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ART

For a long time art has been considered an essential part of all cultures in the world.
However, nowadays people’s values have changed, and we tend to consider science,
technology and business more important than arts.

What do you think are the causes of this?

What can be done to draw people’s attention to art?

The government's investment in arts, music and theatre is a waste of money.


Governments should invest these funds in public services instead.

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Answer1

Studying art in school improves students' performance in other subjects, because it is


easier for multi-skilled students to learn new things. That's why art should be
obligatory in schools.

Do you agree or disagree?

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 1


ANSWER 1

Unlike classic agree/disagree questions, to what extent you agree or disagree


questions do NOT ask you to clearly determine whether you agree or disagree with
the given statement.

In fact, you have 3 major options for your opinion:

AA: You completely agree (provide 2 ideas that strengthen the statement)

DD: You completely disagree (provide 2 ideas that weaken the statement)

AD: You agree or disagree partly (provide 1 idea that strengthens the statement
and 1 idea that weakens it)

After you’ve decided your opinion, generate 2-3 supporting points for it.

Now let’s generate supporting points for each of the opinions:

AA: Investment in arts, music and theatre is a waste of money

o Art, music and theatre don’t help to solve urgent problems of the
society
o Art and music can develop as hobbies, and saved money can be
directed towards urgent needs of the society
o If artists and musicians were employed at more traditional jobs,
there would be a great benefit for science and industry

DD: Investment in arts, music and theatre is NOT a waste of money

 The arts and music preserve unique culture and heritage, passing nation’s
cultural character and traditions to future generations
 Arts, music and theatre are an integral part of the society’s cultural and
intellectual development and amusement
 A strong arts, music and theatre sector is an economic asset that creates
new jobs and attracts tourism revenue

AD: Investment in arts is important, but public services should be financed


in the first place

For this opinion, just combine ideas from the previous points.

For our essay, we’ll choose the last opinion - partially agree / disagree (AD).

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 2


Band 9 answer structure
There are a lot of ways to structure your essay, but we’ll use a structure that has
been approved by many IELTS examiners to be high-scoring and coherent.
Band-9 essay structure:

1. Introduction
2. Body paragraph 1 - the 1st supporting point
3. Body paragraph 2 - the 2nd supporting point
4. Conclusion

As you already know, you can write the supporting points of your body
paragraphs in the following ways: agree + agree, disagree + disagree, agree +
disagree. We’ll use the last option as our opinion is partially agree / disagree.

Let’s take a look at each of these sections in detail.

Introduction
Write your introduction in two sentences:

 Sentence 1 - paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘it is


argued/considered/thought that’ to start):

It is often argued that the government should finance public services instead of
spending its budget on arts, music and theatre.

 Sentence 2 - give your opinion:

Although I agree that government’s investments in public services play a very


important role, I think that proper funding of arts sector is also crucial for the
society.

Body paragraph 1 - the 1st supporting point

 Sentence 1 - state the first reason you agree/disagree.

This sentence should contain the main idea of the whole 1st paragraph. In our
case we’ll use the reason A: why it is important to finance public services. As
we’ll be considering opposite opinions, it is a good idea to use a collocation on
the one hand to introduce the first reason:

On the one hand, the government should definitely allocate a large part of its
budget on public services.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 3


 Sentences 2-3 - explain the reason.

To explain the reason effectively, you can imagine that your examiner didn’t
understand what you were talking about and you have to explain every detail:

This economic sector determines the overall quality of life, ensuring that some
basic services, like schools, hospitals and roads, are available to all citizens
irrespective of their income or social status. Public services satisfy the primary
needs of the society and thus need a proper funding, while artists and musicians
are not curing diseases or building houses, so their role is secondary.

 Sentence 4 - example.

It’s always good to give examples in your body paragraphs, even if you’re not
asked to do it (like in our case):

For example, any country can live without music concerts, but absence of
medicine will create significant problems.

 Sentence 5 - a short summary of your ideas in this paragraph:

That’s why the government should adequately finance public services in the first
place.

Body paragraph 2 - the 2nd reason you agree/disagree

 Sentence 1 - state the second reason you agree/disagree.

This statement should contain the main idea of the whole 2nd paragraph. This
time we’ll use the reason D: why it is important to finance public services. As we
are considering opposite opinions, it is a good idea to use a phrase on the other
hand to introduce the second reason:

On the other hand, arts, music and theatre are not a waste of money, since they
are an integral part of the society’s cultural and intellectual development and
amusement.

 Sentences 2-3 - explain the reason (assume that your examiner doesn’t
understand the topic at all):

Firstly, art and music draw people’s attention to diverse phenomena and
represent the inward significance of things. Quite often a single drawing, piece or
song can exhort myriads of people to reconsider their attitude towards some
situation. This way, art serves as a major source of nation’s personal and
intellectual development. Moreover, visiting museums, watching movies and
listening to music are common ways of relaxation and entertainment.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 4


 Sentence 4 - support your idea with an example:

The question doesn’t ask us to give examples, plus we’ve already written a lot in
this paragraph, so we’ll skip this point.

 Sentence 5 - a short summary of your thoughts in the 2nd paragraph.

Thus, art sector is also important for the society and should not be neglected.

Conclusion
You can write the conclusion in one sentence that summarizes your opinion +
2 reasons for it:

To conclude, though I agree that the government should allocate a large part of
its budget on such urgent needs of the society like public services, I think that
arts, music and theatre should also be financed since they play an important role
in people’s development and entertainment.

DO NOT write new ideas in the conclusion!

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 5


Model answer
This is a full band-9 answer for to what extent you agree or disagree IELTS Writing
question above:

It is often argued that the government should finance public services instead of
spending its budget on arts, music and theatre. Although I agree that government’s
investments in public services play a very important role, I think that proper
funding of arts sector is also crucial for the society.

On the one hand, the government should definitely allocate a large part of its
budget on public services. This economic sector determines the overall quality of
life, ensuring that some basic services, like schools, hospitals and roads, are
available to all citizens irrespective of their income or social status. Public services
satisfy the primary needs of the society and thus need a proper funding, while
artists and musicians are not curing diseases or building houses, so their role is
secondary. For example, any country can live without music concerts, but absence
of medicine will create significant problems. That’s why the government should
adequately finance public services in the first place.

On the other hand, arts, music and theatre are not a waste of money, since they are
an integral part of the society’s cultural and intellectual development and
amusement. Firstly, art and music draw people’s attention to diverse phenomena
and represent the inward significance of things. Quite often a single drawing, piece
or song can exhort myriads of people to reconsider their attitude towards some
situation. This way, art serves as a major source of nation’s personal and intellectual
development. Moreover, visiting museums, watching movies and listening to
music are common ways of relaxation and entertainment. Thus, art sector is also
important for the society and should not be neglected.

To conclude, though I agree that the government should allocate a large part of its
budget on such urgent needs of the society like public services, I think that arts,
music and theatre should also be financed since they play an important role in
people’s development and entertainment.

(317 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 6


ENVIRONMENT

Influence of human beings on the world's ecosystem is leading to the extinction of


species and loss of bio-diversity.

What are the primary causes of loss of bio-diversity?

What solutions can you suggest?

ANSWER

Of course, the topics for causes & solutions essay may vary, but the answering strategy
is pretty much the same for all essays of causes/solutions type.

Producing ideas

As you know, it’s recommended to spend about 40 minutes on IELTS Writing task
2. But before starting to write your essay, it’s a good idea to dedicate 2-4 minutes
to producing some ideas for your essay. This way you’ll know what to write about
and your essay will be more structured.

To produce ideas for causes and solutions essay, you have to determine 3
things:

 Problem
 Causes of this problem
 Solutions to this problem

The problem is already given: loss of bio-diversity (in other words, some
animals and plants are dying out).

Now let’s think about its causes and solutions. Don’t be afraid of simple ideas!
Remember: getting a high score means writing simple things well. Here are some
ideas that may come to your mind:

Causes:

 change of the natural habitats

When humans artificially transform the environment (build roads, houses


etc.), they destroy animals’ natural habitat.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 7


 pollution

Pollution negatively changes the flow of energy, the chemical constitution


of the environment and the climate in general, so a lot of species cannot
live under such conditions and die out.

 overexploitation of resources

When the activities connected with capturing and harvesting a natural


resource are too intense in a particular area, the resource becomes
exhausted. Example: too intense farming exhausts the soil; too frequent
fishing, which doesn’t leave enough time for fish to reproduce, makes fish
disappear.

After you’ve though of the possible causes, you can use them in your writing. You
can invent more reasons of this problem, but usually, it’s enough to give 1-2
causes in your writing.

Possible solutions:

 protect areas

Protecting areas where human activity is limited and avoiding


overexploitation of resources are the best ways to save the environment
and prevent species from dying out.

 promote awareness

Informing the general population about the disadvantages of loss of


biodiversity will encourage people to be more conscious of the
environment.

1-2 solutions are enough for a good essay. Now, after we’ve collected some
ideas, it’s time to structure our thoughts into an essay.

Band 9 answer structure for causes & solutions essay

There may be many possible answering strategies, but we’ll use this good and
time-tested essay structure:

1. Introduction
2. Body paragraph 1 – causes
3. Body paragraph 2 – solutions
4. Conclusion

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 8


Introduction

Write the introduction in 2 sentences:

o Sentence 1 - paraphrase the question (restate the problem):

Despite knowing about biodiversity’s importance for a long time, human


activity has been causing massive extinctions of different species.

o Sentence 2 - tell the examiner what you’re going to describe in your essay:

This essay will examine the main causes of loss of biodiversity and
possible solutions of this problem.

Body paragraph 1 - causes

o Sentence 1 - state 2 main causes:

The two main causes of species extinction are change of their habitats and
overexploitation of natural resources.

o Sentences 2-4 - explain the first cause + give an example:

When humans artificially transform the environment, they destroy


vegetation and animals’ natural habitat. For instance, to build new roads
people are cutting down the trees and cementing the soil, altering the
environment. Because of that, a lot of species are dying out.

o Sentences 5-7 - explain the second cause + give an example:

Also, when the activities connected with capturing and harvesting a natural
resource are too intense in a particular area, the resource becomes
exhausted. For example, too frequent fishing doesn’t leave enough time for
fish to reproduce and makes them disappear.

o The last sentence - give a short summary (if needed)

In other words, human activities often deplete local flora and fauna and
cause loss of bio-diversity.

Body paragraph 2 - solutions

o Sentence 1 - give 1-2 possible solutions

Some possible solutions to this problem are protecting natural areas and
promoting awareness among people.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 9


o Sentences 2-4 - explain how each of the solutions solves the problem (you may
give an example if you wish)

By protecting areas where human activity is limited and avoiding


overexploitation of its resources, we can save the untouched environment
and prevent species from dying out. Moreover, the next step in fighting
bio-diversity loss is informing the general population about the dangers of
this problem. This way, people will be more conscious of the environment
and won’t overuse or destroy its resources.

Conclusion

o Sentence 1 - restate the causes of the problem

To conclude, people’s activities that change the environment have


negative impact on the world's ecosystem.

o Sentence 2 - remind the reader of possible solutions

However, we can significantly lessen the extinction of species by


protecting natural areas and enlightening people as to this problem.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 10


Model essay for IELTS Writing causes/solutions question

The model band-9 essay for this question will look as follows:

Despite knowing about biodiversity’s importance for a long time, human activity
has been causing massive extinctions of different species. This essay will examine
the main causes of loss of biodiversity and possible solutions of this problem.

The two main causes of species extinction are change of their habitats and
overexploitation of natural resources. When humans artificially transform the
environment, they destroy vegetation and animals’ natural habitat. For instance, to
build new roads people are cutting down the trees and cementing the soil, altering
the environment. Because of that, a lot of species are dying out. Also, when the
activities connected with capturing and harvesting a natural resource are too
intense in a particular area, the resource becomes exhausted. For example, too
frequent fishing doesn’t leave enough time for fish to reproduce and makes them
disappear. In other words, human activities often deplete local flora and fauna and
cause loss of bio-diversity.

Some possible solutions to this problem are protecting natural areas and
promoting awareness among people. By protecting areas where human activity is
limited and avoiding overexploitation of its resources, we can save the untouched
environment and prevent species from dying out. Moreover, the next step in
fighting bio-diversity loss is informing the general population about the dangers of
this problem. This way, people will be more conscious of the environment and
won’t overuse or destroy its resources.

To conclude, people’s activities that change the environment have negative impact
on the world's ecosystem. However, we can significantly lessen the extinction of
species by protecting natural areas and enlightening people as to this problem.

(263 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 11


Government & society
Some people advocate death penalty for those who committed violent crimes. Others
say that capital punishment is unacceptable in contemporary society.

Describe advantages and disadvantages of death penalty and give your opinion.

ANSWER

So this is the advantage/disadvantage essay. In this essay you're asked about:

1. Advantages of capital punishment


2. Disadvantages of capital punishment
3. Your opinion about it

Before writing this IELTS essay, you should decide what’s your opinion and
then choose your arguments to describe pros and cons of death penalty. You
don’t have to make up very complicate ideas. Even simple, but well-written
arguments can often give you a band 9 for writing.

Some of the possible arguments:

1. Disadvantages of capital punishment:


o we have no rights to kill other humans
o innocent people can be killed because of unfair sentences
o even criminals deserve a second chance

2. Advantages of capital punishment:


o it prevents major crimes
o it restores equilibrium of justice
o it lessens expenses on maintenance of prisoners

How to structure my answer?

Surely, there are a lot of ways to organise this essay. But here is one possible way
of structuring the answer to produce a band 9 essay:

Introduction: rephrase the topic and state your opinion.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 12


Body paragraphs:

 paragraph 1: disadvantages of death penalty


 paragraph 2: advantages of death penalty

Conclusion: sum up the ideas from body paragraphs and briefly give your
opinion.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 13


Band 9 essay sample (death penalty)

Many people believe that death penalty is necessary to keep security system
efficient in the society. While there are some negative aspects of capital
punishment, I agree with the view that without it we will become more vulnerable
to violence.

Death penalty can be considered unsuitable punishment for several reasons. The
strongest argument is that we have no rights to kill other humans. Right to live is
the basic right of any human being, and no one can infringe this right, irrespective
of the person’s deeds. Moreover, innocent people can face wrongful execution.
Such unfair sentences take away lives of innocent people and make other citizens
lose faith in law and justice. And besides, sometimes criminals repent of their acts.
In this case they should be given a second chance to improve themselves.

However, I believe that capital punishment is necessary in the society. Firstly, it is


an effective deterrent of major crimes. The best method to prevent a person from
committing crime is to show the consequences of his or her actions. For example,
the government of Pakistan has controlled the rate of terrorism by enforcing death
penalties for the members of terrorist organisations. Secondly, the governments
spend large sums of national budget on maintenance of prisoners. Instead, this
money can be used for the development of the society and welfare of the people.

To sum up, although capital punishment has some disadvantages, I think that it
proves to be the best way of controlling criminals, lessening governmental
expenses and preventing other people from doing crimes.

(257 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 14


Useful vocabulary

capital punishment = death penalty

to commit a crime - to do a crime

deterrent of major crimes - something that prevents big crimes

to face wrongful execution - to be mistaken for a criminal and killed


for that

to infringe someone’s right - restrict someone’s right, hurt someone’s


interests

innocent people - people who are not guilty or responsible for crimes

to repent of something - to feel sorry for something

right to live is basic right of any human being

unfair sentence - not fair judgement

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 15


HEALTH

Today more people are overweight than ever before.

What in your opinion are the primary causes of this?

What measures can be taken to overcome this epidemic?

ANSWER

Generating ideas
After you’ve read the question, you can clearly determine the problem: growing
number of overweight people.

But before you start to write your essay, it’s a good idea to think of 2-3 causes and
2-3 possible effects of the problem.

Causes of obesity:

1. inactive lifestyle (relying on cars instead of walking, fewer physical


demands at work, inactive leisure activities)
2. unhealthy eating habits (eating fast-food, drinking high-calorie beverages,
consuming large portions of food, eating irregularly)

Effects of obesity:

1. physical health problems


2. loss of productivity
3. depressions and mental disorders

Now, after we’ve generated the main ideas for causes and effects, it’s time to use
these ideas in our essay.

Band 9 answer structure

As you know, there are many ways to structure your essay, but we’ll use a
structure that has been approved by many IELTS examiners to be high-scoring
and coherent.

Band-9 essay structure:

 Introduction
 Body paragraph 1 - causes
 Body paragraph 2 - effects
 Conclusion

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 16


Let’s take a look at each of these sections in detail.

Introduction

Write your introduction in two sentences:

 Sentence 1 - paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘nowadays/today/these


days’ to start):

Nowadays the number of overweight people is constantly growing.

 Sentence 2 - say what you’ll write about in your essay:

This essay will discuss the main reasons of this epidemic and then describe
the possible effects of the problem.

Body paragraph 1 - causes

 Sentence 1 - state all the main causes of obesity:

In my opinion, the foremost causes of obesity are inactive lifestyle and


unhealthy eating habits.

 Sentences 2-3 - describe the first cause. Assume that your examiner has no
knowledge in this area and you have to explain all the details to him.

Today more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have less
physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This results
in burning less calories and gaining weight.

 Sentences 4-5 - describe the second cause. Don’t forget that it’s useful to
give examples while describing causes!

Moreover, the problem is accentuated by the growing number of people,


who eat irregularly and consume large portions of high-calorie food. For
example, about 50% of the adult population in Europe with so-called
disordered eating suffer from obesity.

Body paragraph 2 - effects

 Sentence 1 - state all the possible effects:

The possible effects of this problem include physical health problems and
loss of productivity.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 17


 Sentences 2-3 - explain the first effect and give an example:

First of all, obesity results in incorrect functioning of the human body and
contributes to the risk of developing some chronic illnesses. For example,
as body fat percentage increases, the person’s metabolism worsens, which
in turn may result in diabetes or heart diseases.

 Sentences 4-6 - explain the second effect and support it with an example:

Secondly, overweight people are very unhealthy and often suffer from
stress and tiredness. This lessens their work capacity and results in lower
productivity. For example, it has been proven that an obese person needs
to put more effort to complete some task than a person with normal weight.

Conclusion

For the conclusion you need simply to restate the problem and sum up the causes
and effects that you described in your body paragraphs:

To sum up, obesity is a big problem that affects a lot of people nowadays. It’s
mainly caused by inactive lifestyle and eating disorders and results in severe
health problems and loss of productivity.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 18


Model essay

Nowadays the number of overweight people is constantly increasing. This essay


will discuss the main reasons of this epidemic and then describe the possible
effects of the problem.

In my opinion, the foremost causes of obesity are inactive lifestyle and unhealthy
eating habits. Today more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have
less physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This results in
burning less calories and gaining weight. Moreover, the problem is accentuated
by the growing number of people, who eat irregularly and consume large portions
of high-calorie food. For example, about 50% of the adult population in Europe with
so-called disordered eating suffer from obesity.

The possible effects of this problem include physical health problems and loss of
productivity. First of all, obesity results in incorrect functioning of the human body
and contributes to the risk of developing some chronic illnesses. For example, as
body fat percentage increases, the person’s metabolism worsens, which in turn
may result in diabetes or heart diseases. Secondly, overweight people are very
unhealthy and often suffer from stress and tiredness. This lessens their work
capacity and results in lower productivity. For example, it has been proven that an
obese person needs to put more effort to complete some task than a person with
normal weight.

To sum up, obesity is a big problem that affects a lot of people nowadays. It’s
mainly caused by inactive lifestyle and eating disorders and results in severe
health problems and loss of productivity.

(251 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 19


JOBS AND EMPLOYMENT

Big salary is much more important than job satisfaction.

Do you agree or disagree?

Provide relevant examples if necessary.

Choose your opinion & generate ideas

Agree or disagree question asks you to clearly determine whether you agree
or disagree with the statement. Unlike questions that ask you to what extent do
you agree or disagree, this question asks you to have a super-clear opinion. After
you’ve decided your opinion, generate 2-3 supporting points for it.

For the task above you have two possible options:

1. You fully agree that big salary is more important than job satisfaction
2. You completely disagree that big salary is more important than job
satisfaction

Now let’s generate supporting points for each of the opinions:

 Big salary is more important


o Having a job with a high salary makes people feel satisfied no matter
what kind of job they do
o Money is essential for survival and good living

 Job satisfaction is more important


o Job satisfaction gives you a sense of fulfillment
o Doing what you like keeps you motivated and therefore leads to a
career growth
o Money can’t buy happiness and it’s more pleasant to pursue what
you’re interested in

For our essay, we’ll choose the second opinion.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 20


Band 9 answer structure

After you’ve decided whether you agree or disagree and generated your
supporting points, it’s time to start writing your essay.

There are a lot of ways to structure your essay, but we’ll use a structure that has
been approved by many IELTS examiners to be high-scoring and coherent.

Band-9 essay structure:

1. Introduction
2. Body paragraph 1 - the 1st reason you agree/disagree
3. Body paragraph 2 - the 2nd reason you agree/disagree
4. Conclusion

Let’s take a look at each of these sections in detail.

Introduction

Write your introduction in two sentences:

 Sentence 1 - paraphrase the statement (you can use ‘it is


argued/considered/thought that’ to start):

It is often argued that it is more advantageous to choose a job with high


wage, even if it doesn't appeal to you at all.

 Sentence 2 - say whether you agree or disagree with it and extend your
opinion:

I completely disagree with this opinion and think that job satisfaction is
much more important than salary.

Body paragraph 1 - the 1st reason you agree/disagree

 Sentence 1 - state the first reason you agree/disagree.

This sentence should contain the main idea of the whole 1st
paragraph. Use words firstly or first of all to introduce the first reason. In
our case we’ll use the reason that job satisfaction gives you a sense of
fulfillment:

First of all, I believe that job satisfaction gives people a sense of fulfillment
that no money can guarantee.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 21


 Sentences 2-3 - explain the reason.

To explain the reason effectively, you can imagine that your examiner has
no knowledge of this subject at all and you have to explain every detail:

Even if someone is earning a high salary, but feels tensed and


compromises with his conscience, this person won’t enjoy his life. While
pursuing one’s interests will always bring pleasure and feeling of
satisfaction.

 Sentence 4 - example.

It’s always good to give examples in your body paragraphs, even if you’re
not asked to do it. In our case, the task asks you to provide relevant
examples:

For example, a lot of famous researchers made their career choices not
because of appealing wages, but because they were passionate about
science.

 Sentence 5 - a short summary of your ideas in this paragraph:

That’s why it’s more important to choose the kind of work that makes you
happy than to look only at a high salary.

Body paragraph 2 - the 2nd reason you agree/disagree

 Sentence 1 - state the second reason you agree/disagree.

This statement should contain the main idea of the whole 2nd paragraph.
Use words secondly or moreover to introduce the second reason:

Secondly, doing what you like keeps you motivated and therefore leads to
a career growth.

 Sentences 2-3 - explain the reason (assume that your examiner doesn’t
understand the topic at all):

In other words, there is a strong relation between job satisfaction and


productivity. People who love their jobs can easily excel in their fields of
work and achieve better results than those, who put salary on the first
place.

 Sentence 4 - support your idea with an example:

For instance, Henry Miller decided to leave his everyday job despite a
good wage and ventured to become a writer. And after enduring years of
WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 22
ups and downs he became one of the most famous and well-paid authors of
the twentieth century.

 Sentence 5 - a short summary of your thoughts in the 2nd paragraph.

Thus, advantages of jobs that keep you satisfied outweigh the drawback of
a low salary in a long-term perspective

Conclusion

You can write the conclusion in one sentence that summarizes your opinion +
2 reasons for it:

To conclude, I strongly believe that job satisfaction is more beneficial than high
salary because it makes people happy and motivated.

DO NOT write new ideas in the conclusion!

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 23


IELTS agree/disagree model answer

This is a full band-9 answer for IELTS agree or disagree question above:

It is often argued that it is more advantageous to choose a job with high wage, even
if it doesn't appeal to you at all. I completely disagree with this opinion and think
that job satisfaction is much more important than salary.

First of all, I believe that job satisfaction gives people a sense of fulfillment that no
money can guarantee. Even if someone is earning a high salary, but feels tensed
and compromises with his conscience, this person won’t enjoy his life. While
pursuing one’s interests will always bring pleasure and feeling of satisfaction. For
example, a lot of famous researchers made their career choices not because of
appealing wages, but because they were passionate about science. That’s why it’s
more important to choose the kind of work that makes you happy than to look only
at a high salary.

Secondly, doing what you like keeps you motivated and therefore leads to a career
growth. In other words, there is a strong relation between job satisfaction and
productivity. People who love their jobs can easily excel in their fields of work and
achieve better results than those, who put salary on the first place. For instance,
Henry Miller decided to leave his everyday job despite a good wage and ventured
to become a writer. And after enduring years of ups and downs he became one of
the most famous and well-paid authors of the twentieth century. Thus, advantages
of jobs that keep you satisfied outweigh the drawback of a low salary in a long-term
perspective.

To conclude, I strongly believe that job satisfaction is more beneficial than high
salary because it makes people happy and motivated.

(277 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 24


RELATIONSHIPS

Establishing good relationships in the workplace is not important, as the primary


goal of every person is to focus on work.

To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Your question asks you to what extent do you agree/disagree, and this means you
can partially agree or disagree with the statement. Unlike "classic"
agree/disagree questions, where you must write whether you fully agree or fully
disagree, this question type allows you to choose arguments from both sides.

In this essay you're asked about:

 Your opinion about relations between colleagues or groupmates

Before writing this IELTS essay, you should decide to what extent do you agree or
disagree with the statement and then choose nice arguments to support your
opinion

Now let's look at some of the possible arguments:

1. Complete agreement:

o friends at work may distract you and decrease your productivity


o it is better to focus only on work in the workplace, to have faster career
growth
o good relationships with colleagues are hard to retain and are very
emotionally demanding

2. Complete disagreement:

o good relationships make it more comfortable for you to work


o if you're on good terms with your co-workers, you might ask them for help
o good relations with colleagues result in better teamwork

3. Partial agreement/disagreement:

o just combine ideas from the previous points

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 25


How to structure my answer?

Surely, there are a lot of ways to organise this essay. You can completely agree
with the statement, completely disagree, or you can partially agree/disagree.
The third option - partially agree/disagree essay - is presented in this lesson.
Here is one possible way of structuring the answer to produce a band 9 essay:

Introduction: rephrase the topic and state your opinion.

Body paragraphs:

 paragraph 1: reason why you agree


 paragraph 2: reason why you disagree

Conclusion: sum up the ideas from body paragraphs and briefly give your
opinion.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 26


Band 9 essay sample (relationships with colleagues)

It is commonly argued that the primary goal of every employee is to focus on


his/her job duties, while being on good terms with colleagues is not crucial.
Although I agree that being productive at work is more important than trying to
befriend all colleagues, I think that it is advantageous to have at least a few friends
in the workplace.

On the one hand, maintaining good relations with all co-workers is often hard and
even counter-productive. Firstly, it is very emotionally demanding to forge
friendships in the office. It is almost impossible to cater for every colleague’s needs
and interests, be nice even with people who irritate you, and make friends under
stressful conditions. Moreover, sometimes it is wiser to eschew the niceties of
interaction in favor of productivity. For instance, if all people were trying to build
good relationships with everyone in their workplace, much less work would be
done.

On the other hand, there are many compelling reasons to get closer to our
colleagues. First of all, it is very beneficial to build warm relationships with those
who surround you most of the time. Many full-time employees spend more of their
waking hours with co-workers than they do with their families. And thus, people
who have a few friends in their offices are usually happier than their solitary peers.
Secondly, good interpersonal relations result in an improved teamwork. It is not a
secret that team members who like and respect each other tend to collaborate on
a project more effectively.

In conclusion, we need to find a healthy balance between being productive at work


and forming social bonds. The ideal option is to find friends in the workplace, but
not at the cost of our own productivity.

(290 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 27


Useful Vocabulary

atmosphere in the workplace

career growth = career ladder

cater for every colleague’s needs and interests = pay attention to


every colleague’s needs/interests and be nice

co-workers = colleagues

compelling reasons = serious reasons

eschew the niceties of interaction in favor of productivity = avoid


formal kindness and be more productive instead

full-time employee = employee working 40 hours per week

improved teamwork

job satisfaction

to be on good terms with colleagues = to build warm relationships


with colleagues = to get closer to colleagues

to effectively collaborate on a project = to effectively work together


on a project

to focus on job duties

to forge friendships in the office = to make friends in the office

to form social bonds = to make friends

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 28


Travel and Tourism

A lot of places in the world rely on tourism as a main source of income.


Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems if it is not managed
correctly.

Describe the advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world. Do


you think that benefits of tourism outweight its drawbacks?

This essay topic is related to tourism. Of course, topics for questions will vary, but ideal
answer structure is the same for all advantages & disadvantages essays in IELTS.

Producing ideas for your answer


Before you start writing your essay, you should always spend 1-2 minutes on
producing ideas for your answer. This way, you’ll know what to write about and
your answer will be more coherent and well-structured. In case of advantages &
disadvantages essay, you need to think of 2-3 advantages and 2-3 disadvantages of
the given issue.

Let’s think about advantages and disadvantages of tourism in the modern world.

Advantages of tourism:

 boost in country’s economy due to increased spending


 new job opening for local people
 opportunities to discover new places for individual travelers

Disadvantages of tourism:

 destruction of popular tourist destinations by large numbers of tourists


 development of illegal economic activities
 local people can experience loss of privacy

Now, after we’ve collected some ideas, it’s time to use them in our essay.

Band 9 answer structure for causes & solutions essay


Though there are many ways to structure your IELTS essay, we’ll use this time-
tested band 9 essay structure:

1. Introduction
2. Body paragraph 1 – advantages
3. Body paragraph 2 – disadvantages
4. Conclusion

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 29


Tip: before starting to write your essay, decide what you think: does tourism have
more advantages or disadvantages? You’ll need to make accent on your opinion
in one of the body paragraphs.

We’ll use the opinion that tourism has more advantages.

Introduction Write the introduction in 2 sentences:

o Sentence 1 - paraphrase the question (restate the problem):

Nowadays tourism generates a significant portion of national income for


many countries, but it has certain drawbacks too.

o Sentence 2 - tell the examiner what you’re going to describe in your essay:

This essay will examine the advantages and disadvantages of tourism and
provide a logical conclusion.

Body paragraph 1 - advantages

o Sentence 1 - state 2 main advantages:

The two main advantages of developed tourism industry are boost in


country’s economy and a large number of new job openings for the local
people.

o Sentences 2-4 - explain the first advantage + give an example (if possible):

Firstly, tourists spend money on a wide range of services, including hotels,


amusements, transportation, food and medical services. This way, tourism
yields an additional income, greatly supporting the countries’ economies.

o Sentences 5-7 - explain the second advantage + give an example (if


possible):

Secondly, tourism increases the level of employment by bringing new


jobs. For instance, the influx of tourists results in a larger demand in
restaurant workers, tour guides, hotel staff and employees of retail
services, exhorting business owners to hire more people for these
positions.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 30


Body paragraph 2 - disadvantages

o Sentence 1 - state 2 main disadvantages:

However, tourism also has some major disadvantages like destruction of


popular tourist destinations and development of illegal economic activities.

o Sentences 2-4 - explain the first disadvantage + give an example (if


possible):

Ancient buildings, temples and monuments struggle to cope with a vast


amount of visitor’s traffic and get damaged. Also, the large number of
tourists can cause environmental problems. For instance, when places of
interest are overcrowded, natural resources often become overexploited.

o Sentences 5-7 - explain the second disadvantage + give an example (if


possible):

What’s more, tourism can create more serious situations where criminal
issues are involved. The presence of a considerable number of tourists
with a lot of money to spend, and often carrying valuables such as cameras
and jewelry, increases the attraction for criminals and brings with it
activities like robbery and drug dealing.

o Sentences 8 - make an accent on your opinion (we’ll use the opinion that
tourism has more advantages):

However, proper hospitality management and correct usage of tourism


revenue by the local government can eliminate these disadvantages.

Conclusion

o Sentences 1-2 - briefly restate the advantages and disadvantages

To conclude, although tourism has certain disadvantages like destructive


effects and growth of crime rate, it has an extremely positive impact on
country’s economy and provides a large number of new jobs for the local
people.

o Sentence 2 - give your final opinion

I believe that these benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks.

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 31


Band 9 answer sample
Nowadays tourism generates a significant portion of national income for many
countries, but it has certain drawbacks too. This essay will examine the advantages
and disadvantages of tourism and provide a logical conclusion.

The two main advantages of developed tourism industry are boost in country’s
economy and a large number of new job openings for the local people. Firstly,
tourists spend money on a wide range of services, including hotels, amusements,
transportation, food and medical services. This way, tourism yields an additional
income, greatly supporting the country’s economy. Secondly, tourism increases
the level of employment by bringing new jobs. For instance, the influx of tourists
results in a larger demand in restaurant workers, tour guides, hotel staff and
employees of retail services, exhorting business owners to hire more people for
these positions.

But tourism also has some major disadvantages like destruction of popular tourist
destinations and development of illegal economic activities. іAncient buildings,
temples and monuments struggle to cope with a vast amount of visitor’s traffic and
get damaged. Also, the large number of tourists can cause environmental
problems. For instance, when places of interest are overcrowded, natural
resources often become overexploited. What’s more, the presence of a
considerable number of tourists with a lot of money to spend, and often carrying
valuables such as cameras and jewelry, increases the attraction for criminals and
brings with it activities like robbery and drug dealing. However, proper hospitality
management and correct usage of tourism revenue by the local government can
eliminate these disadvantages.

To conclude, although tourism can have certain negative effects like destructive
impact and growth of crime rate, it has an extremely positive influence on country’s
economy and provides a large number of new jobs for the local people. I believe
that these benefits of tourism outweigh its drawbacks.

(299 words)

WRITING TASK 1 BAND 9 32