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PROYEK : PERENCANAAN JEMBATAN SETIA ASIH ENGINEER : RMD

HARAPAN INDAH CHECKER : IRG

LOKASI: KABUPATEN BEKASI DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : PERHITUNGAN BALOK PRATEGANG PCI GIRDER

Uraian Notasi Dimensi

Lebar total jembatan, Btot = 19.00 m
Lebar Jalur lalu lintas, b1 = 7.00 m
Lebar median jalan, b2 = 2.00 m
Lebar trotoar, b3 = 1.00 m
Lebar barrier, b4 = 0.50 m
Tebal trotoar, tt = 0.30 m
Tebal lapisan aspal, ta = 0.05 m
Tebal slab jembatan, ts = 0.32 m
Tebal pelat pracetak tpc = 0.05 m
Tebal genangan air hujan, th = 0.10 m
Tinggi balok prategang, hb = 1.25 m
Tinggi balok prategang Komposit, hc = 1.57 m
Tinggi bidang samping jembatan, ha = 2.70 m
Panjang jembatan, Ltot = 20.60 m
Panjang bersih jembatan, L = 20.00 m
Jarak antar balok prategang, s = 1.85 m

SPESIFIC GRAFITY (RSNI T02 2005, 5.2)

Jenis Bahan Notasi Berat (kN/m3)
Beton prategang Wc = 26.00
Beton bertulang Wc' = 25.50
Beton Wc" = 25.00
Aspal Waspal = 22.00
Air Hujan Wair = 9.80

DIMENSI BALOK PRESTRESS

Gambar. Dimensi PCI Girder

Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi

b1 = 0.550 m h1= 0.075 m
b2 = 0.190 m h2 = 0.075 m
b3 = 0.170 m h3 = 1.050 m
b4 = 0.240 m h4 = 0.100 m
b5 = 0.650 m h5 = 0.125 m
h = 1.250 m
B. DATA MATERIAL YANG DIGUNAKAN
1. BETON
Mutu beton girder prestress, K - 500 kg/cm2
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41.500 Mpa
Ep beton
Modulus elastisitas = 4700* √ fc' atau Ep = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' )
prategang, Ep = 36724.215 Mpa
Angka poisson, υ = 0.200
Modulus geser, G = E / (2 * ( 1 + υ )) G = 15301.756 Mpa
Koefisien muai panjang untuk beton, α = 0.000011 /°C
Kuat tekan beton awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 33.200 Mpa
(Penarikan diasumsikan pada umur beton 7 hari, fci' = 0.8 f'c)
Tegangan ijin beton saat penarikan : 0.6 fci' τijin tekan
= 19.920 Mpa
0.25 √fci' τijin tarik
= 1.440 Mpa
= 18.675 Mpa
0.5 √fc' τijin tarik
= 3.221 Mpa
Mutu beton plat lantai jembatan, K - 300 kg/cm2
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 24.900 Mpa
Ec beton,
Modulus elastisitas = 4700* √ fc' atau Ec = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 27629.842 Mpa

2. BAJA PRATEGANG
DATA STRANDS CABLE - STANDAR VSL
Jenis Strands, Uncoated 7 wire super strands ASTM A-416 grade 270 (SWPR 7B)
Tegangan leleh strands, fpy = 1670.000 Mpa
Kuat tarik strand, fpu = 1860.000 Mpa
Diameter nominal strands, Dn = 12.700 mm
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 98.700 mm2
Beban putus minimal satu strands, Pbs = 183.700 kN
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable), Ns = 9.000
Luas tampang strands, Astd = 888.300 mm2
Luas penampang selubung ideal, Aselubung = 1776.600 mm2
Diameter selubung minimum, Dselubung = 47.561 mm
Diameter duct yang digunakan, D = 63.000 mm
Modulus elastisitas strands, Es = 1.93E+05 Mpa
Tipe Angkur, VSL EC 12

3. BAJA TULANGAN
Untuk baja tulangan deform D > 12 mm, Tipe = BJTD 40
Untuk baja tulangan polos Ø <= 12 mm, Tipe = BJTP 24
Kuat leleh baja, Fy = 390 Mpa
Kuat tarik ultimet, Fu = 500 Mpa

C. PERHITUNGAN CROSS SECTION

C.1. PENENTUAN LEBAR EFEKTIF PELAT LANTAI

Gambar. Lebar Efektif Pelat Lantai

Lebar pelat efektif (Be) diambil nilai terkecil dari : L/4 = 5.000
m
s = 1.850
m
12*ho = 3.840
m
Maka diambil lebar pelat lantai efektif Be = m
1.850
Kuat tekan beton pelat lantai fc ' = 0.83* K /10
(pelat)
fc (pelat)' = Mpa
24.900
Kuat tekan beton balok fc (balok
)' = 0.83* K /10 fc (balok)' = Mpa
41.500
Modulus elastis pelat beton Epelat = 27629.842 Mpa
Modulus elastis balok beton prategang Ebalok = 36724.215 Mpa
Nilai perbandingan modulus elastis pelat dan balok n = Epelat / Ebalok n = 0.752
Jadi lebar pengganti beton pelat lantai jembatan Beff = n * Be Beff = 1.392 m
C.2. SECTION PROPERTIES BALOK PRATEGANG

Dimensi Luas Jarak Statis Momen Inesria

Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Thdp Alas Momen Inersia Momen
No I0 =1/12*b*h3
b h N A = b * h * N y A * y A * y2
m m buah m
2
m m
3
m4 m4
1 0.550 0.075 1 0.041 1.213 0.0500156 0.0606439 0.0000193
2 0.190 0.075 2 0.014 1.150 0.0163875 0.0188456 0.0000067
3 0.170 1.050 1 0.179 0.650 0.1160250 0.0754163 0.0163997
4 0.240 0.100 2 0.024 0.158 0.0038000 0.0006017 0.0000200
5 0.650 0.125 1 0.081 0.063 0.0050781 0.0003174 0.0001058
Total 0.33925 0.19130625 0.1558248698 0.0165514974

Tinggi balok prategang, hb = 1.250 m

Luas penampang balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2
Tebal pelat lantai jembatan, ho = 0.320 m
Lebar pelat, Beff = 1.392 m
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), yb = S A* y / S A yb = 0.564 m
Letak titik berat (serat atas), ya = hb - yb ya = 0.686 m
Momen Inersia terhadap alas balok, Ib = S A* y2 + S Io Ib = 0.172 m4
Momen inersia terhadap titik berat balok, Ix = Ib - A * yb2 Ix = 0.064 m4
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = Ix / ya Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = Ix / yb Wb = 0.114 m3

Dimensi Luas Jarak Statis Momen Inesria

Jumlah
No
Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Thdp Alas Momen Inersia Momen
No Ac = b * h * N Ac * y Ac * y2 Ico =1/12*b*h3
b h N y
m m buah m2 m m3 m4 m4
0 1.392 0.320 1 0.445 1.410 0.6280102 0.8854944 0.0038007
1 0.550 0.075 1 0.041 1.213 0.0500156 0.0606439 0.0000193
2 0.190 0.075 2 0.014 1.150 0.0163875 0.0188456 0.0000067
3 0.170 1.050 1 0.179 0.650 0.1160250 0.0754163 0.0163997
4 0.240 0.100 2 0.024 0.158 0.0038000 0.0006017 0.0000200
5 0.650 0.125 1 0.081 0.063 0.0050781 0.0003174 0.0001058
Total 0.785 0.8193164 1.0413192 0.0203522

Tinggi total balok komposit, hc = 1.570 m

Luas penampang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), ybc = S Ac* y / S Ac ybc = 1.044 m
Letak titik berat (serat atas), yac = hc - ybc yac = 0.526 m
Momen inersia terhadap alas balok, Ibc = S Ac* y2 + S Ico Ibc = 1.062 m4
Momen inersia terhadap titik berat balok composit,Ixc = Ibc - Ac * ybc Ixc = 0.206 m4
2

Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = Ixc / yac Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W' ac
= Ixc / (yac - h0) W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok , W bc
= Ixc / ybc Wbc = 0.197 m3

D. PEMBEBANAN BALOK PRATEGANG

D.1. BERAT SENDIRI (MS)
D.1.1. BERAT DIAFRAGMA
D.1.1.1. Diafragma Ujung
Ukuran Diafragma :
Tebal, td = 0.300 m
Lebar, bd = 1.850 m
Tinggi, hd = 1.050 m
Berat 1 buah diafragma, W = td * bd * hd * Wc' W = 14.860 kN
Jumlah diafragma, n = 2.000 bh
Berat total diafragma, Wdiafragma = W * n Wdiafragma = 29.720 kN
Panjang bentang, L = 20.000 m
Momen maksimum, Mmax = Wdiafragma / n * L - Wdiafragma / n * ( L -td / 2) Mmax = 2.229 kN.m
Berat diafragma ujung ekivalen, Qdiafragma = Mmax * 8 / (L^2) Qdiafragma = 0.045 kN/m

D.1.1.2. Diafragma Tengah

Ukuran Diafragma :
Tebal, td = 0.200 m
Lebar, bd = 1.850 m
Tinggi, hd = 1.050 m
Berat 1 buah diafragma W = td * bd * hd * Wc' W = 9.907 kN
Jumlah diafragma n = 3.000 bh
Berat total diafragma Wdiafragma = W * n Wdiafragma = 29.720 kN
Panjang bentang L = 20.000 m
Jarak diafragma x1 = 5.000 m
x0 = 0.000 m
Momen maksimum Mmax = (Wdiafragma * L/2) - (W * X0) - (W *X1) Mmax = 99.068 kNm
Berat ekivalen diafragma tengah, Qdiafragma = Mmax * 8 / (L^2) Qdiafragma = 1.981 kN/m

Berat Diafragma ekivalen Total, Qeqivalen = Qdiafragma ujung

+ Q diafragma tengah
Qeqivalen = 2.026 kN/m

D.1.2. BERAT BALOK PRATEGANG

Panjang balok prategang L = 20.600 m
Luas penampang A = 0.339 m2
Berat balok prategang + 10% Wbalok = L * A * Wc Wbalok = 199.873 kN
Qbalok = Wbalok / L Qbalok = 9.703 kN/m

D.2. GAYA GESER DAN MOMEN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI (MS)

Gambar. Sket Beban Berat Sendiri dan Komponen Beban

Beban akibat berat sendiri, QMS = A * W kN/m

Panjang bentang, L = 20.000 m
Gaya Geser akibat berat sendiri, VMS = 1/2*QMS *L kN
Momen akibat berat sendiri, MMS = 1/8*QMS*L2 kN.m

Lebar Tebal Luas Berat Beban Geser Momen

No Jenis Beban Berat Sendiri b h A W QMS VMS MMS
m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Balok Prategang 9.703 97.0255 485.1275
2 Pelat Lantai 1.85 0.32 0.592 25.50 15.096 150.96 754.8
3 Diafragma 2.026 20.2593 101.29652
4 Median 1.00 0.30 0.3 24.00 7.2 72 360
5 Rangka Accesoris 10.00 100 500
Total 44.0244804 440.2448 2201.224

Beban akibat accesoris (Median, Rangka Accesoris)

17.2 kN
D.3. BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN (MA)
jembatan yang merupakan elemen non-struktural, dan mungkin besarnya berubah selama umur jembatan. Beban mati ta
antara lain beban lapisan aspal, genangan air hujan, railing, dan beban instalasi ME.
Beban akibat beban mati tambahan, QMA = A * W kN/m
Panjang bentang, L = 20.000 m
Gaya Geser akibat beban mati tambahan, VMA = 1/2*QMA *L kN
Momen akibat beban mati tambahan, MMA = 1/8*QMA*L2 kN.m

Lebar Tebal Luas Berat Beban Geser Momen

No Jenis Beban Berat Sendiri b h A W QMA VMA MMA
m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Lapisan aspal + overlay 1.85 0.05 0.0925 22.00 2.035 20.35 101.75
2 Air hujan 1.85 0.10 0.185 9.80 1.813 18.13 90.65
4 Berat Instalasi ME 0.1 1 5
5
6
7
8
Total 3.948 39.48 197.4

D.4. BEBAN LAJUR "D"

Beban kendaraan yg berupa beban lajur "D" terdiri dr beban terbagi merata (Uniformly Distributed Load), UDL dan
(Knife Edge Load). UDL mempunyai intensitas q (kPa) yang besarnya tergantung pada panjang total L yang dibebani
dinyatakan dengan rumus sbb:

q= 9 kPa untuk L ≤ 30 m
q = 9.0*(0.5 + 15/L)kPa L ≥ 30 m

Faktor beban dinamis (Dinamic Load Allowance) untuk KEL diambil sebagai berikut :
DLA = 0.4 untuk L ≤ 50 m
DLA = 0.4 - 0.0025*(L - 5 untuk 50 < L < 90 m
DLA = 0.3 untuk L ≥ 90 m

Panjang balok, L = 20.000 m

Jarak antar balok prategang, s = 1.850 m
Beban merata, L <= 30, q = 9; L> 30, q = 9 * (0.5+15/L) q = 9.000 kPa
Beban merata pada balok, QTD = q * s QTD = 16.650 kN/m
Beban garis, P = 49.000 kN/m
Faktor beban dinamis, DLA = 0.400
Beban terpusat pada balok , PTD = (1+DLA) * P * s PTD = 126.910 kN
Gaya dalam akibat beban lajur:
Gaya geser, VTD = 1/2*QTD*L + 1/2*PTD VTD = 229.955 kN
Gaya momen, MTD
= 1/8*Q TD
*L2 + 1/4* PTD * L MTD = 1467.050 kN.m

D.4. BEBAN TRUK "T"

Gambar. Beban Truk Pada Struktur dan Beban Roda Truk

Panjang balok, L = 20.000 m

Jarak antar balok prategang, s = 1.850 m
Faktor beban dinamis, DLA = 0.400
Beban Roda depan pada balok, P1 = 25.000 kN
Jarak P1 dari tengah bentang XP1 = -4.000 m
Beban roda tengah pada balok, P2 = 112.500 kN
Jarak P2 dari tengah bentang XP2 = 0.000 m
Beban roda belakang pada balok, P3 = 112.500 kN
Jarak P3 dari tengah bentang XP3 = 4.000 m
Gaya dalam akibat beban truk:
- Akibat P1,
Gaya geser di tumpuan B, VP1 = P1 * ((L/2+ XP1)/L) VP1 = 7.500 kN
Gaya momen dilapangan dari B, MP1 = VP1 *L/2 MP1 = 75.000 kN.m
- Akibat P2,
Gaya geser di tumpuan B, VP2 = P2/2 VP2 = 56.250 kN
Gaya momen dilapangan dari B, MP2 = VP2 * L/2 MP2 = 562.500 kN.m
- Akibat P3,
Gaya geser di tumpuan B, VP3 = P3 * ((L/2 + XP3)/L) VP3 = 78.750 kN
Gaya momen dilapangan B, MP3 = VP3 * L/2- P3*XP3 MP3 = 337.500 kN.m
Gaya dalam total akibat beban truk:
Gaya geser tumpuan B total, VTT = 142.500 kN
Gaya momen lapangan total, MTT = 975.000 kN.m

D.5. GAYA REM "TB"

Pengaruh ini diperhitungkan senilai dengan gaya rem sebesar 5% dari beban lajur D yang dianggap ada pada semua
lintas tanpa dikalikan dengan faktor beban dinamis dan dalam satu jurusan. Gaya rem tersebut dianggap bekerja h
arah sumbu jembatan dengan titik tangkap setinggi 1,8 m di atas permukaan lantai kendaraan (Berdasarkan RSNI T-

Sedangkan menurut BMS Bridge Design Manual Vol. 1 pengaruh pengereman dari lalu lintas diperhitungkan sebagai g
dalam arah memanjang dan dianggap bekerja pd permukaan lantai jembatan. Besarnya gaya rem arah memanjang jem
tergantung panjang total jembatan (L1) sebagai berikut :
Gaya rem, TTBUntuk Lt ≤ 80 m …………. tabel 2.13 BMS Bridge Design Manual Vol. 1
Gaya rem, TTBUntuk 80 < Lt < 180 m …………. tabel 2.13 BMS Bridge Design Manual Vol. 1
Gaya rem, TTBUntuk Lt ≥ 180 m …………. tabel 2.13 BMS Bridge Design Manual Vol. 1

Panjang balok, L = 20.000 m

Jumlah balok prategang untuk jalur selebar b1, Nbalok = 5.000 bh
Jarak antara balok prategang, s = 1.850 m
Gaya REM berdasarkan BMS, HTB = 250.000 kN
Gaya rem untuk L<= 80 m TTB = HTB / Nbalok TTB = 50.000 kN
QTD = q *s QTD = 16.650 kN/m
PTD = P * s PTD = 90.650 kN
Gaya REM berdasarkan RSNI T-02-2005, 5% dari beban lajur TTB = 21.183 kN
Diambil gaya REM : TTB = Nilai maksimum TTB BMS dan TTB RSNI TTB = 50.000 kN
Letak titik berat komposit atas, yac = 0.526 m
tebal aspal, ha = 0.050 m
titik tangkap gaya rem, x0 = 1.800 m
Lengan thd titik berat balok, y = yac + ha + x0 y = 2.376 m
Beban momen akibat gaya rem, M = TTB * y M = 118.791 kNm
Gaya dalam pada balok akibat gaya rem :
Gaya geser pada tumpuan, VTB = M / L VTB = 5.940 kN
Gaya momen pada tengah bentang, MTB = 1/2* M MTB = 59.395 kNm
D.6. BEBAN ANGIN KENDARAAN "EW" (1 TRUK PADA BENTANG JEMBATAN)
Apabila suatu kendaraan sedang berada diatas jembatan, beban garis merata tambahan arah horisontal harus ditera
permukaan lantai seperti diberikan dengan rumus:

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0012 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
Dimana :
CW = Koefisien seret
VW = Kecepatan angin rencana (m/det)
Ab = Luas bidang samping kendaraan (m2)

Koefisien seret, CW = 1.200

Kecepatan angin rencana, VW = 35.000 m/s
Panjang Truk Ptruk = 8.000 m
Tinggi truk, htruk = 2.750 m
Luas bidang tiup, Ab = 22.000
Maka beban angin adalah TEW = 38.808 kN
Titik tangkap angin merupakan kendaraan dengan tinggi 2.75 m di atas l
h = 2.750 m
Jarak antara roda kendaraan : x = 1.750 m
Transfer beban angin ke lantai jembatan QEW = 1/2*h /x *TEW QEW = 30.492 kN
Panjang Balok L = 20.000 m
Gaya geser dan momen maksimum akibat beban angin
Lokasi kendaraan diasumsikan di tengah bentang jembatan
Pada tumpuan VEW = 1/2 * QEW VEW = 15.246 kN
Pada tengah bentang MEW = 1/4 * QEW * L MEW = 152.460 kNm

D.7. BEBAN ANGIN STRUKTUR

Besarnya beban angin struktur pada jembatan dihitung dengan rumus dibawah ini,

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0006 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
Koefisien seret, CW = 2.100
Kecepatan angin rencana, VW = 35.000 m/s
Tinggi Total bidang samping jembatan, ha = 2.700 m
Maka beban angin horizontal, TEW H = 0.0006 *CW*VW2*ha TEW H = 4.167 kN/m
Diasumsikan beban angin vertikal 30% dari beban angin horizontal
Bebang angin vertikal merata, TEW V= 30% * TEW H TEW V
= 1.250 kN/m

D.8. BEBAN GEMPA "EQ"

Beban gempa vertikal QEQ = 4.402 kN/m
(Beban gempa dipakai 10% dari berat sendiri jembatan)

Catatan. :
Selain reaksi dan gaya yang bekerja di atas, gaya-gaya lain diabaikan karena pengaruhnya relatif kecil
Gaya yang diabaikan meliputi, gaya sentrifugal, gaya temperatur seragam dan gradient.
Pengaruh temperatur akan diperhitungkan dalam perhitungan susut dan rangkak untuk analisis tegangan.
D. RESUME MOMEN DAN GAYA GESER PADA BALOK

Kode Faktor M V
Q P
No Jenis Beban 1/2*L Tumpuan
Beban Beban
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Berat Balok Balok - 9.703 - - -
2 Berat Pelat Pelat - 15.096 - - -
3 Berat Sendiri MS 1.3 44.02448 - - -
4 Mati Tambahan MA 2 3.948 - - -
5 Lajur "D" TD 1.8 - - 1467.050 229.955
6 Truk "T" TT 1.8 - - 975.000 142.500
7 Gaya Rem TB 1.8 - - 59.395 5.940
8 Angin Kendaraan EWM 1.2 - - 152.460 15.246
9 Angin Struktur EWS 1.2 1.250 - - -
10 Gempa EQ 1 4.402 - - -
E. MOMEN dan GESER PADA BALOK PRATEGANG
E.1. RUMUS MOMEN dan GESER PADA BALOK PRATEGANG
Panjang Bentang, L = 20.000 m

1 Berat Balok Mx = 1/2 * Qbalok * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qbalok * (L/2- x)

2 Berat Pelat Mx = 1/2 * Qpelat * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qpelat * (L/2- x)
3 Berat Sendiri Mx = 1/2 * QMS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QMS * (L/2- x)
2 Mati Tambahan Mx = 1/2 * QMA * (L*x- x ) 2
Vx = QMA * (L/2- x)
3 Lajur "D" Mx = MTD Vx =VTD
4 Truk "T" Mx = MTT Vx =VTT
5 Gaya Rem Mx = MTB Vx =VTB
6 Angin Kendaraan Mx = MEWM Vx =VEWM
7 Angin Struktur Mx = 1/2 * QEWS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEWS * (L/2- x)
8 Gempa Mx = 1/2 * QEQ * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEQ * (L/2- x)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Jarak Berat Mati Lajur Truk Gaya Angin Angin Gempa
Balok Pelat
Sendiri Tamb. Rem Kendaraan Struktur
x Balok Pelat MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 485.1 754.8 2201.224 197.4 1467.050 975.000 59.395 152.460 62.51175 220.1224

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Jarak Berat Mati Lajur Truk Gaya Angin Angin Gempa
Balok Pelat
Sendiri Tamb. Rem Kendaraan Struktur
x Balok Pelat MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN
0 97.03 151 440.2448 39.48 229.955 142.500 5.940 15.246 12.50235 44.02448
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

E.4. KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN YANG DIGUNAKAN

Kombinasi Layan Kombinasi Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Simbol
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5 ULS 6
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS 1 1 1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Beban mati tambahan MA 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD 1 1.8 1 1
Beban truk "T" TT 1 1.8 1 1
Beban Gaya rem TB 1 1 1.8 1.8 1 1
Beban angin kendaraan EWM 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
Beban angin struktur EWS 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
C. Aksi Khusus
Beban Gempa EQ 1 1

E.5. KOMBINASI MOMENT (kN.m)

Kombinasi Layan Kombinasi Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Simbol
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5 ULS 6
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS 2201 2201 2201.2 2862 2862 2861.59 2862 2861.6 2862
Beban mati tambahan MA 197.4 197.4 197.4 394.8 394.8 394.8 394.8 394.8 394.8
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD 1467 2641 1467.05 1467.1
Beban truk "T" TT 975 1755 975 975
Beban Gaya rem TB 59.4 59.4 106.9 106.9 59.3954 59.4
Beban angin kendaraan EWM 152.46 152.5 152.5 182.952 183
Beban angin struktur EWS 62.512 62.51 62.51 75.0141 75.01
C. Aksi Khusus
Beban Gempa EQ 220.12 220.1
D. Total
Total 3925 3433 2613.6 6219 5333 5040.8 4549 4943.6 4452
E.6. KOMBINASI GESER (kN)
Kombinasi Layan Kombinasi Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Simbol
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5 ULS 6
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS 440.2 440.2 440.24 572.3 572.3 572.318 572.3 572.32 572.3
Beban mati tambahan MA 39.48 39.48 39.48 78.96 78.96 78.96 78.96 78.96 78.96
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD 230 413.9 229.955 229.96
Beban truk "T" TT 142.5 256.5 142.5 142.5
Beban Gaya rem TB 5.94 5.94 10.69 10.69 5.93954 5.94
Beban angin kendaraan EWM 15.246 15.25 15.25 18.2952 18.3
Beban angin struktur EWS 12.502 12.5 12.5 15.0028 15
C. Aksi Khusus
Beban Gempa EQ 44.024 44.02
D. Total
Total 715.6 628.2 507.47 1104 946.2 920.471 833 925.26 837.8

F. GAYA PRATEGANG, EKSENTRISITAS DAN JUMLAH TENDON

F.1. KONDISI AWAL (SAAT TRANSFER)
Mutu beton, K - 500 kg/cm2
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 41500 kPa
Kuat tekan beton saat transfer, fci' = 33200 kPa
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3
Luas penampang balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2

Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.100 m

Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.464 m
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 485.128 kN.m
Tegangan di serat atas, 0 = -Pt/A + Pt *es /Wa - Mbalok / Wa
Tegangan di serat bawah, 0.6 fci' = -Pt/a - Pt* es /Wb + Mbalok/Wb
Besarnya gaya prategang awal,
Dari persamaan (1), Pt = Mbalok/(es- Wa/A) Pt1 = 2596.926 kN
Dari persamaan (2), P t
= [ 0.6*fci
' * W b
+ M balok
] / (W b
/A + e s
) Pt2 = 3449.815 kN
Diambil gaya prategang, Pt
= Min ( P t1
; Pt2
) Pt = 2596.926 kN

F.2. KONDISI AKHIR

Jenis strand Uncoated 7 wire super strands ASTM A-416 grade 270 (SWPR 7B)
Tegangan leleh strand fpy = 1670000 kPa
Kuat tarik strand fpu = 1860000 kPa
Diameter nominal strands Dn = 0.013 m (1/2")
Luas tampang nominal satu strands Ast = 9.87E-05 m2
Beban putus minimal satu strands (100% UTS ) Pbs = 183.700 kN
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) ns = 9.000 bh
Diameter selubung ideal Dselubung = 47.561 mm
Luas tampang strands Ast = ns * Ast Ast = 0.00089 m2
Beban putus satu tendon Pb1 = Pbs * ns Pb1 = 1653.300 kN
Modulus elastis strands Es = 193000 kPa
Tipe angkur VSL EC 12
Gaya prategang awal Pt = 2596.926 kN
Beban putus satu tendon : Pb1 = 1653.300 kN
Beban putus minimal satu strand : Pbs = 183.700 kN
Maka jumlah tendon yg diperlukan : nt = Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pb1) nt = 2.310 Tendon
diambil jumlah tendon ns= Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pbs) nt = 3.000 Tendon
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) yg diperlukan ns = 20.789 Strand
Maka diambil ns = 27.000 Strand
OK

Posisi Baris Tendon

nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Persentase tegangan leleh yang timbul pada baja (% jacking force) :

P0 = Pt / (0.85* ns * Pbs) P0 = 61.60%
OK <80%
Penarikan tendon awal, kN P0 = 70.00%
Gaya prategang yang terjadi akibat jacking Pj = P0 * ns * Pbs Pj = 3471.93 kN
Diperkirakan kehilangan tegangan (los of prestress) = % loss = 25 %
Gaya prategang akhir setelah kehilangan tegangan (loss of prestress) sebesar :
Peff = Pj * (100 % -% loss) Peff = 2603.9475 kN

F.3. PEMBESIAN BALOK PRATEGANG

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm
Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327 m2
Luas tampang bagian bawah, A Bawah
= b5 * h5 + 1/2* b4 * h4 + b3 * h4 ABawah = 0.12 m2
Luas tulangan bagian bawah, AS Bawah
= 0.5 % A Bawah
AS Bawah = 0.00061 m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n perlu
= 4.61 buah
Maka digunakan tulangan, 8 D 13

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327 m2
Luas tampang bagian atasA Atas
= b1 * h1 + 1/2 *b2 * h2 * 2 + b3 * h2 Aatas = 0.07 m2
Luas tulangan bagian atas AS Atas
= 0.5 % A Atas
AS atas = 0.00034 m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= 2.57 m2
Maka digunakan tulangan 6 D 13 buah

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327 m2
= b3 * (h3-h2-h4) ABadan = 0.15 m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= 5.60 m2
Maka digunakan tulangan 8 D 13 buah
Gambar. Penulangan Balok

F.5. POSISI TENDON DI TENGAH BENTANG

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-1 a = 0.1000 m
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 3 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 18 Strands
Total nt = 1 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Eksentrisitas es = 0.46 m
Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.1000 m
yd = jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon
Momen statis tendon terhadap alas, ns * Z0 = n1 * yd
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon yd =
2.7000 m
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon pakai, yd =
0.1000 m
Diameter selubung tendon, D = 0.0630 m
Jarak vertikal antara selubung tendon, yd - D = 0.0370 m
OK, (yd - D) > 25 mm

F.6. POSISI TENDON DI TUMPUAN

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-4 : a' = 0.4000 m
Posisi Baris Tendon
nt1 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 21 Strands

ye = Letak titik berat terhadap pusat tendon terbawah

Letak titik berat penampang balok terhadap alas, yb = 0.5639 m
Momen statis tendon terhadap pusat tendon terbawah :
ni yd' ni * yd'
7 0 0
7 1 7
7 2 14
Sni * yd' / yd' 21

Sni * yd' = ns * ye
ye/yd' = [Sni * yd' / yd']/ns ye/yd ' = 1.0000
ye = yb - a' ye = 0.1639
yd ' min = ye / [ye/yd'] yd' = 0.1639
yd' = 0.3000
Z0 = a' + ye = yb Z0 = 0.5639
F.7. EKSENTRISITAS MASING - MASING TENDON

Nomor Tendon Posisi Tendon Tumpuan , X = 0 Zi '

(m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = a' + 2 yd' 1.000
2 Z2' = a' + yd' 0.700
3 Z1' = a' 0.400

Nomor Tendon
Posisi Tendon Lapangan , X = 10.3 Zi (m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = yd 0.100
2 Z2' = a 0.100
3 Z3' = a 0.100
Nomor Tendon f i = Z i' - Z i fi (m)
1 f1 =Z1' -Z1 0.900
2 f2 =Z2' -Z2 0.600
3 f3 =Z3' -Z3 0.300

F.8. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (CABLE)

Panjang Balok Prategang L0 = 20.0000 m
Eksentrisitas es = 0.4639 m
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Nilai konstanta, f = es f = 0.4639 m

x y x y x y
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
-0.3 -0.028 6.9 0.419 14.1 0.386
0 0.000 7.2 0.428 14.4 0.374
0.3 0.027 7.5 0.435 14.7 0.361
0.6 0.054 7.8 0.441 15 0.348
0.9 0.080 8.1 0.447 15.3 0.334
1.2 0.105 8.4 0.452 15.6 0.318
1.5 0.129 8.7 0.456 15.9 0.302
1.8 0.152 9 0.459 16.2 0.286
2.1 0.174 9.3 0.462 16.5 0.268
2.4 0.196 9.6 0.463 16.8 0.249
2.7 0.217 9.9 0.464 17.1 0.230
3 0.237 10.2 0.464 17.4 0.210
3.3 0.256 10.5 0.463 17.7 0.189
3.6 0.274 10.8 0.461 18 0.167
3.9 0.291 11.1 0.458 18.3 0.144
4.2 0.308 11.4 0.455 18.6 0.121
4.5 0.324 11.7 0.451 18.9 0.096
4.8 0.338 12 0.445 19.2 0.071
5.1 0.353 12.3 0.439 19.5 0.045
5.4 0.366 12.6 0.433 19.8 0.018
5.7 0.378 12.9 0.425 20 0.000
6 0.390 13.2 0.416 0.3 0.027
6.3 0.400 13.5 0.407
6.6 0.410 13.8 0.397

Jarak ujung balok ke perletakan, x0 = 0.3000 m

Eksentrisitas tumpuan, e0 = 0.0283 m
L/2 + x0 = 10.3000 m
es + e0 = 0.4922 m
Kemiringan angkur, α AB
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α AB
= 0.0956
Kemiringan angkur, α BC
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α BC
= 0.0956

Gambar. Komponen Lintasan Tendon

G. SUDUT ANGKUR
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Turunan persamaan lintasan tendon dy/dx = 4 * f / L2 * ( L - 2x )
Untuk x = 0 (posisi angkur di tumpuan), maka : dy/dx = 4 * f / L
Persamaan sudut angkur, α = ATAN(dy/dx)

Dia. Sudut Angkur

No Tendon Jumlah Strand Selubung Eksentrisitas fi (m) dY/dX
1 7 63.0000 f1 = 0.900 0.18 0.178093 10.203974
2 7 63.0000 f2 = 0.6 0.12 0.119429 6.8427734
3 7 63.0000 f3 = 0.3 0.06 0.059928 3.4336304

G.1. TATA LETAK DAN TRACE KABEL

Panjang bentang, L = 20.6000 m
Eksentrisitas, f0 = es = 0.4639 m
Titik berat serat bawah, yb =
0.5639 m
Eksentritas tendon 1, f1 =
0.9000 m
Eksentritas tendon 2, f2 =
0.6000 m
Eksentritas tendon 3, f3 = 0.3000 m
Posisi masing masing kabel, Zi =Zi' - 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )

Jarak Trace Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z0 Z1 Z2 Z3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 564 1000 700 400
0.5 520 915 643 372
1 478 834 589 345
1.5 439 757 538 319
2 401 684 490 295
2.5 366 616 444 272
3 333 552 401 251
3.5 302 492 362 231
4 274 437 324 212
4.5 247 385 290 195
5 223 338 259 179
5.5 201 295 230 165
6 181 257 205 152
6.5 163 222 182 141
6.75 155 207 171 136
7 148 192 162 131
7.5 134 167 144 122
8 123 145 130 115
8.5 114 127 118 109
9 107 114 110 105
9.5 103 105 104 102
10 100 101 101 100
10.3 100 100 100 100

1250

1100

950

800

650 Tendon
1
Tendon
2
500

350

200

50

10
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

6.5

7.5

8.5

9.5
-100

Gambar. Lintasan Masing - Masing Kabel

Gambar. Tipe - Tipe Angkur
G.2. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (HORIZONTAL)

Jarak Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z1 Z2 Z3 y1 y2 y3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 1000 700 400 0 0 0
0.5 915 643 372 0 0 0
1 834 589 345 0 0 0
1.5 757 538 319 0 0 0
2 684 490 295 0 0 0
2.5 616 444 272 0 0 0
3 552 401 251 0 0 0
3.5 492 362 231 0 0 0
4 437 324 212 0 0 0
4.5 385 290 195 0 0 0
5 338 259 179 0 0 0
5.5 295 230 165 0 31 -31
6 257 205 152 0 60 -60
6.5 222 182 141 0 86 -86
6.75 207 171 136 0 98 -98
7 192 162 131 0 109 -109
7.5 167 144 122 0 130 -130
8 145 130 115 0 148 -148
8.5 127 118 109 0 164 -164
9 114 110 105 0 177 -177
9.5 105 104 102 0 187 -187
10 101 101 100 0 195 -195
10.3 100 100 100 0 200 -200

250

200

150

100

Tendon
1
50 Tendon
2
Tendon
3
0 Web [1]
Web [2]
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10

-50

-100

-150

-200

H. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN (LOSS OF PRESTRESS) PADA CABLE

H.1. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN ANGKUR (ANCHORAGE FRICTION)
Gaya prategang akibat jacking (jacking force) : Pj = 3471.9300 kN
Kehilangan gaya akibat gesekan angkur diperhitungkan sebesar 3% dari gaya prategang akibat jacking
% Angkur = 3.0000 %
P0 = 3367.7721 kN

H.2. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN CABLE (JACK FRICTION )

Kehilangan akibat gesekan sepanjang tendon dihitung berdasarkan analisis dari gaya desak tendon pada selongsong
Ppx =Ppj * e ^ (-Σ(µ*αi+k*Li))
Dimana,
PPX = Gaya prategang efektif tergesek pada lokasi sejarak x (di mana x = ΣLi) dari ujung penegangan (jacking),
setelah kehilangan prategang akibat gesekan, kN.
PPJ = Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking) sebelum memperhitungkan kehilangan prategang, kN.
k = Koefisien gesekan akibat simpangan menyudut persatuan panjang tendon yang direncanakan (dalam rad/m).
Besarnya nilai k adalah sebagai berikut:
a. Untuk selongsong yang diberikan pelumas bisa diambil sebesar 0.0003 - 0.0020 rad/m
b. untuk kawat baja (wire) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil 0.0010 - 0.0020 rad/m
c. Untuk kawat untai (strand) pada selongsong logam yang berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0005 - 0.002 rad/m
d. Untuk batang baja (bar) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0001 - 0.000

µ = Koefisien gesekan akibat adanya lengkungan tendon

Nilainya sebagai berikut:
a. untuk selongsong yang diberi pelumas dapat diambil 0.05 - 0.15
b. untuk selongsong logam dengan permukaan berprofil dapat diambil 0.15 - 0.25

Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking), Ppj = 3367.7721 kN

Bilangan natural, e = 2.7183
Kemiringan angkur, α AB = 0.0956 rad
Kemiringan angkur, α BC = 0.0956 rad
α = α AB
+ α BC α = 0.1911 rad
µ = 0.2500
Setengah bentang, Li = 10.3000 m
panjang balok prategang, Li = 20.6000 m
Setengah bentang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 3145.1726 kN
Ujung balok prategang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 3081.0448 kN

H.3. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PEMENDEKAN ELASTIS (ELASTIC SHORTENING)

Jarak titik berat tendon baja terhadap titik berat tampang balok, es = 0.4639 m
Momen inersia tampang balok beton, Ix = 0.0645 m4
Luas tampang balok beton, A = 0.3393 m2
Modulus elastis balok beton, E balok = 3.67E+07 kPa
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = 1.93E+08 kPa
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000 bh
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0001 m2
Beban putus satu strands, Pbs = 183.7000 kN
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 485.1275 kN.m
Luas tampang tendon baja prategan, At = ns * Ast At = 0.0021 m2
Modulus ratio antara baja prategang dengan balok beton,n = Es / Ebalok n = 5.2554
Jari - jari inersia penampang balok beton, i = √(Ix / A) i = 0.4360 m
Ke = At / A * (1+ es2 + i2) Ke = 0.0130258
Tegangan baja prategang sebelum loss prestress (di tengah bentang) :
σpi = ns * Pb1 / At σpi = 1861195.5 kPa
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik dengan memperhitungkan pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe' = σpi * n * Ke / (1 + n * Ke) Δspe' = 119246.12 kPa
Tegangan beton pada level bajanya oleh pengaruh gaya prategang Pt :
σbt = Δσpe ' / n - Mbalok * es / Ix σbt = 19200.87 kPa
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik tanpa pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe= 1/2* n * σbt Δspe = 50454.011 kPa
Loss of prestress akibat pemendekan elastis, ΔPe =Δσpe * At ΔPe = 104.57603 kN

H.4. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PENGANGKURAN (ANCHORING)

Panjang tarik masuk (berkisar antara 2 - 7 mm) diambil 5mm, Δ L = 0.005 m
Modulus elastis baja prategang, Es = 1.93E+08 kPa
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, At = 0.0021 m2
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan angkur, P0 = 3367.7721 kN
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan cable, Px = 3145.1726 kN
Jarak dari ujung sampai tengah bentang balok, Lx = 10.3000 m
Kemiringan diagram gaya, m = tan w = (P0 - Px)/Lx m = 21.611604 kN/m
L max = √ (ΔL * Es * At / m)
Jarak pengaruh kritis slip nagkur dari ujung, Lmax = 9.6202949 m
Loss of prestress akibat angkur, ΔP = 2 * Lmax * m ΔP = 415.82 kN
P' max = P0 - ΔP / 2 P' max = 3159.8621 kN
P max
= P' max
- Δpe P max = 3055.2861 kN

H.5. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT RELAXATION OF TENDON

H.5.1 Pengaruh Susut (Shrinkage)
Nilai regangan susut rencana beton pada umur t(h εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u

dengan penegertian:
εcs.t : Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, dan
t : umur beton yang dirawat basah di lokasi pekerjaan, terhitung sejak 7 hari setelah pengecoran (hari)
εcs.u : Nilai susut maksimum beton. εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs
Nilai λcs ditentukan oleh kondisi campuran beton dan lingkungan pekerjaan:
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s
Dimana:
Kh.s : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.s : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.s : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.s : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kb.s : faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton (C(kg/m3))
Kac.s : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))

Dalam kondisi standar :

- faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat : H = 70.00 %
- faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton : d = 15.00 cm
- faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton: s = 7.50 cm
- Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton: F = 50.00 %
- faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton: B = 9.00 sak/m3
- faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton; AC = 6.00 %

Maka didapatkan nilai dari:

Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kh.s = 0.7000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kd.s = 1.0025
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Ks.s = 1.0100
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kf.s = 1.0000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kb.s = 1.0560
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kac.s = 0.9980
t = 28.0000 hari
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s λcs = 0.7469616
Nilai susut maksimum beton, εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs εcs.u = 0.000583
Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u εcs.t = 0.000259
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = 1.93E+08 kPa
Tegangan susut, σsh = Es * εcs.t σsh = 49976.71 kPa

H.5.2 Pengaruh Rayapan (Creep)

Rangkak, yang merupakan regangan jangka panjang yang tergantung waktu pada suatu kondisi tegangan tetap, dan ya
mengakibatkan suatu tambahan regangan terhadap regangan elastis beton, bisa dihitung dalam perbandingannya terh
regangan elastis, melalui suatu koefisien rangkak (Øcc(t)), dimana:
εcc.t = Øcc(t)*εe
εe merupakan regangan elastis sesaat, yang diakibatkan oleh bekerjanya suatu tegangan tetap. Dalam hal koefisie
tidak dilakukan pengukuran atau pengujian secara khusus, bisa dihitung dari rumusan:
εe = fc / Ebalok
Øcc(t) =( t 0.6/(10 + t0.6))* Cu
Cu = 2.35 * λcc
λcc =Kh.c * Kd.c * Ks.c * Kf.c * Kac.c * Kto.c
Dimana:
Kh.c : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.c : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.c : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.c : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kac.c : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))
Kto.c : faktor pengaruh umur beton saat dibebani (to(hari))

Tabel koefisien standar rangkak beton sebagai tambahan regangan jangka panjang

Kekuatan karakteristik fc'(Mpa) 20 25 30 35 40-60

Koefisien rangkak maksimum Cu 2.80 2.50 2.30 2.15 2.00

Kekuatan karakteristik beton, fc' = 41.50 Mpa

Koefisien rangkak maksimum, Cu = 2.00
Umur beton, t = 28.00 hari
Øcc(t) = 0.8495203
P initial (keadaan saat transfer) di tengah bentang, Pi = PPx - ΔPe Pi = 3040.60 kN
Pi /(ns*Pbs) = 78.818896 % UTS
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 485.1275 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3
Modulus elastisitas balok, E balok = 3.67E+07 kPa
Eksentrisitas ditengah bentang, es = 0.4639 m
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas, σatas = -Pi/A +Pi.es/Wa - Mbalok/Wa σatas = 881.657 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah, σbawah = -Pi/A -Pi.es/Wb + Mbalok/Wb σbawah = ### kPa
σc = 18807.060 kPa

Regangan yang terjadi, ec = σc / E balok

ee = 0.00051
Tegangan akibat creep, σcr = εcc.t * Es σcr = 83965.23 kPa

Tegangan akibat creep dan shrinkage, Δσsc = 133941.93 kPa

σpi= Pi / At σpi= ### kPa
Besar tegangan terhadap UTS, Pi /(ns*Pbs) = 78.818896 % UTS
X = 0 σpi < 50% UTS
X = 1 σpi = 50% UTS
X = 2 σpi = 70% UTS
X = 2.00
Relaxasi 1000 jam pada 70%UTS c = 2.50 %
σr = X *c * ( σpi - Δσsc ) σr = 66651.59 kPa
loss of prestress jangka panjang, ∆σsc + σr = 200593.53 kPa
∆P = (∆σsc + σr) * At ∆P = 415.7702 kN
Gaya efektif di tengah bentang balok, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Kehilangan gaya prategang total, % LOP = (1- Peff/ Pj)*100 % LOP = 24.398638 %
Persentase kehilangan asumsi awal, % EST = 25 %
Cukup dekat dengan estimasi awal
(Kehilangan gaya prategang akhir = 25%) OK!
Kontrol tegangan pada tendon baja pasca tarik segera setelah penyaluran gaya prategang :
Tegangan ijin tendon baja pasca tarik : 0.7* fPU = 1302000 kPa
Tegangan yang terjadi pada tendon baja pasca tarik : fp = Peff /At fp = 1266380.3 kPa
OK < 0.70*fpu

Gaya Satuan (kN) Kehilangan Gaya Prategang % UTS

PJ 3471.9300 Akibat jacking force 90.000
P0 3367.7721 Akibat gesekan angkur 87.300
Px 3145.1726 Akibat elastic shortening 81.530
Pi 3040.5966 Akibat relaksasi tendon 78.819
Peff 2624.83 Gaya Prategang efektif 68.041
Loss Of Prestress (%) 24.399

Batas Tegangan Izin Tarik dan Tekan untuk Beton Berdasarkan SNI beton untuk Jembatan dan AASHTO LRFD adalah seb
berikut:
Batas Tegangan
Kondisi Rumus Beton K -500
(Mpa)

0.500 ∗ √(𝑓_𝑐′ )
a. Tarik 3.221

b. Tekan akibat beban tetap / permanen - 0.45∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -18.675

c. Tekan akibat beban tetap dan transien / layan - 0.60∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -24.900

Kuat tekan beton awal (saat transfer), fci' = 33.200 Mpa

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 41.500 Mpa

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Saat Transfer

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 33200.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc = -19920.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, f t
= 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft = 1440.49 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Pt = 3145.17 kN
Momen balok, Mbalok = 485.13 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.464 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = 1089.47 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, OK!!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = -17786.37 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, OK!!

I.2. KEADAAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 33200.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc' fc = -18675.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 3221.02 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Momen balok, Mbalok = 485.13 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.464 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = 55.44 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, OK!!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = -6452.20 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, OK!!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 500

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 33200.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc = -19920.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, f t
= 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft = 1440.49 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Momen balok Mbalok= 485.13 kN.m
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 754.80 kN.m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 1239.93 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.339 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.464 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = -7973.79 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, OK!!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = -7542.64 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, OK!!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 33200.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc' fc = -18675.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 3221.02 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Momen balok Mbalok= 485.13 kN.m
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 754.80 kN.m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 1239.93 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.944 m
Tegangan serat atas, f ac
= -186.59 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, OK!!
Tengan Serat bawah, f bc
= 2927.31 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, OK!!

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Setelah Pelat dan balok Menjadi Komposit

J.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI
Momen akibat beban sendiri MMS = 2201.224 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MMS / Wac f ac
= -5614.433 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MMS / W'ac f ' ac
= -2197.611 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMS / Wbc f bc
= 11149.351 kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Berat Sendiri

J.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN

Momen akibat beban sendiri MMA = 197.400 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MMA / Wac f ac
= -503.488 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MMA / W'ac f ' ac
= -197.076 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMA / Wbc f bc
= 999.845 kPa

J.3. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

J.3.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT BETON (SHRINKAGE)
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification):
Ps = Aplat * Eplat * ∆ εsu * n * [(1 - e-cf)/cf]
dimana,
Aplat = Luas penampang plat
Eplat = modulus elastis balok
e = bilangan natural
n = Eplat/Ebalok

Luas penampang pelat, A plat

= Beff * h0 A plat
= 0.445 m2
Modulus elastis pelat, Eplat = 2.76E+07 kPa
Modulus elastis balok, Ebalok= 3.67E+07 kPa
Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
perbandingan Epelat/Ebalok, n = Eplat / Ebalok n = 0.752
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = yac - ho / 2
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.366 m
Koefisien, kb = 0.905
kc = 3.000
Kd = 0.938
ke = 0.734
ktn = 0.200
cf = kb * kc * kd * ke * ( 1 - ktn) = cf = 1.495
Regangan akibat susut, ∆εsu = 0.000259
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = 1243.875 kN
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /Wac f ac
= 424.672 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac =Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /W'ac f ' ac
= 1130.985 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = Ps/Ac + Ps * e' /Wbc f bc
= 3890.020 kPa

J.3.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT RANGKAK BETON (CREEP)

Residual creep (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification) dinyatakan dengan persamaan :
σcr = (1-e-cf) * (σ2-σ1)
σ2 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi awal sebelum loss of prestress,
σ1 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi akhir setelah loss of prestress.
cf = the residual creep factor
e = bilangan natural

Residual creep factor, cf = 1.495

Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
Gaya prestress awal, Pi = 3040.597 kN
Gaya prestress efektif, Peff = 2624.826 kN
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.944 m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 1239.93 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2

Tegangan pada balok sebelum loss of prestress,

Tegangan beton di serat atas fplat,
ac
= -Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac f ac
= 284.798 kPa
f =
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok,
ac
-Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac f ' ac
= -2246.834 kPa
f
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok,
bc
= -Pi/Ac - Pi * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc f bc
= ### kPa

Tegangan pada balok setelah loss of prestress,

Tegangan f acplat,
beton di serat atas = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac f ac
= -186.592 kPa
Tegangan f ac balok,
Beton di serat atas = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac f ' ac
= -2108.871 kPa
Tegangan f bc balok,
beton di serat bawah = -Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc f bc
= -9617.774 kPa

σ2 σ1 σ2- σ1 (1 - e-cf) σcr

kPa kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = 284.798 -186.592 471.390 0.7758421 365.724
Tegangan beton di serat atas balok (f'ac) = -2246.834 ### -137.96233 0.7758421 -107.037
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok (fbc) = ### ### -2518.2438 0.7758421 -1953.76

J.3.3. SUPERPOSISI TEGANGAN SUSUT RANGKAK

Susut Rangkak Susut + Rangkak
kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = 424.672 365.724012 790.396
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (f'ac) = 1130.985 -107.03698 1023.948
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fbc) = 3890.020 -1953.7596 1936.260

J.4. TEGANGAN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya prategang efektif Peff = 2624.826 kN
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.944 m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /Wac f ac
= 2975.962 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac = - Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /W'ac f ' ac
= -870.979 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = - Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wbc f bc
= ### kPa

J.5.a. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD )

Momen akibat beban lajur, MTD = 1467.050 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MTD / Wac f ac
= -3741.852 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac
= -MTD / W'ac f ' ac
= -1464.642 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTD / Wbc f bc
= 7430.709 kPa

J.5.b. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK "TT"

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT = 975.000 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f = -MTT / Wac
ac f ac
= -2486.831 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTT / W'ac f ' ac
= -973.400 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTT / Wbc f bc
= 4938.442 kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Lajur

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB = 59.395 kN.m

Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MTB / Wac f ac
= -151.494 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTB / W'ac f ' ac
= -59.298 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTB / Wbc f bc
= 300.842 kPa
J.7. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)
Momen akibat beban angin, MEW = 214.972 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MEW / Wac f ac
= -548.306 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MEW / W'ac f ' ac
= -214.619 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc
= MEW / Wbc f bc
= 1088.847 kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Angin
J.8. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)
Momen akibat beban gempa, MEQ = 220.122 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MEQ / Wac f ac
= -561.443 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MEQ / W'ac f ' ac
= -219.761 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MEQ / Wbc f bc
= 1114.935 kPa

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur : Pt = At * Ebalok * α *T(y)

Daimana,
At = Luas tampang yang ditinjau
T(y) = distribusi temperatur dalam fungsi (y)
Untuk beton, T(y) = (T+8) - 0.05*y
y = Tebal segmen yang ditinjau (mm)

y = 0.300 m
Momen akibat temperatur
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Temperatur

Suhu di permukaan pelat, (T+8) = 15 °C

Menentukan T(y) = 0, y = (T+8)/0.05 y = 300.000 mm
Perbedaan temperatur ΔT = 15.000 °C
Modulus elastis balok Ebalok = 3.67E+07 kPa
Koefisien muai panjang untuk beton, α = 1.10E-05 /°C
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), ybc = 1.044 m
Letak titik berat (serat atas), yac = 0.526 m
Lebar efektif pelat, Beff = 1.392 m
Tinggi balok prategang, h = 1.250 m

Lebar Tebal Luas Temperatur Gaya Lengan terhadap titik Momen

Zi
No b h At Atas Bawah Pt berat penampang Mpt
(m) (m) (m2) Ta (°C)Tb (°C) (kN) Komposit m kN.m
0 1.392 0.320 0.445397 15.00 -1.00 1259.4787 z0 = yac - h0 /2 0.3658156 460.737
1 0.550 0.075 0.04125 5.00 -4.75 2.0829516 z1 = yac - h0 - h1 /2 0.1683156 0.350593
2 0.190 -0.095 -0.01805 1.50 0.00 -5.468695 z2 = yac - h0 - h1 - h2/2 0.1783156 -0.97515
S Pt = 1256.093 SMPt = 460.1124

eksentrisitas, ep = SMPt / S Pt ep = 0.366 m

Tegangan akibat perbedaan temperatur,
f ac = -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/Wac
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -3285.097 kPa
f
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok,
ac
= -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/W'ac f ' ac
= -3999.301 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f ac = SPt/Ac - SPt*ep/Wbc f bc
= -2128.157 kPa

J.9. RESUME TEGANGAN

Aksi / Beban
f ac
(kPa) f ' ac (kPa) f bc
(kPa)
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS -5614.433 -2197.611 11149.351
Beban mati tambahan MA -503.488 -197.076 999.845
Susut Rangkak SR 790.396 1023.948 1936.260
Beban Prategang PR 2975.962 -870.979 -15898.092
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD -3741.852 -1464.642 7430.709
Beban Truk "TT" TT -2486.831 -973.400 4938.442
Beban Gaya rem TB -151.494 -59.298 300.842
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET -3285.097 -3999.301 -2128.157
Beban angin EW -548.306 -214.619 1088.847
Beban Gempa EQ -561.443 -219.761 1114.935

K. KONTROL TEGANGAN TERHADAP KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN

Mutu Beton, K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton fc = -0.45 * fc' fc = -18675.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 3221.02 kPa

Simbol Kombinasi Pembebanan

Aksi / Beban
1 2 3 4 5
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS √ √ √ √ √
Beban mati tambahan MA √ √ √ √ √
Susut Rangkak SR √ √ √ √ √
Beban Prategang PR √ √ √ √ √
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" /Truk "TT" TD/TT √ √ √ √
Beban Gaya rem TB √ √ √ √
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET √ √
Beban angin EW √ √
Beban Gempa EQ √
Teg. Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
ket.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -5614.4 -503.5 790.4 2976.0 -3741.9 -151.5 -6244.9 OK!!
f ' ac = -2197.6 -197.1 1023.9 -871.0 -1464.6 -59.3 -3765.7 OK!!
f bc = 11149.4 999.8 1936.3 -15898.1 7430.7 300.8 5918.9 NG!!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas)

Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
ket.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -5614.4 -503.5 790.4 2976.0 -3741.9 -151.5 -3285.1 -9530.0 OK!!
f ' ac = -2197.6 -197.1 1023.9 -871.0 -1464.6 -59.3 -3999.3 -7765.0 OK!!
f bc = 11149.4 999.8 1936.3 -15898.1 7430.7 300.8 -2128.2 3790.8 NG!!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas)

Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
ket.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -5614.4 -503.5 790.4 2976.0 -3741.9 -151.5 -548.3 -6793.2 OK!!
f ' ac = -2197.6 -197.1 1023.9 -871.0 -1464.6 -59.3 -214.6 -3980.3 OK!!
f bc = 11149.4 999.8 1936.3 -15898.1 7430.7 300.8 1088.8 7007.8 NG!!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas)

Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
ket.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -5614.4 -503.5 790.4 2976.0 -3741.9 -151.5 -3285.1 -548.3 -10078.3 OK!!
f ' ac = -2197.6 -197.1 1023.9 -871.0 -1464.6 -59.3 -3999.3 -214.6 -7979.6 OK!!
f bc = 11149.4 999.8 1936.3 -15898.1 7430.7 300.8 -2128.2 1088.8 4879.6 NG!!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas)

Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
ket.
fi MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -5614.4 -503.5 790.4 2976.0 ### -2913.0 OK!!
f ' ac = -2197.6 -197.1 1023.9 -871.0 ### -2461.5 OK!!
f bc = 11149.4 999.8 1936.3 -15898.1 ### -697.7 OK!!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas)

Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Jumlah Strand Pbs Pj Sudut

No Tendon po %
ns ( kN ) ( kN ) ( ° )
1 7 183.700 61.598 % 792.091 10.204
2 7 183.700 61.598 % 792.091 6.843
3 7 183.700 61.598 % 792.091 3.434

L.1. PEMBESIAN END BLOCK TENDON 1 (T1)

L.1.1. Perhitungan Strut And Tie Model,
Nomor Tendon, nt = 1.000
Gaya aksial, Pj = 792.091 kN
Jarak vertikal, V = 0.737 m
Jarak horisontal, H = 5.250 m
Gaya tie, T = Pj * V /H T = 111.194 kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= 316.793 mm2

L.1.2. Perhitungan Gaya Bursting,

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Vertikal,
Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215 m
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1V = 0.300 m
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = 197.225 kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= 561.895 mm2

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Horizontal,

Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215 m
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1H = 0.195 m
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = 159.017 kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= 453.040 mm2

L.1.3. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Vertikal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= 561.895 mm2
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000 mm
Luas tulangan, Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 132.732
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = 6.000 buah
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = 796.394 mm2
OK!!

L.1.4. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Horizontal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= 453.040 mm2
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000 mm
Luas tulangan (digunakan sengkang tertutup), Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 265.465
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = 6.000 buah
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = 1592.787 mm2
OK!!

Gambar. Sket Penulangan Brusting Steel

V = gaya geser akibat beban
M = momen akibat beban
Gambar. Konstantan Perhitungan Geser

Letak titik berat (serat atas), ya = 0.6861 m

Letak titik berat (serat bawah), yb = 0.5639 m

Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis

Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
1 0.550 0.075 1 1 0.0412500 y1 = ya - 1/2*h1 0.649 0.0267544
3 0.190 0.075 2 0.5 0.0142500 y3 = ya - h1 - 1/3*h2 0.586 0.0083518
4 0.170 0.611 1 1 0.1038854 y4 = ya - h1 - 1/2*h3 0.306 0.0317417
Sxa = 0.0668479
Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis
Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
4 0.170 0.439 1 1 0.075 y1 = 1/2*h4 0.219 0.0163745
5 0.240 0.100 2 0.5 0.024 y2 = yb - h6 - 1/3*h5 0.406 0.0097338
6 0.650 0.125 1 1 0.081 y3 = yb - 1/2*h6 0.501 0.0407395
Sxb = 0.0668479

Eksentrisitas tendon, e = Y = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Sudut kemiringan tendon, α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Komponen gaya arah x, Py = Peff * cos α
Komponen gaya arah y, Py = Peff * sin α
Resultan gaya geser, Vr = V - Py
Tegangan geser yang terjadi, fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )

Untuk tinjauan geser di atas garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fa)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Untuk tinjauan geser di bawah garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wa + M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fb)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Diameter tulangan, D = 13.0000 mm

Luas tulangan, At = 1/4 * pi() * D2 At = 132.7323 mm2
Eksentrisitas, f =es = 0.4639 m
Panjang bentang, L = 20.0000 m
Gaya efektif prategang, Peff = 2624.8264 kN
Lebar yang ditijau, b = 0.3000 m
Luas balok, A = 0.3393 m2
Inersia balok, Ix = 0.0645 m4
Momen statis penampang balok, Sx = 0.0668 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.094 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.114 m3

RESUME PERSAMAAN UNTUK TINJAUAN GESER

Persamaan (1), e = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Persamaan (2), α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Persamaan (3), Px = Peff * cos α
Persamaan (4), Py = Peff * sin α
Persamaan (5), Vr = V - Py
Persamaan (6), fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )
Persamaan (7), fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fa) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)
atau
Persamaan (7), fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wb + M / Wb
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fb) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Kode Faktor M V
Q P
No Jenis Beban 1/2*L Tumpuan
Beban Beban
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Berat Balok Balok - 9.703 - - -
2 Berat Pelat Pelat - 15.096 - - -
3 Berat Sendiri MS 1.2 44.02448 - - -
4 Mati Tambahan MA 2 3.948 - - -
5 Lajur "D" TD 1.8 16.650 126.910 - -
6 Truk "T" TT 1.8 - - 975.000 142.500
7 Gaya Rem TB 1.8 - - 59.395 5.940
8 Angin Kendaraan EWM 1.2 - - 152.460 15.246
9 Angin Struktur EWS 1.2 1.250 - - -
10 Gempa EQ 1 4.402 - - -

Panjang bentang, L = 20.0000 m

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.5 214.6 19.2 112.9 48.75 2.97 7.623 6.1 21.5 349.7 285.6 247.6 255.3
1 418.2 37.5 221.6 97.5 5.94 15.25 11.9 41.8 683.3 559.2 482.9 497.6
1.5 610.8 54.8 326.2 146.3 8.909 22.87 17.3 61.1 1000.7 820.8 705.8 726.7
2 792.4 71.1 426.6 195 11.88 30.49 22.5 79.2 1302.0 1070.4 916.5 942.7
2.5 963.0 86.4 522.9 243.8 14.85 38.12 27.3 96.3 1587.1 1308.0 1114.9 1145.7
3 ### 100.7 614.9 292.5 17.82 45.74 31.9 112.3 1856.1 1533.6 1300.9 1335.6
3.5 ### 114.0 702.9 341.3 20.79 53.36 36.1 127.1 2108.9 1747.2 1474.7 1512.3
4 ### 126.3 786.6 390 23.76 60.98 40.0 140.9 2345.5 1948.9 1636.1 1676.0
4.5 ### 137.7 866.2 438.8 26.73 68.61 43.6 153.5 2566.0 2138.5 1785.2 1826.6
5 ### 148.1 941.7 487.5 29.7 76.23 46.9 165.1 2770.3 2316.2 1922.1 1964.1
5.5 ### 157.4 ### 536.3 32.67 83.85 49.9 175.5 2958.5 2481.8 2046.6 2088.5
6 ### 165.8 ### 585 35.64 91.48 52.5 184.9 3130.5 2635.5 2158.8 2199.7
6.5 ### 173.2 ### 633.8 38.61 99.1 54.9 193.2 3286.4 2777.1 2258.7 2297.9
7 ### 179.6 ### 682.5 41.58 106.7 56.9 200.3 3426.1 2906.8 2346.4 2383.1
7.5 ### 185.1 ### 731.3 44.55 114.3 58.6 206.4 3549.6 3024.5 2421.7 2455.1
8 ### 189.5 ### 780 47.52 122 60.0 211.3 3657.0 3130.2 2484.7 2514.0
8.5 ### 193.0 ### 828.8 50.49 129.6 61.1 215.2 3748.3 3223.9 2535.4 2559.8
9 ### 195.4 ### 877.5 53.46 137.2 61.9 217.9 3823.4 3305.6 2573.7 2592.6
9.5 ### 196.9 ### 926.3 56.43 144.8 62.4 219.6 3882.3 3375.3 2599.8 2612.2
10 ### 197.4 ### 975 59.4 152.5 62.5 220.1 3925.1 3433.0 2613.6 2618.7

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
0 440.2 39.5 230.0 97.5 5.94 15.25 12.5 44.0 715.6 583.2 507.5 523.7
0.5 418.2 37.5 221.6 97.5 5.94 15.25 11.9 41.8 683.3 559.2 482.9 497.6
1 396.2 35.5 213.3 97.5 5.94 15.25 11.3 39.6 651.0 535.2 458.3 471.4
1.5 374.2 33.6 205.0 97.5 5.94 15.25 10.6 37.4 618.7 511.2 433.6 445.2
2 352.2 31.6 196.7 97.5 5.94 15.25 10.0 35.2 586.4 487.2 409.0 419.0
2.5 330.2 29.6 188.3 97.5 5.94 15.25 9.4 33.0 554.1 463.2 384.4 392.8
3 308.2 27.6 180.0 97.5 5.94 15.25 8.8 30.8 521.8 439.2 359.8 366.6
3.5 286.2 25.7 171.7 97.5 5.94 15.25 8.1 28.6 489.4 415.3 335.2 340.4
4 264.1 23.7 163.4 97.5 5.94 15.25 7.5 26.4 457.1 391.3 310.6 314.2
4.5 242.1 21.7 155.0 97.5 5.94 15.25 6.9 24.2 424.8 367.3 286.0 288.1
5 220.1 19.7 146.7 97.5 5.94 15.25 6.3 22.0 392.5 343.3 261.4 261.9
5.5 198.1 17.8 138.4 97.5 5.94 15.25 5.6 19.8 360.2 319.3 236.7 235.7
6 176.1 15.8 130.1 97.5 5.94 15.25 5.0 17.6 327.9 295.3 212.1 209.5
6.5 154.1 13.8 121.7 97.5 5.94 15.25 4.4 15.4 295.6 271.3 187.5 183.3
7 132.1 11.8 113.4 97.5 5.94 15.25 3.8 13.2 263.3 247.4 162.9 157.1
7.5 110.1 9.9 105.1 97.5 5.94 15.25 3.1 11.0 231.0 223.4 138.3 130.9
8 88.0 7.9 96.8 97.5 5.94 15.25 2.5 8.8 198.6 199.4 113.7 104.7
8.5 66.0 5.9 88.4 97.5 5.94 15.25 1.9 6.6 166.3 175.4 89.1 78.6
9 44.0 3.9 80.1 97.5 5.94 15.25 1.3 4.4 134.0 151.4 64.5 52.4
9.5 22.0 2.0 71.8 97.5 5.94 15.25 0.6 2.2 101.7 127.4 39.9 26.2
10 0.0 0.0 63.5 97.5 5.94 15.25 0.0 0.0 69.4 103.4 15.2 0.0

M.3. TINJAUAN GESER DI ATAS GARIS NETRAL

Kombinasi III Pers. 1Pers. 2Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6Pers. 7Pers. 8 Pers. 9
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ as
(m) (kN.m) (kN) (m) (rad) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (rad) (m)
0 0.000 507.473 0 0.093 2613.6 242.5 265 915.456 -7704 -0.117 0.031771
0.5 247.584 482.862 0.045 0.088 2614.7 230.5 252.4 871.985 -9083 -0.095 0.048443
1 482.862 458.250 0.088 0.083 2615.7 218.4 239.8 828.565 ### -0.079 0.070068
1.5 705.834 433.639 0.129 0.079 2616.7 206.4 227.3 785.193 ### -0.067 0.097642
2 916.501 409.028 0.167 0.074 2617.6 194.3 214.7 741.867 ### -0.058 0.132459
2.5 1114.862 384.416 0.203 0.069 2618.5 182.2 202.2 698.583 ### -0.05 0.176226
3 1300.917 359.805 0.237 0.065 2619.3 170.1 189.7 655.34 ### -0.044 0.231225
3.5 1474.667 335.194 0.268 0.06 2620.1 158 177.2 612.134 ### -0.038 0.30057
4 1636.111 310.582 0.297 0.056 2620.8 145.9 164.7 568.964 ### -0.034 0.388592
4.5 1785.249 285.971 0.324 0.051 2621.4 133.8 152.2 525.825 ### -0.03 0.501466
5 1922.082 261.360 0.348 0.046 2622 121.6 139.7 482.717 ### -0.026 0.648234
5.5 2046.609 236.748 0.37 0.042 2622.5 109.5 127.3 439.635 ### -0.023 0.842566
6 2158.830 212.137 0.39 0.037 2623 97.35 114.8 396.578 ### -0.02 1.105925
6.5 2258.746 187.526 0.407 0.032 2623.4 85.19 102.3 353.542 ### -0.017 1.473575
7 2346.356 162.914 0.422 0.028 2623.8 73.03 89.88 310.526 ### -0.015 2.006778
7.5 2421.660 138.303 0.435 0.023 2624.1 60.87 77.44 267.525 ### -0.013 2.819716
8 2484.658 113.691 0.445 0.019 2624.4 48.7 64.99 224.538 ### -0.01 4.145578
8.5 2535.351 89.080 0.453 0.014 2624.6 36.53 52.55 181.562 ### -0.008 6.523602
9 2573.738 64.469 0.459 0.009 2624.7 24.35 40.12 138.594 ### -0.006 11.44668
9.5 2599.820 39.857 0.463 0.005 2624.8 12.18 27.68 95.6321 ### -0.004 24.43127
10 2613.596 15.246 0.464 0 2624.8 0 15.25 52.6724 ### -0.002 81.35443
M.4. TINJAUAN GESER DI BAWAH GARIS NETRAL
Kombinasi III Pers. 1Pers. 2Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6Pers. 7Pers. 8 Pers. 9
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ as
(m) (kN.m) (kN) (m) (rad) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (rad) (m)
0 0.000 507.473 0 0.093 2613.6 242.5 ### 915.456 -7704 -0.117 0.031771
0.5 247.584 482.862 0.045 0.088 2614.7 230.5 252.4 871.985 -6332 -0.134 0.023762
1 482.862 458.250 0.088 0.083 2615.7 218.4 239.8 828.565 -5026 -0.159 0.016713
1.5 705.834 433.639 0.129 0.079 2616.7 206.4 227.3 785.193 -3788 -0.196 0.010723
2 916.501 409.028 0.167 0.074 2617.6 194.3 214.7 741.867 -2617 -0.258 0.005917
2.5 1114.862 384.416 0.203 0.069 2618.5 182.2 202.2 698.583 -1512 -0.373 0.002448
3 1300.917 359.805 0.237 0.065 2619.3 170.1 189.7 655.34 -475 -0.612 0.000457
3.5 1474.667 335.194 0.268 0.06 2620.1 158 177.2 612.134 496.9 0.5926 0.000533
4 1636.111 310.582 0.297 0.056 2620.8 145.9 164.7 568.964 1402 0.3409 0.003073
4.5 1785.249 285.971 0.324 0.051 2621.4 133.8 152.2 525.825 2241 0.2194 0.008453
5 1922.082 261.360 0.348 0.046 2622 121.6 139.7 482.717 3013 0.155 0.017669
5.5 2046.609 236.748 0.37 0.042 2622.5 109.5 127.3 439.635 3719 0.1161 0.032103
6 2158.830 212.137 0.39 0.037 2623 97.35 114.8 396.578 4360 0.09 0.053909
6.5 2258.746 187.526 0.407 0.032 2623.4 85.19 102.3 353.542 4934 0.0712 0.086615
7 2346.356 162.914 0.422 0.028 2623.8 73.03 89.88 310.526 5443 0.0568 0.136355
7.5 2421.660 138.303 0.435 0.023 2624.1 60.87 77.44 267.525 5885 0.0453 0.214555
8 2484.658 113.691 0.445 0.019 2624.4 48.7 64.99 224.538 6262 0.0358 0.344554
8.5 2535.351 89.080 0.453 0.014 2624.6 36.53 52.55 181.562 6573 0.0276 0.580325
9 2573.738 64.469 0.459 0.009 2624.7 24.35 40.12 138.594 6818 0.0203 1.071295
9.5 2599.820 39.857 0.463 0.005 2624.8 12.18 27.68 95.6321 6998 0.0137 2.369642
10 2613.596 15.246 0.464 0 2624.8 0 15.25 52.6724 7112 0.0074 8.066677

M.4. JARAK SENGKANG YANG DIGUNAKAN (PCI I GIRDER SEGMENTAL (/6M))

x Jarak Sengkang D-13 Jarak yang
(m) Geser 1 Geser 2 diambil
0 31 31 50
0.5 48 23 50
1 70 16 50
1.5 97 10 200
2 132 5 200
2.5 176 2 200
3 231 0 200
3.5 300 0 200
4 388 3 200
4.5 501 8 200
5 648 17 200
5.5 842 32 100
6 1105 53 100
6.5 1473 86 100
7 2006 136 200
7.5 2819 214 200
8 4145 344 200
8.5 6523 580 200
9 11446 1071 200
9.5 24431 2369 200
10 81354 8066 200

N. PERHITUNGAN PENGHUBUNG GESER (SHEAR CONNECTOR)

Tegangan geser horisontal akibat gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau dihitung dengan rumus :
fv = Vi * Sx / ( bv * Ixc )
Dimana,
Vi = gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau
Sx = momen statis luasan plat terhadap titik berat penampang komposit
Sx = beff * h0 * ( yac - h0 / 2 )
bv = lebar bidang gesek ( = lebar bidang kontak antara plat dan balok )
beff = lebar efektif plat
h0 = tebal plat
Ixc = Inersia penampang balok komposit

Luas total shear conector, Ast = ns * As

Dimana,
ns = jumlah shear conector
As = luas satu shear conector

Jarak antara shear conector, dihitung dengan rum as = fs * Ast * kf / ( fv * bv )

Dimana,
kf = koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak ( = 1 - 1.4 )
fs = tegangan ijin baja shear conector fs = 0.578 * fy
fci = tegangan ijin beton balok komposit
Jika fv > 0.2 * fci maka penampang harus diperbesar
Lebar efektif pelat, beff = 1.3919 m
Tebal pelat lantai, h0 = 0.3200 m
Lebar bidang gesek pelat dan balok, bv = 0.5500 m
Titik berat balok - pelat komposit (sisi atas), yac = 0.5258 m
Inersia penampang balok komposit, Ixc = 0.2062 m4

Mutu Beton, K - 500

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 * 1000 fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin beton, fci = 0.3 * fc' fci = 12450.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin geser, fvi= 0.2 * fci fvi = 2490.00 kPa
Mutu Baja, BJTD 40
Tegangan leleh, fy = 390000.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin, fs= 0.578 * fy fs = 225420.00 kPa
Koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak, kf = 1.00
Tulangan shear connector, D = 13.0000 mm
Jumlah besi tulangan, n = 2.0000
Luas tulangan, As = 0.0001327 m2
Luas total tulangan geser, Ast = 0.0002655 m2
Momen statis Sx= beff * h0 * (yac - h0/2) Sx = 0.1629 m2

Gambar. Shear Connector

Perhitungan Jarak Shear Connector,

Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Kontrol Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Diambil
x fvi Jarak
Vi Vi Vi fv fv fv as as as
2490.00 Shear
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) kPa (m) (m) (m) Conector
0 715.6 583.2 507.5 1028 838 729.2 OK (fv < fvi) 0.105803 0.12983449 0.1491997 100
0.5 683.3 559.2 482.9 981.9 803.5 693.9 OK (fv < fvi) 0.110806 0.13540381 0.1568044 100
1 651 535.2 458.3 935.5 769.1 658.5 OK (fv < fvi) 0.116306 0.14147234 0.1652259 100
1.5 618.7 511.2 433.6 889 734.6 623.1 OK (fv < fvi) 0.12238 0.14811035 0.1746034 200
2 586.4 487.2 409 842.6 700.1 587.8 OK (fv < fvi) 0.129124 0.15540196 0.1851093 200
2.5 554.1 463.2 384.4 796.2 665.7 552.4 OK (fv < fvi) 0.136654 0.16344868 0.1969605 200
3 521.8 439.2 359.8 749.8 631.2 517 OK (fv < fvi) 0.145117 0.17237423 0.210433 200
3.5 489.4 415.3 335.2 703.3 596.7 481.7 OK (fv < fvi) 0.154697 0.18233089 0.2258839 200
4 457.1 391.3 310.6 656.9 562.3 446.3 OK (fv < fvi) 0.165631 0.19350829 0.2437835 200
4.5 424.8 367.3 286 610.5 527.8 410.9 OK (fv < fvi) 0.178229 0.20614561 0.2647641 200
5 392.5 343.3 261.4 564 493.3 375.6 OK (fv < fvi) 0.192901 0.22054884 0.2896961 200
5.5 360.2 319.3 236.7 517.6 458.9 340.2 OK (fv < fvi) 0.210205 0.23711595 0.3198117 200
6 327.9 295.3 212.1 471.2 424.4 304.8 OK (fv < fvi) 0.230919 0.25637417 0.3569151 200
6.5 295.6 271.3 187.5 424.7 389.9 269.5 OK (fv < fvi) 0.256163 0.27903717 0.4037576 200
7 263.3 247.4 162.9 378.3 355.5 234.1 OK (fv < fvi) 0.287603 0.30609545 0.464753 200
7.5 231 223.4 138.3 331.9 321 198.7 OK (fv < fvi) 0.32784 0.33896492 0.5474571 200
8 198.6 199.4 113.7 285.4 286.5 163.4 OK (fv < fvi) 0.381167 0.37974289 0.6659679 200
8.5 166.3 175.4 89.08 239 252 128 OK (fv < fvi) 0.455213 0.43167387 0.8499639 200
9 134 151.4 64.47 192.6 217.6 92.64 OK (fv < fvi) 0.564964 0.50005836 1.1744432 200
9.5 101.7 127.4 39.86 146.2 183.1 57.27 OK (fv < fvi) 0.74445 0.59418782 1.8996454 200
10 69.39 103.4 15.25 99.72 148.6 21.91 OK (fv < fvi) 1.091078 0.73197199 4.9662105 200

O. LENDUTAN BALOK
O.1. LENDUTAN BALOK PRESTRESS (SEBELUM KOMPOSIT)
Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 36724215 kPa
Inesria balok, Ix = 0.0645 m4
Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.2062 m4
Panjang bentang, L = 20.0000 m
Gaya prategang awal, Pt1 = 2596.9257 kN
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 485.1275 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.4639 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPt1 = 8 * Pt1 * es / L2 QPt1 = 24.0948 kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 9.7026 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-QPt1 + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = -0.0127 m
OK < L/250

O.1.2. LENDUTAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= 2624.8264 kN
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 485.1275 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.4639 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = 24.3536 kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 9.7026 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = -0.0129 m
OK < L/250

O.1.3. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK SELESAI DICOR (BETON MUDA)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= 2624.8264 kN
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 1239.9275 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.4639 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = 24.3536 kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L2 Qbalok+plat = 24.7986 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi,δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = 0.0004 m
OK < L/250

O.1.4. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK MENJADI KOMPOSIT

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= 2624.8264 kN
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 1239.9275 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.9442 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff= 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = 49.5664 kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L
2
Qbalok+plat = 24.7986 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi,δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δ = -0.0068 m
OK < L/250

Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 36724215 kPa

Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.2062 m4
Panjang bentang, L = 20.0000 m
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= 2624.8264 kN
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.9442 m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.392 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 1.002 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.197 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.785 m2

P.1. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI (MS)

Beban akibat berat sendiri, QMS= 44.0245 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMS = 5/384 * QMS * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMS = 0.0121 m

P.2. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN (MA)

Beban akibat beban mati tambahan, QMA= 3.9480 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMA = 5/384 * QMA * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMA = 0.0011 m
P.3. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PRESTRESS (PR)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= 2624.8264 kN
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.9442 m
Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = 49.5664 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δPR = 5/384 * -QPeff * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δPR = -0.0136 m

P.4. LENDUTAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

P.4.1. Lendutan Akibat Susut (Shrinkage)
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.366 m
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = 1243.875 kN
Beban akibat susut, QPs = 8 * Ps * e's / L2 QPs = 9.1006 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δs = 5/384 * QPs * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δs = 0.0025 m

P.4.2. Lendutan Akibat Rangkak (Creep )

Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai selesai dicor (beton muda), δ1 = 0.0004 m
Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai dan balok menjadi komposit, δ2 = -0.0068 m
Lendutan akibat rangkak δc = δ2 - δ1 δc = -0.0072 m
Lendutan (superposisi) akibat susut dan rangkak, δSR
= δs + δc δSR = -0.0047 m

P.5.a. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD)

Beban merata akibat beban lajur, QTD= 16.6500 kN/m
Beban terpusat akibat beban lajur, PTD= 126.9100 kN
δTD =yang
Lendutan (5/384 * QTD * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc))+(1/48* PTD * L3 / (Ebalok*Ixc))

P.5.b. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK (TT)

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT= 975.0000 kN.m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.0033 m

P.6. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN REM (TB)

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB= 59.3954 kN.m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.0002 m

P.7. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR (ET)

Gaya internal akibat temperatur, S Pt = 1256.0930 kN
Eksentrisitas, ep = 0.3663 m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δET = 0.0642 * SPt * ep * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δET = 0.0016 m

P.8. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)

Beban akibat beban angin, QEW= 30.4920 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEW = 5/384 * QEW * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEW = 0.0084 m

P.9. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)

Beban akibat beban gempa, QEQ= 4.4024 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEQ = 5/384 * QEQ * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEQ = 0.0012 m

P.10. KONTROL LENDUTAN BALOK TERHADAP KOMBINASI BEBAN

Lendutan maksimum yang diijinkan, δ = L / 250 δ = 0.0800 m
Lendutan untuk beban lalu Lintas, δ = L / 800 δ = 0.0250 m

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb. ket.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.0121 0.0011 -0.0047 -0.0136 0.0074 0.0002 0.0024 L/250
OK
L/800
OK
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb. ket.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.0121 0.0011 -0.0047 -0.0136 0.0074 0.0002 0.0016 0.0040 L/250
OK
L/800
OK
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb. ket.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.0121 0.0011 -0.0047 -0.0136 0.0074 0.0002 0.00839 0.0108 L/250
OK
L/800
OK
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb. ket.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.0121 0.0011 -0.0047 -0.0136 0.0074 0.0002 0.0016 0.00839 0.0124 L/250
OK
L/800
OK
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb. ket.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.0121 0.0011 -0.0047 -0.0136 1E-03 -0.003930 L/250
OK
L/800
OK

Q. TINJAUAN ULTIMIT BALOK PRESTRESS

Q.1. KAPASITAS MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

Gambar. Tegangan Regangan Balok

Modulus elastis baja prategang (strands) ASTM A-416 Grade 270, Es = 193000 Mpa
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000 strands
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0001 m2
Tegangan leleh tendon baja prategang, fpy = 1670.0000 Mpa
Tegangan tarik strand, fpu = 1860.000 Mpa
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, Aps = ns * Ast Aps = 0.0021 m2
Mutu Beton, K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 41.50 Mpa
b1 = 0.76
Untuk nilai, L / H : 35 : fps = feff + 150 + fc' / (100 * ρp) ………. Mpa
fps harus ≤ feff + 400 MPa
dan harus ≤ 0.8 * fpy

Panjang balok, L = 20.00 m

Gaya prestress, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Tegangan efektif baja prestress feff = Peff / Aps / 1000 feff = 1266.38 Mpa
Luas penampang balok prategang komposit, Ac = 0.78 m2
Rasio luas penampang baja prestress, ρp = Aps / Ac = ρp = 0.00264

Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi

b1 = 0.550 m h1= 0.075 m h= 1.250 m
b2 = 0.190 m h2 = 0.075 m
b3 = 0.170 m h3 = 1.050 m
b4 = 0.240 m h4 = 0.100 m
b5 = 0.650 m h5 = 0.125 m
Beff = 1.39 m h0 = 0.37 m
Tinggi total balok prategang, H = h + h0 H = 1.62000 m
Ratio, L/H = 12.34568
L/H <35,OK

Letak titik berat tendon baja prategang terhadap alas balok, z0 = 0.10000 m
Tinggi efektif balok, d = H - z0 d = 1.52000 m
Tebal plat jembatan, h0 = 0.37000 m
Diperkirakan, a < ( h0 + h1 + h2 ) a = 0.07816
Gaya tekan beton, Cc = Beff x a x 0.85.fc'
Jarak garis netral terhadap sisi atas, c = a / β1 = c = 0.10312
Regangan baja prestress, εps = 0.003 * (d - c) / c εps =0.04000
NG (εps>0.03)
Cc = gaya internal tekan beton,
Ai = luas penampang tekan beton,
yi = jarak pusat berat penampang tekan beton terhadap pusat berat baja prestress,

TEKAN,
Lebar tebal
H aktual Tekan Kumulatif
No b h Catatan
(m) (m) (m) (kN) (kN)
Pelat 1.39 0.37 0.0781626172 3837.6354545 3837.63545455
1 0.550 0.075 0 0 3837.63545455
Cc= 3837.6354545

TARIK,
Regangan Tegangan Baja
Luas Baja Tarik
Baja Prategang
No Prategang
Prategang fps Ts
A (mm2) εps (Mpa) (kN)
Baja Prategang 2072.70 0.04 1851.5151515152 3837.6354545
Ts = 3837.6354545
Cc = Ts 1
Gaya internal tekan beton, Cc = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' ]
Momen nominal, Mn = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' * yi ]

Q.2. GAYA TEKAN BETON DAN MOMEN NOMINAL

Lebar Tinggi Luas Gaya Lengan thd. Pusat baja Momen
No
(m) (m) (m2) (kN) prestress y(m) (kN.m)
1 1.39 0.08 0.1087919335 3837.6354545 y = d - h0 / 2 1.480919 5683.2260754
Cc = Ts 3837.6354545 M = 5683.2260754

Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur, φ = 0.80000

Kapasitas momen ultimit balok prestress, Mn = φ * M Mn = 4546.5809

R. MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

R.1. MOMEN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK
Gaya internal akibat susut, Ps = ### kN
Eksentrisitas gaya susut terhadap pusat penampang, e' = 0.36582 m
Momen akibat susut, MS = -Ps * e MS = ### kN.m
Momen akibat rangkak, MR = ( Pi - Peff ) * es' MR = 392.56373 kN.m
Momen akibat susut dan rangkak, MSR = MS + MR MSR = -62.46529 kN.m

R.2. MOMEN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur, Pt = ### kN
Eksentrisitas gaya terhadap pusat penampang balok, ep' = 0.36630 m
Momen akibat pengaruh temperatur Met = Pt * ep' Met = 460.112 kN.m

R.3. MOMEN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya Prategang efektif, Peff = 2624.83 kN
Eksentrisitas tendon, e's = 0.94418 m
Momen akibat gaya prategang, MPr = -Peff * e's MPr = -2478.32 kN.m

R.4. RESUME MOMEN BALOK

Momen Momen Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Faktor
Aksi / Beban Faktor
M kN.m Mu kN.m
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri KMS 1.3 MMS 2201.22402 MMS * KMS 2861.5912
Beban mati tambahan KMA 2 MMA 197.4 MMA * KMA 394.8
Susut Rangkak KSR 1 MSR -62.46529 MSR * KSR -62.46529
Beban Prategang KPR 1 MPR -2478.32 MPR * KPR -2478.32
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" KTD 1.8 MTD 1467.050 MTD * KTD 2640.69
Beban Truk "TT" KTT 1.8 MTT 975.000 MTT * KTT 1755
Beban Gaya rem KTB 1.8 MTB 59.395 MTB * KTB 106.9117
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur KET 1.2 MET 460.112 MET * MET 552.13493
Beban angin KEW 1.2 MEW 214.972 MEW * KEW 257.9661
Beban Gempa KEQ 1 MEQ 220.122402 MEQ * KEQ 220.1224

R.5. KONTROL KOMBINASI MOMEN ULTIMIT

Kapasitas Momen balok, Mn = 4546.58 kN.m

MomenBer SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult ket.
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 2861.6 394.8 -62.5 -2478.3 2640.7 106.9 3463.2 OK!!

MomenBer SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult ket.
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 2861.6 394.8 -62.5 -2478.3 2640.7 106.9 552.1 4015.3 OK!!
MomenBer SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult ket.
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 2861.6 394.8 -62.5 -2478.3 2640.7 106.9 258.0 3721.2 OK!!

MomenBer SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult ket.
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 2861.6 394.8 -62.5 -2478.3 2640.7 106.9 552.1 258.0 4273.3 OK!!

MomenBer SendiriMati tambSusut-rangPrategangLajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult ket.
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 2861.6 394.8 -62.5 -2478.3 220.1 935.7 OK!!

S. PERHITUNGAN DAN PERENCANAAN PERLETAKAN

Data Reaksi ,
Gaya geser maksimum, RU-MAX = Gaya geser maksimum Ultimet RU-MAX = 982.2367 kN
Gaya geser akibat beban hidup kondisi servis, DL-SERV = VMA + VMS DL-SERV = 479.72480 kN
L
Gaya geser akibat beban mati kondisi servis,
L-SERV
= VTD
+ VTT
+ VTB + VEW + VEQ LL-SERV = 450.16737 kN
Panjang bentang, L = 20.00000 m
Modulus elatisitas balok, E = 3.67E+07 kPa
Inersia balok komposit, Ixc = 0.20615 m4
Beban merata, W SLS 1
= QMS + QMA + QTD + QEQ w SLS 1 = 69.02493 kN/m
θsx =1/24 * WSLS1 * L3 / (E * Ixc) θsx = 0.00304 rad

Tebal penutup elastometer, hrcover = 5.00 mm
Tebal layer internal elastometer, hrinternal = 8.75 mm
Jumlah layer pengaku baja, Nstlayers = 5.00
Tebal pengaku baja, hreinf = 3.00 mm
htotal = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal + Nstlayer * hreinf
Total thickness, htotal = 60.00 mm

S.2. PROPERTI MATERIAL

Kekakuan elastometer, H shoreA
= 50
Shear modulus, G = 0.66 Mpa
Defleksi rangkak 25 tahun/defleksi seketika, Cd = 0.25
Kuat leleh baja, Fy = 345 Mpa

S.3. PENGECEKAN FAKTOR BENTUK

Faktor bentuk butuh, Vr = 0.7 * hrinternal Vr = 6.125 mm
syarat, Vr > hrcover OK!!
faktor bentuk bagian dalam, + Wpad)) Sint = 10.666667

S.4. PENGECEKAN TEGANGAN KONDISI TEKAN

Tegangan tekan kondisi SLS, σs = 7.0159766 Mpa
1.G.Sint = 7.04 Mpa
σs < (1 * G * Sint) OK!!
Tegangan tekan akibat beban hidup, σL = 3.2154812 Mpa

S.5. PENGECEKAN DEFLEKSI

Instantaneous compressive bearing strain mx stress 6.2 Mpa, εint = 0.04
δint = 2 * εint * hrcover + hrinternal * (Nstlayer-1) * εint
Instantaneous deflection, δint = 1.8 mm
Assumption of creep deflection value, δcreep = δint * Cd δcreep = 0.45 mm
Total compressive deflection, δtotal = δint + δcreep δtotal = 2.25 mm
δrint = δtotal /(Nstlayer
Compressive deflection for each internal layer, - 1) δrint = 0.5625 mm
Maximum allowable compressive deflection, 0.07 hrint = 0.6125 mm
δrint < 0.07 * hrint OK!!
S.6. PENGECEKAN ROTASI
Rotation check ensure that no point in the bearing undergoes net uplif σs = 6.2 MPa
Service rotation due to SLS 1 θsx = 0.00304 rad
Cek Service rotationθ = 0.5 * G * Sint * (Lpad / hrint ) * θsx / (Nstlayer)
2
θ = 3.4232055 MPa
θ < σs OK!!

S.7. PENGECEKAN STABILITAS

Tebal total, htotal = 60.00000 mm
S.8. CHECK STEEL REINFORCEMENT
Limit hreinf = 3.00000
Limit =3 * hmax * σs/fy Limit = 0.5338243
hreinf ≥ 3 * hmax * σs/fy OK!!
Fatigue limit ΔFTH = 165 Mpa
Limit =2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH Limit = 0.3410359
hreinf ≥ 2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH OK!!

S.8. PENGECEKAN DEFORMASI GESER

Akibat Temperatur,
Temperatur maksimum rata-rata, Tmax = 40 o
C
Temperatur minimum rata-rata, Tmin = 15 o
C
Perbedaan temperatur, ΔT = (Tmax - Tmin)/2 ΔT = 12.5 o
C
Koefisien muai panjang beton, α = 0.000011 / oC
Panjang Jembatan, L0 = 20.60 m
Deformasi jembatan akibat temperatur, Δt= ΔT * α * L0 * 1000 Δt = 2.8325 mm

Akibat susut dan rangkak,

Regangan akibat susut, εcst = 0.000259
Regangan akibat rangkak, εcct = 0.00044
Regangan total , εcs = εcst + εcct εcs = 0.00069
Deformasi jembatan akibat sr, Δcs = εcs * L0 * 1000 Δcs = 14.296393

Akibat prategang,
Deformasi akibat pengangkuran (diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain Δac = 0
(Diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain)

Deformasi horisontal total, Δs = Δac + Δcs + Δt Δs = 17.128893

ƔTU = 1.2
2*Δs*ƔTU = 41.109343

hrt = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal hrt = 45 mm

hrt > 2.Δs.Ɣ TU - OK
Dimensi
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
lkan suatu beban pada balok (girder)
jembatan. Beban mati tambahan

stributed Load), UDL dan beban garis

ng total L yang dibebani lalu lintas
sebut dianggap bekerja horisontal dalam
aan (Berdasarkan RSNI T-02-2005)

diperhitungkan sebagai gaya

a rem arah memanjang jembatan

a relatif kecil

sis tegangan.
puan

2- x)
2- x)
- x)
- x)

2- x)
- x)

et
ULS 6

1.3
2

et
ULS 6

2862
394.8

975
220.1

4452
et
ULS 6

572.3
78.96

142.5

44.02

837.8

m (1/2")
Tendon
Tendon
Strand
Strand
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
3
Web [1]
Web [2]

bat jacking

penegangan (jacking),

rategang, kN.

l sebesar 0.0001 - 0.0006 rad/m

at sendiri :
ah pengecoran (hari)

etap. Dalam hal koefisien Øcc(t), bila

40-60
2.00
% UTS
90.000
87.300
81.530
78.819
68.041
24.399

as Tegangan
ton K -500
(Mpa)

1.440

-19.920

3.221

-18.675

-24.900
σcr
kPa
365.724
-107.037
-1953.76
sut + Rangkak
kPa
790.396
1023.948
1936.260
Momen
Mpt
kN.m
460.737
0.350593
-0.97515
460.1124

f bc
(kPa)

11149.351
999.845
1936.260
-15898.092

7430.709
4938.442
300.842

-2128.157
1088.847
1114.935

ket.

OK!!
OK!!
NG!!

ket.

OK!!
OK!!
NG!!

ket.

OK!!
OK!!
NG!!

ket.

OK!!
OK!!
NG!!

ket.

OK!!
OK!!
OK!!
Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0267544
0.0083518
0.0317417
0.0668479
Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0163745
0.0097338
0.0407395
0.0668479
Pers. 9
as
(m)
0.031771
0.048443
0.070068
0.097642
0.132459
0.176226
0.231225
0.30057
0.388592
0.501466
0.648234
0.842566
1.105925
1.473575
2.006778
2.819716
4.145578
6.523602
11.44668
24.43127
81.35443
Pers. 9
as
(m)
0.031771
0.023762
0.016713
0.010723
0.005917
0.002448
0.000457
0.000533
0.003073
0.008453
0.017669
0.032103
0.053909
0.086615
0.136355
0.214555
0.344554
0.580325
1.071295
2.369642
8.066677

gan rumus :
Diambil
Jarak
Shear
Conector
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
ket.

L/250
OK
L/800
OK

ket.

L/250
OK
L/800
OK

ket.

L/250
OK
L/800
OK
ket.

L/250
OK
L/800
OK

ket.

L/250
OK
L/800
OK

strands
Momen
(kN.m)
5683.2260754
5683.2260754
ket.

OK!!

ket.

OK!!
ket.

OK!!

ket.

OK!!

ket.

OK!!
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
EAST NUSA TENGGARA CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: EAST NUSA TENGGARA DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : COMPOSITE STEEL GIRDGER CALCULATION

ITEM Symbol Dimension

Total width of bridge Btot = 22.10
Width of traffic lane b1 = 6.70
Lebar median jalan, b2 = 2.50
Width of sidewalk b3 = 2.80
Width of barrier b4 = 0.30
Thickness of sidewalk tt = 0.29
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.05
Thickness of concrete deck slab ts = 0.20
Thickness of presstress slab tpc = 0.05
Thickness of water layer th = 0.10
Height of steel girder hb = 0.90
Height of composite steel girder hc = 1.10
Total height of bridge ha = 2.70
Total length of bridge Ltot = 25.00
Clear span of bridge L = 25.00
Distance of steel girder s = 1.60

Material Symbol Density (kN/m3)

Steel Ws = 77.00
Reinforcement concrete Wc' = 24.00
Asphalt Wasphalt = 23.00
Water Ww = 9.80

GIRDER DIMENSION

Symbol Dimension Symbol Dimension

b1 = 0.300 m h1= 0.028 m
b2 = 0.000 m h2 = 0.000 m
b3 = 0.016 m h3 = 0.844 m
b4 = 0.000 m h4 = 0.000 m
b5 = 0.300 m h5 = 0.028 m
h = 0.900 m
B. MATERIAL DATA
1. CONCRETE DECK SLAB
Concrete deck slab quality K - 250 kg/cm2
Concrete compressive strength (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1) fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.750 Mpa
Modulus elasticity of concrete Ep = 4700* √ fc' atau Ep = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 21409.519 Mpa
Poisson Ratio (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.5) υ = 0.200
Shear Modulus G = E / (2 * ( 1 + υ )) G = 8920.633 Mpa
Coefficient of thermal expansion (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.2) α = 0.000011 /°C

2. STEEL GIRDER
BJ - 50
Steel girder quality fu = 500 Mpa
Steel yield strength fy = 290 Mpa
Modulus elasticity of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) Es = 200000 Mpa
Poisson Ratio υ = 0.3
Shear Modulus G = 83333.33 Mpa
Elongation Coefficient of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) α = 0.00001 /°C

3. STEEL REINFORCEMENT
For reinforcement bar D > 12 mm, Type = BJTD 40
For reinforcement bar D <= 12 mm, Type = BJTP 24
Yield strength Fy = 390 Mpa
Ultimit strength Fu = 500 Mpa

C. CROSS SECTION CALCULATION

C.1. EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF DECK SLAB

Fig. 3 Effective width of deck slab

Effective width of slab (Be) is taken as the smallest of: L/4 = 6.250 m
(AASHTO LRFD 4.6.2.6.1) s = 1.600 m
12*ho = 2.400 m
Effective width of deck slab taken Be = 1.600 m
Compressive strength of concrete slab fc (slab)
' = 0.83* K /10 fc (slab)' = 20.750 Mpa
Modulus elasticity of concrte slab Eslab = 21409.519 Mpa
Modular ratio (AASHTO LRFD 6.10.1.1.1) n = Esteel / Eslab n = 9.342
Effective area width of deck slab Beff = n * Be Beff = 14.947 m
C.2. SECTION PROPERTIES OF STEEL GIRDER

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth bottom fiber Static bottom fiber
No I0 =1/12*b*h3
b h N A = b * h * N y A * y A * y2
m m buah m
2
m m 3
m 4
m4
1 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.886 0.0074424 0.0065940 0.0000005
2 0.016 0.844 1 0.014 0.450 0.0060768 0.0027346 0.0008016
3 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.014 0.0001176 0.0000016 0.0000005
Total 0.030304 0.0136368 0.0093301728 0.000802713

Total depth of steel girder hb = 0.900 m

Section area of steel girder A = 0.030 m2
Thickness of concrete deck slab ho = 0.200 m
Effective width of slab Beff = 14.947 m
Center of gravity (bottom fiber) yb = S A* y / S A yb = 0.450 m
Center of gravity (top fiber) ya = hb - yb ya = 0.450 m
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ib = S A* y2 + S Io Ib = 0.010 m4
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of section Ix = Ib - A * yb2 Ix = 0.004 m4
Section modulus of top fiber Wa = Ix / ya Wa = 0.009 m3
Section modulus of bottom fiber Wb = Ix / yb Wb = 0.009 m3

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area bottom fiber Static bottom fiber Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth
No Ac = b * h * N Ac * y Ac * y 2
Ico =1/12*b*h3
b h N y
m m buah m2 m m3 m4 m4
0 1.600 0.200 1 0.034 1.000 0.0342552 0.0342552 0.0001142
1 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.886 0.0074424 0.0065940 0.0000005
2 0.016 0.844 1 0.014 0.450 0.0060768 0.0027346 0.0008016
3 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.014 0.0001176 0.0000016 0.0000005
Total 0.065 0.0478920 0.0435854 0.0009169

Tinggi total balok komposit, hc = 1.100 m

Cross section area of composite section Ac = 0.065 m2
Distance neutral axis to bottom steel ybc = S Ac* y / S Ac ybs = 0.742 m
Distance neutral axis to top concrete ytc = hc - ybs ytc = 0.358 m
Distance neutral axis to top steel yts = h - ybs yts = 0.158 m
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ibc = S Ac* y2 + S Ico Ibc = 0.045 m4
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of composite section Ixc = Ibc - Ac * ybc2 Ixc = 0.009 m4
Section modulus at top slab Wac = Ixc / yac Wac = 0.025 m3
Section modulus at top girder W' ac
= Ixc / (yac - h0)
W'ac = 0.057 m3
Section modulus at bottom girder Wbc = Ixc / ybc Wbc = 0.012 m3

D.1. SELF WEIGHT (MS)
D.1.1. DIAPHRAGM

Fig 6. Cross Section of Diaphragm

Diaphragm size :
Cross section area 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) A1 = 0.0019 m2
Length 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) L1 = 3.128 m
Cross section area 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) A2 = 0.0007 m2
Length 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) L2 = 1.996 m
Weight of each diaphragm W = (A1 * L1 * A2 * L2)* Ws W = 0.564 kN
Number of diphragm n = 6.000 bh
Total weight of diaphragm Wdiaphragma = W * n Wdiaphragm = 3.383 kN
Span length L = 25.000 m
Distance of diaphragm x3 = 10.000
x2 = 6.000 m
x1 = 2.000 m
Maximum moment Mmax = (Wdiafragma/2 * L/2) - (W * X1) - (W *X1) - (W *X2) - (W *X3) Mmax = 10.995 kNm
Equivalent weight of diaphragm Qeq = Mmax * 8 / (L^2) Qeq = 0.141 kN/m

D.1.2. STEEL GIRDER

Length of girder L = 25.000 m
Cross section area A = 0.030 m2
Weigth of girder + 10% Wbalok = L * A * Wc Wbalok = 64 kN
Qbalok = Wbalok / L Qbalok = 2.567 kN/m

D.2. SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT DOE TO SELF WEIGHT (MS)
Gambar. Sket Beban Berat Sendiri dan Komponen Beban
Total load doe to self weight QMS = A * W kN/m
Span length L = 25.000 m
Shear force doe to self weight VMS = 1/2*QMS *L kN
Bending moment doe to self weight MMS = 1/8*QMS*L2 kN.m

Width Thick Area Weigth Load Shear Moment

No Self Weigth Load b h A W QMS VMS MMS
m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Steel Girder 2.6 32.08 200.53
2 Deck slab 1.60 0.20 0.32 24.00 7.7 96.00 600.00
3 Diphragm 0.1 1.76 10.99
4 Median (concrete) 0.1632 22.00 3.6 44.88 281
5 Median (filling) 0.2 16.00 3.2 40.00 250
Total 17.18 174.72 1,092

Beban akibat accesoris (Median, Rangka Accesoris)

3.59 kN

Span length L = 25.000 m
Shear force doe to superimposed dead load VMA = 1/2*QMA *L kN

Width Thickness Area Weight Load Shear Moment

m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Asphalt + overlay 1.60 0.05 0.08 23.00 1.840 23 143.75
2 Rain water 1.60 0.10 0.16 9.80 1.568 19.6 122.5
4 M&E Accessories 0.1 1.25 7.8125
Total 3.508 43.85 274.06

The lae load cnsist of :
- Uniform disributed load (UDL)of intensty q kpa, where q depnd on he total loaded of length as
q= 8 kPa For L ≤ 30 m (BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.b) :
q = 8.0*(0.5 + 15/L)kPa L > 30 m

or
q = 3.1 kPa (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.1.2.4)

- Knife Edge Load (KEL) of p kN/m,placed in any position along the bridge prependicular to the
traffic direction (BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.b)
p = 44 kN/m

- Dinamic Load Allowance is applied to th "D" lane, "KEL" as follow(BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.d)
DLA = 0.4 for L ≤ 50 m
DLA = 0.4 - 0.0025*(L - 50) for 50 < L < 90 m
DLA = 0.3 for L ≥ 90 m

Span length L = 25.000 m

Distance of girder s = 1.600 m
Uniform distributed load L <= 30, q = 9; L> 30, q = 9 * (0.5+15/L) q = 8.000 kPa
Uniform load at the girder QTD = q * s QTD = 12.800 kN/m
Knife load P = 44.000 kN/m
Dynamic load alowance DLA = 0.400
Point load at the girder PTD = (1+DLA) * P * s PTD = 98.560 kN
Intenal force doe to lane load:
Shear force VTD = 1/2*QTD*L + 1/2*PTD VTD = 209.280 kN
Bending Moment MTD
= 1/8*Q TD
*L2 + 1/4* PTD * L MTD = 1616.000 kN.m

Gambar. Beban Truk Pada Struktur dan Beban Roda Truk

Length span L = 25.000 m

Distance of girder s = 1.600 m
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.400
Front tire load P1 = 25.000 kN
Distance P1 to the mid span XP1 = -4.000 m
Mid tire load P2 = 112.500 kN
Distance P2 to the mid span XP2 = 0.000 m
Rear tire load P3 = 112.500 kN
Distance P3 to the mid span XP3 = 4.000 m
Internal force doe to truck load:
Shear force at point B VP1 = P1 * ((L/2+ XP1)/L) VP1 = 8.500 kN
Bending moment at point B MP1 = VP1 *L/2 MP1 = 106.250 kN.m
Gay Shear force at point B VP2 = P2/2 VP2 = 56.250 kN
Gay Bending moment at point B MP2 = VP2 * L/2 MP2 = 703.125 kN.m
Shear force at point B VP3 = P3 * ((L/2 + XP3)/L) VP3 = 74.250 kN
Bending moment at point B MP3 = VP3 * L/2- P3*XP3 MP3 = 478.125 kN.m
Total internal force doe to truck load
Total shear force at point B VTT = 139.000 kN
Total Bending Moment at point B MTT = 1287.500 kN.m

- 25 % of the axle weight of design truck (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4)

- 5 % of design truck + lane load

- TB = 250 kN For Lt ≤ 80 m (BMS Bride Desig Manual table 2.1.3) :

- TB = 250 + 2.5 * (Lt - 80) kN For 80 < Lt < 180 m
- TB = 500 kN For Lt ≥ 180 m

Span Length L = 25.000 m

Number of girder Nbalok = 5.000 bh
Distance of girder s = 1.600 m
Braking force base on BMS HTB = 250.000 kN
Braking force for L<= 80 m TTB = HTB / Nbalok TTB = 50.000 kN
Lane load QTD = q *s QTD = 12.800 kN/m
= P * s PTD = 70.400 kN
Braking force base on AASHTO LRFD 5% of lane load + knife load TTB = 19.520 kN
Braking force taken TTB = Maximum value of BMS and AASHTO TTB = 50.000 kN
Center gravity of composite section (top fiber) yac = 0.358 m
Asphalt thickness ha = 0.050 m
Braking force (1.8 m above the roadway surface) AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4 x0 = 1.800 m
Distance to c.o.g of girder y = yac + ha + x0 y = 2.208 m
Moment doe to braking force M = TTB * y M = 110.408 kNm
Internal force doe to braking force
Shear force at the end span VTB = M / L VTB = 4.416 kN
Bending moment at the mid span MTB = 1/2* M MTB = 55.204 kNm
D.6. WIND LOAD AT VEHICLE "EW"

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0012 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
Where :
CW = Drag Coeffiicient
VW = Design wind speed (m/sec)
Ab = Vertical plan area of the vehicle (m2)

Drag Coeffiicient CW = 1.200

Design wind speed VW = 35.000 m/s
Length of truck Ptruk = 8.000 m
Height of truck htruk = 2.750 m
Vertical plan area of the vehicle Ab = 22.000
Wind load TEW = 38.808 kN
Concentrated of wind load at 2.75 in height above deck slab
h = 2.750 m
Distance of tire x = 1.750 m
Wind load transfered to deck QEW = 1/2*h /x *TEW QEW = 30.492 kN
Length of bridge L = 25.000 m
Shear force and bending moment doe to wind load
Position of vehicle is assumed at mid span
Maximum shear at end span VEW = 1/2 * QEW VEW = 15.246 kN
Maximum bending moment at md span MEW = 1/4 * QEW * L MEW = 190.575 kNm

D.7. WIND LOAD AT BRIDGE STRUCTURE

Horizontal Additional load doe to wind at the bridge structure as follow:

[kN]

Drag coefficeint CW = 2.100

Design wind speed VW = 35.000 m/s
Vertical height plan of the truck ha = 2.700 m
= 0.0006 *CW*VW2*ha TEW H = 4.167 kN/m

Vertical wind load (30% of horizontal wind load) TEW V= 30% * TEW H TEW V
= 1.250 kN/m

Vertical earthquake load is determined using the downward vertical acceleration of 0.1 g
Design vertical earthquake force QEQ = 2.069 kN/m

D. INTERNAL FORCE RESUME

Q P
Symbol Factor
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Weight of girder Balok - 2.57 - - -
2 Weight of deck slab Pelat - 7.68 - - -
3 Self weight MS 1.3 17.18 - - -
5 Lane Load "D" TD 1.8 - - 1616.000 209.280
6 Truck Load "T" TT 1.8 - - 1287.500 139.000
7 Braking Force TB 1.8 - - 55.204 4.416
8 Wind pressure at vehicle EWM 1.2 - - 190.575 15.246
9 Wind pressure at structure EWS 1.2 1.25 - - -
10 Earthquake load EQ 1 2.07 - - -
E. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER
E.1. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE FORMULA
Maximum bending moment is determined at the mid span, and maximum shear force at the end span
Span length L = 25.000 m

No Kind of Loading Bending Moment At The Mid Span Shear Force At The End Span

1 Weight of girder Mx = 1/2 * Qgirder * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qgirderk * (L/2- x)

2 Weight of deck slab Mx = 1/2 * Qslab * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qslab * (L/2- x)
3 Self weight Mx = 1/2 * QMS * (L*x- x ) 2
Vx = QMS * (L/2- x)
4 Superimposed dead load Mx = 1/2 * QMA * (L*x- x2) Vx = QMA * (L/2- x)
5 Lane Load "D" Mx = MTD Vx =VTD
6 Truck Load "T" Mx = MTT Vx =VTT
7 Braking Force Mx = MTB Vx =VTB
8 Wind pressure at vehicle Mx = MEWM Vx =VEWM
9 Wind pressure at structure Mx = 1/2 * QEWS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEWS * (L/2- x)
10 Earthquake load Mx = 1/2 * QEQ * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEQ * (L/2- x)

E.2. BENDING MOMENT AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab Self Add. dead Lane Truck Braking Wind Wind Quake
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12.5 200.5 600 1342.0221 274.0625 1616.000 1287.500 55.204 190.575 97.674609 161.6084595161

E.3. SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab Self Add. dead Lane Truck Braking Wind Wind Quake
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN
0 32.08 96 214.72354 43.85 209.280 139.000 4.416 15.246 15.627938 25.8573535226
12.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 1 1 1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Superimposed dead load MA 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1 1.8 1 1
Truck load "T" TT 1 1.8 1
Braking Force TB 1 1 1.8 1.8 1 1
Wind load vehicle EWM 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
Wind load structure EWS 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
C. Special Action

E.5. BENDING MOMENT COMBINANTION (kN.m)

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 1342.02 1342.022 1342 1745 1745 1744.63 1745 1744.6287237
Superimposed dead load MA 274.063 274.0625 274.06 548.1 548.1 548.125 548.1 548.125
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1616 2909 1616 1616
Truck load "T" TT 1287.5 2318 1288
Braking Force TB 55.2042 55.20423 99.37 99.37 55.2042 55.2
Wind load vehicle EWM 190.58 190.6 190.6 228.69 228.7
Wind load structure EWS 97.675 97.67 97.67 117.21 117.2
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 3287.29 2958.789 1904.3 5589 4998 4309.86 3981 4070.3621832
E.6. SHEAR FORCE COMBINANTION (kN)
Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 214.724 214.7235 214.72 279.1 279.1 279.141 279.1 279.14059579
Superimposed dead load MA 43.85 43.85 43.85 87.7 87.7 87.7 87.7 87.7
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 209.28 376.7 209.28 209.28
Truck load "T" TT 139 250.2 139
Braking Force TB 4.41634 4.416338 7.949 7.949 4.41634 4.416
Wind load vehicle EWM 15.246 15.25 15.25 18.2952 18.3
Wind load structure EWS 15.628 15.63 15.63 18.7535 18.75
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 472.27 401.9899 289.45 782.4 655.9 617.586 547.3 601.97794932

F. STEEL GIRDER ULTIMATE STRENGTH

F.1. Steel Girder Analysis and Design During Construction (Non-Composite)

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 1,879 kN.m

Ultimate shear force Vu = 300.6 kN

Material Spesification

Steel Girder
Yield strength fy = 290 Mpa
Modulus of Easticity Es = 200,000 Mpa
Yield strain es = 0.00145

Concrete Deck Slab

Yield strength f'c = 20.75 Mpa
Modulus of Easticity Ec = 21,409.52 Mpa
Maximum strain ec = 0.003 kN

Cross Section Dimension

Steel Girder
Top flange width bc = 300 mm
Top flange thickness tc = 28 mm
Top flange area Ac = 8,400 mm2
Bottom flange width bt = 300 mm
Bottom flange thickeness tt = 28 mm
Bottom flange area At = 8,400 mm2
Web height hw = 844 mm
Web thickness tw = 16 mm
Web area Aw = 13,504 mm2

Concreten deck slab

Average slab thicness ts = 200 mm
Effective width of slab Beff = 1,600 mm

Section Properties (Non-composite)

Center of gravity Ycg = 450 mm
Moment of inertia at strong axis Ix = 3,996,325,845 mm4
Tension section modulus Sxt = 8,880,724 mm3
Compression section modulus Sxc = 8,880,724 mm3

Flexural Strength
Flexure resistant factor (AASHTO LRFD 6.5.4.2) ff = 1.00
Nominal flexural resistance (Mn = ff.Sx.fy) (AASHTO LRFD 6.11.7.1-1) Mn = 2,575 kN.m
Check flexural ratio f = 1.37
SECTION OK
F.2. Steel Girder Analysis and Design During Service (Composite)
Ultimate force due to service load

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 3,287 kN.m

Ultimate shear force Vu = 472.3 kN

Material Spesification

Steel Girder
Yield strength fy = 290 Mpa
Modulus of Easticity Es = 200,000 Mpa
Yield strain es = 0.00145

Concrete Deck Slab

Yield strength f'c = 20.75 Mpa
Modulus of Easticity Ec = 21,409.52 Mpa
Maximum strain ec = 0.00 kN

Cross Section Dimension

Steel Girder
Top flange width bc = 300 mm
Top flange thickness tc = 28 mm
Top flange area Ac = 8,400 mm2
Bottom flange width bt = 300 mm
Bottom flange thickeness tt = 28 mm
Bottom flange area At = 8,400 mm2
Web height hw = 844 mm
Web thickness tw = 16 mm
Web area Aw = 13,504 mm2

Concreten deck slab

Average slab thicness ts = 200 mm
Effective width of slab Beff = 1,600 mm

Section Properties (composite)

Center of gravity Ycg = - mm
Moment of inertia at strong axis Ix = - mm4
Tension section modulus Sxt = 12,097,789 mm3
Compression section modulus Sxc = 25,056,636 mm3

Flexural Strength
Flexure resistant factor (AASHTO LRFD 6.5.4.2) ff = 1.00
Nominal flexural resistance (Mn = ff.Sx.fy) (AASHTO LRFD 6.11.7.1-1) Mn = 3,508 kN.m
Check flexural ratio f = 1.07
SECTION OK

G. Deflection Calculation
F.3. Lateral Torsional Buckling Analysis

Unbraced length Lb = 4,167 mm

Minimun yield strength of the compression flange Fyc = 290 Mpa
Full width of the flange bfc = 300 mm
Depth of the web in compression Dc = 844 mm
Thickness of compression flange tfc = 28 mm
Thickness of web tw = 16 mm
Compression flange stress at onset of nominal yielding Fyr = 203 Mpa
(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Effective radius of gyration for lateral torsional buckling (mm)
(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
rt = 69.88 mm

Limiting unbraced length to achieve nominal flexural resistance

(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Lp = 1,835.14 mm

Limiting unbraced length to achieve the onset nominal yielding

(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Lr = 6,890.80 mm

Hybrid ratio Rh = 1.00

Shedding factor Rb = 1.00
Slendernes ratio lf = 5.36
Limiting slenderness ratio lpf = 11.93
Moment gradient modifier Cb = 1.02
Lateral torsional buckling resistance Fnc = 253.88 Mpa

Sxc = -

F. GAYA PRATEGANG, EKSENTRISITAS DAN JUMLAH TENDON

F.1. KONDISI AWAL (SAAT TRANSFER)
Mutu beton, K - 250 kg/cm2
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 20750 kPa
Kuat tekan beton saat transfer, fci' = #REF! kPa
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3
Luas penampang balok prategang, A = 0.030 m2

Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.100 m

Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350 m
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.527 kN.m
Tegangan di serat atas, 0 = -Pt/A + Pt *es /Wa - Mbalok / Wa
Tegangan di serat bawah, 0.6 fci' = -Pt/a - Pt* es /Wb + Mbalok/Wb
Besarnya gaya prategang awal,
Dari persamaan (1), Pt = Mbalok/(es- Wa/A) Pt1 = 3521.390 kN
Dari persamaan (2), Pt = [ 0.6*fci' * Wb + Mbalok] / (Wb/A + es) Pt2 = #REF! kN
Diambil gaya prategang, Pt = Min ( Pt1 ; Pt2) Pt = #REF! kN

F.2. KONDISI AKHIR

Jenis strand #REF!
Tegangan leleh strand fpy = 500000 kPa
Kuat tarik strand fpu = 290000 kPa
Diameter nominal strands Dn = 200.000 m (1/2")
Luas tampang nominal satu strands Ast = 3.00E-07 m2
Beban putus minimal satu strands (100% UTS ) Pbs = 83333.330 kN
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) ns = 9.000 bh
Diameter selubung ideal Dselubung = #REF! mm
Luas tampang strands Ast = ns * Ast Ast = 0.00000 m2
Beban putus satu tendon Pb1 = Pbs * ns Pb1 = 749999.970 kN
Modulus elastis strands Es = #REF! kPa
Tipe angkur #REF!
Gaya prategang awal Pt = #REF! kN
Beban putus satu tendon : Pb1 = 749999.970 kN
Beban putus minimal satu strand : Pbs = 83333.330 kN
Maka jumlah tendon yg diperlukan : nt = Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pb1) nt = #REF! Tendon
diambil jumlah tendon ns= Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pbs) nt = #REF! Tendon
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) yg diperlukan ns = #REF! Strand
Maka diambil ns = 27.000 Strand
#REF!

Posisi Baris Tendon

nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Persentase tegangan leleh yang timbul pada baja (% jacking force) :

P0 = Pt / (0.85* ns * Pbs) P0 = #REF!
#REF!
Penarikan tendon awal, P0 = 70.00% kN
Gaya prategang yang terjadi akibat jacking Pj = P0 * ns * Pbs Pj = 1574999.937 kN
Diperkirakan kehilangan tegangan (los of prestress) = % loss = 25 %
Gaya prategang akhir setelah kehilangan tegangan (loss of prestress) sebesar :
Peff = Pj * (100 % -% loss) Peff = 1181249.95275 kN

F.3. PEMBESIAN BALOK PRATEGANG

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm
Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323 m2
Luas tampang bagian bawah, A Bawah
= b5 * h5 + 1/2* b4 * h4 + b3 * h4 ABawah = #REF! m2
Luas tulangan bagian bawah, AS Bawah
= 0.5 % A Bawah
AS Bawah
= #REF! m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n perlu
= #REF! buah
Maka digunakan tulangan, #REF! D 13

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323 m2
Luas tampang bagian atas A Atas
= b1 * h1 + 1/2 *b2 * h2 * 2 + b3 * h2 Aatas = #REF! m2
Luas tulangan bagian atas AS Atas
= 0.5 % A Atas
AS atas
= #REF! m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= #REF! m2
Maka digunakan tulangan #REF! D 13 buah

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13 mm

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323 m2
= b3 * (h3-h2-h4) ABadan = #REF! m2
= #REF! m2
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= #REF! m2
Maka digunakan tulangan #REF! D 13 buah

F.4. POSISI TENDON

Posis tendon di tengah bentang Posis tendon di tumpuan

F.5. POSISI TENDON DI TENGAH BENTANG

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-1 a = 0.1000 m
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 3 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 18 Strands
Total nt = 1 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Eksentrisitas es = 0.35 m
Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.1000 m
yd = jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon
Momen statis tendon terhadap alas, ns * Z0 = n1 * yd
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon yd = 2.7000 m
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon pakai, yd = 0.1000 m
Diameter selubung tendon, D = #REF! m
Jarak vertikal antara selubung tendon, yd - D = #REF! m
#REF!

F.6. POSISI TENDON DI TUMPUAN

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-4 : a' = 0.4000 m
Posisi Baris Tendon
nt1 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 21 Strands

ye = Letak titik berat terhadap pusat tendon terbawah

Letak titik berat penampang balok terhadap alas, yb = 0.4500 m
Momen statis tendon terhadap pusat tendon terbawah :
ni yd' ni * yd'
7 0 0
7 1 7
7 2 14
Sni * yd' / yd' 21

Sni * yd' = ns * ye
ye/yd' = [Sni * yd' / yd']/ns ye/yd ' = 1.0000
ye = yb - a' ye = 0.0500
yd ' min
= ye / [ye/yd'] yd' = 0.0500
yd' = 0.3000
Z0 = a' + ye = yb Z0 = 0.4500
F.7. EKSENTRISITAS MASING - MASING TENDON

Nomor Tendon Posisi Tendon Tumpuan , X = 0 Zi '

(m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = a' + 2 yd' 1.000
2 Z2' = a' + yd' 0.700
3 Z1' = a' 0.400
Nomor Tendon
Posisi Tendon Lapangan , X = 12.5 Zi (m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = yd 0.100
2 Z2' = a 0.100
3 Z3' = a 0.100
Nomor Tendon fi = Zi' - Zi fi (m)
1 f1 =Z1' -Z1 0.900
2 f2 =Z2' -Z2 0.600
3 f3 =Z3' -Z3 0.300

F.8. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (CABLE)

Panjang Balok Prategang L0 = 25.0000 m
Eksentrisitas es = 0.3500 m
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Nilai konstanta, f = es f = 0.3500 m

x y x y x y
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
-0.3 -0.017 6.9 0.280 14.1 0.344
0 0.000 7.2 0.287 14.4 0.342
0.3 0.017 7.5 0.294 14.7 0.339
0.6 0.033 7.8 0.301 15 0.336
0.9 0.049 8.1 0.307 15.3 0.332
1.2 0.064 8.4 0.312 15.6 0.328
1.5 0.079 8.7 0.318 15.9 0.324
1.8 0.094 9 0.323 16.2 0.319
2.1 0.108 9.3 0.327 16.5 0.314
2.4 0.121 9.6 0.331 16.8 0.309
2.7 0.135 9.9 0.335 17.1 0.303
3 0.148 10.2 0.338 17.4 0.296
3.3 0.160 10.5 0.341 17.7 0.289
3.6 0.173 10.8 0.344 18 0.282
3.9 0.184 11.1 0.346 18.3 0.275
4.2 0.196 11.4 0.347 18.6 0.267
4.5 0.207 11.7 0.349 18.9 0.258
4.8 0.217 12 0.349 19.2 0.249
5.1 0.227 12.3 0.350 19.5 0.240
5.4 0.237 12.6 0.350 19.8 0.231
5.7 0.246 12.9 0.350 20.1 0.221
6 0.255 13.2 0.349 0.3 0.017
6.3 0.264 13.5 0.348
6.6 0.272 13.8 0.346

Jarak ujung balok ke perletakan, x0 = 0.3000 m

Eksentrisitas tumpuan, e0 = 0.0170 m
L/2 + x0 = 12.8000 m
es + e0 = 0.3670 m
Kemiringan angkur, α AB
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α AB = 0.0573
Kemiringan angkur, α BC
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α BC = 0.0573
Gambar. Komponen Lintasan Tendon

G. SUDUT ANGKUR
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Turunan persamaan lintasan tendon dy/dx = 4 * f / L2 * ( L - 2x )
Untuk x = 0 (posisi angkur di tumpuan), maka : dy/dx = 4 * f / L
Persamaan sudut angkur, α = ATAN(dy/dx)

Dia. Sudut Angkur

No Tendon Jumlah Strand Selubung Eksentrisitas fi (m) dY/dX
1 7 #REF! f1 = 0.900 0.144 0.1430169 8.1942633346
2 7 #REF! f2 = 0.6 0.096 0.0957067 5.4835904445
3 7 #REF! f3 = 0.3 0.048 0.0479632 2.7480881801

G.1. TATA LETAK DAN TRACE KABEL

Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000 m
Eksentrisitas, f0 = es = 0.3500 m
Titik berat serat bawah, yb = 0.4500 m
Eksentritas tendon 1, f1 = 0.9000 m
Eksentritas tendon 2, f2 = 0.6000 m
Eksentritas tendon 3, f3 = 0.3000 m
Posisi masing masing kabel, Zi =Zi' - 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )

Jarak Trace Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z0 Z1 Z2 Z3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 450 1000 700 400
0.5 423 929 653 376
1 396 862 608 354
1.5 371 797 565 332
2 347 735 523 312
2.5 324 676 484 292
3 302 620 447 273
3.5 281 567 411 256
4 262 516 377 239
4.5 243 469 346 223
5 226 424 316 208
5.5 210 382 288 194
6 195 343 262 181
6.5 181 307 238 169
6.75 174 290 227 163
7 168 274 216 158
7.5 156 244 196 148
8 145 217 178 139
8.5 136 192 161 131
9 127 171 147 124
9.5 120 152 135 117
10 114 136 124 112
10.5 109 123 115 108

1250

1100

950

800

650 Tendon
1
Tendon
2
500
950

800

650 Tendon
1
Tendon
2
500

350

200

50
1.5

9.5
0

0.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

6.5

7.5

8.5

10
-100

Gambar. Tipe - Tipe Angkur

G.2. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (HORIZONTAL)

Jarak Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z1 Z2 Z3 y1 y2 y3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 1000 700 400 0 0 0
0.5 929 653 376 0 0 0
1 862 608 354 0 0 0
1.5 797 565 332 0 0 0
2 735 523 312 0 0 0
2.5 676 484 292 0 0 0
3 620 447 273 0 0 0
3.5 567 411 256 0 0 0
4 516 377 239 0 0 0
4.5 469 346 223 0 0 0
5 424 316 208 0 0 0
5.5 382 288 194 0 31 -31
6 343 262 181 0 60 -60
6.5 307 238 169 0 86 -86
6.75 290 227 163 0 98 -98
7 274 216 158 0 109 -109
7.5 244 196 148 0 130 -130
8 217 178 139 0 148 -148
8.5 192 161 131 0 164 -164
9 171 147 124 0 177 -177
9.5 152 135 117 0 187 -187
10 136 124 112 0 195 -195
10.5 123 115 108 0 200 -200

250

200

150

100

Tendon
50 1
Tendon
2
Tendon
3
0 Web [1]
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 Web [2]

-50

-100

-150

-200

H. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN (LOSS OF PRESTRESS) PADA CABLE

H.1. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN ANGKUR (ANCHORAGE FRICTION)
Gaya prategang akibat jacking (jacking force) : Pj = 1574999.9370 kN
Kehilangan gaya akibat gesekan angkur diperhitungkan sebesar 3% dari gaya prategang akibat jacking
% Angkur = 3.0000 %
P0 = 1527749.9389 kN

H.2. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN CABLE (JACK FRICTION )

Kehilangan akibat gesekan sepanjang tendon dihitung berdasarkan analisis dari gaya desak tendon pada selongsong gaya
Ppx =Ppj * e ^ (-Σ(µ*αi+k*Li))
Dimana,
PPX = Gaya prategang efektif tergesek pada lokasi sejarak x (di mana x = ΣLi) dari ujung penegangan (jacking),
setelah kehilangan prategang akibat gesekan, kN.
PPJ = Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking) sebelum memperhitungkan kehilangan prategang, kN.
k = Koefisien gesekan akibat simpangan menyudut persatuan panjang tendon yang direncanakan (dalam rad/m).
Besarnya nilai k adalah sebagai berikut:
a. Untuk selongsong yang diberikan pelumas bisa diambil sebesar 0.0003 - 0.0020 rad/m
b. untuk kawat baja (wire) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil 0.0010 - 0.0020 rad/m
c. Untuk kawat untai (strand) pada selongsong logam yang berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0005 - 0.002 rad/m
d. Untuk batang baja (bar) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0001 - 0.0006 rad/m

µ = Koefisien gesekan akibat adanya lengkungan tendon

Nilainya sebagai berikut:
a. untuk selongsong yang diberi pelumas dapat diambil 0.05 - 0.15
b. untuk selongsong logam dengan permukaan berprofil dapat diambil 0.15 - 0.25

Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking), Ppj = 1527749.9389 kN

Bilangan natural, e = 2.7183
Kemiringan angkur, α AB = 0.0573 rad
Kemiringan angkur, α BC = 0.0573 rad
α = α AB
+ α BC α = 0.1147 rad
µ = 0.2500
Setengah bentang, Li = 12.5000 m
panjang balok prategang, Li = 25.0000 m
Setengah bentang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 1447914.1808 kN
Ujung balok prategang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 1412165.0523 kN

H.3. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PEMENDEKAN ELASTIS (ELASTIC SHORTENING)

Jarak titik berat tendon baja terhadap titik berat tampang balok, es = 0.3500 m
Momen inersia tampang balok beton, Ix = 0.0040 m4
Luas tampang balok beton, A = 0.0303 m2
Modulus elastis balok beton, E balok = 2.14E+07 kPa
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = #REF! kPa
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000 bh
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0000 m2
Beban putus satu strands, Pbs = 83333.3300 kN
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.5273 kN.m
Luas tampang tendon baja prategan, At = ns * Ast At = 0.0000 m2
Modulus ratio antara baja prategang dengan balok beton, n = Es / Ebalok n = #REF!
Jari - jari inersia penampang balok beton, i = √(Ix / A) i = 0.3631 m
Ke = At / A * (1+ es2 + i2) Ke = 0.0004010082
Tegangan baja prategang sebelum loss prestress (di tengah bentang) :
σpi = ns * Pb1 / At σpi = 277777766666.667 kPa
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik dengan memperhitungkan pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe' = σpi * n * Ke / (1 + n * Ke) Δspe' = #REF! kPa
Tegangan beton pada level bajanya oleh pengaruh gaya prategang Pt :
σbt = Δσpe ' / n - Mbalok * es / Ix σbt = #REF! kPa
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik tanpa pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe= 1/2* n * σbt Δspe = #REF! kPa
Loss of prestress akibat pemendekan elastis, ΔPe =Δσpe * At ΔPe = #REF! kN

H.4. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PENGANGKURAN (ANCHORING)

Panjang tarik masuk (berkisar antara 2 - 7 mm) diambil 5mm, Δ L = 0.005 m
Modulus elastis baja prategang, Es = #REF! kPa
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, At = 0.0000 m2
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan angkur, P0 = 1527749.9389 kN
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan cable, Px = 1447914.1808 kN
Jarak dari ujung sampai tengah bentang balok, Lx = 12.5000 m
Kemiringan diagram gaya, m = tan w = (P0 - Px)/Lx m = 6386.8606484673 kN/m
Jarak pengaruh kritis slip nagkur dari ujung, L max = √ (ΔL * Es * At / m) Lmax = #REF! m
Loss of prestress akibat angkur, ΔP = 2 * Lmax * m ΔP = #REF! kN
P' max = P0 - ΔP / 2 P' max
= #REF! kN
P max
= P' max
- Δpe P max
= #REF! kN

H.5. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT RELAXATION OF TENDON

H.5.1 Pengaruh Susut (Shrinkage)
Nilai regangan susut rencana beton pada umur t(har εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u

dengan penegertian:
εcs.t : Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, dan
t : umur beton yang dirawat basah di lokasi pekerjaan, terhitung sejak 7 hari setelah pengecoran (hari)
εcs.u : Nilai susut maksimum beton. εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs
Nilai λcs ditentukan oleh kondisi campuran beton dan lingkungan pekerjaan:
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s
Dimana:
Kh.s : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.s : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.s : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.s : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kb.s : faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton (C(kg/m3))
Kac.s : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))

Dalam kondisi standar :

- faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat : H = 70.00 %
- faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton : d = 15.00 cm
- faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton: s = 7.50 cm
- Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton: F = 50.00 %
- faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton: B = 9.00 sak/m3
- faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton; AC = 6.00 %

Maka didapatkan nilai dari:

Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kh.s = 0.7000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kd.s = 1.0025
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Ks.s = 1.0100
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kf.s = 1.0000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kb.s = 1.0560
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kac.s = 0.9980
t = 28.0000 hari
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s λcs = 0.746961563
Nilai susut maksimum beton, εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs εcs.u = 0.000583
Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u εcs.t = 0.000259
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = #REF! kPa
Tegangan susut, σsh = Es * εcs.t σsh = #REF! kPa

H.5.2 Pengaruh Rayapan (Creep)

Rangkak, yang merupakan regangan jangka panjang yang tergantung waktu pada suatu kondisi tegangan tetap, dan yang akan
mengakibatkan suatu tambahan regangan terhadap regangan elastis beton, bisa dihitung dalam perbandingannya terhadap
regangan elastis, melalui suatu koefisien rangkak (Øcc(t)), dimana:
εcc.t = Øcc(t)*εe
εe merupakan regangan elastis sesaat, yang diakibatkan oleh bekerjanya suatu tegangan tetap. Dalam hal koefisien Øcc(t)
tidak dilakukan pengukuran atau pengujian secara khusus, bisa dihitung dari rumusan:
εe = fc / Ebalok
Øcc(t) =( t 0.6/(10 + t0.6))* Cu
Cu = 2.35 * λcc
λcc =Kh.c * Kd.c * Ks.c * Kf.c * Kac.c * Kto.c
Dimana:
Kh.c : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.c : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.c : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.c : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kac.c : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))
Kto.c : faktor pengaruh umur beton saat dibebani (to(hari))

Tabel koefisien standar rangkak beton sebagai tambahan regangan jangka panjang

Kekuatan karakteristik fc'(Mpa) 20 25 30 35 40-60

Koefisien rangkak maksimum Cu 2.80 2.50 2.30 2.15 2.00

Kekuatan karakteristik beton, fc' = 20.75 Mpa

Koefisien rangkak maksimum, Cu = 2.00
Umur beton, t = 28.00 hari
Øcc(t) = 0.8495203199
P initial (keadaan saat transfer) di tengah bentang, Pi = PPx - ΔPe Pi = #REF! kN
Pi /(ns*Pbs) = #REF! % UTS
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.5273 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3
Modulus elastisitas balok, E balok
= 2.14E+07 kPa
Eksentrisitas ditengah bentang, es = 0.3500 m
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas, σatas = -Pi/A +Pi.es/Wa - Mbalok/Wa σatas = #REF! kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah, σbawah = -Pi/A -Pi.es/Wb + Mbalok/Wb σbawah = #REF! kPa
σc = #REF! kPa
Regangan yang terjadi, ec = σc / E balok
ee = #REF!
Rangkak yang terjadi, εcc.t = #REF!
Tegangan akibat creep, σcr = εcc.t * Es σcr = #REF! kPa
Tegangan akibat creep dan shrinkage, Δσsc = #REF! kPa
σpi= Pi / At σpi= #REF! kPa
Besar tegangan terhadap UTS, Pi /(ns*Pbs) = #REF! % UTS
X = 0 σpi < 50% UTS
X = 1 σpi = 50% UTS
X = 2 σpi = 70% UTS
X = 2.00
Relaxasi 1000 jam pada 70%UTS c = 2.50 %
σr = X *c * ( σpi - Δσsc ) σr =
#REF! kPa
loss of prestress jangka panjang, ∆σsc + σr =#REF! kPa
∆P = (∆σsc + σr) * At ∆P = #REF! kN
Gaya efektif di tengah bentang balok, Peff = #REF! kN
Kehilangan gaya prategang total, % LOP = (1- Peff/ Pj)*100 % LOP = #REF! %
Persentase kehilangan asumsi awal, % EST = 25 %
Cukup dekat dengan estimasi awal
(Kehilangan gaya prategang akhir = 25%) OK!
Kontrol tegangan pada tendon baja pasca tarik segera setelah penyaluran gaya prategang :
Tegangan ijin tendon baja pasca tarik : 0.7* fPU = 203000 kPa
= Peff
/At fp = #REF! kPa
#REF!

Gaya Satuan (kN) Kehilangan Gaya Prategang % UTS

PJ 1574999.9370 Akibat jacking force 90.000
P0 1527749.9389 Akibat gesekan angkur 87.300
Px 1447914.1808 Akibat elastic shortening 82.738
Pi #REF! Akibat relaksasi tendon #REF!
Peff #REF! Gaya Prategang efektif #REF!
Loss Of Prestress (%) #REF!

Batas Tegangan Izin Tarik dan Tekan untuk Beton Berdasarkan SNI beton untuk Jembatan dan AASHTO LRFD adalah sebagai
berikut:
Batas Tegangan
Kondisi Rumus Beton K -250
(Mpa)

0.500 ∗ √(𝑓_𝑐′ )
a. Tarik 2.278

b. Tekan akibat beban tetap / permanen - 0.45∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -9.338

c. Tekan akibat beban tetap dan transien / layan - 0.60∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -12.450

Kuat tekan beton awal (saat transfer), fci' = #REF! Mpa

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 20.750 Mpa

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Saat Transfer

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc'
= 20750.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci'
= 16600.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc
= -9960.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft
= 1018.58 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Pt = 1447914.18 kN
Momen balok, Mbalok = 200.53 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = 9261817.32 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, NG!!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = -104821095.35 kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, NG!!
I.2. KEADAAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS
Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc ' fci' = 16600.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc ' fc = -9337.50 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft
= 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft= 2277.61 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff= #REF! kN
Momen balok, Mbalok= 200.53 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 16600.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc = -9960.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, f t
= 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft = 1018.58 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = #REF! kN
Momen balok Mbalok= 200.53 kN.m
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 600.00 kN.m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350 m
Tegangan serat atas, fa = #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00 kPa
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc ' fci' = 16600.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc ' fc = -9337.50 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 2277.61 kPa
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = #REF! kN
Momen balok Mbalok= 200.53 kN.m
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 600.00 kN.m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642 m
Tegangan serat atas, f ac = #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, f bc
= #REF! kPa
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Setelah Pelat dan balok Menjadi Komposit

J.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI
Momen akibat beban sendiri MMS = 1342.022 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MMS / Wac f ac
= -53559.547 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MMS / W'ac f ' ac
= -23652.141 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMS / Wbc f bc
= 110931.186 kPa

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Berat Sendiri

J.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN
Momen akibat beban sendiri MMA = 274.063 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MMA / Wac f ac
= -10937.721 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac
= -MMA / W'ac f ' ac
= -4830.148 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMA / Wbc f bc
= 22653.933 kPa

J.3. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

J.3.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT BETON (SHRINKAGE)
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification):
Ps = Aplat * Eplat * ∆εsu * n * [(1 - e-cf)/cf]
dimana,
Aplat = Luas penampang plat
Eplat = modulus elastis balok
e = bilangan natural
n = Eplat/Ebalok

Luas penampang pelat, A plat

= Beff * h0 A plat = 0.034 m2
Modulus elastis pelat, Eplat = #REF! kPa
Modulus elastis balok, Ebalok= 2.14E+07 kPa
Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
perbandingan Epelat/Ebalok, n = Eplat / Ebalok n = #REF!
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = yac - ho / 2
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.258 m
Koefisien, kb = 0.905
kc = 3.000
Kd = 0.938
ke = 0.734
ktn = 0.200
cf = kb * kc * kd * ke * ( 1 - ktn) = cf = 1.495
Regangan akibat susut, ∆εsu = 0.000259
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = #REF! kN
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /Wac f ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac =Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /W'ac f ' ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = Ps/Ac + Ps * e' /Wbc f bc
= #REF! kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Susut

J.3.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT RANGKAK BETON (CREEP)

Residual creep (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification) dinyatakan dengan persamaan :
σcr = (1-e-cf) * (σ2-σ1)
σ2 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi awal sebelum loss of prestress,
σ1 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi akhir setelah loss of prestress.
cf = the residual creep factor
e = bilangan natural

Residual creep factor, cf = 1.495

Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
Gaya prestress awal, Pi = #REF! kN
Gaya prestress efektif, Peff = #REF! kN
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642 m
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2

Tegangan pada balok sebelum loss of prestress,

Tegangan beton di serat atas plat,f ac = -Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac f ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan f
Beton di serat atas balok,ac
= -Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac f ' ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan f bc = -Pi/Ac - Pi * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc
beton di serat bawah balok, f bc
= #REF! kPa

Tegangan pada balok setelah loss of prestress,

Tegangan f ac = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac
beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan f ac = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac
Beton di serat atas balok, f ' ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan f bc = -Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc
beton di serat bawah balok, f bc
= #REF! kPa

σ2 σ1 σ2- σ1 (1 - e-cf) σcr

kPa kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133 #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat atas balok (f'ac) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133 #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok (fbc) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133 #REF!

Susut Rangkak Susut + Rangkak

kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = #REF! #REF! #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (f'ac) = #REF! #REF! #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fbc) = #REF! #REF! #REF!

J.4. TEGANGAN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya prategang efektif Peff = #REF! kN
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642 m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /Wac f ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac = - Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /W'ac f ' ac
= #REF! kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = - Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wbc f bc
= #REF! kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Prategang

J.5.a. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD )

Momen akibat beban lajur, MTD = 1616.000 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MTD / Wac f ac
= -64493.892 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' = -MTD / W'ac
ac f ' ac
= -28480.798 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTD / Wbc f bc
= 133578.126 kPa

J.5.b. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK "TT"

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT = 1287.500 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MTT / Wac f ac
= -51383.593 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTT / W'ac f ' ac
= -22691.230 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTT / Wbc f bc
= 106424.404 kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Lajur

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB = 55.204 kN.m

Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MTB / Wac f ac
= -2203.178 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTB / W'ac f ' ac
= -972.933 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTB / Wbc f bc
= 4563.167 kPa
J.7. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)
Momen akibat beban angin, MEW = 288.250 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MEW / Wac f ac
= -11503.923 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MEW / W'ac f ' ac
= -5080.185 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MEW / Wbc f bc
= 23826.635 kPa
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Angin
J.8. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)
Momen akibat beban gempa, MEQ = 161.608 kN.m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MEQ / Wac f ac
= -6449.727 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' = -MEQ / W'ac
ac f ' ac
= -2848.229 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MEQ / Wbc f bc
= 13358.512 kPa

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur : Pt = At * Ebalok * α *T(y)

Daimana,
At = Luas tampang yang ditinjau
T(y) = distribusi temperatur dalam fungsi (y)
Untuk beton, T(y) = (T+8) - 0.05*y
y = Tebal segmen yang ditinjau (mm)

y = 0.300 m
Momen akibat temperatur
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Temperatur

Suhu di permukaan pelat, (T+8) = 15 °C

Menentukan T(y) = 0, y = (T+8)/0.05 y = 300.000 mm
Perbedaan temperatur ΔT = 15.000 °C
Modulus elastis balok Ebalok = 2.14E+07 kPa
Koefisien muai panjang untuk beton, α = 1.08E-05 /°C
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), ybc = 0.742 m
Letak titik berat (serat atas), yac = 0.358 m
Lebar efektif pelat, Beff = 14.947 m
Tinggi balok prategang, h = 0.900 m

Lebar Tebal Luas Temperatur Gaya Lengan terhadap titik Momen

Zi
No b h At Atas Bawah Pt berat penampang Mpt
(m) (m) (m2) Ta (°C) Tb (°C) (kN) Komposit m kN.m
0 1.600 0.200 0.32 15.00 5.00 739.91297356 z0 = yac - h0 /2 0.2581691252 191.0227
1 0.300 0.028 0.0084 5.00 3.60 8.3517676891 z1 = yac - h0 - h1 /2 0.1441691252 1.204067
2 0.000 0.072 0 1.50 0.00 0 z2 = yac - h0 - h1 - h2/2 0.0941691252 0
S Pt = 748.26474125 SMPt = 192.2268

eksentrisitas, ep = SMPt / S Pt ep = 0.257 m

Tegangan akibat perbedaan temperatur,
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/Wac f ac
= 15793.709 kPa
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac = -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/W'ac f ' ac
= 11509.872 kPa
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f ac = SPt/Ac - SPt*ep/Wbc f bc
= 24011.430 kPa

J.9. RESUME TEGANGAN

Aksi / Beban
f ac
(kPa) f ' ac (kPa) f bc
(kPa)
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS -53559.547 -23652.141 110931.186
Beban mati tambahan MA -10937.721 -4830.148 22653.933
Susut Rangkak SR #REF! #REF! #REF!
Beban Prategang PR #REF! #REF! #REF!
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD -64493.892 -28480.798 133578.126
Beban Truk "TT" TT -51383.593 -22691.230 106424.404
Beban Gaya rem TB -2203.178 -972.933 4563.167
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET 15793.709 11509.872 24011.430
Beban angin EW -11503.923 -5080.185 23826.635
Beban Gempa EQ -6449.727 -2848.229 13358.512

K. KONTROL TEGANGAN TERHADAP KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN

Mutu Beton, K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 41500.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tekan beton fc = -0.45 * fc' fc = -18675.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin tarik beton ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 3221.02 kPa

Simbol Kombinasi Pembebanan

Aksi / Beban
1 2 3 4 5
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS √ √ √ √ √
Beban mati tambahan MA √ √ √ √ √
Susut Rangkak SR √ √ √ √ √
Beban Prategang PR √ √ √ √ √
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" /Truk "TT" TD/TT √ √ √ √
Beban Gaya rem TB √ √ √ √
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET √ √
Beban angin EW √ √
Beban Gempa EQ √
Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### 15793.7 #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 11509.9 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 24011.4 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 -5080.2 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 23826.6 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### 15793.7 ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 11509.9 -5080.2 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 24011.4 23826.6 #REF!
Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! ### #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! ### #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Jumlah Strand Pbs Pj Sudut

No Tendon po %
ns ( kN ) ( kN ) ( ° )
1 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 8.194
2 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 5.484
3 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 2.748

L.1. PEMBESIAN END BLOCK TENDON 1 (T1)

L.1.1. Perhitungan Strut And Tie Model,
Nomor Tendon, nt = 1.000
Gaya aksial, Pj = #REF! kN
Jarak vertikal, V = 0.737 m
Jarak horisontal, H = 5.250 m
Gaya tie, T = Pj * V /H T = #REF! kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF! mm2

L.1.2. Perhitungan Gaya Bursting,

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Vertikal,
Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215 m
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1V = 0.300 m
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = #REF! kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF! mm2

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Horizontal,

Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215 m
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1H = 0.195 m
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = #REF! kN
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000 Mpa
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF! mm2

L.1.3. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Vertikal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= #REF! mm2
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000 mm
Luas tulangan, Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 132.732
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = #REF! buah
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = #REF! mm2
#REF!

L.1.4. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Horizontal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= #REF! mm2
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000 mm
Luas tulangan (digunakan sengkang tertutup), Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 265.465
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = #REF! buah
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = #REF! mm2
#REF!

Gambar. Sket Penulangan Brusting Steel

V = gaya geser akibat beban
M = momen akibat beban

Gambar. Konstantan Perhitungan Geser

Letak titik berat (serat atas), ya = 0.4500 m
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), yb = 0.4500 m

Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis

Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
1 0.300 0.028 1 1 0.0084000 y1 = ya - 1/2*h1 0.436 0.0036624
3 #REF! #REF! 2 0.5 #REF! y3 = ya - h1 - 1/3*h2 #REF! #REF!
4 0.016 0.422 1 1 0.0067520 y4 = ya - h1 - 1/2*h3 0.211 0.0014247
Sxa = #REF!
Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis
Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
4 0.016 0.422 1 1 0.007 y1 = 1/2*h4 0.211 0.0014247
5 #REF! #REF! 2 0.5 #REF! y2 = yb - h6 - 1/3*h5 #REF! #REF!
6 0.300 0.028 1 1 0.008 y3 = yb - 1/2*h6 0.436 0.0036624
Sxb = #REF!

Eksentrisitas tendon, e = Y = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Sudut kemiringan tendon, α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Komponen gaya arah x, Py = Peff * cos α
Komponen gaya arah y, Py = Peff * sin α
Resultan gaya geser, Vr = V - Py
Tegangan geser yang terjadi, fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )

Untuk tinjauan geser di atas garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fa)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Untuk tinjauan geser di bawah garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wa + M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fb)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Diameter tulangan, D = 13.0000 mm

Luas tulangan, At = 1/4 * pi() * D2 At = 132.7323 mm2
Eksentrisitas, f =es = 0.3500 m
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000 m
Gaya efektif prategang, Peff = #REF! kN
Lebar yang ditijau, b = 0.3000 m
Luas balok, A = 0.0303 m2
Inersia balok, Ix = 0.0040 m4
Momen statis penampang balok, Sx = #REF! m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009 m3

RESUME PERSAMAAN UNTUK TINJAUAN GESER

Persamaan (1), e = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Persamaan (2), α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Persamaan (3), Px = Peff * cos α
Persamaan (4), Py = Peff * sin α
Persamaan (5), Vr = V - Py
Persamaan (6), fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )
Persamaan (7), fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fa) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)
atau
Persamaan (7), fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wb + M / Wb
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fb) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Kode Faktor M V
Q P
No Jenis Beban 1/2*L Tumpuan
Beban Beban
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Berat Balok Balok - 2.567 - - -
2 Berat Pelat Pelat - 7.68 - - -
3 Berat Sendiri MS 1.2 17.177882818 - - -
4 Mati Tambahan MA 2 3.508 - - -
5 Lajur "D" TD 1.8 12.800 98.560 - -
6 Truk "T" TT 1.8 - - 1287.500 139.000
7 Gaya Rem TB 1.8 - - 55.204 4.416
8 Angin Kendaraan EWM 1.2 - - 190.575 15.246
9 Angin Struktur EWS 1.2 1.250 - - -
10 Gempa EQ 1 2.069 - - -

Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000 m

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.5 105.2 21.5 103.0 51.5 2.208 7.623 7.7 12.7 231.9 180.4 142.0 139.4
1 206.1 42.1 202.9 103 4.416 15.246 15.0 24.8 455.5 355.6 278.5 273.1
1.5 302.8 61.8 299.5 154.5 6.625 22.869 22.0 36.5 670.7 525.7 409.5 401.0
2 395.1 80.7 393.0 206 8.833 30.492 28.8 47.6 877.6 690.6 535.0 523.4
2.5 483.1 98.7 483.2 257.5 11.04 38.115 35.2 58.2 1076.0 850.3 655.1 640.0
3 566.9 115.8 570.2 309 13.25 45.738 41.3 68.3 1266.1 1004.9 769.6 750.9
3.5 646.3 132.0 654.1 360.5 15.46 53.361 47.0 77.8 1447.8 1154.3 878.7 856.1
4 721.5 147.3 734.7 412 17.67 60.984 52.5 86.9 1621.2 1298.5 982.3 955.7
4.5 792.3 161.8 812.2 463.5 19.87 68.607 57.7 95.4 1786.2 1437.5 1080.4 1049.5
5 858.9 175.4 886.4 515 22.08 76.23 62.5 103.4 1942.8 1571.4 1173.0 1137.7
5.5 921.2 188.1 957.4 566.5 24.29 83.853 67.0 110.9 2091.0 1700.1 1260.2 1220.2
6 979.1 200.0 ### 618 26.5 91.476 71.3 117.9 2230.9 1823.6 1341.8 1297.0
6.5 ### 210.9 ### 669.5 28.71 99.099 75.2 124.4 2362.4 1941.9 1418.0 1368.1
7 ### 221.0 ### 721 30.91 106.722 78.8 130.3 2485.5 2055.1 1488.7 1433.5
7.5 ### 230.2 ### 772.5 33.12 114.345 82.0 135.8 2600.2 2163.1 1553.9 1493.3
8 ### 238.5 ### 824 35.33 121.968 85.0 140.7 2706.6 2266.0 1613.6 1547.3
8.5 ### 246.0 ### 875.5 37.54 129.591 87.7 145.1 2804.6 2363.6 1667.9 1595.7
9 ### 252.6 ### 927 39.75 137.214 90.0 148.9 2894.3 2456.1 1716.6 1638.3
9.5 ### 258.3 ### 978.5 41.96 144.837 92.0 152.3 2975.5 2543.5 1759.9 1675.3
10 ### 263.1 ### 1030 44.16 152.46 93.8 155.1 3048.4 2625.6 1797.7 1706.6

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
0 214.7 43.9 209.3 103 4.416 15.246 15.6 25.9 472.3 366.0 289.4 284.4
0.5 206.1 42.1 202.9 103 4.416 15.246 15.0 24.8 455.5 355.6 278.5 273.1
1 197.5 40.3 196.5 103 4.416 15.246 14.4 23.8 438.8 345.3 267.5 261.7
1.5 189.0 38.6 190.1 103 4.416 15.246 13.8 22.8 422.0 335.0 256.5 250.3
2 180.4 36.8 183.7 103 4.416 15.246 13.1 21.7 405.3 324.6 245.6 238.9
2.5 171.8 35.1 177.3 103 4.416 15.246 12.5 20.7 388.6 314.3 234.6 227.5
3 163.2 33.3 170.9 103 4.416 15.246 11.9 19.7 371.8 303.9 223.6 216.2
3.5 154.6 31.6 164.5 103 4.416 15.246 11.3 18.6 355.1 293.6 212.7 204.8
4 146.0 29.8 158.1 103 4.416 15.246 10.6 17.6 338.3 283.2 201.7 193.4
4.5 137.4 28.1 151.7 103 4.416 15.246 10.0 16.5 321.6 272.9 190.7 182.0
5 128.8 26.3 145.3 103 4.416 15.246 9.4 15.5 304.8 262.6 179.8 170.7
5.5 120.2 24.6 138.9 103 4.416 15.246 8.8 14.5 288.1 252.2 168.8 159.3
6 111.7 22.8 132.5 103 4.416 15.246 8.1 13.4 271.4 241.9 157.8 147.9
6.5 103.1 21.0 126.1 103 4.416 15.246 7.5 12.4 254.6 231.5 146.9 136.5
7 94.5 19.3 119.7 103 4.416 15.246 6.9 11.4 237.9 221.2 135.9 125.1
7.5 85.9 17.5 113.3 103 4.416 15.246 6.3 10.3 221.1 210.8 124.9 113.8
8 77.3 15.8 106.9 103 4.416 15.246 5.6 9.3 204.4 200.5 114.0 102.4
8.5 68.7 14.0 100.5 103 4.416 15.246 5.0 8.3 187.6 190.2 103.0 91.0
9 60.1 12.3 94.1 103 4.416 15.246 4.4 7.2 170.9 179.8 92.0 79.6
9.5 51.5 10.5 87.7 103 4.416 15.246 3.8 6.2 154.2 169.5 81.1 68.3
10 42.9 8.8 81.3 103 4.416 15.246 3.1 5.2 137.4 159.1 70.1 56.9

M.3. TINJAUAN GESER DI ATAS GARIS NETRAL

Kombinasi III Pers. 1 Pers. 2 Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6 Pers. 7 Pers. 8 Pers. 9
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ as
(m) (kN.m) (kN) (m) (rad) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (rad) (m)
0 0.000 289.447 0 0.055942 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
0.5 141.982 278.479 0.02744 0.053708 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1 278.479 267.511 0.05376 0.051474 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1.5 409.493 256.543 0.07896 0.04924 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2 535.023 245.575 0.10304 0.047005 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2.5 655.068 234.607 0.126 0.04477 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3 769.630 223.639 0.14784 0.042534 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3.5 878.707 212.671 0.16856 0.040298 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4 982.301 201.703 0.18816 0.038062 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4.5 1080.410 190.735 0.20664 0.035825 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5 1173.036 179.767 0.224 0.033587 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5.5 1260.177 168.799 0.24024 0.03135 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6 1341.835 157.831 0.25536 0.029112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6.5 1418.008 146.863 0.26936 0.026874 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7 1488.697 135.895 0.28224 0.024635 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7.5 1553.903 124.927 0.294 0.022396 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8 1613.624 113.959 0.30464 0.020157 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8.5 1667.861 102.990 0.31416 0.017918 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9 1716.614 92.022 0.32256 0.015679 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9.5 1759.884 81.054 0.32984 0.013439 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
10 1797.669 70.086 0.336 0.0112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
M.4. TINJAUAN GESER DI BAWAH GARIS NETRAL
Kombinasi III Pers. 1 Pers. 2 Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6 Pers. 7 Pers. 8 Pers. 9
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ as
(m) (kN.m) (kN) (m) (rad) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (rad) (m)
0 0.000 289.447 0 0.055942 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
0.5 141.982 278.479 0.02744 0.053708 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1 278.479 267.511 0.05376 0.051474 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1.5 409.493 256.543 0.07896 0.04924 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2 535.023 245.575 0.10304 0.047005 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2.5 655.068 234.607 0.126 0.04477 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3 769.630 223.639 0.14784 0.042534 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3.5 878.707 212.671 0.16856 0.040298 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4 982.301 201.703 0.18816 0.038062 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4.5 1080.410 190.735 0.20664 0.035825 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5 1173.036 179.767 0.224 0.033587 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5.5 1260.177 168.799 0.24024 0.03135 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6 1341.835 157.831 0.25536 0.029112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6.5 1418.008 146.863 0.26936 0.026874 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7 1488.697 135.895 0.28224 0.024635 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7.5 1553.903 124.927 0.294 0.022396 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8 1613.624 113.959 0.30464 0.020157 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8.5 1667.861 102.990 0.31416 0.017918 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9 1716.614 92.022 0.32256 0.015679 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9.5 1759.884 81.054 0.32984 0.013439 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
10 1797.669 70.086 0.336 0.0112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

M.4. JARAK SENGKANG YANG DIGUNAKAN (PCI I GIRDER SEGMENTAL (/6M))

x Jarak Sengkang D-13 Jarak yang
(m) Geser 1 Geser 2 diambil
0 #REF! #REF! 50
0.5 #REF! #REF! 50
1 #REF! #REF! 50
1.5 #REF! #REF! 200
2 #REF! #REF! 200
2.5 #REF! #REF! 200
3 #REF! #REF! 200
3.5 #REF! #REF! 200
4 #REF! #REF! 200
4.5 #REF! #REF! 200
5 #REF! #REF! 200
5.5 #REF! #REF! 100
6 #REF! #REF! 100
6.5 #REF! #REF! 100
7 #REF! #REF! 200
7.5 #REF! #REF! 200
8 #REF! #REF! 200
8.5 #REF! #REF! 200
9 #REF! #REF! 200
9.5 #REF! #REF! 200
10 #REF! #REF! 200

N. PERHITUNGAN PENGHUBUNG GESER (SHEAR CONNECTOR)

Tegangan geser horisontal akibat gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau dihitung dengan rumus :
fv = Vi * Sx / ( bv * Ixc )
Dimana,
Vi = gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau
Sx = momen statis luasan plat terhadap titik berat penampang komposit
Sx = beff * h0 * ( yac - h0 / 2 )
bv = lebar bidang gesek ( = lebar bidang kontak antara plat dan balok )
beff = lebar efektif plat
h0 = tebal plat
Ixc = Inersia penampang balok komposit

Luas total shear conector, Ast = ns * As

Dimana,
ns = jumlah shear conector
As = luas satu shear conector
Jarak antara shear conector, dihitung dengan rumus as = fs * Ast * kf / ( fv * bv )
Dimana,
kf = koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak ( = 1 - 1.4 )
fs = tegangan ijin baja shear conector fs = 0.578 * fy
fci = tegangan ijin beton balok komposit
Jika fv > 0.2 * fci maka penampang harus diperbesar
Lebar efektif pelat, beff = 14.9466 m
Tebal pelat lantai, h0 = 0.2000 m
Lebar bidang gesek pelat dan balok, bv = 0.3000 m
Titik berat balok - pelat komposit (sisi atas), yac = 0.3582 m
Inersia penampang balok komposit, Ixc = 0.0090 m4

Mutu Beton, K - 250

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 * 1000 fc' = 20750.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin beton, fci = 0.3 * fc' fci = 6225.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin geser, fvi= 0.2 * fci fvi = 1245.00 kPa
Mutu Baja, BJTD 40
Tegangan leleh, fy = 390000.00 kPa
Tegangan ijin, fs= 0.578 * fy fs = 225420.00 kPa
Koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak, kf = 1.00
Tulangan shear connector, D = 13.0000 mm
Jumlah besi tulangan, n = 2.0000
Luas tulangan, As = 0.0001327 m2
Luas total tulangan geser, Ast = 0.0002655 m2
Momen statis Sx= beff * h0 * (yac - h0/2) Sx = 0.7718 m2

Gambar. Shear Connector

Perhitungan Jarak Shear Connector,

Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Kontrol Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Diambil
x fvi Jarak
Vi Vi Vi fv fv fv as as as
1245.00 Shear
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) kPa (m) (m) (m) Conector
0 472.3 366.0 289.4 1E+05 1E+05 82968.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0014735 0.00190136 0.0024041569 100
0.5 455.5 355.6 278.5 1E+05 1E+05 79824.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0015276 0.00195665 0.0024988459 100
1 438.8 345.3 267.5 1E+05 98980 76680.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0015859 0.00201526 0.0026012995 100
1.5 422 335 256.5 1E+05 96015 73537 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0016488 0.00207749 0.0027125135 200
2 405.3 324.6 245.6 1E+05 93050 70393 NG (fv > fvi) 0.001717 0.00214368 0.0028336617 200
2.5 388.6 314.3 234.6 1E+05 90086 67249.1 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0017909 0.00221423 0.0029661375 200
3 371.8 303.9 223.6 1E+05 87121 64105.2 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0018716 0.00228958 0.0031116074 200
3.5 355.1 293.6 212.7 1E+05 84156 60961.2 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0019598 0.00237024 0.003272082 200
4 338.3 283.2 201.7 96980 81191 57817.3 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0020568 0.00245679 0.0034500089 200
4.5 321.6 272.9 190.7 92180 78227 54673.3 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0021639 0.0025499 0.0036483989 200
5 304.8 262.6 179.8 87381 75262 51529.4 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0022828 0.00265035 0.0038709974 200
5.5 288.1 252.2 168.8 82582 72297 48385.4 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0024154 0.00275904 0.0041225236 200
6 271.4 241.9 157.8 77783 69332 45241.5 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0025645 0.00287702 0.0044090082 200
6.5 254.6 231.5 146.9 72983 66368 42097.5 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0027331 0.00300554 0.0047382835 200
7 237.9 221.2 135.9 68184 63403 38953.6 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0029255 0.00314608 0.0051207105 200
7.5 221.1 210.8 124.9 63385 60438 35809.7 NG (fv > fvi) 0.003147 0.00330041 0.0055702885 200
8 204.4 200.5 114 58585 57473 32665.7 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0034048 0.00347066 0.0061064068 200
8.5 187.6 190.2 103 53786 54508 29521.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0037086 0.00365943 0.0067567139 200
9 170.9 179.8 92.02 48987 51544 26377.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0040719 0.00386992 0.0075620398 200
9.5 154.2 169.5 81.05 44188 48579 23233.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0045142 0.0041061 0.0085853149 200
10 137.4 159.1 70.09 39388 45614 20089.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0050642 0.00437298 0.009928862 200

O. LENDUTAN BALOK
O.1. LENDUTAN BALOK PRESTRESS (SEBELUM KOMPOSIT)
Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 21409518.9109891 kPa
Inesria balok, Ix = 0.0040 m4
Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.0090 m4
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000 m
Gaya prategang awal, Pt1 = #REF! kN
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 200.5273 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPt1 = 8 * Pt1 * es / L2 QPt1 = #REF! kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 2.5667 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-QPt1 + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF! m
#REF!

O.1.2. LENDUTAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF! kN
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 200.5273 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = #REF! kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 2.5667 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF! m
#REF!

O.1.3. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK SELESAI DICOR (BETON MUDA)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF! kN
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 800.5273 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = #REF! kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L2 Qbalok+plat = 10.2467 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF! m
#REF!

O.1.4. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK MENJADI KOMPOSIT

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF! kN
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 800.5273 kN.m
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418 m

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff= 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = #REF! kN/m

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L2 Qbalok+plat = 10.2467 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δ = #REF! m
#REF!

Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 21409518.9109891 kPa

Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.0090 m4
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000 m
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF! kN
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418 m
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025 m3
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057 m3
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012 m3
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065 m2

P.1. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI (MS)

Beban akibat berat sendiri, QMS= 17.1779 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMS = 5/384 * QMS * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMS = 0.4547 m

P.2. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN (MA)

Beban akibat beban mati tambahan, QMA= 3.5080 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMA = 5/384 * QMA * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMA = 0.0929 m
P.3. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PRESTRESS (PR)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF! kN
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418 m
Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = #REF! kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δPR = 5/384 * -QPeff * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δPR = #REF! m

P.4. LENDUTAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

P.4.1. Lendutan Akibat Susut (Shrinkage)
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.258 m
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = #REF! kN
Beban akibat susut, QPs = 8 * Ps * e's / L2 QPs = #REF! kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δs = 5/384 * QPs * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δs = #REF! m

P.4.2. Lendutan Akibat Rangkak (Creep )

Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai selesai dicor (beton muda), δ1 = #REF! m
Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai dan balok menjadi komposit, δ2 = #REF! m
Lendutan akibat rangkak δc = δ2 - δ1 δc = #REF! m
Lendutan (superposisi) akibat susut dan rangkak, δSR = δs + δc δSR = #REF! m

P.5.a. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD)

Beban merata akibat beban lajur, QTD= 12.8000 kN/m
Beban terpusat akibat beban lajur, PTD= 98.5600 kN
Lendutan yang (5/384 * QTD * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc))+(1/48* PTD * L3 / (Ebalok*Ixc)) δTD = 0.5058 m

P.5.b. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK (TT)

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT= 1287.5000 kN.m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.2689 m

P.6. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN REM (TB)

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB= 55.2042 kN.m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.0115 m

P.7. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR (ET)

Gaya internal akibat temperatur, S Pt = 748.2647 kN
Eksentrisitas, ep = 0.2569 m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δET = 0.0642 * SPt * ep * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δET = 0.0401 m

P.8. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)

Beban akibat beban angin, QEW= 30.4920 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEW = 5/384 * QEW * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEW = 0.8072 m

P.9. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)

Beban akibat beban gempa, QEQ= 2.0686 kN/m
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEQ = 5/384 * QEQ * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEQ = 0.0548 m

P.10. KONTROL LENDUTAN BALOK TERHADAP KOMBINASI BEBAN

Lendutan maksimum yang diijinkan, δ = L / 250 δ = 0.1000 m
Lendutan untuk beban lalu Lintas, δ = L / 800 δ = 0.0313 m

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.0401 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.80717 #REF!
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.0401 0.80717 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 5E-02 #REF!

Q. TINJAUAN ULTIMIT BALOK PRESTRESS

Q.1. KAPASITAS MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

Gambar. Tegangan Regangan Balok

Modulus elastis baja prategang (strands) ASTM A-416 Grade 270, Es = #REF! Mpa
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000 strands
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0000 m2
Tegangan leleh tendon baja prategang, fpy = 500.0000 Mpa
Tegangan tarik strand, fpu = 290.000 Mpa
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, Aps = ns * Ast Aps = 0.0000 m2
Mutu Beton, K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.75 Mpa
b1 = 0.85
Untuk nilai, L / H : 35 : fps = feff + 150 + fc' / (100 * ρp) ………. Mpa
fps harus ≤ feff + 400 MPa
dan harus ≤ 0.8 * fpy

Panjang balok, L = 25.00 m

Gaya prestress, Peff = #REF! kN
Tegangan efektif baja prestress feff = Peff / Aps / 1000 feff = #REF! Mpa
Luas penampang balok prategang komposit, Ac = 0.06 m2
Rasio luas penampang baja prestress, ρp = Aps / Ac = ρp = 0.00010

Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi

b1 = 0.300 m h1= 0.028 m h= 0.900 m
b2 = 0.000 m h2 = 0.000 m
b3 = 0.016 m h3 = 0.844 m
b4 = 0.000 m h4 = 0.000 m
b5 = 0.300 m h5 = 0.028 m
Beff = 14.95 m h0 = 0.25 m

Tinggi total balok prategang, H = h + h0 H = 1.15000 m

Ratio, L/H = 21.73913
L/H <35,OK
Letak titik berat tendon baja prategang terhadap alas balok, z0 = 0.10000 m
Tinggi efektif balok, d = H - z0 d = 1.05000 m
Tebal plat jembatan, h0 = 0.25000 m
Diperkirakan, a < ( h0 + h1 + h2 ) a = 0.07816
Gaya tekan beton, Cc = Beff x a x 0.85.fc'
Jarak garis netral terhadap sisi atas, c = a / β1 = c = 0.09196
Regangan baja prestress, εps = 0.003 * (d - c) / c εps = 0.03000
OK (εps < 0.03)
Cc = gaya internal tekan beton,
Ai = luas penampang tekan beton,
yi = jarak pusat berat penampang tekan beton terhadap pusat berat baja prestress,

TEKAN,
Lebar tebal
H aktual Tekan Kumulatif
No b h Catatan
(m) (m) (m) (kN) (kN)
Pelat 14.95 0.25 0.0781626172 20605.311753 20605.3117531
1 0.300 0.028 0 0 20605.3117531
Cc= 20605.311753

TARIK,
Regangan Tegangan Baja
Luas Baja Prategang Tarik
Baja
No Prategang Prategang fps Ts
A (mm2) εps (Mpa) (kN)
Baja Prategang 6.30 0.03 1847.8260869565 11.641304348
Ts = 11.641304348
Cc = Ts 1770.0174428
Gaya internal tekan beton, Cc = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' ]
Momen nominal, Mn = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' * yi ]

Q.2. GAYA TEKAN BETON DAN MOMEN NOMINAL

Lebar Tinggi Luas Gaya Lengan thd. Pusat baja Momen
No
(m) (m) (m )
2
(kN) prestress y(m) (kN.m)
1 14.95 0.08 1.168267144 20605.311753 y = d - h0 / 2 1.0109187 20830.2947930269
Cc = Ts 20605.311753 M = 20830.2947930269

Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur, φ = 0.80000

Kapasitas momen ultimit balok prestress, Mn = φ * M Mn = 16664.2358344215

R. MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

R.1. MOMEN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK
Gaya internal akibat susut, Ps = #REF! kN
Eksentrisitas gaya susut terhadap pusat penampang, e' = 0.25817 m
Momen akibat susut, MS = -Ps * e MS = #REF! kN.m
Momen akibat rangkak, MR
= ( Pi
- Peff ) * es' MR = #REF! kN.m
Momen akibat susut dan rangkak, MSR = MS + MR MSR = #REF! kN.m

R.2. MOMEN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur, Pt = 748.26474 kN
Eksentrisitas gaya terhadap pusat penampang balok, ep' = 0.25690 m
Momen akibat pengaruh temperatur Met = Pt * ep' Met = 192.227 kN.m

R.3. MOMEN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya Prategang efektif, Peff = #REF! kN
Eksentrisitas tendon, e's = 0.64183 m
Momen akibat gaya prategang, MPr = -Peff * e's MPr = #REF! kN.m

R.4. RESUME MOMEN BALOK

Momen Momen Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Faktor
M kN.m Mu kN.m
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri KMS 1.3 MMS 1342.0221 MMS * KMS 1744.6287237097
Beban mati tambahan KMA 2 MMA 274.0625 MMA * KMA 548.125
Susut Rangkak KSR 1 MSR #REF! MSR * KSR #REF!
Beban Prategang KPR 1 MPR #REF! MPR * KPR #REF!
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" KTD 1.8 MTD 1616.000 MTD * KTD 2908.8
Beban Truk "TT" KTT 1.8 MTT 1287.500 MTT * KTT 2317.5
Beban Gaya rem KTB 1.8 MTB 55.204 MTB * KTB 99.3676106346
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur KET 1.2 MET 192.227 MET * MET 230.6721025922
Beban angin KEW 1.2 MEW 288.250 MEW * KEW 345.89953125
Beban Gempa KEQ 1 MEQ 161.60846 MEQ * KEQ 161.6084595161

R.5. KONTROL KOMBINASI MOMEN ULTIMIT

Kapasitas Momen balok, Mn = 16664.24 kN.m

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 230.7 #REF!
MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 345.9 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 230.7 345.9 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 161.6 #REF!

S. PERHITUNGAN DAN PERENCANAAN PERLETAKAN

Data Reaksi ,
Gaya geser maksimum, RU-MAX = Gaya geser maksimum Ultimet RU-MAX = 696.3075 kN
Gaya geser akibat beban hidup kondisi servis, DL-SERV = VMA + VMS DL-SERV = 258.57354 kN
Gaya geser akibat beban mati kondisi servis,LL-SERV
= VTD
+ VTT
+ VTB + VEW + VEQ LL-SERV = 409.42763 kN
Panjang bentang, L = 25.00000 m
Modulus elatisitas balok, E = 2.14E+07 kPa
Inersia balok komposit, Ixc = 0.00897 m4
Beban merata, W SLS 1
= QMS + QMA + QTD + QEQ w SLS 1
= 35.55447 kN/m
θsx =1/24 * WSLS1 * L3 / (E * Ixc) θsx = 0.12047 rad

Tebal penutup elastometer, hrcover = 5.00 mm
Tebal layer internal elastometer, hrinternal = 8.75 mm
Jumlah layer pengaku baja, Nstlayers = 5.00
Tebal pengaku baja, hreinf = 3.00 mm
Total thickness,htotal = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal + Nstlayer * hreinf htotal = 60.00 mm

S.2. PROPERTI MATERIAL

Kekakuan elastometer, H shoreA
= 50
Shear modulus, G = 0.66 Mpa
Defleksi rangkak 25 tahun/defleksi seketika, Cd = 0.25
Kuat leleh baja, Fy = 345 Mpa

S.3. PENGECEKAN FAKTOR BENTUK

Faktor bentuk butuh, Vr = 0.7 * hrinternal Vr = 6.125 mm
syarat, Vr > hrcover OK!!

S.4. PENGECEKAN TEGANGAN KONDISI TEKAN

Tegangan tekan kondisi SLS, σs = 4.9736247751 Mpa
1.G.Sint = 7.04 Mpa
σs < (1 * G * Sint) OK!!
Tegangan tekan akibat beban hidup, σL = 2.9244830662 Mpa

S.5. PENGECEKAN DEFLEKSI

Instantaneous compressive bearing strain mx stress 6.2 Mpa, εint = 0.04
δint = 2 * εint * hrcover + hrinternal * (Nstlayer-1) * εint
Instantaneous deflection, δint = 1.8 mm
Assumption of creep deflection value, δcreep = δint * Cd δcreep = 0.45 mm
Total compressive deflection, δ total
= δint + δcreep δtotal = 2.25 mm
Compressive deflection for each internal layer, δrint = δtotal /(Nstlayer - 1) δrint = 0.5625 mm
Maximum allowable compressive deflection, 0.07 hrint = 0.6125 mm
δrint < 0.07 * hrint OK!!

S.6. PENGECEKAN ROTASI

Rotation check ensure that no point in the bearing undergoes net uplift σs = 6.2 MPa
Service rotation due to SLS 1 θsx = 0.12047 rad
Cek Service rotation θ = 0.5 * G * Sint * (Lpad / hrint )2 * θsx / (Nstlayer) θ = 135.6993679665 MPa
θ < σs NG!!

S.7. PENGECEKAN STABILITAS

Tebal total, htotal = 60.00000 mm
S.8. CHECK STEEL REINFORCEMENT
Limit hreinf = 3.00000
Limit =3 * hmax * σs/fy Limit = 0.378427972
hreinf ≥ 3 * hmax * σs/fy OK!!
Fatigue limit ΔFTH = 165 Mpa
Limit =2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH Limit = 0.3101724464
hreinf ≥ 2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH OK!!

S.8. PENGECEKAN DEFORMASI GESER

Akibat Temperatur,
Temperatur maksimum rata-rata, Tmax = 40 o
C
Temperatur minimum rata-rata, Tmin = 15 o
C
Perbedaan temperatur, ΔT = (Tmax - Tmin)/2 ΔT = 12.5 o
C
Koefisien muai panjang beton, α = 0.000011 / oC
Panjang Jembatan, L0 = 25.00 m
Deformasi jembatan akibat temperatur, Δt= ΔT * α * L0 * 1000 Δt = 3.375 mm

Akibat susut dan rangkak,

Regangan akibat susut, εcst = 0.000259
Regangan akibat rangkak, εcct = #REF!
Regangan total , εcs = εcst + εcct εcs = #REF!
Deformasi jembatan akibat sr, Δcs = εcs * L0 * 1000 Δcs = #REF!

Akibat prategang,
Deformasi akibat pengangkuran (diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain) Δac = 0
(Diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain)

ƔTU = 1.2
2*Δs*ƔTU = #REF!

hrt = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal hrt = 45 mm

#REF!
INPUT

Dimension
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
kg/cm2
Mpa AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1
Mpa AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.4

Mpa
/°C

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
/°C

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa
rtia to c.o.g

=1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0000005
0.0008016
0.0000005
.000802713

rtia to c.o.g

=1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0001142
0.0000005
0.0008016
0.0000005
0.0009169

kNm
kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

kN.m

Moment
MMS
kN.m
200.53
600.00
10.99
281
250
1,092
kN/m

kN.m

Moment
MMA
kN.m
143.75
122.5
7.8125
274.06

kPa
kN/m
kN/m

kN.m
kN/m

kNm

kNm
m/s

kNm

m/s

kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
End Span

/2- x)
2- x)
2- x)
2- x)

2- x)
2- x)

10
Quake
EQ
kN.m
0
61.6084595161

10
Quake
EQ
kN
25.8573535226
0

tion
ULS 6

1.3
2

tion
ULS 6

1745
548.1

1288

161.6
3742
tion
ULS 6

279.1
87.7

139

25.86

531.7

kN.m

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa

mm2

mm2

mm2

mm4
mm3
mm3

kN.m
kN.m

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa

mm2

mm2

mm2

mm4
mm3
mm3

kN.m
Mpa

Mpa

Mpa

Mpa

mm3
kg/cm2
kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa
kPa
m (1/2")

kN

kPa
Tendon
Tendon
Strand
Strand

Strands
Strands
Strands
Strands

buah

buah

buah
Strands
Strands
Strands
Strands
Angkur
°
8.1942633346
5.4835904445
2.7480881801

Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
3
Web [1]
Web [2]

ngan (jacking),

kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa

kPa

kPa

kPa

kPa

kN/m
coran (hari)

sak/m3

hari

kPa
kPa

lam hal koefisien Øcc(t), bila

40-60
2.00

Mpa

hari
% UTS
kN.m

kPa

kPa tarik = +
kPa tekan = -
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
% UTS

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

% UTS
90.000
87.300
82.738
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

tas Tegangan
eton K -250
(Mpa)

#REF!

#REF!

2.278

-9.338

-12.450

Mpa
Mpa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa

kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
kPa

kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m
kN.m
kN.m

kPa

kPa

kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa

σcr
kPa
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

usut + Rangkak
kPa
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
/°C

Momen
Mpt
kN.m
191.0227
1.204067
0
192.2268

kPa
kPa
kPa

f bc
(kPa)

110931.186
22653.933
#REF!
#REF!

133578.126
106424.404
4563.167

24011.430
23826.635
13358.512

kPa
kPa
kPa

ket.

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

tungan Midas)

ket.

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

tungan Midas)

ket.

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

tungan Midas)

ket.

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
tungan Midas)

ket.

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

tungan Midas)

Mpa
mm2
Mpa
mm2

Mpa
mm2

mm2

buah
mm2

mm2

buah
mm2
Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0036624
#REF!
0.0014247
#REF!
Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0014247
#REF!
0.0036624
#REF!

mm2
Komb. 4

MS+MA+EQ

(kN.m)
0.0
139.4
273.1
401.0
523.4
640.0
750.9
856.1
955.7
1049.5
1137.7
1220.2
1297.0
1368.1
1433.5
1493.3
1547.3
1595.7
1638.3
1675.3
1706.6

Komb. 4

MS+MA+EQ

(kN)
284.4
273.1
261.7
250.3
238.9
227.5
216.2
204.8
193.4
182.0
170.7
159.3
147.9
136.5
125.1
113.8
102.4
91.0
79.6
68.3
56.9

Pers. 9
as
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Pers. 9
as
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
kPa
kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa

Diambil
Jarak
Shear
Conector
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
kPa
kN.m

kN/m
kN/m

kN.m

kN/m
kN/m

kN.m

kN/m
kN/m

kN.m

kN/m
kN/m

kPa
kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

kN/m

kN/m

kN.m

kN.m

kN/m

kN/m

ket.

L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

ket.

L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

ket.
ket.

L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG
ket.

L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

ket.

L/250
#REF!
L/800
OK

Mpa
strands

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa

Mpa
Momen
(kN.m)
20830.2947930269
20830.2947930269

kN.m
kN.m
kN.m

kN.m

kN.m

Ultimet
kN.m

744.6287237097
548.125
#REF!
#REF!
2908.8
2317.5
99.3676106346

30.6721025922
345.89953125
61.6084595161

kN.m

ket.

#REF!

ket.

#REF!
ket.

#REF!

ket.

#REF!

ket.

#REF!

kPa

kN/m

Mpa

Mpa

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa

MPa
MPa
Mpa

/ oC
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
EAST NUSA TENGGARA CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: EAST NUSA TENGGARA DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : COMPOSITE STEEL GIRDGER CALCULATION

BRIDGE DATA =

ITEM Symbol Dimension

Total width of bridge Btot = 22.10
Width of traffic lane b1 = 6.70
Width of median b2 = 2.50
Width of sidewalk b3 = 2.80
Width of barrier b4 = 0.30
Thickness of sidewalk tt = 0.29
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.05
Thickness of concrete deck slab ts = 0.20
Thickness of presstress slab tpc = 0.05
Thickness of water layer th = 0.10
Height of steel girder hb = 0.90
Height of composite steel girder hc = 1.10
Total height of bridge ha = 2.70
Total length of bridge Ltot = 25.00
Clear span of bridge L = 25.00
Distance of steel girder s = 1.60

Material Symbol Density (kN/m3)

Steel Ws = 77.00
Reinforcement concrete Wc' = 24.00
Asphalt Wasphalt = 23.00
Water Ww = 9.80

GIRDER DIMENSION

Symbol Dimension Symbol Dimension

b1 = 0.300 m h1= 0.028 m
b2 = 0.000 m h2 = 0.000 m
b3 = 0.016 m h3 = 0.844 m
b4 = 0.000 m h4 = 0.000 m
b5 = 0.300 m h5 = 0.028 m
h = 0.900 m
B. MATERIAL DATA
1. CONCRETE DECK SLAB
Concrete deck slab quality K - 250
Concrete compressive strength (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1) fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.750
Modulus elasticity of concrete Ep = 4700* √ fc' atau Ep = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 21409.519
Poisson Ratio (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.5) υ = 0.200
Shear Modulus G = E / (2 * ( 1 + υ )) G = 8920.633
Coefficient of thermal expansion (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.2) α = 0.000011

2. STEEL GIRDER
BJ - 50
Steel girder quality fu = 500
Steel yield strength fy = 290
Modulus elasticity of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) Es = 200000
Poisson Ratio υ = 0.3
Shear Modulus G = 83333.33
Elongation Coefficient of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) α = 0.00001
Basic Stress Fs = 193

3. STEEL REINFORCEMENT
For reinforcement bar D > 12 mm, Type = BJTD 40
For reinforcement bar D <= 12 mm, Type = BJTP 24
Yield strength Fy = 390
Ultimit strength Fu = 500

C. CROSS SECTION CALCULATION

C.1. EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF DECK SLAB

Fig. 3 Effective width of deck slab

Effective width of slab (Be) is taken as the smallest of: L/4 = 6.250
(AASHTO LRFD 4.6.2.6.1) s = 1.600
12*ho = 2.400
Effective width of deck slab taken Be = 1.600
Compressive strength of concrete slab fc (slab)
' = 0.83* K /10 fc ' =
(slab) 20.750
Modulus elasticity of concrte slab Eslab = 21409.519
Modular ratio (AASHTO LRFD 6.10.1.1.1) n = Esteel / Eslab n = 9.342
Effective area width of deck slab Beff = n * Be Beff = 14.947
C.2. SECTION PROPERTIES OF STEEL GIRDER

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth bottom fiber Static bottom fiber
No I0 =1/12*b*h3
b h N A = b * h * N y A * y A * y2
m m buah m
2
m m 3
m
4
m4
1 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.886 0.0074424 0.0065940 0.0000005
2 0.016 0.844 1 0.014 0.450 0.0060768 0.0027346 0.0008016
3 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.014 0.0001176 0.0000016 0.0000005
Total 0.030304 0.0136368 0.0093301728 0.000802713

Total depth of steel girder hb = 0.900

Section area of steel girder A = 0.030
Thickness of concrete deck slab ho = 0.200
Effective width of slab Beff = 14.947
Center of gravity (bottom fiber) yb = S A* y / S A yb = 0.450
Center of gravity (top fiber) ya = hb - yb ya = 0.450
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ib = S A* y2 + S Io Ib = 0.010
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of section Ix = Ib - A * yb2 Ix = 0.004
Section modulus of top fiber Wa = Ix / ya Wa = 0.009
Section modulus of bottom fiber Wb = Ix / yb Wb = 0.009

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area bottom fiber Static bottom fiber Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth
No Ac = b * h * N Ac * y Ac * y 2
Ico =1/12*b*h3
b h N y
m m buah m2 m m3 m4 m4
0 1.600 0.200 1 0.034 1.000 0.0342552 0.0342552 0.0001142
1 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.886 0.0074424 0.0065940 0.0000005
2 0.016 0.844 1 0.014 0.450 0.0060768 0.0027346 0.0008016
3 0.300 0.028 1 0.008 0.014 0.0001176 0.0000016 0.0000005
Total 0.065 0.0478920 0.0435854 0.0009169

Tinggi total balok komposit, hc = 1.100

Cross section area of composite section Ac = 0.065
Distance neutral axis to bottom steel ybc = S Ac* y / S Ac ybs = 0.742
Distance neutral axis to top concrete ytc = hc - ybs ytc = 0.358
Distance neutral axis to top steel yts = h - ybs yts = 0.158
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ibc = S Ac* y2 + S Ico Ibc = 0.045
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of composite section Ixc = Ibc - Ac * ybc2 Ixc = 0.009
Section modulus at top slab Wac = Ixc / yac Wac = 0.025
Section modulus at top girder W' ac
= Ixc / (yac - h0)
W'ac = 0.057
Section modulus at bottom girder Wbc = Ixc / ybc Wbc = 0.012

D.1. SELF WEIGHT (MS)
D.1.1. DIAPHRAGM

Fig 6. Cross Section of Diaphragm

Diaphragm size :
Cross section area 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) A1 = 0.0019
Length 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) L1 = 3.128
Cross section area 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) A2 = 0.0007
Length 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) L2 = 1.996
Weight of each diaphragm W = (A1 * L1 * A2 * L2)* Ws W = 0.564
Number of diphragm n = 6.000
Total weight of diaphragm Wdiaphragma = W * n Wdiaphragm = 3.383
Span length L = 25.000
Distance of diaphragm x3 = 10.000
x2 = 6.000
x1 = 2.000
Maximum moment Mmax = (Wdiafragma/2 * L/2) - (W * X1) - (W *X1) - (W *X2) - (W *X3) Mmax = 10.995
Equivalent weight of diaphragm Qeq = Mmax * 8 / (L^2) Qeq = 0.141

D.1.2. STEEL GIRDER

Length of girder L = 25.000
Cross section area A = 0.030
Weigth of girder + 10% Wbalok = L * A * Wc Wbalok = 64
Qbalok = Wbalok / L Qbalok = 2.567

D.2. SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT DOE TO SELF WEIGHT (MS)
Gambar. Sket Beban Berat Sendiri dan Komponen Beban
Total load doe to self weight QMS = A * W
Span length L = 25.000
Shear force doe to self weight VMS = 1/2*QMS *L
Bending moment doe to self weight MMS = 1/8*QMS*L2

Width Thick Area Weigth Load Shear Moment

No Self Weigth Load b h A W QMS VMS MMS
m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Steel Girder 2.6 32.08 200.53
2 Deck slab 1.60 0.20 0.32 24.00 7.7 96.00 600.00
3 Diphragm 0.1 1.76 10.99
4 Median (concrete) 0.1632 22.00 3.6 44.88 281
5 Median (filling) 0.2 16.00 3.2 40.00 250
Total 17.18 174.72 1,092

Beban akibat accesoris (Median, Rangka Accesoris)

3.59 kN

Span length L = 25.000

Width Thickness Area Weight Load Shear Moment

m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Asphalt + overlay 1.60 0.05 0.08 23.00 1.840 23 143.75
2 Rain water 1.60 0.10 0.16 9.80 1.568 19.6 122.5
4 M&E Accessories 0.1 1.25 7.8125
Total 3.508 43.85 274.06

The lae load cnsist of :
- Uniform disributed load (UDL)of intensty q kpa, where q depnd on he total loaded of length as
q= 8 kPa For L ≤ 30 m (BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.b) :
q = 8.0*(0.5 + 15/L)kPa L > 30 m

or
q = 3.1 kPa (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.1.2.4)

- Knife Edge Load (KEL) of p kN/m,placed in any position along the bridge prependicular to the
traffic direction (BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.b)
p = 44 kN/m

- Dinamic Load Allowance is applied to th "D" lane, "KEL" as follow(BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.d)
DLA = 0.4 for L ≤ 50 m
DLA = 0.4 - 0.0025*(L - 50) for 50 < L < 90 m
DLA = 0.3 for L ≥ 90 m

Span length L = 25.000

Distance of girder s = 1.600
Uniform distributed load L <= 30, q = 9; L> 30, q = 9 * (0.5+15/L) q = 8.000
Uniform load at the girder QTD = q * s QTD = 12.800
Dynamic load alowance DLA = 0.400
Point load at the girder PTD = (1+DLA) * P * s PTD = 98.560
Intenal force doe to lane load:
Shear force VTD = 1/2*QTD*L + 1/2*PTD VTD = 209.280
Bending Moment MTD
= 1/8*Q TD
*L2 + 1/4* PTD * L MTD = 1616.000

Gambar. Beban Truk Pada Struktur dan Beban Roda Truk

Length span L = 25.000 m

Distance of girder s = 1.600 m
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.400
Front tire load P1 = 25.000 kN
Distance P1 to the mid span XP1 = -4.000 m
Mid tire load P2 = 112.500 kN
Distance P2 to the mid span XP2 = 0.000 m
Rear tire load P3 = 112.500 kN
Distance P3 to the mid span XP3 = 4.000 m
Internal force doe to truck load:
Shear force at point B VP1 = P1 * ((L/2+ XP1)/L) VP1 = 8.500 kN
Bending moment at point B MP1 = VP1 *L/2 MP1 = 106.250 kN.m
Gay Shear force at point B VP2 = P2/2 VP2 = 56.250 kN
Gay Bending moment at point B MP2 = VP2 * L/2 MP2 = 703.125 kN.m
Shear force at point B VP3 = P3 * ((L/2 + XP3)/L) VP3 = 74.250 kN
Bending moment at point B MP3 = VP3 * L/2- P3*XP3 MP3 = 478.125 kN.m
Total internal force doe to truck load
Total shear force at point B VTT = 139.000 kN
Total Bending Moment at point B MTT = 1287.500 kN.m

- 25 % of the axle weight of design truck (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4)

- 5 % of design truck + lane load

- TB = 250 kN For Lt ≤ 80 m (BMS Bride Desig Manual table 2.1.3) :

- TB = 250 + 2.5 * (Lt - 80) kN For 80 < Lt < 180 m
- TB = 500 kN For Lt ≥ 180 m

Span Length L = 25.000

Number of girder Nbalok = 5.000
Distance of girder s = 1.600
Braking force base on BMS HTB = 250.000
Braking force for L<= 80 m TTB = HTB / Nbalok TTB = 50.000
Lane load QTD = q *s QTD = 12.800
= P * s PTD = 70.400
Braking force base on AASHTO LRFD 5% of lane load + knife load TTB = 19.520
Braking force taken TTB = Maximum value of BMS and AASHTO TTB = 50.000
Center gravity of composite section (top fiber) yac = 0.358
Asphalt thickness ha = 0.050
Braking force (1.8 m above the roadway surface) AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4 x0 = 1.800
Distance to c.o.g of girder y = yac + ha + x0 y = 2.208
Moment doe to braking force M = TTB * y M = 110.408
Internal force doe to braking force
Shear force at the end span VTB = M / L VTB = 4.416
Bending moment at the mid span MTB = 1/2* M MTB = 55.204
D.6. WIND LOAD AT VEHICLE "EW"

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0012 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
Where :
CW = Drag Coeffiicient
VW = Design wind speed (m/sec)
Ab = Vertical plan area of the vehicle (m2)

Drag Coeffiicient CW = 1.200

Design wind speed VW = 35.000
Length of truck Ptruk = 8.000
Height of truck htruk = 2.750
Vertical plan area of the vehicle Ab = 22.000
Concentrated of wind load at 2.75 in height above deck slab
h = 2.750
Distance of tire x = 1.750
Wind load transfered to deck QEW = 1/2*h /x *TEW QEW = 30.492
Length of bridge L = 25.000
Shear force and bending moment doe to wind load
Position of vehicle is assumed at mid span
Maximum shear at end span VEW = 1/2 * QEW VEW = 15.246
Maximum bending moment at md span MEW = 1/4 * QEW * L MEW = 190.575

D.7. WIND LOAD AT BRIDGE STRUCTURE

Horizontal Additional load doe to wind at the bridge structure as follow:

[kN]

Drag coefficeint CW = 2.100

Design wind speed VW = 35.000
Vertical height plan of the truck ha = 2.700
= 0.0006 *CW*VW2*ha TEW H = 4.167

Vertical wind load (30% of horizontal wind load) TEW V= 30% * TEW H TEW V
= 1.250

Vertical earthquake load is determined using the downward vertical acceleration of 0.1 g
Design vertical earthquake force QEQ = 2.069

D. INTERNAL FORCE RESUME

Q P
Symbol Factor
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Weight of girder Balok - 2.57 - - -
2 Weight of deck slab Pelat - 7.68 - - -
3 Self weight MS 1.3 17.18 - - -
5 Lane Load "D" TD 1.8 - - 1616.000 209.280
6 Truck Load "T" TT 1.8 - - 1287.500 139.000
7 Braking Force TB 1.8 - - 55.204 4.416
8 Wind pressure at vehicle EWM 1.2 - - 190.575 15.246
9 Wind pressure at structure EWS 1.2 1.25 - - -
10 Earthquake load EQ 1 2.07 - - -
E. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER
E.1. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE FORMULA
Maximum bending moment is determined at the mid span, and maximum shear force at the end span
Span length L = 25.000

No Kind of Loading Bending Moment At The Mid Span Shear Force At The End Span

1 Weight of girder Mx = 1/2 * Qgirder * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qgirderk * (L/2- x)

2 Weight of deck slab Mx = 1/2 * Qslab * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qslab * (L/2- x)
3 Self weight Mx = 1/2 * QMS * (L*x- x ) 2
Vx = QMS * (L/2- x)
4 Superimposed dead load Mx = 1/2 * QMA * (L*x- x2) Vx = QMA * (L/2- x)
5 Lane Load "D" Mx = MTD Vx =VTD
6 Truck Load "T" Mx = MTT Vx =VTT
7 Braking Force Mx = MTB Vx =VTB
8 Wind pressure at vehicle Mx = MEWM Vx =VEWM
9 Wind pressure at structure Mx = 1/2 * QEWS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEWS * (L/2- x)
10 Earthquake load Mx = 1/2 * QEQ * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEQ * (L/2- x)

E.2. BENDING MOMENT AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab Self Add. dead Lane Truck Braking Wind Wind Quake
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12.5 200.5 600 1342.0221 274.0625 1616.000 1287.500 55.204 190.575 97.6746094 161.6084595161

E.3. SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab Self Add. dead Lane Truck Braking Wind Wind Quake
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN
0 32.08 96 214.72354 43.85 209.280 139.000 4.416 15.246 15.6279375 25.8573535226
12.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 1 1 1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Superimposed dead load MA 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1 1.8 1 1
Truck load "T" TT 1 1.8 1
Braking Force TB 1 1 1.8 1.8 1 1
Wind load vehicle EWM 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
Wind load structure EWS 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
C. Special Action

E.5. BENDING MOMENT COMBINANTION (kN.m)

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 1342.02 1342.022 1342 1745 1745 1744.6287 1745 1744.6287237
Superimposed dead load MA 274.063 274.0625 274.06 548.1 548.1 548.125 548.1 548.125
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1616 2909 1616 1616
Truck load "T" TT 1287.5 2318 1288
Braking Force TB 55.2042 55.20423 99.37 99.37 55.204228 55.2
Wind load vehicle EWM 190.58 190.6 190.6 228.69 228.7
Wind load structure EWS 97.675 97.67 97.67 117.20953 117.2
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 3287.29 2958.789 1904.3 5589 4998 4309.8575 3981 4070.3621832
E.6. SHEAR FORCE COMBINANTION (kN)
Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 214.724 214.7235 214.72 279.1 279.1 279.1406 279.1 279.14059579
Superimposed dead load MA 43.85 43.85 43.85 87.7 87.7 87.7 87.7 87.7
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 209.28 376.7 209.28 209.28
Truck load "T" TT 139 250.2 139
Braking Force TB 4.41634 4.416338 7.949 7.949 4.4163383 4.416
Wind load vehicle EWM 15.246 15.25 15.25 18.2952 18.3
Wind load structure EWS 15.628 15.63 15.63 18.753525 18.75
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 472.27 401.9899 289.45 782.4 655.9 617.58566 547.3 601.97794932

F. STEEL GIRDER ULTIMATE STRENGTH

F.1. Steel Girder Analysis and Design During Construction (Non-Composite)

Section Control

L/d = 27.78
1.25*b/tf = 13.39
1.25b/tf < L/d = SECTION OK

d/tw = 52.75
d/w < 75 = SECTION OK

Allowable Stress

For girder composite section is installed diaphragm as lateral bracing with distance:

L1=L/5 = 5.00
c1=(L1*d)/(b*tf) = 502.38
c2=0.63*Es/Fs = 651.72
Since 250 < c1 <c2, allowable stress is determined Fskip = 156.90

Girder Stress

Length of girder L = 25.00

Total load before composite Qtd = 17.18
Maximum bendin moment before composite Mtd = 1,342.02
Bending Stress f = 151.12
Check = SECTION OK

Deflection Calculation

Length of girder L = 25.00

Total load before composite Qtd = 17.18
Modulus Of Elacticity Es = 200,000,000
Moment of Inertia Ix = 0.004110
Deflection before composite dx = 0.1063
Allowable deflection da = 0.1042
Check = NOT OK

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 1,879

Ultimate shear force Vu = 300.6

Material Spesification

Steel Girder
Yield strength fy = 290
Modulus of Easticity Es = 200,000
Yield strain es = 0.00145

Concrete Deck Slab

Yield strength f'c = 20.75
Modulus of Easticity Ec = 21,409.52
Maximum strain ec = 0.003

Cross Section Dimension

Steel Girder
Top flange width bc = 300
Top flange thickness tc = 28
Top flange area Ac = 8,400
Bottom flange width bt = 300
Bottom flange thickeness tt = 28
Bottom flange area At = 8,400
Web height hw = 844
Web thickness tw = 16
Web area Aw = 13,504

Concreten deck slab

Average slab thicness ts = 200
Effective width of slab Beff = 1,600

Section Properties (Non-composite)

Center of gravity Ycg = 450
Moment of inertia at strong axis Ix = 3,996,325,845
Tension section modulus Sxt = 8,880,724
Compression section modulus Sxc = 8,880,724

Flexural Strength
Flexure resistant factor (AASHTO LRFD 6.5.4.2) ff = 1.00
Nominal flexural resistance (Mn = ff.Sx.fy) (AASHTO LRFD 6.11.7.1-1) Mn = 2,575
Check flexural ratio f = 1.37
SECTION OK

F.2. Steel Girder Analysis and Design During Service (Composite)

Ultimate force due to service load
Ultimate bending moment Mu = 3,287
Ultimate shear force Vu = 472.3

Material Spesification

Steel Girder
Yield strength fy = 290
Modulus of Easticity Es = 200,000
Yield strain es = 0.00145

Concrete Deck Slab

Yield strength f'c = 20.75
Modulus of Easticity Ec = 21,409.52
Maximum strain ec = 0.00

Cross Section Dimension

Steel Girder
Top flange width bc = 300
Top flange thickness tc = 28
Top flange area Ac = 8,400
Bottom flange width bt = 300
Bottom flange thickeness tt = 28
Bottom flange area At = 8,400
Web height hw = 844
Web thickness tw = 16
Web area Aw = 13,504

Concreten deck slab

Average slab thicness ts = 200
Effective width of slab Beff = 1,600

Section Properties (composite)

Center of gravity Ycg = -
Moment of inertia at strong axis Ix = -
Tension section modulus Sxt = 12,097,789
Compression section modulus Sxc = 25,056,636

Flexural Strength
Flexure resistant factor (AASHTO LRFD 6.5.4.2) ff = 1.00
Nominal flexural resistance (Mn = ff.Sx.fy) (AASHTO LRFD 6.11.7.1-1) Mn = 3,508
Check flexural ratio f = 1.07
SECTION OK

G. Deflection Calculation
F.3. Lateral Torsional Buckling Analysis

Unbraced length Lb = 4,167

Minimun yield strength of the compression flange Fyc = 290
Full width of the flange bfc = 300
Depth of the web in compression Dc = 844
Thickness of compression flange tfc = 28
Thickness of web tw = 16
Compression flange stress at onset of nominal yielding Fyr = 203
(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Effective radius of gyration for lateral torsional buckling (mm)
(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
rt = 69.88

Limiting unbraced length to achieve nominal flexural resistance

(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Lp = 1,835.14

Limiting unbraced length to achieve the onset nominal yielding

(AASHTO LRFD 6.10.8.2.3)
Lr = 6,890.80

Hybrid ratio Rh = 1.00

Shedding factor Rb = 1.00
Slendernes ratio lf = 5.36
Limiting slenderness ratio lpf = 11.93
Moment gradient modifier Cb = 1.02
Lateral torsional buckling resistance Fnc = 253.88

Fcr = 564.09

Sxc = -

F. GAYA PRATEGANG, EKSENTRISITAS DAN JUMLAH TENDON

F.1. KONDISI AWAL (SAAT TRANSFER)
Mutu beton, K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 20750
Kuat tekan beton saat transfer, fci' = #REF!
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009
Luas penampang balok prategang, A = 0.030

Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.100

Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.527
Tegangan di serat atas, 0 = -Pt/A + Pt *es /Wa - Mbalok / Wa
Tegangan di serat bawah, 0.6 fci' = -Pt/a - Pt* es /Wb + Mbalok/Wb
Besarnya gaya prategang awal,
Dari persamaan (1), Pt = Mbalok/(es- Wa/A) Pt1 = 3521.390
Dari persamaan (2), Pt = [ 0.6*fci' * Wb + Mbalok] / (Wb/A + es) Pt2 = #REF!
Diambil gaya prategang, Pt = Min ( Pt1 ; Pt2) Pt = #REF!

F.2. KONDISI AKHIR

Jenis strand #REF!
Tegangan leleh strand fpy = 500000
Kuat tarik strand fpu = 290000
Diameter nominal strands Dn = 200.000
Luas tampang nominal satu strands Ast = 3.00E-07
Beban putus minimal satu strands (100% UTS ) Pbs = 83333.330
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) ns = 9.000
Diameter selubung ideal Dselubung = #REF!
Luas tampang strands Ast = ns * Ast Ast = 0.00000
Beban putus satu tendon Pb1 = Pbs * ns Pb1 = 749999.970
Modulus elastis strands Es = #REF!
Tipe angkur #REF!
Gaya prategang awal Pt = #REF!
Beban putus satu tendon : Pb1 = 749999.970
Beban putus minimal satu strand : Pbs = 83333.330
Maka jumlah tendon yg diperlukan : nt = Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pb1) nt = #REF!
diambil jumlah tendon ns= Pt / (0.85*0.8*Pbs) nt = #REF!
Jumlah kawat untaian (strands cable) yg diperlukan ns = #REF!
Maka diambil ns = 27.000
#REF!

Posisi Baris Tendon

nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Persentase tegangan leleh yang timbul pada baja (% jacking force) :

P0 = Pt / (0.85* ns * Pbs) P0 = #REF!
#REF!
Penarikan tendon awal, P0 = 70.00%
Gaya prategang yang terjadi akibat jacking Pj = P0 * ns * Pbs Pj = 1574999.937
Diperkirakan kehilangan tegangan (los of prestress) = % loss = 25
Gaya prategang akhir setelah kehilangan tegangan (loss of prestress) sebesar :
Peff = Pj * (100 % -% loss) Peff = 1181249.95275

F.3. PEMBESIAN BALOK PRATEGANG

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13
Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323
Luas tampang bagian bawah, A Bawah
= b5 * h5 + 1/2* b4 * h4 + b3 * h4 ABawah = #REF!
Luas tulangan bagian bawah, AS Bawah
= 0.5 % A Bawah
AS Bawah
= #REF!
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan, n perlu
= #REF!
Maka digunakan tulangan, #REF! D 13

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323
Luas tampang bagian atas A Atas
= b1 * h1 + 1/2 *b2 * h2 * 2 + b3 * h2 Aatas = #REF!
Luas tulangan bagian atas AS Atas
= 0.5 % A Atas
AS atas
= #REF!
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= #REF!
Maka digunakan tulangan #REF! D 13

Diameter tulangan arah memanjang, D = 13

Luas 1 buah tulangan, AS = 0.0001327323
= b3 * (h3-h2-h4) ABadan = #REF!
= #REF!
Jumlah tulangan yang diperlukan n perlu
= #REF!
Maka digunakan tulangan #REF! D 13

F.4. POSISI TENDON

Posis tendon di tengah bentang Posis tendon di tumpuan

F.5. POSISI TENDON DI TENGAH BENTANG

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-1 a = 0.1000
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 1 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 9 Strands
Jumlah tendon baris ke nt1 = 3 Tendon 9 strands/tendon = 18 Strands
Total nt = 1 Tendon ns = 27 Strands

Eksentrisitas es = 0.35
Jarak titik berat tendon thdp alas balok, Z0 = 0.1000
yd = jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon
Momen statis tendon terhadap alas, ns * Z0 = n1 * yd
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon yd = 2.7000
Jarak vertikal antara as ke as baris tendon pakai, yd = 0.1000
Diameter selubung tendon, D = #REF!
Jarak vertikal antara selubung tendon, yd - D = #REF!
#REF!

F.6. POSISI TENDON DI TUMPUAN

Diambil jarak dari alas balok ke as baris tendon ke-4 : a' = 0.4000
Posisi Baris Tendon
nt1 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt2 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt3 = 1 Tendon 7 strands/tendon = 7 Strands
nt = 3 Tendon ns = 21 Strands

ye = Letak titik berat terhadap pusat tendon terbawah

Letak titik berat penampang balok terhadap alas, yb = 0.4500
Momen statis tendon terhadap pusat tendon terbawah :
ni yd' ni * yd'
7 0 0
7 1 7
7 2 14
Sni * yd' / yd' 21

Sni * yd' = ns * ye
ye/yd' = [Sni * yd' / yd']/ns ye/yd ' = 1.0000
ye = yb - a' ye = 0.0500
yd ' min
= ye / [ye/yd'] yd' = 0.0500
yd' = 0.3000
Z0 = a' + ye = yb Z0 = 0.4500
F.7. EKSENTRISITAS MASING - MASING TENDON

Nomor Tendon Posisi Tendon Tumpuan , X = 0 Zi '

(m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = a' + 2 yd' 1.000
2 Z2' = a' + yd' 0.700
3 Z1' = a' 0.400
Nomor Tendon
Posisi Tendon Lapangan , X = 12.5 Zi (m) Sket Tendon
1 Z1' = yd 0.100
2 Z2' = a 0.100
3 Z3' = a 0.100
Nomor Tendon fi = Zi' - Zi fi (m)
1 f1 =Z1' -Z1 0.900
2 f2 =Z2' -Z2 0.600
3 f3 =Z3' -Z3 0.300

F.8. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (CABLE)

Panjang Balok Prategang L0 = 25.0000
Eksentrisitas es = 0.3500
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Nilai konstanta, f = es f = 0.3500

x y x y x y
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
-0.3 -0.017 6.9 0.280 14.1 0.344
0 0.000 7.2 0.287 14.4 0.342
0.3 0.017 7.5 0.294 14.7 0.339
0.6 0.033 7.8 0.301 15 0.336
0.9 0.049 8.1 0.307 15.3 0.332
1.2 0.064 8.4 0.312 15.6 0.328
1.5 0.079 8.7 0.318 15.9 0.324
1.8 0.094 9 0.323 16.2 0.319
2.1 0.108 9.3 0.327 16.5 0.314
2.4 0.121 9.6 0.331 16.8 0.309
2.7 0.135 9.9 0.335 17.1 0.303
3 0.148 10.2 0.338 17.4 0.296
3.3 0.160 10.5 0.341 17.7 0.289
3.6 0.173 10.8 0.344 18 0.282
3.9 0.184 11.1 0.346 18.3 0.275
4.2 0.196 11.4 0.347 18.6 0.267
4.5 0.207 11.7 0.349 18.9 0.258
4.8 0.217 12 0.349 19.2 0.249
5.1 0.227 12.3 0.350 19.5 0.240
5.4 0.237 12.6 0.350 19.8 0.231
5.7 0.246 12.9 0.350 20.1 0.221
6 0.255 13.2 0.349 0.3 0.017
6.3 0.264 13.5 0.348
6.6 0.272 13.8 0.346

Jarak ujung balok ke perletakan, x0 = 0.3000

Eksentrisitas tumpuan, e0 = 0.0170
L/2 + x0 = 12.8000
es + e0 = 0.3670
Kemiringan angkur, α AB
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α AB = 0.0573
Kemiringan angkur, α BC
= 2* (es + e0 )/ (L/2 + x0) α BC = 0.0573
Gambar. Komponen Lintasan Tendon

G. SUDUT ANGKUR
Persamaan lintasan tendon, y = 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )
Turunan persamaan lintasan tendon dy/dx = 4 * f / L2 * ( L - 2x )
Untuk x = 0 (posisi angkur di tumpuan), maka : dy/dx = 4 * f / L
Persamaan sudut angkur, α = ATAN(dy/dx)

Dia. Sudut Angkur

No Tendon Jumlah Strand Selubung Eksentrisitas fi (m) dY/dX
1 7 #REF! f1 = 0.900 0.144 0.14301687 8.1942633346
2 7 #REF! f2 = 0.6 0.096 0.09570671 5.4835904445
3 7 #REF! f3 = 0.3 0.048 0.04796319 2.7480881801

G.1. TATA LETAK DAN TRACE KABEL

Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000
Eksentrisitas, f0 = es = 0.3500
Titik berat serat bawah, yb = 0.4500
Eksentritas tendon 1, f1 = 0.9000
Eksentritas tendon 2, f2 = 0.6000
Eksentritas tendon 3, f3 = 0.3000
Posisi masing masing kabel, Zi =Zi' - 4 * f * x / L2 * ( L - x )

Jarak Trace Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z0 Z1 Z2 Z3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 450 1000 700 400
0.5 423 929 653 376
1 396 862 608 354
1.5 371 797 565 332
2 347 735 523 312
2.5 324 676 484 292
3 302 620 447 273
3.5 281 567 411 256
4 262 516 377 239
4.5 243 469 346 223
5 226 424 316 208
5.5 210 382 288 194
6 195 343 262 181
6.5 181 307 238 169
6.75 174 290 227 163
7 168 274 216 158
7.5 156 244 196 148
8 145 217 178 139
8.5 136 192 161 131
9 127 171 147 124
9.5 120 152 135 117
10 114 136 124 112
10.5 109 123 115 108

1250

1100

950

800

650 Tendon
1
Tendon
2
500

350
800

650 Tendon
1
Tendon
2
500

350

200

50

2.5

8.5
0

0.5

1.5

3.5

4.5

5.5

6.5

7.5

9.5

10
-100

Gambar. Tipe - Tipe Angkur

G.2. LINTASAN INTI TENDON (HORIZONTAL)

Jarak Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon Posisi Masing - Masing Tendon

X Z1 Z2 Z3 y1 y2 y3
(m) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)
0 1000 700 400 0 0 0
0.5 929 653 376 0 0 0
1 862 608 354 0 0 0
1.5 797 565 332 0 0 0
2 735 523 312 0 0 0
2.5 676 484 292 0 0 0
3 620 447 273 0 0 0
3.5 567 411 256 0 0 0
4 516 377 239 0 0 0
4.5 469 346 223 0 0 0
5 424 316 208 0 0 0
5.5 382 288 194 0 31 -31
6 343 262 181 0 60 -60
6.5 307 238 169 0 86 -86
6.75 290 227 163 0 98 -98
7 274 216 158 0 109 -109
7.5 244 196 148 0 130 -130
8 217 178 139 0 148 -148
8.5 192 161 131 0 164 -164
9 171 147 124 0 177 -177
9.5 152 135 117 0 187 -187
10 136 124 112 0 195 -195
10.5 123 115 108 0 200 -200

250

200

150

100

Tendon
50 1
Tendon
2
Tendon
3
0 Web [1]
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 Web [2]

-50

-100

-150

-200

H. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN (LOSS OF PRESTRESS) PADA CABLE

H.1. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN ANGKUR (ANCHORAGE FRICTION)
Gaya prategang akibat jacking (jacking force) : Pj = 1574999.9370
Kehilangan gaya akibat gesekan angkur diperhitungkan sebesar 3% dari gaya prategang akibat jacking
% Angkur = 3.0000
P0 = 1527749.9389

H.2. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT GESEKAN CABLE (JACK FRICTION )

Kehilangan akibat gesekan sepanjang tendon dihitung berdasarkan analisis dari gaya desak tendon pada selongsong gaya
Ppx =Ppj * e ^ (-Σ(µ*αi+k*Li))
Dimana,
PPX = Gaya prategang efektif tergesek pada lokasi sejarak x (di mana x = ΣLi) dari ujung penegangan (jacking),
setelah kehilangan prategang akibat gesekan, kN.
PPJ = Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking) sebelum memperhitungkan kehilangan prategang, kN.
k = Koefisien gesekan akibat simpangan menyudut persatuan panjang tendon yang direncanakan (dalam rad/m).
Besarnya nilai k adalah sebagai berikut:
a. Untuk selongsong yang diberikan pelumas bisa diambil sebesar 0.0003 - 0.0020 rad/m
b. untuk kawat baja (wire) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil 0.0010 - 0.0020 rad/m
c. Untuk kawat untai (strand) pada selongsong logam yang berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0005 - 0.002 rad/m
d. Untuk batang baja (bar) pada selongsong logam yang berpemukaan berprofil bisa diambil sebesar 0.0001 - 0.0006 rad/m

µ = Koefisien gesekan akibat adanya lengkungan tendon

Nilainya sebagai berikut:
a. untuk selongsong yang diberi pelumas dapat diambil 0.05 - 0.15
b. untuk selongsong logam dengan permukaan berprofil dapat diambil 0.15 - 0.25

Gaya prategang di ujung penegangan (jacking), Ppj = 1527749.9389

Bilangan natural, e = 2.7183
Kemiringan angkur, α AB = 0.0573
Kemiringan angkur, α BC = 0.0573
α = α AB
+ α BC α = 0.1147
µ = 0.2500
k = 0.0020
Setengah bentang, Li = 12.5000
panjang balok prategang, Li = 25.0000
Setengah bentang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 1447914.1808
Ujung balok prategang, PPX =PPJ * e -Σ(µ*αi+k*Li)
PPX = 1412165.0523

H.3. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PEMENDEKAN ELASTIS (ELASTIC SHORTENING)

Jarak titik berat tendon baja terhadap titik berat tampang balok, es = 0.3500
Momen inersia tampang balok beton, Ix = 0.0040
Luas tampang balok beton, A = 0.0303
Modulus elastis balok beton, E balok = 2.14E+07
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = #REF!
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0000
Beban putus satu strands, Pbs = 83333.3300
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.5273
Luas tampang tendon baja prategan, At = ns * Ast At = 0.0000
Modulus ratio antara baja prategang dengan balok beton, n = Es / Ebalok n = #REF!
Jari - jari inersia penampang balok beton, i = √(Ix / A) i = 0.3631
Ke = At / A * (1+ es2 + i2) Ke = 0.0004010082
Tegangan baja prategang sebelum loss prestress (di tengah bentang) :
σpi = ns * Pb1 / At σpi = 277777766666.667
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik dengan memperhitungkan pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe' = σpi * n * Ke / (1 + n * Ke) Δspe' = #REF!
Tegangan beton pada level bajanya oleh pengaruh gaya prategang Pt :
σbt = Δσpe ' / n - Mbalok * es / Ix σbt = #REF!
Kehilangan tegangan pada baja oleh regangan elastik tanpa pengaruh berat sendiri :
Δσpe= 1/2* n * σbt Δspe = #REF!
Loss of prestress akibat pemendekan elastis, ΔPe =Δσpe * At ΔPe = #REF!

H.4. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT PENGANGKURAN (ANCHORING)

Panjang tarik masuk (berkisar antara 2 - 7 mm) diambil 5mm, Δ L = 0.005
Modulus elastis baja prategang, Es = #REF!
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, At = 0.0000
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan angkur, P0 = 1527749.9389
Loss of prestress akibat gesekkan cable, Px = 1447914.1808
Jarak dari ujung sampai tengah bentang balok, Lx = 12.5000
Kemiringan diagram gaya, m = tan w = (P0 - Px)/Lx m = 6386.8606484673
Jarak pengaruh kritis slip nagkur dari ujung, L max = √ (ΔL * Es * At / m) Lmax = #REF!
Loss of prestress akibat angkur, ΔP = 2 * Lmax * m ΔP = #REF!
P' max = P0 - ΔP / 2 P' max
= #REF!
P max
= P' max
- Δpe P max
= #REF!

H.5. KEHILANGAN TEGANGAN AKIBAT RELAXATION OF TENDON

H.5.1 Pengaruh Susut (Shrinkage)
Nilai regangan susut rencana beton pada umur t(har εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u

dengan penegertian:
εcs.t : Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, dan
t : umur beton yang dirawat basah di lokasi pekerjaan, terhitung sejak 7 hari setelah pengecoran (hari)
εcs.u : Nilai susut maksimum beton. εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs
Nilai λcs ditentukan oleh kondisi campuran beton dan lingkungan pekerjaan:
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s
Dimana:
Kh.s : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.s : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.s : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.s : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kb.s : faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton (C(kg/m3))
Kac.s : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))

Dalam kondisi standar :

- faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat : H = 70.00
- faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton : d = 15.00
- faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton: s = 7.50
- Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton: F = 50.00
- faktor pengaruh jumlah semen dalam beton: B = 9.00
- faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton; AC = 6.00

Maka didapatkan nilai dari:

Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kh.s = 0.7000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kd.s = 1.0025
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Ks.s = 1.0100
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kf.s = 1.0000
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kb.s = 1.0560
Dari grafik 4.4-1 Perencanaan Struktur Beton Untuk Jembatan" Kac.s = 0.9980
t = 28.0000
λcs = Kh.s * Kd.s * Ks.s * Kf.s * Kb.s * Kac.s λcs = 0.746961563
Nilai susut maksimum beton, εcs.u = 780 x 10 ^(-6) * λcs εcs.u = 0.000583
Nilai regangan susut beton pada umur t hari, εcs.t = (t/(35+t))*εcs.u εcs.t = 0.000259
Modulus elastis baja prategang (strand), Es = #REF!
Tegangan susut, σsh = Es * εcs.t σsh = #REF!

H.5.2 Pengaruh Rayapan (Creep)

Rangkak, yang merupakan regangan jangka panjang yang tergantung waktu pada suatu kondisi tegangan tetap, dan yang akan
mengakibatkan suatu tambahan regangan terhadap regangan elastis beton, bisa dihitung dalam perbandingannya terhadap
regangan elastis, melalui suatu koefisien rangkak (Øcc(t)), dimana:
εcc.t = Øcc(t)*εe
εe merupakan regangan elastis sesaat, yang diakibatkan oleh bekerjanya suatu tegangan tetap. Dalam hal koefisien Øcc(t)
tidak dilakukan pengukuran atau pengujian secara khusus, bisa dihitung dari rumusan:
εe = fc / Ebalok
Øcc(t) =( t 0.6/(10 + t0.6))* Cu
Cu = 2.35 * λcc
λcc =Kh.c * Kd.c * Ks.c * Kf.c * Kac.c * Kto.c
Dimana:
Kh.c : faktor pengaruh kelembaban relatif udara stempat ( H (%))
Kd.c : faktor pengaruh ketebalan komponen beton (d(cm))
Ks.c : faktor pengaruh konsistensi (slump) adukan beton (s(cm))
Kf.c : Faktor pengaruh kadar agregat halus dalam beton (F(%))
Kac.c : faktor pengaruh kadar udara dalam beton (AC(%))
Kto.c : faktor pengaruh umur beton saat dibebani (to(hari))

Tabel koefisien standar rangkak beton sebagai tambahan regangan jangka panjang

Kekuatan karakteristik fc'(Mpa) 20 25 30 35 40-60

Koefisien rangkak maksimum Cu 2.80 2.50 2.30 2.15 2.00

Kekuatan karakteristik beton, fc' = 20.75

Koefisien rangkak maksimum, Cu = 2.00
Umur beton, t = 28.00
Øcc(t) = 0.8495203199
P initial (keadaan saat transfer) di tengah bentang, Pi = PPx - ΔPe Pi = #REF!
Pi /(ns*Pbs) = #REF!
Momen akibat berat sendiri balok, Mbalok = 200.5273
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009
Modulus elastisitas balok, E balok = 2.14E+07
Eksentrisitas ditengah bentang, es = 0.3500
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030
Tegangan beton di serat atas, σatas = -Pi/A +Pi.es/Wa - Mbalok/Wa σatas = #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat bawah, σbawah = -Pi/A -Pi.es/Wb + Mbalok/Wb σbawah = #REF!
σc = #REF!
Regangan yang terjadi, ec = σc / E balok
ee = #REF!
Rangkak yang terjadi, εcc.t = #REF!
Tegangan akibat creep, σcr = εcc.t * Es σcr = #REF!
Tegangan akibat creep dan shrinkage, Δσsc = #REF!
σpi= Pi / At σpi= #REF!
Besar tegangan terhadap UTS, Pi /(ns*Pbs) = #REF!
X = 0 σpi < 50% UTS
X = 1 σpi = 50% UTS
X = 2 σpi = 70% UTS
X = 2.00
Relaxasi 1000 jam pada 70%UTS c = 2.50
σr = X *c * ( σpi - Δσsc ) σr = #REF!
loss of prestress jangka panjang, ∆σsc + σr = #REF!
∆P = (∆σsc + σr) * At ∆P = #REF!
Gaya efektif di tengah bentang balok, Peff = #REF!
Kehilangan gaya prategang total, % LOP = (1- Peff/ Pj)*100 % LOP = #REF!
Persentase kehilangan asumsi awal, % EST = 25
Cukup dekat dengan estimasi awal
(Kehilangan gaya prategang akhir = 25%) OK!
Kontrol tegangan pada tendon baja pasca tarik segera setelah penyaluran gaya prategang :
Tegangan ijin tendon baja pasca tarik : 0.7* fPU = 203000
= Peff
/At fp = #REF!
#REF!

Gaya Satuan (kN) Kehilangan Gaya Prategang % UTS

PJ 1574999.9370 Akibat jacking force 90.000
P0 1527749.9389 Akibat gesekan angkur 87.300
Px 1447914.1808 Akibat elastic shortening 82.738
Pi #REF! Akibat relaksasi tendon #REF!
Peff #REF! Gaya Prategang efektif #REF!
Loss Of Prestress (%) #REF!

Batas Tegangan Izin Tarik dan Tekan untuk Beton Berdasarkan SNI beton untuk Jembatan dan AASHTO LRFD adalah sebagai
berikut:
Batas Tegangan
Kondisi Rumus Beton K -250
(Mpa)

0.500 ∗ √(𝑓_𝑐′ )
a. Tarik 2.278

b. Tekan akibat beban tetap / permanen - 0.45∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -9.338

c. Tekan akibat beban tetap dan transien / layan - 0.60∗ 𝑓_𝑐′ -12.450

Kuat tekan beton awal (saat transfer), fci' = #REF!

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 20.750

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Saat Transfer

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 16600.00
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc = -9960.00
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft = 1018.58
Gaya prategang awal, Pt = 1447914.18
Momen balok, Mbalok = 200.53
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350
Tegangan serat atas, fa = 9261817.32
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, NG!!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = -104821095.35
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, NG!!
I.2. KEADAAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS
Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc ' fci' = 16600.00
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc ' fc = -9337.50
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft
= 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft= 2277.61
Gaya prategang awal, Peff= #REF!
Momen balok, Mbalok= 200.53
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350
Tegangan serat atas, fa = #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc' fci' = 16600.00
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.6 * fci' fc = -9960.00
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, f t
= 0.25 * SQRT (fci') ft = 1018.58
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = #REF!
Momen balok Mbalok= 200.53
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 600.00
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009
Luas balok prategang, A = 0.030
Eksentrisitas tendon, es = 0.350
Tegangan serat atas, fa = #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, fb = #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Mutu beton balok prategang K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20750.00
Kuat tekan beton pada kondisi awal (saat transfer), fci ' = 0.8 * fc ' fci' = 16600.00
Tegangan ijin tekan beton, fc = -0.45 * fc ' fc = -9337.50
Tegangan ijin tarik beton, ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 2277.61
Gaya prategang awal, Peff = #REF!
Momen balok Mbalok= 200.53
Momen pelat, Mpelat= 600.00
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642
Tegangan serat atas, f ac = #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat atas, #REF!
Tengan Serat bawah, f bc
= #REF!
Kontrol tegangan serat bawah, #REF!

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Setelah Pelat dan balok Menjadi Komposit

J.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI
Momen akibat beban sendiri MMS = 1342.022
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MMS / Wac f ac
= -53559.547
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MMS / W'ac f ' ac
= -23652.141
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMS / Wbc f bc
= 110931.186

Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Berat Sendiri

J.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN
Momen akibat beban sendiri MMA = 274.063
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MMA / Wac f ac
= -10937.721
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac
= -MMA / W'ac f ' ac
= -4830.148
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MMA / Wbc f bc
= 22653.933

J.3. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

J.3.1. TEGANGAN AKIBAT SUSUT BETON (SHRINKAGE)
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification):
Ps = Aplat * Eplat * ∆ εsu * n * [(1 - e-cf)/cf]
dimana,
Aplat = Luas penampang plat
Eplat = modulus elastis balok
e = bilangan natural
n = Eplat/Ebalok

Luas penampang pelat, A plat

= Beff * h0 A plat = 0.034
Modulus elastis pelat, Eplat = #REF!
Modulus elastis balok, Ebalok= 2.14E+07
Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
perbandingan Epelat/Ebalok, n = Eplat / Ebalok n = #REF!
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = yac - ho / 2
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.258
Koefisien, kb = 0.905
kc = 3.000
Kd = 0.938
ke = 0.734
ktn = 0.200
cf = kb * kc * kd * ke * ( 1 - ktn) = cf = 1.495
Regangan akibat susut, ∆εsu = 0.000259
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = #REF!
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /Wac f ac
= #REF!
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac =Ps/Ac - Ps * e' /W'ac f ' ac
= #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = Ps/Ac + Ps * e' /Wbc f bc
= #REF!
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Susut

J.3.2. TEGANGAN AKIBAT RANGKAK BETON (CREEP)

Residual creep (menurut NAASRA Bridge Design Specification) dinyatakan dengan persamaan :
σcr = (1-e-cf) * (σ2-σ1)
σ2 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi awal sebelum loss of prestress,
σ1 = tegangan pada balok komposit pada kondisi akhir setelah loss of prestress.
cf = the residual creep factor
e = bilangan natural

Residual creep factor, cf = 1.495

Bilangan natural, e = 2.718
Gaya prestress awal, Pi = #REF!
Gaya prestress efektif, Peff = #REF!
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642
Momen balok + Momen pelat, Mbalok+pelat= 800.53
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065

Tegangan pada balok sebelum loss of prestress,

Tegangan beton di serat atas plat,f ac = -Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac f ac
= #REF!
Tegangan f
Beton di serat atas balok,ac
= -Pi/Ac + Pi * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac f ' ac
= #REF!
Tegangan f bc = -Pi/Ac - Pi * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc
beton di serat bawah balok, f bc
= #REF!

Tegangan pada balok setelah loss of prestress,

Tegangan f ac = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / Wac
beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= #REF!
Tegangan f ac = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's/Wac - Mbalok+plat / W'ac
Beton di serat atas balok, f ' ac
= #REF!
Tegangan f bc = -Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wac + Mbalok+plat / Wbc
beton di serat bawah balok, f bc
= #REF!

σ2 σ1 σ2- σ1 (1 - e-cf)
kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133
Tegangan beton di serat atas balok (f'ac) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok (fbc) = #REF! #REF! #REF! 0.7758421133

Susut Rangkak Susut + Rangkak

kPa kPa kPa
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fac) = #REF! #REF! #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (f'ac) = #REF! #REF! #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat (fbc) = #REF! #REF! #REF!

J.4. TEGANGAN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya prategang efektif Peff = #REF!
Eksentrisitas tendon untuk penampang komposit e's = 0.642
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f = -Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /Wac
ac f ac
= #REF!
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac
= - Peff/Ac + Peff * e's /W'ac f ' ac
= #REF!
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = - Peff/Ac - Peff * e's/Wbc f bc
= #REF!
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Prategang

J.5.a. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD )

Momen akibat beban lajur, MTD = 1616.000
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MTD / Wac f ac
= -64493.892
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac
= -MTD / W'ac f ' ac
= -28480.798
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTD / Wbc f bc
= 133578.126

J.5.b. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK "TT"

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT = 1287.500
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MTT / Wac f ac
= -51383.593
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTT / W'ac f ' ac
= -22691.230
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTT / Wbc f bc
= 106424.404
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Lajur

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB = 55.204

Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MTB / Wac f ac
= -2203.178
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MTB / W'ac f ' ac
= -972.933
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MTB / Wbc f bc
= 4563.167
J.7. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)
Momen akibat beban angin, MEW = 288.250
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -MEW / Wac f ac
= -11503.923
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac = -MEW / W'ac f ' ac
= -5080.185
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MEW / Wbc f bc
= 23826.635
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Beban Angin
J.8. TEGANGAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)
Momen akibat beban gempa, MEQ = 161.608
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac
= -MEQ / Wac f ac
= -6449.727
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f' ac
= -MEQ / W'ac f ' ac
= -2848.229
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f bc = MEQ / Wbc f bc
= 13358.512

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur : Pt = At * Ebalok * α *T(y)

Daimana,
At = Luas tampang yang ditinjau
T(y) = distribusi temperatur dalam fungsi (y)
Untuk beton, T(y) = (T+8) - 0.05*y
y = Tebal segmen yang ditinjau (mm)

y = 0.300
Momen akibat temperatur
Gambar. Tegangan Balok Akibat Temperatur

Suhu di permukaan pelat, (T+8) = 15

Menentukan T(y) = 0, y = (T+8)/0.05 y = 300.000
Perbedaan temperatur ΔT = 15.000
Modulus elastis balok Ebalok = 2.14E+07
Koefisien muai panjang untuk beton, α = 1.08E-05
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), ybc = 0.742
Letak titik berat (serat atas), yac = 0.358
Lebar efektif pelat, Beff = 14.947
Tinggi balok prategang, h = 0.900

Lebar Tebal Luas Temperatur Gaya Lengan terhadap titik

Zi
No b h At Atas Bawah Pt berat penampang
(m) (m) (m2) Ta (°C) Tb (°C) (kN) Komposit m
0 1.600 0.200 0.32 15.00 5.00 739.91297356 z0 = yac - h0 /2 0.2581691252
1 0.300 0.028 0.0084 5.00 3.60 8.3517676891 z1 = yac - h0 - h1 /2 0.1441691252
2 0.000 0.072 0 1.50 0.00 0 z2 = yac - h0 - h1 - h2/2 0.0941691252
S Pt = 748.26474125 SMPt =

eksentrisitas, ep = SMPt / S Pt ep = 0.257

Tegangan akibat perbedaan temperatur,
Tegangan beton di serat atas plat, f ac = -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/Wac f ac
= 15793.709
Tegangan Beton di serat atas balok, f ac = -Ebalok*b*ΔT + SPt/Ac + SPt*ep/W'ac f ' ac
= 11509.872
Tegangan beton di serat bawah balok, f ac = SPt/Ac - SPt*ep/Wbc f bc
= 24011.430

J.9. RESUME TEGANGAN

Aksi / Beban
f ac
(kPa) f ' ac (kPa) f bc
(kPa)
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS -53559.547 -23652.141 110931.186
Beban mati tambahan MA -10937.721 -4830.148 22653.933
Susut Rangkak SR #REF! #REF! #REF!
Beban Prategang PR #REF! #REF! #REF!
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" TD -64493.892 -28480.798 133578.126
Beban Truk "TT" TT -51383.593 -22691.230 106424.404
Beban Gaya rem TB -2203.178 -972.933 4563.167
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET 15793.709 11509.872 24011.430
Beban angin EW -11503.923 -5080.185 23826.635
Beban Gempa EQ -6449.727 -2848.229 13358.512

K. KONTROL TEGANGAN TERHADAP KOMBINASI PEMBEBANAN

Mutu Beton, K - 500
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 41500.00
Tegangan ijin tekan beton fc = -0.45 * fc' fc = -18675.00
Tegangan ijin tarik beton ft = 0.5 * SQRT (fc') ft = 3221.02

Simbol Kombinasi Pembebanan

Aksi / Beban
1 2 3 4
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri MS √ √ √ √
Beban mati tambahan MA √ √ √ √
Susut Rangkak SR √ √ √ √
Beban Prategang PR √ √ √ √
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" /Truk "TT" TD/TT √ √ √ √
Beban Gaya rem TB √ √ √ √
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur ET √ √
Beban angin EW √ √
Beban Gempa EQ
Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### 15793.7 #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 11509.9 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 24011.4 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 -5080.2 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 23826.6 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD / TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -64493.9 ### 15793.7 ### #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -28480.8 -972.9 11509.9 -5080.2 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 133578.1 4563.2 24011.4 23826.6 #REF!
Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Teg. Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Teg.
fi MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb.
f ac = -53559.5 -10937.7 #REF! #REF! -6449.7 #REF!
f ' ac = -23652.1 -4830.1 #REF! #REF! -2848.2 #REF!
f bc = 110931.2 22653.9 #REF! #REF! 13358.5 #REF!

Diagram Tegangan Serat Atas (hasil hitungan Midas) Diagram Tegangan Serat Bawah (hasil hitungan Midas)

Jumlah Strand Pbs Pj Sudut

No Tendon po %
ns ( kN ) ( kN ) ( ° )
1 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 8.194
2 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 5.484
3 7 83333.330 #REF! % #REF! 2.748

L.1. PEMBESIAN END BLOCK TENDON 1 (T1)

L.1.1. Perhitungan Strut And Tie Model,
Nomor Tendon, nt = 1.000
Gaya aksial, Pj = #REF!
Jarak vertikal, V = 0.737
Jarak horisontal, H = 5.250
Gaya tie, T = Pj * V /H T = #REF!
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF!

L.1.2. Perhitungan Gaya Bursting,

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Vertikal,
Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1V = 0.300
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = #REF!
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF!

L.1.2.1 Gaya Bursting Horizontal,

Ukuran anchor plate a0 = 0.215
Jarak terdekat dari as angkur ke tepi girder a1H = 0.195
Bursting Force Fstd = 0.25 * Pj * (1 - (a0/2*a1V) + 0.5 * Pj * sin a Fstd = #REF!
Faktor reduksi untuk axial, φ= 0.900
Kuat tarik baja tulangan fy = 390.000
Jumlah tulangan yang dibutuhkan As,req = T / φ / fy As, req
= #REF!

L.1.3. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Vertikal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= #REF!
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000
Luas tulangan, Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 132.732
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = #REF!
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = #REF!
#REF!

L.1.4. Reinforcement Design untuk Arah Horizontal

Luas tulangan yang dibutuhkan, Asv, Req
= #REF!
Digunakan tulangan, D = 13.000
Luas tulangan (digunakan sengkang tertutup), Ast = 1/4 * pi()* D2 Ast = 265.465
Jumlah layer, n = Asv,req / Ast n = #REF!
Tulangan yang tersedia, As = n * Ast As = #REF!
#REF!

Gambar. Sket Penulangan Brusting Steel

V = gaya geser akibat beban
M = momen akibat beban

Gambar. Konstantan Perhitungan Geser

Letak titik berat (serat atas), ya = 0.4500
Letak titik berat (serat bawah), yb = 0.4500

Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis

Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
1 0.300 0.028 1 1 0.0084000 y1 = ya - 1/2*h1 0.436 0.0036624
3 #REF! #REF! 2 0.5 #REF! y3 = ya - h1 - 1/3*h2 #REF! #REF!
4 0.016 0.422 1 1 0.0067520 y4 = ya - h1 - 1/2*h3 0.211 0.0014247
Sxa = #REF!
Dimensi Luas Uraian Jarak Jarak Statis
Lebar Tinggi Jumlah Tampang Titik Berat Thdp Alas Momen
No Shape
b h N A = b * h * N Terhadap y A * y
m m buah m2 Titik Berat m m3
4 0.016 0.422 1 1 0.007 y1 = 1/2*h4 0.211 0.0014247
5 #REF! #REF! 2 0.5 #REF! y2 = yb - h6 - 1/3*h5 #REF! #REF!
6 0.300 0.028 1 1 0.008 y3 = yb - 1/2*h6 0.436 0.0036624
Sxb = #REF!

Eksentrisitas tendon, e = Y = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Sudut kemiringan tendon, α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Komponen gaya arah x, Py = Peff * cos α
Komponen gaya arah y, Py = Peff * sin α
Resultan gaya geser, Vr = V - Py
Tegangan geser yang terjadi, fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )

Untuk tinjauan geser di atas garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fa)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Untuk tinjauan geser di bawah garis netral,

Tegangan beton di serat atas, fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wa + M / Wa
Sudut bidang geser, γ = 1/2*ATAN (2*fv / fb)
Jarak sengkang yang diperlukan, as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Diameter tulangan, D = 13.0000

Luas tulangan, At = 1/4 * pi() * D2 At = 132.7323
Eksentrisitas, f =es = 0.3500
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000
Gaya efektif prategang, Peff = #REF!
Lebar yang ditijau, b = 0.3000
Luas balok, A = 0.0303
Inersia balok, Ix = 0.0040
Momen statis penampang balok, Sx = #REF!
Tahanan momen sisi atas, Wa = 0.009
Tahanan momen sisi bawah, Wb = 0.009

RESUME PERSAMAAN UNTUK TINJAUAN GESER

Persamaan (1), e = 4 * f * X / L2 * (L - X)
Persamaan (2), α = ATAN [ 4 * f * ( L - 2*X ) / L2 ]
Persamaan (3), Px = Peff * cos α
Persamaan (4), Py = Peff * sin α
Persamaan (5), Vr = V - Py
Persamaan (6), fv = Vr * Sx / ( b * Ix )
Persamaan (7), fa = - Px / A + Px * e / Wa - M / Wa
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fa) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fa * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)
atau
Persamaan (7), fb = - Px / A - Px * e / Wb + M / Wb
Persamaan (8), γ = 1/2*[ ATAN (2*fv / fb) ]
Persamaan (9), as = fb * At / ( fv * b * tan γ)

Kode Faktor M V
Q P
No Jenis Beban 1/2*L Tumpuan
Beban Beban
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Berat Balok Balok - 2.567 - - -
2 Berat Pelat Pelat - 7.68 - - -
3 Berat Sendiri MS 1.2 17.177882818 - - -
4 Mati Tambahan MA 2 3.508 - - -
5 Lajur "D" TD 1.8 12.800 98.560 - -
6 Truk "T" TT 1.8 - - 1287.500 139.000
7 Gaya Rem TB 1.8 - - 55.204 4.416
8 Angin Kendaraan EWM 1.2 - - 190.575 15.246
9 Angin Struktur EWS 1.2 1.250 - - -
10 Gempa EQ 1 2.069 - - -

Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
0.5 105.2 21.5 103.0 51.5 2.208 7.623 7.7 12.7 231.9 180.4 142.0 139.4
1 206.1 42.1 202.9 103 4.416 15.246 15.0 24.8 455.5 355.6 278.5 273.1
1.5 302.8 61.8 299.5 154.5 6.625 22.869 22.0 36.5 670.7 525.7 409.5 401.0
2 395.1 80.7 393.0 206 8.833 30.492 28.8 47.6 877.6 690.6 535.0 523.4
2.5 483.1 98.7 483.2 257.5 11.04 38.115 35.2 58.2 1076.0 850.3 655.1 640.0
3 566.9 115.8 570.2 309 13.25 45.738 41.3 68.3 1266.1 1004.9 769.6 750.9
3.5 646.3 132.0 654.1 360.5 15.46 53.361 47.0 77.8 1447.8 1154.3 878.7 856.1
4 721.5 147.3 734.7 412 17.67 60.984 52.5 86.9 1621.2 1298.5 982.3 955.7
4.5 792.3 161.8 812.2 463.5 19.87 68.607 57.7 95.4 1786.2 1437.5 1080.4 1049.5
5 858.9 175.4 886.4 515 22.08 76.23 62.5 103.4 1942.8 1571.4 1173.0 1137.7
5.5 921.2 188.1 957.4 566.5 24.29 83.853 67.0 110.9 2091.0 1700.1 1260.2 1220.2
6 979.1 200.0 ### 618 26.5 91.476 71.3 117.9 2230.9 1823.6 1341.8 1297.0
6.5 ### 210.9 ### 669.5 28.71 99.099 75.2 124.4 2362.4 1941.9 1418.0 1368.1
7 ### 221.0 ### 721 30.91 106.722 78.8 130.3 2485.5 2055.1 1488.7 1433.5
7.5 ### 230.2 ### 772.5 33.12 114.345 82.0 135.8 2600.2 2163.1 1553.9 1493.3
8 ### 238.5 ### 824 35.33 121.968 85.0 140.7 2706.6 2266.0 1613.6 1547.3
8.5 ### 246.0 ### 875.5 37.54 129.591 87.7 145.1 2804.6 2363.6 1667.9 1595.7
9 ### 252.6 ### 927 39.75 137.214 90.0 148.9 2894.3 2456.1 1716.6 1638.3
9.5 ### 258.3 ### 978.5 41.96 144.837 92.0 152.3 2975.5 2543.5 1759.9 1675.3
10 ### 263.1 ### 1030 44.16 152.46 93.8 155.1 3048.4 2625.6 1797.7 1706.6

Berat Beban Angin Angin Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3 Komb. 4
Jarak Lajur Truk Rem Gempa
Sendir Tmbhn. Kend. Str. MS+MA+ MS+MA+ MS+MA+
EWM EWS EWM + EWS MS+MA+EQ
x MS MA TD TT TB EQ TD+TB TT+TB
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
0 214.7 43.9 209.3 103 4.416 15.246 15.6 25.9 472.3 366.0 289.4 284.4
0.5 206.1 42.1 202.9 103 4.416 15.246 15.0 24.8 455.5 355.6 278.5 273.1
1 197.5 40.3 196.5 103 4.416 15.246 14.4 23.8 438.8 345.3 267.5 261.7
1.5 189.0 38.6 190.1 103 4.416 15.246 13.8 22.8 422.0 335.0 256.5 250.3
2 180.4 36.8 183.7 103 4.416 15.246 13.1 21.7 405.3 324.6 245.6 238.9
2.5 171.8 35.1 177.3 103 4.416 15.246 12.5 20.7 388.6 314.3 234.6 227.5
3 163.2 33.3 170.9 103 4.416 15.246 11.9 19.7 371.8 303.9 223.6 216.2
3.5 154.6 31.6 164.5 103 4.416 15.246 11.3 18.6 355.1 293.6 212.7 204.8
4 146.0 29.8 158.1 103 4.416 15.246 10.6 17.6 338.3 283.2 201.7 193.4
4.5 137.4 28.1 151.7 103 4.416 15.246 10.0 16.5 321.6 272.9 190.7 182.0
5 128.8 26.3 145.3 103 4.416 15.246 9.4 15.5 304.8 262.6 179.8 170.7
5.5 120.2 24.6 138.9 103 4.416 15.246 8.8 14.5 288.1 252.2 168.8 159.3
6 111.7 22.8 132.5 103 4.416 15.246 8.1 13.4 271.4 241.9 157.8 147.9
6.5 103.1 21.0 126.1 103 4.416 15.246 7.5 12.4 254.6 231.5 146.9 136.5
7 94.5 19.3 119.7 103 4.416 15.246 6.9 11.4 237.9 221.2 135.9 125.1
7.5 85.9 17.5 113.3 103 4.416 15.246 6.3 10.3 221.1 210.8 124.9 113.8
8 77.3 15.8 106.9 103 4.416 15.246 5.6 9.3 204.4 200.5 114.0 102.4
8.5 68.7 14.0 100.5 103 4.416 15.246 5.0 8.3 187.6 190.2 103.0 91.0
9 60.1 12.3 94.1 103 4.416 15.246 4.4 7.2 170.9 179.8 92.0 79.6
9.5 51.5 10.5 87.7 103 4.416 15.246 3.8 6.2 154.2 169.5 81.1 68.3
10 42.9 8.8 81.3 103 4.416 15.246 3.1 5.2 137.4 159.1 70.1 56.9

M.3. TINJAUAN GESER DI ATAS GARIS NETRAL

Kombinasi III Pers. 1 Pers. 2 Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6 Pers. 7 Pers. 8
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ
0 0.000 289.447 0 0.055942 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
0.5 141.982 278.479 0.02744 0.053708 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1 278.479 267.511 0.05376 0.051474 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1.5 409.493 256.543 0.07896 0.04924 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2 535.023 245.575 0.10304 0.047005 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2.5 655.068 234.607 0.126 0.04477 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3 769.630 223.639 0.14784 0.042534 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3.5 878.707 212.671 0.16856 0.040298 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4 982.301 201.703 0.18816 0.038062 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4.5 1080.410 190.735 0.20664 0.035825 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5 1173.036 179.767 0.224 0.033587 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5.5 1260.177 168.799 0.24024 0.03135 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6 1341.835 157.831 0.25536 0.029112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6.5 1418.008 146.863 0.26936 0.026874 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7 1488.697 135.895 0.28224 0.024635 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7.5 1553.903 124.927 0.294 0.022396 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8 1613.624 113.959 0.30464 0.020157 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8.5 1667.861 102.990 0.31416 0.017918 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9 1716.614 92.022 0.32256 0.015679 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9.5 1759.884 81.054 0.32984 0.013439 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
10 1797.669 70.086 0.336 0.0112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
M.4. TINJAUAN GESER DI BAWAH GARIS NETRAL
Kombinasi III Pers. 1 Pers. 2 Pers. 3Pers. 4Pers. 5Pers. 6 Pers. 7 Pers. 8
x Px Py
Momen Geser e α Vr fv fa γ
0 0.000 289.447 0 0.055942 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
0.5 141.982 278.479 0.02744 0.053708 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1 278.479 267.511 0.05376 0.051474 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
1.5 409.493 256.543 0.07896 0.04924 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2 535.023 245.575 0.10304 0.047005 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
2.5 655.068 234.607 0.126 0.04477 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3 769.630 223.639 0.14784 0.042534 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
3.5 878.707 212.671 0.16856 0.040298 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4 982.301 201.703 0.18816 0.038062 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
4.5 1080.410 190.735 0.20664 0.035825 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5 1173.036 179.767 0.224 0.033587 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
5.5 1260.177 168.799 0.24024 0.03135 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6 1341.835 157.831 0.25536 0.029112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
6.5 1418.008 146.863 0.26936 0.026874 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7 1488.697 135.895 0.28224 0.024635 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
7.5 1553.903 124.927 0.294 0.022396 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8 1613.624 113.959 0.30464 0.020157 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
8.5 1667.861 102.990 0.31416 0.017918 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9 1716.614 92.022 0.32256 0.015679 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
9.5 1759.884 81.054 0.32984 0.013439 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!
10 1797.669 70.086 0.336 0.0112 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

M.4. JARAK SENGKANG YANG DIGUNAKAN (PCI I GIRDER SEGMENTAL (/6M))

x Jarak Sengkang D-13 Jarak yang
(m) Geser 1 Geser 2 diambil
0 #REF! #REF! 50
0.5 #REF! #REF! 50
1 #REF! #REF! 50
1.5 #REF! #REF! 200
2 #REF! #REF! 200
2.5 #REF! #REF! 200
3 #REF! #REF! 200
3.5 #REF! #REF! 200
4 #REF! #REF! 200
4.5 #REF! #REF! 200
5 #REF! #REF! 200
5.5 #REF! #REF! 100
6 #REF! #REF! 100
6.5 #REF! #REF! 100
7 #REF! #REF! 200
7.5 #REF! #REF! 200
8 #REF! #REF! 200
8.5 #REF! #REF! 200
9 #REF! #REF! 200
9.5 #REF! #REF! 200
10 #REF! #REF! 200

N. PERHITUNGAN PENGHUBUNG GESER (SHEAR CONNECTOR)

Tegangan geser horisontal akibat gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau dihitung dengan rumus :
fv = Vi * Sx / ( bv * Ixc )
Dimana,
Vi = gaya lintang pada penampang yang ditinjau
Sx = momen statis luasan plat terhadap titik berat penampang komposit
Sx = beff * h0 * ( yac - h0 / 2 )
bv = lebar bidang gesek ( = lebar bidang kontak antara plat dan balok )
beff = lebar efektif plat
h0 = tebal plat
Ixc = Inersia penampang balok komposit

Luas total shear conector, Ast = ns * As

Dimana,
ns = jumlah shear conector
As = luas satu shear conector
Jarak antara shear conector, dihitung dengan rumus as = fs * Ast * kf / ( fv * bv )
Dimana,
kf = koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak ( = 1 - 1.4 )
fs = tegangan ijin baja shear conector fs = 0.578 * fy
fci = tegangan ijin beton balok komposit
Jika fv > 0.2 * fci maka penampang harus diperbesar
Lebar efektif pelat, beff = 14.9466
Tebal pelat lantai, h0 = 0.2000
Lebar bidang gesek pelat dan balok, bv = 0.3000
Titik berat balok - pelat komposit (sisi atas), yac = 0.3582
Inersia penampang balok komposit, Ixc = 0.0090

Mutu Beton, K - 250

Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 * 1000 fc' = 20750.00
Tegangan ijin beton, fci = 0.3 * fc' fci = 6225.00
Tegangan ijin geser, fvi= 0.2 * fci fvi = 1245.00
Mutu Baja, BJTD 40
Tegangan leleh, fy = 390000.00
Tegangan ijin, fs= 0.578 * fy fs = 225420.00
Koefisien gesek pada bidang kontak, kf = 1.00
Tulangan shear connector, D = 13.0000
Jumlah besi tulangan, n = 2.0000
Luas tulangan, As = 0.0001327
Luas total tulangan geser, Ast = 0.0002655
Momen statis Sx= beff * h0 * (yac - h0/2) Sx = 0.7718

Gambar. Shear Connector

Perhitungan Jarak Shear Connector,

Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Komb.1 Komb.2 Komb.3 Kontrol Komb. 1 Komb. 2 Komb. 3
x fvi
Vi Vi Vi fv fv fv as as as
1245.00
(m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) kPa (m) (m) (m)
0 472.3 366.0 289.4 1E+05 1E+05 82968.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0014735 0.0019013563 0.0024041569
0.5 455.5 355.6 278.5 1E+05 1E+05 79824.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0015276 0.0019566516 0.0024988459
1 438.8 345.3 267.5 1E+05 98980 76680.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0015859 0.0020152595 0.0026012995
1.5 422 335 256.5 1E+05 96015 73537 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0016488 0.0020774868 0.0027125135
2 405.3 324.6 245.6 1E+05 93050 70393 NG (fv > fvi) 0.001717 0.0021436794 0.0028336617
2.5 388.6 314.3 234.6 1E+05 90086 67249.1 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0017909 0.0022142289 0.0029661375
3 371.8 303.9 223.6 1E+05 87121 64105.2 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0018716 0.00228958 0.0031116074
3.5 355.1 293.6 212.7 1E+05 84156 60961.2 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0019598 0.0023702403 0.003272082
4 338.3 283.2 201.7 96980 81191 57817.3 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0020568 0.0024567913 0.0034500089
4.5 321.6 272.9 190.7 92180 78227 54673.3 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0021639 0.0025499028 0.0036483989
5 304.8 262.6 179.8 87381 75262 51529.4 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0022828 0.0026503501 0.0038709974
5.5 288.1 252.2 168.8 82582 72297 48385.4 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0024154 0.0027590357 0.0041225236
6 271.4 241.9 157.8 77783 69332 45241.5 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0025645 0.0028770165 0.0044090082
6.5 254.6 231.5 146.9 72983 66368 42097.5 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0027331 0.0030055381 0.0047382835
7 237.9 221.2 135.9 68184 63403 38953.6 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0029255 0.0031460792 0.0051207105
7.5 221.1 210.8 124.9 63385 60438 35809.7 NG (fv > fvi) 0.003147 0.0033004087 0.0055702885
8 204.4 200.5 114 58585 57473 32665.7 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0034048 0.0034706603 0.0061064068
8.5 187.6 190.2 103 53786 54508 29521.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0037086 0.0036594322 0.0067567139
9 170.9 179.8 92.02 48987 51544 26377.8 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0040719 0.0038699201 0.0075620398
9.5 154.2 169.5 81.05 44188 48579 23233.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0045142 0.0041061001 0.0085853149
10 137.4 159.1 70.09 39388 45614 20089.9 NG (fv > fvi) 0.0050642 0.0043729817 0.009928862

O. LENDUTAN BALOK
O.1. LENDUTAN BALOK PRESTRESS (SEBELUM KOMPOSIT)
Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 21409518.9109891
Inesria balok, Ix = 0.0040
Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.0090
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000
Gaya prategang awal, Pt1 = #REF!
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 200.5273
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500

Beban akibat prategang, QPt1 = 8 * Pt1 * es / L2 QPt1 = #REF!

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 2.5667
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-QPt1 + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF!
#REF!

O.1.2. LENDUTAN SETELAH LOSS OF PRESTRESS

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF!
Momen balok tengah bentang, Mbalok = 200.5273
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = #REF!

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok = 8 * Mbalok / L2 Qbalok = 2.5667
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF!
#REF!

O.1.3. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK SELESAI DICOR (BETON MUDA)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF!
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 800.5273
Eksentritas tendon, es = 0.3500

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * es / L2 QPeff = #REF!

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L2 Qbalok+plat = 10.2467
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ix) δ = #REF!
#REF!

O.1.4. LENDUTAN SETELAH PLAT DAN BALOK MENJADI KOMPOSIT

Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF!
Momen balok + pelat tengah bentang, Mbalok+plat = 800.5273
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418

Beban akibat prategang, QPeff= 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = #REF!

Beban akibat momen, Qbalok+plat = 8 * Mbalok+plat / L2 Qbalok+plat = 10.2467
Lendutan yang terjadi, δ = 5/384 * (-Qpeff + Qbalok+plat)* L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δ = #REF!
#REF!

Modulus elastisitas balok, Ebalok = 21409518.9109891

Inesria balok komposit dengan pelat, Ixc = 0.0090
Panjang bentang, L = 25.0000
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF!
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418
Tahanan momen sisi atas pelat, Wac = 0.025
Tahanan momen sisi atas balok, W'ac = 0.057
Tahanan momen sisi bawah balok komposit, Wbc = 0.012
Luas balok prategang balok komposit, Ac = 0.065

P.1. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI (MS)

Beban akibat berat sendiri, QMS= 17.1779
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMS = 5/384 * QMS * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMS = 0.4547

P.2. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN MATI TAMBAHAN (MA)

Beban akibat beban mati tambahan, QMA= 3.5080
Lendutan yang terjadi, δMA = 5/384 * QMA * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δMA = 0.0929
P.3. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PRESTRESS (PR)
Gaya prategang efektif, Peff= #REF!
Eksentritas tendon, e's = 0.6418
Beban akibat prategang, QPeff = 8 * Peff * e's / L2 QPeff = #REF!
Lendutan yang terjadi, δPR = 5/384 * -QPeff * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δPR = #REF!

P.4. LENDUTAN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK (SR)

P.4.1. Lendutan Akibat Susut (Shrinkage)
Eksentrisitas tendon e' = 0.258
Gaya internal yang timbul akibat susut, Ps = #REF!
Beban akibat susut, QPs = 8 * Ps * e's / L2 QPs = #REF!
Lendutan yang terjadi, δs = 5/384 * QPs * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δs = #REF!

P.4.2. Lendutan Akibat Rangkak (Creep )

Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai selesai dicor (beton muda), δ1 = #REF!
Lendutan pada balok setelah plat lantai dan balok menjadi komposit, δ2 = #REF!
Lendutan akibat rangkak δc = δ2 - δ1 δc = #REF!
Lendutan (superposisi) akibat susut dan rangkak, δSR = δs + δc δSR = #REF!

P.5.a. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN LAJUR "D" (TD)

Beban merata akibat beban lajur, QTD= 12.8000
Beban terpusat akibat beban lajur, PTD= 98.5600
Lendutan yang (5/384 * QTD * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc))+(1/48* PTD * L3 / (Ebalok*Ixc)) δTD = 0.5058

P.5.b. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN TRUK (TT)

Momen akibat beban truk, MTT= 1287.5000
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.2689

P.6. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN REM (TB)

Momen akibat beban rem, MTB= 55.2042
Lendutan yang terjadi, δTB = 0.0642 * MTB * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δTB = 0.0115

P.7. LENDUTAN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR (ET)

Gaya internal akibat temperatur, S Pt = 748.2647
Eksentrisitas, ep = 0.2569
Lendutan yang terjadi, δET = 0.0642 * SPt * ep * L2/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δET = 0.0401

P.8. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN (EW)

Beban akibat beban angin, QEW= 30.4920
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEW = 5/384 * QEW * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEW = 0.8072

P.9. LENDUTAN AKIBAT BEBAN GEMPA (EQ)

Beban akibat beban gempa, QEQ= 2.0686
Lendutan yang terjadi, δEQ = 5/384 * QEQ * L4/ (Ebalok * Ixc) δEQ = 0.0548

P.10. KONTROL LENDUTAN BALOK TERHADAP KOMBINASI BEBAN

Lendutan maksimum yang diijinkan, δ = L / 250 δ = 0.1000
Lendutan untuk beban lalu Lintas, δ = L / 800 δ = 0.0313

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.0401 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.80717 #REF!
Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 0.5058 0.0115 0.0401 0.80717 #REF!

Lndt.Ber SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur "TD" Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa lendutan
MS MA SR PR TD TB ET EW EQ Komb.
δ
(m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
δ 0.4547 0.0929 #REF! #REF! 5E-02 #REF!

Q. TINJAUAN ULTIMIT BALOK PRESTRESS

Q.1. KAPASITAS MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

Gambar. Tegangan Regangan Balok

Modulus elastis baja prategang (strands) ASTM A-416 Grade 270, Es = #REF!
Jumlah total strands, ns = 21.0000
Luas tampang nominal satu strands, Ast = 0.0000
Tegangan leleh tendon baja prategang, fpy = 500.0000
Tegangan tarik strand, fpu = 290.000
Luas tampang tendon baja prategang, Aps = ns * Ast Aps = 0.0000
Mutu Beton, K - 250
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.75
b1 = 0.85
Untuk nilai, L / H : 35 : fps = feff + 150 + fc' / (100 * ρp) ………. Mpa
fps harus ≤ feff + 400 MPa
dan harus ≤ 0.8 * fpy

Panjang balok, L = 25.00

Gaya prestress, Peff = #REF!
Tegangan efektif baja prestress feff = Peff / Aps / 1000 feff = #REF!
Luas penampang balok prategang komposit, Ac = 0.06
Rasio luas penampang baja prestress, ρp = Aps / Ac = ρp = 0.00010

Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi

b1 = 0.300 m h1= 0.028 m h= 0.900 m
b2 = 0.000 m h2 = 0.000 m
b3 = 0.016 m h3 = 0.844 m
b4 = 0.000 m h4 = 0.000 m
b5 = 0.300 m h5 = 0.028 m
Beff = 14.95 m h0 = 0.25 m

Tinggi total balok prategang, H = h + h0 H = 1.15000

Ratio, L/H = 21.73913
L/H <35,OK
Letak titik berat tendon baja prategang terhadap alas balok, z0 = 0.10000
Tinggi efektif balok, d = H - z0 d = 1.05000
Tebal plat jembatan, h0 = 0.25000
Diperkirakan, a < ( h0 + h1 + h2 ) a = 0.07816
Gaya tekan beton, Cc = Beff x a x 0.85.fc'
Jarak garis netral terhadap sisi atas, c = a / β1 = c = 0.09196
Regangan baja prestress, εps = 0.003 * (d - c) / c εps = 0.03000
OK (εps < 0.03)
Cc = gaya internal tekan beton,
Ai = luas penampang tekan beton,
yi = jarak pusat berat penampang tekan beton terhadap pusat berat baja prestress,

TEKAN,
Lebar tebal
H aktual Tekan Kumulatif
No b h Catatan
(m) (m) (m) (kN) (kN)
Pelat 14.95 0.25 0.0781626172 20605.311753 20605.3117531
1 0.300 0.028 0 0 20605.3117531
Cc= 20605.311753

TARIK,
Regangan Tegangan Baja
Luas Baja Prategang Tarik
Baja
No Prategang Prategang fps Ts
A (mm2) εps (Mpa) (kN)
Baja Prategang 6.30 0.03 1847.8260869565 11.641304348
Ts = 11.641304348
Cc = Ts 1770.0174428
Gaya internal tekan beton, Cc = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' ]
Momen nominal, Mn = Σ [ Ai * 0.85 * fc' * yi ]

Q.2. GAYA TEKAN BETON DAN MOMEN NOMINAL

Lebar Tinggi Luas Gaya Lengan thd. Pusat baja Momen
No
(m) (m) (m )
2
(kN) prestress y(m) (kN.m)
1 14.95 0.08 1.168267144 20605.311753 y = d - h0 / 2 1.01091869 20830.2947930269
Cc = Ts 20605.311753 M = 20830.2947930269

Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur, φ = 0.80000

Kapasitas momen ultimit balok prestress, Mn = φ * M Mn = 16664.2358344215

R. MOMEN ULTIMIT BALOK

R.1. MOMEN AKIBAT SUSUT DAN RANGKAK
Gaya internal akibat susut, Ps = #REF!
Eksentrisitas gaya susut terhadap pusat penampang, e' = 0.25817
Momen akibat susut, MS = -Ps * e MS = #REF!
Momen akibat rangkak, MR
= ( Pi
- Peff ) * es' MR = #REF!
Momen akibat susut dan rangkak, MSR = MS + MR MSR = #REF!

R.2. MOMEN AKIBAT PENGARUH TEMPERATUR

Gaya internal akibat perbedaan temperatur, Pt = 748.26474
Eksentrisitas gaya terhadap pusat penampang balok, ep' = 0.25690
Momen akibat pengaruh temperatur Met = Pt * ep' Met = 192.227

R.3. MOMEN AKIBAT PRATEGANG

Gaya Prategang efektif, Peff = #REF!
Eksentrisitas tendon, e's = 0.64183
Momen akibat gaya prategang, MPr = -Peff * e's MPr = #REF!

R.4. RESUME MOMEN BALOK

Momen Momen Ultimet
Aksi / Beban Faktor
M kN.m Mu kN.m
A. Aksi Tetap
Berat sendiri KMS 1.3 MMS 1342.0221 MMS * KMS 1744.6287237097
Beban mati tambahan KMA 2 MMA 274.0625 MMA * KMA 548.125
Susut Rangkak KSR 1 MSR #REF! MSR * KSR #REF!
Beban Prategang KPR 1 MPR #REF! MPR * KPR #REF!
B. Aksi Transien
Beban lajur "D" KTD 1.8 MTD 1616.000 MTD * KTD 2908.8
Beban Truk "TT" KTT 1.8 MTT 1287.500 MTT * KTT 2317.5
Beban Gaya rem KTB 1.8 MTB 55.204 MTB * KTB 99.3676106346
C. Aksi Khusus
Pengaruh Temperatur KET 1.2 MET 192.227 MET * MET 230.6721025922
Beban angin KEW 1.2 MEW 288.250 MEW * KEW 345.89953125
Beban Gempa KEQ 1 MEQ 161.60846 MEQ * KEQ 161.6084595161

R.5. KONTROL KOMBINASI MOMEN ULTIMIT

Kapasitas Momen balok, Mn = 16664.24

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 230.7 #REF!
MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 345.9 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 2908.8 99.4 230.7 345.9 #REF!

MomenBer SendiriMati tamb Susut-rang Prategang Lajur/Truk Rem Temperatur Angin Gempa Momen
Mult MS MA SR PR TD/TT TB ET EW EQ Komb.
Mult = 1744.6 548.1 #REF! #REF! 161.6 #REF!

S. PERHITUNGAN DAN PERENCANAAN PERLETAKAN

Data Reaksi ,
Gaya geser maksimum, RU-MAX = Gaya geser maksimum Ultimet RU-MAX = 696.3075
Gaya geser akibat beban hidup kondisi servis, DL-SERV = VMA + VMS DL-SERV = 258.57354
Gaya geser akibat beban mati kondisi servis,LL-SERV
= VTD
+ VTT
+ VTB + VEW + VEQ LL-SERV = 409.42763
Panjang bentang, L = 25.00000
Modulus elatisitas balok, E = 2.14E+07
Inersia balok komposit, Ixc = 0.00897
Beban merata, W SLS 1
= QMS + QMA + QTD + QEQ w SLS 1
= 35.55447
θsx =1/24 * WSLS1 * L3 / (E * Ixc) θsx = 0.12047

Tebal penutup elastometer, hrcover = 5.00
Tebal layer internal elastometer, hrinternal = 8.75
Jumlah layer pengaku baja, Nstlayers = 5.00
Tebal pengaku baja, hreinf = 3.00
Total thickness,htotal = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal + Nstlayer * hreinf htotal = 60.00

S.2. PROPERTI MATERIAL

Kekakuan elastometer, H shoreA
= 50
Shear modulus, G = 0.66
Defleksi rangkak 25 tahun/defleksi seketika, Cd = 0.25
Kuat leleh baja, Fy = 345

S.3. PENGECEKAN FAKTOR BENTUK

Faktor bentuk butuh, Vr = 0.7 * hrinternal Vr = 6.125
syarat, Vr > hrcover OK!!

S.4. PENGECEKAN TEGANGAN KONDISI TEKAN

Tegangan tekan kondisi SLS, σs = 4.9736247751
1.G.Sint = 7.04
σs < (1 * G * Sint) OK!!
Tegangan tekan akibat beban hidup, σL = 2.9244830662

S.5. PENGECEKAN DEFLEKSI

Instantaneous compressive bearing strain mx stress 6.2 Mpa, εint = 0.04
δint = 2 * εint * hrcover + hrinternal * (Nstlayer-1) * εint
Instantaneous deflection, δint = 1.8
Assumption of creep deflection value, δcreep = δint * Cd δcreep = 0.45
Total compressive deflection, δ total
= δint + δcreep δtotal = 2.25
Compressive deflection for each internal layer, δrint = δtotal /(Nstlayer - 1) δrint = 0.5625
Maximum allowable compressive deflection, 0.07 hrint = 0.6125
δrint < 0.07 * hrint OK!!

S.6. PENGECEKAN ROTASI

Rotation check ensure that no point in the bearing undergoes net uplift σs = 6.2
Service rotation due to SLS 1 θsx = 0.12047
Cek Service rotation θ = 0.5 * G * Sint * (Lpad / hrint )2 * θsx / (Nstlayer) θ = 135.6993679665
θ < σs NG!!

S.7. PENGECEKAN STABILITAS

Tebal total, htotal = 60.00000
S.8. CHECK STEEL REINFORCEMENT
Limit hreinf = 3.00000
Limit =3 * hmax * σs/fy Limit = 0.378427972
hreinf ≥ 3 * hmax * σs/fy OK!!
Fatigue limit ΔFTH = 165
Limit =2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH Limit = 0.3101724464
hreinf ≥ 2 * hmax * σL/ΔFTH OK!!

S.8. PENGECEKAN DEFORMASI GESER

Akibat Temperatur,
Temperatur maksimum rata-rata, Tmax = 40
Temperatur minimum rata-rata, Tmin = 15
Perbedaan temperatur, ΔT = (Tmax - Tmin)/2 ΔT = 12.5
Koefisien muai panjang beton, α = 0.000011
Panjang Jembatan, L0 = 25.00
Deformasi jembatan akibat temperatur, Δt= ΔT * α * L0 * 1000 Δt = 3.375

Akibat susut dan rangkak,

Regangan akibat susut, εcst = 0.000259
Regangan akibat rangkak, εcct = #REF!
Regangan total , εcs = εcst + εcct εcs = #REF!
Deformasi jembatan akibat sr, Δcs = εcs * L0 * 1000 Δcs = #REF!

Akibat prategang,
Deformasi akibat pengangkuran (diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain) Δac = 0
(Diasumsikan pengangkuran di lokasi lain)

ƔTU = 1.2
2*Δs*ƔTU = #REF!

hrt = 2 * hrcover + (Nstlayer - 1) * hrinternal hrt = 45

#REF!
INPUT

Dimension
22.10 m
6.70 m
2.50 m
2.80 m
0.30 m
0.29 m
0.05 m
0.20 m
0.05 m
0.10 m
0.90 m
1.10 m
2.70 m
25.00 m
25.00 m
1.60 m
kg/cm2
Mpa AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1
Mpa AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.4

Mpa
/°C

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
/°C
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa

m
m
m
m
Mpa
Mpa

m
Inertia to c.o.g

I0 =1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0000005
0.0008016
0.0000005
0.000802713

m
m2
m
m
m
m
m4
m4
m3
m3

Inertia to c.o.g

Ico =1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0001142
0.0000005
0.0008016
0.0000005
0.0009169

m
m2
m
m
m
m4
m4
m3
m3
m3

m2
m
m2
m
kN
bh
kN
m

m
m
kNm
kN/m

m
m2
kN
kN/m
kN/m
m
kN
kN.m

Moment
MMS
kN.m
200.53
600.00
10.99
281
250
1,092
kN/m
m
kN
kN.m

Moment
MMA
kN.m
143.75
122.5
7.8125
274.06

m
m
kPa
kN/m
kN/m

kN

kN
kN.m
m
bh
m
kN
kN
kN/m
kN
kN
kN
m
m
m
m
kNm

kN
kNm
m/s
m
m

kN

m
m
kN
m

kN
kNm

m/s
m
kN/m

kN/m

kN/m
m

The End Span

(L/2- x)
(L/2- x)
L/2- x)
L/2- x)
D

WM

L/2- x)
L/2- x)

10
Quake
EQ
kN.m
0
161.6084595161

10
Quake
EQ
kN
25.8573535226
0

ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

1.3 1.3
2 2

1
1

1 1

ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

1744.6287237 1745
548.125 548.1

1616
1288

161.60845952 161.6
4070.3621832 3742
ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

279.14059579 279.1
87.7 87.7

209.28
139

25.857353523 25.86

601.97794932 531.7

Mpa

m
kN/m
kN.m
Mpa

m
kN/m
kPa
m4
m
m

kN.m
kN

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa
kN

mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm2

mm
mm

mm
mm4
mm3
mm3

kN.m
kN.m
kN

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa
kN

mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm2

mm
mm

mm
mm4
mm3
mm3

kN.m
mm
Mpa
mm
mm
mm
mm
Mpa

mm

mm

mm

Mpa

Mpa

mm3
kg/cm2
kPa
kPa
m3
m3
m2

m
m
kN.m

kN
kN
kN

kPa
kPa
m (1/2")
m2
kN
bh
mm
m2
kN
kPa

kN
kN
kN
Tendon
Tendon
Strand
Strand

Strands
Strands
Strands
Strands

kN
kN
%

kN

mm
m2
m2
m2
buah

mm
m2
m2
m2
m2
buah

mm
m2
m2
m2
m2
buah
m

m
m

m
m
m
m

Strands
Strands
Strands
Strands

m
m
m

m
m
m
m
dut Angkur
°
8.1942633346
5.4835904445
2.7480881801

m
m
m
m
m
m

Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
10
Tendon
1
Tendon
2
Tendon
3
Web [1]
10 Web [2]

kN

%
kN

angan (jacking),

kN

m
m

kN
kN

m
m4
m2
kPa
kPa
bh
m2
kN
kN.m
m2

kPa

kPa

kPa

kPa
kN

m
kPa
m2
kN
kN
m
kN/m
m
kN
kN
kN
gecoran (hari)

%
cm
cm
%
sak/m3
%

hari

kPa
kPa

alam hal koefisien Øcc(t), bila

40-60
2.00

Mpa

hari
kN
% UTS
kN.m
m3
m3
kPa
m
m2
kPa tarik = +
kPa tekan = -
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
% UTS

%
kPa
kPa
kN
kN
%
%
kPa
kPa

% UTS
90.000
87.300
82.738
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Batas Tegangan
Beton K -250
(Mpa)

#REF!

#REF!

2.278

-9.338

-12.450

Mpa
Mpa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN
kN.m
m3
m3
m2
m
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN
kN.m
m3
m3
m2
m
kPa

kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
m3
m3
m2
m
kPa

kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m
m3
m3
m2
m
kPa

kPa

kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa

m2
kPa
kPa

kN
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN
kN
m
kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2

kPa
kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa
kPa

σcr
kPa
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Susut + Rangkak
kPa
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kN
m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa

kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa
kN.m
m3
m3
m3
m2
kPa
kPa
kPa

m
°C
mm
°C
kPa
/°C
m3
m3
m3
m2
m
m
m
m

Momen
Mpt
kN.m
191.0227
1.204067
0
192.2268

kPa
kPa
kPa

k
f bc
(kPa)

110931.186
22653.933
#REF!
#REF!

133578.126
106424.404
4563.167

24011.430
23826.635
13358.512

kPa
kPa
kPa

n
5

Teg.
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

hitungan Midas)

Teg.
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

hitungan Midas)

Teg.
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

hitungan Midas)

Teg.
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
hitungan Midas)

Teg.
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!

hitungan Midas)

kN
m
m
kN

Mpa
mm2
m
m
kN

Mpa
mm2

m
m
kN

Mpa
mm2

mm2
mm

buah
mm2

mm2
mm

buah
mm2
m
m

Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0036624
#REF!
0.0014247
#REF!
Statis
Momen
A * y
m3
0.0014247
#REF!
0.0036624
#REF!

mm
mm2
m
m
kN
m
m2
m4
m3
m3
m3
m
Komb. 4

MS+MA+EQ

(kN.m)
0.0
139.4
273.1
401.0
523.4
640.0
750.9
856.1
955.7
1049.5
1137.7
1220.2
1297.0
1368.1
1433.5
1493.3
1547.3
1595.7
1638.3
1675.3
1706.6

Komb. 4

MS+MA+EQ

(kN)
284.4
273.1
261.7
250.3
238.9
227.5
216.2
204.8
193.4
182.0
170.7
159.3
147.9
136.5
125.1
113.8
102.4
91.0
79.6
68.3
56.9

Pers. 9
as
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Pers. 9
as
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
m
m
m
m
m4

kPa
kPa
kPa

kPa
kPa

mm

m2
m2
m2

Diambil
Jarak
Shear
Conector
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
kPa
m4
m4
m
kN
kN.m
m

kN/m
kN/m
m

kN
kN.m
m

kN/m
kN/m
m

kN
kN.m
m

kN/m
kN/m
m

kN
kN.m
m

kN/m
kN/m
m

kPa
m4
m
kN
m
m3
m3
m3
m2

kN/m
m

kN/m
m
kN
m
kN/m
m

m
kN
kN/m
m

m
m
m
m

kN/m
kN
m

kN.m
m

kN.m
m

kN
m
m

kN/m
m

kN/m
m

m
m

lendutan
Komb. ket.
(m)
#REF! L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

lendutan
Komb. ket.
(m)
#REF! L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

lendutan
ket.
Komb. ket.
(m)
#REF! L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG
lendutan
Komb. ket.
(m)
#REF! L/250
#REF!
L/800
NG

lendutan
Komb. ket.
(m)
#REF! L/250
#REF!
L/800
OK

Mpa
strands
m2
Mpa
Mpa
m2

Mpa

m
kN
Mpa
m2

m
m
m
m

Momen
(kN.m)
20830.2947930269
20830.2947930269

kN
m
kN.m
kN.m
kN.m

kN
m
kN.m

kN
m
kN.m

en Ultimet
kN.m

1744.6287237097
548.125
#REF!
#REF!
2908.8
2317.5
99.3676106346

230.6721025922
345.89953125
161.6084595161

kN.m

Momen
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!

Momen
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!
Momen
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!

Momen
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!

Momen
ket.
Komb.
#REF! #REF!

kN
kN
kN
m
kPa
m4
kN/m

mm
mm
mm
mm

mm
mm

Mpa

Mpa

mm

Mpa
Mpa

Mpa

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

MPa
MPa
mm
mm
mm
Mpa

o
C
o
C
o
C
/ oC
m
mm

mm
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
TIMOR LESTE CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: TIMOR LESTE DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : GIRDER CALCULATION

BRIDGE DATA =

ITEM Symbol Dimension

Total width of bridge Btot = 9.00
Width of traffic lane b1 = 7.00
Width of median b2 = 0.00
Width of sidewalk b3 = 1.00
Width of barrier b4 = 0.00
Thickness of sidewalk tt = 0.20
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.10
Thickness of concrete deck slab ts = 0.29
Thickness of presstress slab tpc = 0.00
Thickness of water layer th = 0.10
Height of steel girder hb = 0.80
Height of composite steel girder hc = 1.09
Total height of bridge ha = 2.34
Total length of bridge Ltot = 20.60
Clear span of bridge L = 20.00
Distance of steel girder s = 1.48

Material Symbol Density (kN/m3)

Steel Ws = 77.00
Reinforcement concrete Wc' = 24.00
Asphalt Wasphalt = 23.00
Water Ww = 9.80

GIRDER DIMENSION
Fig 2. Girder Dimension
Symbol Dimension Symbol Dimension
b1 = 0.300 m h1= 0.026 m
b2 = 0.000 m h2 = 0.000 m
b3 = 0.014 m h3 = 0.748 m
b4 = 0.000 m h4 = 0.000 m
b5 = 0.300 m h5 = 0.026 m
h = 0.800 m

B. MATERIAL DATA
1. CONCRETE DECK SLAB
Concrete deck slab quality K - 250
Concrete compressive strength (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1) fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.750
Modulus elasticity of concreteEp = 4700* √ fc' atau Ep = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 21409.519
Poisson Ratio (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.5) υ = 0.200
Shear Modulus G = E / (2 * ( 1 + υ )) G = 8920.633
Coefficient of thermal expansion (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.2) α = 0.000011

2. STEEL GIRDER
BJ - 50
Steel girder quality fu = 500
Steel yield strength fy = 290
Modulus elasticity of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) Es = 200000
Poisson Ratio υ = 0.3
Shear Modulus G = 83333.33
Elongation Coefficient of steel (AASHTO LRFD 6.4.1) α = 0.00001
Basic Stress Fs = 193

3. STEEL REINFORCEMENT
For reinforcement bar D > 12 mm, Type = BJTD 40
For reinforcement bar D <= 12 mm, Type = BJTP 24
Yield strength Fy = 390
Ultimit strength Fu = 500

C. CROSS SECTION CALCULATION

C.1. EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF DECK SLAB

Fig. 3 Effective width of deck slab

Effective width of slab (Be) is taken as the smallest of: L/4 = 5.000
(AASHTO LRFD 4.6.2.6.1) s = 1.480
12*ho = 3.480
Effective width of deck slab taken Be = 1.480
Compressive strength of concrete slab fc ' = 0.83* K /10
(slab)
fc (slab)' = 20.750
Modulus elasticity of concrte slab Eslab = 21409.519
Modular ratio (AASHTO LRFD 6.10.1.1.1) n = Esteel / Eslab n = 9.342
Effective area width of deck slab Beff = n * Be Beff = 13.826
C.2. SECTION PROPERTIES OF STEEL GIRDER

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth bottom fiber Static bottom fiber
No I0 =1/12*b*h3
b h N A = b * h * N y A * y A * y2
m m buah m2
m m 3
m
4
m4
1 0.300 0.026 1 0.008 0.787 0.0061386 0.0048311 0.0000004
2 0.014 0.748 1 0.010 0.400 0.0041888 0.0016755 0.0004883
3 0.300 0.026 1 0.008 0.013 0.0001014 0.0000013 0.0000004
Total 0.026072 0.0104288 0.0065079164 0.0004891393

Total depth of steel girder hb = 0.800

Section area of steel girder A = 0.026
Thickness of concrete deck slab ho = 0.290
Effective width of slab Beff = 13.826
Center of gravity (bottom fiber) yb = S A* y / S A yb = 0.400
Center of gravity (top fiber) ya = hb - yb ya = 0.400
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ib = S A* y2 + S Io Ib = 0.007
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of section Ix = Ib - A * yb2 Ix = 0.003
Section modulus of top fiber Wa = Ix / ya Wa = 0.007
Section modulus of bottom fiber Wb = Ix / yb Wb = 0.007

Dimension Distance to Moment Inertia to

Number Section Area bottom fiber Static bottom fiber Inertia to c.o.g
Width Depth
No Ac = b * h * N Ac * y Ac * y 2
Ico =1/12*b*h3
b h N y
m m buah m2
m m 3
m4
m4
0 1.480 0.290 1 0.046 0.945 0.0434179 0.0410299 0.0003220
1 0.300 0.026 1 0.008 0.787 0.0061386 0.0048311 0.0000004
2 0.014 0.748 1 0.010 0.400 0.0041888 0.0016755 0.0004883
3 0.300 0.026 1 0.008 0.013 0.0001014 0.0000013 0.0000004
Total 0.072 0.0538467 0.0475378 0.0008111
Total height of composite girder hc = 1.090
Cross section area of composite section Ac = 0.072
Distance neutral axis to bottom steel ybc = S Ac* y / S Ac ybs = 0.748
Distance neutral axis to top concrete ytc = hc - ybs ytc = 0.342
Distance neutral axis to top steel yts = h - ybs yts = 0.052
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ibc = S Ac* y2 + S Ico Ibc = 0.048
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of composite section Ixc = Ibc - Ac * ybc2 Ixc = 0.008
Section modulus at top slab Wac = Ixc / yac Wac = 0.024
Section modulus at top girder W' ac
= Ixc / (yac - h0)
W'ac = 0.155
Section modulus at bottom girder Wbc = Ixc / ybc Wbs = 0.011

D.1. SELF WEIGHT (MS)
D.1.1. DIAPHRAGM

Fig 6. Cross Section of Diaphragm

Diaphragm size :
Cross section area 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) A1 = 0.0019
Length 1 (Angle 100.100.10 mm) L1 = 3.128
Cross section area 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) A2 = 0.0007
Length 2 (Angle 60.60.6 mm) L2 = 1.996
Weight of each diaphragm W = (A1 * L1 * A2 * L2)* Ws W = 0.564
Number of diphragm n = 6.000
Total weight of diaphragm Wdiaphragma = W * n Wdiaphragm = 3.383
Span length L = 20.000
Distance of diaphragm x3 = 10.000
x2 = 6.000
x1 = 2.000
Maximum moment Mmax = (Wdiafragma/2 * L/2) - (W * X1) - (W *X1) - (W *X2) - (W *X3) Mmax = 6.766
Equivalent weight of diaphragm Qeq = Mmax * 8 / (L^2) Qeq = 0.135

D.1.2. STEEL GIRDER

Length of girder L = 20.600
Cross section area A = 0.026
Weigth of girder + 10% Wbeam = L * A * Wc Wbalok = 41
Qbeam = Wbeam / L Qbalok = 2.008

D.2. SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT DOE TO SELF WEIGHT (MS)
Fig 7. Self weight component
Total load doe to self weight QMS = A * W
Span length L = 20.000
Shear force doe to self weight VMS = 1/2*QMS *L
Bending moment doe to self weight MMS = 1/8*QMS*L2

Width Thick Area Weigth Load Shear Moment

No Self Weigth Load b h A W QMS VMS MMS
m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Steel Girder 2.0 20.08 100.38
2 Deck slab 1.48 0.29 0.4292 24.00 10.3 103.01 515.04
3 Diphragm 0.1 1.35 6.77
4 Median (concrete) 0 22.00 - - -
5 Median (filling) 0 16.00 - - -
Total 12.44 124.44 622

Total load due to accessories (Median, Rangka Accesoris)

- kN

Span length L = 20.000

Width Thickness Area Weight Load Shear Moment

m m m2 kN/m3 kN/m kN kN.m
1 Asphalt + overlay 1.48 0.10 0.148 23.00 3.404 34.04 170.2
2 Rain water 1.48 0.10 0.148 9.80 1.4504 14.504 72.52
4 M&E Accessories 0.1 1 5
Total 4.954 49.544 247.72

The lane load consist of :
- Uniform disributed load (UDL)of intensty q kpa, where q depend on the total loaded of length as
q= 8 kPa For L ≤ 30 m (BMS Bridge Design Manual 2.3.2.b) :
q = 8.0*(0.5 + 15/L)kPa L > 30 m

or
q = 3.1 kPa (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.1.2.4)

- Knife Edge Load (KEL) of p kN/m,placed in any position along the bridge prependicular to the
traffic direction (BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.b)
p = 44 kN/m

- Dinamic Load Allowance is applied to th "D" lane, "KEL" as follow(BMS Bride Desig Manual 2.3.2.d)
DLA = 0.4 for L ≤ 50 m
DLA = 0.4 - 0.0025*(L - 50) for 50 < L < 90 m
DLA = 0.3 for L ≥ 90 m
Span length L = 20.000
Distance of girder s = 1.480
Uniform distributed load L <= 30, q = 9; L> 30, q = 9 * (0.5+15/L) q = 8.000
Uniform load at the girder QTD = q * s QTD = 11.840
Dynamic load alowance DLA = 0.400
Point load at the girder PTD = (1+DLA) * P * s PTD = 91.168
Intenal force due to lane load:
Shear force VTD = 1/2*QTD*L + 1/2*PTD VTD = 163.984
Bending Moment MTD = 1/8*QTD*L2 + 1/4* PTD * L MTD = 1047.840

Length span L = 20.000 m

Distance of girder s = 1.480 m
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.400
Front tire load P1 = 25.000 kN
Distance P1 to the mid span XP1 = -4.000 m
Mid tire load P2 = 112.500 kN
Distance P2 to the mid span XP2 = 0.000 m
Rear tire load P3 = 112.500 kN
Distance P3 to the mid span XP3 = 4.000 m
Internal force doe to truck load:
Shear force at point B VP1 = P1 * ((L/2+ XP1)/L) VP1 = 7.500 kN
Bending moment at point B MP1 = VP1 *L/2 MP1 = 75.000 kN.m
Gay Shear force at point B VP2 = P2/2 VP2 = 56.250 kN
Gay Bending moment at point B MP2 = VP2 * L/2 MP2 = 562.500 kN.m
Shear force at point B VP3 = P3 * ((L/2 + XP3)/L) VP3 = 78.750 kN
Bending moment at point B MP3 = VP3 * L/2- P3*XP3 MP3 = 337.500 kN.m
Total internal force doe to truck load
Total shear force at point B VTT = 142.500 kN
Total Bending Moment at point B MTT = 975.000 kN.m

- 25 % of the axle weight of design truck (AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4)

- 5 % of design truck + lane load

- TB = 250 kN For Lt ≤ 80 m (BMS Bride Desig Manual table 2.1.3) :

- TB = 250 + 2.5 * (Lt - 80) kN For 80 < Lt < 180 m
- TB = 500 kN For Lt ≥ 180 m
Fig 10. Braking force at structures
Span Length L = 20.000
Number of girder Nbalok = 6.000
Distance of girder s = 1.480
Braking force base on BMS HTB = 250.000
Braking force for L<= 80 m TTB = HTB / Nbalok TTB = 41.667
Lane load QTD = q *s QTD = 11.840
= P * s PTD = 65.120
Braking force base on AASHTO LRFD 5% of lane load + knife load TTB = 15.096
Braking force taken TTB = Maximum value of BMS and AASHTO TTB = 41.667
Center gravity of composite section (top fiber) yac = 0.342
Asphalt thickness ha = 0.100
Braking force (1.8 m above the roadway surface) AASHTO LRFD 3.6.4 x0 = 1.800
Distance to c.o.g of girder y = yac + ha + x0 y = 2.242
Moment doe to braking force M = TTB * y M = 93.429
Internal force doe to braking force
Shear force at the end span VTB = M / L VTB = 4.671
Bending moment at the mid span MTB
= 1/2* M MTB = 46.715

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0012 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
Where :
CW = Drag Coeffiicient
VW = Design wind speed (m/sec)
Ab = Vertical plan area of the vehicle (m2)

Drag Coefficient CW = 1.200

Design wind speed VW = 35.000
Length of truck Ptruk = 8.000
Height of truck htruk = 2.750
Vertical plan area of the vehicle Ab = 22.000
Concentrated of wind load at 2.75 in height above deck slab
h = 2.750
Distance of tire x = 1.750
Wind load transfered to deck QEW = 1/2*h /x *TEW QEW = 30.492
Length of bridge L = 20.000
Shear force and bending moment doe to wind load
Position of vehicle is assumed at mid span
Maximum shear at end span VEW = 1/2 * QEW VEW = 15.246
Maximum bending moment at md span MEW = 1/4 * QEW * L MEW = 152.460

D.7. WIND LOAD AT BRIDGE STRUCTURE

Horizontal Additional load doe to wind at the bridge structure as follow:

Drag coefficeint CW = 2.100

Design wind speed VW = 35.000
Vertical height plan of the truck ha = 2.340
= 0.0006 *CW*VW2*ha TEW H = 3.612

Vertical wind load (30% of horizontal wind load) TEW V= 30% * TEW H TEW V
= 1.084
Vertical earthquake load is determined using the downward vertical acceleration of 0.1 g
Design vertical earthquake force QEQ = 1.740

D. INTERNAL FORCE RESUME

Q P
Symbol Factor
kN/m kN kN.m kN
1 Weight of girder Balok - 2.01 - - -
2 Weight of deck slab Pelat - 10.30 - - -
3 Self weight MS 1.3 12.44 - - -
5 Lane Load "D" TD 1.8 - - 1047.840 163.984
6 Truck Load "T" TT 1.8 - - 975.000 142.500
7 Braking Force TB 1.8 - - 46.715 4.671
8 Wind pressure at vehicle EWM 1.2 - - 152.460 15.246
9 Wind pressure at structur EWS 1.2 1.08 - - -
10 Earthquake load EQ 1 1.74 - - -

E. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER

E.1. BENDING MOMENT AND SHEAR FORCE FORMULA
Maximum bending moment is determined at the mid span, and maximum shear force at the end span
Span length L = 20.000

No Kind of Loading Bending Moment At The Mid Span Shear Force At The End Span

1 Weight of girder Mx = 1/2 * Qgirder * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qgirderk * (L/2- x)

2 Weight of deck slab Mx = 1/2 * Qslab * (L*x- x2) Vx = Qslab * (L/2- x)
3 Self weight Mx = 1/2 * QMS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QMS * (L/2- x)
4 Superimposed dead load Mx = 1/2 * QMA * (L*x- x2) Vx = QMA * (L/2- x)
5 Lane Load "D" Mx = MTD Vx =VTD
6 Truck Load "T" Mx = MTT Vx =VTT
7 Braking Force Mx = MTB Vx =VTB
8 Wind pressure at vehicle Mx = MEWM Vx =VEWM
9 Wind pressure at structur Mx = 1/2 * QEWS * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEWS * (L/2- x)
10 Earthquake load Mx = 1/2 * QEQ * (L*x- x2) Vx = QEQ * (L/2- x)

E.2. BENDING MOMENT AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 100.4 515 622.1833 247.72 1047.840 975.000 46.715 152.460 54.17685 86.9903258561

E.3. SHEAR FORCE AT GIRDER

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Dista
nce Girder Slab Self Add. dead Lane Truck Braking Wind Wind Quake
x MS MA TD TT TB EWM EWS EQ
m kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN kN
0 20.08 103 124.4367 49.544 163.984 142.500 4.671 15.246 10.83537 17.3980651712
10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 1 1 1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Superimposed dead load MA 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1 1.8 1 1
Truck load "T" TT 1 1.8 1
Braking Force TB 1 1 1.8 1.8 1 1
Wind load vehicle EWM 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
Wind load structure EWS 1 1 1 1.2 1.2
C. Special Action
E.5. BENDING MOMENT COMBINANTION (kN.m)
Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 622.183 622.1833 622.18 808.8 808.8 808.8382 808.8 808.83823613
Superimposed dead load MA 247.72 247.72 247.72 495.4 495.4 495.44 495.4 495.44
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 1886 1047.84 1047.84
Truck load "T" TT 975 1755 975
Braking Force TB 46.7147 46.71468 84.09 84.09 46.71468 46.71
Wind load vehicle EWM 152.46 152.5 152.5 182.952 183
Wind load structure EWS 54.177 54.18 54.18 65.01222 65.01
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 1964.46 1891.618 1076.5 3481 3350 2646.797 2574 2439.108562

E.6. SHEAR FORCE COMBINANTION (kN)

Service Combination Ultimate Combination
SLS 1 SLS 2 SLS 3 ULS 1 ULS 2 ULS 3 ULS 4 ULS 5
A. Permnanent Action
Self Weight MS 124.437 124.4367 124.44 161.8 161.8 161.7676 161.8 161.76764723
Superimposed dead load MA 49.544 49.544 49.544 99.09 99.09 99.088 99.09 99.088
B. Transient Action
Lane load "D" TD 163.984 295.2 163.984 163.984
Truck load "T" TT 142.5 256.5 142.5
Braking Force TB 4.67147 4.671468 8.409 8.409 4.671468 4.671
Wind load vehicle EWM 15.246 15.25 15.25 18.2952 18.3
Wind load structure EWS 10.835 10.84 10.84 13.00244 13
C. Special Action
D. Total
Total 342.636 321.1521 200.06 590.5 551.8 460.8088 439.3 442.2377124

F. STEEL GIRDER ULTIMATE STRENGTH

F.1. Steel Girder Analysis and Design During Construction (Non-Composite)

Section Control

L/d = 25.75
1.25*b/tf = 14.42
1.25b/tf < L/d = SECTION OK

d/tw = 57.14
d/w < 75 = SECTION OK

Allowable Stress

For girder composite section is installed diaphragm as lateral bracing with distance:

L1=L/5 = 4.00
c1=(L1*d)/(b*tf) = 410.26
c2=0.63*Es/Fs = 651.72
Since 250 < c1 <c2, allowable stress is determined Fskip = 170.20
Girder Stress

Length of girder L = 20.60

Total load before composite Qtd = 12.44
Maximum bending moment before composite Mtd = 660.07
Bending Stress f = 93.44
Check = SECTION OK

Deflection Calculation

Length of girder L = 20.60

Total load before composite Qtd = 12.44
Modulus Of Elacticity Es = 200,000,000
Moment of Inertia Ix = 0.0028
Deflection before composite dx = 0.0516
Allowable deflection da = 0.0858
Check = OK

Section Properties During Service

Total Height of composite section hc = 1.090
Cross section area of composite section Ac = 0.072
Distance neutral axis to bottom steel ybc = S Ac* y / S Ac ybs = 0.748
Distance neutral axis to top concrete ytc = hc - ybs ytc = 0.342
Distance neutral axis to top steel yts = h - ybs yts = 0.052
Moment of inertia to bottom fiber Ibc = S Ac* y2 + S Ico Ibc = 0.048
Moment of inertia to c.o.g of composite section Ixc = Ibc - Ac * ybc2 Ixc = 0.008
Section modulus at top slab Wac = Ixc / yac Wac = 0.024
Section modulus at top girder W' ac
= Ixc / (yac - h0)
W'ac = 0.155
Section modulus at bottom girder Wbc = Ixc / ybc Wbc = 0.011

Stress During Service

Stress at
Bending Moment top slab Stress at top Stress at top
(Mpa)
Self Weight MS 622.18 2.819 4.024 57.518
Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 4.747 6.776 96.867
Truck Load "T" TT 877.50 3.976 5.675 81.120
Braking Force TB 46.71 0.212 0.302 4.319
Wind load vehicle EWM 152.46 0.691 0.986 14.094
Wind load structure EWS 54.18 0.245 0.350 5.008
Earthquake load EQ 86.99 0.394 0.563 8.042
Allowable stress for concrete 100 % Fc = Fc = 12.5
Allowable stress for steel girder 100 % Fs = Fs = 207

Bending Moment Stress at Stress at top Stress at top

(kN.m) (Mpa) girder (Mpa) girder (Mpa)
Self Weight MS 622.18 2.819 4.024 57.518
Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 4.747 6.776 96.867
Braking Force TB
Total Tot 1917.74 8.69 12.40 177.29
Stress Check OK OK

Allowable stress for concrete 125 % Fc = Fc = 15.6
Allowable stress for steel girder 125 % Fs = Fs = 259

Stress at
Bending Moment Stress at top Stress at top
(Mpa)
Self Weight MS 622.18 2.819 4.024 57.518
Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 4.747 6.776 96.867
Braking Force TB
Wind load vehicle EWM 152.46 0.691 0.986 14.094
Wind load structure EWS 54.18 0.245 0.350 5.008
Total Tot 2124.38 9.62 13.74 196.39
Stress Check OK OK

Allowable stress for concrete 140 % Fc = Fc = 17.4
Allowable stress for steel girder 140 % Fs = Fs = 290

Bending Moment Stress at Stress at top Stress at top

(kN.m) (Mpa) girder (Mpa) girder (Mpa)
Self Weight MS 622.18 2.819 4.024 57.518
Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 4.747 6.776 96.867
Truck Load "T" TT 877.50 3.976 5.675 81.120
Braking Force TB 46.71 0.212 0.302 4.319
Wind load vehicle EWM 152.46 0.691 0.986 14.094
Wind load structure EWS 54.18 0.245 0.350 5.008
Total Tot 3048.59 13.81 19.71 281.83
Stress Check OK OK

Allowable stress for concrete 150 % Fc = Fc = 18.7
Allowable stress for steel girder 150 % Fs = Fs = 311

Bending Moment Stress at Stress at top Stress at top

(kN.m) (Mpa) girder (Mpa) girder (Mpa)

Self Weight MS 622.18 2.819 4.024 57.518

Lane load "D" TD 1047.84 4.747 6.776 96.867
Truck Load "D" TT 877.50 3.976 5.675 81.120
Braking Force TB 46.71 0.212 0.302 4.319
Wind load vehicle EWM 152.46 0.691 0.986 14.094
Wind load structure EWS 54.18 0.245 0.350 5.008
Earthquake load EQ 86.99 0.394 0.563 8.042
Total Tot 0.00 14.21 20.28 289.87
Stress Check OK OK

G. Deflection Calculation

Length of girder L = 20.60

Modulus Of Elacticity Es = 200,000,000
Moment of Inertia Icom = 0.0081

Self Weight MS 12.44 0.0180
Lane load "D" TD 11.84 91.17 0.0274
Truck Load "T" TT 975.00 0.0021
Braking Force TB 93.43 0.0002
Wind load vehicle EWM 30.49 0.0034
Wind load structure EWS 1.08 0.0016

Load Combination Comb. 1 Comb. 2 Comb. 3 Comb. 4

Deflection
(m)
Self Weight MS 0.0180 0.0180 0.0180 0.0180
Lane load "D" TD 0.0274 0.0274 0.0274 0.0274
Truck Load "T" TT 0.0021 0.0021 0.0021 0.0021
Braking Force TB 0.0002 0.0002
Wind load vehicle EWM 0.0034 0.0034 0.0034
Wind load structure EWS 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016
Total Deflection d 0.0547 0.0597 0.0599 0.0624
Allowable deflection da 0.0858 0.0858 0.0858 0.0858
Deflection Check OK OK OK OK

H. MAXIMUM SHEAR FORCE AT COMPOSITE GIRDER

Self Weight 124.44
Braking Force 0.00
Total 480.46

Self Weight 124.44
Braking Force 0.00
Total 506.55

Self Weight 124.44
Braking Force 4.67
Total 511.22
Self Weight 124.44
Braking Force 4.67
Total 528.62

No Load Allowable stress Shear Force Allowable stress

1 Combination 1 100% 480.46 480.46
2 Combination 2 125% 506.55 405.24
3 Combination 3 140% 511.22 365.16
4 Combination 4 150% 528.62 352.41
V max 480.46

Shear connector height Hsc = 150

Shear connector diameter Dsc = 19
Shear connector area Asc = 283.53

Concrete compression strength f'c = 20.75

Slab effective width Be = 1,480
Slab thickness ts = 290
Slab effective area Ac = 429,200

Steel girder area As = 26,072

Girder yield strength fy = 290

Concrete comppression force 0.85*f'c*Ac = 7,570

Steel girder tension force As*fy = 7,561
Shear connector force Fsc = 7,561

Nominal strength of shear connector Qn = 94.49

Asc . Fu = 110.58
OK
For half span length :
Number of shear connector required n = 80.02
Number of shear connector used nus = 85.00
Spacing of shear connector s = 121.18

Distance of shear connector row j = 100.00

Number of row n = 2.00
Spacing of shear connector used sus = 200.00

Diameter <= 2.5 thicness of flange 2.5*tf = 65.00

OK
Spacing of shear connector > 6 dimeter of shear connector 6*Dsc = 114.00
OK
Distance of row > 4 diameter of shear connector 4*Dsc = 76.00
OK

Ultimate bending moment at girder Mu = 1,047.84

Ultimate shear force at girder Vu = 163.98
Self weight Q = 2.01
Height of girder h = 80
Width of flange bf = 30.00
Thickness of flange tf = 2.60
Thickness of web tw = 1.40
Cross section area A = 260.72
Moment of Inertia I = 282,554
Section modulus W = 7,064
Allowable stress of girder Fs = 1,933
Allowable stress of bolt Fsb = 1,933
Nominal moment capacity Mn = 13,656,756

Connection used bolt 7/8 " (BJ 41) Dbolt = 2.22

Thickness of plate connection at flange tf' = 2.00
Width of plate connection at flange bf' = 30.00
Thickness of plate connection at web tw' = 2.00
Width of plate connection at web bw' = 45.00

Moment Inertia at web Iw = 0.0004883

Bending moment at web Mw = 181
Bending Moment at flange Mf = 867

Bolt diameter Db = 2.2

Section area of bolt Ab = 3.9
Bolt spacing requirement : S1 >= 3.3
S >= 6.7
Thickness of plate connection tf= 2.00

Reduction factor of bolt f = 0.75

Screw factor in shear plan r1 = 0.50
Yield strengh of bolt fub = 4,100
Shear strength of bolt Vd = 5,965
Shear strength of plate connection Rd = 38,485

Force at flange Tu = 115,878

Number of bolt requirement n = 19
Number of bolt used n = 20

Bolt diameter Db = 2.2

Section area of bolt Ab = 3.9
Bolt spacing requirement : S1 >= 3.3
S >= 6.7
Thickness of plate connection tw= 2
Vertical spacing of bolt u= 10
Shear strength of bolt Vd = 5,965
Shear strength of plate connection Rd = 20,723

Assumed of load eccentricity e = 9.00

Bending moment of center gravity of connection Mu tot = 18,254,555

INPUT

Dimension
9.00 m
7.00 m
0.00 m
1.00 m
0.00 m
0.20 m
0.10 m
0.29 m
0.00 m
0.10 m
0.80 m
1.09 m
2.34 m
20.60 m
20.00 m
1.48 m
kg/cm2
Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
/°C

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

Mpa
/°C
Mpa

Mpa
Mpa

m
m
m
m
Mpa
Mpa

m
Inertia to c.o.g

I0 =1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0000004
0.0004883
0.0000004
0.0004891393

m
m2
m
m
m
m
m4
m4
m3
m3

Inertia to c.o.g

Ico =1/12*b*h3
m4
0.0003220
0.0000004
0.0004883
0.0000004
0.0008111
m
m2
m
m
m
m4
m4
m3
m3
m3

m2
m
m2
m
kN
bh
kN
m

m
m
kNm
kN/m

m
m2
kN
kN/m
kN/m
m
kN
kN.m

Moment
MMS
kN.m
100.38
515.04
6.77
-
-
622

kN/m
m
kN
kN.m

Moment
MMA
kN.m
170.2
72.52
5
247.72
m
m
kPa
kN/m
kN/m

kN

kN
kN.m
m
bh
m
kN
kN
kN/m
kN
kN
kN
m
m
m
m
kNm

kN
kNm

m/s
m
m

kN

m
m
kN
m

kN
kNm
m/s
m
kN/m

kN/m
kN/m

The End Span

(L/2- x)
(L/2- x)
L/2- x)
L/2- x)
TD

TT

TB

WM

L/2- x)
L/2- x)

10
Quake
EQ
kN.m
0
86.9903258561

10
Quake
EQ
kN
17.3980651712
0

ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

1.3 1.3
2 2

1
1
1 1
ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

808.83823613 808.8
495.44 495.4

1047.84
975

86.990325856 86.99

2439.108562 2366

ination
ULS 5 ULS 6

161.76764723 161.8
99.088 99.09

163.984
142.5

17.398065171 17.4

442.2377124 420.8

Mpa
m
kN/m
kN.m
Mpa

m
kN/m
kPa
m4
m
m

m
m2
m
m
m
m4
m4
m3
m3
m3

ress at top
irder (Mpa)

57.518
22.900
96.867
81.120
4.319
14.094
5.008
8.042
Mpa
Mpa

ress at top
irder (Mpa)
57.518
22.900
96.867

177.29
OK

Mpa
Mpa

ress at top
irder (Mpa)

57.518
22.900
96.867

14.094
5.008

196.39
OK

Mpa
Mpa

ress at top
irder (Mpa)
57.518
22.900
96.867
81.120
4.319
14.094
5.008

281.83
OK

Mpa
Mpa

ress at top
irder (Mpa)

57.518
22.900
96.867
81.120
4.319
14.094
5.008
8.042
289.87
OK

m
kPa
m4

flection (m)
0.0180
0.0072
0.0274
0.0021
0.0002
0.0034
0.0016
0.0025

Comb. 4
flection (m)
0.0180
0.0072
0.0274
0.0021
0.0002
0.0034
0.0016
0.0025
0.0624
0.0858
OK
mm
mm
mm2

Mpa

Mpa
mm
mm
mm

mm2
Mpa

kN
kN
kN

kN
kN

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

kN.m
kN
kN/m
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2
cm4
cm3
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

m4
kN.m
kN.m

cm
cm2
cm
cm
cm

kg/cm2
kg
kg

kg

cm
cm2
cm
cm
cm
cm
kg
kg

cm
kg.cm
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
TIMOR LESTE CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: TIMOR LESTE DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : DECK SLAB CALCULATION

Item Symbol Dimension

Total width of bridge Btot = 9.00 m
Width of traffic lane b1 = 7.00 m
Width of median b2 = 0.00 m
Width of sidewalk b3 = 1.00 m
Width of barrier b4 = 0.00 m
Thickness of sidewalk tt = 0.20 m
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.10 m
Thickness of concrete deck slab ts = 0.20 m
Thickness of water layer th = 0.10 m
Height of gireder hb = 0.80 m
Height of composite steel girder hc = 1.00 m
Total height of bridge ha = 2.34 m
Total length of bridge Ltot = 20.60 m
Clear span of bridge L = 20.00 m
Distance of steel girder s = 1.48 m
Width of top girder b1 = 0.30 m
Clear span of deck slab s' = 1.18 m

SPESIFIC GRAFITY (RSNI T02 2005, 5.2)

Density
Material Symbol
(kN/m3)
Concrete reinforcement Wc = 25.50
Concrete Wc' = 25.00
Asphalt Waspal = 23.00
Rain water Wair = 9.80

B. MATERIAl DATA

1. CONCRETE DECK SLAB

Concrete deck slab quality K - 300 kg/cm2
Concrete compressive strength (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.1) fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 24.900 Mpa
Modulus elasticity of concrete :
Ec = 4700* √ fc' atau Ec = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 27629.842 Mpa
Poisson Ratio (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.5) υ = 0.200
Shear Modulus G = E / (2 * ( 1 + υ )) G = 11512.434 Mpa
Coefficient of thermal expansion (AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.2) α = 0.000010 /°C

2. REINFORCEMENT BAR
For reinforcement bar D > 12 mm, Tipe = U 39
Yield strength Fy = 390 Mpa
For reinforcement bar D <= 12 mm, Tipe = U 24
Yield strength Fy = 240 Mpa

B.1. SELF WEIGHT (MS)

Ultimate load factor KMS = 1.30
Width of deck slab b = 1.00 m
Thickness of deck slab ts = 0.20 m
Density of concrete Wc = 25.50 kN/m3
Self weight QMS = b * ts * WC QMS = 5.10 kN/m

Ultimate load factor KMS = 2.00
(m) (kN/m3) (kN)
1 Asphalt + overlay 0.10 23.00 2.3
2 Rain water 0.10 9.80 0.98

Ultimate load factor KTT = 1.80
Span length L = 20.600 m
Axle load of truck T = 112.50 kN
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.400
Truck load "T" PTT = T * (1 + DLA) PTT = 157.50 kN

�_𝐸𝑊=0,0012 𝐶_(𝑊 ) (𝑉_𝑊 )^(2 ) 𝐴_�

[kN]
T_EW=0,0012 C_(W ) (V_W )^(2 )
Where : [kN/m]
CW = Drag Coefficient
VW = Design wind speed (m/sec)
Ab = Vertical plan area of the vehicle (m2)

Ultimate load factor KEW = 1.200

Drag coefficient CW = 1.200
Design wind speed VW = 35.000 m/det
Wind load TEW = 0.0012 * CW * VW2 TEW = 1.8375 kN/m

Height of truck h = 2.75 m

Distance of tire x = 1.75 m
Wind load transfered to deck slab PEW = 1/2*h /x *TEW PEW = 1.44375 kN
Ultimate load factor KET = 1.200
Maximum average of temperature Tmaks = 40 °
Minimum average of temperature Tmin = 15 °
Temperature differnce at slab ΔT = (Tmaks - Tmin) ΔT = 12.5 °
Thermal coefficient α = 0.000010 /°C
Elastic modulus of concrete E = 27629.84 Mpa

B.6. SUMMARY OF LOADOING AT DECK SLAB

Q P ΔT
Code Factor
kN/m kN °C
1 Self weight MS 1.30 5.10
3 Truck load TT 1.80 157.50
4 Wind load EW 1.200 1.44375
5 Temperature ET 1.200 12.5

Bending moment calculation:

Clear span of deck s' = 1.18 m
For distributed load MQ = k * Q * s2
For concentrated load MP = k * P * s
For temperature load MT = k * ΔT

B.8. BENDING MOMENT

Service Ultimate Moment
factor factor k kN.m k kN.m
1 Self weight MS 1.00 1.30 0.08 0.5680992 0.04 0.2840496
3 Truck load TT 1.00 1.80 0.14 26.02 0.15 27.88
4 Wind load EW 1.00 1.20 0.14 0.24 0.15 0.26
5 Temperature ET 1.00 1.20 0.0000905 0.0011313 0.000552 0.0069

No Load End span Mid span End span Mid span
Code Factor
kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
1 Self weight MS 1.00 0.5680992 0.2840496 0.5680992 0.2840496
3 Truck load TT 1.00 26.02 27.88 26.02 27.88
4 Wind load EW 1.00 0.2385075 0.2555438 0.2385075 0.2555438
5 Temperature ET 1.00 0.0011313 0.0069 0.0011313 0.0069
Momen total pada masa laya MSLS 27.237774 28.698018
B.10.1. COMBINATION - 1
Kode Faktor Momen Momen Ultimit (MULS)
No Jenis Beban Beban Tumpuan Lapangan Tumpuan Lapangan
Beban
Layan kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
1 Self weight MS 1.30 0.5680992 0.2840496 0.738529 0.3692645
3 Truck load TT 1.80 26.02 27.88 46.83 50.18
4 Wind load EW 1.00 0.2385075 0.2555438 0.2385075 0.2555438
5 Temperature ET 1.00 0.0011313 0.0069 0.0011313 0.0069
Momen total pada masa laya MULS 48.634441 51.359257

B.10.2. COMBINATION - 2
Kode Faktor MomenT Ultimate moment (MULS)
No Jenis Beban Beban Tumpuan Lapangan Tumpuan Lapangan
Beban
Layan kN.m kN.m kN.m kN.m
1 Self weight MS 1.30 0.5680992 0.2840496 0.738529 0.3692645
3 Truck load TT 1.00 26.02 27.88 26.02 27.88
4 Wind load EW 1.20 0.2385075 0.2555438 0.286209 0.3066525
5 Temperature ET 1.20 0.0011313 0.0069 0.0013575 0.00828
Momen total pada masa laya MULS 27.867168 29.109746

B.10. MAXIMUM MOMENT

Maximum moment at end span MuTump. = MAX (MULS Tump. Komb.1;MULS Tump. Komb.2
) MuTump. = 48.63 kN.m
Maximum moment at mid span MuLap. = MAX (MULS Lap. Komb.1;MULS Lap Komb.2
) MuLap. = 51.36 kN.m

B.11. SLAB REINFORCEMENT CACULATION

B11.1 NEGATIVE BENDING REINFORCEMENT
Ultimate bending moment Mu = 48.63 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 24.90 Mpa
Yield strengtjh fy = 390.00 Mpa
Thickness of slab h = 0.20 m
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 35.00 mm
Elastic modulus of bar E = 200000 Mpa
Shape factor concrete stress distribution b = 0.85
Balance reinforcement ratio ρb = b* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0279569
Maximum moment resistant
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 6.597664
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effective depth of slab d = h * 1000 - d' d = 165 mm
Width of slab b = 1000 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 60.793051 kN.m
Moment resitiant factor Rn = Mn * 10 / (b * d2)
6
Rn = 2.2329863
Rn < Rmax ...OK!!
Reinforcement ratio required:
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0060644
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin = 25% * 1.4 / fy ρmin =0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used: ρused= Max(ρ ; ρmin) ρused =0.0060644
Reinforcement area used: Aperlu = ρused * b * d Asperlu = 1000.6341

Bar diameter used D = 16 mm

Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / Asperlu s = 200.93451 mm
D 16 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 1005.3096
As > As perlu … OK!!

Shringkage reinforcement As = 50 % * ASperlu As = 500.31706

Bar diameter used D = 13 mm
Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / As s = 265.29635 mm
D 13 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 663.66145
As > As perlu … OK!!

B.11.2 POSITIVE BENDING REINFORCEMENT

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 51.36 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 24.90 Mpa
Yield strength fy = 390.00 Mpa
Thickness of slab h = 0.20 m
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 35.00 mm
Elastic modulus of bar E = 200000 Mpa
Shape factor concrete stress distribution b = 0.85
Balance reinforcement ratio ρb = b* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0279569
Maximum moment resistant
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 6.597664
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effective depth of slab d = h * 1000 - d' d = 165 mm
Width of slab b = 1000 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 64.199071 kN.m
Moment resitiant factor Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 2.3580926
Rn < Rmax ...OK!!
Reinforcement ratio required:
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.006427
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin = 25% * 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used: ρused= Max(ρ ; ρmin) ρused =
0.006427
Reinforcement area used: Aperlu = ρused * b * d Asperlu = 1060.4475

Bar diameter used D = 16 mm

Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / Asperlu s = 189.60102 mm
D 16 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 1005.3096
As < As perlu ...NG!!

Shringkage reinforcement As = 50 % * ASperlu As = 530.22374

Bar diameter used D = 13 mm
Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / As s = 250.3326 mm
D 13 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 663.66145
As > As perlu … OK!!

B.13. SLAB DEFLECTION CALCULATION

Concrete compression strength fc' = 24.90 Mpa
Yield strength fy = 390.00 Mpa
Elastic modulus of concrete Ec = 27629.842 Mpa
Elastic modulus of bar Es = 200000 Mpa
Height of slab h = 200 mm
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 35.00 mm
Thickness of slab d = h - d' d = 165.00 mm
Reinforcement area of slab As = 1005.3096 mm2
Span length of slab Lx = s' * 1000 Lx = 1180 mm
Width of slab b = 1 m b = 1000 mm
Concentrate load P = PTT + PEW P = 158.94 kN
Distributed load Q = QMS + QMA Q = 8.38 kN/m
Allowable deflection δi = Lx /250 δi = 4.72 mm
Moment of inertia slab Ig = 1/12 * b * h3 Ig = 666666667 mm4
Rupture modulus of concrete fr = 0.5 * √ fc' fr = 3.492993 Mpa
Comparison of modulus elasticity n = Es / Ec n = 7.2385503
n * As = 7276.9845 mm2
Distance neutral axis to top slab c = n * As / b c = 7.2769845 mm
Crack Section Inertia
Icr = 1/3 * b * c + n * As * (d - c)2 ICR = 1150173.6 mm4
yt = h / 2 yt = 100
Crack moment MCR = fr * Ig / yt MCR = 2.33E+07 Nmm
Ma = 1/8 * Q * Lx2 + 1/4 * P * Lx Ma = 4.83E+07 Nmm
Effective moment inertia
Ie = (MCR/Ma)3 * Ig + (1- (MCR/Ma)3) * Icr Ie = 75515600 mm4
Deflection doe to distributed and concentrated load
δe = 5/384 * Q * L4 / (Ec * Ie) + 1/48 * P * L3 / (Ec * Ie) δe = 2.7089433 mm

Reinforcement ratio of slab ρ = As / (b * d) ρ = 0.0060928

λ = ξ / (1 + 50*ρ) λ = 1.5329908
Long term deflection doe to creep and shringkage
δCR = λ * 5/384 * Q * L4 / (Ec * Ie) δCR = 0.1554302 mm
Total deflection δTOT = δe + δCR δTOT = 2.8643734 mm
δtot < Lx / 250...OK!!
B.13. PUNCHING SHEAR CHECK

Fig. Punching Shear

Concrete compression strength fc' = 24.90 Mpa
Punching shear required fv = 0.3 * √ fc' fv = 1.50 Mpa
Reduction factor φ = 0.75
Truck load at slab PTT = 157.50 kN
Tire dimension a = 200.00 mm
b = 500.00 mm
Height of slab h = 200.00 mm
Thickness of asphalt ta = 50.00 mm
Width of punching shear area u = a + 2 * ta + h u = 500.00 mm
Length of punching shear area v = b + 2 * ta + h v = 800.00 mm
Thickness of slab d = 165.00 mm
Area of punching shear plan Av = 2 * (u + v) * d Av = 429000.00 mm2
Nominal punching shear Pn = fv * Av Pn = 642212 N
Punching shear strength of slab Pn * φ= 481658.78 N
Ultimate load factor KTT = 1.80
Ultimate load at slab Pu = PTT * KTT Pu = 283500 N
Pu < φPn …OK!!

C. SIDE WALK SLAB CALCULATION

C.1. SELF WEIGHT
Length of side walk L = 1.00 m

b h L Weight Distance Moment

No Shape
(m) (m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
1 1.00 0.20 1 1.00 5.1 0.5 2.55
Self weight PMS = 5.1 MMS = 2.55

Distributed load Q = 5.00 kPa

Point load P = 20.00 kN
Width of side walk b3 = 1.00 m
Length of bridge L = 1.00 m

L Weight Distance Moment

(m) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
1 Distributed load 5.00 1.00 5 0.5 2.5
2 Point load 20.00 1.00 20.00 0.5 10
Moment doe to pedestrian load MTP = 12.5

Moment Ultimate
factor
kN.m kN.m
1 Self weight MMS 1.3 2.55 3.315
2 Pedestrian load MTP 1.8 12.5 22.5
Mu = 25.815

C.4. REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 25.82 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 24.90 Mpa
Yield strength fy = 390.00 Mpa
Thickness of slab h = 0.20 m
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 20.00 mm
Elastic modulus of bar E = 200000 Mpa
Shape factor concrete stress distribution b = 0.85
Balance reinforcement ratio ρb = b* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0279569
Maximum moment resistant
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 6.597664
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effective depth of slab d = h * 1000 - d' d = 180 mm
Width of slab b = 1000 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 32.26875 kN.m
Moment resitiant factor Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 0.9959491
Rn < Rmax ...OK!!
Reinforcement ratio required:
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0026168
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin = 25% * 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used: ρused= Max(ρ ; ρmin) ρused =0.0026168
Reinforcement area used: Aperlu = ρused * b * d Asperlu = 471.02497

Bar diameter used D = 13 mm

Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / Asperlu s = 281.79459 mm
D 13 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 663.66145
As > As perlu … OK!!

Shringkage reinforcement As = 50 % * ASperlu As = 235.51248

Bar diameter used D = 10 mm
Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / As s = 333.48473 mm
D 10 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 392.69908
As > As perlu … OK!!

D. APPROACH SLAB CALCULATION

D.1. APPROACH SLAB IN TRANSVERSE DIRECTION

Ultimate load factor KTT = 1.80
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.40
Truck load "T" PTT = T * (1 + DLA) PTT = 157.50 kN

D.1.2 MOMENT AT APPROACH SLAB

Thickness of approach slab h = 0.20 m
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.10 m
Contact plan width b = 0.50 m
b' = b + 2 * ta b' = 0.70 m
Concrete compression strength fc' =24.90 Mpa
Moment at approach slab Mmax = PTT / 2 * [1 - ( r * √ 2 / λ )0.6]
with :
λ = [Ec * h3/(12*(1-υ)*Ks)]0.25
Poison ratio υ = 0.20
Modulus elasticity of concrete Ec = 2.76E+07 kPa
Soil reaction modulus Ks = 81500.00 kN/m3
Width of load distribution r = b'/2 r = 0.35 m
λ = 0.7290543 m
Mmax = 16.327026 kN.m

D.1.3. APPROACH SLAB REINFORCEMENT IN TRANSVERSE DIRECTION

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 16.33 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength fy = 390.00 Mpa
Thickness of slab h = 0.20 m
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 50.00 mm
Elastic modulus of bar E = 200000 Mpa
Shape factor concrete stress distribution b = 0.85
Balance reinforcement ratio ρb = b* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0232974
Maximum moment resistant
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 5.4980533
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effective depth of slab d = h * 1000 - d' d = 150 mm
Width of slab b = 1000 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 20.408782 kN.m
Moment resitiant factor Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 0.907057
Rn < Rmax ...OK!!
Reinforcement ratio required:
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0023889
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin = 25% * 1.4 / fy ρmin =
0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used: ρused= Max(ρ ; ρmin) ρused =
0.0023889
Reinforcement area used: Aperlu = ρused * b * d Asperlu = 358.33214

Bar diameter used D = 13 mm

Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / Asperlu s = 370.41692 mm
D 13 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 663.66145
As > As perlu … OK!!
D.2. APPROACH SLAB IN LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION

Ultimate load factor KTT = 1.80
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.40
Truck load "T" PTT = T * (1 + DLA) PTT = 157.50 kN

D.2.2 MOMENT APPROACH SLAB

Thickness of approach slab h =0.20 m
Thickness of asphalt ta =0.00 m
Contact plan width a =0.30 m
a' = a + 2 * ta a' =0.30 m
Concrete compression strength fc' =
24.90 Mpa
Moment at approach slab Mmax = PTT / 2 * [1 - ( r * √ 2 / λ )0.6]
with :
λ = [Ec * h3/(12*(1-υ)*Ks)]0.25
Poison ratio υ = 0.20
Modulus elasticity of concrete Ec = 2.76E+07 kPa
Soil reaction modulus Ks = 81500.00 kN/m3
Width of load distribution r = a'/2 r = 0.15 m
λ = 0.7290543 m
Mmax = 41.204457 kN.m

D.2.3. APPROACH SLAB REINFORCEMENT IN LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION

Ultimate bending moment Mu = 41.20 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength fy = 390.00 Mpa
Thickness of slab h = 0.20 m
Distance bar to slab edge d' = 50.00 mm
Elastic modulus of bar E = 200000 Mpa
Shape factor concrete stress distribution b = 0.85
Balance reinforcement ratio ρb = b* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0232974
Maximum moment resistant
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 5.4980533
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effective depth of slab d = h * 1000 - d' d = 150 mm
Width of slab b = 1000 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 51.505572 kN.m
Moment resitiant factor Rn = Mn * 10 / (b * d2)
6
Rn = 2.2891365
Rn < Rmax ...OK!!
Reinforcement ratio required:
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0063098
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin = 25% * 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used: ρused= Max(ρ ; ρmin) ρused = 0.0063098
Reinforcement area used: Aperlu = ρused * b * d Asperlu = 946.4629

Bar diameter used D = 16 mm

Distance of bar required s = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / Asperlu s = 212.43509 mm
D 16 - 200
Reinforcement area used: As = 1/4 * Π * D2 * b / s As = 1005.3096
As > As perlu … OK!!
Dimension
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
TIMOR LESTE CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: TIMOR LESTE DATE : May 03,2018

Uraian Notasi Dimensi

Total width of bridge Btot = 9.00 m
Width of traffic lane b1 = 7.00 m
Width of median b2 = 0.00 m
Width of sidewalk b3 = 1.00 m
Width of barrier b4 = 0.00 m
Thickness of sidewalk tt = 0.20 m
Thickness of asphalt ta = 0.10 m
Thickness of concrete deck slab ts = 0.29 m
Thickness of water layer th = 0.10 m
Total height of bridge ha = 2.34 m
Height of steel girder hb = 0.80 m
Total length of bridge Ltot = 20.60 m
Clear span of bridge L = 20.00 m

Jenis Bahan Notasi Berat (kN/m3)

Concrete with reinforcement Wc' = 25.50
Concrte Wc" = 25.00
Asphalt Waspal = 23.00
Rain water Wair = 9.80

Unit Converter
Nilai Satuan Nilai Satuan
1 kPa 1 kN/m2
1 Mpa 0.1428571429 Ksi
1 Inch 25.4 mm
B. SUBSTRUCTURE DATA

Fig 2. Sub Structure Of Bridge

Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi Kode Dimensi
b1 = 0.300 m h1 = 1.520 m h12 = 2.170 m
b2= 0.250 m h2= 1.882 m h13= 3.000 m
b3 = 0.250 m h3 = 0.288 m h14 = 0.150 m
b4 = 0.750 m h4 = 4.700 m c = 3.000 m
b5 = 0.550 m h5 = 0.300 m Bx = 3.750 m
b6 = 0.550 m h6 = 0.550 m Htot = 6.220 m
b7 = 1.000 m h7 = 0.150 m Cek H 6.220 OK!!
b8 = 2.000 m h8 = 0.150 m Cek B 3.750 OK!!
b9 = 2.000 m h9 = 0.700 m
b10 = 1.000 m h10 = 0.700 m
b11 = 2.000 m h11 = 0.200 m

Abutment Data Symbol Value Unit

Length of Abutment BY 10.5 m
Wing wall thickness hw 0.4 m
Back Filling Soil Symbol Value Unit
Density Ws 17 kN/m3
Internal shear angle φ 30 °
Cohesion C 0 kPa
Base Soil Symbol Value Unit
Density Ws 0.00 kN/m3
Internal shear angle φ 27.10 °
Cohesion C 5.00 kPa
Structural Material Symbol Value Unit
Concrete K - 225 kg/cm2
Steel reinforcement U - 39

Parameter AREA Distance from O Statis Momen of O

Mx My
No Code b h Shape A x y
A. x A. y
(m) (m) m2 (m) (m) m3 m3
1 Abutment
1 0.30 1.52 1.00 0.46 1.60 5.46 0.73 2.49
1' 0.00 1.32 1.00 0.00 1.75 5.36 0.00 0.00
2 0.25 1.88 1.00 0.47 1.88 5.28 0.88 2.48
3 0.25 0.29 0.50 0.04 1.83 4.24 0.07 0.15
4 0.75 4.70 1.00 3.53 1.38 2.35 4.85 8.28
5 0.55 0.30 1.00 0.17 0.73 4.55 0.12 0.75
6 0.55 0.55 0.50 0.15 0.82 4.22 0.12 0.64
7 1.00 0.15 0.50 0.08 0.67 0.75 0.05 0.06
8 2.00 0.15 0.50 0.15 2.42 0.75 0.36 0.11
9 2.00 0.70 1.00 1.40 2.75 0.35 3.85 0.49
10 1.00 0.70 1.00 0.70 0.50 0.35 0.35 0.25
7.13 11.38 15.70
Central Gravity "X", x0 = SMx / SA x0 = 1.60 m
Center Of Gravity "Y", y0 = SMy / SA y0 = 2.20 m

C.1. SELF WEIGHT (MS)

Fig 5. Load distributed of super structure

Weight
kN
1 Steel Girder kN/m3 40.15
2 Deck slab kN/m3 206.02
3 Diphragm kN/m3 2.71
4 Median (concrete) kN/m3 0.00
5 Median (filling) kN/m 0.00
Total self weight of super structure WMS 248.87
Point load to abutment doe to self weight PMS = 50% WMS PMS 124.43665
Load eccentricity e = 0.6 m
Bending moment doe to self weight MMS = PMS * e , (kN.m) MMS 74.661991
C.1.2. SELF WEIGHT OF SUB STRUCTURES
Self weight:
a. Weight Of Abutment
b. Weight of Wings wall
c. Weight of backfilling soil at abutment

Total length of abutment By = 10.50 m

Toal Height of abutment Htot = 6.22 m
Width of abutment Bx = 3.75 m
Concrete density Wc = 25.50 kN/m3
Soil density Ws = 17.00 kN/m3
2x thickness of wing wall, Hwt = 2 * hw Hwt = 0.80 m

Parameter
Weight Distance Moment
No Code b h Shape Direction
(m) (m) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
1 Abutment
1 0.30 1.52 1.00 1.00 122.09 0.00 -0.44
1' 0.00 1.32 1.00 1.00 0.00 -0.15 0.00
2 0.25 1.88 1.00 -1.00 125.98 -0.3 35.10
3 0.25 0.29 0.50 -1.00 9.64 -0.24 2.28
4 0.75 4.70 1.00 1.00 943.82 0.22 208.96
5 0.55 0.30 1.00 1.00 44.18 0.87 38.50
6 0.55 0.55 0.50 1.00 40.50 0.78 31.58
7 1.00 0.15 0.50 1.00 20.08 0.93 18.67
8 2.00 0.15 0.50 -1.00 40.16 0.82 -32.94
9 2.00 0.70 1.00 -1.00 374.85 1.15 -432.43
10 1.00 0.70 1.00 1.00 187.43 1.10 205.49

2 Wing wall
11 2.000 0.200 1 -1.00 8.16 1.15 -9.413408
12 1.750 2.170 1 -1.00 77.469 1.28 -99.05217
13 2.000 3.000 1 -1.00 122.4 1.15 -141.2011
14 2.000 0.150 0.5 -1.00 3.06 1.49 -4.550028
15 0.250 0.288 0.5 -1.00 0.7344 0.32 -0.235207

3 Soil
16 2.000 0.200 1 -1.00 65.96 1.15 -76.09172
17 1.750 2.170 1 -1.00 626.20775 1.28 -800.6717
18 2.000 3.000 1 -1.00 989.4 1.15 -1141.376
19 2.000 0.150 0.5 -1.00 24.735 1.49 -36.77939
20 0.250 0.288 0.5 -1.00 5.9364 0.32 -1.901254

PMS = 3832.79 MMS = -2236.51

Fig 6. Substructure component
C.1.3. TOTAL LOAD DOE TO SELF WEIGHT (MS)
PMS MMS
(kN) (kN.m)
1 Super structures 124.44 74.66
2 Sub structures 3832.79 -2236.51
3957.22 -2161.85

1 )Asphalt overlay
2 )Rain water
3 )ME accessories

Thickness Width Length Number Density Weight

(m) (m) (m) (buah) (kN/m3) (kN)
1 Asphalt overlay 0.10 7.00 20.60 2 23.00 663.32
2 Railing, lights, dll. 2 0.5 1
3 ME accessories 2 0.1 0.2
4 Rain water 0.10 7 20.60 2 9.80 282.632
WMA = 947.152

C.3. LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE (TA)

Fig 8. Active earth pressure
Ws' = Ws
φ' = tan -1 (KφR * tan φ)
KφR, reduction factor for φ', KφR = 0.70
c' = KC * c
R

KCR, reduction factor for c, KcR = 0.50

Ka = tan (45 ° - φ'/2)
2

Weight of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3

Internal shear angle φ = 30.00 °
Cohession c = 0.00 Kpa
Height of abutment H = 5.37 m
Width of abutment By = 1.00 m
0.6 * Ws = 10.2 kN/m3
φ' = tan -1 R
(Kφ * tan φ) φ' = 0.3840747 rad
22.005859 °
Ka = tan2 (45 ° - φ'/2) Ka = 0.3938504

TTA Distance to O y Moment

Code Lateral Earth Pressure
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
1 TTA = (0.6 *Ws * Ka)* H * By 21.57 y = 1/2 * H 2.69 57.92
2 TTA = 1/2 * (H * Ws * Ka) * H * By 96.54 y = 1/3 * H 1.79 172.80
TTA = 118.11 MTA = 230.73

Uniform disributed load (UDL)of intensty q kpa, where q depnd on he total loaded of length as

q = 9 kPa untuk L ≤ 30 m
q = 9.0*(0.5 + 15kPa L ≥ 30 m

10
9
q (Kpa)

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110
L (m)

Fig 9. Intensity of UDL chart

Length of bridge L = 20.60 m
Uniformly Distributed Load (UDL), q = 9.00 kPa
Knife Edge Load p = ### kN/m
(Dinamic Load Allowance) for KEL :
DLA = 0.4 for L ≤ 50 m
DLA 0.4
= - 0.0025*(L - 50) firk 50 < L < 90 m
DLA = 0.3 for L ≥ 90 m

50
DLA (%)

40

30

20

10

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
L (m)

Length of bridge L = 20.60 m

Width of traffic lane b = 7.00 m
Dynamic load allowance DLA = 0.40
Lane load WTD = q * L * (5.5 + b)/2 + p * (1 + DLA) * (5.5 + b)/2 WTD = 1587.50 kN
Lane load to abutment PTD = 1/2 * WTD PTD = 793.75 kN
Load eccentricity e = 0.60 m
Bending Moment doe to lana load MTD = 476.25 kN.m

A = Area of side walk applied by pedestrian load (m2)

For A ≤ 10 m2 q = 5 kPa
For 10 m2 < A ≤ 100 m2 q = 5 - 0.033 * (A-1kPa
For A > 100 m2 q = 2 kPa
6

q (kPa)
4

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
A (m2)

Span Length L = 20.60 m

Width of side walk b = 1.00 m
Number of side walk n = 2.00 buah
Area of side walk A = L/2 * b * n A = 20.60 m2
Load at abutment PTP = A * q PTP = 95.79 kN
Load eccentricity e = 0.60 m
Moment doe to pedestrian load MTP = PTP * e MTP = 57.48 kN.m

Lane load PTD = 793.75 kN

Braking force 5% x PTD PTB = 39.69 kN
Distance to Foundation YTB = Htot + 1.8 YTB = 8.02 m
Moment at foundation doe to braking bforce MTB = PTB * YTB MTB = 318.29 kN.m
Distance to breast wall Y'TB = YTB - h10 - h7 Y'TB = 7.17 m
Moment at breast wall doe to braking force M'TB = PTB * Y'TB M'TB = 284.56 kN.m

Maximum average of temperature Tmax = 40.00 °C

Minimum average of temperature Tmin = 15.00 °C
Temperature difference, ΔT = (Tmax - Tmin) / 2 ΔT = 12.50 °C
Concrete compression strength f'c = 0.83* K / 10 f'c = 18.68 Mpa
Expansion coefficient of concrete α = 0.000010 /°C
Shear stifner as elastomeric k = 1500.00 kN/m
Length of girder L = 20.60 m
Number of girder n = 10.00 buah
Load at abutment doe to temperature TET = α * ΔT * k * L/2 * n TET = 19.31 kN
Distance to foundation YET = h10 + h7 + c + h6 + h5 YET = 4.70 m
Moment at the foundation doe to braking force MET = TET * YET MET = 90.77 kN.m
Diistance to the breast wall Y' ET
= Y ET
- h10 - h7 Y'ET = 3.85 m
Moment at the breast wall doe to braking force M'ET = TET * Y'ET M'ET = 74.35 kN.m

C.8.1 WINlD LOAD AT BRIDGE STRUCTURE
Formula :
TEW1 = 0.0006 * CW * (VW)2 * Ab ……….. kN
Where :
CW = Drag Coefficient
VW = Design wind speed
Ab = Vertical height plan of the bridge

Superstructure type Tipe = Masif

Total width of bridge b = 9.00 m
Height of superstructure d = 2.34 m
Comparison b/d = 3.85
Drag Coefficient Cw = 0.00
Design wind speed Vw = 35.00 m/det
Span length L = 20.60 m
Vertical height plan of the bridge ha = 2.34 m
Vertical height area of bridge Ab = L/2 * ha Ab = 24.10 m2
Wind load to abument TEW1 = 0.0006 * CW * (VW) * Ab
2
TEW1 = 0.00 kN
Disance to foundation YEW = H' + 1/2ha YEW = 5.87 m
Moment at foundation doe to wind load MEW1 = TEW1 * YEW MEW1 = 0.00 kN.m
Distance to breast wall Y'EW = YEW - h10 - h7 Y'WE = 5.02 m
Moment at breast wall doe to wind load M'EW1 = TEW1 * Y'EW M'EW1 = 0.00 kN.m

Fig 17. Wind load at bridge structure

Formula :
TEW2 = 0.0012 * CW * (VW)2 * L/2 ……….. kN

Drag Coefficient Cw = 1.20

Wind load to abument TEW2 = 0.0012 * CW * (VW) * L/2
2
TEW2 = 18.17 kN
Disance to foundation YEW = H' + hb + ts +ta YEW = 5.89 m
Moment at foundation doe to wind load MEW2 = TEW2 * YEW MEW2 = 107.02 kN.m
Distance to breast wall Y'EW = YEW - h10 - h7 Y'WE = 5.04 m
Moment at breast wall doe to wind load M'EW2 = TEW2 * Y'EW M'EW2 = 91.57 kN.m

C.8.3 TOTAL WIND LOAD AT ABUTMENT

Total moment at abutment doe to wind load TEW = TEW1 + TEW2 TEW = 18.17 kN
Total moment at foundation doe to wind load MEW MEW1 + MEW2 MEW = 107.02 kN
Total moment at breast wall doe to wind load M'EW = M'EW1 + M'EW2 M'EW = 91.57 kN

C.8.4 WIND LOAD TRANSFERRED TO DECK SLAB `

Formula :
TEW = 0.0012 * CW * (VW)2 * ……….. kN/m
Where:
CW = Drag Coefficient
VW = Design wind speed

Height of vertical plan h = 2.00 m
Distance of vehicle's tire x = 1.75 m
PEW = 2 * (1/2 * h / x * TEW) * L/2 PEW = 20.76 kN
Eccentricity to foundation e = 0.60 m
Total moment at foundation doe to wind load MEW = PEW * e MEW = 12.46 kN.m
Fig 18. Wind Load at Bridge Structrure Fig 19. Wind Load at Vehicle
C.9.1 STATIC EQUIVALENT
Formula:
TEQ = C / R * Wt
Where:
TEQ = Total shear force doe to earth quake load
PMS + PMA
C = Base shear coefficient
R = Modificaton Factor
Natural Periode:
T = 2 * π * √ [ WTP / (g * Kp)]
Where:
g = Gravity acceleration ( = 9.8 m/det2)
Kp = Stifness of bridge structure (kN/m)

WTP = PMS + 1/2*PMS(struktur

R e s p o n S p e k tra P e rc e p a ta n (g )

SPECTRAL RESPON
TIMOR LESTE
1 0 .0 0 0
0 .0 0 0
0 .5 0 0
1 .0 0 0
1 .5 0 0
2 .0 0 0
2 .5 0 0
3 .0 0 0
3 .5 0 0
4 .0 0 0
4 .5 0 0
5 .0 0 0
5 .5 0 0
6 .0 0 0
6 .5 0 0
7 .0 0 0
7 .5 0 0
8 .0 0 0
8 .5 0 0
9 .0 0 0
9 .5 0 0

Perioda (detik)

C.9.1.1 EARTH QUAKE LOAD TO TRANSVERSE DIRECTION (ARAH X)

Height of breast wall Lb = c + h5 + h6 Lb = 3.850 m
Width oh resat wall b = By b = 10.5 m
h = b4 h = 0.750 m
Moment Inertia of breast wall Ic = 1/12 * b * h3 Ic = 0.3691406 m4
Cooncrete compresion strength f'c = 18.68 MPa
Modulus elasticity Ec = 4700* √ fc' atau Ec = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 23928 Mpa
Stiffness of structure Kp = 3 * Ec * Ic / Lb3 Kp = 4.64E+05 kN/m
Gravity acceleration g = 9.8 m/dt2
Total self weight PMS = 124.43665 kN
Self weight of substructure PMS = 3832.79 kN
Total weight of structure WTP = PMS atas
+ 1/2 * PMS Bawah
WTP = 2040.8293 kN
Parameter period T = 0.133 sec
Ts = 0.711 sec
T0 = 0.142 sec
Since T < T0 , then , elastic respons coeff. Sa = 0.865

Respons modification factor R = 2

Peak Ground Aceleration C/R = 0.43
Dsign of earth quake load TEQ = C/R = Wt
Dsign of earth quake load TEQ = 0.43 Wt

Weight TEQ y MomenT

No Distance to point O
(kN) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
SUPER STRUCTURES
PMS 124.43665171 53.832248143 y = Htot 6.22 334.84
PMA 473.58 204.87260301 y = Htot 6.22 1274.31

ABUTMENT
1 122.09 52.818799078 y = h10 + h7 + c + h6 + h5 + 1/2*h1 5.46 288.39
1' 0.00 0 y = h10 + h7 + c + h6 + h5 + 1/2*h1' 5.46 0.00
2 125.976375 54.498344224 y = h10 + h7 + h13 +h3 + 1/2*h2 5.08 276.80
3 9.639 4.1699051904 y = h10 + h7 + h13 +2/3*h3 3.95 16.45
4 943.81875 408.30321656 y = 1/2*h4 2.35 959.51
5 44.17875 19.112065456 y = h10 + h7 + c + h6 +1/2*h5 4.55 86.96
6 40.4971875 17.519393335 y = h10 + h7 + c + 2/3*h6 4.22 73.87
7 20.08125 8.6873024799 y = h10 +1/3*h7 0.75 6.52
8 40.1625 17.37460496 y = h10 + 1/3*h8 0.75 13.03
9 374.85 162.16297963 y = 1/2*h10 0.35 56.76
10 187.425 81.081489813 y = 1/2*h10 0.35 28.38

WING WALL
11 8.16 3.530078468 y = h10 + h14 + h13 +h12 + 1/2*h11 6.12 21.60
12 77.469 33.513682456 y = h10 + h14 + h13 +1/2*h12 4.94 165.39
13 122.4 52.951177021 y = h10 + h14 + 1/2*h13 2.35 124.44
14 3.06 1.3237794255 y = h10 + 2/3*h14 0.80 1.06
15 0.7344 0.3177070621 y = h10 + h14 +h13 + 1/3*h3 3.95 1.25
TEQ = 1176.0693763 MEQ = 3729.56

C.9.1.2 EARTH QUAKE LOAD TO LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION (ARAH Y)

Height of breast wall Lb = c + h5 + h6 Lb = 3.850 m
Width oh resat wall b = By b = 10.5 m
h = b4 h = 0.750 m
Moment Inertia of breast wall Ic = 1/12 * b3 * h Ic = 72.351563 m4
Cooncrete compresion strength f'c = 18.68 MPa
Modulus elasticity Ec = 4700* √ fc' atau Ec = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) Ec = 23928 Mpa
Stiffness of structure Kp = 3 * Ec * Ic / Lb3 Kp = 9.10E+07 kN/m
Gravity acceleration g = 9.8 m/dt2
Total self weight PMS = 124.43665 kN
Self weight of substructure PMS = 3832.79 kN
Total weight of structure WTP = PMS atas
+ 1/2 * PMS Bawah
WTP = 2040.8293 kN
Peak Ground Aceleration 0.5*As = 0.22
Dsign of earth quake load TEQ = AS Wt
Dsign of earth quake load TEQ = 0.22 Wt
Total dead load Wt = PMS + PMA Wt = 2718.56 kN
Earth quake load at transverse diection TEQ = 588.03 kN
Moment at foundation doe to earth quake load MEQ = 1864.78 kN.m

K_(AE )= ( 〖 cos 〗 ^2 (φ-θ-β))/cos 〖 θ 〖 cos 〗 ^2 β cos 〖 (δ+β+θ) [1+

√(sin 〖 (δ+φ) sin(φ-θ-i) 〗 /(cos(δ+β+θ)cos(i-β)))]^2 〗 〗

θ = tan-1 (Kh)

Peak Ground Aceleration As = 0.36

Earth quake load coeficient Kh = 0.5 * As Kh = 0.18
Total height of abutment H = 5.37 m
Widthof abument By = 1.00 m
Internal shear angle of soil φ= 0.52 rad
Angle of wall d = 0.00
Wall inclination about vertical plan b = 0.00
Wall inclination about horizonta plan i = 0.00
Active earth presure cefficient Ka = 0.39
Density of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3

Cos2 (φ - ϴ - b) = 0.8853
Cos ϴ cos b cos (d + b + ϴ) =
2 0.9686
Sin (d + φ ) Sin (φ - ϴ - i) = 0.1693
Cos (d + b + ϴ ) Cos (i-b) = 0.9842

Dynamic earth pressure coefficient KAE = 0.65

ΔKAE = KAE - Ka ΔKAE = 0.25
Lateral earth quake load TEQ = 1/2 * H * Ws * ΔKAE * H * By TEQ = 61.809616 kN
Distance to foundation y = 2/3 * H y = 3.58 m
Moment doe to dynamic earth pressure MEQ = TEQ * y MEQ = 221.28 kN.m

C.10. FRITION AT RESTRAIN POINT (FB)

Shear coefficient at restrain μ = 0.18

Self weight PMS = 124.43665 kN

Abutment reaction PT = PMS + PMA PT = 598.01 kN
Shear force at restain point TFB = PT * μ TFB = 107.64228 kN
Distance to foundation YFB = h10 + h7 + c + h6 + h5 YFB = 4.700 m
Moment at foundation MFB = TFB * YFB MFB = 505.9187 kN.m
Distance to breast wal Y'FB = YFB - h10 - h7 Y'FB = 3.850 m
Momnet at breast wall M'FB = TFB * Y'FB MFB = 414.42277 kN.m
Fig 21. Friction at restrain point

Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
A. PERMANEN ACTION
1 Self weight MS 3957.22 -2161.85
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11 230.73

4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79 57.48
6 Braking force TB 39.69 318.29

C. ENVIROMENT ACTION
7 Temperature ET 19.31 90.77
8 Wind load EW 20.76 18.17 12.46 107.02
9 Earth quake load EQ 1176.0694 588.03 3729.56 1864.78
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ 61.809616 221.28

D. OTHER ACTION
11 Friction at restrain point FB 107.64228 414.42277

C.11.1.1. COMBINATION 1
Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.222 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11086 230.72606
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79412 57.476472
6 Braking force TB
7 Temperature ET
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ
11 Friction at restrain point FB
5320.3421 118.11086 0 -1113.249 0

C.11.1.2. COMBINATION 2
Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.222 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11086 230.72606
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79412 57.476472
6 Braking force TB 39.6875 318.29375
7 Temperature ET
8 Wind load EW 20.7648 18.1692 12.45888 107.01659
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ
11 Friction at restrain point FB
5341.1069 157.79836 18.1692 -782.4963 107.01659
C.11.1.3. COMBINATION 3
Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.222 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11086 230.72606
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79412 57.476472
6 Braking force TB 39.6875 318.29375
7 Temperature ET
8 Wind load EW 20.7648 18.1692 12.45888 107.01659
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ
11 Friction at restrain point FB 107.64228 414.42277
5341.1069 265.44064 18.1692 -368.0735 107.01659

C.11.1.4. COMBINATION 4
Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.222 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11086 230.72606
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79412 57.476472
6 Braking force TB 39.6875 318.29375
7 Temperature ET 19.3125 90.76875
8 Wind load EW 20.7648 18.1692 12.45888 107.01659
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ
11 Friction at restrain point FB 107.64228 414.42277
5341.1069 284.75314 18.1692 -277.3048 107.01659

C.11.1.5. COMBINATION 5
Dir. Vertical Horizontal Moment
No Load/Action P TX TY MX MY
Code
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.222 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA
6 Braking force TB
7 Temperature ET
9 Earth quake load EQ 1176.0694 588.03469 3729.5563 1864.7782
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ 61.809616 221.27842
11 Friction at restrain point FB
4430.798 1237.879 588.03469 2073.1333 1864.7782

P TX TY MX MY
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 0% 5320.34 118.11 0.00 -1113.25 0.00
2 Combination 2 0% 5341.11 157.80 18.17 -782.50 107.02
3 Combination 3 0% 5341.11 265.44 18.17 -368.07 107.02
4 Combination 4 0% 5341.11 284.75 18.17 -277.30 107.02
5 Combination 5 50% 4430.80 1237.88 588.03 2073.13 1864.78
C.12. OVERTUNING CHECK
C.12.1 OVERTUNING CHECK FOR X DIRECTION
Point of overturning in end of foundation (A)
Center gravity in "X" Direction X0 = 1.60 m
Moment resistant about overtuning Mpx = P * X0 * (1 + k)
Where:
My = Overturning moment
Safety Factor SF = Mpx / Mx
Have to >= 1.5
P Mx Mpx
No Kombinasi k SF Ket.
(kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 0% 5320.34 -1113.25 8493.3732 7.6293567 Mpx/My > 1.5 OK!!
2 Combination 2 0% 5341.11 -782.50 8526.522 10.896565 Mpx/My > 1.5 OK!!
3 Combination 3 0% 5341.11 -368.07 8526.522 23.165268 Mpx/My > 1.5 OK!!
4 Combination 4 0% 5341.11 -277.30 8526.522 30.747837 Mpx/My > 1.5 OK!!
5 Combination 5 50% 4430.80 2073.13 10609.963 5.1178391 Mpx/My > 1.5 OK!!

Length of pile cap BY = 10.50 m

1/2 timens of pile cap length BY/2 = 5.25 m
Moment resistant about overtuning Mpx = P * (BY / 2) * (1 + k)
Dimana :
My = Overturning moment
Safety Factor SF = Mpy / My
Have to >= 1.5

P My Mpy
No Combination k SF Ket.
(kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 0% 5320.34 0.00 27931.796 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
2 Combination 2 0% 5341.11 107.02 28040.811 262.02304 Mpy/Mx > 1.5 OK!!
3 Combination 3 0% 5341.11 107.02 28040.811 262.02304 Mpy/Mx > 1.5 OK!!
4 Combination 4 0% 5341.11 107.02 28040.811 262.02304 Mpy/Mx > 1.5 OK!!
5 Combination 5 50% 4430.80 1864.78 34892.534 18.711359 Mpy/Mx > 1.5 OK!!

C.13. SLIDING CHECK

C.13.1 SLIDING CHECK IN "X" DIRECTION

Soil parameter in base soil:

Internal friction angle : φ = 27.10 °
Cohession : C = 5.00 kPa
Dimension of pile cap:
Width in X direction BX = 3.75 m
Width in Y direction BY = 10.50 m

Sliding resistant force: H = (C * BX * BY + P * tan φ) * (1 + k)

TX = Sliding force
Safety factor: SF = H / TX
Have to >= 1.5

TX P H
No Combination k SF Ket.
(kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Combination 1 0% 118.11 5320.34 2919.4316 24.717724 H/Tx > 1.5 OK!!
2 Combination 2 0% 157.80 5341.11 2930.0575 18.568365 H/Tx > 1.5 OK!!
3 Combination 3 0% 265.44 5341.11 2930.0575 11.038466 H/Tx > 1.5 OK!!
4 Combination 4 0% 284.75 5341.11 2930.0575 10.289816 H/Tx > 1.5 OK!!
5 Combination 5 50% 1237.88 4430.80 3696.3433 2.9860296 H/Tx > 1.5 OK!!

C.13.2 SLIDING CHECK IN "Y' DIRECTION

Fig 24. Sliding point in "Y" direction

Soil parameter in base soil:

Internal friction angle : φ = 27.10 °
Cohession : C = 5.00 kPa
Dimension of pile cap:
Width in X direction BX = 3.75 m
Width in Y direction BY = 10.50 m
Sliding resistant force: H = (C * BX * BY + P * tan φ) * (1 + k)
TX = Sliding force
Safety factor: SF = H / TY
Have to >= 1,5

TY P H
No Combination k SF Ket.
(kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Combination 1 0% 0.00 5320.34 2919.4316 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
2 Combination 2 0% 18.17 5341.11 2930.0575 161.26508 H/Tx > 1.1 OK!!
3 Combination 3 0% 18.17 5341.11 2930.0575 161.26508 H/Tx > 1.1 OK!!
4 Combination 4 0% 18.17 5341.11 2930.0575 161.26508 H/Tx > 1.1 OK!!
5 Combination 5 50% 588.03 4430.80 3696.3433 6.2859274 H/Tx > 1.1 OK!!

D.1. PILE CAP
D.1.1 ULTIMATE LOAD COMBINATION OF PILE CAP

P TX TY MX MY
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 3957.22 -2161.847
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 118.11086 230.72606
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75 476.25
5 Pedestrian load TP 95.79412 57.476472
6 Braking force TB 39.6875 318.29375
7 Temperature ET 19.3125 90.76875
8 Wind load EW 20.7648 18.1692 12.45888 107.01659
9 Earth quake load EQ 1176.0694 588.03469 3729.5563 1864.7782
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ 61.809616 221.27842
11 Friction at restrain point FB 107.64228 414.42277

D.1.1.1 COMBINATION 1
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 5144.39 -2810.401
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 147.63857 288.40757
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75 857.25
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 572.92875
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 108.9225
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 14.950656 128.41991
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point
7545.21 242.25 21.80 -399.65 128.42

D.1.1.2 COMBINATION 2
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 5144.39 -2810.401
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 147.63857 288.40757
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75 857.25
5 Pedestrian load 1.80 172.42942 103.45765
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 572.92875
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 108.9225
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point 1.00 107.64228 414.42277
7692.72 349.89 0.00 103.28 0.00
D.1.1.3 COMBINATION 3
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 5144.39 -2810.401
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 147.63857 288.40757
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75 857.25
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 572.92875
7 Temperature
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 14.950656 128.41991
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point 1.00 107.64228 414.42277
7545.21 326.72 21.80 -94.15 128.42

D.1.1.4 COMBINATION 4
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 5144.39 -2810.401
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 147.63857 288.40757
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75 857.25
5 Pedestrian load 1.80 172.42942 103.45765
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 572.92875
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 108.9225
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 14.950656 128.41991
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point
7717.64 242.25 21.80 -296.19 128.42

D.1.1.5 COMBINATION 5
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 5144.39 -2810.401
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 147.63857 288.40757
6 Braking force
7 Temperature
9 Earth quake load 1.00 1176.0694 588.03469 3729.5563 1864.7782
10 Dynamic earth pressure 1.00 61.809616 221.27842
11 Friction at restrain point
6091.54 1385.52 588.03 1997.13 1864.78

D.1.1.6 SUMMARY OF LOAD COMBINATION PILE CAP

PU TUX TUY MUX MUY
No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 7545.21 242.25 21.80 -399.65 128.42
2 Combination 2 7692.72 349.89 103.28
3 Combination 3 7545.21 326.72 21.80 -94.15 128.42
4 Combination 4 7717.64 242.25 21.80 -296.19 128.42
5 Combination 5 6091.54 1385.52 588.03 1997.13 1864.78
E. BREAST WALL

Code Dimension Code Dimension

b1 = 0.300 m h1 = 1.520 m
b2= 0.250 m h2= 1.882 m
b3 = 0.250 m h3 = 0.288 m
b4 = 0.750 m c = 3.000 m
b5 = 0.550 m h5 = 0.300 m
b6 = 0.550 m h6 = 0.550 m
h13 = 3.000 m

FILLING SOIL Notasi Value Unit

Density Ws 17 kN/m3
Friction angle φ 30 °
Cohession C 0 kPa

E.1 SELF WEIGHT

Parameter Volume Density Weight
No Code b h By V BV W
Shape
(m) (m) (m) (m3) (kN/m3) (kN)
1 BREAST WALL
1 0.300 1.520 10.5 1 4.788 25.50 122.094
1' 0.000 1.320 10.5 1 0 25.50 0
2 0.250 1.882 10.5 1 4.94025 25.5 125.97638
3 0.250 0.288 10.5 0.5 0.378 25.5 9.639
4 0.750 3.850 10.5 1 30.31875 25.5 773.12813
5 0.550 0.300 10.5 1 1.7325 25.5 44.17875
6 0.550 0.550 10.5 0.5 1.588125 25.5 40.497188
Super structure (slab, girder) 124.43665
PMS = 1239.9501

E.1.2. LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE (TA)

Fig 26. Active earth pressure

Ws' = Ws
φ' = tan -1 (KφR * tan φ)
KφR, reduction factor for φ', KφR = 0.70
c' = KCR * c
KCR, reduction factor for c, KcR = 0.50
Ka = tan (45 ° - φ'/2)
2

Weight of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3

Internal friction angle φ = 30.00 °
Cohession c = 0.00 Kpa
Height of breast wall H' = 5.37 m
Width of abutmwnt By = 10.50 m
0.6 * Ws = 10.2 kN/m3
φ' = tan -1
(KφR * tan φ) φ' = 0.3840747 rad
22.005859 °
Ka = tan2 (45 ° - φ'/2) Ka = 0.3938504

TTA Distance about O y Moment

(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
1 TTA = (0.6 *Ws * Ka)* H' * By 226.51 y = 1/2 * H' 2.69 608.19
2 TTA = 1/2 * (H' * Ws * Ka) * H' * By 1013.65 y = 1/3 * H' 1.79 1814.43
TTA = 1240.16 MTA = 2422.62

E.1.3.1 STATIC EQUIVALENT

Fig 27. Static equivalent

Earth quake load design : TEQ = 0.4326077 Wt
Weight TEQ y Momen
No Distance from O
(kN) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
SUPER STRUCTURE
PMS 124.44 53.83 y = H' 5.37 289.08
PMA 473.58 204.87 y = H' 5.37 1100.17

BREAST WALL
1 122.09 52.82 y = c + h6 + h5 + 1/2*h1 4.61 243.49
1' 0.00 0.00 y = c + h6 + h5 + 1/2*h1' 4.51 0.00
2 125.98 54.50 y = h13 + h3 + 1/2*h2 4.23 230.47
3 9.64 4.17 y = h13 +2/3*h3 3.19 13.31
4 773.13 334.46 y = 1/2*h4 1.93 643.84
5 44.18 19.11 y = c + h6 + 1/2*h5 3.70 70.71
6 40.50 17.52 y = c + 2/3*h6 3.37 58.98
TEQ = 741.28 MEQ = 2650.06

E.1.3.2 DYNAMIC EARTH PRESSURE DOE TO EARTH QUAKE

Density of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3
Dynamic earth pressure coefficient ΔKAE = 0.25
Total height of breast wall H' = 5.37 m
Width of abutment By = 10.50 m

TEQ Distance from O y Moment

Code Dynamic earth pressure
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
1 TEQ = 1/2 * (H' * Ws * ΔKAE) * H' * By 649.00 y = 2/3 * H' 3.58 2323.42
2 TEQ = (h7 + h10) * Ws * ΔKAE * H' * By 205.46 y = 1/2 * H' 2.69 551.65
TTA = 854.46 MTA = 2875.07

Fig 28. Dynamic earth pressure

E.2. ULTIMATE LOAD COMBINATION AT BREAST WALL

P TX TY MX MY
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight MS 1239.95
3 Lateral earth pressure TA 1240.16 2422.62
4 Lane load "D" TD 793.75
6 Braking force TB 39.69 284.56
7 Temperature ET 19.31 74.35
8 Wind load EW 20.76 18.17 91.57
9 Earth quake load EQ 741.28 741.28 2650.06 2650.06
10 Dynamic earth pressure EQ 854.46 2875.07
11 Friction at restrain point FB 107.64228 414.42277

E.2.1 COMBINATION 1
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 1611.94
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 1550.205 3028.2795
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 512.20688
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 89.22375
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 109.88732
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point
4012.75 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89

E.2.2 COMBINATION 2
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 1611.94
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 1550.205 3028.2795
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 512.20688
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 89.22375
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point 1.00 107.64228 414.42277
4160.27 1752.46 0.00 4044.13 0.00

E.2.3 COMBINATION 3
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 1611.94
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 1550.205 3028.2795
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 512.20688
7 Temperature
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 109.88732
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point 1.00 107.64228 414.42277
4012.75 1729.28 21.80 3954.91 109.89
E.2.4 COMBINATION 4
Load P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Self weight 1.30 1611.94
3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 1550.205 3028.2795
4 Lane load "D" 1.80 1428.75
6 Braking force 1.80 71.4375 512.20688
7 Temperature 1.20 23.175 89.22375
8 Wind load 1.20 24.91776 21.80304 109.88732
10 Dynamic earth pressure
11 Friction at restrain point
4185.18 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89

E.2.5 COMBINATION 5
P TX TY MX MY
No Load / Action Factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)

1 Self weight 1.30 1611.94

3 Lateral earth pressure 1.25 1550.205 3028.2795
6 Braking force
7 Temperature
9 Earth quake load 1.00 741.2845 741.2845 2650.0579 2650.0579
10 Dynamic earth pressure 1.00 854.45751 2875.0743
11 Friction at restrain point
2559.09 3145.95 741.28 8553.41 2650.06

E.2.6 SUMMARY OF LOAD COMBINATION AT BREAST WALL

PU TUX TUY MUX MUY
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 4012.75 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89
2 Combination 2 4160.27 1752.46 4044.13
3 Combination 3 4012.75 1729.28 21.80 3954.91 109.89
4 Combination 4 4185.18 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89
5 Combination 5 2559.09 3145.95 741.28 8553.41 2650.06

F. BACK WALL

Code Dimension Code Dimension Soil Filling Symbol Value Unit

b1 = 0.300 m h1 = 1.520 m Soil density Ws 17 kN/m3
b2= 0.250 m h2= 1.882 m Friction angle φ 30 °
b3 = 0.250 m h3 = 0.288 m Cohession C 0 kPa
h3' = 0.437 m
F.1. EARTH PRESSURE (TA)

0.6*Ws

h1 1
2

h1*Ws*Ka 0.6*Ws*Ka

Fig 30. Lateral Earth Pressure at Back Wall

Ws' = Ws
φ' = tan -1 (KφR * tan φ)
KφR, reduction factor for φ', KφR = 0.70
c' = KC * c
R

KCR, reduction factor for c, KcR = 0.50

Ka = tan (45 ° - φ'/2)
2

Weight of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3

Internal friction angle φ = 30.00 °
Cohession c = 0.00 Kpa
Height of breast wall h1 = 1.52 m
Width of abutmwnt Bw = 9.70 m
0.6 * Ws = 10.2 kN/m3
φ' = tan -1 R
(Kφ * tan φ) φ' = 0.3840747 rad
22.005859 °
Ka = tan2 (45 ° - φ'/2) Ka = 0.3938504

TTA Distance about O y Moment

(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
1 TTA = (0.6 *Ws * Ka)* h1 * Bw 59.23 y = 1/2 * h1 0.76 45.02
2 TTA = 1/2 * (h1* Ws * Ka) * h1 * Bw 75.03 y = 1/3 * h1 0.51 38.01
TTA = 134.26 MTA = 83.03

F.2.1 STATIC EQUIVALENT

b2 b1

h2 h1
h3
h3'
b3 b4
Fig 31. Back wall component
Earth quake load design TEQ = 0.4326077 Wt
TEQ Distance about O y Moment
Code Dynamic earth pressure
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
BACK WALL
1 122.09 52.82 y = 1/2*h1 0.76 40.14
1 0.00 0.00 y = 1/2*h1' 0.66 0.00
2 125.98 54.50 y = h3' + h3 + 1/2*h2 1.67 90.79
3 9.64 4.17 y = h3' + 2/3*h3 0.63 2.62
TEQ = 111.49 MEQ = 133.56
F.2.2. DYNAMIC EARTH PRESSURE DOE TO EARTH QUAKE

1
h1 2

Fig 32. Earth pressure at back wall

Density of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3
Dynamic earth pressure coefficient ΔKAE = 0.25
Total height of breast wall h1= 1.52 m
Width of abutment Bw = 9.70 m

TEQ Distance about O y Moment

Code Dynamic earth pressure
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m)
1 TEQ = 1/2 * (H' * Ws * ΔKAE) * H' * Bw 48.04 y = 2/3 * h1 1.01 48.68
2 TEQ = (h7 + h10) * Ws * ΔKAE * H' * Bw 0.00 y = 1/2 * h1 0.76 0.00
TTA = 48.04 MTA = 48.68

F.3. ULTIMATE LOAD COMBINATION AT BACK WALL

Where:
Ultimate shear force, Vu = K * T
Ultimate bending moment , Mu = K * M

No Load Factor (kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN.m)
1 Earth pressure (TA) 1.25 134.26 83.03 167.82027 103.78532
2 Earth quake load (EQ) 1.00 111.49 133.56 111.48705 133.5594
3 Dynamic earth pressure (EQ) 1.00 48.04 48.68 48.03595 48.676429
Ultimit load at back wall 327.34327 286.02115

G. CORBEL
Minimum restrain length check,

Length of restrain requirement :

N = (0.203 + 0.02L + 0.08H)(1 + 0.000125S 2)

a h

Seismic design category KDS = D

Maximum drift doe to earth quake load dfx = 0.01 m
Maximum ductility μD = 0.00
Value of Ts in spektra respons chart Ts = SD1/SDS Ts = 0.71 s
Value of Ts in spektra respons chart T* = 1.25 * Ts T* = 0.89 s
Stifness value in X direction Kpx = 4.64E+05 kN/m
Total weight of structure W = 2.04E+03 kN
Natural periode T x= 2 * pi() * SQRT(W/(g*K px)) Tx = 0.132993 s
Earth quake reduction factor R = 1.5
Drift magnification factor - X dir Rdx = #DIV/0!
Maximum drift doe to earth quake load ∆eq = dfx * Rd ∆eq = #DIV/0! m
Length of restrain Nterpasang = 0.65 m
Length span L = 20.60 m
Minimum restrain length Nmin = 0.62 m
OK (Npasang > Nmin)

Height of bearing pad, x = 0.10 m

Height of corbel h = h6 + h5 + x h = 0.95 m
Width of corbel b = 10.50 m
Concrete cover d' = 0.075 m
Effective depth of corbel d = h6 + h5 - d' d = 0.78 m
Load eccentricity a = 0.049 m

No Load factor (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Self weight 2 124.44 248.8733
3 Lane load 1.8 793.75 1428.75
4 Pedestrian load 1.8 95.79 172.42942
5 Wind load 1.2 20.76 24.91776
6 Braking force 1.8 39.69 71.4375
7 Temperature 1.2 19.31 23.175
8 Friction load 1 107.64228 107.64228
2490.6193 202.25478
Vertical load Vu = 2490.62 kN
Horizontal load Nuc = 202.25 kN
Ultimit flexure moment, Mu = Vu *a + Nuc * (h - d) Mu = 157.43 kN.m
H. WING WALL

Mx = 1/2 * Mjepit arah x

My = 1/2 * Mjepit atah y

Code Dimension
h11 = 0.200 m
h12= 2.170 m
h13 = 3.000 m
h14 = 0.150 m
Hw = 0.400 m
b11 = 2.000 m

Wing wall properties

Wing wall thickness Hw = 0.40 m
Length of wing wall in " Y" Hx = b11 Hx = 2.00 m
Length of wing wall in " X" Hy = h11 + h12 + h13 Hy = 5.37 m
Weight of concrete Wc = 25.50 kN/m3

H.1. EARTH PRESSURE AT WING WALL

Where:
Total height of wing wall Hx = 2.00 m
Hy = 5.37 m
Active earth pressure coefficient Ka = 0.3938504
Weight of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3
0.6 * Ws = 10.2 kN/m3
22.005859 °
Ka = 0.3938504

TTA
No Eart pressure
(kN)
1 TTA = 0.6 * Ws * Ka *Hy * Hx 43.146
2 TTA = 1/2 * Hy * Ws * Ka * Hy * Hx 193.076

Moment and shear force doe to earth pressure

TTA y x My Mx
No Distance to O Distance to O
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 43.146 y = 1/2 * Hy 2.685 y = 1/2 * Hx 1.000 57.923 21.573
2 193.076 y = 1/3 * Hy 1.790 y = 1/3 * Hx 0.667 172.803 64.359
236.222 230.726 85.931

H.2 EARTH QUAKE LOAD (STATIC EQUIVALENT)

Weight of wing wall Wt = Hy * Hx * Hw * Wc Wt = 109.55 kN
Lateral load doe to earth quake TEQ = 0.4326077 Wt
TEQ = 47.39 kN
Distance about X dir x = 1/2 * Hx x = 1.00 m
Distace about Y dir y = 1/2 * Hy y = 2.69 m
Moment X, Mx = TEQ * x Mx = 47.39 kN.m
Moment Y, My = TEQ * y My = 127.25 kN.m

Code Dimension Code Dimension

h7 = 0.150 m Hy = 5.370 m
h10 = 0.700 m Hx = 2.000 m

Weight of soil Ws = 17.00 kN/m3

Dynamic earth pressure coefficient ΔKAE = 0.25

TEQ
No Earth pressure
(kN)
1 TEQ = (h7 + h10) * Ws * ΔKAE * Hy * Hx 39.135
2 TEQ = 1/2 * Hy * Ws * ΔKAE * Hy * Hx 123.619

Moment and shear force doe to earth pressure

TTA y x My Mx
No Distance to O Distance to O
(kN) (m) (m) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 39.135 y = 1/2 * Hy 2.685 y = 1/2 * Hx 1.000 52.538 19.567
2 123.619 y = 2/3 * Hy 3.580 y = 2/3 * Hx 1.333 221.278 82.413
162.754 273.817 101.980

H.4. ULTIMATE LOAD COMBINATION AT WING WALL

Where:
Ultimate shear force, Vu = K * T
Ultimate bending moment , Mu = K * M

No Load factor (kN) (kN.m) (kN)
1 Earth pressure (TA) 1.25 236.22 85.93 230.726
2 Earth quake load (EQ) 1.00 47.39 47.39 127.25
3 Dynamic earth pressure (EQ) 1.00 162.75 101.98 273.817

Vu Mux Muy
(kN) (kN.m) (kN)
1 Earth pressure (TA) 295.28 107.41 288.408
2 Earth quake load (EQ) 47.39 47.39 127.25
3 Dynamic earth pressure (EQ) 162.75 101.98 273.817
505.42 256.79 689.470
Dimensi
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
omen of O
My
A. y
m3

2.49
0.00
2.48
0.15
8.28
0.75
0.64
0.06
0.11
0.49
0.25
15.70
Weight

kN
40.15
206.02
2.71
0.00
0.00
248.87
124.43665
m
74.661991
Weight
(kN)
663.32
1
0.2
282.632
947.152
Moment
(kN.m)
57.92
172.80
230.73
MomenT
(kN.m)

334.84
1274.31

288.39
0.00
276.80
16.45
959.51
86.96
73.87
6.52
13.03
56.76
28.38

21.60
165.39
124.44
1.06
1.25
3729.56
Moment
MY
(kN.m)

107.02
1864.78

Moment
MY
(kN.m)

0
Moment
MY
(kN.m)

107.01659

107.01659
Moment
MY
(kN.m)

107.01659

107.01659

Moment
MY
(kN.m)

107.01659

107.01659

Moment
MY
(kN.m)

1864.7782

1864.7782

MY
(kN.m)
0.00
107.02
107.02
107.02
1864.78
Ket.

y > 1.5 OK!!
y > 1.5 OK!!
y > 1.5 OK!!
y > 1.5 OK!!
Ket.

#DIV/0!
x > 1.5 OK!!
x > 1.5 OK!!
x > 1.5 OK!!
x > 1.5 OK!!

Ket.

> 1.5 OK!!

> 1.5 OK!!
> 1.5 OK!!
> 1.5 OK!!
> 1.5 OK!!
Ket.

#DIV/0!
> 1.1 OK!!
> 1.1 OK!!
> 1.1 OK!!
> 1.1 OK!!

MY
(kN.m)

107.01659
1864.7782

MY
(kN.m)

128.41991

128.42

MY
(kN.m)
0.00
MY
(kN.m)

128.41991

128.42

MY
(kN.m)

128.41991

128.42

MY
(kN.m)

1864.7782

1864.78

MUY
(kN.m)
128.42

128.42
128.42
1864.78
Moment
(kN.m)
608.19
1814.43
2422.62
Momen
(kN.m)

289.08
1100.17

243.49
0.00
230.47
13.31
643.84
70.71
58.98
2650.06

Moment
(kN.m)
2323.42
551.65
2875.07
MY
(kN.m)

91.57
2650.06

MY
(kN.m)

109.88732

109.89

MY
(kN.m)

0.00

MY
(kN.m)

109.88732
109.89
MY
(kN.m)

109.88732

109.89

MY

(kN.m)

2650.0579

2650.06

MUY
(kN.m)
109.89

109.89
109.89
2650.06

Unit
kN/m3
°
kPa
Moment
(kN.m)
45.02
38.01
83.03
Moment
(kN.m)

40.14
0.00
90.79
2.62
133.56
Moment
(kN.m)
48.68
0.00
48.68

Mu
(kN.m)
103.78532
133.5594
48.676429
286.02115
h

Nuc
(kN)

71.4375
23.175
107.64228
202.25478
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
EAST NUSA TENGGARA CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: EAST NUSA TENGGARA DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : ABUTMENT REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION

1. BREAST WALL
1.1. INTERNL FORCE AT BREAST WALL
PU TUX TUY MUX MUY
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 4012.75 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89
2 Combination 2 4160.27 1752.46 4044.13
3 Combination 3 4012.75 1729.28 21.80 3954.91 109.89
4 Combination 4 4185.18 1644.82 21.80 3629.71 109.89
5 Combination 5 2559.09 3145.95 741.28 8553.41 2650.06

Concrete quality K - 250

Concrete compression strength fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 20.75 Mpa
Bar quality U - 39
Yield strength of bar fy = U* 10 fy = 390 MPa
Breast wall dmension By = 10.5 m
b4 = 0.75 m
Height of breast wall hb = 3.85 m

Width of breast wall b = 1000 mm

Thickess of beast wall h = 750 mm

Section area of breast wall Ag = 750000 mm2

Pu = Ultimate axial force at breast wall
Mu = Ultimate bendig moment at breast wall
φ.Pn = Pu
φ.Mn = Mu

Internal force For L = 1 m

PU MU PU MU α β
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN.m) Pu / (fc'.Ag) Mu /(fc'.Ag.h)
1 Combination 1 4012.75 3629.71 382.16713 345.68668 0.0245569241 0.0296170649
2 Combination 2 4160.2665 4044.1329 396.21586 385.15551 0.0254596537 0.0329985983
3 Combination 3 4012.7549 3954.9092 382.16713 376.65801 0.0245569241 0.0322705662
4 Combination 4 4185.1843 3629.7101 398.58898 345.68668 0.0256121433 0.0296170649
5 Combination 5 2559.0871 8553.4116 243.72258 814.61063 0.0156608888 0.0697926111
Fig 2. Interaction diagram

Reinforcement ratio required ρ = 1.00 %

Reinforcement area required As = ρ * b * h As = 7500.00 mm2
Reinforceent diameter used D = 22.00 mm
Tensile reinforcement = compression rinorcement Astekan = Astarik = 1/2 * As = 3750 mm2
Reinforcement spacing required s = 1/4*pi()*D 2
*b/(As tekan
) s = 101.36872 mm

No Reinforcement Numbr of layer Dimeter Spacing Ratio Value

1 Compression 1 D 22 100 ρtekan = 0.51
2 Tensile 1 D 22 100 ρtarik = 0.51
ρtulangan = 1.01

1.3 BREAST WALL ANALYSIS WITH INTERACTION DIAGRAM

Interaction diagram of breast wall is analysis by using the Sp Column software:

PU MUX MUY
No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Combination 1 4012.75 3629.71 109.89
2 Combination 2 4160.2665 4044.1329 0.00
3 Combination 3 4012.7549 3954.9092 109.88732
4 Combination 4 4185.1843 3629.7101 109.88732
5 Combination 5 2559.0871 8553.4116 2650.0579

Section of breast wall b4 = 750 mm

By = 10500 mm
Reiforcement D = 22.00 mm
Reinfocement area (1 bar) Ad = 380.13271 mm2
Weight of bar Wd = 2.98386 kg/m
Distance of bar S = 100 mm
Number of layer n = 1 buah
Concrete compresion strength fc ' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength bar fy = 390 Mpa
Concrete cover d' = 100 mm
1.3.1 Modelling with spColumn

1.3.2 Analysis result by SpColumn

Section Rectangular
Width Width = 750 mm
Depth Depth = 24100 mm
Gross Section Area, Ag = 17100000 mm2
Inertia x, Ix = 5.144E+14 mm4
Inertia y, Iy = 1.154E+12 mm4
Total reinforcement area As = 193090 mm2
Pu Mux Muy fMnx fMny fMn/Mu Phi
No.
kN kNm kNm kNm kNm
--------------
-----------
-----------
-----------
----------- -------- ------
1 7503.4 8491.6 290 422182 14418.11 49.718 0.9
2 7717.5 10135.6 0 592427.63 0 58.45 0.9
3 7503.4 10041.1 290 459342.84 13266.44 45.746 0.9
4 7742.3 8491.6 290 423011.94 14446.45 49.815 0.9
5 6055 23920.2 5556.6 102761.68 23871.27 4.296 0.9

P ( kN) P ( kN)
300000 300000
(P max) (P max)

4
2
1
3 5
0 1000000 0 200000
M (0°) ( kNm) M (13°) ( kNm)

(P min) (P min)

-100000 -100000

P ( kN) P ( kN)
300000 300000
(P max) (P max) (P max) (P max)

4
2
1
3 5
-600000 600000 -200000 200000

-100000 -100000

1.4 BREAST WALL SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Ultimate shear force Pu = 243.72258 kN
Ulttimate bending moment Mu = 814.61063 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength of steel fy = 390 Mpa
Width of abutment b = 1000 mm
Ultimate axial force Pu = 243722.58 N
Ulttimate bending moment Mu = 814610633 N.mm
Shear reduction factor φ = 0.65
Height of abutment hb = 3850 mm
Thicknes of abutment b4 = 750 mm
Distance bar to concrete edge d' = 100 mm
Maximum shear force Vu = Mu / L Vu = 211587.18 N
Effective depth d = b4 - d' d = 650 mm
Shear strengh capacity Vcmax = 0.5 * φ * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vcmax = 962289.55 N
….. OK, Dimension is safe about shear
Shear strengh capacity by concrete Vc = 1/6 * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vc = 4.93E+05
Shear strengh capacity by concrete Vn = Vc * φ Vn = 3.21E+05
….. Vu < Vn, Need minimum shear reinforcement
Shear strengh capacity by reinforcement Vs = ABS ( Vu - Vn )/φ Vs= 167963.08 N
Shear reinforcement area required Av/s = Vs/ (fy * d) Av/s= 0.6625763 mm2/mm
Minimum shear reinforcement area Av/smin = 0.062 * sqrt (fc') * b / fy Av/s min= 0.7241627 mm2/mm
Shear reinforcement area used Av/s = 0.7241627 mm2/mm
n D s
Shear reinforcement used 2 D 16 - 300
Shear reinforcement area used Av/s = 1/4*pi()*D2*n / s Av/s = 1.3404129
OKE!

2. BACK WALL CALCULATION

Vu Mu
(kN) (kN.m)
1 Lateral earth pressure (TA) 167.82027 103.78532
2 Earth quake load (EQ) 111.48705 133.5594
3 Dynamic earth quake load (EQ) 48.03595 48.676429
Total load at back wall : 327.34327 286.02115

By

bb
Fig 6. Back wall section

Concrete compression strength fc' = 20.75 Mpa

Yield strength of steel fy = 390 Mpa
Bottom dimension of back wall By = 10.5 m
bb = 0.55 m
Width of back wall
Bottom width of back wall b = 1000 mm
Bottom thickness of back wall bb = 550 mm

Internal force For width 1 m

Vu Mu Vu Mu
No Beban kerja
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN.m)
1 Lateral earth pressure (TA) 167.82027 103.78532 15.982883 9.8843161
2 Earth quake load (EQ) 111.48705 133.5594 10.617814 12.719943
3 Dynamic earth quake load (EQ) 48.03595 48.676429 4.5748524 4.6358504
Total load at back wall : 327.34327 286.02115 31.175549 27.240109

2.1. BENDING REINFORCEMENT

Ulttimate bending moment Mu = 27.240109 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc ' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength of steel fy = 390 MPa
Bottom thickness of back wall h = 0.55 m
Width of back wall b = 1 m
Distance bar to concrete edge d' = 50 mm
Elastic modulus of steer Es = 200000
Stress distribution shape factor β1 = 0.85
ρb = b1* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0232974
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 5.4980533
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Width of back wall b = 1000 mm
Effective depth of back wall d = 500 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 34.050137 kN.m
Momen resistant Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 0.1362005
Rn < Rmax ….. OK!
Reinforcement ratio required
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0003506
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin =25%* 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used ρused =Max[ρmin ;ρ ) ρused= 0.0008974
Reinforcement area used As = ρuse * b * d As = 448.71795 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 16 mm

Reinforcement spacing required s = 1/4 * pi() * D * b / As
2
s = 448.08087 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 16 - 250
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 804.24772
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

Shringkage reinfoircement (50% As) As' = 224.35897 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 13 mm
Reinforcement spacing required s' = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As' s' = 591.60678 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 13 - 300
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 442.44097
….. OK!! (Asused > As req)

2.2 SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Maximum shear force Vu = 31175.549 N
Shear reduction factor φ = 0.65
tebal efektif, d = 500 mm
Ultimate shear capacity Vcmax = 0.5 * φ * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vcmax =
740222.73 N
….. OK, Dimension safe about shear
Shear capacity by concrete, Vc = 1/6 * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vc = 379601.4
Nominal shear capacity of conceret Vn = Vc * φ Vn = 246740.91
….. Vu < Vn, No need shear reinforce

3. CORBEL
Ultimate force
Vertical force Vu = 2.49E+06 N
Horizointal force Nuc = 2.02E+05 N
Ultimate flexure moment, Mu = 1.57E+08 Nmm

Concrete compression strength fc ' = 20.75 Mpa

Yiel strength od steel fy = 390 MPa
Width of corbel b = 10500.00 mm
Effective depth of corbel d = 775.00 mm
Reduction factor φ = 0.85

3.1. Shear Friction Theory

Maximum shear must be follow this formula:
Vu ≤ φ * (0.2*fc')*bw*d
Vu ≤ φ * (5.5)*bw*d
Vu = Maximum shear force (N)
fc' = Concrete compression strength (Mpa)
bw = Width of corbel (mm) φ * (0.2*fc')*bw*d = 28705031
d = Effective depth of corbel (mm) OK!! (Vu < φ * (0.2*fc')*bw*d)
φ * (5.5)*bw*d = 38042813
OK!! (Vu < φ * (5.5)*bw*d)
3.2. Corbel Reinforcement
3.2.1 "Shear Friction" reinforcment
Friction coefficient μ = 1.40
Concrete factor λ = 1.00
Reinforcement area required Avf = (Vu / φ)/(fy * μ) Avf = 5366.56 mm2

3.2.2 Tensile reinforcement

Reinforcement area required An = Nuc / (φ*fy) An = 610.12 mm2
3.2.3 Bending reinforcement
Reinforcement area required Af = Mu / ((φ*fy) * (0.85*d) Af = 720.94 mm2

3.3. Primary Tension Reinforcement

3.3.1. Primary reinforcement
Reinforce Reinforce
No Reinforcement area required
As (mm2) As (mm2)
1 As ≥ 2/3 * Avf + An As ≥ 4187.8 4190
2 As ≥ Af + An As ≥ 1331.1 1340
4190

3.3.2. Shear Reinforcement

Reinforce Reinforce
No Reinforcement area required
As (mm2) As (mm2)
1 Ah ≥ 1/3 * Avf As = 1788.9 1789

3.4. Check Minimum Reinforcement Area

Minimum reinforcement Reinforcement used
No. Remark
Required ρmin Ratio ρ
1 ρmin = 0.04 * fc' /fy 0.0021282051 ρ = As / (b * d) 0.0005149002 ρmin > ρ
2 Ah - min = 0.5 * (As - An) 2400.0599959 Ah 1789 Ah-min > Ah

3.5. Corbel Reinforcement Used

3.5.1. Primary reinforcement
Reinforcement ratio used ρused = 0.00213
Reinforcement area used As = ρused * b * d As = 17318.3 mm2
Reinforcement diameter used D = 16.0
Reinforcemenr spacing required s = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As s = 121.90307 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 16 - 120
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 17592.919
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

3.5.2. Shear reinforcement

Shear reinforcement area Ah = 2400 mm2
Number of layer x = 2 lapis
Number of leg n = 2 leg
Reinforcement diameter D = 13.0
Reinforcement spacing s =n * x * ( 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / Ah) s = 2322.757 mm
x n D s
2 2 D 13 - 500
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * x * b / s Aspakai = 11149.512
….. OK!! (As used > As req)
Lokasi tulangan geser, y = 2/3 * d y = 517 mm
Fig 7. Reinforcement Distribution at corbel

4. WING WALL
Summary of ultimate load at wing wall,
Vu Mux Muy
(kN) (kN.m) (kN)
1 Earth presssure (TA) 295.28 107.41 288.41
2 Static earth quake load (EQ) 47.39 47.39 127.25
3 Dynamic earth quake load (EQ) 162.75 101.98 273.82
505.42 256.79 689.470

Thickness of wing wall hw = 0.40 m

Length in X direction Hx = 2.00 m
Ultimate bending moment(My), Muy = 689.470 kN.m
Ultimate shear force Vu = 505.42 kN
Width of winf wall
b = 1 m
Ultimate moment (1 m width), Mu = Muy / Hx Mu = 344.73491 kN.m
Ultimate shear (1 m width), Vu = Vu / Hx Vu = 252.71113 kN

4.1.1. BENDING REINFORCEMENT

Ulttimate bending moment Mu = 344.735 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc ' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength of steel fy = 390 MPa
Thickness of wimg wall h = 0.40 m
Width of wing wall b = 1 m
Distance rebar ro concrete edge d' = 50 mm
Elastic modulus of steel Es = 200000
Stress distribution shape factor β1 = 0.85
ρb = b1* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0232974
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 5.4980533
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effecive width of wing wall b = 1000 mm
Effecive depth of wing wall d = 350 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 430.91864 kN.m
Resistant factor Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 3.5177032
Rn < Rmax ….. OK!
Reinforcement ratio required
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0101613
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin =25%* 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used ρused =Max[ρmin ;ρ ) ρused= 0.0101613
Reinforcement area used As = ρuse * b * d As = 3556.4572 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 25 mm

Reinforcement spacing required s = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As s = 138.02327 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 25 - 135
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 3636.1026
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

Shringkage reinfoircement (50% As) As' = 1778.2286 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 19 mm
Reinforcement spacing required s' = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As' s' = 159.44448 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 19 - 150
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 1890.1916
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

4.1.2 SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Maximum shear force Vu = 252.71113 N
Shear reduction factor φ = 0.65
tebal efektif, d = 350 mm
Ultimate shear capacity Vcmax = 0.5 * φ * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vcmax = 518155.91 N
….. OK, Dimension is safe about shear
Shear capacity by concrete, Vc = 1/6 * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vc = 265720.98
Nominal shear capacity of conceret Vn = Vc * φ Vn = 172718.64
….. Vu < Vn, No need shear reinforcement

Thickness of wing wall hw = 0.40 m

Length in X direction Hy = 5.37 m
Ultimate bending moment(My), Mux = 256.786 kN.m
Ultimate shear force Vu = 505.42 kN
Width of winf wall
b = 1 m
Ultimate moment (1 m width), Mu = Muy / Hx Mu = 47.818581 kN.m
Ultimate shear (1 m width), Vu = Vu / Hx Vu = 94.119602 kN

Fig 9. Wing Wall In Horizontal Direction

4.2.1. BENDING REINFORCEMENT
Ulttimate bending moment Mu = 47.818581 kN.m
Concrete compression strength fc ' = 20.75 Mpa
Yield strength of steel fy = 390 MPa
Thickness of wimg wall h = 0.40 m
Width of wing wall b = 1 m
Distance rebar ro concrete edge d' = 50 mm
Elastic modulus of steel Es = 200000
Stress distribution shape factor β1 = 0.85
ρb = b1* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0232974
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 5.4980533
Reduction factor φ = 0.8
Effecive width of wing wall b = 1000 mm
Effecive depth of wing wall d = 350 mm
Nominal bending moment Mn = Mu / φ Mn = 59.773226 kN.m
Resistant factor Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = 0.4879447
Rn < Rmax ….. OK!
Reinforcement ratio required
ρ = 0.85 * fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = 0.0012689
Minimum reinforcement ratio ρmin =25%* 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Reinforcement ratio used ρused =Max[ρmin ;ρ ) ρused= 0.0012689
Reinforcement area used As = ρuse * b * d As = 444.12998 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 19 mm

Reinforcement spacing required s = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As s = 638.39135 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 19 - 300
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 945.09579
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

Shringkage reinfoircement (50% As) As' = 222.06499 mm2

Reinforcement diameter used D = 16 mm
Reinforcement spacing required s' = 1/4 * pi() * D * b / As'
2
s' = 905.41931 mm
n D s
Reinforcement used 1 D 16 - 300
Aspakai = 1/4 * pi() * D2 * n * b / s Aspakai = 670.20643
….. OK!! (As used > As req)

4.2.2 SHEAR REINFORCEMENT

Maximum shear force Vu = 94.119602 N
Shear reduction factor φ = 0.65
tebal efektif, d = 350 mm
Ultimate shear capacity Vcmax = 0.5 * φ * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vcmax = 518155.91 N
….. OK, Dimension is safe about shear
Shear capacity by concrete, Vc = 1/6 * SQRT (fc') * b * d Vc = 265720.98
Nominal shear capacity of conceret Vn = Vc * φ Vn = 172718.64
….. Vu < Vn, No need shear reinforcement
5. REINFORCEMENT SKETCH

Gambar. Sket Penulangan Abutmen

MUY
(kN.m)
109.89

109.89
109.89
2650.06

β
Mu /(fc'.Ag.h)
0.0296170649
0.0329985983
0.0322705662
0.0296170649
0.0697926111
Value
%
%
%
200000

M (13°) ( kNm)

200000

M (13°) ( kNm)
s
300
s
250

s
300
Remark

ρmin > ρ
Ah-min > Ah

s
120

s
500
s
135

s
150
s
300

s
300
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
EAST NUSA TENGGARA CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: EAST NUSA TENGGARA DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : COMPOSITE STEEL GIRDGER CALCULATION

1. Step 1. Determining of bridge criteria base on importance category

Bridge criteria base on importance category is follow table below:

2. Penentuan Parameter Percepatan Gempa Terpetakan (As,Ss, S1)

Besarnya percepatan puncak di permukaan tanah ditentukan dengan mengalikan faktor amplifikasi percepat
dengan besar percepatan puncak di batuan dasar.
Parameter percepatan terpetakan yang harus ditentukan adalah Ss yaitu percepatan batuan
dasar pada periode pendek 0.2 detik dan S1 yaitu percepatan batuan dasar pada periode 1 detik.
Wilayah, Timor Leste
Percepatan puncak di batuan dasar, PGA = 0.3 g
Percepatan batuan dasar periode pendek 0.2 detik, Ss = 0.6 g
Percepatan batuan dasar periode 1 detik, S1 = 0.2 g

3. Penentuan Koefisien Situs (FPGA,Fa, Fv)

Koefisien percepatan puncak batuan dasar untuk FPGA, koefisien situs untuk periode pendek 0.2 detik Fa dan ko
untuk perioda 1 detik Fv

Koefisien percepatan puncak batuan dasar, FPGA = 1.2

Koefisien situs periode pendek 0.2 detik, Fa = 1.5
Koefisien situs periode 1 detik, Fv = 3.2

4. Percepatan Respon Spektra Teramplifikasi dan Percepatan Respon Sektra Desain

Respon spektra di permukaan tanah ditentukan dari 3 (tiga) nilai percepatan puncak yang mengacu pada peta gem
Indonesia 2010 (PGA, SS dan S1), serta nilai faktor amplifikasi Fa dan Fv. Perumusan respon spektra adalah se

As = FPGA x PGA
SDS = Fa x Ss
SD1 = Fv x S1

Percepatan puncak di permukaan tanah, As = 0.36

Percepatan respon spektra teramplifikasi untuk periode pendek 0.2 detik, SDS = 0.9
Percepatan respon spektra teramplifikasi untuk periode 1 detik, SD1 = 0.64

1) Antara T=0 detik dan T = T0

2) Antara T = T0 dan T = Ts
Sa = SDS

3) Untuk T > Ts

Parameter perioda, T0 = 0.1422222 s

Parameter perioda, Ts = 0.7111111 s
Parameter perioda, TL = 10 s
R e s p o n Spe k tra P e rc e pa ta n (g)

RESPON SPEKTRA DESAIN

TIMOR LESTE
0.900
0.850
0.800
0.750
0.700
R e s p o n Spe k tra P e rc e p
RESPON SPEKTRA DESAIN
TIMOR LESTE
0.900
0.850
0.800
0.750
0.700
0.650
0.600
0.550
0.500
0.450
0.400
0.350
0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000

10.000
0.000

0.500

1.000

1.500

2.000

2.500

3.000

3.500

4.000

4.500

5.000

5.500

6.000

6.500

7.000

7.500

8.000

8.500

9.000

9.500
Perioda (detik)

6. Penetuan Kategori Desain Seismik

Setiap jembatan harus ditetapkan dalam salah satu empat zona gempa berdasarkan spektra percepatan periode 1 d
Kategori tersebut menggambarkan variasi resiko seismik dan digunakan untuk penentuan metode analisis, panjang
tumpuan minimum, detail perencanaan kolom, dan prosedur desain fondasi dan kepala jembatan.

Kategori Desain Seismik, D

fikasi percepat
k 0.2 detik Fa dan koefisien situs

spon spektra adalah sebagai berikut :
percepatan periode 1 detik (SD1)
tode analisis, panjang
PROJECT : DESIGN OF OECCUSE BRIDGE ENGINEER : MRS
EAST NUSA TENGGARA CHECKER : HAS
LOKASI: EAST NUSA TENGGARA DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : COMPOSITE STEEL GIRDGER CALCULATION

1. Step 1. Determining of bridge criteria base on importance category

Bridge criteria base on importance category is follow table below:

2. Determining earth quake acceleration parameter (As,Ss, S1)

Earth quake acceleration parameter is detemined by multiplying the ampilfication factor (F PGA)
with peak ground acceleration value. FPGA is determined by following the table and map below:
Acceleration parameter that have to determine is Ss which is base ground acceleration
at short period (0.2 second) and S1 which is base ground acceleration at long period (1 second)
To determine the Ss and S1 is follow map below:
Territory Timor Leste
Base peak ground acceleration PGA = 0.6 g
Base ground acceleration at 0.2 second Ss = 1.5 g
Base ground acceleration at 1 second S1 = 0.6 g

3. Determining the Site Coefficient (FPGA,Fa, Fv)

Site coefficient is determined by follow the table below:
Peak ground acceleration coefficient FPGA = 1
Site coefficient at short period 0,2 second Fa = 1
Site coefficient at long period 1 second Fv = 1.3

4. Determining ampification spectral respon acceleration and design spectral respons acceleration

As = FPGA x PGA
SDS = Fa x Ss
SD1 = Fv x S1

Peak ground acceleration at surface As = 0.6

Amplification spectral respon acceleration at period 0,2 second SDS = 1.5
Amplification spectral respon acceleration at period 1 second SD1 = 0.78

5. Design spectral respon curve

T0 is determined by:

Ts is determined by:
1) If value of T is less than T0, then:

Sa = SDS

Peiod parameter T0 = 0.104 s

Peiod parameter Ts = 0.52 s
Peiod parameter TL = 10 s
R e s po n Spe k tra P e rc e pa ta n (g)

TIMOR LESTE
0.900
0.850
0.800
0.750
0.700
0.650
0.600
0.550
0.500
0.450
0.400
0.350
0.300
0.250
0.200
0.150
0.100
0.050
0.000
10.000
5.000
0.000

0.500

1.000

1.500

2.000

2.500

3.000

3.500

4.000

4.500

5.500

6.000

6.500

7.000

7.500

8.000

8.500

9.000

9.500

Perioda (detik)

Design seismic category is follow the table below:

Kategori Desain Seismik, D
PROYEK : PERENCANAAN JEMBATAN SETIA ASIH ENGINEER : RST
HARAPAN INDAH CHECKER : IRG
LOKASI: KABUPATEN BEKASI DATE : May 03,2018
SHEET : PERHITUNGAN PILE CAP DAN PONDASI ABUTMENT

1.1. DATA PONDASI TIANG BOR

Tipe pondasi Pondasi Tiang Pancang
Diameter, D = 0.3 m
Kedalam tiang dari dasar pile cap, L = 12 m
Jarak terkecil pusat tiang ke sisi luar pile cap, a = 0.9 m
Luas Penampang Tiang, Ap = 1/4 * pi() * D2 Ap = 0.0706858 m2
Keliling penampang tiang, p = pi()* D p = 0.9424778 m
Luas Selimut Tiang, As= p * L As = 11.309734 m2

1.2. DATA SUSUNAN TIANG

Jumlah baris tiang arah x, Nx = 3 buah
Jumlah baris tiang arah y, Ny = 8 buah
Jarak tiang arah x, x = 2.4 m
jarak tiang arah y, y = 2.37 m

1.3. BAHAN DAN MATERIAL PONDASI

Mutu beton, K - 300
Kuat tekan beton, fc' = 0.83* K /10 fc' = 24.9 Mpa
Mutu baja tulangan, U - 39
Tegangan leleh baja, fy = 390 MPa
Berat beton bertulang, Wc = 25 kN/m3
Modulus elastis beton,
E = 4700* √ fc' atau E = Wc^1.5 * (0.043* √ fc' ) E = 26821.196 Mpa

1.4. DIMENSI PILE CAP

Lebar arah X, Bx = 6.4 m
Lebar arah Y, By = 19 m
panjang depan, L1 = b7 L1 = 2.4 m
Panjang belakang, L2 = b8 L2 = 3.1 m
Tebal, hp = h10 hp = 0.8 m
Tebal, ht = h10 + h7 ht = 1 m

1.5. DATA TANAH

5.1. Data Tanah Uji SPT
Kedalaman Nilai SPT NSPT Koreksi Depth qc qf
No L1 * NSPT - COR
No L1 * NSPT
Z1 (m) Z2 (m) NSPT NSPT - COR L1 (m)
- COR
kg/cm2 kg/cm2
1 0 1.5 1 1 1.5 1.5 7.2727 0.455
2 1.5 3 1 1 1.5 1.5 10 0.545
3 3 4.5 0 0 1.5 0 26.818 0.818
4 4.5 6 0 0 1.5 0 29.545 1.045
5 6 7.5 0 0 1.5 0 33.636 1.545
6 7.5 9 6 6 1.5 9 61.818 2.455
7 9 10.5 10 10 1.5 15 55.455 2.545
8 10.5 12 12 12 1.5 18 115 2.9
9 12 13.5 9 9 1.5 13.5
10 13.5 15 15 15 1.5 22.5
11 15 16.5 35 25 1.5 37.5
12 16.5 18 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
13 18 19.5 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
14 19.5 21 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
15 21 22.5 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
16 22.5 24 25 20 1.5 30
17 24 25.5 48 31.5 1.5 47.25
18 25.5 27 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
19 27 28.5 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
20 28.5 30 50 32.5 1.5 48.75
21 30 31.5 50 32.5 1.5 48.75

S = 31.5 585.75

Kedalaman Cu g φ
No Jenis Lapisan Tanah
Z1 (m) Z2 (m) (kN/m2) (kN/m3) (…...°)
1 0 1.5 Lanau Lempung sangat lunak 6.00 16.00
2 1.5 3 Lanau Lempung sangat lunak 6.00 16.00
3 3 4.5 Lanau Lempung sangat lunak 0.00 16.00
4 4.5 6 Lanau Lempung sangat lunak 0.00 17.00
5 6 7.5 Lanau Lempung sangat lunak 0.00 17.00
6 7.5 9 Lanau Lempung Teguh 36.00 17.00
7 9 10.5 Lanau Lempung Teguh 60.00 17.00
8 10.5 12 Lanau Lempung Teguh 72.00 20.00
9 12 13.5 Lanau Lempung Teguh 54.00 20.00
10 13.5 15 Lanau Lempung Teguh 90.00 20.00
11 15 16.5 Pasir 0.00 20.00
12 16.5 18 Pasir 0.00 20.00
13 18 19.5 Pasir 0.00 20.00
14 19.5 21 Pasir 0.00 20.00
15 21 22.5 Pasir 0.00 20.00
16 22.5 24 Lanau Lempung Teguh 150.00 20.00
17 24 25.5 Lanau Lempung Teguh 0.00 0.00
18 25.5 27 Pasir 0.00 0.00
19 27 28.5 Pasir 0.00 0.00
20 28.5 30 Pasir 0.00 0.00
21 30 31.5 Pasir 0.00 0.00

2. PERHITUNGAN DAYA DUKUNG IJIN TIANG BOR - AXIAL TEKAN

Dari Laporan hasil perhitungan daya dukung tiang di peroleh daya dukung taiang sebagai berikut:
Kapasitas Axial tekan satu buah bor pile, Qa = 185 Ton

1 n2 P 2
1
= 1+
η2 P 2
B
n2 P
1 12
2
= 1+
η P
B2

Kapasitas ultimit tiang tunggal P1 = 1850 kN

Unit tahanan ujung ultimate qp = 3250 kN/m2
Luas pile cap Ap = 121.6 m2
Keliling pile cap Cp = 50.8 m
Unit tahanan friksi ultimate fi = 89.94 kN/m2
Kapasitas ultimitkelompok tiang PB = 450027.42 kN
Jumlah tiang n = 24 buah
Efisiensi tiang, h= 0.9952
Kapasitas ijin kelompok tiang adalah, Pijin = 1841.0613 kN

2.3. PERHITUNGAN DAYA DUKUNG IJIN TIANG BOR - AXIAL TARIK

Kapasitas tarik pondasi bor dapat dinyatakan:
�_𝒂=�_𝒖𝒍𝒕/𝑺𝑭+ 𝑾_�

Ta = Kapasitas total tarik (ton)

Tult =Kapasitas tarik pondasi (ton)
Wb = Berat pondasi (ton)
Safety faktor yang direkomendasikan, SF = 3

Dari beberapa literatur dan Rahardjo (1992) mendapatkan bahwa gesekan ultimit pada saat tarik lebih rendah d
ultimit tiang dalam keadaan tekan, umumnya berkisar 40 - 70%.
Db A dan As L Leff. Wb Qs Tult. Ta
(m) Ab (m2) As (m) (m) (m) (ton) (ton) (ton) (ton)
0.3 0.071 11.31 12 7 2.120575 531.28 371.896 126.08591
120

2.4. KAPASITAS IJIN KELOMPOK TIANG - AXIAL TARIK

_�=�_𝒖𝒏𝑮/�_
𝒖𝒏 �_𝒖𝒏𝑮= �_𝒖𝒈𝑮 − (𝒏𝟏 𝒙 𝒏𝟐)∗ 𝑾_𝒑 − 𝑾_𝒄𝒂𝒑

Kapasitas ultimit tarik 1 tiang, Tult-net = 371.896 ton

Luas pile cap Ap = 121.6 m2
Keliling pile cap Cp = 50.8 m
Berat efektif pile cap, WCp = 274.55 ton
Berat efektif tiang, Wp = 2.12 ton
Jumlah tiang n = 24 buah
Nilai Gesekan kumulatif selimut, Sfs.h = 211.365 t/m
Kapasitas ultimit tarik grup pile, QsG = 10737.342 ton
Kapasitas tarik gross ultimate kelompok tiang, TugG = 7516.1394 ton
Kapasitas tarik net ultimate kelompok tiang, TunG = 7190.6956 ton
Kapasitas tarik net ultimate tiang tunggal, Tun = 8925.504 ton
Efisiensi kelompok tiang untuk beban tarik, hT = 0.8056
Kapasitas ijin tarik kelompok tiang adalah, Pijin = 96.676162 kN

3. PERHITUNGAN DAYA DUKUNG LATERAL TIANG BOR

Dari laporan perhitungan kapasitas lateral tiang didapat nilai sebagai berikut:
a. Tanpa Gempa
Defleksi yang diizinkan, defl = 0.0254 m
Gaya Geser Maksimum Vu = 295 kN
Faktor Keamanan SF = 1
Kapasitas lateral tiang Hu = 295 kN
Momen Ultimit Mu = 956 kNm

3.3. EFISIENSI GAYA LATERAL KELOMPOK TIANG

Menurut AASHTHO LRFD, Besarnya efisiensi gaya lateral dari kelompok tiang bergantung pada jarak
antar tiang sesuai tabel berikut:
Table for Pile P-Multipliers, P m, for Multiplr Row Shading (average from Hannigan et al.,2005)

Pile CTC spacing P-Multiplier, Pm

(in the direction Row 3 and
3B 0.7 0.5 0.35
5B 1 0.85 0.7

Diameter tiang, D = 0.3 m

Jumlah baris tiang arah x, Nx = 3 buah
Jumlah baris tiang arah y, Ny = 8 buah
Jarak tiang arah x, x = 2.40 m = 8.00 D
jarak tiang arah y, y = 2.37 m = 7.90 D

Pile CTC spacing P-Multiplier, Pm

(in the direction Row 3 and ARAH
8.00 D 0.7 0.5 0.35 X
7.90 D 0.75 0.5 0.35 Y
Efisiensi rata2 untuk pembenanan lateral arah X Ƞx = 0.5166667
Efisiensi rata2 untuk pembenanan lateral arah Y Ƞy = 0.41875

4. REAKSI PERLETAKAN DARI STRUKTUR ATAS

P TX TY MX MY
No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN.m) (kN.m)
1 Kombinasi 1 15484.99 2722.68 2678.53
2 Kombinasi 2 15505.65 2762.23 43.51 2317.46 294.75
3 Kombinasi 3 15505.65 3307.68 43.51 27.97 294.75
4 Kombinasi 4 15505.65 3326.90 43.51 129.83 294.75
5 Kombinasi 5 14561.35 2891.39 746.07 2112.28 2864.88
5. KONFIGURASI TIANG PANCANG
Lebar arah X, Bx = 6.4 m
Lebar arah Y, By = 19 m
panjang depan, L1 = 2.4 m
Panjang belakang, L2 = 3.1 m
Tebal, hp = 0.8 m
Tebal, ht = 1 m
Jarak terkecil pusat tiang ke sisi luar pile cap, a = 0.9 m

Jumlah baris tiang arah x, Nx = 3 buah

Jumlah baris tiang arah y, Ny = 8 buah
Jarak tiang arah x, x = 2.4 m
jarak tiang arah y, y = 2.37 m
Jumlah total pondasi, Np = 24 buah

No Xmax = 2.4 m Ymax = 7.9 m

1 X1 2.4 X12 92.16 Y1 7.9 Y12 374.46
4 X4 Tidak ada X4 2
Tidak ada Y4 0.79 Y42 3.7446
7 X7 Tidak ada X7 2
SX2 = 92.16 SY2 = 621.6036

6. GAYA YANG DITERIMA OLEH SATU BUAH PONDASI

6.1. Gaya Aksial Tinjauan Arah X
Gaya aksial maksimum dan minimum yang
Pmax = P/n + Mx * Xmax / SX2
Pmax = P/n - Mx * Xmax / SX2

P Mx P/n Mx*Xmax/SX2 Pmax Pmin

No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 15484.99 2678.53 645.20777 69.75333 714.9611 575.45444
2 Kombinasi 2 15505.65 2317.4643 646.06877 60.350632 706.4194 585.71813
3 Kombinasi 3 15505.65 27.972777 646.06877 0.7284577 646.79722 645.34031
4 Kombinasi 4 15505.65 129.83215 646.06877 3.3810456 649.44981 642.68772
5 Kombinasi 5 14561.355 2112.2819 606.72312 55.007342 661.73046 551.71578

6.2. Gaya Aksial Tinjauan Arah Y

Gaya aksial maksimum dan minimum yang
Pmax = P/n + My * ymax / Sy2
Pmax = P/n - My * ymax / Sy2

P My P/n My*Ymax/SY2 Pmax Pmin

No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 15484.99 645.20777 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 Kombinasi 2 15505.65 294.74855 646.06877 3.7459782 649.81474 642.32279
3 Kombinasi 3 15505.65 294.74855 646.06877 3.7459782 649.81474 642.32279
4 Kombinasi 4 15505.65 294.74855 646.06877 3.7459782 649.81474 642.32279
5 Kombinasi 5 14561.355 2864.8787 606.72312 36.409927 643.13305 570.3132

6.3. Gaya Lateral Pondasi

Gaya lateral yang diderita oleh 1 pondasi adalah,
h = T/n
Tx Ty hx hy hmax
No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 2722.68 113.44517 #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 Kombinasi 2 2762.231 43.507406 115.09296 1.8128086 115.09296
3 Kombinasi 3 3307.6815 43.507406 137.82006 1.8128086 137.82006
4 Kombinasi 4 3326.9002 43.507406 138.62084 1.8128086 138.62084
5 Kombinasi 5 2891.39 746.07415 120.47453 31.086423 120.47453
7. KONTROL DAYA DUKUNG IJIN TIANG BOR
7.1. DAYA DUKUNG IJIN AKSIAL
No Kombinasi Beban Ket.
Pijin (kN) Daya Dukung Ijin (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 100% 714.9611 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
2 Kombinasi 2 100% 706.4194 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
3 Kombinasi 3 100% 646.79722 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
4 Kombinasi 4 100% 649.44981 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
5 Kombinasi 5 150% 661.73046 < 150% * Pijin = 2761.592 OK!!

No Kombinasi Beban Ket.
Pijin (kN) Daya Dukung Ijin (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 100% #VALUE! < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 #VALUE!
2 Kombinasi 2 100% 649.81474 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
3 Kombinasi 3 100% 649.81474 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
4 Kombinasi 4 100% 649.81474 < 100% * Pijin = 1841.0613 OK!!
5 Kombinasi 5 150% 643.13305 < 150% * Pijin = 2761.592 OK!!

7.2. DAYA DUKUNG IJIN HORIZONTAL

No Kombinasi Beban Ket.
Hijin (kN) Daya Dukung Ijin (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 100% 113.44517 < 100% * Pijin = 152.41667 OK!!
2 Kombinasi 2 100% 115.09296 < 100% * Pijin = 152.41667 OK!!
3 Kombinasi 3 100% 137.82006 < 100% * Pijin = 152.41667 OK!!
4 Kombinasi 4 100% 138.62084 < 100% * Pijin = 152.41667 OK!!
5 Kombinasi 5 100% 120.47453 < 100% * Pijin = 152.41667 OK!!

No Kombinasi Beban Ket.
Hijin (kN) Daya Dukung Ijin (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 100% #VALUE! < 100% * Pijin = 123.53125 #VALUE!
2 Kombinasi 2 100% 1.8128086 < 100% * Pijin = 123.53125 OK!!
3 Kombinasi 3 100% 1.8128086 < 100% * Pijin = 123.53125 OK!!
4 Kombinasi 4 100% 1.8128086 < 100% * Pijin = 123.53125 OK!!
5 Kombinasi 5 100% 31.086423 < 100% * Pijin = 123.53125 OK!!

8. PEMBESIAN BORE PILE

8.1. TULANGAN LONGITUDINAL TEKAN LENTUR
Momen maksimum pondasi, Mu = 965.00 kN.m
Gaya aksial pondasi, Pu = 1841.0613 kN
Tulangan longitudinal tiang bor dianalisa dengan sPColumn,
Penampang bored Pile,
###
###
Gambar. Penampang Bored Pile

Diameter bored pile, D = 300 mm

Luas bored pile, Ag = 70685.835 mm
Diameter tulangan pakai, DTul = 32 mm
Jumlah tulangan yang dipakai, nt = 22 buah
Rasio tulangan, ρ = 3.52 %

22 D 32

P ( kN)
12000
(P max)

fs=0

fs=0.5fy

0 1600

Mx ( kNm)

(P min)

-8000 Gambar. Diagram Interaksi P-M

###
###
8.2. TULANGAN GESER
Perhitungan geser Bore Pile didasarkan atas momen dan gaya aksial untuk kombinasi beban yang menentukan dala
perhitungan tulangan aksial tekan dan lentur.

Panjang Bor Pile, L = 12000 mm

Diameter Bor Pile, D = 300 mm
Luas Tulangan Longitudinal Bor Pile, As = 17693.45 mm2
Kuat tekan beton, fc ' = 24.9 Mpa
Tegangan leleh baja, fy = 390 Mpa
Gaya aksial ultimit, Pu = 1841061.3 N
Momen ultimit, Mu = 965000000 N.mm
Gaya lateral ijin, Hijin = 295000 N
Faktor reduksi kekuatan geser, φ = 0.7
Gaya geser ultimit akibat momen, Vu = Mu / L Vu = 80416.667 N
Gaya geser ultimit akibat gaya lateral, Vu = Hijin / 0.85 Vu = 347058.82 N
Diambil gaya geser ultimit rencana, Vu = 347058.82 N
Jarak tul. Thd. sisi luar beton, d' = 75 mm
Luas penampang tiang bor, Ag = 70685.835 mm2
Tebal ekivalen penampang, h = SQRT (Ag) h = 265.86808 mm
Lebar ekivalen penampang, b = h b = 265.86808 mm
Tebal efektif, d = h - d' d = 190.86808 mm
Vc = 0.17* ((1+(Pu / (14*Ag)))*SQRT (fc')* b * d
Tahanan geser oleh beton Vc = 123133.39 N
Gaya geser nominal Vn = Vc * φ Vn = 86193.372 N
Vu > Vn ….. Perlu tulangan geser
Gaya geser yang di tahan tulangan Vs = ABS ( Vu - Vn )/φ Vs= 372664.93 N
Luas tulangan geser oleh tulangan per jarak s Av/s = Vs/ (fy * d) Av/s= 5.0063432 mm2/mm
Luas tulangan geser minimum Av/smin
= 0.062 * sqrt (fc') * b / fy Av/s min= 0.210908 mm2/mm
Luas Tulangan Geser Yang Digunakan Av/s = 5.0063432 mm2/mm
n D s
Tulangan geser yang dipakai 2 D 13 - 200
Luas Tulangan geser Av/s = 1/4*pi()*D2*n / s Av/s = 1.3273229
NG!

9. PEMBESIAN PILE CAP

9.1. Gaya Aksial Tinjauan Arah X
Gaya aksial maksimum dan minimum yang
Pmax = Pu/n + Mux * Xmax / SX2
Pmax = Pu/n - Mux * Xmax / SX2

Pu Mux P/n Mux*Xmax/SX2 Pmax Pmin

No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 20587.60 -2714.19 857.81674 -70.68202707 787.13471 928.49876
2 kombinasi 2 20801.654 -221.2708 866.73558 -5.762259364 860.97332 872.49784
3 kombinasi 3 20587.602 -490.984 857.81674 -12.7860426 845.0307 870.60278
4 kombinasi 4 20826.451 -2549.623 867.76878 -66.39642755 801.37236 934.16521
5 kombinasi 5 19139.117 6840.0205 797.46323 178.12553415 975.58876 619.33769
9.2. Gaya Aksial Tinjauan Arah Y
Gaya aksial maksimum dan minimum yang
Pmax = P/n + My * ymax / Sy2
Pmax = P/n 2 My * ymax / Sy2

Pu Muy P/n Muy*Ymax/SY2 Pmax Pmin

No Kombinasi Beban
(kN) (kN.m) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)
1 Kombinasi 1 20587.60 353.70 857.81674 4.4951738838 862.31191 853.32156
2 kombinasi 2 20801.654 866.73558 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 kombinasi 3 20587.602 353.69826 857.81674 4.4951738838 862.31191 853.32156
4 kombinasi 4 20826.451 353.69826 867.76878 4.4951738838 872.26396 863.27361
5 kombinasi 5 19139.117 2864.8787 797.46323 36.409926994 833.87315 761.0533

Lebar arah X, Bx = 6.4 m

Lebar arah Y, By = 19 m
panjang depan, L1 = 2.4 m
Panjang belakang, L2 = 3.1 m
Lebar breast wall, B4 = 0.9 m
Tebal, hp = 0.8 m
Tebal, ht = 1 m
Gaya ultimit tiang bor, PULT = #VALUE! kN
Berat beton, Wc = 25.50 kN/m3

9.3. MOMEN DAN GESER AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI,

Dimensi
Volume Berat Lengan Momen
No b h L
Shape
(m) (m) (m) (m3) (kN) (m) (kN.m)
1 3.1 0.8 19 1 47.12 1201.56 1.55 1862.42
2 3.1 0.2 19 0.5 5.89 150.20 1.03 155.20
Ws = 1351.76 Ms = 2017.62

Faktor beban ultimit, KMS = 1.30

Momen ultimit akibat berat pile cap, MMS = 2622.91 kN.m
Gaya geser ultimit akibat berat pile cap, VMS = 1757.2815 kN
Tebal Breast wall B4 = 0.9 m

9.4. MOMEN AKIBAT PONDASI

Jumlah baris tiang arah x, Nx = 3 buah
Jumlah baris tiang arah y, Ny = 8 buah
Jarak tiang arah x, x = 2.4 m
jarak tiang arah y, y = 2.37 m
Jarak pusat tiang ke sisi luar pile cap, a = 0.9 m

Jarak tiang Lengan Terhap Sisi Luar Dinding Momen

No
Xi (m) Xpi (m) M = ny * PULT * Xpi
1 x = 2.4 Xp1 = L2- a 2.2 #VALUE!
#VALUE!

Momen maksimum pada pile cap akibat pondasi, Mp = #VALUE! kN.m

Momen Ultimit rencana pile cap, MULT = Mp - MMS MULT = #VALUE! kN.m
Lebar pile cap, By = 19.00 m
Momen Ultimit rencana pile cap @1m, MU = MULT / By MU = #VALUE! kN.m

Gaya geser maksimum pada pile cap, VULT = ny * PULT - VMS VULT = #VALUE! kN
Lebar pile cap, By = 19.00 m
Momen Ultimit rencana pile cap @1m, VU = VULT / By VU = #VALUE! kN
B4

2
Xw2
O

ht
Xw1

Xp1

a X a
Bx
PULT
Gambar. Komponen Pilecap

9.5. TULANGAN LENTUR

Momen rencana ultimit, Mu = #VALUE! kN.m
Mutu beton, K- 300 fc ' = 24.9 Mpa
Mutu baja, fy = 390 MPa
Tebal back wall bawah, h = ht h = 1.00 m
Lebar yang ditinjau, b = 1 m
Jarak Tulangan terhadap sisi luar beton, d' = 100 mm
Modulus elastis baja, Es = 200000
Faktor bentuk distribusi tegangan beton, β1 = 0.85
ρb = b1* 0.85 * fc' /fy * 600 / (600 + fy) ρb = 0.0279569
Rmax = 0.75 * ρb * fy * [(1-0.5*0.75 * ρb * fy / (0.85 * fc')] Rmax = 6.597664
Faktor reduksi kekuatan lentur, φ = 0.8
Lebar efektif back wall , b = 1000 mm
Tebal efektif back wall , d = 900 mm
Momen nominal rencana, Mn = Mu / φ Mn = #VALUE! kN.m
Faktor tahanan momen, Rn = Mn * 106 / (b * d2) Rn = #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
ρ =yang
Rasio tulangan 0.85diperlukan,
* fc' / fy * [1 - √(1 - 2 * Rn / (0.85 * fc')] ρ = #VALUE!
Rasio tulangan minimum, ρmin =25%* 1.4 / fy ρmin = 0.0008974
Rasio tulangan yang digunakan, ρused =Max[ρmin ;ρ ) ρused= #VALUE!
Luas tulangan yang diperlukan, As = ρuse * b * d As = #VALUE! mm2

Diameter tulangan yang digunakan, D = 25 mm

Jumlah tulangan dalam 1 m, N1 = #VALUE!
Luas tulangan terpasang, As = #VALUE! mm2
#VALUE!
Jumlah Lapis, NLPS= 2 lapis
Jarak tulangan yang diperlukan, s = NLPS * 1/4 * pi() * D2 * b / As s = #VALUE! mm
Tulangan pakai dalam bentuk jarak,