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Student Motivation

The Difference That Gets Results

Staying Motivated: Saxon Math Provides Students


a Path to Results
Exercise is hard work. Many people find it difficult to follow The Saxon Math method takes the content that would
through with the resolution to attain better health through typically be housed within a chapter of a traditional textbook,
physical exercise. Even knowing the benefits of exercise, slices that information into small increments of learning, and
far too many Americans do not possess the motivation spreads them out over the course of the entire school year.
necessary to consistently engage in activities that exercise This lowers student fatigue toward any particular math topic
their hearts, lungs, or muscles. In a similar manner, math is and promotes a more holistic mathematical experience.
hard work. In far too many American classrooms, students do
not possess sufficient motivation to consistently engage in Can you imagine being a member of a fitness center
activities that bring about mathematical literacy and develop where the equipment is replaced with new machines
the concepts and knowledge needed for success at the next every day? Although the varying machines might please
level of education or in the workforce. The goal of this paper those accustomed to using many types of exercise machines,
is to incorporate the parallels between exercise and math the novice exerciser, who is accustomed to their routine
education to highlight Saxon Math’s unique approach to using the machines they are used to, would be more focused
student motivation. on how to use the new machine than on the primary goal of
fitness. Likewise, math classrooms need established routines.
The bench press is a great way to build upper body strength. Without these routines students can become frustrated or
However, few individuals spend their entire workout doing just confused. Not only are the students trying to
that one exercise. That one movement, after many repetitions, learn new mathematical ideas, they also
would become tiresome, both in terms of muscle strain and have to understand new classroom
the monotony of the movement resulting in boredom. Instead, practices on an almost daily basis.
most choose to break up their workouts. One might spend Their minds are not free to think at
a few minutes at the bench press before moving on to the deeper mathematical levels because
elliptical machine, the speed bag, the leg curl machine, and they are preoccupied with, and
the stair climber. anxious about, their
Similarly, students can learning environment.
become bored and Saxon Math is engaging,
exhausted with math student-centered, and Daily Lesson Structure in
Saxon Math K–4
when they spend full of activity. However,
extended periods of the activities are formed
time within the same with a repeated, expected routine and
strand. After too many an explicit instructional approach. The
repetitions of the same cannot be said regarding programs
same lesson, students overly reliant on constructivist, discovery,
become frustrated problem-based, experiential, or inquiry-
and simply want to based techniques1. With so much
move on to anything instability in the personal lives of modern
other than what they students, many learners are not motivated
are currently learning. by math instruction centered on daily
change rather than constancy.

1
1. Note. From “Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching,” by Kirschner, Sweller,
and Clark, Educational Psychologist v41 n2, pp. 75–86. Copyright 2006.

Saxon—The Difference That Gets Results


Are there modes of exercise that you avoid at almost
any cost? Does your sense of rhythm make aerobics a
source of entertainment for onlookers? Does running on a
treadmill make you feel like a rodent on a wheel? How about
skis, blades, and rollers? Is there a sense of hesitancy before
strapping any of them to your feet? Every student has a mode
of learning that is optimal for them; but they also have avenues
of learning that make them feel embarrassed, frustrated,
anxious, or disengaged. For this reason, Saxon Math offers
multiple learning opportunities and choices so that learning is
differentiated toward the benefit and preference of individual
students. A prime example is found in the many ways in which
fact fluency is attained in the Saxon Math kits:

• Logical-mathematical—use
of linking cubes and skip counting
• Linguistic—teacher and student fact cards
and oral fact practice sheets
• Visual—teacher fact cards and written practice
• Spatial—linking cubes, multiplication tables,
and color tiles
• Bodily-kinesthetic—fact practice games, Learning
Wrap-Ups™, student fact cards, and written practice Many individuals never seem to reach their desired
• Personal—fact practice games and oral fact level of fitness through exercise because they burn
practice sheets out. They want to lose 30 pounds, lift 50% more weight,
and bring their cholesterol level down to an acceptable
range in a matter of weeks. Instead, after a few days, their
Alternative approaches are muscles ache, they have sustained a serious injury, or they no
replete within the Saxon longer have the motivation to carry on. The daily exercising
Math textbook levels for is sheer pain and drudgery. Each day they are met with
students who struggle with more failure than success. Because they do not see results
initial modes of instruction. immediately, they give up. Unfortunately, many students do
Manipulatives, electronic the same. Initially, intrinsic motivation (or parental influence)
learning experiences has them committed and focused. However, if each lesson
(online Student Activities, is confusing and full understanding is never in sight, they
Manipulatives in Motion begin to lose hope and become disengaged in the learning
software, iSucceed, TI® process. Struggling students often feel that as soon as one
Resources CD, and idea is somewhat understood, another brand-new concept
Instructional Presentations), is right on its heels. Their mental “muscles” are strained;
and Alternative Instruction they can barely lift the lightest denomination of weight on
Tips in the Teacher’s the math bar. These students will never progress if they
Manuals all recognize and accommodate the most successful do not have sufficient time to practice the skills they have
modalities for each student. attained, or to do math with which they are comfortable and
2

Saxon—The Difference That Gets Results


Students are more apt to
learn if they can relate math
content to their real-life
experiences. Accordingly,
special emphasis in the
Saxon Math kits is given
to scenarios involving
money, time, and food. As
students become older, their
experiences expand across
more domains. In the newest
high school editions of
Saxon Math, special attention is paid to presenting problems
that interest older students and help them more clearly
envision the type of math required within various careers.

at ease. Each lesson within Saxon Math contains practice


that is cumulative. There are a vast number of problems
each day with which students can exude confidence and
pride. Nothing breeds self-esteem and motivation more than
success. With Saxon Math’s distributed and incremental
format, students are afforded the time and practice each day
to master math concepts. Yet, just like in weightlifting, the
amount lifted needs to be gradually increased over time, to
attain optimal strength. This is precisely the method found in
Saxon Math. There will be problems within each practice A Correlation Of Saxon Math Intermediate 4, ©2008
To The National Council of Teacher’s of Mathematics (NCTM) Focal Points and Connections
set that require higher-ordered thinking and that cover newly
GRADE FOUR
introduced ideas and skills—just enough weight for attaining NCTM FOCAL POINTS AND CONNECTIONS SAXON MATH GRADE FOUR
Mathematics
maximum strength in mathematics. Number and Operations and Algebra
Developing quick recall of multiplication facts and related division facts and fluency with whole number multiplication
Students use understandings of multiplication to develop quick Power Up
recall of the basic multiplication facts and related division Lesson(s): 21, 33, 35-101, 111-120
facts. Power-Up Worksheet:
Even if you are fully devoted to exercise, you might not be Number(s): C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K
New Concepts
physically fit. How could this be? If an individual spends Lesson(s): 28, 29, 32, 38, 46, 47, 55
Lesson Activity
Number(s): 9
an hour a day exercising the 18 muscles in their toes, they Written Practice
Lesson(s): 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41,
would have uniquely strong feet, but how much does this 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58,
59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77,
78, 79, 81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98,
increase their overall health? Their cardiovascular system 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113,
114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 120
could still be in an unhealthy state. In like manner, if the math Investigation
Lesson(s): 3
Power Up Test
curriculum used in a classroom is disconnected from the Number(s): 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23
topics needed for numeracy and is not applicable to real life, Cumulative Test
Number(s): 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22,

there will be little benefit for the learner. The Saxon Math They apply their understanding of models for multiplication
23
Power Up
(i.e., equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal intervals on Lesson(s): 60-74, 76, 77, 78, 81, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 92, 93,
curriculum matches the emphases of both the National the number line), place value, and properties of operations (in
particular, the distributive property) as they develop, discuss,
94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 110,
111, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120
Mathematics Advisory Panel Report and NCTM’s Focal and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to
multiply multidigit whole numbers.
New Concepts
Lesson(s): 44, 48, 58, 60, 87, 90, 113
Written Practice
Points. Correlations by grade level to the NCTM standards, Lesson(s): 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57,
58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75,
the NCTM Focal Points, and to the standards of your state 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92,
93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106,
107, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119,
can be found on our Web site at www.saxonmath.com. 120
Cumulative Test
Number(s): 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21
3

www.saxonmath.com • 800.289.4490
For some, the motivation to work out comes from
within; but for many, motivation comes from an
outside source. Some people only exercise when it
involves the fun and camaraderie of a team sport. The
popularity of softball, basketball, volleyball, and bowling
leagues all support this truth. Others need a fitness
coach, advisor, or exercise partner to provide them with
the encouragement, advice, and admonition to follow
through with the hard work of exercise. Many math students
need encouragement as well. Saxon Math’s unique
incremental design promotes more of a team approach to
the mathematics classroom than other traditional methods.
Whether it is the whole group, interactive instruction
found in the daily Math Meeting, the discussions that arise
during Mental Math activities, or the collaboration afforded
by the classroom time devoted to cumulative practice,
Saxon Math’s approach emphasizes teamwork. The use
of hands-on/mind-on activities and games allows math
learning to be both rigorous and fun. The engaging math
instruction encourages students to help other students,
while still allowing student to receive individual support and
encouragement from their teacher.

Saxon Math is also a parent-friendly program, providing


an educational format and support features geared especially
for the significant adults in a child’s life.

There is much to be gained through exercise. Physical


activity can improve your quality of life and extend your days
on Earth with family and friends. But exercise is hard work. It
takes a great deal of motivation to find the time and the drive
to work out everyday. Saxon Math provides students with
the motivation needed to attain the benefits that come with
deep mathematical understanding and fluency. This carefully
constructed and time-tested program delivers meaningful
math content to students through a consistent classroom
structure that promotes variety, collaboration, engagement,
and fun. Setting realistic expectations and increasing those
expectations incrementally, Saxon Math teaches math in a
way that fosters success rather than frustration and allows
students to learn mathematics in inviting ways. Saxon Math
helps your students find a new level of enjoyment, success,
and confidence in the hard work of mathematics.

© Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


Printed in the U.S.A. PG05/09 643
Z-1418076
Learning Wrap-Ups™ is a trademark of Learning Wrap-Ups Inc.
TI® is a registered trademark of Texas Instruments Inc.

Saxon—The Difference That Gets Results www.saxonmath.com • 800.289.4490