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LIQUID FUELS

1. Also called black gold due to its great economic importance.


A. Black Diamond
B. Petroleum
C. Black American
D. Black Stone
2. Fuels that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion.
A. Liquefied Petroleum Gas
B. Biofuels
C. Liquid Hydrogen
D. Petroleum
3. A transparent, petroleum-derived liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in spark-ignited internal combustion engines.
A. Diesel
B. Liquid Hydrogen
C. Fuel Oil
D. Gasoline
4. It also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil, is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum, widely used as a fuel
in industry as well as households.
A. Gasoline
B. Diesel
C. Kerosene
D. Alcohols
5. A vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, propyl or ethyl) esters.
A. Methanol
B. Ethanol
C. Biodiesel
D. Butanol
6. It is also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol and used as antifreeze, solvent, fuel, and as a denaturant for ethanol.
A. Ethanol
B. Methanol
C. Biodiesel
D. Butanol
7. The process of changing heavy oil into gasoline by means of high pressure, high temperature and longer exposure time.
A. Steam Methane Reforming
B. Catalytic Cracking
C. Thermal Cracking
D. Fractional Distillation
8. The process consists of heating the gas in the presence of steam and a nickel catalyst.
A. Steam Methane Reforming
B. Catalytic Cracking
C. Thermal Cracking
D. Fractional Distillation
9. What are the two main processes of hydrogen extraction?
A. Steam Methane Reforming and Fractional Distillation
B. Electrolysis and Thermal Cracking
C. Catalytic Cracking and Thermal Cracking
D. Electrolysis and Steam Reforming
10. The process of separating two or more liquids by means of the difference in their boiling point.
A. Engler distillation
B. Fractional distillation
C. Gas scrubbing
D. Fractional crystallization
11. Kinematics and dynamic viscosity vary from each other only by a factor equal to the:
A. Fluid density
B. Temperature
C. Pressure
D. Specific gas constant
12. What is the effect of a catalyst in a chemical reaction?
A. Absorb the exothermic heat of reaction
B. Provide the exothermic heat of reaction
C. Lower the activation energy
D. Provide the heat sublimation
13. Naphthenes and olefins are types of hydrocarbons with chemical formula of:
A. CnH2n
B. CnH2n-6
C. CnH2n+2
D. CnH2n-2

14. Flash point of liquids is the temperature at which:


A. The fuel emits vapors at a rate which produces an inflammable mixture with air
B. The fuel spontaneously ignites
C. The fuel ignites with clearly visible flash
D. The fuel ignites without a spark
15. Clog point of an oil refers to:
A. The point of maximum contamination of oil
B. The level of impurities beyond which oil ceases to flow
C. The temperature at which oil solidifies
D. The temperature at which paraffin and waxes in oil start precipitating
16. Flash point for diesel fuel oil should be:
A. Maximum 49 °C
B. Maximum 49 °C
C. Maximum 200 °C
D. Maximum 300 °C
17. Which of the following instrument is used in measuring specific gravity?
A. Thermometer
B. Hygrometer
C. Anemometer
D. Hydrometer
18. The percentage of the heat released from fuel – air mixture, in an internal combustion engine which is converted into useful work is
roughly:
A. 10 per cent
B. 10 – 20 per cent
C. 20 -25 per cent
D. 40 – 45 per cent
19. Which oil is more viscous?
A. SAE 30
B. SAE 50
C. SAE 80
D. SAE 40
20. The total sulfur content in a diesel fuel must not exceed _______.
A. 0.3%
B. 0.5%
C. 0.8%
D. 0.11%
21. The indicator used to determine the anti – knock characteristics of gasoline.
A. Aniline point
B. Cetane number
C. Octane number
D. Diesel index
22. When fuel oil has a high viscosity then the fuel oil
A. Will evaporate easily
B. Will have a low specific gravity
C. Will burn without smoke
D. Will flow slowly through pipes
23. Engines using heavy fuels require heating of the fuel so that the viscosity at the injector is:
A. Around 200 SSU
B. 100 SSU or less
C. 200 SSU + 50
D. 150 SSU or slightly higher
24. The temperature at which lubricating will form a cloud.
A. Cloud point
B. Pour point
C. Critical point
D. Boiling point
25. At what temperature wherein an oil of any grade becomes cloudy and it freezes thus its application is limited.
A. Cold point
B. Flash point
C. Pour point
D. Freezing point
26. The property of liquid in which they extend resistance to angular or shear deformation is:
A. Specific gravity
B. Specific weight
C. Viscosity
D. Density

27. The unit used for expressing API gravity is:


A. gm/cc
B. dimensionless numbers
C. Degrees
D. None of the above

28. Which of the following is a petroleum fuel?


A. Benzol
B. Ethyl alcohol
C. Methyl alcohol
D. Naphta

29. Diesel engine fuels are rated by:


A. Specific gravity
B. Calorific value
C. Cetane number
D. Octane number

30. The ability of a liquid fuel to change into vapor which is manifested in the temperature range at which various portions of the fuel are
vaporized.
A. Volatility
B. Flash Point
C. Calorific Value
D. Calorific Value

1. Coal mining method when the coal is typically less than 200 feet below the surface.
A. Surface Mining B. Fracking
C. Underground Mining
2. A solid fuel that is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace.
A.Coal B. Coke
C. Peat D .Wood
3.______ is a compressed block of coal dust or other combustible biomass material used for fuel and kindling to start a fire.
A. LNG B. Briquette
C. Wood D. Sawdust
4. Mahacai Green Powerplant, one of the first plants to utilize coconut waste as fuel is located at?
A. Taiwan B .Thailand
C. Russia D. Japan
5. It is a solid fuel that is combustible, sedimentary, organic rock, which is composed mainly of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
A.Coal B.Biogas
C.Wood D. Ash
6. Coal mining method when the coal is buried several hundred feet below the surface or more. Some mines can extend to depths of more than
1,000 feet.
A. Surface Mining B. Fracking
C. Underground Mining
7. ______ is mostly pure carbon, made by cooking wood in a low oxygen environment, a process that can take days and burns off volatile
compounds such as water, methane, hydrogen, and tar.
A.Coal B.Charcoal
C.Wood D. Peat
8. Which of the following is not a parameter in anaerobic digestion of biogas digestate .
A. Temperature B. Acidity
C. Dry matter content D. Pressure
9. Based on the List provided by the presenters, which country is the highest contributor in coconut production?
A. Indonesia B.Malaysia
C. Taiwan D. Philippines
10. Also called “Tadon “where polysaccharide extracted from red algae was widely used as a binder for this fuel.
A. Peat Briquette B. Japanese Briquette
C. Plastic Briquette D. Biomass Briquette
11. A briquette produced as a means of using up 'small coal', the finely broken coal inevitably produced during the mining process.
A.Coal Briquette B. Charcoal Briquette
C.Peat Briquette D. Japanese Briquette
12. Which of the following statement is true.
A.Coal produces less energy than both natural gas and petrol per unit mass
B. Coal produces more energy per mass compared to petrol but less than natural gas
C. Coal produces more energy per mass compared to natural gas and petrol
D. Coal produces more energy per mass compared to natural gas but less than petrol
13. Hardwoods such as Oak require how much time to season?
A. 1 – 3 months B. 6 -12 months
C 1-2 years D. 3- 4 years
14. Softwoods such as Pine require how much time to season?
A. 1 – 3 months B. 6 -12 months
C 1-2 years D. 3- 4 years
15. What happens when you season a firewood?
A. It allows the moisture to escape and make the wood dry
B. It transforms softwood into hardwood
C. It produces charcoal and can be stored to prolong its usefulness.
D. It makes the wood grow.
16. In handling charcoal, trucks should not be allowed inside the storehouse.
A. True B. False
17 .Is any wooden material gathered and used for fuel. Generally, it is not highly processed and it is in some form of recognizable log or branch
form.
A. Charcoal B. Firewood
C .Peat D. Anthracite
18.____ are made from agricultural waste and are a replacement for fossil fuels such as oil or coal, and can be used to heat boilers in
manufacturing plants, and also have applications in developing countries.
A. Coal B. Producer gas
C.Biomass Briquette D. Charcoal
19. It is the strongest part of a coconut fruit and used to made charcoal which is used as fuel and this coconut charcoals are far better than other
charcoals.
A. Coconut husk B. Coconut Shell
C.Coconut meat D. Coconut leaves
20. A freshly chopped wood contains about __ water and must be seasoned to 20% water before being used.
A. 0% B. 25%
C.100% D. 50%
21. Removing ash, rock, dirt and sulfur reduces the heating value of coal.
A. True B. False
22. After extracting the coal from the site, the soil and rock are returned to fill the mine.
A.True B. False
23. In checking wood, radial cracks on the wood indicates;
A. hardwood or softwood B. Dryness
C. Termites
24. It is better to burn unseasoned (green) firewood than as seasoned firewood.
A. True B.False
25. It is produced by passing air over red-hot coke.
A. Charcoal B.Wood
C. PEAT D. Producer Gas
26. Which of the following does not belong to the group.
A. Anthracite B. Lignite
C.Char D. Sub Bituminous
27. Philippines was among the top ten countries that has the highest coal consumption.
A. True B.False
28. These briquettes consist of shredded peat, compressed to form a virtually smokeless, slow-burning, easily stored and transported fuel.
A.Coal Briquette B. Charcoal Briquette
C.Peat Briquette D. Plastic Briquette
29. The following are common types of briquette except.
A. Peat Briquette B. Plastic Briquette
C. Paper Briquette D. Charcoal Briquette
30. _____is a combustible mixture of gases. It consists mainly of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and is formed from the anaerobic
bacterial decomposition of organic compounds.
A. Wood B.Charcoal
C. Biogas D. Ash
1. Mixture of flammable gases and non-flammable gases made by the partial combustion of carbonaceous substances, usually coal, in an
atmosphere of air and steam.
a. Wood Gas c. Producer Gas
b. Water Gas
2. You can see below the list of combustible gases except.
a. Carbon Monoxide c. Methane
b. Carbon Dioxide
3. In United Kingdom what is the other term for producer gas?
a. Cheap Gas c. Suction
b. Low Gas
4. A non-combustible gas discovered by Daniel Rutherford
A. Sulfur Dioxide c. Oxygen
B. Nitrogen
5. Oxygen was discovered by
a. Joseph Priestly c. Jan Baptist Van Helmont
b Daniel Rutherford
6. It is a colorless gas with a suffocating, choking odor.
a. Carbon dioxide c. Nitrogen
b. Sulfur Dioxide
7. Is a flammable gaseous fuel made by the destructive distillation of coal containing a variety of calorific gases including hydrogen, carbon
monoxide, methane and volatile hydrocarbons together with small quantities of non-calorific gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen.
a. Producer Gas c. Wood gas
b. Coal Gas
8. It is a closed container where coal gas is being stored.
a. Retort c. Gas Holder
b. Purifier
9. The following are the uses of coal gas except.
a. Extinguisher c. Industrial Fuel
b. Lighting
10. Referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment,
and vehicles.
a. Butane c. LPG
b. Acetylene
11. Gases that are extracted from the deposits of the Earth.
a. Natural Gas Fuel
b. Manufactured Gas Fuel
12. When LPG is used as fuel for vehicle, it is called __________.
a. Gasoline c. Diesel
b. Autogas
13. Type of gas fuel produced through an artificial process, usually Gasification.
a. Natural Gas Fuel
b. Manufactured Gas Fuel
14. To convert gasoline engine into hydrogen engine the modification will cost ___ times the current cost of a gasoline engine.
A. 2 C. 2.5
B. 1.5.
15. It is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen fuel
with oxygen or another oxidising agent.
A. Battery Cell. C. Fuel Cell
B. Hydrogen Cell.
16. Ammonia, frequently used commercially in large freezing and refrigeration plants it is also called _____ because it contains almost no water.
A. Hydrous Ammonia. C. Anhydrous Ammonia
B. Hydo Ammonia.
17. What is the other term for Wood gasification.
a. Coal gasification c. Crop gasification
b. Biomass gasification
18. What does not belong to the group
a. Forestry residue c. Food Residue
b. Agricultural residue
19. What is not a by-product of wood gasification
a. Biogas c. Wood gas
b. Soot
20. The mixture of different gases produced by breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.
a. Water gas c. Syngas
b. Biogas
21. Biogas contains up to _____ of CH4.
a. 40% - 60% c. 50% - 70%
b. 60% - 80%
22. The following are storage device use for short or immediate storage, except?
a. Commercial Gas Cylinders c. Gas Bag
b. Floating Roofs
23. In hydrogen production, it is the process where electrolyzers use electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen
a. thermochemical process c. biological process
b. electrolytic process
24. In hydrogen production, it is the process that uses light energy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.
a. thermochemical process c. direct solar water splitting process
b. electrolytic process
25. In hydrogen production, it is the process which entails the separation of hydrogen atoms in methane from carbon atoms.
a. steam extraction c. direct solar water splitting process
b. electrolytic process
26. Butane is an organic compound with the formula _____________.
a. C4H10 c. C3H5
b. C2H4
27. Butane is a ______ at room temperature and atmospheric pressure.
a. Solid c. Gas
b. Liquid
28. Very pure forms of butane can be used as _________ and have largely replaced the ozone layer-depleting halomethanes.
a. Refrigerants c. Gasoline
b. Brake Fluids
29. What is the hottest burning fuel gas?
a. Biogas c. Acetylene
b. Butane
30. It is considered to be the simplest of all alkynes.
a. methane c). butane
b. Acetylene
31. What is the chemical reaction generated between calcium carbide and water?
a. methane c. butane
b. Acetylene
ANSWERS:

1. B. Petroleum 28. D. Naphta 1. C


2. B. Biofuels 29. C. Cetane number 2. B
3. D. Gasoline 30. A. Volatility 3. C
4. C. Kerosene 1.A 4. B
5. C. Biodiesel 2.B 5. A
6. B. Methanol 3.B 6. B
7. C. Thermal Cracking 4.B 7. B
8. A. Steam Methane 5.A 8. C
Reforming 6.C
9. D. Electrolysis and Steam 9. A
7.B. 10. C
Reforming
8.D. 11. A
10. B. Fractional distillation
11. A. Fluid density 9.A. 12. B
12. C. Lower the activation 10.B 13. B
energy 11.A 14. B
13. A. CnH2n 12.A 15. C
14. A. The fuel emits vapors at a 13.C 16. C
rate which produces an 14.B 17. B
inflammable mixture with air 15.A 18. C
15. D. The temperature at which 16.A 19. A
paraffin and waxes in oil start 17.B. 20. B
precipitating 18.C
16. A. Maximum 49 °C 21. C
19.B 22. A
17. D. Hydrometer
20D 23. B
18. C. 20 -25 per cent
19. C. SAE 80 21.B 24. C
20. B. 0.5% 22.A 25. A
21. C. Octane number 23.B 26. A
22. D. Will flow slowly through 24.B 27. C
pipes 25D 28. A
23. D. 150 SSU or slightly higher 26.C. 29. C
24. A. Cloud point 27.B 30. B
25. A. Cold point 28.C 31. B
26. C. Viscosity 29.B.
27. C. Degrees 30C.