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Title: Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (AI) 1
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Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

1. Introduction

Robotics! The word sounds like a familiar notion to techno cravers who always remain in

search of upgraded technology. It is an added spice to the bowl of Artificial Intelligence.

However, as the invention, innovation, and transformation of the technology occur, the bowl of

Artificial Intelligence is filling up with multiple discoveries. The Robotics and AI share a

collateral interests from the very beginning in the field of the machine intelligence.

Quoting a brief extract from UK-RAS Network, “Robotics and AI augment and amplify

human potentials, increase productivity and are moving from simple reasoning towards human-

like cognitive abilities. To understand the impact of AI, it is important to draw lessons from the

past successes and failures, as well as to anticipate its future directions and potentially legal,

ethical and socio-economic implications.”

In this context, a blogger Owen-Hill (2017) has differentiated in the two terms as separate

domains having an intersection of information. According to blog, the Robotics is explicitly deal

with the technology of robots as these machines can be programmable and perform actions

autonomously or semi-autonomously. To designate a machine as a robot the three factors are

evaluated (Owen-Hill, 2017) which are:

● Incorporating in the real world with the help of actuators and sensors.

● Programmable

● Self-reliability

Further, he depicts the picture of robots as intelligent machines with the link of AI. Further,

he has elaborated the AI as a field of computer science that is used in the modern world with

variation. For example, algorithms which are used in SatNav route finders or Google and

Amazon's search engines.

Putting in a nutshell, this piece of essay comprises the precise information about the

intersection between robotics and AI. It will provide an insight of basics to understand the term

robotics and AI in a glance.

2. Definition of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (AI)

When it comes to defining the robotics, the term process the thinking of mechanistic human

being because the robot looks similar to a human. But the real definition spread a wide spectrum

of the innovation. It is quoted by Ingrand (2014) as: “Robotics is an interdisciplinary integrative

field, at the confluence of several areas, ranging from mechanical and electrical engineering to

control theory and computer science, with recent extensions toward material physics,

bioengineering or cognitive sciences.”

While if the Artificial Intelligence has been defined than the robotics is included in the

Artificial Intelligence’s broad spectrum. It has been elicited as the study and engineering of

intelligence machines that are capable of performing the tasks similar to human thoughts. Its

concept has been dated back from ancient times but with the advent of digital computers in the

20th century, the AI born with the huge margin of modifications. It is an applied science, which is

currently programming the broad array of applications.

3. Discussion

According to Ingrand, (2014), the AI and Robotics have a mutual rich junction for

developing a culture of deliberate planning, actions, perceptions, reasoning and calibrated

architectures. He elaborates that AI-Robotics synergy is the fundamental to accept the challenges

of the current modeling and designing in the digital world. The study has entailed the idea that

revival in the AI-Robotics juncture, can play an essential role to transform the human thoughts

into a mechanistic world.

An online book that is written by Brady, explicitly defines the robotics in perspective of

industrial robots. He has explained the terms as “Star Wars” or beautifully picturized science

fiction movies in no relation to the Star Wars characters. This book entailed the robotic control

as a complex issue which should be resolved in regards to AI. However, the innovation and

discoveries in this domain are nascent which require maturity to overcome the challenges and

hurdles of the recent times of technology.

Furthermore, the interaction of the human with the robots is posing a challenge to Artificial

Intelligence (Lemaignan,, 2017). Development of a robot with the acquired cognition,

learning capabilities similar to human and manipulation in the set of beliefs create multiple

arrays of complexity in Artificial Intelligence (Lemaignan,, 2017). This study contributes to

the working and modification of human-level semantics, natural human-robot interaction and

knowledge management in regards to robot deliberative system.

In this context, a British mathematician and a computer scientist, Alan Turing have proposed

a “Turing Test” which can designate a machine with the post of Intelligence. In contrast, an

American Philosopher, John Searle describes that machine can think but the program cannot do

so, in other words, all syntax no semantics. The John Searle philosophy portrays itself an

ambiguity of within the approach. However, there is no consensus exists between the AI or both


According to UK-RAS white papers, AI market around the globe was 260 USD in 2016 while, it

was estimated that in 2024, it will multifold to three trillion dollars.

4. Conclusion

There is always a question that dwells among the people whether the coined term of artificial

intelligence actually possible and would the robots would have an access to the physical world.

The answer remains ambiguous. Robotic engineering is, however, opening new doors of

technology in the domain of artificial intelligence. Along with, the techniques of AI that are

developed to invest in the field of technology.

The artificial intelligence then arises a big question which enunciates as a program or a robot

could be intelligent or its performance would be human-like or not.

5. Recommendation

In consideration of the progress of Artificial Intelligence, a science fiction and practical

reality must be understood. A rationale and symphonically characterized interaction of the

application with the specified projects and research visions must be developed. Misconception

and ill-logical ideas must not hinder the progression of AI. In contrast, the fears of grown AI

should be used for motivation in flourishing the AI.

It is hence, required that responsible and sustained investment in Robotics and Artificial

Intelligence can transform the future prospect of the society and human livelihood.

6. References

Brady, M., Gerhardt, L., & Davidson, H. F. (Eds.). (2012). Robotics and artificial

intelligence (Vol. 11). Springer Science & Business Media.

Ingrand, F., & Ghallab, M. (2014). Robotics and artificial intelligence: A perspective on

deliberation functions. AI Communications, 27(1), 63-80.

Lemaignan, S., Warnier, M., Sisbot, E. A., Clodic, A., & Alami, R. (2017). Artificial

cognition for social human–robot interaction: An implementation. Artificial Intelligence, 247,


Owen-Hill, A., (2017), What's the Difference Between Robotics and Artificial

Intelligence? Available at:


Perez, J. A., Deligianni, F., Ravi, D., & Yang, G. Z., (2017). Artificial Intelligence and

Robotics. UK-RAS White Papers.