10 Ans : a

16. A car turns a corner on a slippery road at a constant velocity of 10 m/s. If the

coefficient of friction is 0.5, the minimum radius of the arc to avoid skidding

will be

a) 20m

b) 10m

c) 15m

d) 25m Ans : a

Page 4 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

17. A solid cylinder of mass 10 kg of radius 600 mm rolls down an inclined plane

through a distance of 19.0 m along the plane starting from rest. The inclination of

the plane is 30 degrees to the horizontal. The acceleration in m/s2 will be

a) 0.87

b) 1.27

c) 2.27

d) 3.27 Ans : d

a) Its velocity is necessarily tangential to the path and acceleration is normal

to the path.

b) Its velocity is necessarily tangential to the path, but the acceleration has

normal

and tangential compact.

c) Its velocity has normal and tangential compact.

d) Its acceleration is tangential Ans : c

19. A particle is moving in a straight line with varying speed. At the instant when the

speed is maximum,

a) the acceleration must be 0

b) the acceleration must be maximum

c) the acceleration must be minimum

d) either the acceleration is 0 or it changes abruptly Ans : b

20. If a particle is moving with a constant acceleration, its time versus displacement

curve will be

a) linear

b) parabolic

c) cubic

d) sinusoidal Ans : a

21. A particle moving in a straight line at a speed of 10 m/sec suddenly reverses its

motion. At that instant,

a) its acceleration will be infinite

b) its acceleration will be 0

c) its acceleration will be finite

d) its acceleration will be negative Ans : b

acceleration of -10 m/s2 is imposed on the particle, after a very long time,

a) the particle will come to rest.

b) the particle will keep oscillating.

c) the particle will keep moving with increasing velocity in the opposite

direction.

d) the particle will keep moving with a constant velocity. Ans : c

Page 5 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

a) same

b) more

c) less

d) same or less Ans : b

24. A projectile flies over a plane inclined at 300 degree. The angle of projection is

600. The velocity of projection is u. The time of flight is

a) same

b) more

c) less

d) same or less Ans : c

a) proportional to projection velocity

b) proportional to square of projection velocity

c) does not dependent on projection velocity.

d) is inversely proportional to projectile velocity. Ans : b

26. A projectile flies over the horizontal surface. The angle of projection is 450. The

velocity of projection is 5 m/sec. After a time of 0.7 second, the gravity vanishes.

Then,

a) the particle will never reach ground.

b) the particle will eventually reach the ground.

c) the particle will stop at once.

d) the particle will fall vertically. Ans : a

27. When the boy is at position A, another boy approached towards A, running at a

speed of 0.01 m/sec. The magnitude of the velocity of walking boy as seen by

the running boy is

a) 0.01 m/sec

b) 2 m/sec

c) 2.1 m/sec

d) 1.1 m/sec Ans : a

28. A slider moves with a velocity 20 m/sec along a link rotating at 10 rad/sec. The

magnitude of the coriolis component of the acceleration is

a) 200 m/sec2

b) 100 m/sec2

c) 400 m/sec2

d) 20 m/sec2 Ans : a

29. A link is rotating with an angular speed of ω. A particle slides on the link with a

velocity of v. If the direction of rotation of link is changed, but the speed remains

same, then

a) the magnitude and direction of the acceleration remains same.

b) the magnitude of the acceleration remains same, but the direction changes.

c) the magnitude of the acceleration changes, but the direction remains same.

d) both the direction and magnitude of the acceleration changes.

Ans : b

Page 6 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

30. The following statement is not correct regarding the translation of a body

a) In translation every line in the body remains parallel to its original position

at all time.

b) In translation, there is no rotation of any line in the body.

c) The velocity of translating body can change in magnitude but not in

direction.

d) In translation, a point on the body can move on a curve. Ans : a

a) All lines in its plane of motion have the same angular displacement.

b) All lines in its plane of motion have the same angular velocity.

c) All lines in its plane of motion have the same angular acceleration.

d) All points in its plane of motion have the same linear velocity. Ans : d

a) no instantaneous center of rotation

b) instantaneous center in the body

c) instantaneous center at infinity

d) two instantaneous centers Ans : a

33. The disk is rotating about an axis parallel to thickness. The line connecting the

axis and a point on the circumference is undergoing

a) pure translation

b) pure rotation

c) combined rotation and translation

d) oscillation Ans : c

a) at the center of the cylinder

b) at infinity

c) at the point of contact of the cylinder and surface on which it rolls

d) at a distance of half the radius from the center. Ans : b

35. A stone of mass m at the end of a string length l is whirled in a vertical circle at a

constant speed. The tension in the spring will be maximum when the stone is

a) the top of the circle

b) half-way down from the top

c) quarter way down from the top

d) at the bottom of the circle Ans : d

36. A shell is fired from cannon with a speed V at an angle θ with the horizontal

direction. At the highest point in its path it explodes into two pieces of equal

mass. One of two pieces of equal mass. One of the pieces retraces its path to

the cannon. The speed of other piece immediately after explosion is

a. 3V cos θ

b. 2V cos θ

c. 3/2V cos θ

d. √3/2 V cos θ Ans : a

Page 7 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

37. A block of mass 5 kg is thrust up a 300 inclined plane with an initial velocity of

4 m/sec. It travels a distance of 1.0m before it comes to rest. The force of

friction acting on it would be

a) 4

b) 5

c) 15.5

d) 6 Ans : c

38. A solid cylinder of mass m and radius r starts rolling from rest along an

inclined plane. If it rolls without slipping from a vertical height h, the velocity of

its centre of mass when it reaches the bottom is

a) 2/3√2gh

b) √2gh

c) √2gh

d) none Ans : a

constant k = 1960 N/m. The spring will be compressed through.

a) 1 cm

b) 3 cm

c) 4.5 cm

d) 9 cm Ans : d

a) A body can have energy without having a momentum

b) A body can’t have kinetic energy without having momentum

c) A body in motion will always have K.E more than the potential energy

d) None of the above Ans : c

41. The displacement (in m) of a particle of mass 100gm from its mean position

is given by the equation

y=0.05 sin 3 π (5t + 0.4)

a) the time period of motion is 1/30 sec

b) the time period of motion is 1/7.5 sec

c) the maximum acceleration of the particle is = π m/s2

d) the force acting on the particle is zero when the displacement is 0.55m

Ans : b

42. Each second a rabbit moves half the remaining distance from his nose to a

head of lettuce 10m away. When does get to the lettuce?

a) after 100 secs

b) after 20 secs

c) after 10 secs

d) never Ans : d

Page 8 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

43. Under which circumstances a body will have zero velocity and be still

accelerating.

a) A streamer sequence while taking a turn

b) tyres of a stationary automobile

c) the bob of a simple pendulum when at its mean position

d) A ball at its highest port of its rise when thrown up Ans : d

44. A 1.2m long rope is draped a horizontal cylinder 1.2m dia. so that both end

hang free. How may long must an end be for impending motion use µ =0.5

a) 6.98

b) 7.65

c) 7.92

d) 8.37 Ans : d

a) A body falling freely under the force of gravity is an example of motion

under variable acceleration

b) A bus going down the valley may have variable acceleration

c) A lift going down in a gold mine cannot have constant acceleration in the

entire journey

d) In a cricket match, the ball does not move with constant acceleration

Ans : c

a) The force of friction does not depend upon the area of contact.

b) The magnitude of limiting friction bears a constant ratio to the normal

reaction between the two surface

c) The static friction is slightly less than the limiting friction

d) Both a and c Ans : d

47. The total momentum of a system of masses in any one direction remains

constant, unless acted upon by an external force in that direction. The statement

is called

a) Newton’s first law of motion

b) Newton’s second law of motion

c) Principles of conservation of energy

d) Principle of conservation of energy Ans : d

a) inelastic bodies

b) elastic bodies

c) neither elastic nor inelastic

d) none of these Ans : b

Page 9 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

a) zero

b) one

c) between zero and one

d) more than one Ans : a

50. During elastic impact, the relative velocity of the two bodies after impact is ……..

the relative velocity of the two bodies before impact

a) equal to

b) equal and opposite to

c) less than

d) greater than Ans : b

a) The kinetic energy of a body during impact remains constant

b) The kinetic energy of a body before impact is equal to the kinetic energy of

a body after impact

c) The kinetic energy of a body before impact is less than of it after impact.

d) The kinetic energy of a body before impact is more than of it after impact.

Ans : d

52. A rubber ball is dropped from a height of 2m. If there is no loss of velocity after

rebounding, the ball will raise to a height of

a) 1m

b) 2m

c) 3m

d) 4m Ans : b

a) some force acts on a body, but displacement is zero

b) no force acts on the body but some displacement takes place

c) either a or b

d) none of the above Ans : c

a) potential energy

b) kinetic energy

c) power

d) none of these Ans : c

a) potential energy only

b) kinetic energy of translation only

c) kinetic energy of rotation only

d) kinetic energy of translation and rotation both Ans : d

Page 10 of 10 Subject Code: 07ME303/ 07AE302

a) is constant at every instant

b) varies from point to point

c) is maximum in the start and minimum at the end

d) is minimum in the start and maximum at the end

Ans : a

a) strain energy

b) kinetic energy

c) heat energy

d) electrical energy Ans : a

58. A ball dropped from the top of a tower reaches the ground in 6 seconds. The

height of the tower is

a) 168.42 m

b) 130.48 m

c) 176.58 m

d) 149.38 m Ans: c

59. A particle starts from rest and moves along a straight line with an acceleration

a =(3t+5). The velocity after 4 seconds is

a) 43 m/s

b) 44 m/s

c) 60 m/s

d) 70 m/s Ans: b

60. When a lift is moving upwards with some acceleration, the tension in the rope

supporting the lift is

a) less than when it is in stationary position.

b) more than when it is in stationary position.

c) equal when it is in stationary position.

d) twice when it is in stationary position. Ans: c

P. Lakshmana Kumar Prof. J. Ganesh Murali,

Senior Lecturer Automobile Engineering

Automobile Engineering

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