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283 tayangan4 halamanKeeping students motivated in the math classroom.

Sep 20, 2010

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Keeping students motivated in the math classroom.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

283 tayangan

Keeping students motivated in the math classroom.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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a Path to Results

Exercise is hard work. Many people find it difficult to follow The Saxon Math method takes the content that would

through with the resolution to attain better health through typically be housed within a chapter of a traditional textbook,

physical exercise. Even knowing the benefits of exercise, slices that information into small increments of learning, and

far too many Americans do not possess the motivation spreads them out over the course of the entire school year.

necessary to consistently engage in activities that exercise This lowers student fatigue toward any particular math topic

their hearts, lungs, or muscles. In a similar manner, math is and promotes a more holistic mathematical experience.

hard work. In far too many American classrooms, students do

not possess sufficient motivation to consistently engage in Can you imagine being a member of a fitness center

activities that bring about mathematical literacy and develop where the equipment is replaced with new machines

the concepts and knowledge needed for success at the next every day? Although the varying machines might please

level of education or in the workforce. The goal of this paper those accustomed to using many types of exercise machines,

is to incorporate the parallels between exercise and math the novice exerciser, who is accustomed to their routine

education to highlight Saxon Math’s unique approach to using the machines they are used to, would be more focused

student motivation. on how to use the new machine than on the primary goal of

fitness. Likewise, math classrooms need established routines.

The bench press is a great way to build upper body strength. Without these routines students can become frustrated or

However, few individuals spend their entire workout doing just confused. Not only are the students trying to

that one exercise. That one movement, after many repetitions, learn new mathematical ideas, they also

would become tiresome, both in terms of muscle strain and have to understand new classroom

the monotony of the movement resulting in boredom. Instead, practices on an almost daily basis.

most choose to break up their workouts. One might spend Their minds are not free to think at

a few minutes at the bench press before moving on to the deeper mathematical levels because

elliptical machine, the speed bag, the leg curl machine, and they are preoccupied with, and

the stair climber. anxious about, their

Similarly, students can learning environment.

become bored and Saxon Math is engaging,

exhausted with math student-centered, and Daily Lesson Structure in

Saxon Math K–4

when they spend full of activity. However,

extended periods of the activities are formed

time within the same with a repeated, expected routine and

strand. After too many an explicit instructional approach. The

repetitions of the same cannot be said regarding programs

same lesson, students overly reliant on constructivist, discovery,

become frustrated problem-based, experiential, or inquiry-

and simply want to based techniques1. With so much

move on to anything instability in the personal lives of modern

other than what they students, many learners are not motivated

are currently learning. by math instruction centered on daily

change rather than constancy.

1

1. Note. From “Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching,” by Kirschner, Sweller,

and Clark, Educational Psychologist v41 n2, pp. 75–86. Copyright 2006.

Are there modes of exercise that you avoid at almost

any cost? Does your sense of rhythm make aerobics a

source of entertainment for onlookers? Does running on a

treadmill make you feel like a rodent on a wheel? How about

skis, blades, and rollers? Is there a sense of hesitancy before

strapping any of them to your feet? Every student has a mode

of learning that is optimal for them; but they also have avenues

of learning that make them feel embarrassed, frustrated,

anxious, or disengaged. For this reason, Saxon Math offers

multiple learning opportunities and choices so that learning is

differentiated toward the benefit and preference of individual

students. A prime example is found in the many ways in which

fact fluency is attained in the Saxon Math kits:

• Logical-mathematical—use

of linking cubes and skip counting

• Linguistic—teacher and student fact cards

and oral fact practice sheets

• Visual—teacher fact cards and written practice

• Spatial—linking cubes, multiplication tables,

and color tiles

• Bodily-kinesthetic—fact practice games, Learning

Wrap-Ups™, student fact cards, and written practice Many individuals never seem to reach their desired

• Personal—fact practice games and oral fact level of fitness through exercise because they burn

practice sheets out. They want to lose 30 pounds, lift 50% more weight,

and bring their cholesterol level down to an acceptable

range in a matter of weeks. Instead, after a few days, their

Alternative approaches are muscles ache, they have sustained a serious injury, or they no

replete within the Saxon longer have the motivation to carry on. The daily exercising

Math textbook levels for is sheer pain and drudgery. Each day they are met with

students who struggle with more failure than success. Because they do not see results

initial modes of instruction. immediately, they give up. Unfortunately, many students do

Manipulatives, electronic the same. Initially, intrinsic motivation (or parental influence)

learning experiences has them committed and focused. However, if each lesson

(online Student Activities, is confusing and full understanding is never in sight, they

Manipulatives in Motion begin to lose hope and become disengaged in the learning

software, iSucceed, TI® process. Struggling students often feel that as soon as one

Resources CD, and idea is somewhat understood, another brand-new concept

Instructional Presentations), is right on its heels. Their mental “muscles” are strained;

and Alternative Instruction they can barely lift the lightest denomination of weight on

Tips in the Teacher’s the math bar. These students will never progress if they

Manuals all recognize and accommodate the most successful do not have sufficient time to practice the skills they have

modalities for each student. attained, or to do math with which they are comfortable and

2

Students are more apt to

learn if they can relate math

content to their real-life

experiences. Accordingly,

special emphasis in the

Saxon Math kits is given

to scenarios involving

money, time, and food. As

students become older, their

experiences expand across

more domains. In the newest

high school editions of

Saxon Math, special attention is paid to presenting problems

that interest older students and help them more clearly

envision the type of math required within various careers.

that is cumulative. There are a vast number of problems

each day with which students can exude confidence and

pride. Nothing breeds self-esteem and motivation more than

success. With Saxon Math’s distributed and incremental

format, students are afforded the time and practice each day

to master math concepts. Yet, just like in weightlifting, the

amount lifted needs to be gradually increased over time, to

attain optimal strength. This is precisely the method found in

Saxon Math. There will be problems within each practice A Correlation Of Saxon Math Intermediate 4, ©2008

To The National Council of Teacher’s of Mathematics (NCTM) Focal Points and Connections

set that require higher-ordered thinking and that cover newly

GRADE FOUR

introduced ideas and skills—just enough weight for attaining NCTM FOCAL POINTS AND CONNECTIONS SAXON MATH GRADE FOUR

Mathematics

maximum strength in mathematics. Number and Operations and Algebra

Developing quick recall of multiplication facts and related division facts and fluency with whole number multiplication

Students use understandings of multiplication to develop quick Power Up

recall of the basic multiplication facts and related division Lesson(s): 21, 33, 35-101, 111-120

facts. Power-Up Worksheet:

Even if you are fully devoted to exercise, you might not be Number(s): C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K

New Concepts

physically fit. How could this be? If an individual spends Lesson(s): 28, 29, 32, 38, 46, 47, 55

Lesson Activity

Number(s): 9

an hour a day exercising the 18 muscles in their toes, they Written Practice

Lesson(s): 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,

would have uniquely strong feet, but how much does this 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58,

59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77,

78, 79, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98,

increase their overall health? Their cardiovascular system 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113,

114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 120

could still be in an unhealthy state. In like manner, if the math Investigation

Lesson(s): 3

Power Up Test

curriculum used in a classroom is disconnected from the Number(s): 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20,

21, 22, 23

topics needed for numeracy and is not applicable to real life, Cumulative Test

Number(s): 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22,

there will be little benefit for the learner. The Saxon Math They apply their understanding of models for multiplication

23

Power Up

(i.e., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal intervals on Lesson(s): 60-74, 76, 77, 78, 81, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 92, 93,

curriculum matches the emphases of both the National the number line), place value, and properties of operations (in

particular, the distributive property) as they develop, discuss,

94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 110,

111, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120

Mathematics Advisory Panel Report and NCTM’s Focal and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to

multiply multidigit whole numbers.

New Concepts

Lesson(s): 44, 48, 58, 60, 87, 90, 113

Written Practice

Points. Correlations by grade level to the NCTM standards, Lesson(s): 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57,

58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75,

the NCTM Focal Points, and to the standards of your state 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92,

93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,

107, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,

can be found on our Web site at www.saxonmath.com. 120

Cumulative Test

Number(s): 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21

3

www.saxonmath.com • 800.289.4490

For some, the motivation to work out comes from

within; but for many, motivation comes from an

outside source. Some people only exercise when it

involves the fun and camaraderie of a team sport. The

popularity of softball, basketball, volleyball, and bowling

leagues all support this truth. Others need a fitness

coach, advisor, or exercise partner to provide them with

the encouragement, advice, and admonition to follow

through with the hard work of exercise. Many math students

need encouragement as well. Saxon Math’s unique

incremental design promotes more of a team approach to

the mathematics classroom than other traditional methods.

Whether it is the whole group, interactive instruction

found in the daily Math Meeting, the discussions that arise

during Mental Math activities, or the collaboration afforded

by the classroom time devoted to cumulative practice,

Saxon Math’s approach emphasizes teamwork. The use

of hands-on/mind-on activities and games allows math

learning to be both rigorous and fun. The engaging math

instruction encourages students to help other students,

while still allowing student to receive individual support and

encouragement from their teacher.

an educational format and support features geared especially

for the significant adults in a child’s life.

activity can improve your quality of life and extend your days

on Earth with family and friends. But exercise is hard work. It

takes a great deal of motivation to find the time and the drive

to work out everyday. Saxon Math provides students with

the motivation needed to attain the benefits that come with

deep mathematical understanding and fluency. This carefully

constructed and time-tested program delivers meaningful

math content to students through a consistent classroom

structure that promotes variety, collaboration, engagement,

and fun. Setting realistic expectations and increasing those

expectations incrementally, Saxon Math teaches math in a

way that fosters success rather than frustration and allows

students to learn mathematics in inviting ways. Saxon Math

helps your students find a new level of enjoyment, success,

and confidence in the hard work of mathematics.

Printed in the U.S.A. PG05/09 643

Z-1418076

Learning Wrap-Ups™ is a trademark of Learning Wrap-Ups Inc.

TI® is a registered trademark of Texas Instruments Inc.

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