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Jurnal ADHUM Vol.

VII No 2, Juli 2017 109

USING ORIGINAL FILM SERIES “DORA THE EXPLORER” TO INCREASE


VOCABULARY MASTERY FOR THE FIFTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SDN
LANGKAI 1 PALANGKA RAYA

Oleh
Ilham*)

ABSTRACT

This Study is aimed in describing the implementation of using original film series Dora the
explorer in Teaching English Vocabulary. It was describing the students’ improvement.
The Study was implemented at SDN Langkai I Palangka Raya at the fifth grade students using
Classroom Action Research. The writer took 20 students as the subject of the research. The
researcher acted as the observer. The study consist of one cycle with two meetings. To find
the results, the researcher got the information from the student’s answers in the form pre-test
and post-test.
The result of this study were, first, teaching English vocabulary by using original film series
Dora the Explorer could help the teacher to make the class lively were interesting for the
students to study and understand the material. Second, the students’ scores higher than 65 at
the pre-test. After the implementation of Dora the Exploer film series technique cycle I, there
was an increasing of students’ score at the post-test. It showed that the using of that technique
was effective. Based on the analysis of the questionnaires, most of the students said that they
were like this technique. They do not feel bored, but more enthusiastic to follow the teaching-
learning process.
110 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

I. INTRODUCTION local content subject (muatan lokal), the


1.1. Background of the Study effect is also that the young learner will be
English language is important for us, prepared to learn English at the higher
not only for foreign people but also level of education.
Indonesian people. English is one of the In English teaching and learning, there
important languages for learning, and are four skills. Those skills are listening,
becomes an international language that is speaking, reading, and writing. There are
used for communication all. We can make the important aspects of the skills above.
a good relationship if we master English They are structure, vocabulary and
language and it will always be used for pronunciation. Vocabulary is the base in
education, business, and social activity. the teaching and learning process of
According to McCrum (in Erlina, 2010:1) English. It is used to express the four skills
it is stated that the English language has and to support students in learning English.
now entered a new phases not merely as an Meaning that having many vocabulary is
international tongue, as Spanish or French needed because without many vocabulary
are, but as a world language. Similarly, students cannot speak English well.
Llamzon (in Erlina, 2010:1) states that Sometimes students feel the
English is used as means of atmosphere in the class is too boring. The
communication in international, socio- atmosphere of classroom is an important
political and scientific contacts and factor in creating a good situation to make
commerce. That is why mastering English an effective class. One of the easy way to
is important thing for us. make students do not feel bored is by using
Studying English as a foreign media to teaching learning English for
language is not easy for most Indonesia young learner. According to Hamalik (in
student because Indonesian and English are Yuliana 2006:3) “Media is a
totally different in terms of vocabulary, communication tool to streamline the
grammar, pronunciation, etc. Many people learning process”.
do not take care for this situation. They Many children are very happy and
always have opinion that English language quickly to memorize something served
is foreign language and it is not their native through audio visual, such as by more
language. Teaching English from favorite film series. It will be more
elementary school is important to give interesting for students and the teacher to
them the intensive course knowledge about create the situation to be more fun.
English. While experts said that the According to Kasihani (2008:1)
acquisition of second or foreign language Children like to imitate something, like
is effective since the earlier life. moving, always curious and imaginative
Elementary school students are ready to and also active. They love learning through
learn other language beside their first games, songs, stories, imitating and with
language (Scott and Ytrenbeng in Yuliana something (Learning by Doing ).
2006:1). Based on the statement above, Several reason why the writer choose
English teaching and learning can be given original film series “Dora the explorer” to
as the local content at the elementary level this study. Firstly, because that series so
starting from grade IV. fun and the students is interesting about the
In SDN Langkai I, English is taught material English vocabulary. Secondly, the
from grade I to VI. English is only for writer is implementing what they have
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 111

been learned about CAR theory while fifth grade students of SDN Langkai 1
studied. Palangka Raya.
CAR is a way for the teacher to
discover what works best in their own 1.4. Assumptions
The use of media can increase the
classroom situation. Methods of
conducting classroom action research vocabulary mastery for the fifth grade
students of SDN 1 Langkai Palangka Raya.
projects are diverse, and easily mastered.
CAR will help us to discover what works 1.5. Delimitation of the Study
best in our classroom situation. Classroom In this study, the writer delimits his
action research can be started from study only on the implementation of film
anywhere of the four phases namely: series “Dora the Explorer” for the fifth
planning (planning), action (action), grade students of SDN 1 Langkai Palangka
observing (observation), and reflecting Raya.
(reflection). There are some Characteristics
of Classroom Action Research, the writer 1.6. Limitation of the Study
will collaborative effort between school The result of this study cannot be
teachers and teacher educators. generalized to other teaching learning since
this study focuses on the procedures of
1.2. Problem of the Study using film series “Dora the Explorer” for
Based on the background of the study the fifth grade students of SDN 1 Langkai
above, the writer would like to state the Palangka Raya to increase the students’
problem as follows: vocabulary.
1. How can original film series “Dora the
Explorer” increase vocabulary mastery 1.7. Significance of the Study
for the fifth grade students of SDN This study is expected to find
Langkai 1 Palangka Raya? significance either theoretically and
2. How does teacher implement the CAR
practically. In terms of theory it could be
(Classroom Action Research) in
teaching-learning activities using reference of materials for teaching English
original film series “Dora the for the fifth grade elementary school.
Explorer” as the media to increase the While practically, for the teacher can use
vocabulary mastery for the fifth grade film series to help students increase
students of SDN Langkai 1 Palangka vocabulary items in English. For the
Raya? students can make the film series as a
source of learning English. For the other
1.3. Objective of the Study
researcher, could be a consideration for the
The objective of the study is to
use of research using the film series.
increase vocabulary mastery for the fifth
grade students of SDN 1 Langkai after they 1.8. Clarification of Key Term
are taught by using original film series and The clarification of key term that the
find out how the teacher implement CAR determine. The real concept of the study:
(Classroom Action Research) ) in teaching- 1. Teaching : According to Hornby
learning activities using original film series (2000), teaching is the
“Dora the Explorer” as the media to work of teacher means to
increase the vocabulary mastery for the give somebody
information about
112 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

particular subject and I. REVIEW OF RELATED


helping somebody to learn LITERATURE
something. Teaching in In this chapter, the writer would like to
this study means the discuss the review of related literature
activity of teacher to teach which support this study
using film series “Dora the
2.1. Vocabulary
Explorer” for the fifth Vocabulary means a list of world
grade students of SDN 1 usually arranged in alphabetical order and
Langkai Palangka Raya. defined. Someone's vocabulary is all the
2. Vocabulary: Vocabulary is a group of words that he or she knows. In the Oxford
word in a language. Learner Pocket Dictionary, vocabulary
Vocabulary consist of all means a total number of words in language
the words that use in or also list of words and it is meaning.
communicating and There are four classes of word in
vocabulary is the total vocabulary most commonly that known by
number of word in the students, they are Noun, verb,
language (Djiwandono, adjective, adverb. (oxforddictionaries,
1996:42). Vocabulary for 2010). In this study focus on noun.
elementary school is
covered four skills, those 2.1.1 Noun
skills are listening, A noun is a kind of word that is
speaking, reading, and usually the name of a person, place, thing,
writing. Vocabulary in this quality, or idea.
study discus about Examples :
vocabulary masterfy for • Dog
the fifth grade students • Cat
using film series consisting • Goat
of name things and name
of animals. 2.2. Teaching English for Young
3. Film Series : A film series is a Learner
Elementary grade defined as a young
collection of related films
learner, it is about 6 – 12 years old.
in succession. film series
Teaching English to young learners is not
could be called together
the same as teaching English to adults or
with the short film,
even teenagers. It needs creativity and hard
because its duration of
work to make the class fun and interesting.
about 30-45 minutes /
Children like to play. They want to know
episode (filmalternatif,
something new, teacher cannot force them
2010) Film series for
like we want. Let them express their self
children is kind of fun,
but still teacher is a leader in the class to
entertaining and educating.
motivate them. These unique characters
Film series for this study is
have a positive effect of the patterns and
one of favorites film series
the way of English Teaching in elementary
for the kids, Dora the
school. The pattern and strategy of
Explorer.
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 113

teaching this group of young learner are 2.3. Teaching Vocabulary


different from adult learner. Teaching vocabulary is very useful for
According to Pannen (2001:4) Adult the students to enrich their vocabulary.
education is different from education for Vocabulary is basically gained through
children. children's education will take activities in the class. The teacher must
place in the form of assimilation, consistently enrich their students’
identification and imitation. children's vocabulary, so they can get much
education is the foundation of knowledge, vocabulary and know the meaning of the
the formation of mental and moral words in sentences correctly.
attitudes and civic education. whereas The teachers also need to think of
adult education to focus more on ways of making the experience of learning
improving their lives, providing the skills vocabulary more memorable of the
and ability to solve problems they information that they teach. There are
experienced in their lives and in society. many things the teacher can explore and
That means that lecturing improve the learning process more
techniques is unsuitable for teaching of memorable for our students. One of the
English to elementary school students. technique to increase vocabulary items is
Teachers are expected to develop ways to by using original film series “Dora The
teach by himself how or techniques Explorer” because it is so fun and
according to needs, circumstances, and entertaining for children and that series is
conditions at a school. one of favorite cartoon series.
There are various concepts of teaching In SDN Langkai 1, English is taught
English to young Learners offered by from grade I to VI. Basically, vocabulary is
experts among other as follows: taught to introduce the students to the
1. Acting Out: According to Karani name of a word in English and its meaning.
(2005): elementary students are active The most important vocabulary needed by
learners; they like to move and talk. the elementary school are noun and verb.
With this view in mind, teaching Teaching nouns is needed because it tells
conversation may be more interesting
the name of things. Teaching verbs is
by role play, singing, chatting, etc,
rather than just sitting and memorizing needed for beginners because it tells what
2. Language games. According to somebody is doing or what is happening.
Suyanto (2004): Basically young
learner like to play very much. That is 2.4. The Teaching Media
why the teaching and learning process There are many things the teacher can
will be more meaningful if they are do to make the learning process more
actively involved in the process of memorable and interesting. One way the
learning. The activities may be teacher can use media to make it
conducted by playing, such as
interesting. Brinton in Thao (in Yuliana
guessing, puzzle, hide and seek.
3. Simple story: This group of young 2006:13) stated that media serve as an
learner has an imagination. Learning important motivator in the language
English will be more interesting by teaching process because “media can lend
story telling. authenticity to the classroom situation,
reinforcing for students the direct relation
between the language classroom and the
114 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

outside world”. Media has two types, visual presentations for examples Movies,
Visual and Audio. film series, drama, theater.
Teaching media means a tool that is
Based on the type Multimedia elements
used in teaching to increase student
of sensory
learning motivation. It has function of
1. Audio Sounds
attention, communication and retention
2. Visual Text
(Suyanto, 2000). There are various media
Static picture
for English teaching suitable and
Animation motion
interesting for elementary school students,
picture
such as circular cards, flash cards, magic
Video motion picture
box, labels, wall chart, pictures, television,
puppet, etc. In this study original film
Visual Media series on television “Dora the Explorer” is
Visual media is inside of media that used as a media to increase vocabulary
there is an image, moving image and can item for the fifth grade students of SDN
be viewed, and provides an information Langkai 1 Palangka Raya because it is one
(gudangmateri, 2010), for examples: favorite film cartoon series for children
photographs, books, magazines, with many vocabulary suitable for
newspaper, pictures. children.

2.4.2 Audio Media 2.5 Film Series


Audio formats, may refer to analog A film series is a collection of related
tape cassettes, digital CD, radio, mp3. films in succession. Film series could be
Contrast with video media and giving called together with the short film, because
information. (pcmag, 2010). It means that its duration of about 30-45 minutes /
audio media giving us information just episode (filmalternatif, 2010) but in most
give sound without a picture or moving cases the success of the original film
pictures. The Audio files format category inspires further films to be made for
includes compressed and uncompressed examples: Dora the Explorer, Kamen Rider
audio formats, which contain waveform Movie War Taisen, Harry Potter, X-Men,
data that can be played with audio Resident Evil.
playback software. This category also
Film Series “Dora the Explorer”
includes midi files, musical scores, and
Dora the Explorer is an American
audio project files, which typically do not
contain audio data. Common audio file animated television series created by Chris
Gifford, Valerie Walsh, and Eric Weiner.
extensions include .wav, .aif, mp3, and
A pilot episode for the series was aired in
.mid (fileinfo, 2010).
1999, and Dora the Explorer became a
2.4.3 Audio – Visual Media regular series in 2000. The show is carried
The term audio-visual (AV) may on the Nickelodeon cable television
refer to works with both a sound and a network, including the associated Nick Jr.
visual component, the production or use of channel. It aired on CBS until September
such works, or the equipment involved in 2006. Characters of this film and
presenting such works. Films and television series are:
television programs are examples of audio-
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 115

• Dora, the main character, is a young skills. (Training in applicative classroom


girl who embarks on a trip in every action research).
episode in order to find something or There are some Characteristics of
help somebody. She asks the viewers Classroom Action Research, those are:
at home to help her find new ways to
reach places with the help of map .
1. a collaborative effort between school
• Boots the Monkey.
teachers and teacher educators
• Swiper is a sneaky fox in a blue mask 2. It is done in cycles – as written in the
and gloves, who is the antagonist of "planning principle" above. In every
the TV series and appears in nearly new cycle, ideally there will be
every episode. significant difference with the
• Dora's purple Backpack, provides previous cycle. It means the cycle in
whatever Dora needs to complete her the previous research is not effective
quests. enough to solve the problem faced by
• The Map provides travel guidance the researcher.
and advice. 3. Discussing among the researcher,
collaborator, participant, and expert
The episodes of Dora the Explorer almost should be done during the Classroom
always follow a regular pattern such as: Action Research.
• Dora has something she wants to do or 4. Its result can be immediately applied
somewhere she needs to go. and long range.
• Dora will meet one of her friends at 5. Reflective practice made public.
each of the locations detailed by the
Map. Classroom Action Research for
• Dora asks viewers what their favorite English learning aims at developing a
part was. She (and usually Boots) then certain instructional strategy to solve
proceed to tell the viewer which part practical instructional problems in English
of the adventure she most enjoyed. classrooms. Each English learner is
Any other major character can also be
basically able to learn English provided
included in this section (Wikipedia,
2010). that he or she is given the appropriate help
as each learner has his or her own style and
In this study we hope by using one strategy of learning. Classroom Action
film series “Dora the Explorer” as the Research for English learning aims at
media, make children interested in learning discovering learning-teaching strategies
English especially to increase vocabulary that match learners’ style and strategies in
items and make students easy to remember learning English. Classroom Action
the name of something. Research is done in several cycles each of
which is repeated in the following cycle if
2.6. Classroom Action Research the result is not satisfactory yet with the
Classroom Action Research is an better revised lesson plan. Each cycle
activity undertaken teachers to improve begins with lesson planning, implementing
their performance and teaching skills in the the plan (acting), observing the
classroom. They do it by evaluating their implementation, and reflecting or
teaching approaches and then making evaluating the process and the result of the
improvements. By doing this repeatedly,
implementation. According to Kemmis and
they should improve their performance and McTaggart (in Koshy, 2007:3) Basically
116 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

there are four stages that should be taken to time to do the reflection's result as a
do a classroom action research: planning for the cycle after The stages are
shown in the following figure.
1. Planning
Planning is the first step the researcher
has to do before doing something. The
planning is expected to be futuristic
and flexible to face some non-
anticipated effects. By the planning,
we can prepare to handle the troubles
early. By a good planning, a
researcher can be easier to face some
problems and it will be more effective
in doing research.

2. Acting
Acting is an applying of the planning.
It can be a teaching method applying
that has a purpose to repair or
Figure 2.1. Stages of classroom action
complete a certain model. That action
research according to Kemmis &
can be applied by the persons who are
McTaggart (1991)
involved in the applying a teaching
method which the result also will be
II. METHOD AND PROCEDURE
sure for completing in doing 3.1. Research Method
assignment. Referring to the problem of the
study, the data needed in this study is the
3. Observing
Observing is used to see and capture teacher`s activity in implementing teaching
some influences caused by a vocabulary by using original film series
classroom action. This observation's “Dora the Explorer” to increase vocabulary
result is a basic of doing reflection so mastery the students of fifth grade SDN
that the research should be able to Langkai I Palangka Raya. Classroom
show the real situation. In the Action Research for English learning aims
observation, the researcher should take at developing a certain instructional
a note of the process of action, the strategy to solve practical instructional
action's effects, environment, and problems in English classrooms and
some troubles. following four stages, those are : Planning,
Acting, Observing and reflecting.
4. Reflecting
Reflecting consists of: analysis, 3.2. Research Procedure
synthesis, interpretation, explanation, and The Steps in conducting the classroom
conclusion. The reflection's result is having action research are as follows:
revision of the planning which has been 1. Planning :
done, and it can be used for repairing the - Preparing the lesson plan in form
teacher's performance in the future. of Rencana Perbaikan
Thereby, the action research can't be held Pembelajaran (RPP) based on the
topic of discussion for 2 meetings.
in only one meeting because it needs more
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 117

- Preparing pre-test, post test, Questionnaire is a sheet of question


questionnaire for the students, the asking about English teaching by
teacher and observation sheet. using original film series “Dora the
2. Acting :
Explorer”, these questions also asks
In this phase, the writer will conduct
about their motivation, interest, and
the cycle with 2 meetings. Each
the strength and the weakness of
meeting will have duration 2 x 35
d. Observation Sheet
minutes. The topics are described as
Observation sheet is an instrument
follows.
used to know the implementation of
Cy Duration teaching and learning activity by
Topic
cle using original film series “Dora the
1 Surrounding 2 X 35 Minutes Explorer”.
Objects, Noun 4. Reflection
2 Surrounding 2 X 35Minutes The result of action or implementation
Objects, Noun of the scenario is will be discussed and
determined to decide if the plan is
In teaching those topics the action is successful or it is failed. If the plan is
using media of original film Series not success yet, then the observer will
“Dora the Explorer”. re-plan the scenario based on the result
3. Observing: of reflection made. It is used in order
In this Stage, the observer will to improve the re-planning the action
observes the teacher’s performance for the next cycle .
during implementing the action
established in the classroom. The 3.3. Setting
observer will assess the action that The Setting of this classroom action
will be applied by the teacher, by research is at SDN Langkai 1, Pahandut
using observation sheets as the Palangka Raya. It is located on central of
instruments for collecting the data. Palangka Raya, and it consist of first grade
During the phase, the writer will use up to sixth grade. The subjects of this
the following instruments. study the students of grade V of SDN
a. Pre-test Langkai 1, Pahandut Palangka Raya. The
Pre-test is a test that conducted Fifth grade is selected as the object of the
before the researcher gives study since the students in this class have
treatment to the students to know problems in understanding English, due to
how the students’ level of the lack of English vocabulary mastery.
vocabulary mastery.
b. Post test 3.4. Technique of Data Analysis
Post-test is a test that conducted To find out the students’
after the researcher gives treatment improvement after using original film
to the students to know how the series “Dora the Explorer”, the researcher
improvement level and the use criterion of success. The indicator of
influence of media to the students’ uses in this action research is regarded
vocabulary mastery. successful if the students’ improvement in
c. Questionnaire vocabulary increases at least 75% of the
students’ score is more than 65.
118 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

This mean, to know the students’ consideration to carry out the investigation.
improvement, the writer will measure It was to identify whether or not there were
students’ scores. Score of first test be problems of teaching and learning
measure with score of the second test. activities.
From this measurement, the writer know
the improvement. If the students who got 4.1.1 The Result of the Students Test
score more than 65 is more than 75%, the The data of pre-test can be seen in
using original film series “Dora the the table below:
Explorer” is regarded successful, if not,
Table 4.1 the data of pre-test
then the writer go to the next plan (re-
planning) to get good results. Subjects
No Scores Category
(in code)
III. RESEARCH FINDINGS AND
DISCUSSION 1. X1 75 Good
4.1 Finding of Cycle I 2. X2 60 Fair
In the implemanting phase, the
researcher did action by teaching fifth 3. X3 50 Poor
grade students of SDN Langkai I Palangka
4. X4 50 Poor
Raya using original film series Dora the
Explorer to increase vocabulary mastery. 5. X5 55 Poor
Study was conducted increase the students’
English vocabulary through using original 6. X6 80 Excellent
film series. In the implementing phase, the
7. X7 90 Excellent
researcher did action by teaching first year
students of SDN Langkai I Palangka Raya. 8. X8 75 Good
The setting for investigation of data needed
was conducted by involving observer who 9. X9 70 Good
made notes on the weaknesses of the
10. X10 80 Excellent
investigation. Before doing the
investigation, the writer discussed it firstly 11. X11 80 Excellent
with the principal of the school in other to
get permission. Secondly, the principal 12 X12 90 Excellent
gave his permission to conduct the
13. X13 65 Fair
investigation.
In this matter, the writer conducted the 14. X14 68 Fair
teaching-learning process for particular
purpose that is to carry out classroom 15. X15 75 Good
action research (CAR). The purpose was to
16. X16 70 Good
increase the students’ score on English.
The writer provided pre-test and post- 17. X17 70 Good
test for the subjects. The purpose of
conducting the pre-test was to find out 18. X18 80 Excellent
their prior average score. Next, it was done
19. X19 80 Excellent
to see their performance as a main
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 119

20. X20 90 Excellent 1601


P= x 100
Sum 1453 20

P= 80.05 (excellent category),


1453
P= x 100 The result of post-test, 19 students
20 got higher than 65. It meant more than
95% students were regarded successful.
P= 72.65 (good category),
4.1.2 The Result of Observation
Researcher opened the class, gave
The result of pre-test, 17 students
greeting and checked the present list. Then,
got higher than 65. It meant more than
the researcher explained the teaching
75% students were regarded successful.
method. After that, the researcher
The data of post-test can be seen in the
explained the teaching material. The
table below:
materials consists of surrounding objects
and noun. Here the researcher using
Table 4.2 the data of post-test
original film series “Dora the Explorer” to
Subjects
No Scores Category invited the students to watching that
(in code)
episode. Then, researcher gave them 10
1. X1 80 Excellent
minutes to asked some students about how
2. X2 80 Excellent
to spelled and said name of things and
3. X3 80 Excellent
animals from film series “Dora the
4. X4 85 Excellent Explorer” in that episode. In this activity,
5. X5 60 Fair the researcher helped students who could
6. X6 90 Excellent not answered it. In the last time of first
7. X7 80 Excellent meeting, the researcher gave pre-test which
8. X8 80 Excellent related to that episode and then asked the
9. X9 87 Excellent students the students’ difficulties related to
10. X10 100 Excellent the material.
11. X11 90 Excellent In the second meeting that was on 17 th
12 X12 96 Excellent November 2010 the researcher tried to
13. X13 90 Excellent focus the student’s attention on the goal of
14. X14 90 Excellent learning process. The reseacher came to
15. X15 90 Excellent the class gave greeting, asked the students
16. X16 80 Excellent about their condition and checked the
17. X17 80 Excellent student’s present list. In this time, the
18. X18 85 Excellent researcher gave post-test. The he gave 15
19. X19 78 Good minutes to the students to memorizing and
20. X20 100 Excellent practiced how to spelled and said name of
Sum 1601 things and animals from film series “Dora
the Explorer” in last meetings and gave the
students a piece of paper of question and
120 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

the students answered which related to the 11. X11 80 90


episode. 12. X12 90 96
13. X13 65 90
Reflection of Cycle I 14. X14 68 90
After the reseacher analyzing the data 15. X15 75 90
and evaluating the result of pre-test and 16. X16 70 80
post-test score of teaching learning pocess 17. X17 70 80
in cycle I, the researcher concluded that 18. X18 80 85
The result of pre-test, 17 students got 19. X19 80 78
higher than 65. It meant more than 75% 20. X20 90 100
students were regarded successful. Action
plan one was done based on the result of 4.2. The Result of Questionnaires
pre-test. In the pre-test, the students’ The researcher distributed
average score was 72.65 (good category). questionnaire sheets to the students after
This score was satisfactory. In action one doing post-test. He gave 7 items to be
the investigation was conducted in answered with 2 possible responses, A or
collaboration with an observer and the B.
result of post-test, 19 students got higher
than 65. It meant more than 95% students Table 4.4 analysis of questionnaires
were regarded successful.
Num Responses
Based on the result above, the writer
ber A B
came to the conclusion that by using
of Num Num
original film series “Dora the Explorer” in % %
Item ber ber
increasing vocabulary mastery, students
1. 17 85% 3 15%
could increase their vocabulary ability. To
2. 19 95% 1 5%
prove this statement, the results of the test
3. 20 100% 0 0%
in this action research were compared in
4. 20 100% 0 0%
the table below.
5. 18 90% 2 10%
Table 4.3 the Comparison of the Test 6. 19 95% 1 5%
Result 7. 5 25% 15 75%
Score Total of respondents=20
Students’
No Pre- Post-
Code 1. According to the item 1 is asking
test test
students about English is favorite
1. X1 75 80 subject in the school, there are 17
2. X2 60 80 students who answered A and 3 students
3. X3 50 80 who answered B. Because English can
4. X4 50 85 make their communicate with English
5. X5 55 60 language.
2. According to the item 2 is asking
6. X6 80 90
students about function of English for
7. X7 90 80 our life, there are 20 students who
8. X8 75 80 answered A and 0 student who
9. X9 70 87 answered B. Because English is very
10. X10 80 100 useful for our life.
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 121

3. According to the item 3 is asking was the fifth grade students of SDN
students about media which suitable for Langkai I Palangka Raya. There were 20
the students, there are 20 students who students in the fifth grade.
answered A and student who answered
Besides, there were two kinds of
B. Media is the best way to conducting
their skill in English, especially for film instrument to collect the data needed in this
series. study. The reseacher used Observation and
4. According to the item 4 is asking questionnaire. Observation was done to
students about media which suitable for evaluate the teacher and the data got from
the students, there are 20 students who observation was regarded as primary data.
answered A and 0 student who Meanwhile, questionnaire was given to the
answered B. Film series media is a
students to ask their self akknowledgment
easier tools to improve their skill in
English. relating with the procedure of teaching
5. According to the item 5 is asking English vocabulary using original film
students about film series “Dora the series “Dora the Explorer” implemented to
Explorer” is suitable for the students, them. There were three stages included in
there are 18 students who answered A instrument. They were the procedure of
and 2 students who answered B. Dora teaching English vocabulary by using
Explorer is suitable for children and
original film series “Dora the Explorer”
elementary school, because that serial is
very famous in the world. namely pre viewing, while viewing and
6. According to the item 6 is asking post viewing. So the observation and
students about film series “Dora the questionnaire must investigate the three
Explorer” is can make the children very stages above.
easier for the students to memorizing Relating with the result of observation
something, there are 19 students who
and questionnaire in the procedure of
answered A and 1 student who
answered B. Dora Explorer is suitable teaching English vocabulary by using
for children and elementary school, original film series “Dora the Explorer”,
because they like to doing something the matter that was very concerned; in pre-
which their watch in the television. viewing, the teacher did all of the activity.
7. According to the item 6 is asking Then in while-viewing, the teacher did not
students about learning media, there are implemented all of the activity in second
15 students who answered A and 7
meeting. From the meeting, teacher
student who answered B. Their never
using oiginal film series before. playing original film series “Dora the
Explorer” for the students, sometimes
4.3. Discussion some of students did not take attention
The objective of this study was to with the episode. Because the serial was
observe the implementation of teaching too fast. They did not have enough time to
English Vocabulary using original film write or remember name of thing and
series “Dora the Explorer” in the level of animals. In while-viewing, the teacher
elementary school at SDN Langkai I sometimes played the original film series
Palangka Raya. In this section, the more than once for some scene. It is
following discussion is to review the depend on the students’ needed. In post
procedure of teaching implemented by the viewing the teacher did not implemented
English teacher in SDN Langkai I all of activity. The activity that done in
Palangka Raya. The subject of this study classroom was asked the students to do
122 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

discussion. It related with what the Item Numbe Numbe


% %
students had watched. r r
Using original film series “Dora the 1. 17 85% 3 15
explorer” was fairly good, because it is fun %
and did not make bored while teaching 2. 19 95% 1 5%
learning process and it gave the sample 3. 20 100 0 0%
how to pronounce the word correctly. The %
students were interested learning by using 4. 20 100 0 0%
original film series “Dora the explorer”. %
Table 4.3 the Comparison of the Test 5. 18 90% 2 10
Result %
Score 6. 19 95% 1 5%
Students’
No Pre- Post- 7. 5 25% 15 75
Code
test test %
1. X1 75 80 Total of respondents=20
2. X2 60 80
3. X3 50 80 4.3. Discussion
4. X4 50 85 The objective of this study was to
5. X5 55 60 observe the implementation of teaching
6. X6 80 90 English Vocabulary using original film
7. X7 90 80 series “Dora the Explorer” in the level of
8. X8 75 80 elementary school at SDN Langkai I
9. X9 70 87 Palangka Raya. In this section, the
10. X10 80 100 following discussion is to review the
11. X11 80 90 procedure of teaching implemented by the
12. X12 90 96 English teacher in SDN Langkai I
13. X13 65 90 Palangka Raya. The subject of this study
14. X14 68 90 was the fifth grade students of SDN
15. X15 75 90 Langkai I Palangka Raya. There were 20
16. X16 70 80 students in the fifth grade.
17. X17 70 80 Besides, there were two kinds of
18. X18 80 85 instrument to collect the data needed in this
19. X19 80 78 study. The researcher used Observation
and questionnaire. Observation was done
20. X20 90 100
to evaluate the teacher and the data got
from observation was regarded as primary
4.2. The Result of Questionnaires
data. Meanwhile, questionnaire was given
The researcher distributed
to the students to ask their self
questionnaire sheets to the students after
acknowledgment relating with the
doing post-test. He gave 7 items to be
procedure of teaching English vocabulary
answered with 2 possible responses, A or
using original film series “Dora the
B.
Explorer” implemented to them. There
Table 4.4 analysis of questionnaires
were three stages included in instrument.
Numbe Responses
They were the procedure of teaching
r of A B
Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017 123

English vocabulary by using original film the Explorer” can increase vocabulary
series “Dora the Explorer” namely pre mastery for the fifth grade students of SDN
viewing, while viewing and post viewing. Langkai I Palangka Raya is many children
So the observation and questionnaire must are very happy and quickly to memorize
investigate the three stages above. something served through audio visual,
Relating with the result of observation such as by more favorite film series. It
and questionnaire in the procedure of would be more interesting for students and
teaching English vocabulary by using the teacher to create the situation to be
original film series “Dora the Explorer”, more fun, because of that the researcher
the matter that was very concerned; in pre- using original film series “Dora the
viewing, the teacher did all of the activity. Explorer” to helped the students of fifth
Then in while-viewing, the teacher did not grade students of SDN Langkai I Palangka
implemented all of the activity in second Raya to increase vocabulary master. The
meeting. From the meeting, teacher Researcher used that series because “Dora
playing original film series “Dora the the Explorer” is famous in children, and
Explorer” for the students, sometimes teaching how to spelt name of things and
some of students did not take attention animals and implementing original film
with the episode. Because the serial was series “Dora the Explorer” in teaching
too fast. They did not have enough time to vocabulary, the students have chance to be
write or remember name of thing and active, cooperative in class and they do not
animals. In while-viewing, the teacher feel bored . The students’ responses are
sometimes played the original film series positive. There are some increasing score
more than once for some scene. It is made by the students in English
depend on the students’ needed. In post vocabulary through original film series
viewing the teacher did not implemented “Dora the Explorer” after the researcher
all of activity. The activity that done in analyzing the data and evaluating the result
classroom was asked the students to do of pre-test and post-test score of teaching
discussion. It related with what the learning process in cycle I, the researcher
students had watched. concluded that from the result of pre-test,
Using original film series “Dora the there were 14 students who got less than
explorer” was fairly good, because it is fun 65. It meant more than 70% students were
and did not make bored while teaching not successful. It was done based on the
learning process and it gave the sample result of pre-test. In the pre-test, the
how to pronounce the word correctly. The students’ average score was 70.65 (good
students were interested learning by using category). This score was satisfactory
original film series “Dora the explorer”.

IV. CONCLUSION
5.1 Conclusion
Based on the result of the study shows
that the use of original film series “Dora
124 Jurnal ADHUM Vol. VII No 2, Juli 2017

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