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LESSON PLAN

School : State Senior High School


The Lesson : Chemistry
Subject : Reduction Oxidation (Redoks) Reaction
Grade/ semester : X/ 1
Time Allocation : 6×45 minutes

Standard of Competence :
Understanding the properties of non-electrolyte and electrolyte solution and oxidation-
reduction reaction.

Basic Competency :
Explaining the development of oxidation- reduction reaction concept and the relation
with compound nomenclature and the application.

Teaching Objectives :
 Students are able to diferentiate the reduction oxidation concept based from release
and uptakeof oxygen atoms concept, the electrons transfer concept, the change in
oxidation number concept.
 Students are able to determine the oxidation number of elements in compound or
ion.
 Students are able to determine the oxidator and reductor in reductant oxidant
reaction.
 Students are able to give the nomenclature of compound according to IUPAC.

Indicator :
 Students are able to diferentiate the reduction oxidation concept based from release
and uptakeof oxygen atoms concept, the electrons transfer concept, the change in
oxidation number concept.
 Students are able to determine the oxidation number of elements in compound or
ion.
 Students are able to determine the oxidator and reductor in reductant oxidant
reaction.
 Students are able to give the nomenclature of compound according to IUPAC.

Teaching Method :
 Lecturing
 Giving Worksheet
 Question-Answer
 Discussion

Media components :
Notebook, LCD, Whiteboard, and Exercise

Learning materials :
Definitions of Redoks Reactions
1. The release and uptake of oxygen atoms concept
It is based on ability of oxygen gas to react with various elements to form an oxide.
According to this concept, an oxidation occurs when a subtance uptakesan oxygen
atom in the reaction. Meanwhile, a reduction occurs when a subtance release an
oxygen atom in the reaction.
2. The electrons tranfer concept
According to the concept of electron transfer, reduction refers to the gain of
electrns, while oxidation refers to the loss of electrons.
3. The change in oxidation number concept
According to the concept, oxidation is defined as an increase in oxidation number.
While the reduction is defined as a decrease in oxidation number.
An oxidation number definitions
The number of electron that the element has lose or gained is defined as oxidation
number. The oxidation numbers are marked positive for the elements that lost their
electrons, and negative for those that gained electrons.
How to determine the oxidation numbers of element?
 The xidation numbers of free elements are zero
 The oxidation numbers of mono atomic ion are equals to its ionic charge
 The sum of oxidation numbers of atoms in their compounds are zero
 The sum of oxidation numbers of atoms in polyatomic ions are equal to the charge
of polyatomic ions.
 The oxidation number of group IA element in acompound is +1, while the oxidation
number of group IIA element in a compound is +2
 The oxidation number of group VIIA element in a compound is -1
 The oxidation number of hydrogen atom in a compound is +1, accept in metal
hydride its oxidation number is -1
 The oxidation number of oxygen atom in a compound is -2, except in peroxide, its
oxidation number is -1. And the oxidation number in a binary compound with
fuorine is +2

Oxidant = being reduced


Reductant = being oxidized
Usage of oxidation number concept
 Differentiating redox and non redox reaction
A redox reaction can be distinguished from non redox reaction through the
changing in oxidation number of elements involved in the ractions. When there is
an increase in oxidation number, the element is oxidized and known as a reductant.
Meanwhile, when there is e decrease in oxidation number, the element is reduced
and kown as an oxidant. The difference between redox and non redox reaction can
be seen in the example below.
Redox reaction:
H2 + Cl2 → 2HCl The oxidation number of H is increasing

0 from 0 to +1. It is being oxidized.


0 +1 -1
Meanwhile, the oxidation of Cl is decreasing
Non redox reaction: reduction
from 0 to -1. It is being reduced. Therefore,
CuO + 2HCl → CuCl2 + H2O
oxidation
theThere
reactionare no changing
happened is a redoxinreaction.
oxidation
+2 +2
number of elements involved in the
reaction. It means, the reaction is non
Non redox
 An autoredoks redoks redoks reaction.
In the some redox reactions, there are substance that act both as reductants and
oxidants a the same time. The reaction is konwn as autoredox or disproportionate.
 Naming the ionic compound
1. Naming Binary Compounds
The naming of binary compound, which contain metals with more than one
oxidation numbers, is based on the stock system. The oxidation number of
metals denotes by a Rhome numbers in a parenthesis. It is wrote behind a
metal’s name and followed by a non metal’s name. The non metal’s name has
the suffix –ide
FeCl2 = iron(II) chloride
FeCl3 = iron(III) chloride
There is another way to name binary compounds containing metals with more
than one oxidation numbers. Metals with lower oxidation number have a suffix
–ic. Metals with higher oxidation number have a suffix –ous
FeCl2 = ferric chloride
FeCl3 = ferrous chloride
2. Naming polyatomic Compounds Using Stock System
The polyatomic compounds generally consist of metal having one oxidation
nmber and polyatomic ion which one of its elements having more than one
oxidation nombers. Their names are also given based on the stock system. Write
the rome number which is suitable with the oxidation number of the element in
brackets behind the polyatomic anion.
3. Naming covalent compound whose non-metal elements have more than one
oxidation number
It is done by writing the non metal elements with posotife charge followed by
Roman number which is suitable with the oxidation number in brackets, and
then it is followed by writing the non metal element having negative charge with
suffix-ide

Teaching and Learning Steps


1st meeting
Opening ( 5 minutes)
No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Greeting Good morning, class.
2. Asking for student’s condition How are you today?
3. Leading a prayer Before we start our lesson today, let’s pray
together. Prayer, do. … Thank you.
4. Checking attendance Who is absent today?
6. Apperception Right after you cut an apple,you can see its
white kernel. Just wait a moment! You will see
its kernel turn to brown. The discoloration
shows that there is chemical reaction occured,
or a reduction oxidation (redox) reaction in
precise. We will study about redox reaction.

Main activities ( 82 minutes)


No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Exploration Ok, begin from the definition of rdox reactions.
Teacher explains about how to
diferentiate the reduction
oxidation concept based from
release and uptakeof oxygen
atoms concept, the electrons
transfer concept, the change in
oxidation number concept
2. Elaboration Please look at your book page 247
Teacher ask student to do the
exercise.
3. Confirmation Please, someone of you share the answer to the
Teacher ask student to share class..
the answer to the class and give
clarification.

Closing ( 3 minutes)
No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Teacher ask student to make lets summarize our lesson today...
conclusion
2. Propose the next topic That’s all the time we have for today. We still
continue about how to determine the oxidation
number of elements in compound or ion and
determine the oxidator and reductor in
reductant oxidant reaction. After that we will
study about how to give the nomenclature of
compound according to IUPAC.
3. Leave Taking See you later.

2nd meeting
Opening ( 5 minutes)
No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Greeting Good morning, class.
2. Asking for student’s condition How are you today?
3. Leading a prayer Before we start our lesson today, let’s pray
together. Prayer, do. … Thank you.
4. Checking attendance Who is absent today?
6. Apperception Ok, lets review our lesson last week... Today
we will study about
Main activities ( 172 minutes)
No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Exploration Ok, begin from the definitions of redox
Teacher explains about how to
reactions...
determine the oxidation
number of elements in
compound or ion and give
example.
2. Elaboration Please look at your book page 255 and for
Teacher ask student to do the reflection please do at home and hand in your
exercise and give the reflection reflection tomorrow morning in my office.
as homework.
3. Confirmation Please, someone of you share the answer to the
Teacher ask student to share class..
the answer to the class and give
clarification.
4. Exploration Next matter about how to determine the
Teacher explains about how to
oxidator and reductor in reductant oxidant
determine the oxidator and
reaction...
reductor in reductant oxidant
reaction and give example.
5. Elaboration Please look at your book page 261
Teacher ask student to do the
exercise.
6. Confirmation Please, someone of you share the answer to the
Teacher ask student to share class..
the answer to the class and give
clarification.
7. Exploration Now we will study about how to give the
Teacher explains about how to
nomenclature of compound according to
give the nomenclature of
IUPAC...
compound according to IUPAC
and give example in every part
of matter.
8. Elaboration Please look at your book page 265 for
Teacher ask student to do the reflection please do at home and hand in your
exercise give the reflection as reflection tomorrow morning in my office
homework.
9. Confirmation Please, someone of you share the answer to the
Teacher ask student to share class..
the answer to the class and give
clarification.

Closing ( 3 minutes)
No. Activities Teacher’s Language
1. Teacher ask student to make lets summarize our lesson today...
conclusion
2. Propose the next topic That’s all the time we have for today. For next
week please form the group of ... students and
please found electrolyte solution concept and
redoks concept into environment problem
solving, and please get ready to present your
paper in the class.
3. Leave Taking See you later.

Learning Source
Justiana, Sandri and Muchtaridi. 2009. Chemistry for Senior High School 1 Year X.
Jakarta: Yudhistira.
Purba, Michael. 2007. Kimia untuk SMA Kelas X Semester 1. Jakarta: Penerbit
Erlangga.
Sunardi. 2007. Kimia Bilingual Untuk SMA/ MA Kelas X Semester 1 dan 2. Jakarta:
Yrama Widya.
Tim Penyusun. 2010. Kreatif Kimia untuk SMA/ MA Kelas X Semester Gasal. Klaten:
Viva Pakarindo.
Assessment :
Cognitive : The result of exercise (page 247, page 255 and the reflection, page 261,
page 265 for reflection, Chemistry for Senior High School 1 Year X, Yudhistira)
Psycomotoric (enclosure)
Division of matter that present:
1. Corrosion of iron metal
2. Clothes Bleaching
3. The accumulator electrocuting
4. Redox reaction in metals extraction
5. Redox reaction in silvers Recycle
Affective : Attendance
Psycomotoric
Perception sheet of students
Having a Correct
No Name Participation Asking Average
notion reactions

Assessment scale:
1 : Very less
2 : Less
3 : Enough
4 : Good
5 : Very good