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New Bolting

Tom Stirparo
Principal Application Consultant

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Overview

 Bolting Catalogues and Specifications are created in the


Paragon module, but the bolt lengths are calculated by
Isodraft during the generation of fabrication isometrics.

 Isodraft bolt length calculations are dependant on the


components Connection Compatibility Codes (COCOs).
Connections starting with, F, L, G or W.

 There are currently two methods for calculating bolts in


AVEVA Plant PDMS.
– Old Bolting
– New Bolting

This presentation will review the New Bolting method.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolting Heirarchy and Elements

O LT
B
E W O D S
N T H NT /*/* WORLD
ME EME
EL

CATA
CATA BLTA
BLTA Bolt Table

SECT
SECT
Bolt list BLIS LTAB
BLIS LTAB Length table

Bolt set BTSE


BTSE
STD bolt SBOL DTAB Diam table
SBOL DTAB
Bolt point BLTP
BLTP

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Sets and Points

 BTSE – The Bolt Set is the administrative element for the


‘NEW’ Bolting information. It owns Bolt Points (BLTP)
elements. BOLT SETS are not required for the ‘OLD’ Bolting
method.

 BLTP – The Bolt Points store the bolting


information for each bolt hole on the flange and has the
following attributes.

NUMBER The bolt hole number in the bolt circle


BDIA Bolt Diameter
BTHK The bolt length
BTYP The type of bolt (BOLT, MACH, STUD, CAP, JACK, TAP)

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Sets and Points (cont’d)

 Each SCOM has an attribute called Bolt Reference attribute


(BLRF) that points to a Bolt Set (BTSE)
 A BTSE represents the bolt set that is necessary for that
particular kind of flanged connection
 Each BTSE contains a list of Bolt Points (BLTP) holding
information for each single bolt
BLTP 1

BLTP 2
BLTP 8

BLTP 7
BLTP 3

BLTP 6
BLTP 4
BLTP 5

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Sets and Points (cont'd)

 Each Flanged and Wafer component along with


Flanged Nozzles will reference a Bolt Set (BTSE)
through their BLRF attribute.

 The BTHK (bolt length) for the first component will


be matched with the BTHK from the BLTP of the
component to which it is bolted in the design.

 There must be a BLTP for each bolt hole within a


component unless all bolts are identical.

 When the bolt holes are identical, the attributes


are set at the BTSE and BLTPs are not required.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Pipe Specification Changes

 The Piping Specification has an attribute BLTM


(Bolting Method) which must be set to ‘NEW’ and
a BSPEC (Bolting Specification) reference
attribute which should be set to the bolting
specification name.

 Piping Components, SPCOMs, within a piping


specification are no longer required to have their
Bolt Reference (BLTREF) attribute set.

 Bolting details are accessed via the BLRF


attribute of the catalogue component which will
point to a BTSE.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Pipe Specification Changes (cont'd)

SPECIFICATION /A

BLTM 'NEW‘ (indicates to Isodraft to use the NEW Bolting Method)

BSPEC /ABOLTS

HEADING

TYPE NAME PBOR1 SHOP STYP CATREF …….. BLTREF

DEFAULTS

- - - - =

FLAN */WNRF:2.0 2.00 TRUE WNF /AAFWBB0JJ =0/0


BTSE
BTSE/MB2-150
/MB2-150
BLTP
BLTP
NUMB
NUMB11
SCOM
SCOM/AAFWBB0JJ
/AAFWBB0JJ BDIA
BDIA0.75in
0.75in
BLRF
BLRF/MB2-150
/MB2-150 BTHK
BTHKRPRO
RPROFLTH
FLTH
BTYPE
BTYPEBOLT
BOLT

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Specification

The Purpose attribute of the Bolt Specification, BSPEC,


must be set to ‘BOLT’
SPECIFICATION /ABOLTS

HEADING

TYPE NAME BDIA BTYP BSEL CATREF DETAIL MATXT CMPREF BLTREF

DEFAULTS

- - - STUD A

BOLT */STUD-2 19.05 STUD A /S-BOLT-3/4 /L-STUD-D /BOLT-M =0/0 /S-BOLT.3/4

BOLT */NUT-10 19.05 NUT A /S-BOLT-3/4 /L-NUT-D /BOLT-M =0/0 =0/0

BOLT */WASH-14 19.05 WASH A /S-BOLT-3/4 /L-WASH-D /BOLT-M =0/0 =0/0

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Selection from Specification Criteria

 If the BTYP for both sides of a joint is set to BOLT, the


default bolt of the given diameter is used.

 If the BTYP for one side of the joint is set to BOLT and the
other side is set to anything other than BOLT, the type of bolt
specified by that BTYP will be used.
• As an example, a bolted through flange may have its BTYP set to BOLT,
and the mating flange may require CAP screws and have is BTYP set to
CAP. In this case, the CAP screw overrides the default type, and the
selected BTYP will be CAP.

 If both BTYPs are the same and are not set to BOLT, the bolt
with that BTYP is selected.

 If the BTYPs are not equal and are also not set to BOLT, the
BTYP from the start of the bolt is selected.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Additional Bolt Specification Selectors

 In addition to Bolt Specific Type and Diameter, a further


degree of bolt selection is allowed via the ‘BSEL’
attribute of a branch member.

 This attribute takes a value which can be used as the


answer to a BSEL selector in the Bolt Specification.

e.g. If the Pipe Specification dictates that the same


flange has black bolts indoors and galvanised bolts
outdoors, then BSEL attribute could be set to either ‘IN’
or ‘OUT’ at the flange, with entries for both bolts in the
Bolt Specification.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Additional Bolt Specification Selectors (cont’d)

HEADING
TYPE NAME BDIA BTYP BSEL CATREF DETAIL MATXT CMPREF BLTREF
DEFAULTS
- - - STUD =
BOLT */BOLT-S:15 15.00 STUD IN /BOLT /STUD-D /MAT-BOLT =0 /SBOL-STUD-15
BOLT */BOLTO-S:15 15.00 STUD OUT /BOLT /STUD-D /MAT-BOLT-OUT =0 /SBOL-STUD-15
BOLT */BOLT-C:15 15.00 CAP IN /CAP /CAP-D /MAT-CAP =0 /SBOL-CAP-15
BOLT */BOLTO-C:15 15.00 CAP OUT /CAP /CAP-D /MAT-CAP-OUT =0 /SBOL-CAP-15
BOLT */BOLT-W:15 15.00 WASH IN /WASH /WASH-D /MAT-WASH =0 /SBOL-WASH-15
BOLT */BOLTO-W:15 15.00 WASH OUT /WASH /WASH-D /MAT-WASH-OUT =0 /SBOL-WASH-15
BOLT */BOLT-N:15 15.00 NUT IN /NUT /NUT-D /MAT-NUT =0 /SBOL-NUT-15
BOLT */BOLTO-N:15 15.00 NUT OUT /NUT /NUT-D /MAT-NUT-OUT =0 /SBOL-NUT-15

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Selection Flow Chart

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Bolt Length Calculations

 There are 3 basic types of bolted connections to


considered for bolting length calculations.

 Standard Flange-Gasket-Flange

 General Wafer Components

 Components with Mixed Needs

Note:
The Pcon for Flanges and Flange Fittings must start with an ‘F’
or ‘L’
The Pcon for Gaskets must start with an ‘G’
The Pcon for Wafer fittings must start with a ‘W’

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Flange-Gasket-Flange Calculations

 Obtain the BTSE from the BLRF of the first flange.


Store this as BTSE1.
 Obtain the P1 to P2 distance for the Gasket.
 Obtain the BTSE from the BLRF of the second flange.
Store this as BTSE2.
Then for each bolt in the set
• Get the Bolt Points with the corresponding Number
• Check for the matching BDIA values
• Add the two values of the BTHK together
• Add the gasket thickness
• Select the bolt from the Bolt Specification and obtain its standard
rounded up length.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Wafer Component Calculations

 The calculation of bolts through wafer components is the


same as the standard flange-gasket-flange calculation,
with the following differences.

 If within the joint, a component’s connection type starts


with W (wafer), get its P1 to P2 distance, and go to the
next component.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Components with Mixed Needs Calculations

 The calculation of bolts through components with mixed


bolt needs is the same as the general wafer calculation, but
allows for different bolts in the set to stop at different places
within the joint. If the BTYP of the bolt is JACK, TAP, or
CAP, this will complete that particular bolt calculation.

 A subsequent BTYP of JACK, TAP or CAP for the same


bolt number further on in the joint triggers a new bolt.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Additional Bolting Item Calculations

 Once the accumulated flange and wafer thickness has


been calculated, the lengths of extra elements such as
nuts and washers are added.

 The Bolt Reference SBOLT, has the attributes, BITM,


BITL which stores the additional elements and their
respective lengths or thicknesses. The attribute XTRA
can store a value for extra thread lengths.
SBOL /BOLT3/4

XTRA 1/16

BITEM NUT WASH WASH NUT

BITL 3/4 1/16 1/16 3/4

NSTD /M3/4

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Components with Mixed Needs Calculations
(cont'd)
Wafer valve requiring 12 bolts.

4 machine bolts passing through the whole joint from


one flange to the other (Bolts 2, 3, 6, 7)

4 cap screws on each side of the valve, which secure


the valve to the flanges (Bolts 1, 4, 5, 8)

 Machine bolt lengths are based on the combined thickness of the 2


flanges, 2 gaskets, and the valve itself.
 Cap screw lengths are based on the thickness of a single flange and
gasket combined with the tapping depth in the valve body.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Components with Mixed Needs Calculations
(cont'd)
SBOL /SS-FAM-M
Xtra 0.1/8
Nstd /0.5/8
Bitems /WASH
Bitl 0.1/16

DTAB /0.5.8
Blengths 1in 1.1/4in 1.1/2in 1.3/4in 2in 2.1/4in 2.1/2in
2.3/4in 3in 3.1/4in

CAP
Bolt Length = Flange Thk + Tapping Depth + Gasket Thk +
Xlength + Washer Thk

0.15/16 + 0.5/8 + 0.1/16 + 0.1/8 + 0.1/16

29/16 = 1.13/16

2in (next available length from Dtab ./0.5/8

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Calculations at Nozzles

 Nozzle flanges are handled exactly the same way as


other flanges via a BLRF of the CATREF.

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.


Demo and Conclusion

 Paragon and Design Demo

 Questions and Answers

Copyright 2011 AVEVA Solutions Limited. All rights reserved.