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LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA

FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL

UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F5 – 00

( OSBORNE REYNOLDS APPARATUS )

I. DATA ALAT
Diameter Pipa Pengamatan = 13 mm = 0.013 m
Luas Penampang = 0.000133 m2
Diameter Injektor = 0.7 mm = 0.0007 m
Data lain-lain dapat dilihat pada buku penuntun

II . DATA PENGAMATAN
Temperatur = 26 °C
1. Untuk Volume Tetap
Volume Waktu ( s )
No. Visual
( gram ) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5
1 6.03 6.08 6.41 6.66 6.47 Turbulen
2 7.05 7.12 7.00 7.25 7.19 Turbulen
3 8.56 8.66 8.91 8.88 8.25 Transisi
4 11.75 11.75 11.44 11.81 11.58 Turbulen
300
5 16.69 16.47 16.78 16.50 16.07 Laminer
6
7
8
2. Untuk Waktu Tetap
Waktu Volume ( gram )
No. Visual
(s) t1 t2 t3 t4 t5
1 435 435 449 430 435 Turbulen
2 335 325 345 345 335 Turbulen
3 235 234 235 230 280 Laminer
4 145 145 145 140 140 Laminer
13
5 55 60 65 60 60 Transisi
6
7
8

Group : VIII / 8 Makassar, 2013

No. Nama Stambuk
1 bambang saputra 031 2012 0001 Asisten
2 ince abd. Jalil 031 2012 0021 Laboratorium Hidrolika
3 ryan achmady 031 2012 0024
4 nur indah izza arifa 031 2012 0050
5 syam surya harun 031 2012 0085 ( MARWAN ZACHNIAR )
ANALISA PERHITUNGAN
1. Untuk Volume Tetap
Diketahui :
Diameter Pipa Pengamatan (d) = 13 mm = 0.013 m
Luas Penampang (A) = 0.000133 m2
Diameter Injektor ( dj ) = 0.7 mm = 0.0007 m
Volume (V) = 300 g = 0.0003 m3
Temperatur (T) = 26 °C

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata ( tr )

t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
6.03 + 6.08 + 6.41 + 6.66 + 6.47
=
5
= 6.330 s

V
Q=
tr
0.0003
=
6.330
= 0.0000474 m3/s

Q
v=
A
0.0000474
=
0.000133
= 0.3564 m/s

ρ.v.d
Re =
μ

T 25 = ρ = 997.1 kg/m3 μ= 0.000894 kg/m.s

T 26 = ρ = 996.82 kg/m3 μ= 0.000875 kg/m.s
T 30 = ρ = 995.7 kg/m3 μ= 0.000801 kg/m.s
996.82 x 0.3564 x 0.013
Re=
0.000875
= 5278.2473 > 2800 (TURBULEN)

5. Koefisien gesek ( ƒ )

0.316
ƒ=
Re0.25
0.316
ƒ=
5278.2473 0.25

= 0.0371

6. Menghitung Tegangan Geser ( Ʈ )

ƒ . ρ . v2
Ʈ=
8
0.0371 x 996.82 x 0.3564 2
=
8
= 0.5872 kg/m.s

7. Perhitungan Tabel
tr Q v ƒ Ʈ
No. Re Ket.
(s) ( m3/s ) ( m/s ) Laminer Turbulen ( kg/m.s )
1 6.330 0.0000474 0.3564 5278.2473 - 0.0371 0.5872 Turbulen
2 7.122 0.0000421 0.3165 4687.3324 - 0.0382 0.4768 Turbulen
3 8.652 0.0000347 0.2609 3863.9022 - - - Transisi
4 11.666 0.0000257 0.1932 2861.2721 0.0224 - 0.1040 Turbulen
5 16.502 0.0000182 0.1368 2025.9939 0.0316 - 0.0737 Laminer
6
7
8
2. Untuk Waktu Tetap
Diketahui :
Diameter Pipa Pengamatan (d) = 13 mm = 0.013 m
Luas Penampang (A) = 0.000133 m2
Diameter Injektor ( dj ) = 0.7 mm = 0.0007 m
Waktu (t ) = 13 s
Temperatur (T) = 26 °C

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata ( tr )

t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
435 + 435 + 449 + 430 + 435
=
5
= 436.800 gram = 0.0004368 m3

Vr
Q=
t
0.0004368
=
13
= 0.0000336 m3/s

Q
v=
A
0.0000336
=
0.000133
= 0.2526 m/s

ρ.v.d
Re =
μ

T 25 = ρ = 997.1 kg/m3 μ= 0.000894 kg/m.s

T 26 = ρ = 996.82 kg/m 3
μ= 199.140715 kg/m.s
T 30 = ρ = 995.7 kg/m3 μ= 995.700000 kg/m.s
996.82 x 0.2526 x 0.013
Re=
199.140715
= 0.0164 > 2800 (LAMINER)

5. Koefisien gesek ( ƒ )

0.316
ƒ=
Re0.25
0.316
ƒ=
0.0164 0.25

= 0.8830

6. Menghitung Tegangan Geser ( Ʈ )

ƒ . ρ . v2
Ʈ=
8
0.8830 x 996.82 x 0.2526 2
=
8
= 7.0203 kg/m.s

7. Perhitungan Tabel
Vr Q v ƒ Ʈ
No. Re Ket.
( m3 ) ( m3/s ) ( m/s ) Laminer Turbulen kg/m.s
1 0.0004368 0.0000336 0.2526 4251.1137 - 0.0391 0.3109 Turbulen
2 0.0003370 0.0000259 0.1947 3276.6897 - 0.0418 0.1974 Turbulen
3 0.0002428 0.0000187 0.1406 2366.2177 - 0.0453 0.1116 Laminer
4 0.0001430 0.0000110 0.0827 1391.7937 - 0.0517 0.0441 Laminer
5 0.0000600 0.0000046 0.0346 582.2982 - - - Transisi
6
7
8