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September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Thematic Area Active Teaching and Learning Approaches / Methodologies in FET

Suggested resources to support implementation of the thematic area in FET:

Theme/Topic Type Relevance Author/Source Web Link

Active Learning Ebook A collection of practical relevant Professional
Methodologies methodologies to engage a wide variety of Development tive%20methodology_0.pdf
learners. Methodologies include: Service for Teachers
Brainstorming, Questionnaires. A Visitor to (PDST)
the Classroom, Personal Interview, Learning
logs/diaries, Vox Pop, Out of school Visits,
Report Writing, Making a Presentation,
Case Studies, Group Work/Team
Work/Discussion Groups, Learning Centres
Graphic Organisers Ebook Graphic Organisers offer a visual medium PDST
and other Literacy, for learners to organise theoretical content les/PDST%20GRAPHIC%20ORGANI
Numeracy and AfL in a way that suits each individual’s learning SER%20ENG%20FINAL.pdf
Strategies in style. It can also form the basis for effective
Teaching and small group learning. This resource
Learning includes: Ranking Ladder, Stair Steps, Chain
of Linked Events, Fishbone, Cross
Classification Chart, Triple Venn Diagram,
and Research Grid. Other activities include:
Think - Pair - Share, Placemat Activity, Role
Cards, Bloom’s Taxonomy, KWL and
Anticipation Exercises

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Mind Mapping Website Helps learners structure their thoughts in
visual form. They can help learners become Melanie Pinola mind-maps-to-unleash-your-
more creative, remember more, and solve brains-creativity-1348869811
problems more effectively. This website
offers effective guidelines on this technique
Active Website Ideas to support learners with different National Adult
Methodologies to learning styles through active methods. It Literacy Association ting-literacy/approaches/active-
support Literacy offers an explanation of the VAK Model of (NALA) learning
learning styles
Creative Teaching Book An accessible compact guide offering Roy Watson-Davis
Pocketbook innovative approaches to suit a wide range edia_tp/preview/9781906610166(
of teaching contexts. Examples include: Preview).pdf
Classroom environment, starter activities,
Bloom’s taxonomy, Use of technology,
teamworking with students
The Teacher’s A resource packed with practical and Paul Ginnis
Toolkit - creative teaching strategies that bring an blications/the-teacher-s-toolkit
Raise Classroom element of fun to learning. The following
Achievement with capture a flavour of the content: Beat the
Strategies for Every Teacher, Calling Cards, Discussion Carousel,
Learner Guess Who, Hot-Seating, Marketplace, Pairs
to Fours.
Active Learning Website A useful web page with some active SERC (The Science
methodologies described in an accessible Education Resource gallerywalk/active.html
style. Examples include: Think Pair Share, Center, Carleton
Role Playing, Peer Review, Discussion,: Just College)
in Time Teaching, Game Based Learning.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

25 ways for Paper Helping learners create their own meaning Geoff Petty
Teaching Without in theory based lessons. It outlines the teachers/active-learning
Talking theory behind Active learning, presents a
rationale for its use and suggests practical
The Magenta Book This resource offers strategies to help Mike Hughes http://mikehughes-
Principles learning become more learner centred and
engaging. The Magenta Principles is an principles
umbrella phrase that refers to a philosophy
and an approach to teaching based upon
the premise that learning should be both
exciting and engaging, and that this can be
achieved through getting learners to think,
talk and do. Therefore, learners could be
asked to reduce it, change it, assemble it,
add to it, arrange it, sequence it, classify it…
the list goes on and on. The author also
offers from time to time a programme of
workshops in Ireland organised under the
auspices of NAPD
Personal EBook Whilst focussed on the theme of PERL (Partnership http://www.consumerclassroom.e
Consumption and sustainable development and responsible for Education and u/sites/default/files/attachment/4
Climate Change living this resource offers a selection of Research about 156/2013/12/04/Personal_Consum
Images and Objects clearly outlined practical teaching Responsible Living ptionToolkit_nr.2.pdf
Active methodologies that can be applied in a
Methodology range of learning contexts. These include:
Toolkit 2 Meet in The Middle, Visual Carousel, What’s
in Your Wardrobe?

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Images and Objects Ebook Whilst written for facilitators and teachers Miriam O’Donohue http://www.developmenteducatio
Toolkit interested in Education for Sustainable and Mella Cusak
Development this resource, presents a olkit[1].pdf
rationale for the use of active
methodologies, particularly the use of
images and objects as a methodology to
stimulate learner engagement in any topic.
It offers a worthwhile insight into the
application of this methodology.
Furthermore, it includes a starter kit of
sample images.
Adult Learning Paper This paper concentrates on active methods Malcom Knowles
Techniques to present material to students. It outlines 8 s/summits_events/CallforContent/
key principles of adult learning. It suggests pdf/AdultLearningTips.pdf
ways in which teaching can shift to
facilitator rather than lecturer. It examines
how adults learn and includes a useful list of
practical strategies that include: Body
Voting, Case Studies, Jigsaw Grouping
Brainstorming, and Human Spectagram.
What is website Cooperative learning is the instructional use David W Johnson
Cooperative of small groups so that students work and Roger T Johnson
Learning? together to maximize their own and each learning
other’s learning. This web page gives a
succinct introduction to the concept of
cooperation in the classroom to enhance
learning and social development. It offers
definitions and outlines some of the most
popular models.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Cooperation in the Book The power of working in groups: - For those Johnson, Johnson,
Classroom whose appetite for cooperative learning has and Holubec ation-Classroom-Revised-David-
been whetted by the website above, this Johnson/dp/0939603047
book is considered to be the foremost text
book on the subject by the most renowned
researchers in the field.
Active Learning for Paper This paper, which focuses on active and Donald R. Paulson
the College cooperative learning adopts the approach and Jennifer L. Faust em/chem2/Active/index.htm
Classroom of suggesting methodologies that
supplement rather than replace traditional
teaching methods. Methodologies include:
One Minute Paper, Muddiest (or Clearest)
Point. It also offers a worthwhile
explanation of and suggestions on
Questioning and Immediate Feedback.
The Ebook The flipped classroom model adopts an Flipped Classroom http://flippedclassroomworkshop.c
Free Flipped approach in which the typical lecture and om/wp-
Teaching & homework elements of a course are content/uploads/FREE_Flipped_Te
Learning reversed. Short video lectures are viewed m aching_Resources_eBook_(2015).p
Resources Ebook by students at home before the class df
session, while in-class time is devoted to
exercises, projects, or discussions. This
resource offers a worthwhile explanation
for teachers interested in developing their
practice in this area. It includes: The digital
dimension, classroom practice and meeting
the challenges.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

A Brief Summary of Website This webpage, written for a college context Tom Drummond
the Best Practices presents a collection of practices that resources/articles-books/best-
in College Teaching constitute excellence in college teaching. practice/instructional-
The ideas are presented as ideas rather methods/best-practices-summary
than an in-depth examination of each
method. It includes: lecture practices, group
discussion, thoughtful questioning,
rewarding learner participation, active
learning strategies and cooperative group
Teaching and Ebook Developed particularly for the Further Education
Learning in Further Education Sector in Ireland, this resource urcesForTutors/TeachingandLearni
and Higher presents a comprehensive theoretical basis ngInFurtherAndHigherEducation.p
Education on which Further Education teachers can df
develop their practice

Useful Organisations:
Name Contact Information
National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NCCA)
Professional Development Service for Teachers (PDST)
National Adult Literacy Agency (NALA)
Times Educational Supplement (TES)

MOOCs (Massive Online Open Courses)

Free access to online courses
Search regularly for new courses and new start dates

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Thematic Area Active Teaching and Learning Approaches / Methodologies in FET

Suggested resources to support implementation of the thematic area in FET:

Theme/Topic Type Relevance Author/Source Web Link

Motivating Video/ As an educator you need to be aware of Jasmine Gomez What motivates our Adult Learners:
Adult Learners Presentation what motivates our adult learners, before Youtube
you plan your active learning activities. 2015 K9QSjnGdXc
This video presentation gives an insight and
tips on how to establish what motivates
adult learners.
Motivating International This research highlights eight factors that Dr Sogunro, O.A. Motivation Factors:
Factors for Journal of have potential to motivate students in Central Connecticut
Adult Learners Higher higher education. These factors include State University .pdf
in Higher Education quality of instruction, quality of curriculum, 2015
Education Vol. No. 1 relevance and pragmatism, interactive
classrooms and effective management
practices, progressive assessment and
timely feedback, self-directedness,
conducive learning environment, and
effective academic advising practices.
They each have some motivationally
productive impact on active learning.
Strategies to Website 17 Tips to actively motivate adult C. Pappas Active strategies:
motivate Adult eLearning learners that FE educators could try in their 17 Tips To Motivate
Learners Industry active teaching and learning approaches. Adult Learners motivate-adult-learners

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Instructional Article This article explores “What do we know Ginsberg, M.B. CAEL Forum and News, November 2009
Innovation that CAEL Forum about instructional innovation that University of online:
enhances and News, enhances motivation and performance Washington-Seattle
motivation and November among diverse adult learners?” & Wlodkowski, R.J. s/ProfessionalLearning.pdf
active learning 2009 The authors have responded in the form of Emeritus Regis
a motivational framework with conditions University
that they believe are essential to eliciting 2009
diverse adult learners’ intrinsic motivation
to actively learn.
Steps on How to Video/ Active learning classrooms require different Youtube Video Steelcase Education
teach in an Presentation planning and teaching strategies than Steelcase Education
Active Learning traditional classrooms. Steelcase Education 2015 aOW5ho
Classroom offers a few basic steps to get started.
Success in an Active Learning Classroom
– 4 Steps:
1. Start with learning objective.
2. Use multiple pedagogies.
3. Leverage digital and analogue tools.
4. Increase access between instructor and
Active Learning Article / Blogg Point 6 on this article explains effective Tom Drummond North Carolina's urban research university
Strategies PDF Document ways to foster active, constructive UNC Charlotte is
participation. As research shows we learn North Carolina's resources/articles-books/best-
by doing. Learning is a Constructing process. urban research practice/instructional-methods/best-
Here are the choices available in the university practices-summary
literature on teaching. The problem lies 1995
selecting the type of activity to match the
purpose the teacher has in mind.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Effective Active Web This practical teaching video demonstrates Youtube Video Web Link -
Learning Video Active Learning in a classroom setting. University South Effective Active Learning Techniques -
Techniques Practical class Techniques explored such as guided Carolina CTE Published on Nov 6, 2012
demonstration questioning, think-pair-share, one-minute 2012
paper, and other such exercises improve mBq2U9No
student retention of material, and can
enhance the traditional lecture format.
However, active learning strategies can be
difficult for new teaching assistants to
implement because they require
preparation and skills in guiding and
moderating the learning activity.

This workshop examines the planning

system necessary to incorporate such
activities, and attendees actively participate
in numerous active learning techniques
applicable to a wide range of classroom
settings. This video also gives helpful tips on
what you can do, how to do it, and why
active learning in the classroom is
important to student learning.
Designing In- Web Article This excellent PDF resource document gives University of Designing In-Class Activities: Examples of
Class Activities: PDF examples of Active Learning activities for Pittsburgh’s TA Active Learning Activities A workshop
Examples of classes, individual activities, group Services: Center for
Active Learning activities, activities to promote class Instructional content/uploads/2014/04/Designing_In-
Activities discussion and activities to end a class. Development and
Distance Education

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

How to Promote Web Article / Informative article on how to promote Standford University How to promote Active Learning
Active Learning Blog “Active learning” in our classroom. Published 2016
It means that our students engage with the sources/learning-resources/promoting-
material, participate in the class, and active-learning
collaborate with each other. We should
not expect your learners simply to listen
and memorise; instead, have them help
demonstrate a process, analyse an
argument, or apply a concept to a real-
world situation.
Key elements:
=>Facilitate independent, critical and
creative thinking.
=>Encourage effective group collaboration.
=>Increase student investment, motivation
and performance.
Active Learning Web Articles / This Web article discusses in detail the Chris O’Neal and Active Learning continuum:
continuum PDF File Active Learning Continuum; the PDF Tershia Pinder-
document graphically represents the Grover, Center for l
relative complexity of different active Research on
learning techniques. It also provides brief Learning and PDF File:
descriptions for each of the activities on the Teaching, University
continuum. The website also includes of Michigan iles/resource_files/Active%20Learning%20
videos demonstrating active learning and 2016 Continuum.pdf
student engagement in the classroom.
Teaching Web Articles Techniques are explored in this article that Donald R. Paulson & Web Link -
Techniques - can very easily be used without interrupting Jennifer L. Faust Techniques/Exercises of Active Learning:
Active Learning the flow of the class. California State
Exercises which University, L.A. 2016 em2/Active/index.htm

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

give feedback These active teaching techniques are

on students particularly useful in providing the
understanding facilitator of learning with feedback
and retention of concerning student understanding and
material. retention of material.
=> The "One Minute Paper" ask a student to
respond quickly to a question like "What
was the main point of today’s lesson
=> Muddiest (or Clearest) Point.
=> Affective Response, asking students to
report their reactions to some facet of the
course material.
=> Daily Journal for more in-depth
discussion of or reaction to course material.
=> Reading Quiz, the reading quiz can also
be used as an effective measure of student
=> Clarification Pauses, this is a simple
technique aimed at fostering "active
=> Response to a demonstration or other
teacher activity, the students are asked to
write a paragraph that begins with: I was
surprised that ... I learned…..
An Active Web Blog The active learning classroom is alive with Global Digital Citizen Active Learning Classroom:
Learning Active creativity, focus and a desire to learn. Foundation
Classroom Learning GDC Team 2015 learning-classroom-8-essential-elements

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Classroom: 8 Our role of teacher changes to facilitator of Resources:

Essential learning. The teacher moves around the
Elements classroom space as a facilitator/mentor.
1. Student-centred.
2. Exploring and discovering knowledge and
3. Highly collaborative.
4. The HOTS (higher-order thinking skills)
are at the top of Bloom’s Taxonomy. These
skills are the critical thinking skills.
5. The active learning classroom is a
reflection of the digital world we all live in.
There are no boundaries and no distance.
6. The aim is to shift the responsibility for
learning to the student. A teacher cannot
and should not do everything for the
student. At some point, they have to trust
they can let go of the wheel without their
students crashing into a wall. That is what
the shift is all about—trust, respect, and
belief in our students.
7. Adapts to the needs of learners,
Differentiated instruction.
8. Classroom does not look or feel
traditional. The rows of desks are gone in
favour of larger group gathering spaces,
workstations and research areas.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Changing your Web Article To enable student-centred active learning John Student-Centered Learning: It Starts
role as teacher & Blog classrooms, actively involve students in McCarthy With the Teacher –
to facilitator/ planning, implementation, and Edutopia -
consultative to assessments. George Lucas centered-learning-starts-with-teacher-
enable a Educational john-mccarthy
student-centred The teachers need to decide if they will Foundation,
Active Learning "share" power by empowering learners. U.S.
classrooms This can be achieved by: 2015

1. Allow students to share in decision

making. Placing students at the centre of
their own learning.
2. Believe in our students' capacity to lead,
Give’s students the chance to take charge of
activities, even when they may not quite
have all the content skills.
3. Recognize that students are reflections of
us as learners. When educators feel that
their professional experiences are
respected during workshops and courses,
their buy-in and involvement increases.
4. Give up the need for control. This is a
difficult challenge to give up control of your
classroom, but what is needed is the
teacher commitment to reflect on practices
that support students taking the lead.
Flipped Web Research How we can change our class delivery Núria Hernández- Students’ Satisfaction with a Blended
Classroom to Article and methods as professionals, engage the Nanclares Instructional Design: The Potential of
Videos. “Flipped Classroom” approach by creating “Flipped Classroom” in Higher Education.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

promote Active an active learning environment using Mónica Pérez- http://www-

Learning technology to change the conditions in which Rodríguez
teaching and learning is conducted for Further Open University -
Education students. Journal of
interactive Media in
Technology is used outside the classroom to Education –
deliver content and this is an efficient way to The Open University,
prepare students for classroom activities, it United Kingdom -
increases the class time available for student- 2015
centred active teaching. Flipping the
The web articles analyses how the “Flipped Classroom: vc6qhTds
Classroom” improves active learning for our Explained by Media
students, examples Further Education students Core - 2012
are asked to watch lecture videos at home Why I Flipped My
instead of during normal class time, students Classroom LuipTwg
are then asked to prepare an written evaluation Lodge McCammon
based on the videos, for next class. 2011
An important aspect of the “Flipped Classroom” What a “flipped”
is that students have to be prepared to go to classroom looks like 3W_2F_4
classroom. Most of their first contact with the Published on Dec 11,
material happens through previous self- 2013
regulated work so this type of approach Clintondale High,
demands higher levels of student responsibility. Detroit, is a
The students show a positive attitude towards completely flipped
this blended learning design, especially with school.
respect to the motivational power of PBS NewsHour
technology usage and the practical implications 2013
of the active learning aspect.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Wide Range of PDF Article Page 22 of Article - Managing the group. Facilitating learning: Facilitating learning: Teaching and learning
teaching Understanding a little about the internal Teaching and methods PDF:
methods which dynamics of the group and how to manage learning methods
could be applied different learners will make group working Author: e-learning/small-group-
to actively more effective. There are some common Judy McKimm MBA, teaching/Facilitating_learning_teaching_-
engage adult problems with communications which can MA (Ed), BA (Hons), _learning_methods.pdf
learners. be helped by active facilitation by the Cert Ed.
teacher. Page 29 of Article - How to London
encourage active learning. Start by asking e-learning/improve-your-lecturing/how-
participants to brainstorm problems which 2007 to-encourage-active-learning
remain unresolved from the previous
lecture or raise questions from the previous
lecture or reading assignment. Gives a
demonstration, uses cases and examples,
show a film or videotape segment or use an
audio recording. Use other types of group
work similar to those used for small groups.
Ask students to stop taking notes before
the end of the lecture and then ask them to
reconstruct on a blank piece of paper, as
much of the lecture as possible – either in
outline form or diagrammatically. This
forces participants to review and
consolidate key points and discover points
for review. Encourage participation
through: Questions and quizzes. Handouts
and diagrams. Data analysis and
interpretation. Brainstorms and buzz group.
Problems and cases.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Presentation Web Links Microsoft PowerPoint can be used to create Free active
E-Tools to assist presentation, however there are other tools teaching/learning
Active Learning: available for teachers and students to software online
create engaging and interactive 2016
presentations. Prezi is a very easy to use,
freely available package that allows
teachers and students to develop
interactive presentations and assists active
learning through enabling collaborative
Thinglink is an interactive media platform
that empowers publishers, educators,
brands, and bloggers to create more
engaging content by adding rich media links
to photos and videos.
Collaborative Web Links These E-Tools assist a group of learners to Free active
writing E-Tools privately write documents together, Google teaching/learning
to assist Active docs and also tools that allow any individual software online
Learning: to contribute and edit documents such as 2016
Wikipedia or Mediawiki. The tools can be mediawiki.or
used for the public and private writing, by iki
changing privacy settings. Collaborative
writing tools are ideal for active learning
group projects. It is easy for the teacher to /Web%202.0/Tricider.pdf
monitor each individual’s contribution, and
you only have to read and assess a single
finished assignment, which leads to better
use of teacher time. Tricider is a free ‘social

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

voting tool’ for generating ideas and making

E-Tools to assist Web Links Many e-tools are available to allow users to Free active
active learning answer questions, provide comments and teaching/learning
within the share content from mobile devices, tablets, software online
classroom mobile phones, laptops and PCs. Many 2016
educators have successfully used tools such
as Nearpod, Socrative and Poll Everywhere
to engage students in interactive activities Socrative by Mastery
example quizzes, polls. These E-Tools can Connect
be very powerful for assessing active Higher education
learning and checking student’s level of plans igher-ed
understanding on topic area.
Social network Web Links Most of our students are using social Free active
E-Tools to assist network to contact our friends and family. teaching/learning
active learning As teachers we could harness these social software online
on a 24/7 basis tools to support active learning, especially 2016
tools such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram,
Hootsuite for Education and Buffer.
These e-tools would allow our FE learners
to share questions and have discussions
about learning.

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

E-Tools to assist Web Links Video conferencing tools, Google Hangouts Free active
collaborative and Skype allow 10 students to join a teaching/learning
active on-line synchronous video call, with use of screen software online
working in sharing and comments. This enables 2016
groups: creative active learning and is incredibly
powerful for small group tutorials. Video
e-tools can allow learners who need
flexibility to join learning activities when
they might not otherwise be able to.
Future Web Interview Look at #12 - Dr. Lennie Scott-Webber Steelcase Inc.
Classroom Lab Video Looks at how design your active classroom Dr. Lennie Scott-
Interviews on that empower learning. See the interview Webber, Director of
using to find out how evidenced-based design Education
technology to methodologies and knowledge of how we Environments
create an active learn can be used to create better learning
learning environments.
environment Look at #11 - Warren Barkley Video SMART Technologies
Focus on active, collaborative, problem Warren Barkley, the
solving skills, allowing students to be team Chief Technology
players for the future. Officer

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Look at #8 - Diana Laurillard Institute of

Investigates the need to support innovated Education,
practices in the classroom, teachers are the University of London
drivers of innovation; teachers commission Diana Laurillard,
various types of technology to aid active Professor of
learning, the teacher pushing the ideas and Learning with Digital
facilitates learning. 2025 Classrooms will Technologies 2015
have the best social places, where students
direct their own learning, exploring ideas,
not sitting passively and listening, the active
learning is orchestrated by the teacher.
Teachers explore methods of learning and
learn from other colleagues.
Designing the PDF Article BYOD Bring Your Own Device – PDF guide, European Schoolnet
Future developed by European Schoolnet outlines Interactive 10/BYOD+report_Oct2015_final.pdf
Classroom how students can actively engage in Classroom Working
learning by using their own technology Group (ICWG) 2015
Inside Active Web This video demonstrates how Active University of
Learning Video Learning Classrooms work; it explains the Minnesota 2012 oiuY8w&
Classrooms physical design of the active learning
classroom. With round tables for discussion
and high-tech accessories for interactivity
and collaborative working.
What is Blended Web Video This video outlines the benefits of Blending Laguna Blanca
Learning? Learning (using the right technology to School, USA. lvF44
enhance the learning experience for FE Frederic Skrzypek

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

learners). It discusses how the traditional Director of

face 2 face (F2F) learning, can be effectively Technology 2013 ToF97RA
merged with the use of technology to
actively engage students. It outlines how
the internet has enabled access to flexible zGDkWaI1FWhLNJ9XkbLA
online learning, which enables active
collaborative learning.
FE learners’ Web blog/ In Further Education there is a challenge of Jisc
expectations Web Article ensuring that our students experience using Joint Information the-digital-student-experience/context
and experiences technology is positive and engaging. Systems Committee
of technology We need to provide support for all users, 2015
including a relevant digital curriculum and a Jisc
robust, flexible learning environment. Joint Information enhance-your-students-experience-11-
Jisc has produced a brief for FE college Systems Committee mar-2013?from=promo
leaders and managers on FE learner
expectations and experiences of Mark Stubbs -
technology, outlining the key challenges Jisc
and learning provider solutions as well as a Joint Information ital_student_brief_2015.pdf
more comprehensive report of the FE digital Systems Committee
student study. Jisc
Joint Information
Systems Committee

Digital resources

September 2016: Compiled by FET staff on behalf of FESS

Useful Organisations:
Name Contact Information
The Centre for Teaching Excellence, University
Avenue West Waterloo, ON, Canada
PDST – Professional Development Service for

NUIM Maynooth University, Co. Kildare.

University College Dublin
The Teaching Council, Maynooth, Co. Kildare.
Department of Education and Skills, Dublin.

MOOCs (Massive Online Open Courses)

Free access to online courses. Search regularly for new
courses and new start dates. Most courses are free.
Charge often applies if assessment and certification is required.
MOOCs provide excellent flexible online CPD for individuals or
resources that can support active teaching and learning.