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## Unit 6 Post Test Study Guide KEY

1. a. In the
illustration,
which season
best describes
the Southern
Hemisphere in
December? The model shows Earth in several positions
SUMMER relative to the sun. Which season is it in
b. What season is the Northern Hemisphere North America at each position?
experiencing? 1: SPRING 2: SUMMER
WINTER 3: AUTUMN 4: WINTER
2. Label each of the following pictures as 9. On which day (name and date) does the
either rotation, revolution or neither. Northern Hemisphere receive the most
sunlight (have the longest daylight)?
SUMMER SOLSTICE, JUNE 21ST
10. Label each of the following Moon
Phases.

A. WAXING GIBBOUS

B. WAXING CRESCENT

## 3. How long does it take for the Earth to C. FULL MOON

rotate (spin) on its axis one time?
24 HOURS
4. How long does it take for the Earth to
revolve around the Sun one time? D. NEW MOON
365 ¼ DAYS
5. If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted
towards the sun, what season is it in the E. THIRD QUARTER
Northern Hemisphere?
SUMMER 11. How much of the moon’s bright side can
6. If it is July, what season is it in the you see during a new moon?
Southern Hemisphere? 0%, NONE
WINTER 12. Each night the moon phase changes.
7. Most of the Earth experience four What causes the moon phase to change each
seasons. What is the main cause for the night?
seasons on Earth? THE POSITIONS OF EARTH, MOON
THE TILT OF EARTH’S AXIS AND SUN
13. A student 20.
draws a model
showing the
movements of
Earth, the moon
and the sun.
What are the
effects of the
following arrows? On July 4, 1776, the American colonies
2: YEAR/SEASONS declared their independence. The table
3: MOON PHASES shows the lunar phases for June 1776.
4: DAY AND NIGHT What lunar phase occurred on July 4,
14. 1776? WANING GIBBOUS

21.

## The diagram shows four consecutive

moon phases. Draw the next four moon
phases in the correct order.

## 15. Describe the moon phase and (if

Draw the moon on this diagram so that a applicable) the eclipse for each letter.
third quarter moon would be visible from A: FULL MOON, LUNAR ECLIPSE
Earth. B: FIRST QUARTER MOON
C: WAXING CRESCENT MOON
D: NEW MOON, SOLAR ECLIPSE

## 22. Label each of the following with the

correct eclipse described.
Solar or Description
16. What is the moon’s phase during a Solar
Lunar
Eclipse?
NEW MOON SOLAR When the Moon casts a shadow on
the Earth.
17. What is the moon’s phase during a LUNAR When the Earth casts a shadow on
Lunar Eclipse? the Moon.
FULL MOON SOLAR When the moon travels between the
18. If you were outside during a total solar sun and the Earth.
eclipse, what would it look like? LUNAR The Moon turns a red color.
LIKE DAY HAD BECOME NIGHT SOLAR The moon blocks the sun's light from
the Earth in the middle of the day.
19. A TOTAL solar eclipse occurs when the
LUNAR The moon moves into the shadow of
Sun is completely obscured by the moon. the Earth during the night time hours.