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1 Fundamentals of Cutting

1. It is the process of removing unwanted materials in the form of chips from a block of metal
using a cutting tool. Metal Cutting
2. Term used to describe the breaking away of a small piece from the cutting edge of the tool.
3. It is a cutting in which the work piece is rotated on a cutting tool that removes a layer of
material as it moves to the left. Turning Operation
4. It occurs on the relief face of the tool and the side relief angle. Flank Wear
5. It consists of segments that maybe firmly or loosely attached to each other. Discontinuous

Multiple Choice
1. It breaks the produced chips into small pieces.
a) Chip breakers
b) Chip curl
c) Chip formation
d) Chipping
2. Which of the following is one of the main causes of chipping?
a) Fracture
b) Mechanical shock
c) Surface area
d) Shape and size
3. What do you call to the forces acting or being applied in cutting process?
a) Resultant force
b) Thrust force
c) Full force
d) All of the above
4. Which of the following is/are being investigated as possible substitute for lead?
a) Carbon and manganese
b) Aluminum
c) Bismuth and tin
d) Hydrogen
5. Which of the following is not the most common cutting process?
a) Turning operation
b) End-milling operation
c) Slab-milling operation
d) Tool wear

Tool life wear and failure.
1. Flank Wear
2. Crater Wear
3. Chipping

6.2 Cutting Tool Materials

__________1. Generally used for cutting steels, cast irons, and abrasive nonferrous materials,
and have largely replaced HSS tools because of their better performance. (Tungsten Carbide)

__________2. Consists of 70% aluminum oxide and 30% titanium carbide; others contain
molybdenum carbide, niobium carbide, and tantalum carbide. (Cermets)

__________3. Another term for cast-cobalt alloys. (Stellite)

__________4. Most commonly used ceramic coating. They have chemical inertness, low thermal
conductivity, resistance to high temperature, resistance to flank and crater wear. (Aluminum

__________5. It is being used widely as a coating, particularly on tungsten-carbide and silicon-

nitride inserts. (Polycrystalline Diamond)

1. Commonly known as Stellite tools, these alloys are cast and ground into relatively simple
tool shapes.
a. Cast-Cobalt Alloys
b. High-Speed Steels
c. Carbides
d. Carbon and Medium Alloy Steels

2. It is the hardest substance of all known material.

a. Cubic Boron Nitride
b. Alumina- Based Ceramics
c. Diamond
d. Carbides

3. These are the oldest tool materials and have been used since 1880. Its hardness rapidly
decreases as the temperature increases.
a. High-Speed Steels
b. Whisker-Reinforced Materials
c. Coated tools
d. Carbon Steels

4. What are the typical applications of multiple-coated tools?

a. High-speed, continuous cutting: TiC/Al2O3
b. Heavy-duty, continuous cutting: TiC/Al2O3/TiN
c. Light, interrupted cutting: TiC/TiC + TiN/TiN
d. All of the Above

5. Also known as Cemented or Sintered Carbides. Introduced in the 1930’s and have high
hardness over a wide range of temperatures, so can be used for higher cutting speeds, high
elastic modulus and thermal conductivity, and low thermal expansion.
a. Inserts
b. Coated tools
c. Aluminum Oxide
d. Carbides

Cutting-tool material Characteristics:
2. Toughness
3. Wear Resistance
4. Thermal Shock Resistance
5. Chemical Stability or Inertness

6.3 Machining Processes

1. A multi tooth tool that produces a number of chips in one revolution. (Milling Cutter)
2. These cutters are able to produce elaborate contours and are often used in the machining of
dies and molds. (Ball nose end mills)
3. These machines tools are versatile and capable of milling, drilling, boring and tapping with
repetitive accuracy. (Computer Numerical Control Machines)
4. This process is a combination of shaving and skiving. It is an advance in broaching
technology. (Turn Broaching)
5. Includes a number of highly versatile machining operations capable of producing a variety of
configurations with the use of milling cutter. (Milling)
1. It supports the saddle and gives the table vertical movement so that the depth of cut can be
a) Overarm
b) Head
c) Knee
d) Work table

2. It supports the table and can move in the transverse direction. (A)
a. Saddle
b. Work table
c. Head
d. Overarm
3. Which of the following machines have three axes of movement, which are usually imparted
manually or by power?
a) Profile Milling Machines
b) Plain Milling Machines
c) Bed-Type Machines
d) Rotary Table Machines
4. It is an important production process and can produce parts with very good surface finish and
dimensional accuracy.
a. Planing
b. Broaching
c. Milling
d. Shaping
5. It is a tool used on machines called gear shapers.
a) Rack-shaped straight cutter
b) Hob
c) Cutting Bevel Gears
d) Pinion-shaped Cutter
(1-3) Types of Saws
1. Hacksaws
2. Circular Saws
3. Band Saws

7.1 Fusion Welding Process

1. Is defined as melting together and coalescing materials by means of heat. (Fusion
2. Is a general term used to describe any welding process that uses a fuel gas combined
with oxygen to produce a flame. (Oxyfuel Gas Welding)
3. Are used to supply additional material to the weld zone during welding. (Filler
4. Utilize a high-power laser beam as the source of heat, to produce a fusion weld.
(Laser Beam Welding)
5. Gets its name from the compounds named thermite, a name based the therm, meaning
heat. (Thermit Welding)

Multiple Choice
1. Is one of the oldest, simplest and most versatile jointing process.
a. Shielded Metal Arc-Welding
b. Submerged Arc Welding
c. Gas Metal-Arc Welding
d. Flux-Cored Arc Welding
2. The weld arc is shielded by a granular flux, consisting of lime, silica, manganese
oxide, calcium fluoride, and other compounds.
a. Shielded Metal Arc-Welding
b. Submerged Arc Welding
c. Gas Metal-Arc Welding
d. Flux-Cored Arc Welding
3. The weld area is shielded by an effectively inert atmosphere of argon, helium, carbon
dioxide or various other gas mixture.
a. Shielded Metal Arc-Welding
b. Submerged Arc Welding
c. Gas Metal-Arc Welding
d. Flux-Cored Arc Welding
4. Is similar to gas metal-arc welding with the exception that the electrode is tubular in
shape and is filled with flux.
a. Shielded Metal Arc-Welding
b. Submerged Arc Welding
c. Gas Metal-Arc Welding
d. Flux-Cored Arc Welding
5. Is used primarily for welding the edges of sections vertically in one pass, with the
pieces placed edge to edge.
a. Electrogas Welding
b. Submerged Arc Welding
c. Gas Metal-Arc Welding
d. Flux-Cored Arc Welding

4 Hazard for Welding
1. Surroundings
2. Personal Danger
3. Noise and Shock
4. Fumes

7.3 The Metallurgy of Welding

1. A joint made with a filler metal that has a central zone and composed of a mixture of base and
filler metals. WELD METAL

2. Caused by inadequate or careless application of establish welding technologies or by

substandard operator training. WELDING DISCONTINUITIES

3. Capacity to be welded into a specific structure that has certain properties and characteristics
and will satisfactorily meet service requirements. WELDABILITY

4. Standardized commonly used in engineering drawings to describe the type of weld and its
characteristics. WELD SYMBOLS

5. It is a kind of welding discontinuity which is generally in the shape of spheres or of elongated

pockets. POROSITY

Multiple Choice
1. Zone of typical fusion-weld joint, found within the base metal itself and subjected to elevated
temperatures for a period of time during welding.

a) Base Metal

b) Heat Affected Zone

c) Weld Metal

d) Weld Zone

2. Compounds such as oxides, fluxes and electrodes coating materials that are trapped in the
weld zone

a) Slag Inclusions

b) Cracks

c) Weld Profile

d) Residual Stresses

3. The method used to reduced the problems caused by the distortion, buckling and

a) Peening

b) Hammering
c) Preheating

d) Welding

4. A kind of destructive technique wherein the specimens are subjected to tension and the
shear strength of weld metal and the location of fracture are determined.

a) Bend Test

b) Tension Test

c) Tension and Shear Test

d) Fracture Toughness Test

5. May develop because of shrinkage of the restrained components in the structure during

a) Lamellar Tears

b) Hot Cracks

c) Weld Profile

d) Porosity

ENUMERATE: Types of Cracks

1. Longitudinal

2. Transverse

3. Crater

4. Underbead

5. Toe cracks

7.4 Brazing, Soldering and Adhesive Bonding

1. Comes from the word brass, an archaic word meaning to harden. Brazing
2. A substance used for helping to melt or join metals. Fluxes
3. The filler metal, called the solder, melts at a relatively low temperature. Soldering
4. Comes from the Latin word solidare, meaning to make solid melt at a temperature that is the
eutectic point of the solder alloy. Solders
5. High resistant to moisture and solvents. Silicones

Multiple Choice
1. Suitable for applications with substrates that are not clean.
a) Acrylics
b) Urethanes
c) Cyanoacrylate
d) Silicones
2. Method of permanent or semi permanent mechanical joining.
a) Hole preparation
b) Mechanical fastening
c) Stapling
d) Riveting
3. Similar to friction welding, but the rotary molding of one component is in an orbital path.
a) Orbital welding
b) Friction welding
c) Ultrasonic welding
d) None of the above
4. Heat source is oxy fuel gas with a carburizing flame.
a) Furnace brazing
b) Torch brazing
c) Induction brazing
d) Resistance brazing
5. Very popular approach for attaching circuit components to their boards.
a) Wave soldering
b) Reflow soldering
c) Dip soldering
d) Iron soldering

Types of adhesives
1. Natural adhesives
2. Inorganic adhesives
3. Synthetic organic adhesives

Mendoza, Hannah C.

IE - 3201


1. It is a process where a material is removed from a surface of a workpiece by

producing chips.
A. Slab milling
B. Cutting
C. Operating
D. Removing
2. In this operation, the workpiece is rotated and a cutting tool removes a layer of
material as it moves to the left.
A. Turning
B. Cutting off
C. Slab milling
D. End milling
3. It is consist of segments that may be firmly or loosely attached to each other.
A. Machining
B. Continuous chips
C. Discontinuous chips
D. Cutting parameters

4. It is the most common process of cutting.

A. Cutting
B. Turning
C. Measuring
D. Producing
5. In this operation, a rotating cutter travels along a certain depth in the workpiece
and produces a cavity.
A. Slab milling
B. End milling
C. Drilling
D. Tool wear
6. Fundamentals of cutting:
- Turning
- Cutting off
- Slab milling
- End milling
7. Types of chips produced in metal cutting:
- Continuous chips
- Built-up edge chips
- Serrated or segmented chips
- Discontinuous chips

Del rio, Cherrie Leen J.

1. It is the oldest of tool materials and have been used widely for drills, taps, broaches
and reamers since the 1880s.
A. Carbon steels
B. High-speed steels
C. Coated tools
D. Cabides
1. These steels are named like so because they were developed to cut at higher
speeds. These are the most highly alloyed of the tool steels.
A. Carbon steels
B. High-speed steels
C. Coated tools
D. Diamond
2. These tools have good wear resistance and can maintain their hardness at
elevated temperatures. They are not as tough as high-speed steels and are
sensitive to impact forces.
A. High-speed steels
B. Carbons steels
C. Coated tools
D. Cast-cobalt alloys
3. These are individual cutting tools with several cutting points.
A. Inserts
B. Tungsten carbide
C. Titanium carbide
D. Coated tools
4. A composite material consisting of tungsten-carbide particles bonded together in
a cobalt matrix and manufactured with powder-metallurgy techniques.
A. Inserts
B. Tungsten carbide
C. Titanium carbide
D. Cast-cobalt alloys
5. General categories of tool materials (at least 5)
- Carbon and medium-alloy steels
- High-speed steels
- Cast-cobalt alloys
- Carbides
- Coated tools
- Alumina-based ceramics
- Cubic boron nitride
- Silicon-nitride-base ceramics
- Diamond
- Whisker-reinforced materials
Benamer, Maycel

1.They have very high abrasion resistance and hot hardness.

A. Ceramics

B. Alumina Based Ceramics

C. Cermets Ceramics

D. Diamond

2.The hardest substance material. It has low friction, high wear resistance, and the ability
to maintain a sharp cutting edge.

A. Cutting Tools

B. Cutting Fluids

C. siN

D. Diamond

3.Supplies fluid to inaccessible areas and provides better visibility of the workpiece being

A. Mist Cooling

B. Flood Cooling

C. High Pressure System

D. Water Jet Cutting

4.Four Types of Cutting Fluids

- Oil
- Emulsion
- Semisynthetics
- . Synthetics
5.Effects of Cutting Fluids

- Effects on Workpiece Materials

- Biological and Environmental Effects
- Effects on machine tools
- Clarification, Recycling and Disposal

Aguila, Delzeth Jane

1. Are hallow inside and are mounted on a shank, this allows the same shank to be
used for different-sized cutter. The use of shell mills is similar to that of end mills.

2. Two or more cutters are mounted on an arbor and are used to machine two
parallel surfaces on the workpiece.

3. A multitooth that produces a number of chips in one revolution; It is a solid

carbide, high speed steel or use adjustable inserts.
4. Also called down milling, cutting starts at the surface of the workpiece, where the
chip is at its thickest.

5. Also called up milling, the maximum chip thickness is at the end of the cut.

Dimaculangan, Michael Jomes L.

1. Capable of performing variety of cutting operations and most versatile and useful
machine tools.
a. Cutting Machines c. Broaching
b. Milling Machines d. Sawing
2. Used for heavy workpieces and are more efficient than planers and planers when
used for similar purposes.
a. Planer-Type Milling Machines
b. Computer Numerical Control Machines
c. Profile Milling Machines
d. Rotary-Table Machines
3. Used to machine parts and much like planning except that the parts are smaller.

a. Planing c. Shaping

b. Broaching d. Milling

4. A long multitooth cutting tool.

a. Broach c. Mill

b. Saw d. File
5. An effective bulk-removal process and can produce near-net shapes from raw

a. Milling c. Planing

b. Broaching d. Sawing

6. Basic Components of Milling Machine

- Worktable
- Saddle
- Knee
- Overarm
- Head
Valenzuela, Maria Fatima

1. Give three possible modes by which a cutting tool can fail in machining.

- fracture failure
- gradual wears
- temperature failure
2. Tool wear,it is the concave section ,by the action of the chip sliding against the
surface .

a.nose wear

b.crater wear

c.flank wear

d.chipping of cutting edge

3. It is also called the preferred mode because it leads to the longest possible use of the

a.nose wear

b.crater wear

c.flank wear

d. gradual wear

4. It is the failure when cutting temperature is too high.

a.fracture failure
b.gradual wears

c.temperature failure

5.Two technique for tool conditioning monitoring.

- direct technique
- indirect technique


3 types of flames

 Neutral Flame
 Oxidizing Flame
 Carburizing or Reducing Flame
Give atleast 5 (Arc Welding Process: Consumable-Electrode)


1. Welding process that uses fuel gas combined with oxygen to produce flame

A. Fusion welding

B. Plasma arc welding

C. Atomic hydrogen welding

D. Electroslag welding

2. This flame is harmful, especially for steels, because it oxides the steel.

A. Oxidizing flame

B. Reducing flame

C. Carburizing flame

D. Neutral flame

3. Electrodes are in the shape of thin , long stick, so the process is known as .

A. Shielded metal-arc welding

B. Plasma arc welding

C. Electroslag welding

D. Stick welding


1) The process which involves exothermic reactions between metal oxides and metallic reducing
a) Thermit Welding
b) Electron Beam Welding
c) Laser Beam Welding
d) Cutting
2) This process requires special equipment to focus the beam on the work piece in a vacuum.
a) Thermit Welding
b) Cutting
c) Laser Beam Welding
d) Electron Beam Welding
3) It utilizes a high-power laser beam as the source of heat, to produce a fusion weld.
a) Cutting
b) Thermit Welding
c) Laser Beam Welding
d) Electron Beam Welding
4) This process is similar to oxyfuel welding.
a) Oxyfuel Gas Cutting
b) Arc Cutting
c) Plasma Arc Cutting
d) Air-Carbon Arc Cutting
5) Arc-cutting process that produces the highest temperature.
a) Oxyfuel Gas Cutting
b) Arc Cutting
c) Plasma Arc Cutting
d) Air-Carbon Arc Cutting

1. Utiliez this latter technique, in which the power is discharge within 1 to 10 milliseconds to
develop localized high heat at the joint.

a. Flash Welding c. Percussion Welding

b. Stud Welding d. Friction Welding

2. The Pressure is applied to workpieces through dies or rolls.

a. Ultrasonic Welding c. Friction Welding

b. Cold Welding d. Inertia Friction Welding

3. This is the faying surfaces of the two components are subjected to a static normal force and
oscillating shearing stresses.

a. Linear Friction Welding c. Friction Stir Welding

b. Ultrasonic Welding d. Resistance Welding

4. The Modification of friction welding, although the terms has been used interchangeably with
friction welding.

a. Inertia Friction Welding c. Resistance Welding

b. Linear Friction Welding d. Resistance Spot Welding

5. A process in which the heat required for welding is produced by means of electrical resistance
across the two components.

a. Resistance Seam Welding c. Resistance Spot Welding

b. Resistance Projection Welding d. Resistance Welding
1. In Explosion welding, pressure is applied by detonating a layer of explosive that has been
placed over one of the components being joined, called the _______.
A. Base plate
B. Flyer plate
C. Explosive
D. Anvil
2. Enumerate the Different Types of Explosives
 Flexible plastic sheet
 Granulated
 Cord
 Liquid
3. It is a process in which the strength of the joint results primarily from diffusion (movement
of atoms across the interface) and the secondarily from plastic deformation of the faying
A. Explosion Welding
B. Cold Welding
C. Diffusion Bonding/ Welding
D. Superplastic Forming

1. It is a welding discontinuities that occurs when some constituents of the molten metal vaporize
causing small gas pockets that get entrapped in the metal as it solidifies.
a. Incomplete Fusion
b. Incomplete Penetration
c. Porosity
d. Slag Inclusion

2. It is a surface discontinuity usually caused by poor welding practice and by the selection of
improper materials.
a. Overlap
b. Undercutting
c. Underfilling
d. Incomplete Penetration

3. It also known as delayed cracks, are hydrogen induced surface or subsurface cracks that appear
in the heat affected zone or the weld metal during cooling or after a period of time.
a. Hot Cracks
b. Cold Cracks
c. Underbead Cracks
d. Toe Cracks

4. What is the joining process in which a filler metal is placed at or between the faying surfaces to
be joined, and the temperature is raised enough to melt the filler metal but not the workpiece.
It comes from the word brass, an archaic word meaning to harden.
a. Welding
b. Forging
c. Brazing
d. Casting
5. It is an essential in brazing, in order to prevent oxidation and to remove oxide films from
workpiece surfaces. This is generally made of borax, boric acid, borates, fluorides, and chlorides.
a. Filler Metal
b. Brazing Rod
c. Fluxes
d. Oxyfuel


Give atleast 5 soldering techniques

Torch Soldering ( TS) Ultrasonic soldering

Furnace Soldering (FS) Reflow (paste) soldering

Iron soldering (INS)- with the use of soldering Wave soldering (WS)

Induction soldering (IS)

Resistance soldering ( RS)

Dip Soldering ( DS)

Infrared soldering (IRS)


1. Joining process in which a filler material is used to hold two (or more) closely-spaced parts together
by surface attachment

a.adhesive bonding

b. soldering

c. brazing

d. mechanical fastening

2. Electrical-resistance wire or braids, sheets or ropes which are placed at the interface to create heat
by passingof electrical current

a. Ultrasonic welding

b. Electric welding

c. resistive-implant welding

d. induction welding

3. It is a method of joining without fasteners. It can be done with beads of dimples, which can be
produced by shrinking or swaging operations.

a. Shrink fitting

b. Press Fitting

c. Metal stitching

d. Crimping

4. All are adhesive systems based on specific chemistries except

a. Acrylics

b. Urethanes

c. Phenolics

d. Silicones
1. A process that remove material from the surface of a work piece by producing chips.
A. Slab-milling B. End-milling C. Cutting process D. Turning
2. It is an important and useful parameter of evaluating cutting conditions.
A. Tool angle B. Cutting ratio C. Depth of cut D. Cutting speed
3. It increase the effective rake angle of the tool and, consequently, increase the shear
A. Cutting B. Shaving C. Skiving D. Chip Breakers
4. A particularly useful in improving the surface finish and dimensional accurancy of
sheared parts and punched slugs.
A. Cutting B. Shaving C. Skiving D. Chip Breakers
5. What is the most significant process variable on tool life?
A. Tool angle B. Cutting ratio C. Depth of cut D. Cutting speed
Factors Effecting Surface Integrity

 Temperatures generated during processing

 Residual Stresses
 Metallurgical (phase) transformation
 Surface plastic deformation, tearing and cracking

6. It is named because they were developed to cut higher speeds.

A. high speed steels B. Diamond C. Alumina based ceramics D. Cubic boron nitride
7. It is also known as Cemented or Sintered Carbides.
A. Diamond B. Carbon and medium alloy steel C. Carbides D. High speed steels

8. It is the oldest tool materials and has been used widely for drills, taps, broaches, and
reamers since the 188s.
A. Cubic boron nitride B. Cubic and medium alloy steels

C. Whisker- reinforced materials D. Silicon nitride based ceramics

9. A method in where it supplies fluid in accessible areas and provides better visibility of
the workpiece being machined.
A. Mist Cooling B. Cooling C. Flood Cooling D. High pressure systems

10. These are used extremely in machining as well as abrasive machining processes.
A. Cutting Fluids B. Carbides C. Cutting tools D. Diamonds

Give at least 5 Tool Materials

 Carbon and medium alloy steels  Cast Cobalt alloys

 High speed steels  Carbides

11. It can be considered as one of the gears in a conjugate pair and the gear blank, used on
machine called gear shapers.
A. Gear Cutting B. Pinion-Shape cutter C. Rack Shaper D. Cutting bevel gears

12. A process in which a rotating multi-tooth cutter removes material while traveling along
various axes with respect to the workpiece.
A. Drilling B. Milling C. Sawing D. Turning

13. The cutting tool is similar to a form milling cutter made in the shape of the space
between the gear teeth
A. Gear generating B. Rack shaper C. Gear-cutting hob D. Form cutting

14. A milling operation which produces various curved profile and uses cutters that have
specially shaped teeth.
A. Form milling B. Face Milling C. Straddle Milling D. Slitting

15. Also called up milling wherein the maximum chip thickness is at the end of the cut and
the rotation of the cutter is opposite to the direction of the feed.
a. Climb milling c. Conventional milling

b. Slab milling d. Face milling


 Shaving  Burnishing
 Grinding  Lapping
 Honing

16. Is an all-inclusive term, covering processes such as welding, brazing, soldering,

adhesive bonding and mechanical fastening.
A. Fusion Welding C. Joining

B. Solid state welding D. Lap Joint

17. A simple joint commonly use for boxes.

A. Butt joint C. Tee Joint

B. Corner Joint D. None of the above

18. Is a type of joint that is between two metal parts and is located at right angles to one
another in the form of a L.
A. Corner Joint C. Lap Joint

B. Fusion Welding D. Tee Joint

19. Used to fasten two surfaces together, usually producing a smooth bond.
A. Solid state welding C. Fusion Welding

B. Tee Joint D. Adhesive Bonding

20. A joint made with two pieces of metal, timber, etc., by halving the thickness of each
member at the joint and fitting them together.
A. Lap Joint C. Tee Joint

B. Butt joint D. none of the above


 Fusion Welding
 Solid state welding
 Adhesive Bonding

21. Fusing material by means of heat

A. Arc Welding C. Fusion Welding
B. Plasma Arc Welding D. Electrogas Welding
22. Any welding process using a fuel gas with oxygen to make a flame
A. Oxyfuel Gas Welding C. Fusion Welding
B. Gas Tungsten Arc Welding D. Electrogas Welding
23. Heat required for fusion is obtained from electricity
A. Arc Welding C. Fusion Welding
B. Plasma Arc Welding D. Electrogas Welding
24. Similar to casting and begins with the formation of columnar grains
A. Oxyfuel Gas Cutting C. Porosity
B. Air Carbon-Arc Welding D. Solidification Process

25. Utilizes a laser beam as the heat source

A. Electron-Beam Welding C. Oxyfuel Gas Cutting
B. Laser-Beam Welding D. Gas Metal Arc Welding


 Tension  Fracture toughness
 Tension-shear  Corrosion and creep
 Bend

26. The faying surfaces of the two components are subjected to a static normal force and
oscillating shearing (tangential) stresses.
a. Friction welding c. Inertia Friction Welding
b. Ultrasonic welding d. Cold Welding
27. Process in which the strength of the joint results primarily from diffusion (movements of
atoms across the interface) and secondarily from plastic deformation of the faying
a. Diffusion Bonding c. Cold welding
b. Percussion Welding d. Stud welding

28. High electrical resistance at the joint is developed by embossing one or more
projections on one of the surfaces to be welded.
a. Flash welding c. Explosion welding
b. Resistance Projection welding d. Resistance Seam welding

29. The components do not have to be circular or tubular in cross-section. The process is
capable of welding square or rectangular components, as well as round parts, made of
metals or plastics.
a. Explosion welding c. Linear Friction welding
b. Inertia Friction welding d. Friction welding

30. Pressure is applied by detonating a layer of explosive that has been placed over one of
the components being joined, (called the flyer plate).
a. Friction welding c. Stud welding
b. Cold welding d. Explosion welding

 Resistance spot welding  Resistance Projection Welding

 Resistance seam welding  Stud welding
 High-Frequency Resistance welding  Percussion welding
 Flash welding

31. Three distinct zones can be identified in a typical fusion-weld joint, except:
A. Base metal C. Weld metal
B. Heat-affected zone D. Grain structure
32. It is a process similar to that in casting and begins with the formation of columnar
(dendritic) grains.
A. Solidification C. Cold-working
B. Preheating D. Tempering
33. Compounds such as oxides, fluxes, and electrode-coating materials that are trapped in
the weld zone.
A. Porosity C. Residual Stresses
B. Slag inclusions D. Lamellar tears
34. Classification of cracks which occur while the joint is still at elevated temperatures.
A. Hot cracks
B. Cold cracks
C. Crater cracks
D. Toe cracks
35. It determines the ductility and strength of the welded joints.
a. Tension test c. Bend test
b. Tension-shear test d. Fracture toughness test

 Visual  Liquid penetrant
 Radiographic  Ultrasonic
 Magnetic-particle

36. It is a common method of joining and assembly in such applications as labeling,

packaging, bookbinding, home furnishing, and foot ware.
A. Adhesive bonding
B. Mechanical fastening
C. Joining plastics
D. Friction welding
37. Most commonly used process for thermoplastics, particularly amorphous polymers such
as ABS and high- impact polystyrene.
A. Friction welding C. Ultrasonic welding
B. Joining thermoplastics D. Seaming
38. It is an important aspect of mechanical fastening.
A. Hole preparation C. Rivets
B. Threaded fasteners D. Brazing
39. This operation is fast, and it is particularly suitable for joining thin metallic and
nonmetallic materials.
A. Seaming C. Crimping
B. Metal stitching or Stapling D. Joining thermoplastics
40. It is a method of joining without using fasteners.
a) Snap in fasteners c) Seaming
b) Crimping d) Brazing


 Torch Brazing
 Furnace Brazing
 Induction Brazing
 Resistance Brazing
 Dip Brazing