Anda di halaman 1dari 280

SERBIAN-ENGLISH

ENGLISH- SERBIAN
POCKET DICTIONARY

alifornia LOUIS CAHEN


'ional

lity
Dzepni
Srpsko-Engleski i
Englesko-Srpski
Recnik
Sastavio

LU! KAEN

U LONDONU

IZDANJE KEGANA PAVLA, TRENCA, TRUBNERA I DRUSTVA


1920

Serbian-English and English-Serbian


Pocket Dictionary

By
LOUIS CAHEN

LONDON
KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., LTD.
6&-74, CARTER LANE, E.C. ; AND 25, MUSEUM STREET, W.C
1920
First Edition, June 1916;

Second Impression (Revised), October 1916


Third Impression, January 1918
Fourth Impression, October 1919
PREFACE
THE Slavonic languages form one of the groups of the great family of
Indo-European languages, to which most of the other European languages
also belong.
The Slavonic languages fall into three divisions the eastern, western,
and southern. To the eastern division belongs Russian (Great Russian
and Little Russian or Ruthenian) ; to the western division, Polish,
Bohemian, and Lusatian-Wendish (still spoken in parts of Saxony and
Prussia); and to the southern division, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian, and
Bulgarian.
Slovene is spoken by about one and a half million people in the Austrian
provinces of Istria, Carniola, and Carinthia ; Serbo-Croatian is spoken
throughout the Austrian province of Dalmatia, the Hungarian provinces
of Croatia and Slavonia, the joint Austro-Hungarian territories of
Bosnia and Hercegovina, in the southern parts of the kingdom of Hungary
(known as the Banat and Badka), throughout the kingdoms of Serbia
and Montenegro and in parts of Macedonia altogether by about nine
;

million people. Bulgarian is spoken throughout Bulgaria and in parts


of Macedonia by about five millions.
Of these three languages which form the southern division of the
Slavonic languages, Slovene and Serbo-Croatian are very similar both in
vocabulary and structure on the other hand, Serbo-Croatian and Bul-
;

garian, though they contain a large number of words common to both


languages, are very dissimilar in grammar.
The Slav nations employ two different alphabets, the Latin and that
known as the Cyrillic, so-called because its author is assumed to have
been the Greek missionary St. Cyril, a native of Salonika, who, with his
brother St. Methodius, was sent by the Church at Constantinople, in the
ninth century, to convert the Slavs who inhabited the basin of the Danube.
After the division of the Churches the Slav nations fell into two
sections, those who had been converted from and owed allegiance to
Constantinople, and those who stood in a similar position to Rome. The
first section included the Russians and the Bulgarians, the second the
Poles, Bohemians, and the Slovenes.
The Serbo-Croatian people was divided between the two, that part of
it which lay more to the east and nearer Constantinople, i.e. roughly
speaking the kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and the eastern parts
of Bosnia and Hercegovina, became incorporated in the Eastern Orthodox
Church at Constantinople, while that part of it which lay more to the
west and nearer Rome, that is, roughly speaking, the western parts of
Bosnia and Hercegovina, Dalmatia, Croatia, and Slavonia, fell under
the influence of the Western or Roman Church. It thus happened that
the Serbo-Croatian people, which was ethnically and linguistically one,
became, from the point of view ot religion and civilization, divided into
iii

2071925
Iv PREFACE
two halves, which came to be differentiated and known under their old
tribal names of Serbs or Serbians (Srbi) and Croats or Croatians (Hrvati).
It thus, further, has come about that their language, now generally
known as Serbo-Croatian, which is essentially one and the same, is written
in both alphabets, Latin and Cyrillic, while each of the other of the
Slavonic languages is only written either in Latin or Cyrillic characters.
The Serbo-Croatian language, written in Latin characters as taught
in the schools where Roman Catholics predominate, i.e. in the western
part cf the Serbo-Croatian territory, is called Croatian written in
Cyrillio characters as taught in the eastern Orthodox half of the Serbo-
Croatian territory it is called Serbian. That is to say, the same language
can be written in either alphabet.
The Cyrillic alphabet has this advantage over the Latin, that it
represents each sound in the language by one complete letter, while the
Latin alphabet has recourse to accents placed over certain consonants
to represent some sounds, and double consonants to represent others.
But as the Latin alphabet with these additions accurately and scientifi-
cally represents the sounds of the language, the language can be learnt
just as well from a book printed in Latin as in Cyrillic characters ; in
fact, for many who may not have time to learn the Cyrillic characters
at once, it is more practical to make a first acquaintance with the language
in the Latin alphabet.
But it must be remembered that not only are the characters of the two
alphabets dissimilar, but also their order is largely different that of the
;

Latin or Croatian alphabet is of course the same as our own, while that
of the Cyrillic or Serbian alphabet is, with certain modifications owing
to the introduction of new letters, the same as that of the Greek alphabet,
on which, indeed, it is modelled.
Grammars and dictionaries for use in Croatia use the order of the
Latin alphabet ; those for use in Serbia and Montenegro use the order
of the Cyrillic alphabet. The present volume, though for reasons of
immediate utility printed in the Latin or Croatian alphabet, is intended
for use primarily in the eastern parts of the Serbo-Croatian territory,
and therefore follows the order of the Serbian or Cyrillic alphabet, which
is here given in full with its Latin or Croatian equivalents.
THE SERBO-CROATIAN ALPHABET

N.B. In Serbian words of more than one syllable the accent never falls
on the last syllable, while in .words of two or three syllables it
almost invariably falls on the first.
SERBIAN-ENGLISH
A, A.
a conj., but, and
: akcija : f., action
abonos m., ebony : alat m., tool, implement
:

avaj int., oh : ! album m., album :

avgust m., August : ali :


conj., but
avet : f., -inja, f., ghost, phantom alkohol m., alcohol:

avlija f., court, court-yard


: alum inij urn : m., aluminium
asja m., aga
: amam : m.,hammam, Turkish bath
a^enat m., agent :
andjeo, andjel m., angel :

atrent m., commercial-traveller


:
andjelski :
adj., angelic
cgencija f., agency : antikvar : m., antiquary
ad m., hell
:
apelacija f., court of appeal :

ada f., : island, islet apetit m., appetite


:

advokat m., advocate, barrister :


apostol : m., apostle
adidjar : m., jewel apoteka : f., chemist's shop
administrator m., administrator, apotekar m., chemist : :

manager april : m., April


adminisfracija f., administration, aps m., gaol, prison, lock-up
: :

management apsandiija m., gaoler, warder :

admiral : m., admiral apsiti to arrest, seize, imprison :

adresa : f., address arhiva f., archives :

adresovati to address armija f., army


: :

adjutant : m., adjutant, aide -de- arsenal m., arsenal :

camp arsenik m., arsenic :

aiija : f., exchange, agio arterija f., artery :

azbuka : f., alphabet


f., artillery ; konjidka artilerija :

aj int.,
: oh ! ah
, horse artillery !

ajvar m., caviar : artilerist m., artilleryman :

akademija f., academy; vojena arhijepiskop m., archbishop


: :

military academy
, arhimandrit m., archimandrite :

ako conj., if, in case, on condition, arsin m., ell


: :

when i although, in spite of ; asfalt : m., asphalt


; ,

samo , provided that atlas m., atlas :

akt m., act, deed


: atmosfera f., atmosphere :

akcenat m., accent asov : in., spade, shovel


:

B, B.
baba grandmother, old woman baburaSa f., toad
: f., :

babica f., midwife baviti se


: to stop, stay, dwell :

babo m., papa, father:


bagav, -a, -o adj., crippled, maimed :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James i as s in measure j as y in you


:
; :
;

Ij as in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church


li ; u as oo
in room h BS rh in loch c as is in ca/. ;
; as sh in shout. ;

3
'
bag] [her

bagans : f.,lamb's skin bast a : f., garden


badava : adv., free of charge, gratis, bastovan :
gardener
in.,
in vain beba : f., baby
badnjak : m., Yule log beg m., beg
:

badnji dan m., badnje ve6e, n., :


begati to flee, to fly, run away
:

Christmas Eve m., fugitive, refugee


baza f., base
:
begunac, -nca m., fugitive, refucroe :

bazar m., bazaar


: beda f., distress, misery, mid-
:

bajalac m., magician : fortune


bajalica f., witch : bedan, -dna, -dno adj., miserable, :

bajonet m., bayonet : unfortunate, poor


bakalin : m., grocer bedno adv., miserably, poorly
:

bakalnica f., grocer's shop : bezati to flee, to escape


:

bakar : m., copper bez prep, (gen.), without


:

bakaran, -rna, -rno : adj., copper bezakon, -a, -o adj., illegal :

baklja : f., torch bezboinik m., atheist :

baksiS m., gratuity, tip, fee


:
bezbojan, -jna, -jno adj., colour- :

bala f., bale


: less
balega: f., filth, dirt bezbriian, -zna, -4no adj., care- :

balkon m., balcony : less, free of trouble, heedless


banka f., bank, 10 dinar note
:
bezbrojan, -jna, -jno ailj., innu- :

bankar m., banker :


merable, countless
banket : m., banquet bezvodan, -dna, -dno adj., water- :

bankrot m., bankrupt : less, arid


bankrotirati : to fail, become bank- bezgreSan, -na, no adj., innocent :

rupt bezduan, -na, -no :


adj., unfeel-
banja f., bath (thermal)
:
ing, heartless
bar adv., at least
: bezimen, -a, -o :
adj., nameless
bar an m., ram :
anonymous
barjak m., standard, flag, ensign
: bezobrazan, -zna, -zno : adj., impu-
barjaktar : m., standard-bearer, dent, insolent, impertinent, rude
ensign bezobraznost : f., impudence, rude-
barka f., barque, sea boat
: ness
baroka f., wig :
bezuman, -mna, -mno adj., ab- :

barometar m., barometer surd, senseless


:

barut m., gunpowder


: bezdimni bezumlje n., nonsense, absurdity ; :

, smokeless powder bezuspean, -dna, -sno adj., un- :

basna f., fable, tale


: successful
bataljon : m., battalion belara : f., laundress
baterija : f., battery beleznica f., note-book :

batina : f., stick, a blow with a beliti : to whiten


stick, hit belo iito : n., corn, cereals
batinati : to beat with a stick bengalska vatra : f., Bengal lights
bacati to throw, throw down,
:
beo, bela, belo adj., white :

away bepka f., bep6e, n., doll, bu';y


:

bacva : tub, vat f., berba f., vintage, harvest


:

baeVar m., cooper


: berberin m., barber, hairdresser
:

bafi : adv., exactly, just, precisely ; berbernica f., barber's shop :

i da, i kad,
although stock exchange berza : f.,

Pronounce dj, dt, as in James ; i as a in measure j as y in you ;


:
_;' ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as <xi


; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; a as ah in shout. ;


bcs] 5 [blj

bes m., rage, fury hydrophobia


:
blagajnica : f., treasury, cash-office
besan, -sna, -sno adj.. furious : m., festival :
blagdan
violent blago n., treasure, riches :

beskucnik m., tramp, vagabond blago: adv., bla;*o moni, what luck ! :

besmrtan, -tna, -tno adj., im- Blacjovest : f., Blagovestenje, 11., :

mortal The Annunciation, Lady l)ay


besmislen, -a, -o :
adj., senseless, blagodaran, -rna, -rno : adj.,
absurd, stupid thankful, grateful
besplatan, -tna, -tno adj., gratui- blagodarenje n., Te Deum : :

tous, free of charge blagodariti to thank :

be:--p!a.tno adv., gratia blagodarnost f., gratitude, thank-


: :

bespoflsn, -a, -o adj., idle, leisured fulness :

besraman, -mna, -mno : adj., blagodusan, -sna, -Sno : adj., kind,


shameless, unashamed kind-hearted
becar m., bachelor :
blagorodan, -dna, -dno adj., noble, :

becka f., small barrel, keg, cask


: illustrious
bescast f., dishonour, infamy :
blagoslov m., blessing :

besc'ostan, -tna, -tno dishonour- blagosloviti to bless : :

able, infamous blagost : f., kindness, clemency


biber m., pepper
:
bla-jcostinja f., charity, goodness :

biblija f., Biblo : blazeni, -a, -o adj., the late (of :

bibliotfka f., library dead people); blazeni kralj, the


:

bibliotckar m., librarian late king


:

bivo : m., buffalo blatan, -tna, -o : adj., muddy


bik m., bull
: blato n., mud :

bilijar m., billiard-table


:
igrati bled adj., pale, pallid ;
:

bilijara, to play billiards bledeti to become pale :

bilion m., billion : bledost f., bledo6a f., paleness, : :

bilo n., pulse


:
pallor
biljejra f., postage stamp : blize adv., nearer :

biraliste n., polling booth


: bliziti se : to approach, draw near
biranjo n., election
:
bliznj, -i, -a, -o :
adj., the next,
birati : to choose, elect neighbouring
birafi : m., elector blizak, bliska, -sko : adj., near,
biser : m., pearl close by, at hand
biskup m., bishop
:
bliz, -anak, -anac, -nak : m., twin
bistar, -tra, -tro adj., clear, :
pure brother
biti to be, exist ; kako ste ?
: How blizanci : f. pi., twins
i'TDi you 1 blizanica.bliznakinja f., twin sister :

biti (bi] em): to beat, to strike, hit' blizu adv. and prep, (gen.), near,
:

biti se (bijom se): to fight near by sa svim blizu, quite near ;

bitka : f., battle, combat, conflict blistav, -a, -o :


adj., brilliant,
bi6e boing, existence
: n., splendid
m., whip, riding whip, scourge blitva f., beetroot :

bicevati ( cujem) to whip, fla- bludnica f., prostitute :


!

gellate bludan, -dim, -dno adj., debauched, j


:

blag, -a, -o amiable, sweet, kind lewd :

blagajnik m., paymaster, cashier, Muza: f., tunic, blouse


:

treasurer bljuvati to be sick, vomit :

Pronounce dj, d2, as j in Jamc* i as s in measure j as y in you ;


: ; :

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


; ;

in room h as ch in l'>ch c as te in cats


; s as sh in khout. ; ;
blj] I
[bid.

bljutav, -tva, -tvo :


adj., nasty, >olnica : f., hospital, infirmary
nauseous )olniSar m., bolniearka, f., hos-
:

bob m., bean, berry


:
pital nurse
bobica f., berry, grain: jolovati to get ill, to bo ill, sicken
:

bobuk m., bubble, blister


:
x>lje adv.,
: better ; ili boljo, or
Bog m., God ; Boze, vocative
: rather tim bolje, so much the
bogat, -a, -o : adj., rich, opulent better; bolje mu je, he is better
bogata m., a rich man :
jolj, -i, -a, -e :
adj. (comp. of do'oar).
bogatstvo : n., riches, fortune, better ; najbolji, the best
abundance m., pine-tree Dor :

boginja f., goddess : sora f., fold, pleat :

boginje f. pi., smallpox :


Doranija f., French beans :

Bogojavljenje n., Epiphany, borba : f., fight, combat, struggle.


:

Twelfth Night battle


Bogorodica : f., The Virgin Mary borik m., pine forest :

bogoslovlje n., theology aoritise : to fight


:

bogoslovija f., seminary sorov, -a, -o


:
adj., pine-wood :

bod : m., prick, spike >orovica f., juniper :

bodljikavo, svinj6e n. porcupine DOS, -a, -o : adj., bare-footed


:

bozanstvo : n., divinity josiljak : m., sweat basil


Bozi6 m., Christmas: Dostan m., melon bed :

boj :m., battle, combat botelja, boca f., bottle :

boj a f., colour, complexion


:
bocati, bockati to prick :

bojazan, -zna, -zno adj., timid; boditi se to quarrel : :

frightened brav m., sheep :

bojak m., war : brava f., lock :

boj an, -jna, -jno : adj., warlike, bravar m., locksmith :

bellicose brada f., beard, chin :

bojati Re, bojim ae : to fear, be bradat, -a, -o adj., bearded :

afraid bradavica : f., mole, wart, nipple


bojac rn., warrior, combatant
: bradva f., axe :

bojadzija f., dyer : brazda f., furrow, ray :

bojiti to dye, : colour brak : m., marriage


bojiSte n., battle-field
: brakolomstvo n., adultery :

bojnik : m., warrior, combatant brana f., harrow :

bojse : adv., perhaps branik m., rampart, defence :

bok m., side, flank


: works
bokal m., jar, goblet
: branilac : m., branitelj, m., de-
bokva, bokvica f., plane-tree fender, protector
:

bol :m., pain, grief, affliction braniti to defend, protect :

bolan, -Ina, -Ino adj., ill, suffering, braniti se od to defend oneself


: :

sick from
bolesnik m., bolesnica, f., ill per-
: brat: m., brada, pi., brother, col-
son, invalid patient league ; rodjeni brat, brother
bolest : f., illness, malady, con (same parents)
plaint brat od strica, ujaka, tetke : m..
bolestan, -tna, -tno adj., ill, sick cousin :

to hurt,
pain, ache; bratanac: m., nephew
boleti (bolim) :

glavame boli, my head aches bratanica: f., niece


Pronounce :
j in James ; 2 as s in measure ; j as
dj, di, as y in you :
Ij as H in million nj as ni in opinion ; c, c, as ch in church
; ; u as o
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as is in cats ; & as ah in shout.
bra] (bud

bratski :
adj., fraternal, brotherly broj : m., number, numeral
bratstvo fraterrMty, brotherhood :n., i

brojiti to count, reckon, enumerate


:

Brasan6evo : n., Corpus Christ! f., bronzs bronza :

brasnar : m., flour merchant, cornbrus : m., grind-stone


chandler brusar m., knife-grinder
brasiio n., flour :
briljan : m., ivy
brvno n., beam of wood
: buba : f., insect, vermin, gru'
brdo n., mountain uz
:
uphill; svilena buba, f., silkworm ; ,

niz , downhill bubanj : m., drum


brdski adj., mountainous :
bubnjar : m., drummer
brdjanin m., brdjanka, f., moun- bubreg (bubrezi, pi. ) m. kidney
: :

taineer bubuljica f., spot, pimple :

breg m., hill


: buva f. (buna), flea :

breza f., birch tree


: bud conj., when, although :

breme n., burden, load


: budak: m. (trnokop. ) m., pickaxe
breskva f., peach :budala : f., fool, idiot, madman
brest : m., elm tree budalast, -a, -o adj., foolish, stupid :

brzo adv., quicker ;


:
bolje, as budan, -dna, -dno : adj., awake,
quick as possible vigilant
brz,-a, -o :
adj. .quick, rapid, prompt buditi to wake, awaken
:

brzina f., rapidity, velocity, quick-


: buditi se : to wake up
ness budilnik m., alarm-clock, alarum :

brzo adv., quickly, quick soon


: 1 budu6, -i, -a,-e adj., future, coming : ;

brzovoz : m., express train u budude adv., in the future :

brzojav : m., telegram bududnost : f., future


briga f., trouble, worry, anxiety
:
budja f., mouldiness
:

brizan, -zna, -zno adj., anxious, :


budjav adj., mouldy :

worried bujad m., fern :

brizljiv, -a, -o :
adj., careful, atten- buka :
f., tumult, noise
tive, fussy bukva : f., beeoh tree
brizgalica f., syringe : bukvar m., alphabet :

brizgati to inject :
buktinja f., torch :

brijati se to shave oneself : bula f., Turkish woman


:

brija6 m., razor : bxilka f.


poppy :

brinuti se (brinem se) to trouble, buljina: f., owl, screech-owl :

take pains, worry about buna f ., insurrection, revolt, rising :

brisati (brisem) to efface, rub out, bunar m., well : :

wash out bunda f fur-coat |


: . ,

britva f., pocket-knife : buniti to revolt |


:

brica f., barber


: bura f., storm, tempest, hurricane :

brk m. (brci or brkovi, pi.), mous- bure n., barrel, tub, vat
: :

tache buriti to piss, make water :

brljav, -a, -o adj., dirty, stupid burza f., stock exchange


: :

brod m.,ford : bus : m., turf I

brodan, -dna, -dno adj., fordable busija f., ambush :


j
:

broditi to ford, to sail : but m., butina, f., leg (of mutton) :

brod m., vessel, ship, boat


: buha f. (buva, f.), flea :

brodar m., boatman, mariner : budia f., club (weapon) :

brodolom m., shipwreck budiet m., budget


: :

Pronounce as j in James ; i as 8 in measure


:
dj, d, j
as y in you ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion 6, <5, as eh in church m


u as oo ; ;

in room h as c/t in loch c as te in cats


; as sh in shout. ;
vag]

V, B.
vaga f., scales, balance, weighing- varoica f. f small town
:
j
:

machine varoki adj., of a town |


:

vagnuti to weigh : vas (sav) sva sve pron, j


: entire, all,
vagon ra., railway :
carnage, whole
wagon Vaskr.s m., Easter :

vaditi to pull out, take out, ex-


: vaskrsnuti (-nem) to raise from the :

tract dead
vadi6ep m., cork-screw : vata f., cotton wool, lint
:

vazan, -ina, -zno adj., important :


vaspitaliSte n., educational estab- :

vaznost f., importance, value : lishment


vazal m., vassal : vatra f., fire, feverish heat
:

vazda adv., always : vatren, -a, -o :


adj., ardent, fiery
vazdan adv., the whole day long
: vatriSte : n., hearth
vazdasnj, -i, -a, -e adj., per- :
vatrogasac m., fireman :

petual, permanent vatromet m., fireworks :

vazduli m., air zidati kule po


: ; va, -a, -e :
pron., your
vazduhu, build castles in the air vas, vaski (pi. ) : m., louse
vajar m., sculptor
:
vasljiv, -a, -o : adj.,lousy
vajarstvo n., sculpture : vasar m., fair :

vakup (vakuf ) : m., church pro- veverica : f., squirrel


perty vedrica : f., vedro, n., bucket, pail
val m., wave
:
vedja f., eyebrow
:

valovit, -a, -o adj., rough, stormy : veza : f., cord, string, communica-
valjan, -a, -o adj., worthy, solid : tion, ribbon, connection
valjati to roll : vezati (veiem) : to join, tie, con-
valjati to be worth, of value
: nect
valjda (valja da) adv., probably :
vejati : to winnow
vampir m., vampire : vek m., age, century
: od pamti- ;

van prep., out of, outside, except-


: veka, from time immemorial
ing, save veleizdaja f., high-treason :

vanbra6an, -6na, -6no :


adj., illegi- veleizdajnik m., traitor :

timate velik, -a, -o adj., great, large, big :

vanredan, -dna, -dno :


adj., extra- vast intense, excessive alovo, ;

ordinary capital letter


vanila f., vanilla : veliki post m., : Lent
vanjski adj., exterior, foreign :
velikoduSan, -na, -no :
adj., gen-
var f., heat, brasier, warmth
: erous
varalac m., varalica, f., impostor,
: velikodunost : f., generosity
cheat, deceiver velikolefn, -i, -a, -o :
adj., magni-
varati : to cheat, dupe, deceive ficent
varati se to be mistaken : veli6anstvo majesty : n., :
Njep ovo
varvarin : m. barbarian V., His Majest}*- Vase V.. Your ;

varvarski adj., barbarian :


Majesty uvreda velica'istva, ;

vardati to take care, beware :


Iese-majest6
varenika f., boiled milk : velifiina : f., size, calibre, extent
variti : to boil, cook veljafia : f., February
varos : f., town, city vena : f., vein
Pronounce :
dj, di, as.; in James
measure : j as y in y<i
; i as s in ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; <5, 6, as ch in church ; u as no


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in catt ; s as sh in shout.
ven] [vis

venae m., garland, wreath


: vece : n., vecer, m., evening
venuti vetiein to fade : vecer a f., supper :

vencanje n., nuptial blessing : vecer as adv., this evening :

veo (vela) m., veil, crepe : vecerati to dine, sup :

veoina adv., very, much, ex-


:
vecernja f., vespers :

tremely veSerom adv., in the evening :

vera f., faith, belief, religion;


: veSito adv., eternally :

naveru, on credit ve<5no : adv., always, eternally


vcran, -rna, -rno adj., faithful, : vednost f., eternity :

loyal, devoted v. do groba, ; vediba f., exercise, practice, habit:

faithful until death vedibati se to practise, exercise :

verenik m., verenica. f., betrothed,


: veala : n., pi., gallows, gibbet
fiance, ee veati : to hang, hang up
vcri^-a : f., chain of mountains vesafi : m., hangman, executioner
verige : {., pi., chain, irons, fetters veSt, -a, -o :
adj., clever, handy,
veridba : f., betrothal, engagement
practised
veriti seto be engaged, betrothed: m., artist, expert, master vestak :

verno adv., faithfully, truly


: veStina : f., art, aptitude
vernost f., fidelity, loyalty
: vestac : m., magician, sorcerer
verovanje n., faith, belief : veStica f., witch, sorceress :

verovatan, vatna.-o adj., probable vid m., view, vision : :

verovati (verujem): to believe, to vidan, -dna, -dno : adj., bright,


trust in ; u Boga, in God clear
verolomstvo n., perjury vicleti (vidim) : to see, perceive
:

veseliti to rejoice, give pleasure, vidljiv, -a, -o


:
adj., visible :

amuse vidik : m., horizon


veselo adv.,
:
gaily, joyously, vidra f., otter :

merrily vidjenje n., seeing again ; do :

veselost f., gaiety, joy, fun:


vidjenja, au revoir
veseo vesela veselo : adj., gy, vika f., cry, shout, call :

jolly, cheerful vikati to shout, to call out :

veslar m., oarsman


: vila : f., fairy
veslati : to row vila f., villa, country house :

veslo n., oar


:
"
vildi m., ivory :

vesnik m., messenger:


ledge vilica f., jaw :

vest : m., news, information, know- viljuSka f., fork :

vetar m., wind, breeze


: duva vime n., udder, teat ; :

vetar, it is windy vinar m., wine merchant :

veteran m., veteran : vinarnica f., wine shop :

veterinar : m., veterinary surgeon vino n., wine belo, v.'hite crno : ; ;

vetrenic a, vetruska f., weather- vino, red wine :

vane vinograd m., vineyard :

vec adv., already; conj., but


:
vinogradar m., vine dresser :

vece f., conference


:
vinjaga f., wild vine :

vf>('-i, -a, -e adj. (comp. ), greater vis


:
m., height, summit :

vecina f., majority : visina f., height, altitude, eleva- :

vecinom adv., as a rule, generally


: tion
vefian, -Sna, -6no adj., eternal, visiti to hang, to hang up
: :

perpetual visok, -a, -o adj., high, eminent :

Pronounce j in James z as s in measure


:
dj, df, as
j as y in you ; ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion c, 6, as ch in church u a.s oo ; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as U in cats ; as sh in shout.


vis] 10 [vre

visoko adv., high :


vojni6ki: adj., military, soldierly
visofianstvo n., Highness vojska f., army, troops
: :

vitak, -tka, -tko adj., flexible, voleti (volim) to love, like vise
: : ;

pliable voleti, to prefer


vitica f., curl (of hair)
: volovski adj., of oxen :

vitriol : m., vitriol volja f., wish, desire e drags : ;

vise adv., more, rather ; sve vie,


:
volje, with pleasure
more and more vosak m., wax : ; pecatni vosak,
vise: prep., above, higher sealing-wax
visnj,-i, -a, -e: adj., supreme, all- vo6e n. fruit
: ,

powerful vocnjak m., orchard :

vlada f., government, reign


:
vostan, -a, -o, voten, a, -o :
adj.,
vladalac m., sovereign, ruler : wax
vladati : to reign, rule over vostanica f., wax candle :

vladika m., 'bishop : vrabac m., sparrow :

vlaian, -zna, -zno adj., damp, vrag m. devil : :

moist vragolan m., roguish boy, a wag :

vlazina f., dampness, moisture :


vrazj, -i, -a, -e adj., diabolic, :

vlak m., train


: devilish
vlasi f., pi., hair
: vran m., vrana f., raven :

vlast f., authority,


:
power, tri- vran adj., raven black :

bunal vrat m., neck :

vla.stan, vlasna, -sno adj., power- vrata f., door otvoriti, zatvoriti,
: : ;

ful, in authority, authorized to open, to shut


vo (vola) m., ox, bull vratar m., door-keeper, concierge
: :

voda f., water; niz vodu, down vratiti to return, turn back, put
: :

stream uz vodu, up stream back, give back


; ;

velike su vode, the waters are vratiti se to return, home (kuci) :

out vru6a v., hot water vra6 m., magician


; :

mineralna v., mineral water vra6arica f., fortune-teller :

morska v., sea water pija6a v., vradati to tell fortunes, predict ; :

drinking water vradzbina f., magic :

vodena bolest f., dropsy vraski adj., devilish : :

vodenica f., water-mill vrba f., willow;


: zalosna :

voditi to lead, guide, conduct


:
weeping willow
vodovod m., aqueduct, water- vrbovati to recruit, enrol
: :

works vrg m. (krbanj m.) gourd :

vodonik m., hydrogen :


vredan, -dna, -dno adj., indus- :

vodopad m., water- fall :


trious, studious, worthy
vodj m., guide, leader
: vrediti to be worth, to cost :

vodjice if., pi., reins : vrednost f., value, merit, price, :

voz m., train, convoy, transport


:
currency
voziti to transport, carry, remove vredjati to offend, insult, outrage
: :

vojvoda m., field-marshal, duke, vrelo n., source (of a river)


: :

leader vre me n. (vremena), time, season, :

vojvodina f., duchy weather imati vremena, to have


:
;

vojifite n., theatre of war : time dugo vreme, tediousness, ;

vojni, -a, -o adj., military boredom :

vojnik m., soldier :


vreo, vrela, vrelo adj., boiling hot :

Pronounce :
dj, dz, as j in James z as s in measure; j as y
in you ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as n in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts. in cats ; s as sh in shout.


vre] li

vr,;i (vrim) to boil : vrh : m., summit, top, end, crest


vrz m., knot
. vrh :
prep., above
vrzina f., fence : vrhovni, -a, -o adj., supreme, :

vrskati to shout out :


highest
vritati to neigh : vriti : to accomplish, execute, fulfil
vrlina f., virtue : vuk m., wolf:

vrlo adv., very, extremely


: vulkan m., volcano :

vrskaput : m.. overcoat vuna : f., wool


vrsta : f., quality, sort, kind vunen, -a, -o :
adj., woollen
vrstati : to line up, arrange vuruna : f., oven
vrt m., garden
:
vurundzija m., baker :

vrtez m., screw : vuci (vucem) to draw, dray, tow :

vrci (vrgnem): to throw, put (a boat)


vruc, -a, -e adj., hot : vuSica f., she-wolf :

vrucina : f., heat

G, r.

gagrica miser : f., giavm, -a, -o adj., prir.cipal,


gadan, -dna, -dno :
adj., disgusting, essential, chief
repulsive glavo-bolja f., head-ache :

gadjati to aim at glagol


: m., verb :

gazda m., host, head of


:
family glad t f., hunger, famine
gazdarica f., hostess, mistress of gladan, -dna, -dno adj., hungry
: :

house gladak. -dka, -dko : adj., smooth,


gajde f., pi., bag-pipes :
polished
galerija f., gallery glas :m., voice, vote, rumour, :

garda : f., guard (roval) renown


gas m., gas, paraffin
:
glasan, -sna, -sno : adj., famous,
gasiti to put out, extinguish
: celebrated
gace f., pi., drawers, pants
:
glasati to vote :

gvozdje n., iron kovano g., : ; glasnik : m., me.isenper


forged iron gledati to look at, examine
:

gvozden, -a, -o adj., iron :


glecer : m., glacier
gde (gdje) adv., where :
glina : f., clay
gde gde here and there gde god, : ;
j
glicerin m., glycerine :

somewhere globa : f., fine


general m., general :
globiti : to fine
genije m., genius :
glumac : m., actor
geografija : f., geography glumica : f., actress
geometrija f., geometry :
glup, -a, -o :
adj., stupid, idiotic
gedza m., dwarf :
glupak : m., stupid, fool
gimnazija f., gymnasium, college :
glupost : f., stupidity, ignorance
gimnastika f. gymnastics :
gluh, -a, -o adj., deaf
:

ginuti to perish, to fall, to be killed


:
gljiva : f., mushroom, fungus
gips m., plaster of Paris
:
gnezdo nest
: n.,
glava f., head :
gnoj : m., pus, matter, manure
glavar m., chieftain, chief : I
gnojiti : to suppurate

Pronounce :
j in James ; t as s in measure : j as
dj, di, as y in you ;
Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; c, 6, as ch in church
; ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; s as sh in shout.
:
12

gnus: m., horror gost : m., guest


gnusan, -sna, -sno :
adj., horrible, gostionira f., hotel :

awful gostionic'ar m., hotel-keeper :

gnjurati se to dive, plunge :


gotov, -a, -o adj., ready, finished :

adj., naked
-
go, gola.golo :
gotoviti : to prepare tie, get ;

goveda : n., pi., cattle ready


govedjina f., beef :
gotovo adv., almost, about :

govor m., conversation, speech,


:
grablje, grabulje f., pi., rake :

sermon grabljiv adj., voracious, ferocious


:

govoriti : to speak grad : m., town, city, fortress


godina year :nova g., new
f., ; grad :
m., hail pada g., it is ;

year prostupna g., Leap-year


; ; hailing
pre godina dana, a year as;o; j
graditi to build, make, establish
:

proile godine, last year idu6e ; gradonafielnik m., mayor :

koliko vam
|

godine, next year ; gradski adj., of a town :

godina ? how old are you ? gradjanin : m., citizen, burgess


godisnje adv., annually :
gradjanka : f., citizen
golem, -, -o adj., vast, enormous, :
gradjanski :
adj., civil
large gramatika f., grammar :

gologlav, -a, -o : adj., bare-headed !

grana f., branch :

golub m., pigeon


:
granata f., shell, grenade :

golubica : f., dove


granica f., frontier, border :

gomila : f. f grah, graak : m., pea


heap, mass, pile, group,
crowd grb m., arms, coat of arms :

goniti to
: chase, drive, follow after grbav, -a, -o adj., hunch-back :

gora f., hill, mountain


:
greben : m., comb
gorak, -rka, -rko adj., bitter, sour grejati (grejem) to warm : :

goranin m., mountaineer, high- grejati se (grejem se): to warm


:

lander oneself
gord, -a, -o adj., haughty, proud :
greska f., mistake, error, fault :

gordost, f., pride grk, -a, -o adj., bitter :

gore : adv., above, upstairs, up grliti to embrace, hug :

above grlo n., throat, larynx :

gore adv., worse ; najgore, adv., grob m., ditch, grave, tomb
: :

worst grobar : m., grave-digger


goreti (gorim) to burn, to catch groblje n., cemetery
: :

firo grozdje : n., grapes


gor, -i, -a, -e : adj., worse najgor. groza f., shiver, tremble, horror ; :

-i, -a, -e, worst grozaii, -zna, -zno adj., awful, :

gornj, -i,-a, -e adj., upper, superior horrible


:

gorski adj., of the mountains, hills groziti se to tremble, shiver


: :

gorusica : f., mustard groznica ., fever :

Gospod (Bog) The Lord grom m., thunder, thunderbolt


: :

gospoda f., gentleman :


gromobran, gromovod m., light- :

gospodar m., master, sovereign :


ning conductor
gospodin m., Mister, gentleman :
gros m., piastre, i.e. 20 para :

gospodska bolest f., syphilis (Serbian) :

gospodja : f., lady, madamo, Mrs. grub, a, -o adj., coarse, vulgar :

gospodjica f., Mi.ss, young lady :


grudi f., pi., chest, bosom :

Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James ; i as s in measure j as y in yo->i


: ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as in orhiion ; m
c, z, as ch in church ; u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as fo in cats ; 8 as ah in shout.


i: [del

gr6 : m., cramp, spasm, convulsion gusenica : f., caterpillar


guba, gubica f., snout, muzzle :
guska :
goose f.,
(of an animal) gusle f., pi., Serbian violin
:

guz m., guzica, f., buttock, back-


:
gust, -a, -o adj., dense, thick :

side gustina : f., density, thickness


guma : f., elastic gusa f., throat
:

gunja : f., quince

D,
da: conj., that, in order that, to, dvanaest num. twelve : ; -i, -a, -o,

yes, if the twelfth -ina, one ;


tvrelftli
dabome of course, certainly
! :
dvaput : twice
davati (dajem, davam) : to give, dve.sta : num. two hundred
present, bestow dvoboj m., duel :

davni, -na, -no adj., ancient, old, :


dvogled m., binocular glasses:

antique dvojo num. two, a couple


:

davno adv., a long time ago


:
dvoji, -ja, -jo ; dvojin, -a, -o :
adj.,
dakle conj., thus, then, conse-
: double
quently dvojica f., couple, two :

dalek, -a, -o
adj., far, distant : dvor m., palace, court, castle
:

daleko adv., far, distant


: dvoranin m., courtier :

dnlj, -i, -a, -e adj., further, farther : dvorski adj., of the court
:

daljina f., distance, interval, space


: debeo, debela, debelo adj., : fat,
dan : m., day ; rodjen dan, birth- stout, thick, corpulent
day debljati : to grow fat
danas adv., to-day: num. ninety ; od danas, devedeset :

from to-day devet num. nine -i, -a, -o, the : ;

damuuij, -i, -a, -et adj., of to-day, ninth -ina, f., a ninth : ;

modern, up-to-date dovetnaest num. nineteen -i, -a, : ;

dan no6 m., pansy


i : -o, the nineteenth
danica f., the morning star
: devica f., deva, f., a young girl, ;
:

Venus maiden
danjom, danju : adv., by day, devojaStvo : n., virginity, chastity
during the day devojka f., :
girl, maiden, maid
danju i no6u : adv., by day and by devojSe, n., devojc'ica, f., little girl,
night child
dar, darak m., present, gift ded, deda m., grandfather, an-
: :

daska f., plank, board


: cestor
dati (dam) to give, present, hand dedovina f.,
:
property inherited :

over, confer, concede from one's ancestors or grand.


datum m., date : father, fatherland
dah m., breath,
:
respiration dezurni adj. (oficir),
:
orderly
dahnuti (dahnem) to breathe
: officer (from French de jour)
dva dve dva two :
; sve dva i dva, dejstvo n., effect, action
:

two by two dekembar m., December :

dvadeset num. twenty -ina, one :


; deklaracija f., declaration :

twentieth deliti : to divide, distribute, separ*


dvadeseti, -a, -o the twentieth : ate

Pronounce dj, clz, as j in James ; i. as s in measure ; j as


:
y in you ;

]j as li in million nj as nt in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; ; u as -jtt

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; s as sh in shout. ;


del] 14 [dom
delo : n., action, deed, work dnevni, -na, -no : adj., daily
deo m. (dela), part,
:
portion, dnevnik : m., diary, day-book
volume (books) do prep. (gen. ), to, until, up to, till
:

depesa f., telegram : dob m., doba, f., time, season,


:

derati(derem) : to tear, tear out age, phase


deset num. ten : -i, -a, -o, the dobar, -bra, -bro adj., good, ex-
; :

tenth -ina, a tenth ; cellent bolji, najbolji, better, ;

desetak (-tka) in., tithe, tenth best :

part dobiti (dobijem): to receive, ob-


desn, -i, -a, -o : adj., right tain, gain, get
desno, na desno : adv., to the right doboS m., drum udariti u doboi,
: ;

desni f., pi., gums


: to beat the drum
dete n., child ; deca, children
:
;
doboSar : m., drummer
vanbradnod, bastard dobro adv., all right, well bolje,
: ;

detelina f., clover : better


detinjstvo n., childhood :
dobrovoljac m., volunteer :

dotinjski :
adj., childish dobrovaljno : adv., voluntarily,
decak, deSko : m., boy, lad freely
deCarski, detinski adj., boyish
: dobrodusan, -Sna, -no adj., kind, :

div m., giant


: kind-hearted
divan, -vna, -vno adj., beautiful, : dobrota f., kindness, favour :

charming, delightful dobrotvor m., philanthropist :

divan m., divan, sofa


: dove6e adv., this evening :

divljak m., savage, wild man, wild


:
|
dovoljan, -jna, -jno :
adj., sufficient
boar enough
divljad, divina f., game, venison :
]
dovoljno adv., enough :

divJji, -ja, -je adj., wild, savage, :


dogadjaj : m., event, affair
ferocious dogadjati : to take place, happen
divokoza : f., chamois dogled m., telescope :

dignuti (dignem), dizati (diiem) :


dogovor m., convention, accord, :

raise, lift up concert


dignuti se(dignemae) : to get up, to dozvola f., permission, permit,:

arise leave
dijamant : m., diamond dozvoliti : to permit, allow
dim : m., smoke dojka : f., breast
dimnicar m., chimney-sweep : dok adv., while, whilst
:

dimnjak m., chimney : dokaz m., proof, argument


:

dinar m., Serbian coin


: 1 franc dokazivati (-zujem), dokazati
-10d. (-kaiem) to explain, prove :

dinastija : f., dynasty dokle, doklen adv., up to what :

dinja : f., melon (sweet) point ? till when ? as long as


diplomat : dokolenice f., pi., gaiters, loggings
m., diplomatist :

dira : f., hole, tear (in clothes) doktor m., doctor :

dirati to touch, to move


: dolazak m., arrival, coming :

direktor : m., director, head, chief dolaziti to arrive, reach :

direkcija f., management : dole : adv., below, down below,


dirkati to tease, annoy: downstairs
tlihati (diSem) to breathe dolina, dola : f., valley
:

dihanje : n., breath, respiration dom m., house, public building :

Pronounce as a in measure
:
j
as y in you ;
dj, di, as j in James ; i, ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ;


u as oo ; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; 8 as sh in shout.


dom] 15 [dud

domacin : m., master of the house, drvar : m., wood-cutter, timber


host merchant
doma6iea : f., mistress of the house, drven, -a, -o :
adj., wooden
hostess drvo (drveta) : n., tree
doraine f., :
pi., dominoes drvodelja : m., carpenter
domovina: f., fatherland, home, drvce n., bushwood :

country of one's birth dretva f., string


|
:

donji, -ja, -je, dolnji, -ja, -je :


adj., ;
driava : f., State, Power, Govern-
lower, inferior ment
dopadati se to like, suit, please; : ;
driavni adj., of the State, official
:

tomi se dopada, that pleases me drzavnik m., Statesman, politi-


:

dopis m., correspondence


: cian
dopisnica f., post card : drzak m., drfalica, f., handle
:

dopust m., leave, permission


: drzati (-5im) to hold, maintain, :

clopustiti to allow, permit: hold up, support red, to keep ;

dorastao, -sla,adj., adult, -slo : one's word ; govor, make a


grown up, pubescent, nubile speech
dorasti (-rastem) to grow, de- :
dronjav, -a, -o : adj., ragged
velop, grow up drug m., friend, colleague, com-
:

dorudak m., breakfast, lunch


:
panion, pal
dosada f., worry, upset, bore
:
clruga, drugarica f., friend (f.) :

dosadan, -dna, -dno adj., tedious, :


drugafiije adv., otherwise :

boring, worrying, troublesome drugda, drugde adv., elsewhere :

dosaditi to annoy, worry, bore


:
drug, -i, -a, -o the second, the :

doseljavati se to immigrate :
other, another
doseljenik m., immigrant :
druiba.druibina f., society, associ- :

dosledno adv., conseqently : ation


dosta adv., enough, sufficient
:
drukCije adv., otherwise, differ-
:

dostati (dostajem) to suffice, b :


ently
sufficient drum m., high road, main road
:

dostojan. -jna, -jno :


adj., worthy, drustvo : n., society, company
dignified club
dostojanstvo :
n., dignity, worth!- j
dub m., oak tree
:

ness dubina, dubljina : f., depth, abyss,


dotle adv., until, till
: bottom
doei (dodjem) to come, arrive dubok, -a, -o adj., deep, profound
: :

dohvatiti : to seize, take, reach duvan, duhan m., tobacco :

dohod m., arrival


:
duvandiija : m., tobacconist
dockan, docne adv., late dug m., debt : :

docnije : adv., later dug, -a, -o dugadak, -dka, -cko t :

dodekati to receive, welcome (of


:
adj., long, high, tall
people ) duga f., rainbow :

drag, -a, -o adj., dear, amiable, dugme n., button


: :

precious dragi kamen, precious dugo adv., a long time


; :

stone drage volje, with pleasure dugo vrerne n., tediousness, bore-
; :

dragoman m., dragoman, inter- dom


:

pretcr dugovati (dugujem) to owe :

drama f., drama: dud m., mulberry tree :

drva f., firewood


:
dudinja, dudinka f., mulberry :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James i as in measure j as y in you


:
; ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; &, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; S as sh in shout.
;
16 [zen

duzan, -2na, -no adj., owing, : in- duh m., spirit, soul, ghost Sveti
:
;

debted Duh, Holy Ghost


du2nik m., debtor : Duhovi m., pi., Pentecost, Whit-
:

duznost f., duty, obligation :


sunday
duzina f., length : duhovnik m., ecclesiastic :

dumen m., rudder :


duhovni, -na, -no :
adj., spiritual,
dunja f., quince : clerical
dupe n., anus, backside
: duSa : f., soul, spirit
dupli, -la, -lo adj., double : dusek : m., mattress
ducan : ra., shop, store

Vj, L.
djavo m., devil, satan
:
djaur m., infidel
:

djavolak m., little devil :


djadki adj., of students
:

djavolji, -ja, -je djavolov, -a, -o : ; djem m., bit (horse's)


:

adj., diabolic, devilish djeneral m., general :

djak : m., scholar, schoolboy, stu-i djeneral-Stab m., general-staff :

dent, pupil djon m., sole (of a boot)


:

djakon : m., deacon djubre n., manure, dung :

E, E.
e : conj., and; e da, in order that elektricitet : m., electricity
evandjelist m., evangelist :
eljda : f., buckwheat
evnuh m., eunuch :
episkop : m., bishop
evo : adv., here, see here, here is, eskadra : f., squadron
etc. eto, eno : adv., there, see there
ele : conj. thus

JK.
2aba :
frog ; krastava 2aba, toad
f., iezlo : n., sceptre
ialba f., grievance, complaint
: ieleti (2elim) : to wish, desire ;
ialiti to condole with, to be in
: ielim vam svaku srecu, I wish you
mourning for, to be sorry for all happiness
ialiti se to complain : zeludac m., stomach, belly :

ialost f., sorrow, grief, mourning ;


: ielja f., wish, desire
:

u ialosti za, in mourning for ; na zeljezan (zelezan), -zna, -zno : adj.,


ialost, unfortunately iron
iandarm : m., gendarme zeljeznica (Zeleznica) f., railway ; :

iao :adv., 2ao mi je : I am sorry zeleznicom, by rail ; vagon, kola,


iarki, -ka, -ko : adj., burning, very railway carriage ; kola (vagon)
hot, torrid za spavanje, sleeping car pruga, ;

8 vale f., pi., bit (horse's)


: f., railway line
zdrul m., crane
: zelezo : n., iron
idrebac : m., stallion zena : f., woman, wife
it-dan, -dna, -dno :
adj., thirsty feniti se : to marry (of a man)
iedja : f., thirst enska : f., low woman, prostitute
Pronounce dj, d2, as j in James ; i as s in measure ; j as
:
y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; & as sh in shout.
; ;
fen] 17 [zaj

ienski adj., feminine :


ig : m., stamp, seal, die, brand
iestok, -a, -o adj., fiery, violent, :
zigica : f., match
passionate zila : f., vein, artery
zetva f., harvest :
zitelj : m., inhabitant
zetelac m., harvester : iito : n., corn, grain, cereala
ziv, -a, -o :
adj., alive, lively, quick zitar : m., corn chandler
ziva ograda f., hedge : zitnica f., barn :

4iva f., mercury, quicksilver


: iica : f., wire
ziveti (zivim) to live, to be alive : ziska f., spark :

ziveo zivela! ziveli long live ! ! : ! Smiriti to wink :

zivina f., poultry : zrtva : f., sacrifice, offering, victim


?ivo adv., quickly, promptly 2ulj : m., corn (on the foot)
iivopis m., painting, picture
: zuran, -rna, -rno :
adj., hurried,
iivopisac m., painter :
hasty
zivot m., life
: zuriti se to hurry, hasten
:

zivotinja: f., animal, beast 2urno : adv., in haste, quickly


zivotinjski :
adj., brutal, bestial, 4ut, -a, -o :
adj., yellow
beastly iutica : f., jaundice

Z, 3.
za :
prep. (ace. inst. gen.), for, by, zavoditi : to introduce, establish
in, during, to, behind, at corrupt
zabava : f., entertainment, amuse- zavoj m., bandage, dressing :

ment zavrsiti : to finish, end


zabaviti, zabavljati : to amuse, zagasit :
adj., dark, brown
entertain f., enclosure, hedge zagrada :

zabadava adv., gratis zagraditi


: to enclose with a hedge :

zabluda f., mistake, error : fence


zaboravan, -vna, -vno adj., for- zagradje n., suburb : :

getful zagrliti to embrace, hug :

zaboraviti to forget, omit zagusljiv, -a, -o


:
adj., suffocating, :

zabrana f., prohibition :


stuffy
zabraniti to forbid, prohibit ; je zadatak
: m., zadaca, f., task, :

zabranjeno, it is forbidden lesson, work


zavera f., plot, conspiracy
:
zadnji, -nja, -nje : adj., behind,
zaverenik m., conspirator : rear, last
zavesa f., curtain :
zadnjica f., backside :

zavet m., vow., promise, testa-


:
zadovoljan, -jna, -jno : satisfied,
ment (bible) pleased
zavidan (zavidljiv), -dna, -dno :
zadovoljiti to satisfy, please :

adj., jealous, envious zadrZati (zadriim), to stop, keep


zavideti : to be jealous, envy zadrzati se (zadrzim) : to stop, stay
zavijati : to dress (a wound), bind zadruga : f., society, Serbian cus-
UR tom of family living together
zavijafi m., envelope : zaista, zaisto adv., in fact :

zavisan, -sna, -sno adj., dependent m., loan


:
zajam :

zavladati to conquer :
zajedno : adv., together
zavod : m., institute, establishment zajmiti to lend :

Pronounce as s in measure
:
j
as y in you
dj, dz, as j in James ; ; ;
'

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo ; ;

in room h. as ch in loch c as
;
ts in cats s as A in shout. ; ;
zak] 18

zakasniti : to be late zaraziti : to infect, to give (a


zaklopac (-pica) m., lid, cover :
disease)
zakljucak (-6ka) : m., conclusion, zarobiti : to make (or take)
ending prisoner
zakljucati to look :
zarobljenik : m., prisoner
zaklj u6iti : finish, terminate, con- zaseda f. ambush : ,

clude zastava f., flag, banner, standard:

zakoti m., law, rule


: zastavnik m., standard- bearer :

zakonski adj., legal, legitimate :


zastupnik m., substitute, repre- :

Eakopati to bury : sentati\'e


salazak m., sunset : zatvor m., :
prison, gaol, consti-
zalepiti to stick, to gum :
pation
zaliv m., bay, gulf
: zatvoriti : to shut, imprison, block
zalivatito water :
up
zalud adv., in vain
: zatim : adv., then, after
zamak m., castle, citadel
: zato : adv., on account of, becaus*
zamama f bait : . , of
zamenica : f., pronoun zauzet, -a, -o adj., occupied, busy :

zainka f., knot, trap, snare


: zauzeti (-uzmem) to occupy, con- :

zamrznuti se (zamrznem) : to quer


freeze zahvalan, -Ina, -Ino :
adj., grateful,
zanat m., profession, occupation,
: thankful, obliged
business zahvaliti : to thank
zanimljiv, -a, -o adj., interesting : zahvalnost f., gratitude :

zao, zla, zlo adj., bad, nasty, : zahod m., sunset ; zahoditi, to
:

wicked set (sun)


zaova f., sister-in-law (husband's
: zafiin : za&niti, to spice
m., spice ;

sister) zaito : adv., why


zapad : m., west zbog :
prep., because of, for
zapadni, -na, -no adj., %vestern : zbor : m., meeting, assembly, choir
zapadno : adv., in the west zvaniSan, -fina, -<5no : adj., official
zapaziti : to notice, to like zvati (zovem) : to call, name,
zapaliti : to light, to set fire to invite
zapaljenje n., inflammation : zvezda f., star :

zapaljiv, -a, -o : adj., inflammable zvek m., sound


:

zapamtiti to remember (a lesson) : zveknuti (zveknem) to sound, :

zapeta f., comma : resound


zapeiatit i to seal : zvekir m., door-knocker
:

zapiska f., a note, short letter


: zver (m) f., wild beast, beast :

zapisnica f., note- book :


zverinjak m., zoological garden :

zapovest f., order, mandate, com- : zverski :


adj., brutal, bestial,
mandment savage
zapregnuti (zapregnem) : to put to, zverstvo brutality : n.,
harness (horses) zvizdati (zviidim) to whistle :

zapu5a<5 m., cork :


zvizdaljka f., whistle, fife :

zar adv., for


: zvono : n., bell
zaraza : f., epidemic zvoniti to ring
:

zarazan, -zna, -zno : adj., con- zvuk : m., sound, tone


tagious, infectious, catching zglob : m., joint
Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James z as ; in measure : j as y in you ;
Ij as li in million ; nj as m in opinion 6, ; 6, as ch in church u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in lock ; c as ts in cats ; & as sh in shout.


zgo] 19 [Izv

zgoda : f., opportunity, good mo- zimus : adv., last winter


ment zlatan, -tna, -tno adj., golden :

zgodan, -dna, -dno :


adj., oppor- zlatar goldsmith, jeweller
:

tune zlato n., gold:

zgrada building, edifice : f., zlo : n., evil, misfortune


zgrusati to curdle, coagulate : zloban, -bna, -bno adj., malicious, :

zdanje n., building, edifice :


sly
zdrav, -a, -o : adj., healthy, well zloglasan, -sna, -sno : adj., ill-
zdraviti to drink a health, toast : famed
zdravica : f., toast, health zlo&n m., crime, misdeed :

zdravlje n., health u vase : ; zlodinacm., criminal, evildoer :

zdravlje to your health ! !


zmija snake, serpent : f.,

zejtin : m., oil znak m., sign, mark, symbol


:

zelen, -a, -o adj., green, vegetables :


znanje : n., knowledge
(greens) znati (znam to know na pamet, ) : ;

zemlja f., earth, globe, land, soil,


: to know by heart
country zna&ti to mean, signify :

zemljak m., zemljakinja, f., com- znoj m., sweat, perspiration


: :

patriot znojan, -jna, -jno adj., sweaty :

zemljopis m., geography znojiti se : to sweat, perspire :

zemljotres m., earthquake zob f oats : : . ,

zemljous m., isthmus zolja f., wasp


: :

zepsti (zebem) to be cold noge zora f., dawn : ; :

mi zebu my feet are cold zreo, zrela, zrelo


:
adj., ripe, mature :

zet m., son-in-law


: zrelost f., maturity :

zee m., hare


:
pitomi zee, rabbit zreti (zrem) to ripen, mature ; :

zid m., wall


:
spanski zid, screen zrikavac m., cricket (insect);
j
:

zidar m., mason : zrno n., grain, speck :

zidati (zidam, zidem) to build, zub m., tooth; vestadki zub, false : :

construct tooth fietkica za zube, tooth- ;

zima f., winter, cold: brush


zimi adv., in the winter
: zubni lekar m., dentist :

zimski adj., of winter :


zubobolja f., toothache :

I, H.
i:conj., and, also iza :
prep. behind, on the other
ivica : f., border, edge side
igda : adv., never izaslanik m., deputy, emissary :

igde :
adv., somewhere zbirati to choose, elect :

igla : f., needle z bliza adv., near by :

igo n., yoke


: zbor m., choice, election
:

igra f., game, dance


: zbrati to elect, choose :

igrati to dance, play : zvan prep, (gen.), outside, out of


:

igradka : f.,toy zvesnost f., certitude, certainty :

iguman : m., abbot zvestan, -tna, -tno adj., sure :

idol : m., idol certain


iduci, -ca, -6e : ad'., future, coming , izvesti to inform :

iz prep, (gen.), from, out of, of, izvestaj


: m., account, report, in- :

by, with formation


Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James i as s in measure j as y in you
: -, ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, <5, as ch in church u as oo ; ; ;

jn room h as ch in loch c as te in cats & as ah in shout.


; : ;
Izv] 1
[1st

izviniti : to excuse, pardon, forgive ima : there is, are


izvoziti : to export imanje n., property, fortune :

izvol'te : if you please ! imati(imam): to have, possess


izvor spring, fountain
: ime name, reputa-
(imena)
n., :

izgledati : to look out dobro, ; tion u ime ... in the name


;

rdjavo, to look well, ill of .


po imenu, by name
. . ; ;

izgovoriti to pronounce, excuse : kako vam je ime ? what is your


izgovor m., pronunciation, excuse
: name ? imemije my name is . . .

izgoniti to expel, chase out : imenica f., substantive :

izgubiti to lose : imenovati to name :

izdavati (izdajem) to edit, pub- inace, inako adv., besides, other-: :

lish, betray wise, if not


izdaja: f., izdajstvo, n., treason inzonjer m., engineer :

izdajica f., traitress; izdajnik, interes


: m., interest dati pod : ;

m., traitor interes,to put money out at interest


izdaleka adv., from afar : interesantan, -tna, -tno adj., in- :

izdanje : n., edition teresting


izdatak m., expense : indzinir m., engineer :

izi6i (idjem) to go out ipak conj., however, nevertheless


: :

izjava ., declaration, explanation


: iseliti se : to emigrate, ehango
izjaviti to declare, give out
: houses, remove
izlaz, -ak : m., exit, way out iskljuciv, -a, -o adj., exclusive :

izlozba f., exhibition :


iskljufiiti to exclude, banish :

izloziti to exhibit, expose, show


:
iskopati to exhume, dig up :

izmedju prep, (gen.), among,


: iskra f., spark :

between iskren, -a, -o adj., sincere, frank, :

izmeniti to exchange, change : cordial


izmeSati to mix : iskrenost f., sincerity, frankness :

izmisliti : to invent, imagine, dis- ispit rn., examination; poloziti :

cover to pass an pasti na ispitu, , ;

iznad prep, (gen.), above


: to fail in an , to be ploughed

iznenada adv., suddenly :


ispitati, ispitivati to examine, :

iznenaditi to surprise interrogate


:

iznenadjenje n., surprise isplata f., :


pay, payment, re- :

iznova adv., anew, again


: muneration
izobrazenje n., civilization, educa- ispljuvati : to spit (out)
:

tion iapod prep, (gen.), under, under- :

izobrazen, -a, -o adj., educated neath :

cultured ispred prep., before, in front of :

izuzev (-ii) adv., excepting isprljati : to dirty :

izuzetak (-tka) m., exception ispuniti: to fill, accomplish, fulfil


:

izuzetno adv., by exception : isti, ta-, -to pron., the same :

ikad adv., ever


: istina f., the truth :

ikona f., icon, image


: istinit, -a, -o adj., true, veritable :

ikonostas m., screen with holy isto tako adv., also, likewise, in
: :

images in orthodox churches the same way


ikra f., roe (of a fish)
: istok m., east, orient :

ili :
conj., or Hi ... ili, either istocan, -6ni, -<5na,
;
-Sno adj., :

eastern, oriental
Pronounce :
dj, dz, as j in James ; 2 as s in measure ; j as y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch ;c as ta in cats ; 8 as sh in shout.
istj 21 [jel

istorija : f., history iscepati : to tear, wear out, to split


isusiti : to dry ici (idem) : to go, walk, leave
ishod : m., exit, way out ih :
pron., them, of them, any
J, J.
ja: pron., I jato : n., flight, covey (of birds)
jablan m., poplar tree :
jauk :
m., a cry of pain, lamenta-
jabuka f., apple, apple tree: tion
jabukovada f., cider :
jaukati (-u6em) : to lament, wail
javan, -vna, -vno adj., public, :
jahati, jasiti (jasem): to ride (a
clear, manifest, evident horse)
javiti, javljati to make public, :
jahaci konj saddle (riding) horse :

publish, announce, inform jevrein m., Jew :

javiti so to present (introduce) jevtin, -a, -o : adj., cheap; jevti-


:

oneself nije, cheaper


javnost f., publicity : jevtino adv., cheap :

jagnje n., lamb :


jed m., bile, anger :

jagnjetina f., lamb (meat) jedan, -dna, -dno num. one


: :

jagoda strawberry : f., jedanaest num. eleven :

jagorcevina f., primrose :


jedan-put-krat once ; od jedan- :

jad m.,
: misfortune, misery, sorrow put, adv., all of a sudden
jadan, -dna, -dno adj., miserable, :
jedared adv., once upon a time :

poor jedva adv., scarcely,


:
barely,
jadrilo : n., mast hardly
jadro : n., sail jedin-i, -a, -o : adj., only, unique,
jajast, -a, -o adj., oval isolated :

jaje, jajce: n., egg (jaja, eggs), jedinac : m., only son
testicle ; rovito , boiled egg jedinica : f., only daughter
jak, -a, adj., strong, solid, jedinstvo : n., unity
robust jedinc'e : n., only child
jalov, -a, adj., sterile, un- jednak, -a, -o : adj., equal, the
fruitful same, like
jaloviti to castrate : jednak: adv., immediately, at once
jambor, jarbol m., mast :
jednako: adv., equally, in the
januar m., January : same way
jaram m., yoke, or pair of oxen
: Jednakost f., equality :

jarac m., he-goat, billy-goat


:
jednovremen, -a, -o adj., simul- :

jare n., kid


: taneous
jarebica f., partridge :
jednoglasan, -sna, -sno adj., una- :

jarina : f., lamb's wool nimous


jarost f., anger, rage :
jednom adv., one day, once :

jarostan, -tna, -tno adj., angry :


jedrilo n., mast :

jaruga : f., ravine, abyss jedriti : to sail


jasan, -sna, -sno adj., clear, plain, :
jedro : n., sail
distinct, evident, pure je4 : m., hedgehog
jasnost f., jasnoca, f., clearness,
:
jezero n., lake :

distinctness jezik m., tongue, language :

jasen m., ash-tree :


jektika f., phthisis, consumption :

jastuk m., pillow, cushion :


jela f., pine, firtree :

Pronounce dj dz, as in James ; z as s in measure j as y in you


: , _;' ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo


; ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ts in cats


;
B as sh in shout. ; ;
jel] 22 fkal

jelovina f., deal (wood) :


jugovina : f., thaw
jelek waistcoat, vest
:
jugozapad m., south-west :

jelen m., stag; jelen6e, n., fawn


:
jugoistok m., south-east :

je li ? is it not so T
:
juzan, -na, -2no adj., southern :

jelo n., food, dish (of food)


:
juli m., July
:

jelovnik m., menu, bill of fare :


jun, juni m., June :

jer: conj., for, because, as junak m., hero junakinja, f.,


: ;

jerebica partridge : f., heroine


jeretik m., heretic :
junac m., young bull :

jesen f., autumn :


junaCki, -ka, -ko adj., heroic :

jesenas adv., this autumn :


junaStvo : n., heroism
jesenski, jesenji, -ja, -je :
adj., jur adv., already
:

autumnal juriti to race, run, chase


:

.jest : adv., yes juri m.., assault, attack


:

jesti (jedem) : to eat juris -ati(-sam)iti(-5im) :to assault


jetra : f., liver (a fortress)
jetrva : f., sister-in-law (husband's adj., morning
jutarnji, -ja,-je :

brother's wife) jutro morning dobro jutro


: n., ;
!

jecam m., barley :


good morning u jutru, za jutra, ;

jok adv. (Turkish), no


:
during the morning
j organ m., quilt :
jutros adv., this morning
:

joS adv., still, more, even


:
ju6e, ju<5er, adv., yesterday
jug: m., south, mid-day; na jug, ju6eranji, -ja, -je, juCerasnji, -ja,
in the south -je adj., of yesterday
:

K, K.
k, kaprep, (dat), to, towards
: kazan m., cauldron :

kabanica f., cloak, mantle :


kazandzija: m., coppersmith
kabasta hartija f., brown paper : kazati, kazivati (kuzem) to say, :

kablar m., cooper : tell


kava, kaf a f., coffee; tucana , : kazna : f., punishment, penalty,
ground bela (melani ), coffee ; sentence ; nov6ana , fine ;

and milk ; crna , black coffee smrtna , death sentence


kavana, kaf ana f., : cafe, coffee- kazneni, -na, -no :
adj., criminal,
house penal
kavaz m., kavass : kaznenik m., convict, prisoner :

kavez m., cage : kaznionica f., prison :

kavedzija, kafedzija : m., pro- kazniti to punish, sentence, fine


:

prietor of a caf6 kaik : m., boat, long-boat


kad, kada adv., when, how long : ; kai :
m., leather belt, strap
od kada, since when imati kad, ; kaja :
f., cement
to have time kad i kad, from ; kajgana : f., scrambled eggs
time to time kajmak : m., clotted cream
kadagod, kadgod : adv., when, kajsija : f., apricot
whenever kakav, kakva, kakvo pron., what :

kadiva, kadifa; f., velvet what kind


kadionica f., censer : kako adv., how, what
:

kaziput m., sign-post : kalaj m., tin :

kazaljka f., hand (of a clock) :


kalajdzija m., tin-smith, tinker :

Pronounce :
dj, di,, as _;'
in James ;
4 as s in measure ; j as y in you :

Ij
as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ta in cuts i as sh in shout. ;
kalj 23 fkis

kaldrma f paved road kasa f., cash-box, pay-desk, safe)


: . , :

kalendar m., calendar, almanack kasapin m., butcher


: :

kalpak m., cap : kasniti to be late, delay, lose timei :

kaludjer m., monk kasno adv., late


: :

kaludj erica f., nun kastrola f., saucepan : :

kalup m., form, shape, mould


: katanac (-nca) m., padlock :

kalfiine f., pi., leggings (of felt)


: katarka f., mast :

kaljade: f., pi., goloshes katkad adv., sometimes, from] :

kamen, -a, -o adj., of stone, rocky time to time :

karnen m., stone dragi kamen, katihizis m., catechism


: ; :

precious stone katolik m., catholic :

kamenar m., stone-cutter : katran m., tar :

kamenica f., small stone : kaulin m., cauliflower:

kamila : f., camel kauduk : m., india-rubber, rubber


kamfor m., camphor : kafa m., coffee
:

kamdzija f., crop, whip :


kaciga, kacida f., helmet :

kanal : m., canal kasa f., gruel:

kanap : m., string kasalj m., cough ; :veliki ,

kanarinka : f., canary whooping-cough


kanije: f., pi., sheath, scabbard, kasika (lazica) : f., spoon
case kasljati (Ijem) : to cough
kancelar : m. chancellor m., damage , kvar :

kancelarija f., office, chancery to spoil, damage, corrupt,'


: kvariti :

kanje : f., pi.,pervert eyelids


kao conj., as
: kvasac m., yeast :

kap f., drop kap po kap, drop by kedar m., cedar


: ; :

drop kej : m., quay


kapa f., cap, bonnet
: kelner m., waiter (hotel) :

kapak (-pka) m., lid, top, cover kelj m., cabbage : :

kapati (kapljem) to drip kepec m., dwarf : :

kapela f., chapel, orchestra


: kesa f., purse, small bag :

kapelan m., chaplain :kesten m., chestnut :

kapetan m., captain :kec m., ace :

kapija f., gate, gate- way :


kecelja f., apron, pinafore :

kapital m., capital :


kijavica f., cold (in the head) :

kapidzija m., door-keeper, con- kijati to sneeze : :

cierge kika f., tress of hair, pigtail :

kaplar m., corporal : kikotati to roar with laughter :

kapija : f., drop kila f., hernia, rupture :

kaput: m., coat, jacket; vrskaput, kilogram m., kilogram :

overcoat kilometar: m., kilometer


karakter : m., character kimak(mka): in, bug
karantin : m., quarantine kinuti: to sneeze
karanfil : m. carnation kip m., statue , :

karta f., card (playing, visiting), kiporezac m. sculptor


: : ,

map kirija: f., rent, hire, uzeti, pod,


karfiol m., cauliflower :
kiriju, to hire, to rent
kas m., trot
: kasa 6, m., trotter kisela voda f., mineral water
; :

kasati to trot :
(medicinal)
Pronounce: dj, dt, as ; in James z as in measure ; j as y in you; ;

}} as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo


-, ;

in room ;
h as ch in loch ; c as to in. cats a as sh in shout. ;
Ids] 24 [kon

i i rlina : ., acid ;
kobasica f., aau ago :

kiseljak : in., sorrel kobasicarnica f., pork-butcher's :

kiseo, -sela, -selo adj., acid, sour :


shop
kiseonik m., oxygen : kobac (kopca) : m., hawk, falcon
kit m., whale
: kobila : f., mare
Uita f., bouquet, fringe
:
kovati(kujem) to forge (of metal), :

kiiati (kiem): to sneeze to shoe (of horses), to mint


kisa f., rain;
:
pada, it raining is ( money )

kiSobran in., umbrella : kova6 : m., blacksmith


klavir m., piano : kovacnica f., blacksmith's shop,
:

kladenac m., fountain, well smithy


:

klanica f., slaughter-house, :


kovdeg m., trunk, case, coffer; :

shambles Xojev kovCeg, Xoah's Ark


klanjati se to bow, drop a curtsy kogod pron., whoever
: :

klasican, -cna, -6no adj., classical kod prep, (gen.), at, among, near, : :

klati (koljem) to slaughter (ani- in kod kuce, at home : ;

mals) ko5a f., skin, leather :

klevetati to calumniate kozan, -zna, -zno adj., leathern


: :

kleveta: f., calumny, false accusa- koiar m., tanner, leather- worker :

tion koza f., goat i :

1:1 eka f., juniper:


koji, -ja, -je: pron., who, which i

klet, -a, -o adj., accursed, damned kokarda :f., cockade :

kletva f., curse, oath : kokoska f., hen, fowl :

kleti (kuiiem) to curse, execrate : kola: n., pi., cart, carriage, wagon
kieti se to swear, to take an oath : kolar m., driver, carter, wagoner
:

klizav, -a, -o :
adj.. slippery i kolac m., cake :

klizatise : to slip, slide, skate' kolevka f., cradle :

klima climate : f., koleno n., knee :

klin m., ankle


: kolera f., cholera :

klinac, -nca m.. nail : : koliba f., hut :

klisura, f., defile, gorge koliki, -ka, -ko pron., which, what :

klobuk m., hat : koliko adv., how much, how many


:

klopka f., trap, gin : kolo : n., wheel, circle (of friends)
klupa : f., seat, bench Serbian dance
kljun : m., beak kolovoz m., August, rut (in a road) :

kljud : m., key kolotur m., pulley :

kmet : m. village mayor, komat, komad m., piece, bit, :

kneginja f., princess :


fragment, part
knezevina : f., principality komarac, komar m., gnat, mos- :

knez m., prince


:
quito
knjiga: f., book; voditi knjige. komedija : f., comedy
to do book-keeping komin, kamin : m., fireplace
knjigovezac: m., book-binder komora f., : train of transport
knjizar: m., book-seller wagons
knjizara, knjiiarnica f., bookshop :
komsija: m., komsijnica, f., neigh-
knjizevnik m., writer, author : bour
knjizevnost f., literature :
komsijluk m., neighbourhood :

ko pron., who ; ko ide ? who goes


: m., government building, konak :

there? night-quarters
Pronounce dj, d?:, as in Janir z as s in measure :
j as y in you _;' ; ; :

Ij as li in million nj as n in opin inn 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


; -.

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts i n c'./s ; & as eh in shout.


kon] 25 [kri

konac (-nca) m., cotton, thread :


krajni, -na, -no extreme, last, :

konop, konopac (-pea) m., cord, : furthest


rope, cable kralj m., king; Njegovo Velican-
:

kontrola f., control : stvo kralj, His Majesty the


konj : m., horse King ; u irne kraljevo, in the
konjica f., cavalry :
King's name
konjifiki adj., cavalry :
kralj evi6 : m., son of the King
konj ski adj., of horses:
kralj evina : f., kingdom
konjusar in., groom :
kralj evstvo m., royalty :

konjusnjica f., stables :


kralj evski: adj., royal
kopati to dig, excavate
:
kralj ica : f., queen
kopito n., kopita, f., horse-shoe
:
kralj ust f., tortoise-shell :

koplje n., lance, spear


: krasan, -sna, -sno adj., beautiful, :

kora f., bark (trees), trust


: fine, pretty
korablja f., ship, vessel : krasiti to d-ecorate :

koren m., root


: krasota f., beauty :

korist f., :
utility, use, benefit, krastavac m., cucumber :

profit krasti (kradem) to steal, rob :

koristan, -tna, -tno adj., useful, krat m., time : :

profitable kratak, -tka, -tko : adj., short,


koristiti to be useful, profitable
: brief
korman m., rudder, tiller
: kratkovid, adj., short-
kormanos m., pilot :
sighted
kornjada f., tortoise : kra6ati, kraSati to shorten, abridge :

korpa : basket f., krv f., blood


:

koa : m., blackbird krvav adj., bleeding :

kosa f., hair


: biti plave kose, to ; krvni, -na, -no adj., bloody, san- :

be fair guinary
kosa f., scythe
: krvnik m., murderer, assassin
:

kosac kosa<5 m., reaper


, : krevet m., bedstead :

kost f., bone (kosti, f., pi.)


: kreda f., chalk :

kostobolja f., gout : kremen m., flint :

kostur m., skeleton


: krenuti (-nem), to move, displace
kotao, (-tla) m., cauldron : kret m., movement
:

kotar m. district
: , kretati (krecem) to move, dis- :

kotva : f., anchor place


kocka : f., cube, dice kre6 m., lime
:
negaien kreS, ;

kofiijas : m., coachman quicklime gasen kre6, slaked ;

kosnica : f., beehive lime


kostan, -a, -o :
adj., of bone krodana f., lime-kiln :

kostanj : m., chestnut kre6iti to whitewash :

kosulja :
f., shirt, chemise kreitalica f., jay :

krava : f., cow kriv, -a, -o adj., curved, crooked, :

kradikesa m., pickpocket : tortuous, guilty nisam ja kriv, ;

kradljvac, -vca m., thief, robber : it's not fault ; uSiniti krivo, my
kradja: f., theft, larceny to do a wrong to any one
kraj., prep., next to, along .
krivaja f., curve :

kraj., m., end, extremity, country, krivac (-vca) m., criminal :

border, edge krivda : f., injustice, wrong


Pronounce j in James i, as a in measure
:
j as y in you
dj, d4, as ; ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church


;
u as oo ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ts in
;
cats as sh in shout. ; ;
kri] 26 [ku

kriviti to bend, to accuse


: krscanin :
m., krscanka, f., Chris-
krivica f., crime, fault : tian
kriz, kris m., semolina : kci f., daughter (kderi, pi.)
:

krijumc'ar m., smuggler : kuvar m., cook :

krijumdariti to smuggle : kuvati to boil, cook :

krilo : n., wing kugla f., ball, bullet,


:
globe,
krin :
m., lily marble
kristal m., crystal :
kuglanje n., skittles :

kridati (-<5im) to cry out, : shout kud, kuda adv., where, whither :

krletka : f., cage kuditi to blame, reproach


:

krma : f., rudder, tiller, helm kujna f., kitchen :

krmniti : to steer kukavica f., cuckoo, coward :

krman, krmano, krmar : m., pilot, kukati to lament, bewail :

helmsman kuku oh dear ! : !

krmilo rudder, tiller, helm


: n., kukuruz m., maize, Indian corn :

krov : m., roof kula f., tower


:
svetlilja kula, ;

kroz :
prep, (ace.), through, by, in lighthouse
(some days) kuluk m., enforced labour, corvee
:

kroj m., cut, mode, fashion


: kum, kumasin m., god-father :

kroja6 m., tailor : kuma, kumica f., god- mother :

krojadica f., dressmaker : kumfie n., godchild :

krompir, krumpir m., potato : kuna m., rabbit :

krpiti to mend :
kupaliSte n., bathing-place, batha :

krst m., cross


:
kupaonica f., bathroom :

krstarica f., cruiser :


kupati se to bathe, take a bath :

krstaski rat m., crusade :


kupatilo : n., bath, bathing-place,
krstionica f., font : baths
krstitelj : m., baptist kupac (-pea) m., buyer, purchaser
:

krstiti to baptize :
kupiti : to buy
krstiti to cross oneself:
kupus : m., cabbage kiseo kupus, ;

krtola f potato : . , sauer-kraut


krug m., circle, round
: kurac m., penis :

krugla : f., sphere, ball kurva f., prostitute :

kruzan, -zna, -zno adj., circular :


kurjak m., wolf :

kruna : f., crown kurjuk m., tress of hair, pigtail :

krunisati (-niem) : to crown kutija : f., box


krunisanje coronation : n., kuca :
f., house; kod ku6e, at
krupan, -pna, -pno adj., large, big : home
kruh m., bread ; krusac, loaf
: kudni, -na, -ne adj., domestic :

kruSka f., pear : kudnik m., ku6nica, f., house


:

kr6ma f., inn, public-house, pub


:
keeper
(vul.) kuhar, kuhad m., cook (man) :

krdmar m., innkeeper : kuharica, kuharka f., cook :

kr : m., rock krsan, -sna, -sno, ; (woman)


adj., rocky kuhati to cook, boil :

krSten, -a, -o :
adj., baptized, chris- kuhinja f., kitchen :

tened kucka : f., bitch

Pronounce dj dz, as : , in James ; z as a in measure j as y in you ; ;

m in opinion
.;'

Ij asin million
li nj as ; ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; i as ah in shout.
lab] 27 [Hs

L, JI.

labud m., swan :


lenger m., anchor :

lav m., lion


: lavica, f., lioness ; lep, -a, -o :
adj., pretty, beautiful.
lavor m., laurel :
charming, nice ; to nije lepo oil
lagan, -a, -o adj., slow : vas, that is not nice of you
lagano adv., slowly, softly, gently
:
lepost, lepota f., beauty :

ladan, -dna, -dno adj., cold :


lepak (-pka) gum, glue :

ladja f., ship, vessel


:
lepiti to stick, to glue
:

Ia2 : f., lie, story lepljiv, -a, -o :


adj., sticky, gumrm
laza f., lazljivac, m., liar
:
lepeza fan : f.,
lazan, zna, -zno adj., false, lying :
leptir, lepir m., butterfly :

lazica f., spoon : leska : f., lesnjik, m., hazel-nut


lak, -a, -o adj., light, easy : lestve, lestvice : f., pi., ladder, pair
Inkfit (-kta) : m., elbow of steps
lakom, -a, -o :
adj., greedy let : m. , flight ; leteti, to fly
lampa : f., lamp letva : f., lath
Ian m., flax
: leti : adv., in summer
lanac, -nca m., chain :
letnji, -ja, -je :
adj., summer
lane adv., last year
: leto : n., summer
lanski adj., of last year : letovati (letujem) : to pass the
laskav, -a, -o adj., flattering : summer
laskavac (-vca): m., flatterer letos : adv., this summer
laskavati to flatter, cajole :
liturgija : f., liturgy
lastavica f., swallow (bird) : leca f., Ie6e, n., lentils
:

latin: m., catholic; latinski adj., leci (legnem) : to go to bed


Latin leci (lezem) : to hatch, brood, sit
leb, hleb m., bread :
upon (jaja, eggs)
lebac, hlebac m., a loaf of bread :
leSenje : n., cure, treatment, heal-
levak m., funnel :
ing, remedy
levati to pour : Ie6iti to cure, treat, heal
:

levi, -va, -vo : adj., left leCiti se : to recover, get better


levo adv., to the left
: lecnik m., doctor, physician :

legati (lezem) to go to bed : les m., lesina, f., corpse, carrion,


:

led : m., ice carcass


leden, -a, -o, ledan, -dna, -dno :
adj., li :
conj., Serbian interrogative
icy form ; znate li ? do you know 7
ledenica : f., ice-house etc.
ledenik m., glacier : livada : f., meadow
ledeti : to freeze livati, liti (lijern) : to cast, melt,
ledja : f., back found
lezati (lezim) to lie down, go to : livnica f., foundry :

bed, repose, to rest; ovde l;zi, lizati (lizem) to lick :

here lies m., lily liljan :

lek m., lekarstvo, n., medicine,


: m., tin, sheet- iron lim :

remedy, drug limun m., lemon :

lekar m., doctor :


lipa f., lime tree :

len, -a, -o, lenj adj., lazy, indolent lipanj m., June : :

lenjivac m., a lazy fellow :lisac m., lisica, f., fox :

lenjost f., laziness : liskun : m., mica


Pronounce :
dj, dz, as j in James z as s in measure j as y in you ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as m in opinion ; 6, d, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; S as eh in shout.
Ms] 28

list m., leaf, sheet (of paper)


:
opovluk : m., lopovStina, f., theft.
listopad m., the fall (of leaves), :
larceny
October opta : f.,ball (tennis, football, etc.)
litar : m., litre, liter (nearly 1J ocika : f., lettuce
pints) o, -a, -o :
adj., bad, unfavourable,
liti (lijem) : to pour, spread, fill, coarse
mould .ubanja : f., skull
lice : n. , face, countenance, air, iubenica : f., water-melon
person lud, -a, -o :
adj., mad, foolish,
liCan, -cna, -6no adj., personal :
stupid, insane
lifiiti na
to resemble, to look like : ludak m., madman, lunatic
:

Ii6no adv., personally


: ludeti, luditi to become mad, : in-
lifinost f., person, personality : sane
lov m., hunt, chase, shooting
: ludilo : n., insanity, madness
lovnc : m., huntsman, sportsman ludnica : f., mad-house, asylum
lovadki adj., of the hunt, sporting : ludovati (ludujem) : to play the
loviti to hunt, chase, shoot, fish
: fool
logor m., camp logoriti, to camp
: ; ludost f., insanity, madness
:

loa f., box (in a theatre)


: luk m., beli luk, garlic
: ; crni
loiiti (vatru) to make a fire, to : luk, onion
light a stove lukav, -a, -o :
adj., crafty, artful,
loiica f., spoon :
sly, cunning
loza f., vine : lukac m., crafty, cunning person :

loj m., tallow


: lukavost f., lukavstvo, n., deceit, :

lorn m., breakage, rupture


: craftiness, dodge, trick
loman, -mna, -mno adj., brsak lula f., pipe pusitilulu, to smoke : : ;

able, fragile a pipe


lomiti to break, smash :
lumpovati to go out on the spree, :

lonac (-nca) m., pot, jar, stock- to rag :

pot, saucepan lutka f., doll, marionette :

loncar m. potter lutrija


: f., lottery
, :

lopar m., lopata, f., shovel


: lustura f., tortoiseshell :

lopov m., thief, robber, sneak


:

Lj, JL.

Ijiljak : m., lilac ljubitelj : m., amateur


m., ljubiti : to kiss, caress, love
Ijiljan :
lily
violet (flower)
ljubav f., love, affection, charity IjubiCica f.,
:
: ;

iz ljubavi prema . out of . .


ljubomoran, -rna, -rno : adj., jea-
love for u6initi kome ljubav, to ;
lous
doa favour za ljubav, for love of ; ljubomornost : f., jealoxisy
ljubavan, -vna, -vno adj., loving : ljubopitan, -tna, -tno : adj., curious,
ljubavnik : m., lover inquisitive
n., ljubopitljvost, f.,
ljubazan, -zna, -zno adj., amiable, ljubopitstvo :
:

agreeable, charming, delightful curiosity, inquisitiveness


ljubaznica: f., paramour, mistress ljudi m., pi., men, people
:

ljubac m., kiss Ijudozder rn., cannibal


:
:

ljubica f., favourite, violet Ijudski


: adj., human, ordinary :

(flower
v , ljuljka: f., cradle
Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James z as a in measure j as y in you: ; ; ;

in million nj as ni in opinion c, 6, as c/i in church u as oo


Ij as li
;
; ;

in room h as ch in loch ; c as f* in cats s as sh in shout.


;
;
29 [mar
ljuljkati : to rock, lull
ljuska *, :
shell,
f., oii^ii, i/vy* ^wiocojicn
tortoise-shell
ljutina,
annoyance
ljutnja : f., anger, rage,
ljut, -a, -o angry, irritated, ljutit adj., angry, furious
:
adj., :

furious (of food), sharp, peppery, ljutiti se to be angry, to get angry :


\

ljustura : f., tortoiseshell

M, M.
ma :
conj., but, even if malina : f., raspberry
rnagaza : f., magazin, m., store, malko adv., a little:

store-room, depot malo (manjecomp.,najmanjesup.):


magarac, -rca m., donkey, ass :
a little (less, least) ; za malo,
magla f., mist, fog : soon, in a little time malo kada, ;

maglen, -a, -o, maglovit : adj., rarely ; malo po malo, little by


little ; malo pre, a short time
misty, foggy
magnet : m., magnet ago u malo sto nisam pao, I all
;

magnetisati to magnetize :
but fell
magnuti (-gnem) to wink : malovaian, -2na, -2no :
adj., un-
madjije f., pi., magic : important
madjionik : rn., magician maloletnik m., minor :

madjionica :
f., sorceress, witch maloletnost: f., malolestvo, n.,
maz : m., grease, fat minority (in years)
mazati (maiem) to grease, oil : mama : f., mamma
mazga f., mazgov, m., mule
: mamac (-mca) :
m., bait
mazgar m., muleteer : mamiti : to bait
maziti : to caress, stroke, spoil (a mamuza spur : f. ,

child) mamuzati to spur on :

maj m., May


: manastir: m., monastery
maj a f., mamma :
mangal : m., brazier
maj dan m., mine (coal-mine, etc.)
:
mangup m., rascal, :
scoundrel,
majka f., mother : waif, lazy fellow
majmun: m., majmunica, f., mandal m., bolt :

monkey manisati (-isem): to find fault,


major : m., major criticize
majstor m., master :
(builder, manjak : m., deficit
plumber, etc.) manji, -ja, -je adj., lesser, smaller :

majur : m., farm manjina : f., minority


majc'in: -a, -o :
adj., maternal, of marama, maramica: f., kerchief,
the mother scarf, handkerchief
mak :
m., poppy marva f., cattle :

makaze : f., pi., scissors mar m., care, trouble


:

makazar :
in., knife-grinder mariti: to take interest in ; marim
makaja : f., rake ja, it does not matter to me ne ;

makljati : to rake mari nita, it does not matter


malil, -la, -lo :
adj., small, little, marljiv, -a, -o :
adj., attentive,
young; mali bozic, the new year studious, careful ;

iz malena, from childhood marljivost: f., attention, applica-


malina f., minority, small number
: tion
of people mnrjaS m., 6 para, a halfpenny :

Pronounce dj, d, as j in James 4 as s in measure j as y in you


:
; ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion c, 6, as ch in church u as oo ; m ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ta in cats


;
3 as sh in shout. ; ;
mar] 30 [mi!

marks f., mark, stamp; postan-


: merdevine : f., pi., ladder, steps
ska markn, postage-stamp (pair of)
mart m., March : rneriti to measure, weigh :

marSa f., myrtle : mermer : m., marble


masak m., mule : mesar m., butcher :

niaska : f., mask mesarnica f., butcher's shop :

maslina : f., olive-tree mesec m., month, moon :

maslo : n., puter, m., butter mese6ina f., moonlight, mensura- :

mast : m., lard, fat, grease tion


mastan, -sna -sno :
adj., fat, greasy meseSni, -na, -no : adj., monthly ;

mastiti : to grease meseSno, adv.


mastilo : n., ink meseSnik m., calendar :

mastionica : f., ink-pot meso : n., meat


matematika : f., mathematics mesoz'der m., carnivorous animal :

materija : f., matter, material, mestan, -sna, -sno adj., local :

stuff mesto n., place, position : na , ;

materinski adj., maternal : xi instead of ,

materinstvo n., maternity : mesto prep, (gen.), instead of, for


:

maceha f., step-mother : meta f., target :

mahovina f., moss : metak m., cartridge, shot (with


:

mad :m., sword a rifle)


maSevati to fence metal m., metal
: :

ina<5ak m., tom-cat : metar m., metre (meter) :

mafika f., cat : metvica f., mint, peppermint :

mnSala f., torch : metla f., broom, besom :

masina f., matches, machine : metnuti (metnem), metati (me6om):


maslija f., cravat, tie : to put, to place na rafiun, to ;

me, mene pron., me put on the bill


:

megdan m., battle-field, single


: mehana f., inn, public -house :

combat mehadija m., inn-keeper :

med m., brass


: mehur m., bubble, blister :

med m., honey


: mesavina f., mixture :

meden, -a, -o of brass adj., brazen mesati to mix, shuffle : ; :

medeni mesec m., honeymoon mesovit, -a, -o adj., mixed


: :

medovina f., mead meste prep., instead of, for


: :

medal j a f., medal : mi pron., we mi Srbi, we Serbs : ;

medved m., bear :


mig m., wink, sign :

medju prep, (ace., inst.), between, migati, mignuti to wink


: :

among mider m., corset, stays :

medjunarodan, -dna, -dno adj., in- milijun m., num. million : :

ternational milo mi je I am pleased, glad :

medjutirn adv., however milovati


:
(milujem): to caress,
mek, -a, -o adj., soft, tender stroke, make a fuss of
:

mekinje f., pi., bran : milosrdan, -dna, -dno adj., charit- :

melj : m., hop (plant) able


menjati to change, exchange : milosrdnik m., brother of charity :
1

menjac m., money-changer : milosrdnica f., sister of charity :

mera f., measure, measurement milosrdje n., charity, pity


: iz ;
: ;

po meri, to measure, by measure milosrdja, out of charity


Pronounce dj, d, as in James z as s in measure j as y in you
:
_;' ; ; ;

Jj
as li in million nj as ni in opinion 6, 3, as ch in church u as oo
; ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as t* in cats S as ah in shout.


; ; ;
mil] 31 [mok
milost : f., grace, indulgence, misao (misli), thought, idea
: f.
favour ; udinite mi tu milost, do misliti to think, reason, reflect
:

me this favour mitropolit : m., metropolitan, arch-


milostan, -tna, -tno :
adj., charm- bishop
ing, delightful, fascinating, ami- mis :
m., mouse slepi mid, bat ;

able misi6 m., muscle


:

milostiv, -a, -o :
adj., gracious, in- miska : f., armpit
dulgent, charitable misljenje : n., reflexion, thought,
milostinja f., alms : advice
milja f., mile
:
mlad, -a, -o :
adj., young, new,
inimo prep, (ace.), next to, before,
: fresh
near, against, in front of mlad mesec, mladina : the new
minder m., mattress : moon
mineral : m., mineral mladenac, mlad id m., :
youth,
ministar: m., minister young man, adolescent
ministar-predsednik m., premier, : mladost : ., youth, adolescence
prime- minister mladunac : m., mladunce, n., the
ministarski adj., ministerial :
young of an animal
ministarstvo n., ministry, ad- : rnlekar m., milkman, dairyman
:

ministration spolj nih poslova, ; mlekarnica : f., dairy, milk-shop


Foreign Affairs (Foreign Office) ; mleko : n., milk
unutraSnjih poslova, of the In- mleti (meljem): to grind (flour, etc.)
terior (Home Office) ; finansija, mlecan, -6na, -6no adj., milky :

of Finance (Treasury) ; vojno, of mlin : m., mill parni mlin, steam ;

War (War Office); pravde, of mill


Justice prosvete crkvenih
; mlinar : m., miller
poslova, of Education and Public mlinac : m., coffee-mill
Worship (Board of Education) ; mnogo adv., much, many, lot;
:

gradj evina, of Public Works ne mnogo, not much vrlo ;

(Board Works); privrede, of mnogo, very much


of Agriculture and Commerce mnogobrojan, -jna, -jno :
adj.,
(Board of Agriculture) (Board of numerable, many
Trade) mnozina, mnozina : f., quantity,
minut m., minute
: crowd
mio, mila, milo adj., dear, charm- : mnoziti to multiply :

ing mogucan, -6na, -cno : adj., possible.


mir : m., peace, repose, calm, capable
silence moguce : adv., possibly
rniran, -rna, -rno
: f., mogucstvo, n., pos-
:
adj., quiet, mogucnost
silent, peaceful sibility, means
miraz m., dowry
: moda f mode, fashion : . ,

miris : m., perfume, smell, odour moderan, -rna, -rno : adj., modern
mirisav, -a, -o, mirisljiv, -a, -o : mozda adv., perhaps :

adj., perfumed, aromatic, sweet- mozdina f., marrow (in bone) :

smelling mozak m. (mozga), brain :

mirisati (mirisem) to smell sweet moj, -ja, -je : pron., my, mine
:

miriti to quieten, appease, calm


: rnokar, -kra, -kro adj., wet, :

mirno : adv., peacefully, quietly soaked ; doknie, to the skin


mirta f., myrtle
: mokriti : to wet, soak, to pass water
Pronounce : dj, di., as j in James I as s in measure j as y in you ; ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; s as sA in shout.
;
mok] 32 [mus
mokrada f., urine : mrvica : f., crumb
molba f., request, prayer,:
petition mreia : f., network, net ; za ribu,
moler m., artist, painter
:
fishing
molitva f., prayer (to God) : mreti (mrem) to die :

moliti to pray, beg. ask, request


:
mrinja f., mrzost, f., hatred, dis-
:

molim vas if you please : like


moliti se (Bogu) to pray (to God) : mrzak, mrska, mrsko adj., hate- :

momak m. (mom6e, vocative), : ful, odious, abominable


youth, big boy, bachelor, waiter mrziti : to hate, detest
momfie, momc'ic in., : little boy mrznuti se (mrznem se) to freeze :

monah m., monk : mrk adj., black, dark brown


:

mora : f., nightmare mrkva : f., carrot


morati : to be necessary, must, mrlja : f., mark, spot
need, to be obliged moram idi, ; mrljati to dirty :

I must go mrsan, -sna, -sno adj., fat, greasy, :

more: n..Sea: Sredozemno Crveno, rich (of food)


Belo ili Jegejsko, Crno, Mrtvo, mrtav, -tva, -tvo adj., dead, in- :

Kaspijsko, Jadransko, Mediter- animate


ranean, Red, White or .'Egean, mrtvac m., corpse, dead body :

Black, Dead, Caspian, Adriatic mrtvadki sanduk m. coflin : f

moriti se to get tired mrcina f., mrsa, f., carrion


: :

mornar m., sailor, seaman mriav, -a, -o adj., thin (of people)
: :

morski adj., sea, marine : muva (muha) f., fly :

most m., bridge


: mudrac m., philosopher :

motka f., pole, stick : mudrost f., wisdom, philosophy :

mo6 f., power, force, strength


: mui m., husband :

mocan, -cna, -cno :


adj., strong, muka : f., suffering, pain, trouble
powerful, mighty i mi k a : f., flour
mo6nost f., power, strength : mula f., mule:

modi (mogu, mozes, moze), to be munara f., minaret :

able, may, to know mundir m., uniform, coat :

mosnje, moSnjice: f., pl. f scrotum munja f., lightning :

mrav m., ant : musliman, muslo:nan m., Mus- :

mravinjak m., ant-hill : sulman, Moslem


mraz m., frost, intense cold
: musti (muzem) to milk :

inrazan, -zna, -zno adj., frosty, : mustra f., sample :

icy, very cold mutan, -tna, -tno adj., troubled :

mrak : m., darkness, obscurity, (water), cloudy


gloaming u mrak, in the
; twi- muha : f., fly
light ; po mraku, groping muhamedanac : m., Mahometan
mramor : m., marble mu6an, -6na, -5no :
adj., painful,
mrasa : f., measles difficult
mracan, -Sna, -5no :
adj., dark, ob- muCati (muSim) to be quiet, silent :

scure mucenik m., martyr :

mradna komora : f., dark-room muciti to torment, torture


:

mrac'iti se (mra6i -e) : to get dark mu6no adv., with great difficulty,
:

narva: f., crumb (not crust) of trouble


bread muski :
adj., male, masculine

Pronounce : James 4 as s in measure j as


dj, dz, as j in ; ; y in you ;

Ij as U in million nj as nt in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church


; ; u as otr

In room ; h as cA in loch ; c as ts in cats ; & as sh in shcvt.


na] 33 [nap

N, H.
na prep., to, on, in, on to, by;
:
nadigrati : to win (at games)
dete je palona zemlju, the child nado : n., steel
fell down ; Siveti na ostrvu, to naduriti se to solk :

live on an island ; na kolima, by nadjubriti to manure :

carriage na istoku, in the east ; ; nazad, nazada adv., back, back- :

na primer, for example wards


nabavljati : to procure, furnish, nazadan, -dna, -dno adj., reaction- :

supply ary
na blizu adv., near by : nazdravica f., toast, health :

nabor m., fold, wrinkle


: nazdraviti to drink a health, toasl :

na brzo adv., soon, quickly


: na zdravlje Your health ! !

navada f., habit, custom : naziv : m., name, term


navek adv., always, for ever
: na izust adv., by heart
:

navika f., habit, custom, practice


:
naj most (superlative affix) :

navikavati, naviknuti (naviknem) najam m., letting, hiring ; dati : :

to be used to, accustomed to pod najam, to let


naviknuti se to get accustomed, najbrze adv., as quick as possible
: :

used najve6i, -ca, -de adj., the greatest, :

navlaka f., pillow case, covering


:
largest
navrh prep., on the top of
:
najedno sudden : adv., of a
naglasak m., accent :
najezda f., invasion :

nagluh, -a, -o, nagluv, -a, -o :


adj., najzad adv., at last, finally
:

deaf najmanje: adv., the least


nagnuti se (nagneni se) to lean, to :
najposle: adv., at last, finally
lean out najpre adv., first of all
:

nagovoriti to persuade : nakit m., jewel


:

nagon m., instinct, impulse


: naknada : f., compensation, in-
iiagrada f., reward, recompense,
:
demnity
remuneration, prize, wages, salary naknaditi : to compensate
uagraditi, nagradjivati (-djujem) : na kraj prep, (gen.), at the end of
:

to reward, remunerate, recom- nalog m., order


:

pense naloziti : to order


nad, nada prep, (ace., inst.) : : on, f., intention, object, pur-
above, over pose
nad m., nada, f., hope
: nameran, - -rno :
adj., inten-
nada f., steel
: tioned
na daleko adv., far : off nameriti, nameravati : to intend,
nadanje n., hope : to mean, to propose to
nadati se to hope, to expect :
nameStaj m., furniture, household :

nadgroban, -bna, -bno adj., :


goods
funereal namesten, -a, -o adj., furnished :

nadgrobno slovo n., funeral speech : naniz m., necklace


:

nadgrobni kamen : m., tombstone nanovo : adv., anew


nadgrobni, natpis : m., epitaph naocari m., pi., spectacles
:

nadezda : f., hope napad m., attack, charge


:

na desno adv., to the right


:
napadati, napasti, napadem to at- :

nadzornik m., inspector : tack, charge


Pronounce dj, di, as j in James ; 4 as a in measure ; j as y in you ;
:

Ij as Zi in million nj as ; m
in opinion ; 6, 5, as ch in church ; u as oo
in room h as ch in loch ; o as t* in cats ; 6 as ah in shout.
;
nap] 34 [nez

na pamet : adv., by heart nau6an, -5na, -Cno :


adj.. Je-arned,
naplata : f., payment, pay scientific
na poljeadv., iei, to go out: nauciti to learn, teach
:

na poljuadv., outside : naucnik m., scientist :

napomena f., note, observation, : nadelnik : m., director, chief ;

remark , okrufcni , prefect sreski ;

na posletku adv., at last, finally :


sub-prefect
napred prep., forward, in front
: nafielstvo n., prefecture :

nanredovati to advance nadin in., manner, method, way ;


: :

naprotiv adv., on the contrary : na svaki nadin, in any case


naravno adv., naturally, of course nas, -a, -e pron., our
: :

na ravno adv., equally :nasto ? why T


naramnici m., pi., braces ne adv., no, not
: :

narandza f., orange nebesa n., pi., the heavens, skies


: , :

naredba ., order, rule, prescrip- noblagodaran, -rna, -rno


:
adj., uu- :

tion grateful
narediti : to order, command, pre- neblagodarno3t f., ingratitude
:

scribe nebo : n., sky, heaven


narednik m., sergeant-major :
nebrojen, -a, -o adj., innumerable :

narod m., people, nation, crcwd


: nebula f., niece (sister's daughter) :

narodan, -dna, -dno adj., national, nevaljalac m., scapegrace, good- : :

popular for-nothing fellow, waster


narodiiost f., nationality neven m., marigold
: :

uarocit, -a, -o adj., special, parti- neverovatan, -tna, -tno adj., in-
: :

cular credible
narocito adv., especially, on pur- neverovatnost : f., unlikelihood,
pose improbability
narurneniti to blush : nevesta f., fiancee, bride :

na sarno adv., alone :


nevidljiv, -a, -o :
adj., invisible
naseliti : to colonize, to people nevin, -a, -o :
adj., innocent, can-
naskoro adv., soon : did, chaste
nasledak : m., inheritance, succes- nevinost f., innocence :

sion negda adv., formerly


:

naslediti to inherit, succeed :


negde : somewhere adv.,
naslednji, -ja, -jo adj., hereditary :
nego coiij., than, but
:

naslednik m. f heir, successor : nedavno adv., not long ago :

naslednica f., heiress :


nedolja f., Sunday, week: : na
nasledstvo, nasledje : n., inherit- nedelju, by the week velika or ;

ance strasna nedelja, Holy Weelx ;


naslov m., title, inscription, ad-
: svetla nedelja, Easter week
dress nedeljno adv., weekly :

naslonjafia f., armchair :


nedovoljan, -jna, -jno adj., in- :

nasred prep., in the middle of


: sufficient
ti, nastavljati to continue, : nedra : n., pi., breast, bosom
go on with nezavisan, -sna, -sno :
adj., inde-
naipis m., inscription, address
:
pendent
natrag prap., back, backwards
: nezavisnost f., independence :

naci (nadjem) to find, discover :


nezadovoljan, -jna, -jno adj., dis- :

nauka f., science


: satisfied
Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James ; z as 8 in measure ; j as y in you ;

Ij as li in million nj as
; m
in opinion ; c, 6, as ch in church ;
u as on
in room ; h aa ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as eh in shout.
nez] 35 [ties

nezadovoljnost f., nezadovoljstvo, :


neodgovoran, -rna, -rno :
adj., irre-
n., dissatisfaction, displeasure sponsible
nezakonit, -a, -o adj., illegal :
rieodgovornost f., irresponsibility :

nezakonitost f., illegality :


neodlufian, -cna, -dno adj., un- :

nezahvalan, -Ina, -Ino :


adj., un- decided
grateful neodluc'nost : f., indecision
nezahvalnost : f., ingratitude nepazljiv, -a, -o adj., inattentive :

nezgoda f., inconvenience, dis-


:
iiepazljivost, uepnznja f., inatten- :

comfort tion
nezgodan, -dna, -dno adj., in- :
nepismen, adj., illiterate -a, -o :

convenient, uncomfortable neplodan, -dna, -dno adj., sterile :

nezdrav, -a, -o adj., unhealthy :


nepogoda f., storm, tempest :

neznaboiac m., heathen :


nepoznat, -a, -o adj., unknown :

neizvestan, -tna, -tno :


adj., un- nepokretan, -tna, -tno adj., im- :

certain movable
neizleiv :
adj., incurable neposlusan, -sna, -sno, nepokoran,
neiskren, a, adj., insincere, -rna, -rno adj., disobedient :

fals neposluSnost, nepokornost p., dis- :

nek, neka :
conj., that obedience
nekakav, -kva, -kvo :
pron., some, nepotreban, -bna, -bno adj., use- :

certain less, unnecessary


nekati (neSem) to deny :
neprav, -a, -o adj., unjust, wrong :

neki, -ka, -ko^ pron., some one or nepravda f., injustice I :

other neprestano : adv., constantly


neko, nekoji pron.. some one, one neprijatan, -tna, -tno adj.,
: :

nekolika m., n., pi., iiokolike, f.,


:
pleasant
pi., pron., some neprijatnost f., unpleasantness :

nekoliko pron., some :


neprijatelj m., neprijateljica, :
f.,
nekretan, -tna, -tno adj., im- enemy :

movable, fixed neprijatelj ski : adj., hostile


nem adj., mute
:
neprijateljstvo n., hostility :

nemak m., nemkinja, f., mute


:
nepristojan, -jna, -jno adj., rude, :

nemar :
m.,nemarljivost, f., nemar- impertinent, insolent
nost, f., negligence, indolence, :

nepristojanost f., impertinence, :

laziness rudeness
nemaran, -rna, -rno, nemarljiv, -a, nepromenljiv, -a, -o adj., irivari. :

-o adj., indifferent, negligent


:
able, unchangeable
nemati (nemam) not to have : ; .

nepce (nepceta) : n., nepca (ne-


neraa nista, there is nothing baca) : n., pi., the palate (of the
nemilost m., unkindness:
mouth)
nemilostiv, -a, -o : unkind nerandia f., orange
i
:

nemoj, nemojmo, nemojte but no! neraspoloien, -a, -o


:
adj., ill- :

don't !
tempered, grumpy
nemotSan, -6na, -6no :
adj., weak, nered m., confusion, disorder, un- :

feeble tidiness
nenadan, -dna, -dno adj., un- I neredovan, -vna, -vno adj., : irre-
expected gular, untidy
neobifian, -6no adj., extra-
-6na, :. . . ne samo nego not only
. . . :

ordinary, strange, curious I but also


Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James i as s in measure j as y in you ;
:
; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo ;

in room h as ch in loch
; c as is in cats as ah in shout. ; ;
nes] 36 [noc

nesvestica, nevestnost f., faint, : niko :


pron., nobody
syncope, loss of consciousness nikoji :
pron., nobody
nesiguran, -ma, -rno : adj., un- nikoliko adj., not at all
:

certain nikud adv., nowhere:

nesigurnost f., uncertainty : nimalo adv., not at all :

nespokojan, -jna, -jno adj., anxi- nisam, nisi, nije, nismo.niste, nisu t
:

ous I am not, thou art not, etc. ...


nesposoban, -bna, -bno adj., in- nitko pron., nobody : :

capable niSan m., target :

nesposobnost f., incapacity nisaniti : to take aim, to point :

nesreda f., misfortune, disaster, nista pron., nothing


: :

accident niStiti to annihilate, destroy :

nesrecan, -6na, -6no adj., un- no conj., but : :

happy, unfortunate, unlucky, nov, -a, -o adj., new, fresh, re- :

fatal cent s nova, again, over again ;

netadan, -6na, -5no adj., inexact, Nova Godina f., New Year: :

incorrect novae m., money sitan novae, : ;

necak m., nephew (son of sister)


: small change imate li novactx ;

necakinja f., niece (daughter of :kod sebe ? have you any money
sister) on you T
neudata adj unmarried ( of a girl )
: . , novembar m., November :

neumeren, -a, -o adj., intemperate, :


j
novine f., pi., newspaper, news :

immoderate I
novinar m., journalist :

neumerenost f., intemperance : novinarstvo n., journalism :

neumoran, -rna, -rno adj., inde- :


novorodjen, -a, -o adj., nev.-ly- :

fatigable, untiring born


neuredaii, -dna, -duo :
adj., dis- novost f., news :

orderly, untidy novfinnik m., novSanica, f., purse :

neuspeh m., failure : novdid m., kreutzer :

nedist, -a, -o : adj., dirty, impure noga foot, leg


: f.,
nec'ovec'an, -6na, -6no : adj., in- noi (noievi) m., knife :

human noii6 : m., pocket-knife


nesto pron., something, a little
: notice f., pi., scissors :

ni conj., nor; ni .
: . ni, neither nozdrva f., nostril . :

. nor
. .
noj., m., ostrich
nigda adv., never : nokat (nokti) m., finger-nail :

nigde adv., nowhere


: norac (-rca) m., diver :

nize prep., below, lower


: nos m. nose ide mi krv na nos, : , ;

nizi adj., lower, inferior


:
my nose is bleeding
niz prep, (ace.), going down
: niz nosafi m., porter ; :

vodu, down stream nosila n., pi., stretcher :

nizak, niska, nisko adj., low nositi to carry: :

nijedan, -dna, -dno adj., not one, nosnica f., nostril : :


:

none, nobody nosorog m., rhinoceros :

nikad, -a adv., never : no6 f., night :

nikakav, -kva, -kvo pron., none, no6u, no6om adv., during tht : :

not any night, at night laka (dob raj ;

nikako adv., not at all, by no


: noc good-night ! !

nodas adv., to-night :

Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James ; 2 as s in measure ; j as y in yon ;
Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, f as ch in church ; u as oo ,

in room ;
h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as sh in shout.
nodj 37 [obi

nociti to spend the night


:
nuzdan, -dna, -dno adj., necessary :

no6ni, -na, -no adj., nocturnal, of : nuznik m., water-closet ici u :


;
the night nuiiiik, i6i na polje, to go to the
nocnik m., chamber : w.c. za gospodje, for ladies za ; ;

noSiija : f., nosivo, n., costume, gospodu, for men


dress nula f., nought, zero :

nu conj., but
:
nurija : f., parish
uuzda f., necessity, need
:
nurijaS : m., parishioner

Nj,
njakanje : n., bray njiskati, njiStati (-stim) to neigh :

njakati (njafiem) to bray :


njihati (njiiem): to rock, swing
njegov, -a, -o pron., his :
njihov, -a, -o, njin, -a, -o pron., :

njezin, -a, -o, njen, -a, -o pron. their


her njuska : f., muzzle, snout
njisak m., neigh :

0, 0.
o :
prep., about, towards, on obilnost : f., obilje, n., abundance
o interj., oh
: ! obim : m., circumference
oba, obe, oboje adj., both : obi6i se (obiknem se) to get accus- :

obavezan, -zna, -zno, or obvezan : tomed, to get used


adj., compulsory, binding, obliga- obidaj m., custom, fashion, usage,
:

tory habit po obi<5aju, as a rule


;

obavezati or obvezati (obavezem) : obifian, -6na, -dno: adj., usual,


to compel, force, oblige ordinary, common, custom iry
obavezati se, obvezati se to under- : obicno adv., usually, as a rule
:
;

take, promise kao obidno, as usual


obaveznica, obveza f., obligation objava f., announcement, order, : :

obavestiti to inform advertisement, notice, publica-


:

obaveltenje n., information tion :

obadva, -dve, -dva adj., both objaviti, objavljivati (-ljujem) to : :

obadvojica f., the two, both publish, announce, declare


:

obala f., bank (river), coast, shore objasniti to explain, interpret


: :

obao, obla, oblo adj., round objasnjenje, objasnjavanje n., ex- : :

obaska adv., separately : planation


obe f., pi., both
: oblak m., cloud :

obe6avanje n., obe6anje, n., oblast f


:
province, territory, : . ,

promise country, authority


obecavati, obedati to promise oblastan, -tna, -tno adj., terri- : :

obesenjak m., gallows-bird, scoun- torial


:

drel oblacan, -6na, -6no adj., cloudy :

obzir m., consideration, regard; obladiti se to dress


: :

u obziru, in consideration of obligacija f., obligation '


:

obzirati se to consider, think over obliznji, -nja,


:
-nje : adj., near,
obzirom adv., in consideration of
:
neighbouring
obilan, -Ina, -Ino adj., abundant, oblica f., pole, stick : :

plenty obloga f., poultice I


:

Pronounce dj, di,, as j in James ; i as s in measure


:
j as ; y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni, in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; ; u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as in cats 5 as sh in shout. i.-. ;
obm]
obumna : f., illusion, fraud, decep- ovo, -godisnji, -godnji :
adj., of this
tion year
obmanuti to deceive, take in :
ovoj m., poultice
:

obnavljati to renew, remake : ovratnica f., cravat, tie :

obnoviti to renew, repair, remake : ovca f., sheep (ovce, f., pi.)
:

obodci : m., pi., ear-rings ovfiar m., shepherd:

oboje n., obojica, f., both


: ovSarica, ovSarka f., shepherdess :

oboleti, obolestiti : to fall ill ovSevina f., mutton :

obor m., enclosure (land)


: ovfiina : f., sheep-skin
obradovati to please, give pleasure, : ovdica : f., lamb
rejoice ovcji, -ja, -je adj., of sheep :

obradovati so : to be pleased, to ogledalo n., mirror, looking-glass :

rejoice ogledati se to look at oneself, to ba :

obraz m., cheek, face: reflected


obrazina f., mask ognojiti se
: to suppurate :

obrazov, -a, -o, obrazovan, -vna, ognjiSte n., hearth, fire-place :

-vno adj., educated, civilized, ograda f., enclosure, hedge, pal-


: :

cultured ing, fence


obrazovanje n., development, cul- :
ograditi, ogradjivati to enclose, :

ture, education hedge, fence


obrazovati (-zujem): to educate, ogrepsti (ogrebem) to scratch :

develop ogrlica f., necklace :

obrva f., eyebrow :


ogrozd, ogroz m., gooseberry :

obrijati (obrijem) to shave :


ogroman, -mna, -rnno :
adj., enorm-
obrisafi duster, dish-cloth : in., ous, gigantic
obrok m., ration, portion: od, oda : prep, (gen.), of, from,
obru6 m., hoop, circle : since, than ; od kad, since
obuzeti (-uzmem) to seize, take : when
obutise (obujemse), obuvatise to oda f., ode : :

put on (socks, shoes, etc.) odavde, oda vie : adv., from here, of
obu6a f., covering for the feet
: here
(boots, shoes, etc.) odavno : adv., since a long time,
obudar m., boot-maker, cobbler:
formerly
obu6i se (obudem se) to dress (one- : odakle adv., whence, from where
:

self) odande :adv., from there


ovaj, ova, ovo :
pron., this, these odatle : adv., from there, here
ovakav, ovaki :
pron., this, these, odbor : m., committee, council,
like, such commission
ovako : adv., thus, in this man |
odborni, odborski adj., of a com- :

ner mittee
ovamo: adv., here, over here ; odi odbornik m., member of com- :

ovamo come here ! ! mitteo, counsellor


ovamo onamo here and there : odviSe adv., too much :

ovas m. (zob, m. ), oats


: odvratan, -tna, -tno adj., disgust- :

ovdaSnji, -ja, -je adj., of here, of :


ing, repulsive
this place odvratnost f., disgust, dislike, :

ovde adv., hero : aversion


ovde onde here and there : odvrta6 m., screw-driver :

ovo pron., this


:
odgovor m., answer reply :

Pronounce dj, : di, as j in James 4 as in measure


; j as y in you ; ;

I
j as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion 6, C, as ch in church
; u as oe ;

in room ;
h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; 6 as sh in shout.
odg] 39

odgovoran, -rna, -rno adj., n., retreat, retirement : re- odstupanje :

sponsible, liable odstup, -ati, -iti to retreat, retire :

odgovoriti to answer, reply odsutan, -tna, -tno adj., absent


: :

odgovornost f., responsibility odsustvovati to be absent


: :

odelo n., clothes, garments


: odsustvo : n., absence
odeliti to separate, divide
:
odug, -a, -o : adj., oblong
odeljak m., odeljenje, n., section, oduzati : to lengthen
:

department, quarter oduzeti (oduzmem), oduzimati to :

odeada adv., from behind


:
subtract, deduct
odjek m., echo:
oduzimanje n., subtraction :

odjekivati, odjeknuti (-nem) : to oieg m., poker :

echo, resound ozeniti se: to marry (of a man)


odlaganje n., postponement :
ozenjen, -8, -o adj., married :

odlazak (odlaska) m., departure, : ozeci (ofezem) : to burn


exit, way out ozujak : m., March
odlaziti : to depart, leave ozad adv., from behind
:

odliv m., ebb-tide, low- tide


:
ozbilja, ozbiljnost : f., seriousneb*,

odlikovanje n., distinction, decor- :


severity, gravity
ation ozbiljan, -jna, -jno adj., serious, :

odlikovati (-kujem) to decorate :


grave
(with an order, etc.) ozbiljno, ozbiljski : adv., seriously,
odlikovati se (-kujem) to dis- :
really
tinguish oneself ozdraviti : to cure, heal, get better
odlidan, -cna, -6no adj., excell?nt, : ozebao, -bla, -bio : adj., frozen, icy
eminent, illustrious, distinguished ozepsti (ozebem) : to take (catch)
odloiiti, odlagati (-laiem) to post- : cold
pone, put off oznojti se (oznojim se) : to sweat,
odmah : adv., immediately perspire
odmor, odmorak m., rest, repose, :
oj :
interj., oh !
half oje : n., carriage-pole
odmoran, -rna, -rno : adj., rested okean m., ocean :

odmoriti se : to rest, repose okle adv., whence:

odobraviti : to approve oklevetati to calumniate :

odrastao, -sla, -slo :


adj., adult, oklopnica f., ironclad :

grown up oko prep. (gen. ), about, towards


:

odred m., detachment


: oko : n., eye ; o6i (ociju), f., pi. ;

odredba f., definition :


slepo oko, n., temple (of head; ;

odrediti : to define, fix, determine imati dobro oko, to have good


odredjen, -a, -o :' adj., decided, sight ; u detiri oka, tete-a-tete ;

determined, fixed to pada u ofii, it is obvious


odreci (odrec'eni), odricati (odri- okolina : f., okolica, f., surround-
c'em ) deny, renounce, to break
:
ings, neighbourhood
one's word okolni, -na, -no :
adj., neighbour-
odrecan, -6na, -6no adj., negative :
ing, round about
odseliti so to emigrate : okolo : prep, (gen.), about, sur-
od?eci (odsccem) to carve, slice :
rounding, round about
odsecak m., slice, segment: okonSati, okondavati to finish :

od skora adv., recently :


okopati : to dig
od* eka ebb-tide, low-tide: okratiti to shorten :

Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James ; z as s in measure ; j as y in t/cm ;

Ij as it in million ; nj as nt in opinion : 6. C, as c.h in chttrcli : u as 00


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as te in cats ; & as sh in shout..
okr] 40

okrenutise (okrenem, etc.): to turn opek m., opeka, f., brick


:

okretati (okredem) to turn, turn :


operacija f., operation :

round opet adv., again


:

okre&iti : to white-wash opetak m., heel (of a shoe) :

okriviti : to accuse opiljci (Ijaka) m., pi., filings :

okrug : m., district opis m., description


:

okrugao, -gla, -glo :


adj., round, opisati, opisivati to describe :

circular, rotund opisati podrobno to give details :

okruglina, okruglost : f., roundness, oplakati (oplafiem), oplakivati, to


rotundity mourn, lament
okruzni nac'elnik m., Prefect :
opna f., membrane
:

oktobar : m., October opomenuti se, opominjati se : to


olaj m., linseed-oil
: remember, to recall oneself
olovan, -vna, -vno, olovski adj., :
oprostiti to forgive, pardon :

lead oprostiti se to say good-bye :

olovka f., pencil :


opsada f., siege :

olovo n., lead :


opsaditi, opsadjivati (-djujem) : to
oltar : m., altar besiege, invest
oluja f., storm, tempest
:
opsadnik m., besieger :

oluk m., gutter, eaves


:
opsec m., heel (of a shoe)
:

omak m., omakinja f., foal


: :
optuzenik m., accused :

omraza : f., hatred optufcivanje n., accusation :

on, ona, ono pron., he, she, it optuiivati (-2ujem), optuziti to


: ; :

oni, one ; ona, they accuse


onaj, ona, ono pron., that one, opustiti : to devastate, sack
:

that opustoaenje : n., devastation


onajz m., aniseed :
opsiran, -rna, -rno adj. .extensive, :

.onakav, -kva, -kvo pron., of this vast :

kind, sort op&irno adv., fully, in detail :

onako adv., thus, in this way


:
opti, -ta, -to adj., general, com- :

onanio adv., there, over there


:
mon, public
onda adv., then, and then, aiter opstina : f., municipality, parish,
:

that town-hall
onde adv., there, by there
:
opstinar : m., counsellor
onolik, -i, -a, -o pron., of this size opstinski : adj., municipal, paro
:

onoliko adv., as much as : chial


onomad adv., the day before optinski sud : m., town-hall
:

yesterday orao (orla) m., eagle :

op : interj., hop
! orah m., walnut ! :

opadanje n., fall, descent, slope : orahovina f., walnut wood :

opaclati to fall (of leaves) :


orguljar m., organist :

opax.iti to notice, observe


:
orgulje n., organ :

opaklija: f., sheepskin orden m., order, decoration :

onanak m., opanka, m., opanke, oriz m., rice


: :

p!., ncrbian sandals orijai m. )4giant :

npancar in., sandal maker : orman m., cupboard :

opasan, -sna, -sno adj., dangerous orudje n., tool, instrument


: :

opasnost : f., danger, peril, risk oruzati to arm :

opasti (opadnem) to grow thin oruzje n., weapon, arms


: :

Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James ; as a in measure


:
j as y in you ;

}} as li in million nj as in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church


; u as oo m ; ;

iii room h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; & as sh in shout.


;
OS] 41 [otk

os m., osa, f., wasp


: osoban, -bna, -bno adj., personal, :

osam num. eight


: individual
osama f., solitude, isolation
: osobeni adj., particular, special
:

osamdeset num. eighty : osobina : f., speciality, quality


osamiti : to isolate osobit, -a, -o : adj., particular,
osamnaest num. eighteen :
special, distinct, characteristic,
osvedofiiti to bear witness :
separate
osveta f., vengeance, revenge
: osobito adv., separately, particu-
:

osvetan, -tna, -tno, osvetljiv : re- apart


larly,
vengeful osobnost f., personality, individu-
:

osvetiti to revenge, avenge


:
ality
osvetnik : m., osvetnica, f., avenger osovina f., axle, axle-tree
:

osvetiti, osvecivati : bless, ordain osoliti to salt


:

osvetliti to illuminate, light


:
ospa f., rash, eruption
:

osvetljenje n., light, illumination :


ospice f., pi., spots
:

osvitak m., day-break, dawn


: ostaviti to leave :

osvojiti to conquer : ostavka : f., resignation, abdication


oseban, -bna, -bno isolated : ostali, -la, -lo :
adj., remaining
osedlati to saddle : m., pi., the rest, remains ; ostali :

osem, osim: prep. (gen. ), excepting, u ostalom, besides


besides ostareti (-rim) to age, get old :

osetan, -tna, -tno adj., sensitive, ostatak m., rest, remains, residue : :

susceptible ostati (ostanem) to remain, per- :

osetiti, osecati to feel sist :

osetljiv, -a, -o adj., sensitive, ostrvo, ostrovo : n., island, isle


:

ticklish ostrvce : n., islet


osetljivost ., susceptibility, sensi- ostriga, ostrica f., oyster
: :

tiveness ostrica : f., the edge (of a knife)


osecaj m., feeling, sensitiveness
:
ostroga : f., blackberry
csigurati to insure, assure
: osuda f., sentence :

osiguranje n., insurance, assurance


: osuditi : to sentence, condemn
osinjak m., wasp's nest :
(na smrt, to death)
osica : f., wasp osudjenik m., condemned, pris- :

oslar m., donkey-boy, muleteer


: oner, convict
osloboditi to deliver, set free : osusiti : to dry
oslobodjenje n., deliverance otac (oca) : m., father
:

osmevati se to smile otadzbina f., otaCastvo, n., father-


: :

osmejak, osmeh m., smile land :

osmi, -a, -o adj., the eighth otvor : m., opening


:

osmina : f., an eighth otvoren, -a, -o : adj., open, frank,


osnova : f., base, plan, foundation, sincere
bottom otvoreno adv., openly :

osnovan, -vna, -vno : elemen- otvoriti to open


adj., :

tary oti6i (otidem) to go away :

osnovna Skola f., :


elementary otkada adv., since when
:

school otkar m., refusal, renunciation


:

osnovati, osnivati : to ground, otkazati (otkazem) to refuse :

found, create otkrivati, otkriti (-ijem) to dis- :

osoba f., person, individual


: cover, expose, invent
Pronounce dj, di, as j in James ; I as s in measure ; j as y in you
: ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo; m


in room ; h as ch in loch : c as ts in cats ; & as eh in shout.
otk] 42 [pak

otkuda : whence
o6ekivanje : n., expectation, wait-
adv.,
otmica f rape : .
ing
,

otmicar m., ravisher : oSekivati (-kujem) to expect, :

otocanin m., islander : wait for


otpraviti, otpravljati : to send, o<$ena m., Pater noster, tiia :

despatch Lord's prayer


otpravnik m., sender oSi : f., pi. (oeiju), eyes :

otpravnik, poslova charge d'- oCin, oSev ndj., of the father : :

affaires oSinci m., pi., small shot :

otpust m., leave, furlough


: oCistiti to clean, purify, to wash :

otpustiti to send away (of people)


:
(salad)
otputovati: to leave (by carriage, oit, -a, -o adj., evident, clear :

horse, etc.) ofini kapak m., eyelid :

otrov m., poison, venom


: ocuh m., stepfather :

otrovan, -vna, -vno adj., poison- odzak m. (dimnjak), chimney; : :

ous, venomous Cistiti , to sweep a chimney,


otrovati to poison : odzafiar m. (dimnja<5ar), chimney, :

otrok m., male servant


:
sweeper, sweep
ocelaveti, odelaviti to get bald osisati to shear, clip, cut (hair)
: :

oficir m., officer


:
ostar, -tra, -tro adj., sharp, severe, :

ohol, -a, -o : adj., proud, superb pointed


oholost f., pride, vanity : ostro ugao acute angle :

ocat m. (octa), vinegar


: ostetiti to damage, spoil :

ocena f., valuation, estimate


: ostrina f., edge, sharpness, sour- :

oceniti to value, estimate


:
ness, severity, strictness
o6ajavati to despair ostriti
: to sharpen :

ofiajan, -jna, -jno adj., desperate ostric m., ostrica, f., blade, edge,
: :

ofiajanje n., ocajiiost, f., despair


:
point
ofiali, ocari m., pi., spectacles ostrljat, ostar
:
adj., pointed :

o6evidan, -dna, -dno adj. obvious, ostrouman, -mna, -mno adj., in- : , :

evident genious, subtle


oSevina f., oSinstvo, n., patrimony ostroumnost f., ingeniousnesa
: :

odevski, ofiinski adj., paternal :

p, n.
pa :
conj., and, then pazariti, pazarivati (-rujem) to :

pavit m., -ina., f., clematis


: bargain, haggle, to shop, market
pad m., fall, slope, bankruptcy
: pazarni, pazarski, pazaran, -rna :

padavica f., epilepsy : adj., market


padavifiav, -a, -o adj., epileptic pazi : iriterj., look out
: ! !

padati to fall, fail, perish


: paziti to take care, be careful, to :

padati, kisa, sneg to rain, snow care for, look after :

padnuti (padnem) to fall pazuh m., pazuha, f., arm-pit : :

paznja f., attention,:


regard, pajac m., palliasse, clown :

esteem pak conj., and, then, but :

pazljiv, -a, -o adj., attentive pakao (pakla) m., hell


: :

pazar m., bazaar, market, market- paklen, -a, -o, paklenski adj., in-
:
:

place fernal, hellish


Pronounce dj, df as j in James i as e in measure j as y in you ;
: , : ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion c, 6, as rh in church ;


u as oo ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ts in cats S as sh in shout.


; ; ;
pak] [pas

paklina :
papren, -a, -o adj., peppery, hot
f.. tar :

pakovati paprika f., paprika, red pepper


: to pack :

palanka f., :
borough, town
paprikas m., national dish of :

palanadki adj., provincial meat and red pepper, etc.


:

palata, pala<5a f., palace papriti to pepper, season : :

palac (-lea) m. thumb, toe, inch papula f., puree of beans


: ( :

(about 3 cm.) papuca f., slipper :

palacinka f., pancake, jam pan- papucar, papudzija m., slipper.


: :

cake maker
palidrvce : n., match par m., instant, moment :

palikuca : f., incendiary par : m., pair, couple


palilula : f., suburbs, outskirts of a para: f., para, centime (10 para
town 1 penny)
palisad m., palisade:
para f., steam
:

paliti : to light, to burn, catch fire parada f., parade, review :

palica f., stick, baton, cane


:
paradna odeca Sunday :

paliciica f., small stick, cane


: clothes
palma f., palm-tree
:
paralelan, -Ina, -Ino : adj., parallel
palc :
m., long sword paran, -rna, -rno : adj., pair
palub m., deck (of a ship)
:
parastos : m., reqiuem
palja f., paperje, n., down (on a
:
parni, -na, -no adj., steam pnrni : ;

boy's face) mlin, steam-mill parno kupatilo, ;

pa:net m., memory, reason, mind


: .
vapour bath
na pamet, by heart pade mu na ; parnica, parba f., action, case
:

pamet, the idea came to him (legal) :


podi6i parnicu, to bring
pametan, -tna, -tno adj., reason- : an action
able, sensible parnicar : m., plaintiff
pametnik : m., monument parobrod m., steamer, steamboat :

pamtiti to remember, recollect


:
parok m., pastor, priest
:

pamcenje n., memory parokija f., parish


: :

pamuk m., cotton, cotton-wocl


:
parokijanin : m., parishioner
pamuean, -cna, -6no adj., cotton paroka f., wig : :

panadjur m., fair :


partija f., part, game (of billiards, :

pandur m., watchman, gxiard,


:
etc.) !

usher parcov, pacov m., rat :

panica f., porringer, bowl


:
parce: n. (pardeta, f.), piece, bit,
pantalone f., pi., trousers fragment, scrap ; raditi na parce,
:

pantljika f., ribbon : to do piece-work


pantljkara, pantljidara: f., tape- pas: m., belt, sash
worm pas m., dog :

pancer, pancir m., armour pasic m., little dog, puppy


: :

papa m., Pope, papa


:
paska, pasha f., Passover :

papagaj m., parrot :


pasoS m., passport :

papak m., cloven foot


:
pasti (padnem) to fall, perish :

paperje n., down (on face)


:
pasti (pasem) graze :

pupin, papski adj., papal, ponti- pastir m., shepherd : :

fical pastirka f., shepherdess :

papir m., paper


:
pastirski adj., pastoral ,
:

paprat m., fern :


pastirSe n., shepherd-boy I :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James i as in measure j as y in you ;


: ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo


; m ; ;

in room h as ch in loch c as te in cats


; 6 as eh in shout. ; ;
pas] 44

pastorak: m., pastorka, f., step-son, pekmez : m., plum-jam


step-daughter pelivan m., acrobat :

pastorde n., step-child :


pelcovati to vaccinate, inoculate :

pastrm, -a, -va, -ka ., trout :


pensija f., pension, boarding-
:

pastuv m., stallion : house


pastusast, -a, -o adj., entire (of pensijonar m., boarder, lodger : :

horses) pepelnica, pepeonica f., ash-tray :

pasulj m., haricot beans


:
pepeo n. (pepela), ash, ashes :

pata f., duck


:
pergamenat m., parchment :

patak m., drake :


perda f., veil :

put lidznn : m. (crveni), tomato peril] a f., laundress :

(beli, modri, crni), aubergine, perina f., feather-bed :

egg-plant perionica f., laundry :

patos m., floor, parquet


:
perjan, perat : adj., feather, with
patosati (-tosem) : to floor, to lay a feathers
floor perjanica f., plume, crest : of
patrijarh m., patriarch : feathers
patrijarski : adj., patriarchal perje n., plumage
:

patrola f., patrol :


perla f., pearl
:

patron m., cartridge :


pero n., feather, pen, spring
:

patuljak m., dwarf, pygmy :


persona : f., person
pauk m., spider
:
perSin m., tress (of hair), pig-tail
:

paun m., paunica, f., peacock,


:
persun m., parsley :

peahen pesak(-ska): m.,sand; iivi pesak,


paudina f., spider's web :
quicksands
pacov m., rat :
pesma :
f.,, song, poem, air
pa6e n. (paSeta, f.), duckling
:
pesmarica f., song- book :

paa f., pasha


:
pesnik m., poet :

pasenog, pasanac m., sister-in- :


pesnica f., fist :

law's husband pesnidki adj., poetical :

pasteta pasty, pie : f., pet num. five


:

pevanje singing : n., peta f., heel


:

pevati to sing :
petak (-tka) m., Friday :
; veliki
pevnc, pevafi m., singer, choir- :
petak, Good Friday
boy, chorister petao (petla) in., cock :

pevaeica : f., cantatrice (female peteljka : f., tail


singer) peti, -ta, -to : the fifth
pega mark, spot, stain
: f., petina f., a fifth :

pegav, adj., marked, spotty, petnaest


-a, -o num. fifteen
: :

stained petrolej m., petroleum :

pegavi tifus m., typhus fever, pec f., stove, oven : :

(typhus exanthematicus) pedati to bake :

pegaz m., piebald horse


:
pe6i (pedem) bake, fry, roast, :
grill
pegla f., iron (for laundry)
:
pe6ina f., cave, grotto, cavern :

pedagog m., pedagogue pednjak m., oven door


: :

pedeset : num. fifty pecat : m., seal, stamp


pekar m., baker :
pefiati to print :

pekarina f., baking pedatiti :to seal :

pekar nica f., bakery peden adj., roast : :

Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James i as in measure


; ;:
j as y in you ;

Ij as in million; nj as nt in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


li
in room h as ch in loch; c as Is in cats; f, as th in shout.
;
pec] 45 [pla

pecenica : f., peSenka, f., pefienje, pisac : m., author, writer


n., roast beef, roast meat pisme (pismena) n., letter, char- :

pecurka :
f., mushroom acter veliko p., capital letter ;
;

pe&idija infantry : f., malop., small letter


pesak, pesac m., foot-soldier, in- :
pismen, -a, -o adj., in writing, able .-

fantry-man, pedestrian to write


peaiti to walk, go on foot :
pismo n., letter; sveto pismo,
:

pea6k, -i, -a, -o adj., walking, on : the Holy Scriptures ; krSteno


foot pismo, certificate of baptism
peske adv., on foot
:
pismonosa m., postman :

peskir : m., towel pitak, -tka, -tko adj., drinkable :

piva : f., pivo, n., beer pitanje question, problem


: n.,
pivar : m., brewer pitati to ask, question, interrogate
:

pivara f., brewery, beer-house


:
piti (pijem) to drink :

pivnica f., cellar :


pitljiv, -a, -o adj., curious :

pijavica f., leech :


curiosity pitljivost : f.,
pijan, -a, -o adj., drunk, tipsy; pitom, -a, -o
:
adj., tame, cultivated :

pijan kao zemlja, dead drunk pitomac, -mca m., scholar (founda- :

pijanac m., pijanica, f.,: drunkard tion)


pijanstvo n., drunkenness pitomiti : to tame
:

pijac : m., pijaca, f., market-place pica f., food, forage :

pijuk : m., pick, pickaxe pi6e n., drink :

pila : f., file pisaca : f., pisanjak, m., urine


pilav : m., pilaf (Turkish dish of pisati, piskati to pass water :

rice and mutton) pistalica, pistaljka f., fife, whistle- :

pilad, pilei m., poultry / pipe


:

pile :
n., fowl (chicken) pitolj : m., pistol
pilence n., chick :
pjenije : n., chant
piliti : to file, to saw plav, -a, -o adj., blue, blonde, fair :

pilidi : m., pi., chicken, fowl plaviti, plimati to flood, inundate :

pilica f., hen


:
plavka, plavojka : f., a fair woman
pilotina, piljevina f., sawdust plavljenje n., flood, inundation
: :

pionir : m., pioneer, sapper plajvaz m., pencil :

pipati : to feel, to grope plakati (plaCem) : to weep, cry


pipajuci (u mraku) groping pi am : m., flame :

pipun m;, sweet melon


:
plamtetirto flame, flare
piramida f., pyramid :
plamen : m., flame
pirac m.,: bat plamen, plamenast, -a, -o, plamenit.
pirinaC m., rice .-
-a, -o adj., flaming :

piriti : to blow planina : f., mountain range


pisalac : m., author, writer planinac m., mountaineer :

pisaljka, pisaljica : f., pencil, slate- planinka : f., mountaineer, girl-


pencil guide
pisanje n., writing, composition
:
planinski j., mountainous:

pisar m., secretary, clerk


:
plast m., hay-stack, heap
:

pisarnica f., bureau, counter :


plastid : m., hay-cock
pisr.ti (piiem) to write, compose; :
plata f., pay, wages, stipend
:

dobro, rdjavo, ditko, well, badly, platiti : to pay


legibly I
platno n., linen, cloth
:

Pronounce as j in James i as in measure


: j as y in you ;
dj, d, ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ;


u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ta in cats ; 6 as ih in shout. ;


pla] 46

pladanje n., payment :


plivati: to swim
placenik m., mercenary :
pliva8 m., swimmer:

pla6 m., weeping, tears


:
plik m., blister
:

jiliu'un -ciia, -6no, placevan, -vna, plima flood-tide, high-tide


: f.,
-vno adj., weeping, lamentable
:
plitak, -tko : adj., shallow,
tka,
plaSkav, -a, -o, pladljiv, -a, -o adj., : low, superficial
inclined to weep plitica f., shallow:
plate
plasiv, -a, -o adj., afraid, timid, :
plitko adv., shallow, superficially
:

frightened pliSina : f., shallow (water), shal-


plasivac m., coward, booby
: lows
plaaivost : f., timidity, cowardice, pli m., plush
:

fear plovan, -vna, -vno adj., navigable :

jilasit to frighten, terrify


i :
plovac (plovca) in., swimmer, :

plasiti se to be afraid, frightened


:
navigator
plaSljiv, -a, -o : adj., afraid, timid, plovidba f., navigation, voyage, :

frightened sail
plasljivost : f., fear, cowardice, ploviti : to float, navigate
timidity plovka : f., duck; divlja plovka,
plain j a f., fear, terror
: wild duck
plaSt m., cloak, mantle
:
plovljenje: n., navigation, swim-
platanica f., winding sheet of :
ming
Our Saviour plovnost f., navigability :

pleme : n. plovu6ac m., pumice-stone


(plemena) : tribe, race :

plemenit, -a, -o plovCe n., duckling :


adj., noble, gentle, :

generous plod m., fruit, produce, result :

plemeiiitas m., noble, gentleman plodan, -dna, -dno adj. (plodljiv),


: :

plemenito adv., nobly : fruitful, productive, fertile,


plemenitost f., nobility, generosity abundant
:

plemi6 m., noble, aristocrat


:
ploditi to produce :

plemkinja : f., aristocrat ploditi se : to increase, multiply


plemstvo : n., nobility, aristocracy plodnost f., fertility, abundance :

plen m., plunder, booty, prey


:
ploc'a : f., flag-stone, slab
pleniti : to plunder, pillage, sack ploCnik : m., pavement
plenjenje n., pillage, brigandage
:
plug m., plough :

plesti (pletem) : to knit, plait plut : m., pluta, f., plutak, m., cork
pletad m., pletacica, f., knitter
:
plutan, -tna, -tno adj., cork :

pletenica f., plait, pig- tail (of hair) pluda f., lung, lungs
:
zapaljenje :
;

pletenje : n., knitting p., inflammation of the lungs


pletka f., pletke,
: f., pi., intrigue, pljadka f., booty, prey :

plot pljaCkat: to rob, plunder, sack,


pletkar, pletkai : m., intriguer, pillage
plotter pljesak (-ska) : m. clapping, ap-
pletkariti to intrigue, plot
:
plause
ple6e : n., pleda, n., pi., shoulders pljeskati to clap, applaud :

pledi : f., pi., shoulders pljuvanak : m., spittle


pleh : tin in., pljuvaonik : m., pljuvaonica, .,
plesiv, -a, -o adj., bald :
spittoon
plivali&te : n., swimming-school pljuvati to spit, expectorate :

plivanje : n., swimming pljuvadka : f., saliva


Pronounce j in James ; i as s in measure :
j as y
in you ;
dj, di, as ;

Ij aa li in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in rom ; h as ch in iuch ; c as ts in cats \ 6 as sh in shout.
plj] 47

pljusak m., shower, rain-storm


:
poveriti se : to trust anybody
pljuskati to splash, pour
:
poverljiv, -a, -o : adj., confident,
po prep., on, to, in, by, of, after,
:
trusting
according to, at the price of ; poverovati to believe :

po kisi, in the rain ; po imenu, by poveslo n., bundle, truss:

name po tome, in consequence


; ; poveci adj., larger
:

poslati po doktora, to send for the poveSerje n., vespers :

doctor po meni, as to me po
; ; povika f., noiso, cry:

sest dinara, at 6 dinars ; po Sto ? poviSe adv., enough, a


: little more
how much ? po engleski, in the povlaka : f., cream
English fashion (way) povlastiti, povlaSdivati : to author-
po adv., half
:
po metra, half ; ize, privilege
metre po casa, half hour
; po ; povlastica f., privilege :

godine, half a year povlascen, -a, -o adj., privileged :

pobacaj m., pobacivanje, n., mis-


:
povod m., subject, motive, reason,
:

carriage chance
pobaciti to have a miscarriage, to
:
povodljiv, -a, -o : adj., flexible,
miscarry pliant
pobeda :
victory, triumph
f., povodljivost f., flexibility :

pobedan, -dna, -dno adj., victori- povodnik m., povodac. m., halter
: :

ous, triumphant povoj m., povojnica, f., jersey :

pobedilac, pobeditelj, pobednik povrat : m., turn :

m., victor povratak , return : m


pobediti to vanquish, to win, be povratan, -tna, -tno : adj., return,
:

victorious returning
pobedonosan, -sna, -sno adj., vic- povratiti, povracati : to return, :

torious turn, to vomit


pobeci (-begnem): to run away, povratiti se to return, turn round, :

escape to repeat
pobiti (pobijem) : to massacre povrce : n., vegetables
poboleti se to get ill povrh adv., above, on the top
:

poboSnik : m., adjutant, aide-de- povrsan, -Sna, -Sno adj., super- :

camp ficial
pobratim m., brother by friend-
:
povrSno : adv., superficially
ship (an old Serbian custom) povrsina : f., surface, area

pobrisati to rub out, take out,


:
povrSnost : f., superficiality
wash out pogan f., : dirt, filth
pobuda f., motive, instigation
:
pogan, -a, -o adj., :
impure, filthy,
pobudaliti to become mad, in- dirty
:

sane pogaca : f., biscuit, cake


pobuna : f., rebellion, rising, revolt pogibao (pogibeli), pogibija : f.,

pobuniti se to rebel, revolt, rise up : ruin, loss


po vas dan adv., throughout the poginuti (-nem)
: to perish (in :

day battle), to be killed


povez : m., binding, bandage pogle! :
interj., look!
povezati, povezivati to bandage, pogled in., look, glance, view : :

to do up, bind (of books) pogledati to look at, glance at :

povezaSa f., head-scarf, kerchief pogledom adv., with regard to, in


: :

povelik adj., large enough


: consideration
Pronounce dj, dz, as ; in James i as a in measure j as y in you ;
: ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion ;
m
6, 5, as ch in church ; u as tto ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ts in cats 6 as sh in shout.


; ; ;
48

pogodan, -dna, -dno :


adj., favour- podjednak, -a, -o :
adj., the same,
able, propitious equivalent, like
pogoda : f., weather (fine) podjednako : adv., the same,
pogclem adj., fairly large :
equally j

pogoreti to burn :
podnarednik m., sergeant :

pogotovo adv., in any case, about :


podne : n., mid-day, po.sle podne,
pogreb m., funeral, burial
: afternoon
pogrebni adj., funereal :
podnevak : m., meridian
pogi'eteati to bury, inter podozrevanje, podozrenje : n., sus-
pogrepsti (pogrebem) to bury, :
picion
inter podozrevati to suspect :

pogrean -Sna, -sno adj., faulty, :


podozriv, -a, -o adj., suspicious :

imperfect podocne adv., too late :

pogresiti to make mistakes, to fail,


:
podoficir : m., non-commissioned
to lose one's way officer
pogreska : f., fault, mistake, error podrazavati to imitate, copy :

pogtibiti to execute (a criminal)


:
podrepnjak m., crop :

pogubljenje: n., execution, capital podrobni adj., detailed


:

punishment podrobnost f., detail :

pogusiti to stifle :
podrobno adv., in detail :

pod: prep, (ace., inst. ), under, under- podrum m., cellar :

neath, below, beneath -Sna, -5no


podrueJan, adj., sub- :

pod m., floor


: ordinate
podaleko adv. rather far : , podstava, postava : f., lining (of
j^odanik : m., subject (people) clothes)
podariti : to present, to give a podstavljati, podstaviti : to lin
present podug :
adj., long enough
podatak (podaci) m., detail, fact :
poduzi :
adj., longer
podbuniti to rebel, insurrect, rise :
poduziti : to lengthen
podvaliti to cheat, deceive :
poduzece : m., undertaking, enter-
podveza, podvezica: f., garter prise
podvezati (veiem) to attach, fix :
poduzeti (poduzmem) : to under*
podvodan, -dna, -dno adj., sub- : take
marine, under-water poialiti se to complain :

podvodnik m., procurer :


pozar m., fire (house on fire)
:

podvodnica f., procuress :


poiedi (poieiem) : to burn, set fire
podvorenje n., audience : to
podvorje n., courtyard :
pozuda f., desire, eagerness, greed
:

podgradje n., suburb :


po Sudan, -dna, -dno adj., desir- :

podela f., division: ous, greedy


podeliti : to divide poiudnost f., desire, greed, cu- :

poderati : to tear, wear out pidity


podzemaljski, podzemni adj., sub- :
pozuriti se : to hurry, hasten
terranean, underground pozadi adv., behind :

podignuti, podici (podignem) : to pozadugo : adv., too long a time


lift, lift up, hold up, raise pozaimanje n., loan :

podignuti se to rise up (from a :


pozaimati, pozajmiti to lend :

chair, etc.) (is also used of dust pozajmenik : m., lender


and the sea) pozajmica f., loan :

Pronounce :
dj, dz, as j in James as ; in measure ; j as y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as in opinionm 6, ; 6, as ch in church ;


u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ;
s as sh in shout.
poz] 49 [pol

pozan, -zna, -zno adj., late, slow pokaldrmiti to pave : :

pozvati (-zovem) : to call, invite pokasati to trot :

pozdrav m., salute, greeting, com pokvaren, -a, -o adj., spoilt, cor-
: :

pliment rupted, deteriorated, damaged


pozdraviti to salute, greet pokvaren covek m., a bad lot
: :

pozdravljanje : n., greeting, saluta- pokvaren stomak : m., stomach


tion out of order
poziv m., invitation, call, duty, pokvarenost : f. f corruption, de-
:

summons pravity
pozivati : to invite, convoke, call, pokvariti to spoil, corrupt, de- :

to call up (soldiers), send for teriorate, damage, pervert, de-


pozivnica : f., written invitation moralize
pozlatiti, pozlacivati : to gild pokvariti se to go to the bad (to :

pozladen, -a, -o : adj., gilded, gilt the dogs)


poznavati (-znajem) to know (of poklon m., present, gift : :

people) iz vidjenja, by sight po poklonik m., pilgrim


; ; :

imenu, by name lino, per- pokloniti to present, to give a ; :

sonally ne poznavati, to ignore


; present
poznavati se to make the ac- pokloniti se : to bow, make a:

quaintance reverence
poznanik m., poznanica, f., a :
poklopac : m., lid
quaintance pokoj : m., calm, eternal rest
poznanstvo m., acquaintance pokojan, -jna, -jno
:
adj., the :

poznat adj., famous, celebrated


: late . . .

poznati : to recognize, to know pokop m., funeral :

pozno adv., late :


pokraj : prep, (gen.), next to
pozor m., attention:
pokrajina f., province, country :

pozoran, -rna, -rno adj., attentive pokratiti to shorten : :

pozoriste n., theatre :


pokret m., movement, gesture :

pozorisni, -na, -no adj., theatri- pokretan, -tna, -tno : adj., move- :

cal able, mobile


pozornik m., policeman :
pokretati (pokrecem) to move, to :

pozornica f., stage (theatre) :


displace
poj m., pojanje, n., chant
:
pokrivati, pokriti (pokrijem) : to
pojava f., apparition : cover, to hide
pojam : m., idea, notion pokrivafi : m., blanket, rug, covering
pojas m., girdle, sash, belt
:
pokrov : m., winding sheet
pojac, poja6 : m., chorister, choir- pokrovitelj : m., protector, guar-
boy dian
pojedni, -na, -no adj., alone, sole, pokrovitelj ka : f., protectress
:

only pokrovitelj stvo n., protectorate :

pojedinac m., a man alone, in- pokudan, -dna, -dno : adj., blam-
:

dividual able
pojedinost f., detail sokuditi
: to blame, reproach :

pojedince : adv., separately, indi- sol m., sex :

vidually sol : adv., half


pokazati (pokazem ), pokazivati sola f., half :

(pokazujem) to show, prove, >olagano adv., :


slowly, gently, :

indicate little by little

Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James ; as a in measure
i,
j as y in you ; :

Ij asin million ; nj as
li m in opinion d, ;, as ch in church ; u as ot
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats 5 as ah in shout.
;
pol] 60 fpor.

polagati (polazem) : to put down, pomagac' m., assistant :

place, to render (accounts), to pomada f., pomade j


:

send in (a resignation) pomazimik m., ointment :

polazak m., departure, leaving, pomazanje n., anointment


:
;
:

parting pomazati to anoint :

polaziti to leave, depart, go away pomalo adv., little by little


:
|
:

polako adv., slowly, gently, softly pomama f., fury, rage


:
j
:

poledica f., glazed frost :


pomaman, -mna, -mno adj., furi- :

polet m., flight


:
ous, angry
poleteti to fly away :
pomamiti to enrage, make angry :

politika f., politics :


pomenak m., forget-me-not :

politiSar : m., politician pomeSan, -na, -sno : adj., mixed


politifian, -dna, -6no politidki, pomeSati : to mix :

politic'ni adj., political pomilovan, -a, -o adj., acquitted,


: :

policija : f., police pardoned


polka :
f., polka pomilovanje pardon : n., acquittal,
polovina, polovica : f., half pomilovati to acquit, pardon :

poloviti to halve :
pomilovati to caress, fondle :

polozaj in., situation,:


position, pomirenje n., reconcilement :

site pomiriti to reconcile


:

poloziti : to place, put j


pomiriti se to make the peace, :

polubrat : m., step-brother make it up


poluga : f., lever, bar of iron pornirJjiv :
adj., reconcilable
polugodiSnji adj., half-yearly :
poinozi Bog ! :
may God help you !

poludeti (-dim) to go mad :


pomorski :
adj., marine, maritime
polukrug m., semicircle :
pomo6 : f., help, aid, assistance
polumesec m., half- moon, crescent :
pomo6an, -<5na, -6no :
adj., auxi-
polumrtav adj., half -dead :
liary, secondary
pornoci (pomognem, or pomozem)
'

poluno6 : f., midnight :

polunoc'nica : f., midnight mass to help, assist, aid


polu, -otok : m., -ostrovo, -ostrvo, pomo6nik m., assistant, cleric :

11., peninsula pomo6u adv., by the help of


:

polusestra f., step-sister :


pomracenje n., eclipse :

polutabak m., half -sheet :


(of pomrcan, -cna, -6no adj., dark, :

paper) obscure
polutar : m., equator pomrCina f., darkness, obscurity:

polutina f., half :


pomusti (pomuzem) to milk (a :

poljak m., rural constable


: cow, etc.)
polje :
plain, n., polje, field ; na pomuc'no adv., with trouble :

out-of-doors, outside ponegda, ponekad adv., some- :

poljodelstvo n., agriculture : times


poljski adj., field
:
poned, -eljak, -eljnik, -eonik m., :

poljska artiljerija f., field artillery :


Monday
poljubac : m., kiss ponizavati : to humiliate
poljubiti u usta, on the : to kiss :
ponizen, -a, -o adj., humiliated, :

mouth Celo, on the forehead ; u ; humbled


u obraz, on the cheek ponizenje to., humiliate :

pomagaj pomagajte inter j., help ! !


ponizan, -zna, -zno adj., humble
! :

pomagati to help, aid, succour :


ponoviti to renew :

Pronounce d , dz, as j in James : z as a in measure


; j as y in you ; ;

Ij as in million ;
li nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church
;
u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ;
c as ts in cuts : as sh in shout.
ponj 61 [pos

ponovo adv., again, over again


:
porocan, -fina, -2no adj., vicioua :

pono<$, pono6a f., ponoce, n., mid- Porta f., Sublime Porte : :

night u pono6, at midnight ; poruka f., order, commission :

ponuda, ponuka f., offer, propo- poruclti to order : :

sition poruc'nik : m., lieutenant


ponuditi : to offer, propose poruSiti to destroy, ruin, demolish
:

pooSim : m., step-father porcija f., portion :

pop, popa : m., pope, Serbian porculan m., porcelain, china :

priest porculanski adj., porcelain, china :

popadija pope's wife : f., posada f garrison : . ,

popak (-pka), popic m., cricket : posao (posla) m., work, business, :

popis m., census, inventory


: labour u poslu, busy, occupied;

poplava flood : f., posve adv., entirely


:

poplaviti : to flood, inundate posveta f., posvecenje, n., con-


:

poplaSen, -a, -o : adj., frightened secration


poplaiti se to be afraid :
posvetiti : to consecrate, dedicate,
popov, -a, -o adj., of the priest : bless
popovski adj., priestly, sacerdotal :
poseban, -bna, -bno :
adj., separate,
popola, popolak adv., in half, a : isolated
half each posebno : adv., separately, apart
poprava popravak, m., repair, poselica f., a hamlet
: f., :

correction posestrima f., sister by friend- :

popraviti, popravljati to correct, ship (an old Serbian custom) :

to repair poset m., peseta, f., visit :

popraviti ae to recover, get better posetiti to visit, pay a visit


: :

poprskati to splash posetnica f., visiting card


: :

pora f., pore


:
posilnik m. orderly : ,

porad adv.,: because of posinak (-nka) : m., adopted son


poraz m., defeat, rout
:
posiniti to adopt :

poraziti to defeat, rout


:
poslanik m. (skup5tinski), deputy, :

poramenice f., pi.,


: braces member of parliament, minister
porano adv., too early:
(of a foreign power), ambassador,
porast m., growth :
envoy
porasti (porastem) to grow (up) poslanica f., epistle, bull (papal)
: :

pored prep, (gen.), by


: the side of, poslanstvo n., legation, embassy :

next to, along poslastica f., dessert :

poredak (poretka) m., order poslasticar m., confectioner,


: :

poredom adv., in turn :


pastry-cook
poredjenje n., comparison poslasticarnica
: f., confectioner's :

porez : m., poreza, f., tax, con- shop


tribution poslatak : m., envoy
porod m., children, posterity, poslati
:
(posljem, saljem) : to
birth send
poroditi to be confined, delivered poslati natrag to send back, re-
: :

porodica f., family : turn


porozan, -zna, -zno adj., porous posle prep, (gen.), after, behind : :

porok m., vice, fault


:
posle : adv., afterwards, then, later
porota f., jury :
posledak (-etka) m., result, elfect, :

porotnik m., juror


:
consequence
Pronounce dj : , dz, as j in James ; z as s in measure ; j as y in you ;

Ij
as U in million ; nj as m
in opinion ; c, 3, as cA in church ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch c as is in cats
; 6 as ft in shout.
;
pos] 52 [pot

posledica consequence, conclu- postojan, -a, -o adj., constant,


: f., :

sion, end continual


poslednji, -nja, -nje adj., last, ex- postupanje n., treatment : :

treme, final postupati, postupiti to act, to use, :

poslednji put: for the last time treat


poslovica f., proverb, saying :
postupan, -na, -no adj., gradual :

poslonosa m., charge d'affaires postupice adv., gradually, by de-


: :

posluga f., service, employment


:
grees
posluiivati to serve, wait (at posudje n., utensils, dishes, plates
: :

table, pri stolu) etc.


posluiitelj : m., servant potajni, -jna, -jno :
adj., secret
posluiiti : to serve, present, offer potaSa : f., potash
posluh : m., poslusnost, f., obedi- potega : f., weight
ence potiljak m., nape (of neck)
:

poslusan, -na, -Sno adj., obedient :


potkivati : to shoe (a horse)
posluiati to obey :
potkivad m., farrier, blacksmith
:

pospavati to nap, rest :


potkovica f., horse-shoe :

posredan, -dna, -dno adj., in- :


potok m., stream, rivulet
:

direct potomak m., descendant :

posredno adv., indirectly :


potomstvo : n., posterity
posrednik m., mediator :
potonuti (-nem) to sink, founder :

posredniStvo : n., mediation, inter- potop m., the flood, deluge


:

cession, intervention (biblical)


posredovati to mediate, intervene :
potoSnica f., forget-me-not :

posredstvom by means of : adv., potpis m., signature


:

post : ;
veliki post, Lent
m., fast ; potpisatelj m., subscriber :

bofcicni post, Advent fast ; gos- potpisati (-pisem) : to sign, sub-


podjin post, Assumption fast scribe
postava f., lining :
potplata f., lining, sole (of shoe)
:

postaviti, postljati : to place, put ; potporuSnik m., second-lieutenant :

the table
sto, lay potpukovnik m., lieutenant-colonel :

postajati (postajem), postati : to potpun, -a, -o :


adj., complete,
become, to be, to be born entire, whole
postajati (postojim) to stop, : re- potpuniti to complete :

main, stay potpunice, potpuno adv., entirely, :

postan, -tna, -tno adj. (jelo, food), completely :

low diet (no meat, "maigre"), potreba, potrebnost : f., need,


fasting necessity
postanak, -iika : m., origin, com- potreban, -bna, -bno adj., neces- :

mencement, beginning sary


postar adj., rather old
:
potrebovati to need, ask for :

postariti to get (or grow): old potresati to shake, move :

postelja f., bed :


potroSak (-5ka) m., expense :

postepen, -a, -o adj., progressive potroSarina : f., tax on consumable


:

postepeno adv., gradually, by : articles


degrees potro&iti to spend :

postepenost f., progression potruditi


: to give trouble :

postiti to fast
:
potruditi se to try, to do one's :

postnik : m., postnica, f., faster best


Pronounce :
dj , di, as j in James 4 as 8 in measure ; j as
; y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opini on c, 6, as ch in church


; ; u as GQ
injroom ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; a as sh in shout.
pot] 53 [pra

potuiiti se to complain posteno adv., honourably, faith-


:
i
:

podi (podjem) to go, go away, fully :

leave postenje n., honesty, loyalty :

pouka f., education, instruction


:
posto conj., as, and then, for :

poucavati to teach, instruct, edu- posto what is the price of ? how


: :

cate much T
poucan,-cna, -6no adj., instructive posto valac m., admirer : :

pouditi to teach, give lessons


:
postovanje : m., posta, f., respect,
pohapsiti : to imprison admiration, homage
pohvala f., compliment, praise:
postovati : to honour, respect,
pohvaliti to praise : esteem
pohoditi to visit, frequent :
prababa f., great-grandmother
:

pocepati to tear up :
prav, -a, -o adj., right, true, inno- :

pocrveneti to blush cent :

pocast f., honour, respect


:
prav ugao : m., right angle
pocastvovati to honour pravac (-vca) m., direction, sense,
: :

podastiti : to treat, to stand treat just man


pofielo : n., beginning pravda f., :
justice, truth
poeesto : adv., the most often, pravdanje : n., defence, excuse,
sometimes justification
pocetak (-tka) pravdati to excuse, justify : m., beginning, j
:

origin, start, commencement, pravedan, -dna, -dno, pravican, .

opening ; s pocetka, from the -6na, -&no adj., just :

beginning ; u pocetku, at the pravi, -a, -o : adj., true, veritable.


beginning authentic
poCeti (po6nem) : to begin, start pravila f., rule, statute :

commence pravilan, -Ina, -Ino :


adj., regular,
pocetni, -na, -no :
adj., initial correct, ruled, normal, methodical
po6etnik : m., pocetnica, f., be- pravilnost : f., regularity, order
ginner pravilo : n., rule r, maxim
pofiesde : adv., more often, some- praviteljstvo :
government
n.,
times praviti to do, : make, prepare, con-
poSivak (-vka) : m., repose, rest struct
pofiivati : to rest ; ovde podiva pravicnost : f., equality, justice,
. . . here lies . . .
impartiality
posaliti se : to joke pravni pravnifiki adj., legal:

posalica f., joke :


pravnik : m., law-student, jurist
poset m., walk:
pravnistvo n., jurisprudence, law
:

posetati to walk :
pravo adv., direct, straight on, in
:

posiljati (posiljem) to send : a straight line


posiljaka f., parcel, packet :
pravo n.,
: law, right imati ;

posta f., post, mail-coach, respect,


:
pravo, to be right nemati ;

mail pravo, to be wrong


postanski, postarski :
adj., postal pravo-veran, -rna, -rno, slavan,
poitar m. postman : -vna, -vno adj., orthodox, of the
,
:

postarina f., postage, cost of orthodox


: church
postage pravoslavlje n., orthodoxy :

posien, -a, -o adj., honourable pravougolan, -Ina, -Ino adj., rect- : :

loyal angular
Pronounce dj, di, as j in James z as s in measure j as y in you
: ; :

Ij
as li in million ; nj as nt in opinion c, c, as ch in church u as <x ; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as to in cats ; s as sh in shout.


pra] 54 [pre

pravougaonik m., rectangle :


prvom : adv., firstly, in the first
prag m., threshold
:
place
praded m., great-grandfather
:
prvosves'tenik : m., high-priest
prazan, -zna, -zno adj., empty, :
prvosedilac m., aborigines :

vacant, hollow prvotan, -tna, -tno adj., primary :

prazne reel empty words :


prdez m., break-wind
:

praziluk m., leek :


prdeti, prdnuti (-nem) : to break
praznik m., holiday,
: festival, wind
fete-day pre: prep, (gen.) and adv., before,
praznina f., void, interval, empti-
:
ago, in front of, better, rather,
ness very malo pre, net long ago
; ;

prazniti : to empty fito pre to bolje, the earlier, the

praznovanje n., celebration : better; pre bin umro, nego ., . .

praznovati to celebrate : I would sooner die than ...


praznoveran, -rna, -rno :
adj., prebroditi : to ferry
superstitious prevara f., fraud, deceit, trick
:

praktidan, -6na, -Sno :


adj., practi- prevaran, prevarljiv adj., deceiv- :

cal ing, fraudulent


pralja, pralica : f., laundress, prevariti to deceive, cheat, dupe
:

washerwoman prevesti to carry,


(prevedem) :

pram, prama prep., towards, : to transport over, translate


pramajka: f.,great-grandmother proved adv., extremely, exces-
:

pranje n., :
sively the wash, washing
praotac m., great-grandfather
:
prevlaka f., isthmus :

pras : m., leek prevod m., translation :

prasad : m. prase, n. sucking pig prevodilac , m., prevoditelj, m., , :

prasence n., prasetina, f., sucking


: translator
pig prevoditi to translate :

prasicn : f., sow prevodjenje: n., translation


praskva f., peach :
prevoz m., transport :

prati (perem) to wash (clothes) prevoziti to transport : :

pratilac in., pratilica, f., com- prevoziti se to ferry over


: :

panion, escort (person) pregled m., review, inspection :

pratiti to accompany, escort


:
pregledati to inspect, review :

pratnja f., escort, suite, funeral- pregrada f., partition, bulkhead


: :

procession, accompaniment (mar.)


praSati to send, send off
:
pregraditi to partition :

prah m., powder, dust


:
pregristi (grizem) to bite through :

prasak m., medicinal powder


:
pred, preda prep, (ace., inst. ), be- :

praSan, -na, -no adj., dusty fore, in front of :

praSina f., dust:


predavati, predati (predajern) de- :

prastanje n., pardon : liver, give, give up, cede, capitu-


pra&tati ee to say good-bye, fare- late :

well predaviti se, predati se : to give


prvenac (-nca) : m., first-born, oneself up
first-fruits \ predaja f., capitulation, delivery
:

prvenstvo : n., superiority, priority :


predaleko adv., too far :

prvi, -va, -vo :


adj., first j
predanje n., tradition :

prvo adv., first, at first


:
predvideti, predvidjati to foresee I
:

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James z as a in measure


:
j as y in you ; ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion c, 6, as ch in church u as GO


; ; ;

in room h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats s at sh in shout.


; ;
pre]

predvidjenje foresight, fore- prekomeran, -rna, -rno :


adj., ex-
thought treme, excessive
predgradje : n., suburb prekomorski adj., over-seas :

predikaonica pulpit : f., prekono6 adv., during the night,


:

predlagati (-Ia2em), predlo2iti to nightly


propose prekoredan, -dna, -dno :
adj., ex-
predlog m., proposition, offer
:
traordinary
predmet : m., article, thing, object prekosutra : adv., day after to-
prednji, -nja, -njo :
adj., anterior, morrow
foremost !
prekrasan, -sna, -sno :
adj., beau-
predsedavati to preside : tiful, charming
predsedavanje n., presidency :
prekratiti : to shorten
1

predsednik m., president :


preksinoc : adv., the night before
predsedniCki adj., presidential : last
predsoblje n., ante-room :
prekupac : m., retailer
predstava f., representation,
:
prekupiti to retail :

image, likeness, description prelazak (-laska) m., passage :

predstaviti, predstavljati : to intro- prelazan, -zna, -zno : adj., pro-


duce (a person), represent, visional
describe prelep adj., most lovely
:

predstaviti sebi to imagine, to :


prelo : n., vigil, an evening gather-
picture to oneself ing, attended by Serbian peasant
predstati se to appear before . : . women
preduzeti (-uzmem): to undertake prelja f., spinner :

preduzece, preduzimanje n., un- preljuba f., preljub, m., adultery : :

dertaking preljubnik : m., adulterer


predje: adv., formerly preljubnica f., adulteress :

prezina f., apron


:
prema prep, (loc.), towards, in :

prezime : n., surname front of, facing


prezimiti to hibernate, pass the premeriti to measure
: :

winter premod m., superiority :

preziranje m., contempt, disdain prenociti to pass (spend) the night


: :

prezirati to despise, disdain


:
Preobraienje : n., Transfiguration
prezreo -rela, -relo adj., over- preosvestenstvo : n., Monsignor,
:

ripe Eminence
preki sud court-martial :
prepad m., surprise attack :

prekasno adv., too late :


prepadati, prepadnuti to attack :

prekid : m., interruption ; bez pre- by surprise, to fall upon


kida, without stopping, ceaseless prepelica f., quail , :

prekidati, prekinuti to interrupt, prepelifiar m., spaniel :


<
:

to break prepis : m., copy '

prekjufie adv., the day before prepisati (prepisem) : to copy


:

yesterday prepiska f., correspondence ;


:

preko prep. (c p n.) and adv., preplaviti to flood


: I :

across, over, by, beyond, above preporuka : f., recommendation


preko mere adv., extremely
|

:
proporuciti (-cujem) to register, :

preko puta opposite, vis-a-vis : insure a letter, recommend


prekobrojan, -jna, -jno adj., super- prepotopski adj., antediluvian :

'
:

numerary prepreka : f., obstacle, difficulty


Pronounce :
dj, df as j in James
, i as s in measure ; j as
;
y in you :
li asin million ; nj as
it m in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u a oc
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as Is in cats ; s as ah in shout.
pre) 66 [pri

prepreciti to oppose, block, hinder pribliiiti se to approach


: :

prerano adv., too early


:
privatan, -tna, -tno adj., privatei :

presan, -sna, -sno adj., raw. crude particular :

presan hleb m., unleavened bread priveiac' : m., head-kerchief :

presek rn.,: section, division prividjenje n., apparition, phan- :

preseliti to move (house)


: tom, vision
presian, -a, -o adj., too salted, priviti (privijem) to bandage,
: :

salted bind up
presnica :
privreda
f., unleavened bread
economy, agriculture, : f.,

prestaviti to represent :
industry ministarstvo privrede, ;

prestanak m., pause bez pres- :Board of Agriculture and Trade ;

tanka, without ceasing, inces- privrediti to acquire, gain :

santly privredni, -na, -no adj., economic, :

presti (predem) to spin economical :

presto (prestola m., Throne privremen, -a, -o adj., provisional


) : :

prestolnica, prestonica ., capital priganica f., omelet : :

prestup m., crime :


prigovor m., reproach, objection :

prestupnik m., criminal prigoda f., occasion


: :

presuda f., judgment, sentence


:
prigodan, -dna, -dno adj., occa- :

presuditi, presudjivati : to judge, sional


sentence prigodno adv., occasionally :

preteran, -a, -o adj., exaggerated pridev m., adjective : :

preteranost f., exaggeration pridevaCka f., pin


: :

preterati : to exaggerate prizemlje n., ground-floor :

pretnja f., threat, menace


:
prizemni sprat: m., ground-floor
pretpis m., prescription
:
priznavanje, priznanje :
n., ac-
pretplata f., subscription (to
:
knowledgment, recognition
theatres, papers, etc.) priznavati (-najem), priznati : to
pretplatiti to subscribe :
acknowledge, to be grateful
pretplatnik : m., subscriber priznanica f., receipt :

pretposlednji, -ja, -je prijava f., notice, advertisement


adj., penul- : :

timate prijaviti: to warn, announce


pretpostaviti : to suppose, presume prijam : m., reception
pretpostavka f., supposition, hy- prijatan, -tna, -tno : adj., pleasant,
:

pothesis nice, agreeable


pretres : m., pretresanje, n., dis- prijateli m., friend :

cussion, debate prijateljiti se : to make friends


pretresati to discuss, debate :
prijateljica : f., friend
prethodnik m., predecessor :
prijateljski : adj., friendly
preci (predjem) to surmount, get :
prijateljstvo : n., friendship
over prijatnost : f., pleasure, charm
preuzvisenost : f., Excellence prijem : m., reception
prefarbati to re-paint :
priliv :
m., flood-tide
prefiastan, -sna, -sno adj., vener- :
prilika : f., occasion, thing, resem
able, reverend blance na priliku, for example
; ;

precnik m., diameter :


pr.likom, by chance, incidently ;

prestampati to reprint :
zgodnom prilikom, on the occa-
prziti to fry (in butter,
: fat, etc.) sion prvom prilikom, on the
;

pri :
prep. (loc. ), near, by etc. next occasion od prilike, about ;

Pronounce as j in James ; as in measure ; j as y in you


:
dj, d, ;

Ij as li in million nj as in (.pinion ; 6, &, as ch i church ; u as GO; m


m room ; h as ch in loch ; c as is in cats ; 8 as eh in shout.
pri] 67 [pro

prilican, -6na, -6no :


adj., not bad, pristup : m., approach, entrance,
fairly good access
priliciti : to resemble, to look like pristupan, -pna, -pno adj., acces- :

prilicno : adv., excellent approachable


sible,
prilog : m., supplement, adverb pristupati (iti) to approach, ad- :

priloziti to add, join, supplement


: vance
priljezan, -zna, -zno : adj., indus- prisustvo: n., prisutnost, f., pres-
trious, attentive ence
priljeznost f., application, atten- :
prisustvovati to be present :

tion prisutan, -tna, -tno adj., present :

primalac, primac m., receiver :


pritvoran, -rna, -rno : adj., hypo-
primamiti to attract, bait : critical
primanje n., reception :
pritvornost f., hypocrisy :

primati, primiti to receive, accept :


prihod m., income, revenue
:

primer m., example, model ; na


:
prihoditi to arrive :

primer, for example priSa f., tale, story


:

primeran, -rna, -rno adj., exem- :


pridati : to relate, tell (a story),
plary, perfect recite
primernost f., perfection :
priSekati : to go to meet, await
primirje n., armistice
:
pridest f., : communion
primorje n., coast, shore :
priSestiti : to give the Sacrament
primorski: adj., littoral, of the prices t it i se : to take the Sacrament,
shore prices6e : n., communion, Eucharist
pripev m., refrain
:
priCiniti to talk :

pripovetka f., pripovest, f., story, :


prisapnuti : to whisper
tale prkno : n., rectum
priprava preparation: f. , prlja : f., spot, mark
pripravan, -vna, -vno adj., prepar- :
prljav, -a, -o : adj., dirty, unclean
atory prljavost f., prljavStina, f., dirt,:

pripraviti (-Ijati) to prepare : filth


pripravnik m., candidate :
prljati to dirty
:

priroda f., nature


:
prnja : f., rags
prirodan, -dna, -dno adj.. natural :
pro prep., by, by
: means of
priroditi to naturalize :
proba : f., trial, proof
prirodno adv., naturally :
probaviti to remain a little time :

prirodnjak m., naturalist :


probati to try, test :

prirodjen, -a, -o adj., naturalized :


probuditi : to call, awaken
prislon m., parapet, balustrade
:
probuditi se to wake up :

pristajanje n., pristanak, m., con- :


probuSiti to pierce, to bore, to :

sent, permission make a hole


pristajati to consent to :
provala, provalija : f., abyss, gulf
pristanite n., port, harbour :
provaliti to break open, force, :

pristojan, -jna, -jno : adj., polite, pierce


decent provesti (-vedem) : to pass (the
pristojnost f., politeness, decency :
time)
pristrastan, -tna, -tno, pristran: providan, -dna, -dno adj., trans- :

adj., partial parent


pristrastnost, pristranost : f., par- providnost f., transparency :

tiality jroviriti, provirivati : to see through


Pronounce in James ; z as : in measure ; j as
dj, di, as _;' y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6 ,6, as ch in church ;


u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; a as sA in shout.
pro] 68 [pro

provoditi to lead, conduct, to pass


:
proliv m., diarrhoea
:

(the time) prolom m., breach:

proglas : m., proclamation, mani- '.

prolomiti to make a breaoh :

festo j
promaja, promaha : f., draught (of
proglaaiti : to proclaim, give out, i
air)
publish change, alteration promena :
f.,

prognanik m., exile :


promeniti to change, alter >

prognanstvo n., exile, banishment promenljiv,


: -a, -o adj., changeable, 1
:

prognati (prognam ) to exile, banish variable : I

progoniti : to exile, banish promukao, -kla, -klo adj., hoarse, :

progonstvo n., exile, banishment : raucous


prodavanje n., sale :
promuklost f., hoarseness :

prodavati to sell :
promu6i (-muknem) to get hoarse :

prodavac, prodavalac, prodavaC pronnlazak (-laska) m., inven- : :

m., seller, vendor, salesman tion


prodaja : f., sale; na prodaju, for pronnlazac in., inventor :

sale pronadi (-nadjeni), pronalaziti to :

prodati to betray, sell


: invent
proder : m., hernia, rupture propast f., ruin, fall, abyss, :

produziti to prolong, lengthen


:
precipice
prodja f., eale
:
propast i (propadnem) to perish, :

proza : f., prose be destroyed, fall to pieces, decay,


prozba f., request, prayer
: fall, to fail
prozor m.,
: window propisati (-piiem) prescribe :

prozradan, -ciia, 6no adj., trans- proraS6e n., plants : :

parent prorok m., prophet :

prozracnost: f. transparency prorokovati to prophesy


, :

proizvod : m., produce proroSanski, prorocki adj., pro- ! :

proizvoditi to produce :
phetic
proizvodnik, proizvodjafi m., pro- prorofianstvo n., prophecy, pre- : :

ducer diction
proizvodnja f., production prosveta f., education, culture,
: :

proja f., maize- bread


: civilization
prokaza f., dropsy :
prosvetiti to educate, civilize :

proklet, -a, -o adj., accursed, prosvetliti to illuminate, to light


: :

damned prosinac m., December :

prokleti (prokunem) to curse, prositi to beg : :

damn prosjak m., beggar :

prokletstvo : n., curse, imprecation, prosjakinja f., beggar-woman :

damnation, execration prosjaCiti, prosjakovati to beg :

prolaz m., passage, pass


:
prosja6ki adj., beggarly, poor :

prolaziti to cross over, pass, go by proskura, prosfora


: : f., sacrifice,
proletati (prole6em), -eti (letim) host :

to fly over proslava f., anniversary, festival, :

proletnji, -ja, -je :


adj., spring, I celebration
vernal proslaviti, proslavljati to cele- :

proletos adv., during this spring


: brate, to glorify j

prolece n., spring; nap , in the prost, -a, -o adj., simple, plain,
: :

spring common
Pronounce dj, di, as in James i as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
: ;

m
_;'

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church


; u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as ah in shout.


proj 59 [psa
i

prostak : m. .common fellow, boun- protizakonit, -a, -o adj., illegal :

der, rustic protinica f., wife of archpriest :

prostadki :
adj., common, vulgar, protokol ., protocol
1
:

low protoe m., diarrhoaa :

prostirati to spread out :


prodi (prodjem) to pass, cross :

prostirka f., prostiraC, m., carper


:
procu prep., opposite, in front of
:

prostiti to forgive, pardon; da


:
j
profesor m., professor :

prostite, by your leave (per- i

profesor ka f., wife of professor :

mission) ;
proha f., prosa, f., millet
:

prosto adv., simply


: i
prohod m., water-closet :

prostodusan, -sna, -sno : adj., I


procediti to filter :

simple, naive, ingenuous procena f., evaluation j


:

prostoduSje: m., dunost,f., nn'i- proceniti to evaluate, estimate '_


:

vety, simplicity, ingenuousness procepiti to split j


:

prostor, -a, -o m., apace proces m., lawsuit, action


:
j
:

prostoran,prostorit,prostran adj., profiitati ~to read through : :

spacious, extensive prosao, -sla, -slo : adj., last (year, j


,

prostota : f., simplicity, ingenuous- etc.), preceding, previous


ness proSlost f., proslo vreme, n., the :

prostranost : f., space, stretch past, past times


prostreti, prostrti (-strem) to prosmja f., mendicity, begging : :

spread prostac m., paling, fence :

prosuti (-spem) to pour, spread prsa (prsiju): n., pi., chest, breast
:

prosfora f., host, sacrament f., pi., chest, breast


'

:
prsi (prsiju) :

prota : m., archpriest vojeni prsluk m., waistcoat ; ;


:

prota, military chaplain prst m., finger, toe :

proterati to expel, turn out


:
prsten m., ring :

protest m., protest


:
prstid m., little finger j
:

protestovati to protest :
prt m., prtiiia, f., track through :

proteci (-teCem), proticati (-ticem) the snow :


:

to pass through, flow through, prtljag m., luggage, baggage !


:

water j
pr6ija : f., dowry
protiv prep, (gen.), against, after
: ; ;

pruga : f., line, railway-line, streak


na protiv, on the contrary pro- ;
j
prugav, -a, -o, prugast, -a, -o :
adj.,
tiv volje, in spite of myself, lined, grooved
against my will prud : m., sand-bank, dune
protivan, -vna, -vno : adj., con- prui, -ati, -iti : to lengthen, stretch
trary, adverse prusluk m., waistcoat :

protiviti ee to oppose, resist :


prut, prutak in., switch, .- cane
protivljenje : n., protivnost, f., stick
resistance, opposition prutak, -tka, -tko adj., flexible, :

protivnik : m., adversary, oppo- pliant


nent, rival preati se to be in season (of goats) :

protivnic'ki adj., adverse :


F iv.
prc ***., w- AV
m., he-goat, ~mj-e,w
billy-goat , :
. .,,

protivorefian, -6na, -6no adj., con- prSnjak m., chest, breast : i :

tradictory prsun m., parsley :

protivorec'niti to contradict prsut m., -af., ham, sirloin, (of beef)


: i
:

protivore6, -je n., -nost, f., con-ps interj., sh silence


:
|
! : ! !

tradiction psalam m., psalm ; :

Pronounce dj, di, as in Jamas z as s in measure ; j as y in you


:
_;' ; ;

Ij
as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as on
;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats as ah in shout. ;


psa] 60 [put

psalmopevac m., psalmist :


pura :
f., turkey (hen)
psaltir : m., psalter pura : f., prow, bows
psovanje psovka, : n., f., insult, m., turkey
puran :

scolding, outrage pust, pustina f., felt :

psovati (psujem): to scold, re- pust, -a, -o : adj., desert, solitary,


primand deserted
psovad m., scolder, grumbler
:
pustara f., heath :

ptica bird : f., pustinik, -njak : m., hermit


ptidar m., bird-catcher:
pustinja f., desert :

ptidica f., little bird :


pustinjski adj., desert :

pticji adj., of birds


:
pustiti to let, allow, permit, drop
:

puvati to blow :
pustos m., plain, heath, waste-
:

puva6 m., dormouse :


ground
pudljiv adj., timid, afraid, shy :
pustoenje : n., devastation
pui m., snail
:
pustoSiti : to devastate, ravage, lay
puzati, puziti to crawl : waste
pujka f., turkey (hen)
:
pustositelj m., devastator, ravager
:

puk m., regiment


:
put : m., road, way, journey biti ;

puki, -ka, -ko adj., real, true : ; na puttt, to be on a journey ;

puki otac, the image of his sredan put pleasant j ourney ! !

father ; puka istina, the honest put m., time jedan put, once ; : ;

truth ; puki siromah, as poor as prvi put, the first time drugi ;

Job, or anaemia (malokrvnost, f. ) put, another time poslednji put, ;

pukovnik m., colonel : the last time ; na jedan put, to-


pulak m., young donkey, ass
:
gether po drugi put, for the ;

puls m., pulse


: second time
pun, -a, -o adj., full, filled, covered put: prep., for, to;
: Bee u, for
with, stout, fat, plenty Vienna
puniti to fill, load
:
puter : m., butter
punica f. f step-mother :
putilo, puto n., shackles, fetters :

puno adv., much, plenty, lot


:
putir m., chalice :

punokrvan, -krvna, -krvno adj., putni, -na, -no adj., travelling; : :

full-blooded list, m., passport trosak, m., ;

punoletan, -tna, -tno adj., of age travelling expenses :

punoletnik m., -letnicu, f., a out nik m., traveller, passenger,


: :

person of age commercial-traveller


punoletnostvo n., majority putnina f., journey- money
: :

punomod f., authority, power of putnidki : adj., travelling


:

attorney putno : adv., well, right


punomodan, -dna, -6no adj., pleni- putovanje : n., journey, voyage, :

potentiary tour
punost, punoda f., plenty, abund- putovati : to travel, journey ;
:

ance peke, on foot postom, by mail- ;

pupak (pupka) m., navel : coach zeleznicom, by train; ;

pupak (pupka), pupoljak : m., suvim, by land morem, by sea ; ;

bud trgovinom, for business


pupiti to bud : putokaz m., sign-post :

pupcan, -a, -o :
adj., umbilical pu topis m., an account of travel-
:

pupcano vrvce : n., umbilical eor:l ling


Pronounce in James z as in measure ; j as
:
dj, dz, as/ ; y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opini>on ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in .-it : as ah in shout.
puc] 61 [rad

pudi (puknem) : burst, crack ; pu<5i I


pusiti to smoke
: na lulu, to ;

od jeda, to suffocate with anger ; i smoke a pipe pufii se, it is ;

puci od smeha, to die of laughing ;


|
smoking lampa se pusi, the ;

pude glas, they say, the report | lamp is flaring


goes puska f., rifle, gun
:

pueiti se to pout, sulk :


puskar : m., armourer, gun-smith
pucpura f., quail :
puskomet : m., range
puh m., dormouse
:
pusnica t f., oven for drying fruit
puhati (pusem) to blow, to send away: break pustati :

wind puStenica f., divorced woman :

pucaljka f., loop-hole :


pflaater m., plaster :

pucanj m., detonation, bang, shot pcela f., bee


: :

pucati to shoot zora puca, day is pdelanik, pdelinjak m., apiary


:
;
:

breaking pdelar m., bee-keeper :

puce (puceta) n., button pdelarstvo n., apiculture


: :

pudina f., high seas


:
pdelac : m., swarm (of bees)
pusionica f., smoking-room pSenica f., wheat
: :

R, P.
rabadiija m., cab-man, driver : rad : m., work, business, occupa-
rabin m., rabbi
: tion
rabota f., work, labour, business
: rad, -a, -o adj., glad, pleased rad : ;

rabotan, -tna, -tno adj., laborious, sam da ., 1 should like . . .


: . .

industrious, hard-working rada f., mar., road, roadstead :

rabotaS m., workman : raden adj., laborious, industrious :

rabotati to work, labour : radenik m., workman :

rabotnik m., workman, labourer, radi, rad: prep, (gen.), because of,
:

worker for ; radi Boga for the love of !

rabotnica f workwoman, worker : God toga radi, for that reason


. , !

ravan m., camomile


: radii ic a pcela f., working bee :

ravan, ravnina, ravnica : f., plain, radin, -a, -o adj., industrious :

plan, plane, plateau radinost : f. t industry, activity


ravan, -vna, -vno : adj., level, flat, radioniea : f., workshop, work-
smooth, equal, equivalent, same room
ravlje n., castor-oil
: raditi : to work (na nadnicu, by
ravnatelj m., director, manager
: the day ; na parce, piece-work,
ravnati to direct, manage, equal-
:
make, do, operate, manufacture,
ize, rule to keep (a shop), carry on (a
ravniti to smooth, equalize
:
profession)
ravnica : f., ravno, n., plain, radljiv adj., active, industrious :

plateau radljivost : f., activity, industry


ravnovremen, -a, -o adj., simul- radni, -na, -no : adj., workable, :

taneous working
ravnodnevica f., equinox radnik m., workman, labourer
: :

ravnodusan, -sna, -5no adj., calm, radnica f., work-woman :


'

indifferent, phlegmatic radnidki adj., of workmen :

'
:

ravnomeran, -rna, -rno adj., pro- radnja f., shop, trade, commerce : :

portional rado : adv., with pleasure j

ravnoteia f., equilibrium : radovati to enjoy, to be pleased I


:

Pronounce : dj, di, as in James ; 2 as in measure ; j as y in you ; .;'

Ij as /i in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6. f, as ch in church ; u as oo


;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats & as th in shout.


rad] 62 [raz

radovati se to be delighted, to
:
m., development razvitak :

look forward to to develop razviti (-vijem) :

radost f., joy, pleasure, gaiety,


:
m., divorce razvod :

joyfulness razvrat m., debauch, immorality :

radost an, -tna, -tno adj., cheerful, razvratiti to corrupt, debauch,


: :

jolly, jovial pervert


radostno adv., cheerfully, joyfully razvratnik : m., profligate, de-
:

radnja;f., work bauchee


rai f., rye
: razvratnost f., immorality, do- :

raianica f., rye-bread


: bauch
razal, -iti, -ostiti to be sorry, sad razglasiti to announce, publish
: :

rafanj : m., spit, skewer razgovaranje n., conversation :

razbarusiti (kosu) to ruffle (the razgovarati to console, encourage,


: :

hair) inspirit
razbaruSen, -a, -o adj., ruffled :
razgovarati se talk, converse :

(kosa - hair) razgovetan, -tna, -tno: adj., clear,


razbirati : to hear, understand, distinct, intelligible
distinguish razgovor m., conversation, talk
:

razbiti (-bijem) to break, smash, :


razgovoriti nee razgovariti :

shatter (vojsku, army), rout razgoditi to divide :

(novae, money), to change razgoreti se to catch fire :

(glavu, head), to break a head razdavati, -dati to distribute :

razbiti se to be ship-wrecked
: razdavafi m., distributor :

razbluda : f., voluptuousness, de- razdvajati, -dvojiti to separate :

bauch razdeliti, -deljivati to distribute :

razbludan, -dna, -dno :


adj., volup- razdeljak m., parting (of hair) :

tuous, debauched razdeljiv adj., divisible :

razbluditi : to debauch, spoil razdeo (-dela) m., section, division :

razbludnik : m., debauchee, pro- razderati (-dirati) to tear up :

fligate razdraien, -a, -o adj., irritated, :

razbludnica : f., prostitute excited, annoyed


razboj m., loom, battle-field
: razdraziti to irritate, excite, an-
:

razbojiSte n., battle-field


:
noy
razboj nik m., brigand, bandit
: razdrai Ijiv, -iv : adj., irritable
razboj nitvo : n., brigandage razdrmati to shake :

razboleti se to fall ill : razdrufciti to separate :

razbor m., sense, intelligence, dis-


: razi zemlje : on the ground floor
cernment razjaren, -a, -o :
adj., furious, en-
razboran, -rna, -rno :
adj., sensible, raged
judicious, intelligent razjariti to make angry, enrage
:

razbuditi : to awaken razlika f., difference


:

razvalina : f., ruin, remains, debris razlikovati to distinguish, differ- :

razvaliti : to demolish, destroy, entiate, differ, vary


break razliSan, -6na, -cno : adj., different
razvez m., emancipation
:
razlidito, -lidno adv., different :

razvencati se to divorce :
razlog m., reasop., cause, motive :

razvijanje n., razvoj, m., develop-


:
razlozan, -ina, -i.no adj., sensible :

ment reasonable
razvijati (-vijem) to develop razloziti
: to explain :

Pronounce dj, di,, as j in James 4 as s in mea-yure ; j as y in you;


:
;

Ij
as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo ; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats 5 as .th in shout.


; ;
raz] 63 [ras

razloino : adv., sensibly, reason- razum, -evati, -eti (razumem) : to


ably understand, hear
razlomak m., fraction desetni razumljiv adj., intelligible, clear,
: ; :

razlomak, decimal fraction comprehensible


razlomiti to break : razumnost f., intelligence :

razma prep., excepting


:
raj m., paradise :

razmaziti to spoil (of children) raja f., raja, Christian subjects In


: :

razmazenko m., spoilt child Turkey


:

razmak m., interval :


rajski adj., of pnradise :

razmahnuti to brandish rak m., cray-fish


: morski rak, : ;

razmena f., exchange : lobster (bole.st, illness), cancer


razmeniti, -menjivati to exchange raka f., tomb, grave : :

razmer m., dimension, proportion, raketla f., rocket


: :

scale (on maps) rakija f., brandy :

razmera f., proportion, dimension rakijas m., tippler, boozer


: :

razmeran, -rna, -rno : adj., pro- rakisapun m., scented soap :

portional rakita f., osier, willow :

razmisliti, razmisljati to reflect, rakidzija m., distiller : :

meditate rakidzij nica f., distillery :

razmnoziti : to multiply ral : m., acre


raznezen adj., effeminate, soft : ralica f., ralo, n., plough :

razni, -na, -no : adj., different, ramazan m., Ramadan :

various rame (ramena) n., shoulder :

raznobojan, -bojna, -bojno adj., ramenice f., pi., braces : :

many-coloured rana : f., wound


raznovrstan, -tna, -tno adj., of ranar m., surgeon, operator : :

many kinds, heterogeneous ranarstvo : n., surgery


raznosac' m., postman : ranac m., haversack :

raznositi to distribute letters: rani, -na, -no : adj., early, pre-


razor m., furrow
: mature
razor m., destruction, ruin
: ranilac m., ranilica, f., early-riser :

razorati to labour (in the fields) raniti : to wound, to rise early


:

razoritelj m., destroyer : ranica f., small wound :

razoriti to destroy, ruin


: rano adv., early, soon :

razoruzati to disarm ranoranilac m., early-riser


: :

razred m., class, division, section ranjaviti to wound


: :

razrediti to arrange, classify :


ranjenik : m., wounded man
razrezati to cut : raonik : n ploughshare
razresavati, -reSiti to solve, to rapa f., pock-mark : :

guess rapav, -a, -o : adj., uneven, rough,


razreiiv, -a, -o : adj., solvable pock-marked
razrok, -a, -o : adj., cross-eyed, rasa f., monk's habit
:

squint rasad m., -a., f., seed-bed, nursery


:

razruiti to destroy, demolish :


(garden)
razuzdan, -a, -o adj., disorderly : rasaditi to transplant, plant out :

razum m., intellect, reason, in-


: rasadnik m., nursery (garden) :

telligence rasvitak, rasvit m., dawn, day- :

razuman, -mna, -mno :


adj., sen- break
sible, intelligent, reasonable rasvitati se : to dawn
Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James ; z as a in measure
: j as y in you ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats ; as ah in shout, ;


ras] 64 [rea

rasejan, -a, -o adj., preoccupied


: rasrditi se to get angry :

rasejanost :
f., preoccupation rast : m., size, growth, stature
raseliti se : to emigrate
rastaviti, -vljati : to separate
raselje n., : rastanak : m., departure, separa-
emigration
rasipati to disperse, scatter, lavish
:
tion, farewell
rasipniije n., lavishness : rastati se to say good-bye, leave :

raskalasan, -sna, -sno :


adj., im- one another
moderate rasti (rastem) : to grow, develop
raskalasnost f., extravagance : rastovina : f., oak-wood
raskol m., raskolniStvo, n., heresy
:
rastopiti : to melt
raskolnik m., heretic :
rastrkan, :
adj., scattered-a, -o
rasko m.,debauch,voluptuousness
:
rastrojiti to disorganize :

raskosan, -sna, -sno adj., de- : rastrostvo n., disorganization :

bauched, voluptuous rastumaciti to explain, interpret :

raskralj m., ex-king :


rasudan, -dna, -dno adj., reason- :

raskrsnica f., raskrs6e, n., cross- : able


roads rashod : m., expense
raspeti (raspnem) to crucify : rat :m., war
raspede n., crucifixion: ratar m., labourer, farm-hand
:

raspeiatit i to unseal : ratiste : n., battle-field


raspis : m., circular, order ratni, -na, -no : adj., war, military
raspisati to order (by circular)
: ratnik m., soldier, warrior
:

raspitati to find out : ratnidki : adj., soldier


rasploditi to reproduce, multiply :
ratoboran, -rna, -rno adj., warlike :

raspolaganje n., disposition : ratobornost f., military ardour :

raspoloviti to halve :
ratovanje n., war, campaign :

raspolofen, -a, -o adj., good- : ratovati to make war :

humoured, amiable raf : m., shelf


raspolo4enje n., mood, :
disposi- ra6un m., bill, account, calcula-
:

tion, humour tion


raspoloviti : to
to distribute
reckon, calculate, radunati :

raspon m., arch (of bridge)


: count ; na pamet, in one's head
raspop : m., unfrocked priest rafiunica f., arithmetic :

raspopiti to unfrock : rafiunovodstvo n., book-keeping, :

raspored m., order, arrangement,


: accounts
programme raSunovodja : m., accountant
rasporediti : to arrange, dispose rafiundzija m., calculator :

raspra f., quarrel, row, difference raslriti to increase, widen


: :

raspremati, miti to tidy, clear up rasiti to unsew : :

rasprodaja f., rasprodavanje, sale, rasta : adv. why, because of


:
,

liquidation rbanjci m., pi., rbina, f., potsherd, :

rasprodavati, rasprodati ; to sell bits, chips


out, liquidate rdakva f radish : . ,

rasprostirati to spread rdja : f., rust


:

raspust : m., holidays, vacation, rdjav, -a, -o adj., bad, wicked, :

leave naughty
raspustiti to dismiss, discharge :
rdjati se to rust :

raspusten, -a, -o adj., discharged, realac m., a boy at a modern or


: :

let out real school


Pronounce
:
dj, di, as j in James ; 2 as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
Ij asin million ; nj as
li in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo m
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as sh in shout.
rca] 65 [rit

realka : f., modern (real) school redem :


adj., mentioned
rebro : n., rib redenica : f., phrase, expression
revan, -vna, -vno adj., enthusi- : redit : adj., eloquent
astic, zealous, keen reditost f., eloquence :

revmatizam : m., rheumatism redica f., small river, stream


:

revnost f., zeal, enthusiasm : rednik m., dictionary, vocabulary


:

revnostan, -tna, -tno adj., enthu- :


resenje n., resolution, decision:

siastic, keen reSetati to sieve, screen, winnow:

regrut : m., recruit, conscript reSeto n., sieve, screen


:

rsgrster m., slate-pencil : reSetka f., grating, grate :

red m., order, rank, row,


:
file, resiti to decide, solve, determine
:

line ; na mene je red, it is my resiti se to be decided, make up :

turn jed&red, dvared, once, twice


; one's mind
redak, retka, retko adj., rare, : r :
m., rye; rzanica, f., rye-bread
seldom, uncommon j
rzanje n., neigh :

redni, -na, -no: adj., denoting rzati (riem) to neigh :

order riba f., fish


:

redni broj m., ordinal number : riban, -bna, -bno adj., with fish, :

rednja f., epidemic :


fishy
redov m., private soldier
: ribanac, -nca m., cut up cabbage :

redovan, -vna, -vno adj., regular, ribanje n., fishing : :

orderly, methodical, ruled ribar : m., fisherman


redom, redomice adv., in order, in ribarica f., fisherman's wife
: :

turn ribarka f., fisherwoman :

redusa f., house-keeper : ribarski adj., of fishing :

redjati to arrange, line up : ribarde : n., fisherboy


rezanj., m., slice ribati : to fish
rez., m., cut, incision, blade, edge ribati : to rub, hash
rezanac m., rezanci, m., pi., flat,: ribizle : f., pi. (red), currantt
vermicelli, macaroni ribica : f., small fish
rezati (rezem): to cut ribid : m., muscle
reka f., river:
riblja pijaca f., fish-market :

rekla : f., woman's coat ribnjak m., pond, fish-pond, pool :

rektor m., rector : ribolov m., ribolovstvo, n., fish-


:

remek m., masterpiece :


ing
remen m., strap : ribolovac m., fisherman :

ren m., horse-radish


:
ridanje n., lamentation :

renga f., herring :


ridj, -a, -o adj., reddish, russet :

rep m., tail


:
ridjokos, -a, -o adj., red-haired :

repa f., root ; bela repa, turnip


: rig m., rice ;
:

iuta repa, f., carrot riza f., coat :

repatica f., comet : rizik m., risk na svoj rizik, at : ;

retko adv., seldom, rarely


: one's own risk
retkost f., rarity, curiosity : rizik, -ati, -ovati to risk, hazard :

reci (redem) to say, tell, speak ris : m., ream (of paper)
:

recept m., prescription, recipe


: ris m., lynx :

red :m., word dovek od redi, a risati, risovati to draw, sketch


;
:

man of his word odriati svoju riti (rijem) to dig up, root up ; :

red, to keep one's word ritinar m., tramp (in rags) I :

Pronounce :
dj, di, as j in James ; 4 as s in measure j as y in you ; ;

Ij as / in million nj as ; m in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church u as 00 ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; a? ah in shout.


rif] 66 [rud

rif :
m., ell rodjen, -a, -o adj., born, by birth :

rkati (nfiem), rknuti (rknem) : to rodjen dan m., birthday :

snore rodjeni, -na, -no adj., by birth, :

rob in., slave


:
german
roba f., goods, luggage, baggage
:
rodjeni brat rodjena sestra,
: ;

robija f., enforced labour: brother, sister (same parents)


robijaS m., convict :
rodjenici in., pi., descendants :

robinja, robinjica : f., slave-girl rodjenje n., birth, nativity :

robiti to enslave : roian, -2na, -no adj., horn :

robljo n., slaves : roidenstvo : n., the Nativity


robotnik m., workman :
roj: m., swarm of beea
robovanje: n., slavery rojiti se : to swarm
rovit, -a, -o :
adj., tender;
soft, rok : m., term, fixed time
rovito jaje, soft-boiled egg rolja : f., roller
rog m. (rogovi), horn
:
roljati to roll :

rogat, -a, -o adj., horned : ; rogata roman m., novel :

marva, f., homed cattle romantic'an, -Sna, -Sno :


adj., ro-
rogoz m., rush : mantic
rogulje n., pitch-fork : ronac (-nca) : m., diver
rod m., birth, origin, race, gender,
: rona<Sko zvono : n., diving-bell
sex, sort, kind, related ; mi smo ropkinja f., slave-girl :

rod, we are related mi smo ; ropac m., death-agony :

daleki rod, we are distantly ropski adj., slave :

related ropstvo n., slavery :

roda f., stock:


ropfie n., slave-boy :

rodan, -diia, -dno : adj., fertile, rosa f., dew, rose


:

productive rosan, -sna, -sno :


adj., dewy, dew-
rodbina f., relationship ; moja : covered
rodbina, my relatives rositi (rosi) :the dew is falling
rodina f., abundance, fertility
:
rosulja : f., scotch mist
roditelj in., parent, father : rota : f., oath
roditeljka f., parent, mother : to swear, to take an oath
rotati :

roditelji m., pi., parents : rotkvica f., radish :

roditi to give birth to, bear


: rtenica f., spinal cord :

roditi se to be born :
rub, rubez m., hem :

rodoljub, rodoljubac m., patriot : rubac m., handkerchief :

rodoljuban, -bna, -bno, -ljubiv : rubin : m., ruby


adj., patriotic rublja : f., rouble
rodoljublje: n., -Ijivost, f., patriot- rublje : n., rubina, f., linen (to wear)
ism ruga f., ruganje, n., mocKery,
:

rodom iz. :adv., native of, from jeer, scoff


rodopis :
rugati se to mock, laugh at, sco3
m., rodoslovlje, n., gene- :

alogy rugad : m., scoffer, mocker


rodoskvrnost f., incest rugoba, rugota f., ugliness
: :

rodja f., rodjo, m., relation


: ruda f., mine, mineral :

rodjak rn., rodjakinja, f., relation, ruda f., pole (of a carriage)
: :

cousin mi smo rodjaci, we are rudar m., miner


; :

distantly connected (related) rudarstvo : n., mining


rodjacki adj., adv., as a relation rudina f., meadow
: :

Pronounce as j in James i as 8 in measure :


j as y in you ;
dj, d, ; ;

Ij as ii in million nj as ni in opinion ; c, 6, as ch in church u as oo


; ;

in room ; ha.sc/i in loch ; c as ts in cats as sh in shout. ;


rud] 67 [sav

ruclilo : rukovati se to shake hands


n., curling tonga :

rudiste : n., mine


rukovet m., handful, bundle :

rudnik m., mine :


rukovodja m., manager :

rudnjak: m., helmsman, steersman rukopis m., handwriting, manu- :

rudokos adj., curly-haired :


script
rua f rose divlj a
: wild rose rukotvor m., manual labour
. ,
; , :

ruzan, -4na, -i.no adj., ugly, nasty rulja f., crowd : :

ruziti : to abuse, insult rum :


m., rum
ruino adv., bad, badly
:
m., blush obuze ga rumen : ;

ruzmarin m., rosemary rumen, he coloured up, blushed


:

ruj: m.,rujevina,f., sumach rumen, -a, -o adj., red, vermilion, :

ruj an, -jna, -jno reddish, yellowish ruddy :

ruj an m., September


: rumenit adj., vermilion :

rujba: f., chilblain rumenilo n., red, rouge :

rujevika f., myrtle : rumeniti se to blush :

ruka f., hand, arm, handwriting rumetin m., maize


: ; :

za rukom podi, to succeed runo n., fleece ; :

ciniti kome na ruku, to lend a rupa f., hole :

helping hand ispod ruke, under- rus adj., fair, blonde ; :

hand ruku pod ruku, arm-in- ruho n., clothes


; :

arm rasirenih ruku, with open ruCavati, ruCati to dine


; :

arms od svake ruke, of all sorts rucak (-6ka) m., dinner ; mali
; :

rudav m., sleeve : rufiak early lunch ;

rukavica f., glove navuci, to ru6ica f., little hand, handle


: ; :

put on skinuti rukavice, to take rudnik


; m., compendium, manual :

off one's gloves rusevina : f., ruins


rukatka f., handle :
rusilac, rufiitelj : m., destroyer
rukovanje: n., manipulation ruSiti : to destroy, ruin, demolish
rukovati, rukovoditi to manipulate :

s, c.

,
saprep. (gen. and inst.), with,
: sabor : m., assembly, congress
of, from, by, against, at ; sa council, synod
vecera, at dusk, evening ; sa sabrat : m., colleague, fellow-
jeseni, at the beginning of autumn member
sabajle adv., from daybreak
: sabrati (-berem) : to assemble,
sabiranje n., addition : collect
sabiratelj m., collector :
aloe sabur : in.,
sabirati to assemble, collect, add
: sav, sva, sve svi, sve, sva pron., : :

up all, total
sablaznjiv, -a, o adj., indecent, savat m., enamel : :

scandalous, shocking savatiti : to enamel


sablaznj ivost f., indecency savez m., alliance, federation,
: :

sablazan f., sablazna, f., scandal, league, coalition, association


:

indecency savezati to unite, attach, join :

sablazniti to scandalize saveznik : m., ally, confeder- :

sablast f., phantom, vision : ate


sablja f., sword : savezniclu adj., of allies :

sabljicica f., iria savest f., conscience


:
|
:

Pronounce : dj, dt, as j in James ; 4 as a in measure j as ; y in you ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as m
in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as ah in shout.
sav] 68 [sam
savestan, -tna, -tno :
adj., consci- do sada, up to now od sada, from ;

entious, scrupulous now onwards ; za sada, for tha


savestnost : f., honesty, conscien- present
tiousness sadanji, -nja, -nje, sadasnji, -nja,
savet m., council, advice, con-
:
-nje adj., present, modern
:

sultation dr avni savet, cabinet ;


sacla.su j os t f., present time :

council ; pitati za savet, to ask saditi to sow, plant


:

advice sadrzaj : m., sadrzina, f., contents,


savetnik m., counsellor
: index
savetovanje n., consultation : sadrzavati (-zajem), -zati (-im):
counsel, advice to contain, hold
savetovati to advise, counsel :
sadrug m., companion
:

savetovati se to deliberate, : sadruziti se to mix with, associate :

confer with
savetodavac m., consultant : sazaliti se : to pity, condole with,
savetski : adj., of a council be sorry for
savijati, saviti : to bend, curve, sazaljevati to regret, pity :

lean, to fold sazaljevanje, sazaijenje: n. pity,


savijutak (-tka) m., curve, bend :
compassion, regret
savladati, savladjivati to master, : sazeti (saimem) to shrug (rame- :

vanquish, conquer, to get over (a nima, one's shoulders)


difficulty) sazecl (sai.oi.em) to burn :

savremen, -a, -o adj., contem- : sazvati (sazovem) : to convoke


porary sazdatelj : m., creator
savremenik m., contemporary : sazdati to create :

savrh prep., from the top of


: sazreti (-rim) to ripen :

savrSen, -a, -o adj., finished, ac- :


sajam m., fair
:

complished, perfect sajdzija m., watch-maker, clock-


:

savrSenost f., savrSenstvo, n., per-: maker


fection sakloniti : to take care of ; Bo2e
savrSiti to finish, terminate
:
May God help me me sakloni ! !

sag m., carpet


: sakriti (sakrijem) to hide :

sagibati to bend, curve


: sakriti se to hide oneself :

saglasan, -sna, -sno adj., agreed, sakruSenje n., contrition : :

harmonious, consenting saksija f., flower-pot :

saglasiti se : to agree, consent saktijan : m., Morocco leather


saglasno adv., in accordance, suit- sakupiti,
:
sakupljati to collect, :

ably assemble
saglasnost : f., agreement, accord- salamura f., brine, pickle :

ance salata f., salad


:

sagledati to look, notice


: salas m., farm
:

sagnuti to bend, curve


: salevati.saliti, -lijem : to cast metal
sagnuti se to stoop, lean :
salep : m., a hot drink with honey
sagoreti to be burnt
: salitra : f., saltpetre
sagraditi to build
: salo : n., f., at
sagreSiti to sin
: salfeta : f., napkin, serviette
sad m., plantation
: sam, -a, -o : pron., alone
sad, sada adv., now, actually, at
: samar m., pack-saddle
:

present ; ba sad, exactly now ; samarusa f., packing-needle :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James : i as g in measure ; j as


:
y in IJOM j

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, <5, as ch in church ; u a-> oo


io room ; h as ch in loch ; c as is in cats ; s as sh in shout.
6am] 69 [sas

samard2ija: m., pack-saddle maker san, sanan, -a, -o adj., sleepy :

Bamati, -ta, -to adj., the same sandala f., sandal : i :

samac (-mca) m., bachelor, single sanduk m., case, packing-case,


: :

man chest, trunk mrtvacki sanduk, ;

samiti to isolate
: m., coftiri
samleti (sameljem) to grind : sanducic in., box :

sanio adv., only, alone


:
sanice, sanke (-naka) : f., pi., sleigh,
eamo da conj., if only, provided sanljiv, sanjiv adj., sleepy
: :

that ... santa f., icicle, block of ice :


j

same, na samo tete-a-tete san6im adv., almost, quasi : ! :

samovar m., samovar (Russian sanjalac, sanjalo m., dreamer


:
|
:

water boiler) sanja f., sanje, n., dream i :

to dream
'

Barnovla.stan, -tna, -tno adj., sanjati : :

arbitrary \
sanjarija : f.,reverie
'

Bamovlastnost f., arbitrariness :


sanjavac : m., night-cap
samovolja f., obstinacy : i
sanjivost : f., somnolence
eamovoljan, -ljua, -Ijno : adj., sanjkanje :
n., sleigh-drive
obstinate sanje'ice: f.. tobogan
samoglasnik m.. vowel saone, saoiiice, :saoni : ., pi.,
samodrzac m., autocrat sleigh
:

samozivac, samoljubac m., egoist saonik m., sleigh road : :

tsamozivnost : f., s>amoljublje, n., saopstiti : to communicate, to tell,


egoism inform
samoljuban, -bna, -bno, samolju- sape, sapi f., pi., crupper :

biv adj., egotistic


:
sapirati: to clean, wr.ah
eamostalan, -Ina, -Ino adj., inde- sapun m., soap rnirisljavi , : : ;

pendent, autonomoxis scented soap


sarnostalnost f., independence, sapunati, -iti to
:
soap :

autonomy eapundSija : m., soap-boiler


eamotan, -tna, -tno adj., lonely, sapuiidzij nica f., soap-works : :

solitary sapunjav, -a, -o adj., soapy :

samotinja, samotnost : f., solitude, saputnik m., saputnica, f., tra- :

loneliness veiling-companion
samoca f., solitude:
saraga f., herring :

samodovati to live alone saradnik m., collabor8,tor


: :

samoubistvo h., suicide saradniStvo : n., collaboration


:

samoubica m. and f., suicide earazmeran, -rna, -rno adj., pro-


: :

samouprava f., autonomy portional :

samrt : f., death; biti na samrti, sarazmernost : f., proportion


to be on one's death-bed saraj m., seraglio, harem :

f-amrtnost f., mortality : sarad : in., saddler


samsov : m., mastiff sardina f sardine : . ,

samur m., sable: aaruk m., turban :

eamurovina f., sable-fur sasa f., anemone


: :

samcat, samcit adj., quite alone sa svim adv., entirely, all : :

san (sna), sanak (sanka) m.. sleep, sasma adv., absolutely :


j
:

dream u snu, in my sleep ; sasred adv., from the middle


; , :

trgnuti se iz sna, to wake up sud- sastav m., composition, con- :

deiily struction
Pronounce :
asj in James ; z as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
dj, di,
Ij as li in million nj as nt in opinion ; 6, , as ch in church ; u as oo
;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as sh in shout.


sas] {sve

sastaviti, -Ijati : to unite, join to- svaki, -a, -o pron., every, every :

gether, to compose one, everybody


sastanak (-nka) : m., meeting, re- svakovrstan, -tna, -tno : adj., of
union all sorts
sastojati se : to be composed of, svakoji, -ja, -je pron., each :

consist of svakuda adv., everywhere :

sastrag adv., from behind


: svanutak m., svanuce, n., dawn:

sasud: m., vase svanuti (-nem), svanjivati to :

sat : m., hour (dzepni), watch ; dawn


(zidni), clock ; (ufienja), lesson ; svast, svastika : f., sister-in-law
(puta), 3 miles ; naviti sat, to wife's sister)
wind up stao mi sat, my watch ; svat m., wedding- guest
:

has stopped moj sat ide ; svatovi : m., pi., wedding


napred, my watch is fast, gains ; svatovati to be at a wedding
:

moj sat zaostaja, my watch is svaca f., sister-in-law


:
(sister ol
slow, loses ; koliko je sati ? brother's wife)
what is the time ? sva&ji, -ja, -je pron., of each :

sat (meda) m., honey-comb


: svaSta adv., of all sorts
:

sati (sem) : to suck svedok m., witness


:

satrti (-trem) : to pulverize svedoSanstvo n., svedodzba, f., :

sa6ura f., bread-basket


:
testimony, attestation, certificate,
saucestnik m., accomplice : witness
sau6e6e n., participation :
svedo6enje :
n., testimony
sahan v., san : svedofiiti : to testify, bear witness,
sahat v., sat
:
give evidence
sahraniti to bury, inter : svez, -a, -e adj., fresh, cool, recent
:

sahranj ivan j e n., burial, funeral : svezina, sveinost f., freshness :

sa6ma :
f., shot
sveza f., conjunction :

safiuvati ; Boze svezak (sveska) m., copy-book,


: to keep, preserve :

saSuvaj God forbid note-book


! !

sadzak m., tripod :


svejedno adv., it does not matter, :

sadzija m., watch-maker, clock-


: it's all the same
maker svekar m., father-in-law (hus- :

sva v., sav


: band's father)
svagda adv., always : svekoliko adv., all together :

svagde adv., everywhere : svekrva f., mother-in-law (hus- :

svadba f., wedding : srebrna band's mother) ;

zlatna, svadba, silver, golden svemogu6i, -6a, -ce adj., all- :

wedding powerful
svadbeni, -a, -o adj., nuptial svemo6an, -6na, 6110 all -powerful
: :

avadja, svadnja f., quarrel sveopSti, -ta, -to adj., universal.


: :

svaja f., sister-in-law


:
(sister general
wife) sverep, -a, -o, svirep adj., cruol, :

svak m., brother-inJaw (wife's


: inhuman
brother) sverepost f., cruelty, barbarity :

svak, -a, -o pron., every, every sveska f., copy-book


: :

one, everybody svesrdno adv., cordially :

svakacl adv., always : svest f., conscience mr6i rni : ;

vakako adv., in any case svest, my head is going round


:

Pronounce :
dj, dZ, as j in James ; 4 as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
Ij as li in million ; nj as m
in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u an oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ta in cats ; 5 as ah in shout.
sve] 71 [svii

svestan, -stna, -stno, -sna, -sno : sveStenski adj., sacerdotal :

adj., conscientious, prudent ;


sveStenstvo n., priesthood :

svesti (svedem) to lead down :


; svibanj m., May :

svesti o6i, to shut one's eyes svijati to fold:

Bvestran, -a, -o adj., universal : svila : f., silk


svet m., council
: svilana : f., spinning silk
svet m., world, universe, people,
: svilar : m., silk-spinner, silk-mer-
crowd, public, daylight chant
vet, -a, -o adj., saintly, holy, : svilara f., silk-mill
:

saint svilen, -a, -o : adj., silken silk


Bvetao,-tla,-tlo adj.,brilliant,bright svinja f., pig, sow divlja svinja,
: : ;

svetac (sveca) m., saint wild boar :

sveti m., festival of patron-saint svinjar m., pig-herd


: :

of a family svinjarija f., beastliness, filthiness :

svetilnik m., lighthouse :


svinjarstvo n., pig, breeding :

svetilo n., light


:
svinjac m., pig-sty :

svetina f., crowd, people


:
svinjetina f., pork :

svetinja f., holy thing :


svinjeci, svinjski adj., of pigs :

Bvetinjak m., saint, holy-man :


svinjc'e n., hog, swine :

Bvetinjica f., reliquary :


svioni, -na, -no :
adj., silken
svetiti : to bless svirajka, sviraljka f., flute, whistla :

svetiti se to take vengeance : svirati to play (the piano, violin, :

svetkovanje: n., celebration etc.)


svetkovati to celebrate 8vira6 m., musician
: :

svetkovina f., festival svirka : f., music, whistle


:

svetliti to shine : svod m., vault, arch :

svetlost f., light, Highness


: svodan, -dna, -dno adj., vaulted :

svetnjak m., candlestick, chande- svoj, -a, -e, svoji, -e, -a pron., my,
: :

lier thine, his, hers, ours, yours,


svetovan, -vna, -vno adj., lay their ; ja imam svoj, ti imas svoj, :

svetovati to advise : on ima svoj SeSir itd . ., I .

svetovnjak m., layman have my hat, you have your hat,


:

svetost f holiness : . , he has his hat, etc. . . .

svetski adj., worldly, universal


:
svojina f., property :

sve6a f., candle


: svota f., total amount :

svecenik m., priest : svrab m., itching :

svecenje n., benediction, blessing svraka f., magpie


: :

svednjak m., candlestick : svratiti to stay (at an inn, etc.), :

sveuciliste n., university :


put up
svecani, -na, -no: adj., solemn, svrafiak m., ortolan :

imposing svrbeti (-bim) to itch :

eveCanik, sveCani dan festival, svrdao (svrdla) n., drill, gimlet : :

saints' day svraen, -a, -o :


adj., finished, accom-
svecanost solemnity, festival : f., plished
sveSten, -a, -o adj., holy, blessed : svrSetak m., achievement :

sveStenik m., priest, pope : svriti : to finish, achieve, accom-


BveStenic'ki :
adj., ecclesiastical plish
svestenodejstvovati : to celebrate svud, svuda, svukud : adv., every-
mass where
Pronounce dj, dt, as j in James 2 as in measure ; j as
: ; y in you ;

Ijas li in million nj as in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; m ; u as oo


in ro'im ; h as cA in loch ; c as ts in cats ; 6 as sh in shout.
svu} [sil

svu6i se (svudem.) : to undress, take j seljanka, seljakusa : f., peasant


off woman
se pron., self
:
seljadki : adj., peasant, village,
sebe pron., self,:
myself, himself, rustic, rural
etc. sem : prep. , besides, save, excepting
sebi pron. (dative), to myself, etc.
: seme (semena) n., seed, grain :

sever m., north :


semenje : n., seeds, grain
severni, -na, -no adj., northern : sen m., scna, f., shadow, shade
:

severno adv., in the north : senat m., senate :

severnjae'a the pole-star : senator in., senator :

sed, -a, -o :
adj., grey senica f., arbour, summer-house
:

sedalo : n., perch senka f., v. sen :

sedam : num. seven seno n., hay :

sedamdeset num. seventy :


senpkos : m., -ko5a f., mowing :

sedamnaest num. seventeen :


senjak : m., hay-loft (or barn)
sedati to sit, to take a chair, seat,
: seoba : f., emigration, removal
to perch (o suncu, of the sun), to seoski :
adj., rustic, rural, village
set septembar m., September :

sedeti (sedim) to live, lodge, to be : sesti (sednem) to sit down :

seated sestra f., sister:

sediti (sedim) to turn grey : sestrin adj., of a sister:

sedef m., mothor-of -pearl


: sestrinski adj., sisterly :

sedefast: adj., mother-of-pearl sestrid : m., nephew (son of sister)


sedilac m., inhabitant : sestriSina : f., niece (daughter of
sedite : seat
n., sister)
sedlar : m., saddler seta : f., melancholy, sadness
sedlati : to saddle set an. -tna, -tno :
adj., melancholic,
sedlo n., saddle : sad
sedrni, -ma, -mo the seventh : setiti se, sedati se to remember :

sedmina f., seventh : setovati : to become melancholic


sedmica f., seven, week :
se6anje : n., remembrance, sou-
sedmic'ni :
adj., weekly venir
sednica f session, sitting : .
, se6ati to recall :

sednuti to sit down : to cut


se6i (sefiem), secati :

sedobrad, -a, -o adj., grey-bearded : secavac m., cut-up cabbage :

seiz m., groom, orderly


: seckati to chop up :

seja, seka f., sister :


sedanj m., January :

sejalica f., a drill (for sowing corn)


: se6ivo n., blade, cutting instru-
:

sejati (sejem) to sow, to sieve : ment


sejaS m., a sower
: siv, -a, -o: adj., grey
sekira f., axe, hatchet:
siguran, -rna, -rno :
adj., sure,
sekirati se to worry oneself : certain
sekretar m., secretary :
sigurnost f., :
safety, security, sure-
selidba :
f., removal ness
seliti : to populate sidrati to anchor :

seliti se to remove (change resi-


: sidro : n., anchor
dence) sila : f., strength, power, vio-
selo : n., village lence
aeljak, seljakanin : m., peasant silaianje : n., silazak, m., desc?nt,
Pronounce dj, d2, as j in James ; 8 as s in measure ; j as :
y in you
Ij as li in million ; nj as in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church m ; u as oo
;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c aa ts in cats ; as sh in shout.


73 [ske

going down ; a prestola, abdi- sirotan, -tna, -tno :


adj., orphaned,
cation poor
silaziti : to come, go, walk, climb sirotinja : f., poverty, poor people
down, descend sirotica : f., orphan girl
eilan, -Ina, -Ino, sileni :
adj., power- sirocad : f ., orphans
fid, strong sirde : n. (ocat, octa, m.) vinegar
eilimice adv., by force : sisa : f., breast, nipple
eiliti to force : sisak m., mouth-piece
:

silovanje: n., violation, rape sisaljka: f., sucking-bottle (for


eilovati to violate, rape :
babies)
silom, silomice adv., by force :
sisanje : n., sucking
simbol : m., symbol sisati (sisam, sisem ) to suck :

simit m., white bread: sit, -a, -o adj., satiated, satisfied,


:

sims m., cornice :


replete
eimsija : f., pipe (to smoke) sita : f., reed
Bin m., son
: sitan, -tna, -tno :
adj., small, tiny,
sinak, sincic : m., little son, little pretty
boy sitan novae : m., small change,
fiiniti to adopt :
money
Binovac (-vca) : m., nephew (bro- sititi : to satiate, have enough
ther's son) sitnica : f., trifle, bagatelle
einovica f., niece (brother's : sitnicar m., dealer in old curiosi-
:

daughter) ties
sinski :
adj., filial sito : n., sieve
einor : m., limit sitost : f., satiety, repletion
sinoriti to limit
: sidan, -6na, -6no : adj., v., sit
eino6 adv., last night
: sidi (sidjem) to get down, alight :

sindzir m., chain : sican : m., arsenic


einjav, sinjast, sinji adj., greyish sjajan, -jna, -jno : adj., brilliant, :

sipa f., cuttle-fish


:
shining
sipljiv, -a, -o : adj., asthmatic sjajati se (sjajim se) : to shine
eipnja f., asthma :
sjanost : f., brilliance, splendour,
sir : m., cheese pomp
sirak (-rka) m., orphan :
sjahati (sjaem) to dismount :

siriti to make cheese


:
sjediniti to unite, join together
:

siriti se to curdle :
sjedinjenje: n., union, reunion
sirnica f., cheese-dairy : f., hand (of a watch, etc.) ekazaljka :

eirov, -a, -o : adj., raw, crude skakavac m., grasshopper :

sirovina : f., raw produce skakavica f., stock-lock :

siromah : m., siromasak, m., poor skakati (skacem): to jump, bound


man skakutati to hop, jump :

siromasan, -na, -sno adj., poor, skameniti se : to petrify :

indignant skaska f., tale, story :

siromasica f., poor woman skela f., ferry, ferry-boat


: :

eiromaski adj., poor skelarina f., freight, freighting


: :

siromasnost : f., siromastina, f., skele f., pi., scaffold, scaffolding :

siromaStvo, poverty, indigence skelet m., skeleton :

irotan m., sirotfe, n., orphan boy, skeledzija : m., ferry-man


:

orphan skcrletan, -tna, -tno: adj., scarlet


Pronounce dj dz, as :
, inJames ; i, as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
m
_;'

Ij asin millionli nj as ; in opinion ; d, 6, as ch in church ; u as 00


in room h as ch in loch ; ; c as ts in cats ; & as eh in shout.
ski] 74 tsla

skidati, skinuti (-iicm) to take off, : skrov m. f skroviste, n., shelter,


:

undress, to take down skiuuli ; refuge


kapu, to take off one's cap skroman, -mna, -mno adj. t :

skiptar m., sceptre : modest, discreet


skitalac, skitalica, skitalo , : m skromnost f., modesty, discretion :

skitnica, f., tramp, vagabond, skruSen, -a, -o :


adj., penitent, con-
vagrant trite
skitanje : n., skitnja, f., vagrancy, skruenost :f., contrition, penitence
tramping skuba f., house-keeper :

skitati se : to tramp, ramble, rove skup m., meeting, assembly


:

skica : sketch f., skup, -a, -o


adj., dear, expensive :

skicirati to sketch, draw :


skupo adv., dear, expensive
:

sklad m., agreement, harmony


:
skupa adv., together:

skladiste n., warehouse, store :


skupiti, skupljati to meet together, :

sklata f., fool, dupe


: assemble
sklenica f., tumbler, glass :
skupost, skupoca f., dearness, :

Bklenifar m., glazier :


expense
sklib m., grimace
:
skupocen, -a, -o adj., precious, :

sklibiti to make grimaces (faces)


: valuable
sklizak, skliska, -sko adj., slippery, :
skupstina f., parliament, assembly :

smooth skupstinar m., deputy, member :

sldizaljka f., slide, ice-run : of parliament


sklizati, -znuti to slip, slide :
skupstinski adj., parliamentary :

skloniti to take care of


: skut m., skirt (of a coat)
:

sklopiti to compose, join


: ; slab, -a, -o, slabafiak, -Ska, -6ko :
ruke, to fold one's hands ne ; adj., weak, delicate, infirm, fragile
sklopiti oCi cele noci, not to close slabiti : to weaken, reduce
one's eyes the whole night slabo adv., weakly, little, rarely
:

skob : m., shock slabodusan, -sna, -siio adj., faint- :

skobiti : to meet hearted


skovati : to forge, rivet slabodusnost f., pusillanimity :

skok m., jump


: slabo krvan, -vna, -vno adj., anae- :

nkoncati to end, finish : mic


skorasnji, -ja, -je: adj., recent slabomocan, -cna, -6no :
adj., weak,
ekorim adv., shortly : feeble
skoriti to hurry, hasten
: elabost f., weakness :

skoro : adv., soon, shortly slabouraan, -mna, -mno :


adj., im-
skorpija : f., scorpion becile, idiotic, weak-minded
skorup m., cream : slaboumlje : n., slaboumnost, f.,
skot m., cattle
:
imbecility, idiocy
skotski: adj., brutal slava f., glory, renown, fame,
:

skoclti to jump, leap:


patron saint's day of Serbian
skratiti, skracivati : to shorten families
skrinja : f., cupboard slavan, -vna, -vno adj., famous, :

skriti, skrivati : to hide glorious, illustrious, renowned


skrnaviti : to profane slavina : f., tap
skrob m., starch : slaviti : to celebrate, glorify, praise
skrobiti to starch : slavi6 m., slavja,
: f., slavuj, m.,
skrobut m., clematis :
nightingale
Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James i. as s in measure
:
j as y in you ; ; ;

Ij asin million
li nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church
;
u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as ts in cats as ah in shout. ; ;


sla] 75 [slo

slavoluk m., triumphal arch :


slepaCki :
adj. and adv., blindly.
slavoljuban, -bna, -bno, slavolju- blind
biv adj., ambitious
:
slepeti (-pirn) : to become blind
slavoljubivost f., slavoljublje, n., :
slepilo : n., slepota, f., slepost, f.,
ambition slepo6a, f., blindness
slagati (slaiem) to compose, put :
slepiti to blind :

together slepiea f., blind woman :

elagati (slaZem) to lie, deceive : sliv


: m., basin (of a river)
slagac m., compositor (print-
: sliva : f., plum, prune
ing) slivati se : to flow into
slad m., malt
: slika f., portrait, picture, photo-
:

sladak, -dka, -dko adj., sweet :


graph
sladiti to sweeten :
slikanje : n., painting, photography
sladoled m., ice (cream) : slikati : to paint, draw, photograph
sladost f., sweetness : slina : f., snot, phlegm, saliva
slama f., straw : slinav, -a, -o : adj., snotty
slamen, slaman, -mna, -mno adj., : aliniti to dribble, weep
:

straw slican, -5na, -cno : adj., alike,


alamka, slacica f., tube, pipe : similar
slamnica, slamnjaSa : f., straw- slifinost : f., similarity, resem-
mattress, palliasse blance
slan, -a, -o adj., salted : sloboda f., freedom, liberty :

slana f., white-frost, hoar-frost


: Slobodan, -dna, -dno adj., free, :

slanik m., slanica, f., salt-cellar,


:
exempt, permitted, allowed,
salting-tub liberal
slanina f., bacon : sloboditi to encourage :

slankamen m., rock-salt : slobodica f., freedom, liberty :

slap in., water-fall


: slobodno adv., freely, come in : !

slast f., sweetness, delight


: slobodournnost f., slobodoumlje, :

slati (saljem) to send, send off :


n., liberalism
slati po to send for : slovar, slovnik m., dictionary :

slatina f., salt-spring : slovo : n., letter, character ; veliko


slatkis : m., dessert, tit-bits slovo, capital letter ; malo slovo,
slatko n., jam, preserves
: small letter
slacica : f., mustard slog m., syllable
:

slegati (sleiem) ramenima, to slmig sloga f., unity, accord


:

one's shoulders slozan, -zna, -zno adj., united :

sled m., track


:
slozen, -a, -o adj., complicated, :

slediti to follow, imitate, to result


:
complex
filediti se to freeze : sloziti : to unite, put together,
sledovati to follow, to result :
arrange
sledstven adj., consequent, result- sloziti se to agree with, to unite
: :

ing with
ledstveno adv., consequently sloi.no adv., unitedly
: :

eledstvenost f., consequence, re- sloinost : f., v., sloga :

suit slom m., break, breakage :

slepi mi, slomiti : to break, smash


j

lep, -a, -o adj., blind : ;


!

m., bat slepo oko, n., temple slon m., elephant


; :

slepac (-pea) m., blind man slonova kost f., ivory : :

Pronounce dj, d2, as j in James ; 4 as in measure j as y in you ;


: ;

Ij as li in million nj as in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u a-s oc ; m ;

in room h as ch in loch c as ts in cate


;
as sh in shout. ; :
Bio] 76

slota : f., sleet smernost f., humility, modesty :

sluga : m., servant, lackey smesta adv., immediately, on th


:

sluzavka f., servant-girl, maid :


spot
eluzavnik m., tray, waiter : smesti (smetem) to hinder, em- :

sluzba f., service, employment


: barrass
sluzben, -a, -o adj., official : smetati (smetam) to hinder, stop, :

eluzben, -ik m., -ica, f., servant :


prevent
sluzbenost f., obligingness :
smeten, -a, -o adj., confused, lost. :

sluzitelj m., servant :


strayed, muddled
eluZiti to serve, to v.-ork for, to be
: ameti (smem): to dare, to be
useful for sluzbu, to cele- ; allowed, to have permission
brate mass (right) ne smeti, not to bo ;

sluziti se to help oneself : allowed, not to dare


sluz : f., mucus, white of egg smetnja : f., obstacle, hindrance,
sluzokoiica :
f., mucous membrane difficulty, trouble
lutiti : to foresee, have a presenti- smeh : m., laugh, laughter ; urn-
ment od smeha, to die of laughter
reti
elutnja :
f., presentiment smean, -na, -sno adj. .mixed :

eluh m., hearing


: smeSan, -sna, -sno adj., laughable, :

sluSaj m., chance, event


: ridiculous, amusing
sluSajni, -na, -no adj., accidental, smesati to mix : :

casual, occasional emesenje : n., smile


Bludajno adv., accidentally, by smesiti se to smile
: :

chance, by accident smeSljiv adj., laughing, jolly :

elufiajnost f., event, chance smilovati (-lujem): to be sorry for


:

slu6iti se to happen smiren, -a, -o adj., modest, humble


: :

slusatelj m., hearer, listener : smirnost f., modesty :

sluiati to listen, hear, obey


: smiriti to calm, soothe, pacify :

sluice (-Seta) n., boy-servant, smirna : f., myrrh :

page-boy smisao (sinisla) signification, sense, :

emak (m.) sveta end of the world :


thought
ematrati to estimate, notice, ob-
:
smisliti.smisljati to imagine, invent :

serve smisljaj m., invention, discovery


:

emac : m., appetite smok m., anything eaten with


:

smej v., smeh, m., laugh


: bread, butter, cheese, etc.
smejanje n., laughter, laugh smokva f., fig
: :

Bmejati se (-Jem se) to laugh; smola f., pitch, resin : :

glasno. to roar with laughter smolav, -a, -o, smolast ; :


adj., pitch,
u brk kome, to laugh in any resinous
one's face u sebi, to oneself, ; smotka : f., cigarette
in one's sleeve smotra f., review :

emelost f., boldness, audacity : smotrenost f., prudence, caution :

smena f., change (the guard)


: smrad : m., bad smell, stink
emenjivati to change (relieve) the : smradan, -dna, -dno adj., stinking :

guard smrdeti (-dim) to stink, smell :

emeo, smela, smelo :


adj., bold, nasty
audacious smrde6, smrdljiv adj., stinking :

erneran. -rna, rno :


adj., modest, smrdljivac m., smrdljivica, f., a :

humble stinking person


Pronounce :
dj, di, as in James i as s in measure
; j as y in you ; ;

m
_;'

Ij as U in million ; nj as in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church


; u as oo ;

in room ;
h as ch in loch ; c as ta in cats ; & as sh in shout.
smr] 77 [spo

smreka : f., juniper spavanje : n., sleep, repose


smrz, -avati se, -nuti se (-nem se) :
spavati to sleep :

to freeze spava, -6i, -ca, -ce adj., sleeping :

smrt : f., death spavada kola f., sleeping-car :

smrtan, -tna, -tno :


adj., mortal spavad m., spavaciea, f., sleeper
:

smuk m., serpent :


spaljivanje n., combustion; :

smuta : f., snow weather, snow- (mrtvaca), cremation


storm spanac m., spinach :

smntnja trouble : f., sparivanje n., match, pair, couple :

snaga strength, vigour, waist


: f., sparivati, spariti: to match, ooii^e,
Bnazan, ina, -zno adj., strong, :
pair
vigorous spas m., salvation, eternal happi-
:

snaziti to strengthen, fortify


: ness
snaha : f., daughter-in-law, sister- i

spasavanje, spasenje n., salvation, :

in-law (brother's wife) rescue


sneg m., snow : i
spasavati : to save, rescue, deliver
enegovit, -a, -o adj., snow-clad :
spasavati se to escape :

sneian, -ina, -ino adj., snowy :


spasitelj : m., the Saviour
sneienje n., snow-fall :
Spasovdan m.,Spasovo, n., Ascen- :

snez iti to snow : sion Day


sneinik, sneznjak : m., snow- spasonosan, -ana, -sno :
adj., salu-
mountain tary
snizak, -zka, -zko adj., low :
spasti (spadnem) to fall, decline :

snova adv., afresh, again i


spasti (spasem) save, deliver :

snova f., snutak, m., chain


:
spati (spim) to sleep :

snop m., sheaf, bundle


:
speno : adv., quickly
BO (soli) f., salt morska, kamena. :
; spisak m., list, catalogue, table,
:

kuhinska sea, rock, kitchen ; register, inventory


soba : f., room spisatelj : m., author
sobar m., valet :
spisati (spiSem) : to compose, write
sobarica f., chamber-maid :
spica : f., spoke
sova : ., owl splav : m., raft
sovra : f., dinner-table spletka f., intrigue :

soda : f., soda spletkar, spletkas m., spletkaMea, :

sojka : f., jay f.,intriguer, schemer


sok m., juice, syrup
:
spletkariti : to intrigue, scheme
sokak m., street :
spol : m., sex
soko (sokola) m., falcon :
spolni : adj., sexual
solar : m., salt merchant spol a : adv., outside
j

soldat m., soldier :


spoljas, -nji, -nja, -nje external :

soliti : to salt spoljaSnjost f., exterior :

soljana :
f., salt making spomen remembrance, memory
:

somun : m., loaf spomenik m., monument :

sorta f., sort, kind


:
spomenica f., memoir, album :

* >tona f., Satan, devil :


spomenuti (-nem) to mention :

sofa f., sofa


:
spor : m., law-suit
sofra : f., dinner-table spor, -a, -o :
adj., slow
Bocan, -Sna, -6no adj., juicy :
sporazum m., : understanding,
soiivo n., lentil :
arrangement
Pronounce :
j in James ; i as
dj, di. as in measure ; j as y in you ;
Ij as li in million nj as nt in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church
;
u as o* ;

in room , h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; 5 as sh in shout.


spo] 78 [srn

sporazumeti se to agree with srditi (-dim): to : make angry,


spored prep., by the side of, next
:
annoy, irritate
to srditi se : to get angry
sporedan, -dna, -dno :
adj., acces- srditost : f., anger
sory, secondary srdobolja : f., dysentery
sporo adv., slowly
:
srdjela : f., sardine
sposoban, -bna, -bno: adj., capable, srebriti : to silver
clever srebrn :
adj., silver
sposobnost : f., aptitude, capability, srebro, -a : n., silver
talent srebroljubac (-ljupca): m., miser
spraviti, spravljati : to prepare sred prep., in the middle of ; po
: ,

sprat m., floor (first floor, etc.)


:
through u sred, in the centre of ;

spraSiti :to dust sreda f., Wednesday, middle ;


:

sprva :
adv., firstly cista sreda, Ash-Wednesday
sprema : f., preparation sredina f., middle, centre, crumb
:

spreman, -inna, -mno :


adj., ready, (of bread), medium
prepared srediSte n., centre :

spremati, spremiti to prepare :


srediStnji, -ja, -je adj., central :

sprovod m., escort, convoy,


:
srednjak m., sredja, f., middle :

funeral procession finger


sprovoditi to accompany, escort :
srednji, -ja, -je :
adj., average,
sprud m., sand-bank
: mean, middle
spufcva f., sponge
: sredozemni adj., Mediterranean :

erazmera, srazmernost f., propor- : sredstvo n., means, resource :

tion sredstvom adv., by means of :

grazmeran, rna, -rno adj., pro- : srez m., district


:

portional sreski adj., district


:

gram : m. shame, disgrace, sreski nadelnik m., sub-prefect :

modesty ; biti sram, to be sresti (sretnem) to meet :

ashamed, to blush izgubiti sretan adj., v., sredan ; :

svaki srain, to lose all sense of sretanje n., meeting :

shame sretati : v., sresti


sraman, -mna, -mno shame- Sretenije n., Visitation :
adj., :

ful, disgraceful, shy, infamous sreda f., happiness, luck, good :

sraniez m., v.,:sram luck, good fortune


sramezljiv adj., shy, bashful : sre6an, -dna, -dno adj., happy, :

Bramezljivost f., chastity, modesty, successful, contented


:

purity sre6i (sreknem, sredem) to spell :

srarniti se : to be ashamed, blush sre6ka : f.,lottery ticket


not a
;
f., shame, infamy, dis- sredno : adv., luckily, happily, all
grace right
eramotan, -tna, -tno adj., shame- : srz : f., src, m., marrow
ful, disgraceful, infamous sricati (sriem) : to spell
srati (serem) to rear (to have a : srk m., sip
:

motion) srkati (srdem) : to sip


erdadan, -6na, -cno adj., hearty, : srna : f., roe, doe, roebuck
cordial, sincere, affectionate sriidak, srndad : m., roebuck
srdadnost f., cordiality, affection
: srnde : n., fawn
ardit, -a, -o :
adj., angry srnetina f., venison :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James ; z as s in measure ; j as y oin you ;


:

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room ; h as eh in loch c as ts in cuts ; 6 aa ah in shout. ;
sro] 79 [sto

srodan, -dna, -dno adj., related : starac (-rca) : m., old man, father-
srodnik m., srodnica, f., relation
: in-law (wife's father)
srodstvo n., srodnost, f., relation- : staresina m., chief, head, director
:

ship stariji adj., comp., older


:

srp m., sickle, reaping-hook


: starina f., antiquity, age
:

srpanj m., July : starinar m., antiquary :

sruSiti to destroy, demolish


: starinski adj., ancient, antique
:

srce n., heart; preko srca, un-


: starica f., old woman
:

willingly tvrda area, hard- ; starosedilac m., aborigine, native :

hearted starost f., age, old age


:

src :
in., oak stas m., stature, build, height
:

srfian, -6na, -6no :


adj., brave, stati (stanem) : to put, step on,
courageous stand
srSanost f., courage, bravery : stvar f., thing, object, business
:

stablo n., trunk, stalk


: stvaran, -rna, -rno : adj., real, true,
stabljika f., stalk : actual
staviti, stavljati to put, place :
stvarati, stvoriti to make, create :

stado n., flock (of sheep)


: stvarnost f., reality :

staza, stazica f., path : stvor m., stvorenje, n., being,


:

staja f., room, shed


: creature
stajati (-Jem) to stand, step on :
stvoritelj m., creator :

stajati (stojim) to stand :


steg m., banner, standard
:

staklar m., glazier :


stegnuti(stegnem) : squeeze, pinch,
staklara f., glasa-works : lace up
staklen, -a, -o adj., glass, glazed : steznik m., corset :

staklenica f., glass bottle, de- : stena f., stenjak, m., rock
:

canter stenica f., bug :

staklo n., glass :


stenj, stenjak : m., wick
Btaklo-rezac m., glass-cutter :
stepen m., step, degree
:

atalan, -Ina, -Ino adj., constant, :


stepenica f., staircase, stairs :

permanent, steady, continual stignuti to reach, arrive :

stalez m., class, order


: stid m., bashfulness, modesty,
:

etalnost f., permanency, con-


: shame
stancy stidan, -dna, -dno adj., bashful, :

Stan m., house, lodging, dwelling


: shameful
Btanica f., station : stideti se to be ashamed, blush :

Btanovati (stanujem) to live, stay, stidljiv adj., shy, bashful, :


|
:

dwell, remain ashamed


stanoviste n., standpoint :
stidljivost : f., shyness, shame
stanovnik m., inhabitant : 8ti6i (stignem) :to reach
stanovnistvo n., population : 8tih : m., verse
stanje n., state, condition, posi-
: sto : num. hundred ; oko sto, about
tion a hundred
Btap m., stick
: sto (stola) : table
star, -a, -o adj., old, aged, antique : stovariSte : n., warehouse, store
staratelj m., guardian :
stog m., haystack
:

starateljstvo n., guardianship, care : stozer m., pole :

starati se, stareti to grow old, to :


stojati (stojim) : to stand up, to
take care of, look after stand
Pronounce
:
dj, dz, as j in James ; z as s in measure ; j as y in you ;
Ij asin million ; nj as
li in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo m
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; as ah in shout.
sto] 80 [sud

stoka : f., herd strmen : m., strmenica, f., steep


stolar : m., carpenter slope
stolac : m., seat strog, -a, -o :
adj., strict, severe
stolede : n., century strogost f., severity :

stolica : f., chair, stool strop m., ceiling :

stomak m., stomach :


strpeti se (-pirn se) : to be patient
stopa foot: f., strpljiv, -a, -o : adj., patient
stopalo : n., sole of foot strpljivost f., patience :

stotinas m., captain :


strugar m., sawyer, turner :

sto<5ar m., cattle-breeder


:
strugati (struzem) to saw, plans :

Btocarstvo n., cattle breeding :


strugafi m., scraper :

stradalac (stradaoca) m., sufferer :


strugafia : f., plane
Btrada'ii to suffer : strugotina :
shavings
f.,
Btraza f., guard : st.ruznica : saw-mill
f.,
Btrazar m., sentry, guard :
struja : f., current (electric, sea)
strnzara f., sentry-box : struna : f., cord, horse-hair
smizariti: to patrol, guard strcalica, strcaljka f., syringe, :

stran, -a, -o adj., foreign :


pump
strana : f., side, page, face stub m., column, pillar
:

atranac (-nca) : m., foreigner stuba f., stube, f., pi., steps
:

etranka f., party (parliamentary)


: stud, studen f., cold :

strast f., passion, anger, rage


: studau, -dna, -dno, studen, -a, -o t
strastan: tna, -tno adj., passionate :
adj., cold
strah m., fear, terror
: studenac (-nca) m., well :

strahovati to fear, be afraid : studeni m., November :

strahovit adj., awful, horrible : studenica f., well-water, cold :

strahota f., terror : studeti (-di) to be cold (weather) :

strahotan, -tna, -tno adj., awful, :


stupa f., mortar :

horrible stupanj m., step :

stra^an, -3na, -5no :


adj., frightful, stupati to walk, step :

awful su prep., with, by


:

StraSan sud : m., the Last Judg- subota f., Saturday :

ment suv, -a, -o adj., dry :

straSljiv: adj., afraid, timid suvad m., shavings :

strasljivost : f ., fear, cowardice suvisak (-ska) : m., surplus


straSilo : n., scarecrow suvisan, -na, -Sno :
adj., super-
strasiti : to frighten, terrify fluous
sirela : f., arrow suvie adv., too much :

strelac : m., sharp-shooter, hunter suvisnost : f., superfluity


streliste : n., butts, shooting-gallery suvremen, -a, -o adj., contem- :

streljati: to shoot porary


stremen, strmen m., stirrup : sud m., court of justice, tribunal,
:

strike m., uncle


: vase, utensil, vessel
strina : f., aunt (wife of father's sudac, sudija : m., judge
brother) sudba, sudbina : f., destiny, fat*
etric m., uncle (father's brother)
:
sudijski, sudski : adj., judicial
stri6ak m., thistle : sudionica f., court :

Btrm, strmen, -it : adj., steep, suditi to judge :

abrupt sudnica f., court of law, tribunal :

Pronounce :
dj, di, as^' in James ; z as a in measure j as y in you ; ;

Ij asin million
li nj as ni in opin\ on ; : 6, 6, as ch in church u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch c as fc in cats ; ; 6 as sh in shout.


sud] 81 [taj

sudjen, -a, -o :
adj., fatal suuc'ev, -a, -o :
adj., solar
suza f., tear
: shed ; suze roniti, to suparnik m., adversary :

tears okupan u suzama, bathed


; supotpis m., subscription :

in tears sa suznim o6ima, with ; suprotnost f., opposition :

tears in the eyes suprug m., husband :

suziti to shed tears


:
supruga wife : f.,
sujeverje n., superstition surudzija m., postillion
: :

sujeveran, -rna, -rno adj., super- sused m., suseda, f., neighbour : :

stitious susedan, -dna, -dno : adj., neigh-


sujeta, sujetnost f., vanity bouring :

sujetan, -tna, -tno adj., vain susedstvo n., neighbourhood : :

suknar m., draper : susetka f., neighbour :

suknen, -a, -o adj., material, cloth susnezica f., sleet : :

sukno n., stuff, cloth, material


: suteska f., defile, narrow pass :

suknja f., skirt, petticoat:


Isutlija: f., sutlija*, m., rice and
sukrivac (-vca) m., accomplice milk :

sultan : m., sultan sutra adv., to-morrow ; rano :

sultana, sultanija f., sultana to-morrow morning ; u vete,


:

sulundar m., stove-pipe : to-morrow evening


suma f., sum, total
: sutradan adv., the next day !
:

sumnja f., doubt, suspicion :


sutrasnji, -a, -e adj., of to-morrow :

sumnjati to suspect, doubt : sutuk in., antidote :

Bumnjiv, -a, -o adj., suspicious, suh, -a, -o adj., dry, thin :suho : ;

doubtful zlato, pure gold ; suha bolest,


sumnjivost f., doubt, indecision phthisis, :
consumption ; suho
umoran, -rna, -rno adj., sombre, vode, dried fruit :

dark suhonjav, -a, -o adj., dry, thin :

sumpor in., sulphur :


suhota, suhoda f., dryness, drought :

sumrak m., gloaming, twilight : sudzuk m., jelly :

sunet : m., circumcision susa f., dryness, drought :

sunetiti to circumcise : susan, -dna, -sno adj., dry :

sundjer m., sponge : susiti to dry, smoke (meat, etc.) :

sunce n., sun : susiea : f., phthisis, consumption


sunco, -gled, -kret m., sun-flower suSti, -a, -o adj., true, real, the : :

sundanik : m., sundial same


sunSanica f., sunstroke suStina f., existence, reality
: :

T, T
ta :
couj., then tad, -a, -ar : adv., then
ta :
pi., te, pron., this, these tazbina : f., step-parents, step-
tabak : m., sheet of paper father's house
tabakera f., snuff-box : taze : adv., fresh
taban m., sole of the foot
: tain : m., ration of bread
tabla f., blackboard
:
taj, ta, to: pi., ti, te, ta, pron.,
tablica : f., tablet, slate this, these
tabor m., camp
:
tajan, -jna, -jno :
adj., secret
tavan m., ceiling, loft, attic
: clandestine
tavan, -vna, -vno adj., dark :
tajanstvo n., secret, mystery :

tavnik m., mine :


tajanstven : adj., mysterious
Pronounce dj, d4, as j in James ; z as a in measure ; j as
:
y in you ;

Ij asin million
li nj as in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; m ; u as oo
in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; s as ah in shout.
Q
82 ftck

tajanstvenost : f., mystery tantuz m., counter (playing) :

tajko rn., papa : tancati to dance I


:

tajna, tajnost f., secret, mystery tanj ir : m., plate


: !

tajni :
adj., v., taj an taonda :
adv., day after to-morrow
tajnik : m., secretary taostvo : n., hostage
taj no adv., secretly
:
tapetar : m., upholsterer
tak : m., billiard-cue tara f., tare :

tak, -av, -va, -vo pron., such, like taraba f., plank
:
j
:

takmac m., rival : tas : m., cup


takmica f.,takmi6enje,n., rivalry, tast
:
m., father-in-law (wife's
|
:

competition father)
takmiti se to rival tata
: m., tatica, f., papa :

tako : adv., so, if, then, thus tatarin m., messenger, courier :

takodje, takodjer conj., also taclija f., cuff


: :

taksa f., tax : taSan, -Sna, -6no adj., exact, :

talambas m., timbal, kettle-


:
punctual, precise, correct
drum tafino adv., exactly, punctually, :

tu las m., wave


: just so
talasati se to roll (of waves), be tafinost
: f., exactitude, precision, :

stormy punctuality
talac m., hostage
: ta6ka m., scarlet runner :

talir m., thaler, crown


: tasta f., mother-in-law (wife's :

talog m., :sediment mother)


talpa f., plank
:
tvoj, -ja, -je -ji, -je, -ja pron., thy ; :

taljige f., pi., cart


: tvor, tvorac (-rca) pole-cat :

tama f., obscurity, darkness


: tvorac (-rca) m., creature :

taman, -mna, -miio adj., dark, tvoriti to make, :create :

obscure tvornica f., manufactory :

taman adv., exactly, just


: tvornidar m., manufacturer :

tamaniti to lay waste, devastate tvrd, -a, -o adj., hard, mean


: :

tambura f., tambourine : tvrdina f., hardness :

tamburas : m., tambourine player tvrdinja f., fortress :

tamjan m., incense : tvrditi to affirm, maintain, fortify :

tamneti (-nim) to get dark tvrdica f., mean person


: :

tamnik m., tunnel :


tvrdoglav, -a, -o adj., obstinate :

tamnina f., tamnilo, n., darkness tvrdoglavost f., tvrdoglavstvo, n.,


: :

tamnica f., prison :


obstinacy
tamnic'ar m., gaoler : tvrdost, tvrdoda : f., hardness
tamno adv., obscurely, darkly
: tvrd Java f., fortress :

tamnovati to be in prison te:


conj., and :

tamo adv., there ; tamo amo, tebe, te, tebi pron., thee, to thee
: :

here and there teg m., weight :

tamosnji, -ja, -je : adj., of the tegoba f., burden, load :

country, local teia : f., gravitation, weight


tanak, -nka, -nko, tanan, -a, -o : teZak, teska, tesko adj., heavy, :

adj., thin, fine, slight, slender difficult


tanac m., dance : teiina f., weight :

tandrk : m., noise tezga f., desk :

tane (taneta) n., bullet tek m., stream


: :

Pronounce :
dj , di,, as in James ; 4 as s in measure
.;' j as ; y in you;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; S as sh in shout.
tek] 83 [top

tek, tekar :
adv., hardly tim : adv., thus, so much, so ; tim
tekuda voda : f., flowing (running) bolje, somuch the better ; tim
water vise, so much the more ; tim
telad : ., teoci, m., pi., calves gore, so much the worse ; tim
telac : m., tele, n. (teleta), calf manje, so much the less
teletina : f., veal tipsa :
f., alum
telo : n., body t Irani j a f., tyranny :

tepav, -a, -o: adj., stammering tiranin : m., tyrant


tepati to stammer, stutter
: tiranski : adj., tyrannical
ter conj., and
: tisa : m., yew-tree
terazije: ., pi., scales, weighing- tisak (-ska) : m., print, impression
machine tisar m., printer
:

terati : to lead, drive (an animal) tisarnica f., printing-press :

teret : m., load tiskati to print :

teretan, -tna, -tno : adj., laden, t isuca : f., thousand

heavy ; teretni voz, luggage- titrica : f., camomile


train titula : f., title
teretiti : to load, accuse tiftik : m., lint
termometar m., thermometer
: tih : adj., calm, peaceful, slow
tesan, -sna, -sno : adj., tight, tihost, tisina : f., calm, silence
narrow tica : f., bird
tesar : m., carpenter ticati (tidem) : to touch
tesla : f., hatchet ticati se (tidem se) : to concern,
tesnac : m., narrow passage, gorge, interest
defile tide : n., tidica, f., little bird
testamenat : m., will, testament tkalac, tkad m., : weaver
testera : f., saw tkati (tkdem) to : weave
testerati, -risati (-risem) : to saw to pron., that
:

testera : m., sawyer toboznji, -nja, -nje :


adj., sham,
testija : f., water- jug pretended, self-styled, fictitious,
testo : n., pudding, sweet humbug
tetak : m., uncle (aunt's husband) tobdiija m., gunner, :
artillery
tetka f., aunt: man
tetreb m., tetrebica, f., grouse
: tovar : m., burden, load, pack
tedi (fedem) to flow : tovariti : to load, burden
tef ter : m., account-book tovar konj m., pack-horse :

tedaj m., course, stream


: tovarni adj., of a burden :

tedan, -dna, -dno adj., liquid, fluent : tok m., course, current
:

tedid m., cousin (aunt's son)


: toliki, -ka, -ko pron., such :

tedno adv., fluently


: toliko adv., as much, as many
:

tednost f., liquid, fluency : tolkovati : v., tumaditi, to interpret


teko adv., hardly, with difficulty
: tolmad v., tumad, m., interpreter
:

teskoda f., difficulty : torn, po- adv., and then, after-


tiganj m., frying-pan
: wards
tiganjica f., omelet : tombola : f., loto (a game)
tigar m., tiger
: tonuti (-nem) to sink :

tikati se to say thee : and thou top m., cannon, gun


:

tikva : f., vegetable - marrow, j


topal, -pla, -plo : adj., warm, hot
pumpkin topiti se : to melt, gutter
1

'
Pronounce dj, di, as : in James i as a in measure ; j as y in you
;

Ij asin million
li nj as ; m
_;'

in opinion 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as 09
;

in room h as cA in loch ; ; c as to in cats s as ah in shout.


top] 84 [tro

toplik : m., toplica, f., hot baths trgoviSte : n., market, market-
toplina f., heat, warmth : town
topliti : to heat, warm trebati : to have need, need, must,
toplo adv., hot
: want ; trebam novaca, need
toplokrvan, -vna, -vno adj., hot- :
money ; treba da idem, I must
blooded go
toplota f., heat, warmth :
trebovanje n., requisition :

topola : f., poplar trebovati (-bujem) to want, nee/l :

tor : m., park, enclosure trezven, -a, -o adj., sober :

toranj, toronj in., tower : trezvenost f., sobriety :

torba f., bag, valise, haversack


: trenutak (-tka), trenut m., mo- :

torbiSar, tor bar : m., pedlar ment, second, instant


torbica f., small bag, saddle-bag
: trenutan, -tna, -tno adj., instan- :

tocilo n. t tocilj, m., grindstone


: taneous
tofiak : m., wheel, bicycle trepavica f., eyelash :

toSir : m., todilo, n., funnel tresak (-ska) m., thunder-clap :

toditi to pour : tresti (tresem) to shake :

trava : ., grass tre<5e adv., thirdly


:

travan, -vna, -vno adj. .grassy : tre6i, -6a, -de: adj., third
travanj m., April : tre6ina f., third :

travica, travka f., blade of grass :


tresnja f., cherry, shudder :

trag m., track, footstep, vestige


:
treSnjovina f., cherry- brandy :

tragati to seek, look for, track


: tresten pijan, -a, -o adj., dead- :

traiiti to seek, ask for, look for,


: drunk
want tre6e n., shavings :

trajan, -jna, -jno : adj., durable, trzavica : f., convulsion


lasting tri : num. three
trajanje n., duration : trideset num. thirty :

trajati (-Jem) to last : trinaest num. thirteen :

trajaSnost, trajnost : f., durability, trinaesti, -a, -e :


adj., the thir.
stability, solidarity teenth
trampiti to exchange, barter :
triput adv., thrice, three times
:

trata f., fisherman's net


: trista : num. three hundred
trbobolja f., stomach-ache : trk m., trka, f., race, gallop
:

trbuh m., abdomen, stomach,


: trkaliSte n., race-course :

belly trkati (trSem) to race :

trbuSat adj., big-bellied : trkafi m., race-horse


:

trg m., market-place


: trmka : f., beehive

trgovanje n., commerce, traffic : trn : m., thorn


trgovati (trgujem) to bargain, :
trnokop m., pickaxe
:

keep a shop, do business trnjina f., sloe :

trgovac (-vca) m., merchant, :


trobojan, -jna, -jno :
adj., tri-
dealer, shop-keeper coloured
trgovafiki adj., commercial, mer- trobojka f., the Serbian flag, red,
: :

cantile blue and white


trgovina f., business, commerce, trovanje n., poisoning
: :

business-house, shop trovati (trujem): to poison


trgovka, trgovkinja f., shop- trogodiSnji adj., triennial : :

keeper (woman) trogub, -a, -o adj., triple :

Pronounce dj, di, as j in James z as s in measure j as y in you


: ; ; ;

Ij as /' in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, as ch in church ;


u as GO , ;

in room ; h as ch in loch : c as ts in cats ; 6 as sh in shout.


tro] 85 [tuc'

trojak, -a, -o adj., of three sorts : truo, trula, trulo : adj., rotten,
trojan, -jna, -jno adj.. triple :
putrefied, bad, decayed
trojno pravilo n., rule of three :
trup m., trunk (of tree!
:

troje three
:
truskanje : n., jolt, bump
trojiti to triple :
trcanje : n., running, race
trojica f., three :
people, etc. ; trcati (-elm) : to run
Sveta Trojica, f.,Holy Trinity tu : adv., there, here
Trojice : f., pi., Pentecost, Whit- tuga :
f., grief, sorrow
sunday tugovati se : to be sad, lament
trojci(trojaka) m., pi., triplets : tuda : adv., by there
trokut. trougao m., triangle :
tudj., -a, -o :
adj., foreign, strange,
tromesefian, -na, -6no adj., : alien
quarterly tudj in, tudjinac m., foreigner, :

tronoiac m., tripod :


stranger, alien
trostran, -a, -o :
adj., trilateral tudjinka f., foreign woman :

troha f. crumb
: tudjiti se to avoid :

trosak (trnska) m., expense : tuzan, -2na, -zno adj., sad, miser* :

trosan, -s:a, -6no adj., fragile : able


trosarina f., town-dues tuzba : f., complaint, accusation
trosadiija : m., spend-thrift, |
tuzenik : m., accursed
squanderer : tuiiti (za kim) : to mourn
trositi to spend, disburse
: ! tuzlti (koga) : accuse
trpez> m., trpeljivost, f., patience tuziti se (-zim) : to complain of
trpeznjak m., table-cloth :
j
tuzemac : m., native, inhabitant
trpeza f., table : !
tuka.: f., tukac, m., turkey
trpezarija : f., dining-room j
tuluz*: m., tuluzina, f., maize straw
trpeljiv, trpljiv :
adj., patient, re- tumac m., interpreter
:

signed tumaditi : to interpret


trpeti (trpim) to suffer, tolerate : tumbak m., brass :

trpimost tolerance : f., tumbas m., pontoon :

trpni adj passive


: . ,
tuna adv., here, there
:

trs :m., trska, f., reed tunja : f., quince


trskavac (-vca) : m., bamboo tup, -a, -o :
adj., blunt, dull, stupid
truba : f., trumpet tupara : f., blunt axe (knife)
truba6 : m., trumpeter tupiti: to blunt, dull
trubiti : to play the trumpet tupoglav, -a, -o adj., stupid, dull :

trud m., trouble,


:
fatigue, diffi- turoban, -bna, -bno adj., melan- :

culty choly, sad


trud m., tinder
:
turpija : f., file
trudan, -dna, -dno :
adj., difficult, turpijati to file :

tiring tutkalo n., glue :

trudna : f., adj., pregnant tutkaliti : to glue


truditi : to trouble, pain tutor: m., tutorka, f., guardian
truditi se : to take trouble, try, tutorstvo n., guardianship :

endeavour tutun m., tobacco


:

trudnoca f., pregnancy : tu6i (tudem): to beat, hit


truliti : to rot, putrefy, go bad, (svinje, pigs), to stick (cattle),
spoil slaughter
trulost :
f., decay, rottenness tuci se to fight a duel:

Pronounce dj, dz, as j in James ; i as in measure


:
j as ; y in you :

Ij as li in million nj as nt in opinion ; 6, , as ch in church ; ; u as oo


in room h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; 6 as sh in shout.
;
tuc] I [ubo

tucati : to pound, crush up, pulver- tufia : f., hail


ize tufiak (-6ka) : m., pestle, mallet
tuce n., dozen: tus : m., douche
tu6 m., brass
:

C,
caba : f., moslom holy town, Mecca dilim : m., carpet
6alov : m., v., oaha cirilica : f., Cyrillic alphabet
caja : f., substitute ditap : m., koran
capiti : to snap difta :
m., shop-keeper
car : m., profit, gain dopav, -a, -o :
adj., lame
6ariti to profit by
: dorav, -a, -o adj., one-eyed :

6arlijati to blow softly, waft : dorbudiak, dorsokak: m., blind-


data, (Sato m., scribe, public writer alley :

debap m., meat cooked of skewer dosav, -a, -o adj., beardless


: :

debe n., blanket, horse-rug


: duba f., tuft, crest :

dezap m., nitric-acid : dud f., def, m., wish, whim, fancy :

dela f., bald head


: dumur m., charcoal :

delav, -a, -o : adj., bald dumurdiija f., charcoal-burner :

delaviti : to grow bald dup m., jar, pot


:

delav ost : f., baldness duprija : f., bridge


deli j a : f., cell durak, curan : m., dure, n.,
demane : f., pi., violin turkey
demer : m., money-belt dur6e n., short fur coat
:

der, dera : f., v., kdi, daughter durdija m., furrier :

deramida : f., tile dustek m., fetters, shackles :

deretati : to murmur, chatter dutanje n., silence :

derka : f., daughter dutati to be silent, quiet :

dercivo n., window-frame : dutke adv., in silence, silently


:

desa f., purse:


dutljiv, -a, -o :
adj., silent, quiet,
cesar m., emperor : taciturn
cesarica f., empress :
dut-jivost : f., taciturnity
6eten m., flax : dusati, dusiti : to slap, cuff
diler m., larder: cuska :
f., box on the ears, cuff,
dilibar m., amber :
slap

u, y.
u prep., in (loc. ), to (ace. ), on (gen.
: ubitacan, -Sna, -6no pernicious, ) :

uapsit i : to imprison, arrest injurious


ubav, -a, -o
adj., pretty ubiti (ubijem): to kill,
: massacre,
ubaciti to throw in :
slaughter
ubediti : to convince, persuade ubiti se to commit suicide :

ubedjenje n., persuasion, convic- ubica m., murderer, assassin


: :

tion ublizu adv., near :

ubijati to kill :
ubogi, -a, -o : adj., poor, needy,
ubilac (-lea): m., murderer, assassin destitute
ubistvo n., murder, assassination ubojac in., battle
: :

Pronounce :
dj, dz, as j in James i, as s in measure
; j as y in you ; ;

Ij as li in million ; nj as ni in opinion d, d, as ch in church


; u as oo ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; s as sk in shout.


ubo] 87 [udr

ubojit, -a, -o :
adj., warlike j ugovariti : to concert, devise, con-
ubostvo : n., poverty fer with
ubrzati to hurry :
ugovor m., convention, contract,
:

ubrisati (ubrisem) to wipe, blow : I

treaty, pact
one's nose ugovoriti to arrange, to agree, to :

ubrus, ubrusac m., towel : confer with


uvazavati to respect, esteem :
ugovorni adj., conditional :

uvaienje n., respect, esteem, con- :


ugodan, -dna, -dno adj., suit- :

sideration able, comfortable, convenient


uvek adv., always, constantly
:
ugodnost f., comfort, convenience
:

uvelicati to enlarge, increase :


'
ugor m., eel
:

uveravati to assure, declare :


ugostiti : to treat, regale
uverenje n., certificate, convic-
:
ugristi (ugrizem) to bite :

tion ugusiti to stifle, suffocate, strangle


:

uvesti (uvedem) to introduce : udavati se (udajem) : to marry (of


uvet m., condition, terms
: a girl)
uvece adv., in the evening
: udaviti to strangle, drown
:

uvideti uvidjati to recognize :


udavljenik m., udavljenica, : f.,
uvlaka : f., penholder drowned person
uvod : m., introduction, preface udaljenje 11., distance :

uvoditi to introduce, establish,


:
udalji, -vati, -ti : to remove, send
instal away
uvoz m., import
: udar, udarac (-rca) : m., blow, hit,
uvoziti to import : stroke
uvoznik m., importer : udarati to hit, blow, attack
:

uvostiti : to wax udariti to hit, kick, push, attack


:

uvreda f., insult, offence, outrage


: udati to give in marriage
:

uvrediti : to offend, wound, insult udvojiti to double :

uvredljiv, -a, -o adj., insulting, : udvorica f., flatterer, courtier:

offensive udelati to make, do :

uvrh prep., at the top of


: udeo, udelak m., part :

ugadjati: to please udeonidar m., shareholder :

ugalj :m., coal udeonifitvo : n., participation


ugao (ugla) m., corner, angle : udesiti : to adapt
ugasit, -a, -o adj., dark, brown, : udica : f., fish-hook
obscure udo :
n., member
ugasiti to quench, put out, ex-
:
udoban, -bna, -bno : adj., com-
tinguish, stanch ; vatrogasac, m., fortable, convenient, easy
fireman udobnost : f., comfort, convenience

uglast, -a, -o : adj., angular ease


ugladiti, uglacati : to polish udov : m., widower
ugled : m., bearing, air, distinction udov, -a, -o :
adj., widowed
ugledan, -dna, -dno : ad., distin- udovac (-vca) : m., udovica, f..

guished, imposing, esteemed widower, widow kraljica udo ;

ugledati to notice, remark, dis-


: vica, dowager, queen
tinguish udruzenje n., society, union, com :

uglomer : m., set-square pany


ugljar m., charcoal-burner
: to join with, go into udruiiti se :

ugljenik m., carbon :


partnership, associate
Pronounce dj, dz. as j in James 4 as :in measure j as y in yov ; .

Ij as li in million nj as nt in opinion 6, c, as ch in church


; u as oo ; ;

in room ; h as ch in loch ; c as h in cats s sh in shout. ; M


uza] 88 [ule

nzar m., rope-maker


: uzetost : f., paralysis
uas m., horror
: uzidati : to wall in
uznsan. -sna, -sno adj., horrible, : uzimalac : m., taker, lessee
awful, ghastly uzica :
f., string, cord
uiasnuti se to fear, be terrified :
uznemiren, -a, -o : adj., anxious*
uie (uzeta) n., cord, rope, cable : alarmed
uiezen, -a, -o adj., rancid, rank : uznemirenost : f., anxiety, alarm
uzeci (uze2em) to light, go rancid : uznemiriti : to alarm, disturb,
uzivanje: n., pleasure, delight trouble
uiivati to enjoy : uzrast m., growth, figure, stature
:

uz, uza prep, (ace.), at the side of,


.
|
uzrok m., cause, subject, reason
:

up ; uz bnicj up-hill ; uz vodu, |


uzrujan, -a, -o adj., noisy, excited :

up-stream ujak, uja : -m., uncle (mother's


uz m., strait
:
brother)
uzajaman, -mna, -mno adj., ujaloviti to castrate :

mutual, reciprocal ujed m., bite, sting


:

uzajamnost f., reciprocity, mutu- :


ujedati, ujesti (ujedem) to bite, :

ality sting
uzajmiti to borrow, lend :
ujediniti : to unite
uzak, uska, usko adj., narrow, :
ujedno adv., together :

tight ujko m., v., ujak


:

uzalud adv., in vain :


ujna f., aunt (wife of mother's
:

uzaludan, -dna, -dno adj., useless brother) :

uzan, -a, -o adj., narrow, tight ujutru adv., in the morning


: :

uzbrdice adv., going up, ascending


: ukaz m., decree, order :

uzbudjenost: f., emotion ukidati, ukinuti to abolish :

uzbuna f., alarm, revolt : ukleti to curse :

uzburkan, -a, -o adj., stormy ukop m., funeral,


: burial :

uzvik m., interjection, shout


:
ukopati to bury :

uzviknuti (-nem) to shout out ukosak m., ukosnica, f., hairpin


: :

uzvisen, -a, -o adj., high, elevated ukraj prep. next to : : ,

uzvisenost f., excellency, eleva- ukras : m., decoration, adornment


:

tion ukrsiti to decorate :

uzglavak m., uzglavlje, n., uzgla- ukrasti (ukradem) to steal, rob


: :

vnica, f., cushion, pillow ukratiti : to shorten, diminish


uzda : f., bridle ukrepiti : to fortify
uzdati to bridle : ukrotiti : to tame
uzdah, uzdisaj : m., sigh ukrstiti : to cross
uzdahnuti (-nem), uzdisati to sigh ukrcati to embark : :

uzdica f., bridle, reins


: ukus : m., taste, flavour
uzdriljiv, -a, -o : adj., sober, tem- ukusan, -sna, -sno : adj testy, . ,

perate delicious
uzdui, -a, -o adj., longwise ukusnost : : f., nice flavour, taste
uzduzan. -zna, -ino adj., longi- ul : m., beehive :
]

tudinal ulazak (ulaska) : m., entrance, way


uzendjija: f., stirrup in
uzet, -a, -o adj., paralyzed ul.i/.iti
: to enter :

uzeti (uzmem) to take, seize, take ulaznica f., entrance ticket


: :

away, remove, hire ulepsati to embellish :

Pronounce :
j in James ; I as a in measure ; j as y in you
dj, dz, as ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo


;

in rooms ;
h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cits ; s as sh in shout.
ule] 89 [upo

uledi (ulegnem) to enter : umoran, -ma, -rno adj., tired,


ulivati se to flow into :
fatigued, weary
ulica f., street; na ulici, in
: the umofiiti to dip :

street |
umrtviti : to kill
ulifiica lane :
f., unazad adv., backwards
:

ulog m., stake (in games), deposit


:
j
unapred adv., forwards :

uloga f., part, character, role


:
unaprediti to promote, advance :

ulogoriti to camp, bivouac :


unapredjenje : n., promotion, ad-
ulufiiti (priliku) to seize the oppor- : vancement
tunity unatoc : adv., contrarily '

ulje : n., oil unistiti : to abolish, annihilate,


uljika : f., olive-tree destroy
uljiti : to oil unkas m., pommel
:

urn : m., mind, reason, intellect, unuk m., grandson


:

intelligence ; pasti na , to unuka : f., granddaughter


think of unutarnji, -nja, -nje adj., interior, :

umazati (umazem) : to grease, tar internal


urnaka f., sauce : unutra adv., inside
:

umaliti : to lessen, diminish unutrasnji, -nja, -nje: adj., in-


uman, umna, umno :
adj., clever, terior, internal
reasonable, sensible unutrasnjost f., interior, inside :

umah adv., suddenly


: unutSad n., grandchildren
:

umeren, -a, -o :
adj., moderate, unu6e (unufieta) n., grandchild :

mediocre
sober., uobidajiti to accustom :

umerenost f., temperance, moder : uobrazen, -a, -o adj., imaginary :

ation uodl adv., on the eve


:

umeriti : to regulate, restrain, upad m., irruption, invasion


:

moderate i
upadati v., upasti :

u-mesto adv., instead of :


I upaljaca f., wick :

umestiti to place :
upaljen, -a, -o adj., alight :

umetak (-tka) m., parenthesis :


upaljiv, -a, -o adj., inflammable :

umeti to know, be able (can)


:
upamtiti to remember :

umetnik m., artist :


uparaditi to arrange :

umetnost f., art :


upasti (upadnem): to invade, in-
umesati to mix :
terrupt, fall upon
umivaonik m., -nica, f., wash- :
upis m., registration
:

hand basin upisati (upiem) to register :

umivati to wash :
upisnik : m., subscriber
umilnost f., sweetness, charm :
upliv : m., influence
umirati (-rem), umreti (-rem) : to upoznati to make the acquaint:

die ance of
umiriti to calm, pacify : u pola adv., half
:

umiti (-Jem) to wash :


uporan, -rna, -rno adj., obstinate :

umiti (umim) to reflect, think over :


uporediti to compare :

umni, -na, -no adj., intellectual, :


upornost f.,uporstvo, n., obstinacy
:

clever upotreba f., use :

umnozsrvati : to multiply, increase upotreban, -bna, -bno adj., upo- :

umokac m., sauce :


trebiv, upotrebljiv, adj., useful,
umor m., fatigue, weariness
: serviceable
Pronounce :
j in James ; 2 as s in measure ; j as
dj, di, as y in you ;

Ij as li in million nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church


; ; u as oo
in rocx\ ; h as ch in loch ; c as ta in cats ; $ as ah in shout.
upr] 90 [utv

uprav adv., exactly, precisely


:
uslovan, -vna, -vno adj., condi- :

uprava f., administration, man-


: tional
agement usluga f., obligation, service :

upravan, -vna, -vno: adj., ad- usluzan, -2na, -2no adj., obliging :

ministrative usluznost: f., obligingness, kind-


upravitelj m., manager, adminis- : ness
tration usna : f., lip
upravitelj ka : f., manageress usniti : to dream
upravitelj stvo n., administration :
uspavati to fall asleep :

upraviti, upravljati to adminis- :


uspevati, uspeti (usperh) : to suc-
trate, manage, to conduct ceed
upravnik, upravlja6 : m., v., uspeh m., success :

upravitelj uspesan, -sna, -sno adj., successful :

upravo adv., exactly :


uspo koj iti to calm :

uprepascenost f., consternation :


uspomena f., souvenir, remem- :

upropastiti to ruin : brance


uprostiti to simplify :
usprerniti to arrange, prepare :

uproscenje n., simplification :


usput adv., in passing
:

uputnica: f., post-office order, usrdan, -dna, -diio adj., agreeable :

money-order usred prep, (gen.), in the middle


:

ura f., hour


: of ;usred lota, zime, in mid-
uravnati, uravniti to level summer, in mid-winter :

uredan, -dna, -dno adj., orderly, usta f., mouth : :

regular ustav m., constitution :

uredba f., rule, regulation :


ustavan, -vna, -vno adj., consti- :

urediti, uredjivati to arrange, put tutional :

in order ustajati (ustajem): to get up


urednik m., editor, manager :
ustanak(-nka) m., rebellion, rising, :

urednistvo n., editing revolt :

uredjenje n., organization ustanova f., institution


: :

ures m., ornament


: ustanoviti to establish, institute :

urma f., date : ustati se (ustanem) to rise, revolt :

usaditi to plant : ustaS m., rebel, insurgent :

usamiti to isolate : us men adj., oral :

usamljenost f., solitude, isolation ustrojiti to organize, establish


: :

usev m., seed for sowing


:
ustrojstvo n., organization :

usidriti to anchor : ustuk : m., antidote


usiniti to adopt :
ustup, ustupak m., cession, resig- :

Uskrs m., Uskrsenje, n., Easter


: nation
uskrsnuti (-nem) to resuscitate ustup, -ati, -iti to resign, retire, : :

uskrsnuce n., resurrection abandon:

uskrsavati to resuscitate usud : m., destiny, fate


:

uskrsnji, -nja, -nje adj., Easter, utaboriti to camp : :

paschal utakmica f., competition, rivalry


usladiti to sweeten : utakmice adv., one against the
usled adv., in consequence, con-
: other
sequently utvara : f., phantom
uslisati, uslisiti : to grant utvrditi : to fix, fortify
uslov : m., condition utvrdjenje : n., fortification, fort

Pronounce dj d. as j in James 2 as s in measure j as y in you ;


: , ; ;

Ij as in million
li nj as ni in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo ;

in room h as ch in loch c as to in
; cats ; s as s/i in shout. ;
ute] [ust

uteha : consolation, hope


f., ucenost : f., erudition, knowledge
utecaj : m., influence ufienje : n., study, teaching, learn-
utesitelj : m., consoler ing, practice
utesiti : to console u6estvovati : to participate, take
utija : f., iron (for linen) part in
utina : f., owl udestvovanje n., participation, :

utirati to wipe, to clean


: condolence
utirac m., duster : uSesnik m., participant
:

utisak : m., impression, imprint u6es6e n., participation,


: condo-
uticaj m., v., utecaj, influence
: lence, regrets
uticati : to flow into, influence udetvoriti : to quadruple
utok m., mouth (of rivers, etc.),
: ucilite n., school, college
:

mouthpiece u6in m., fact


:

utoka f., tributary (stream)


: ucinak (-nka) m., result, effect :

utonuti (-nem) to sink, founder : uciniti to make, do, render, con-


:

utopiti se to drown : clude


utopljenik m., drowned man : ufiionica : f., school-room, class-
utorak, utornik m., Tuesday : room
utocica : f., v., utoka ucitelj m., school-master, teacher
:

utociste n., asylum, refuge, : re- uciteljica : f., school -mistress


treat, shelter licit el jka f., wife of school -master,
:

utrvenik m., main-road : school-mistress


utrkivanje n., utrka, f., race, : uciti to teach, learn, instruct,
:

horse race study ; u6iti na pamet, to learn


utrkivati to race, run :
by heart ; uditiiz knjiga, to learn
utroba f., entrails,:intestine, with books uciti rado, to like ;

womb one's work


utrobica : f., liver uSmati se to fade, wither :

utrojiti : to triple uc'tiv, -a, -o adj., polite, amiable,


:

utrti (utrem) : to rub, wipe civil


utuk : m., antidote uCtivost : f., politeness, courtesy,
udi (udjem) to enter, go in :
civility
ufati se to hope : us m., louse
:

uh ! :
interj., oh ! usanditi to intrench, fortify
:

uhvatiti to take, seize : uai (usiju) f., pi., ears :

uho n., ear


:
usiljiti to sharpen
:

uhobolja : f., earache uskopiti to castrate :

uhod m., entrance :


uskopljenik m., eunuch :

uhoda f., spy, police-spy :


usljiv, -a, -o adj., lousy :

uhoditi to spy, enter :


usnjak : m., little finger
uhraniti to fatten :
usobolja : f., earache
ucena : f., ransom uStaviti : to tan
uceniti, ucenjivati: to ransom u.stap : m., full moon
u6a m., village schoolmaster
: usteda: f., saving, economy, sav-
u6evan, -vna, -vno u<5en, -a, -o : ; ings
adj., learned ustedeti, ustedjivati to save, :

u6enik m., pupil, scholar, school-


: economize
boy, student, disciple ustinuti (-nem) to pinch :

nfenica f., school -girl : ustirkati to starch :

Pronounce in James ; i as s in measure ; j as


:
dj, d, as.;' y In you
Ij as II in million : nj as tii in opinion ; 6, 6, as ch in church ; u as oo
in room h as ch in loch ; c as ts in cats ; S as ah in shout.
;
u$t] 92 [hal

uStrojiti : to castrate ulunjati se to insinuate oneself, :

uede : n., mouth ingratiate oneself

F, O.
fabrika f., manufactory : filareta : f., rail, baluster, banister
fabrikanat m., mamifacturer fildis
:
m., ivory :

fabrikovati to manufacture, make filosofija f., philosophy


: :

fazan m., pheasant : fildan m., coffee-cup, cup :

faklja f., torch : fin, -a, -o : adj., fine, delicious,


faktor m., overseer :
splendid
fakultet m., faculty
:
finansije f.. pi., finances :

fala v., hvala, thanks


: finoca f., fineness :

faliti to fail, miss, to be wanting, firma f., firm, sign-board (of a


: :

to be deficient shop)
falican, -cna, -6no : adj., defective, fiskati : to crack a whip
missing fitilj m., wick :

falsifikovati to falsify, forge, fisek m., cartridge


: :

adulterate fiseklija f., cartridge-case, box :

falsifikator m., forger, adulterator fistati


: to neigh :

familija f., family : flaner m., flannel :

familijaz in., beadle flaster


: m., plaster :

fara : f., stern, behind-part flauta f., flute :

farba f., paint, colour


: flota f., fleet, navy :

farbar m., painter, dyer : fond m., fund, capital :

farbati : to paint, dye forela f., trout :

fasina f., bundle, faggot


: Iforinta f., florin :

februar m., February : 'formula f., formula :

feder m., spring (watch, carriage, fosfor m., phosphorus


: :

etc.) fotografija f., photograph :

fela f., kind, sort, species


: frisak, -ska, -sko adj., fresh, re- :

fenjer : m., lantern cent, quick


f eredia : f., yashmak, Turkish friskp adv., quick :

woman's veil frtalj : m., quarter


fes : m., fez frula : f., flute
fizika : f., physic, medicine furuna (sobna, room), stove : f.

fijaker : m., cab, carriage furuna (pekarska, baker's) oven


: f.

fijoka : f., drawer furundzija m., baker :

fijukat i : to whistle futrola f., case, sheath :

H, X.
habati : wear out (clothes)
to hnjducki adj., of brigands :

haber : m., news hajdustvo n., brigandage :

hazna counting-house, treasury hajka f., round up


: f., :

hajde interj., get on


!
go on gee hak m., salary, pay, wages
: ! ! :

up run off ! hala f., filth, dragon ! :

hajduk m., brigand, highwayman halav, -a, -o adj., dirty, filthy


: :

hajdukovati se to become alhalaliti: to bless :

brigand, to rob, plunder halka f., iron ring, door-knocker i :

Pronounce j in James i as s in measure ; j as y in you ;