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This following text is for questions 1 to 3. 5.

Which of the following statements does not agree with the


Being on time is a beautiful social ethic and one of great text?
importance, as it creates efficiency in systems and implies A. Solar energy can only be harnessed in bright sunlight
respect for one another. However, it is one the many values that B. The solar energy is cheaper than any other fossil fuel
is not easy for our students to learn. C. Solar energy is non-polluted
Inner discipline, one that comes from an understanding D. Solar ponds produce hot water to drive generators
of the set rules and regulations, is the highest from of the E. The main important device to harness the solar energy is
behaviour. Most excellent schools try to instill this with a loving cheap
environment. Why, even adults arrive late to meetings, work, etc.
Here, we do not agree that late comers should be shut 6. From the text, we know that....
out. They can be given warnings, most of which are enough to A. Converting solar energy into electricity is expensive
make them try their best to reach the school on time later. If this B. Solar energy generators can be found in most houses
fails, invite their parents to school. C. It is easy to convert solar energy into electricity
By closing the gates, the school is behaving cruelly, to D. The potential source of solar energy can only be found in
which we prefer not to expose our children. Every school has a desert areas
responsibility to implant good educational principle, but it should E. Most of people in bright sunny areas use solar energy
be in appropriate ways. Good schools create competitive
students who can organize themselves effectively in society, so Vegetarians, about 3.2% of the US population, do not
that everyone gets a quality life as a result of ethics and values eat meat. The US Department of Agriculture does not only
learned for as long as 12 years. include meat as part of a balanced diet, but it also states that a
Children are precious and dependent on the adults for vegetarian diet can meet “the recommended dietary allowances
guidance. Understanding them is the key, and to this end, both for nutrients.”
parents and schools must work hand in hand without playing the Many proponents of vegetarianism say that eating meat
blame game. harms health, wastes resources, causes deforestation, and
created pollution. They often argue that killing animals for food is
1. What should the school do if a student can’t stop his/her habit cruel and since non-animal food sources are plentiful.
to come late to school? Humans evolved to be primarily vegetarian. Humans do
A. Punish him/her not have the large mouth or long, pointed teeth of carnivores.
B. Shut him/her out Human teeth are short and flat for chewing fibrous food. The liver
C. Fail him/her of a carnivore can detoxify the excess vitamin A absorbed from a
D. Talk to his/her parents meat-based diet. The human liver cannot excess vitamin A. It is
E. Try to understand him/her unnecessary to take an animal’s life when vegetarian options are
available. In the US about 35 million cows, 115 million pigs, and
2. What does the writer think to be “the highest form of 9 billion birds are killed for food each year. These animals should
behaviour” (in the second paragraph)? not have to die to satisfy an unnecessary dietary preference.
A. Respect for one another On the other hand, many opponents of a vegetarian diet
B. Not being late to school say that moderate meat consumption is healthful, humane and
C. Understanding the regulations that producing vegetables causes many of the same
D. Understanding the rules enviromental problems as producing meat. Eating meat is not
E. Inner discipline cruel or unethical. Every organism on earth dies, at some points,
so others can live. There is nothing wrong with this cycle; it is
3. “Children are precious and dependent on the adults for how nature work.
guidance” The underlined word is closest in meaning to .... Humans have been eating meat in the ancestral diet
A. Valuable D. Innocent provided a dense form of nutrients and protein that, when
B. Excellent C. Naïve E. clever combined with high-calorie low-nutrient carbohydrate such as
roots, allowed us to develop our large brains and intelligence.
This text is for number 4 to 6. Meat is the most convenient protein sources since it
Will solar energy ever be a main source of energy for provides all 10 essential proteins (amino acids), as well as
industrial societies? The solar energy is cheaper than any fossil essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, and the B vitamins, in one
fuel because we can get the abundant source of energy from the serving. Most individual plant foods do not provide adequate
sun. In sunny deserts, the sun’s radiation that reaches the levels of all 100 essential proteins in a single serving.
ground can be used to produce electricity for industries and In my opinion, meat eaters don’t need to feel guilty.
homes. In one of experiment, solar ponds can produce hot water Everything we consume, including vegetables or meat, has
to drive generators. environmental, ethical, and health consequences.
Unfortunately, we can’t power our homes entirely on
sunlight. Solar energy can only be exploited in bright light. Its 7. The proponents of vegetarianism believe that....
great potential, therefore, is in countries that have clear skies for A. moderate meat consumption is healthful
most of the year. Most houses, however, are not in the sunniest B. killing animals for food is cruel and unethical
part of the world. In addition to convert sunlight directly into C. animals can only be killed in an appropriate way
electricity, solar cells are needed. Although they are very cheap D. the liver of a carnivore cannot excess vitamin A
to turn, relatively they are expensive to buy and many people E. humans do not need meat to develop their brains
can’t afford them.
8. The sixth paragraph is an argument....
4. Which of the following can produce hot water to drive A. against animal killing for food
generators? B. for our ancestor’s diet
A. Solar car C. for meat consumption
B. Solar cells D. for the vegetarianism
C. Solar ponds E. against vegetarianism
D. Solar heating
E. Solar batteries 9. All in all, the writer seems to disagree with the arguments
stated by....
A. the US Departement of Agriculture non-resistant microbes and cause them to become resistant.
B. proponents of vegetarianism During antibiotic treatment, non-resistant microbes are
C. opponents of vegetarianism destroyed, but resistant types survive and multiply.
D. animal lovers To avoid the side effect of antibiotics, you’d better not
E. meat eaters urge your doctor to prescribe antibiotics. Keep in mind that
antibiotics are only useful for bacterial infections and have no
The following text is for questions 10 to 12 effect on viruses, so they cannot be used for chicken pox,
Apartments Offer Practical Living measles, and other viral diseases.
The number of high-rise apartment buildings continues
to mushroom not only in the center of the city but also in 13. Which diseases cannot be cured by antibiotics?
suburban areas. This shows that many Indonesian enjoy living in A. Tonsillitis D. Tuberculosis
apartments. This is true for a number of reasons. B. Meningitis E. Scarlet fever
In the first place, people prefer to live in an apartment C. Chicken pox
because it is located near strategic areas. They can save time
and energy as they don’t have to experience terrible traffic jam. 14. What are discussed in paragraph two and four?
In addition, they enjoy the new life style because an A. Both paragraphs describe how antibiotics work
apartment offers comfort and privacy so they don’t have to worry B. Both paragraphs tell about the effects of misusing antibiotics
about the city’s high crime rate as most apartments have 24-hour C. Both paragraphs explain how antibiotics damage organs and
security systems. tissues
Moreover, people now enjoy practicality and this is D. Paragraph two tells what causes the pathogenic microbes
reflected in the design of their place. Living rooms become multiply and paragraph four tells how the un-resistant microbes
smaller and a veranda is no longer considered an important part become resistant
of the house. E. Paragraph two tells how antibiotics destroy harmless microbes
From the facts above, it is clear that apartments offer and paragraph four describes how the pathogenic microbes
practical living which thus make them mustrooming. transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes
(source: Indonesian Property Business)
15. Choose one from the following which is not the effect of
10. According to paragraph two, what does an apartment offer? using antibiotics improperly?
a. Comfort A. Organs and tissues are damaged
b. Security B. The pathogenic microbes multiply
c. Practicality C. Harmless microorganisms are destroyed
d. Privacy D. Pathogenic microbes become nonresistant
e. Safety E. New infection which is called suprainfention develops

11. It can be inferred from the text that.... 16. “Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless and
a. Many Indonesian people right now enjoy living in a small dangerous microbes.”(paragraph 2)
house. The underlined word means...
b. Practicality means security A. vary D. contradict
c. People prefer living in an apartment because it is located near B. compare E. differentiate
office areas. C. correlate
d. Living in an apartment creates practical lifestyle
e. Secure life style is mostly preferred now

12. “The number of high-rise apartment buildings continues to


mushroom not only in the center.... “(Paragraph 1) The
underlined word is closest meaning to....
a. Increase
b. Enhance
c. Boost
d. Intensify
e. Raise

The following text is for Question 13 to 16.


Antibiotic is a drug produced by certain microbes.
Antibiotics destroy other microbes that damage human tissues.
They are used to treat a wide variety of diseases, including
gonorrhea, tonsillitis, and tuberculosis. Antibiotics are sometimes
called “Wonder drugs” because they can cure diseases such as
meningitis, pneumonia, and scarlet fever. But, when the
antibiotics are overused or misused, these drugs make a person
sensitive being attacked by a superbug.
Antibiotics do not always distinguish between harmless
and dangerous microbes. If a drug destroys too many harmless
microorganism, the pathogenic ones (the dangerous microbes)
will have a greater chance to multiply. This situation often leads
to the development of a new infection called suprainfection.
Extensive use of some antibiotics may damage organs
and tissues. For example, streptomycin, which is used to treat
tuberculosis, has caused kidney damage and deafness.
Resistance to antibiotics may be acquired by pathogenic
microbes. The resistant microbes transfer genetic material to