5 tayangan

Diunggah oleh Pavao Gos

Tutorial

- e_TDS4090-38414_Q235
- 9 Headed Anchor Design
- Homework 12 Solution
- ARE YOU PROPERLY SPECIFYING MATERIALS? 3 of 3
- sbsfid12683dif.pdf
- Steel Module 2
- IJCIET_09_03_034
- CSW_PRODUCT_GUIDE.pdf
- Arthur Godwin Addiah
- 05210 - Steel Joists - MST.pdf
- Base Plate
- MSB05 Joint Design 2010-08-05 PDF
- Report of the Panel of Enquiry Into The Fire Incident at City Hall, Lagos , June, 1998-
- Govind Paper (2)
- Bollard Column Base Plate (Fixed Type)
- 6 Some Important Features of Stone Column Treatment
- Civl Items Detail With Spec
- Std Dims - Bldg Structures
- desgin of a flat slab
- Cutoff Saw

Anda di halaman 1dari 13

TENSION AND SHEAR LOADING

Summary

The objective of this study is verification of CBFEM IDEA RS software with component method.

Description of verified connection: open section steel column is anchored with four anchor bolts to

concrete pad; the column is loaded by tension and shear forces.

Inputs

Compressed plates are designed as maximal 3rd class to avoid stability problems.

The study was performed for parameters: dimensions of concrete pad, concrete grade, anchor

dimensions, anchor steel grade.

Component method

Five components are examined: column web panel in shear, anchor bolts in tension, anchor bolts in

shear, anchor bolts in bearing and welds.

All components are designed according to EN 1993-1-8 [1] and ETAG 001 – Annex C [2].

Resistances related to concrete failure are designed according to European Technical Approval

Guidelines ETAG 001 Guideline for European Technical Approval of Metal Anchors for Use in Concrete

– Annex C: Design Methods for Anchorages. “Steel failure”, “Pull-out failure”, “Concrete cone failure”

and “Splitting failure” are relevant for tension loading. “Steel failure, shear load without lever arm”,

“Steel failure, shear load with lever arm”, “Concrete pry-out failure” and “Concrete edge failure” are

relevant for shear loading of anchor bolts.

Column web panel in shear

Component “Column web panel in shear” is designed according to EN 1993-1-8 – 6.2.6.1.

Base plate in bending under tension

Component “Base plate in bending under tension” is designed according to EN 1993-1-8 – 6.2.6.11.

Component “Anchor bolts in tension” is designed in the software according to EN 1993-1-8 – 6.2.6.12.

• Tension resistance:

𝑘2 ∙ 𝑓𝑢𝑏 ∙ 𝐴𝑠

𝐹𝑡,𝑅𝑑 =

𝛾𝑀2

• Punching shear resistance:

0.6 ∙ 𝜋 ∙ 𝑑𝑚 ∙ 𝑡𝑝 ∙ 𝑓𝑢

𝐵𝑝,𝑅𝑑 =

𝛾𝑀2

Steel failure

Eurocodes do not refer sufficiently to concrete resistances in tension loading and interaction of shear

and tension loading. Therefore, the ETAG 001 – Annex C – 5.2.2.2 is used in this study for hand

calculations of steel failure mode for consistency. Software uses the standard Eurocode assessment.

1

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

Pull-out failure

Pull-out failure of anchor bolts loaded by tension is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex C –

5.2.2.3. This failure mode is dependent on anchor type. It is presumed that the resistance will be

provided by manufacturer.

Concrete cone failure of anchor bolts loaded by tension is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex C

– 5.2.2.4.

Splitting failure

Splitting failure of anchor bolts loaded by tension is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex C – 5.2.2.5

Splitting failure due to installation and 5.2.2.6 Splitting failure due to loading. This failure mode is

relevant for anchorage to thin concrete columns or beams and is dependent on anchor type.

Anchor bolts in shear

Component “Anchor bolts in shear” can be designed according to EN 1993-1-8 – 6.2.2.

𝛼𝑣 ∙ 𝑓𝑢𝑏 ∙ 𝐴

𝐹1,𝑣𝑏,𝑅𝑑 =

𝛾𝑀2

𝛼𝑏𝑐 ∙ 𝑓𝑢𝑏 ∙ 𝐴𝑠

𝐹2,𝑣𝑏,𝑅𝑑 =

𝛾𝑀2

𝛼𝑏𝑐 = 0,44 − 0,0003 ∙ 𝑓𝑦𝑏

𝐹1,𝑣𝑏,𝑅𝑑

𝐹𝑣𝑏,𝑅𝑑 = min { }

𝐹2,𝑣𝑏,𝑅𝑑

Eurocodes do not refer to steel resistance with lever arm, concrete resistances in shear loading and

interaction of shear and tension loading. Therefore, ETAG 001 – Annex C – 5.2.3 is used.

Steel failure of anchor bolts loaded by shear without lever arm is designed according to ETAG 001 –

Annex C – 5.2.3.2.

Steel failure of anchor bolts loaded by shear with lever arm is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex

C – 5.2.3.2.

Concrete pry-out failure of anchor bolts loaded by shear is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex C

– 5.2.3.3.

Concrete edge failure caused by anchor bolts loaded by shear is designed according to ETAG 001 –

Annex C – 5.2.3.4.

Resistance to combined tension and shear loads is designed according to ETAG 001 – Annex C – 5.2.4.

2

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

Component “Anchor bolts in bearing” is designed according to EN 1993-1-8 – 6.2.2.

Fillet weld

The weld is closed around a cross-section of the column.

The thickness of the weld on the flanges is the same as the thickness of the weld on the web.

Shear force is transferred only by welds on the web and plastic stress distribution is considered.

ETAG 001 – Annex C uses different partial safety factors than Eurocodes. The safety factors are

explained below.

1,2

Tension loading: 𝛾𝑀𝑠 = 𝑓 ≥ 1,4

𝑦𝑘 ⁄𝑓𝑢𝑘

Shear loading:

1,0

𝛾𝑀𝑠 = ≥ 1,25 for 𝑓𝑢𝑘 ≤ 800 MPa and 𝑓𝑦𝑘 /𝑓𝑢𝑘 ≤ 0,8

𝑓𝑦𝑘 /𝑓𝑢𝑘

𝛾𝑀𝑠 = 1,5 for 𝑓𝑢𝑘 > 800 MPa or 𝑓𝑦𝑘 /𝑓𝑢𝑘 > 0,8

𝛾𝑀𝑐 = 𝛾𝑐 ∙ 𝛾2

Tension loading:

𝛾2 = 1,4 for systems with low but still acceptable installation safety

3

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

An example of component method design is shown on the anchorage of column steel section HEB 300

with base plate anchored by four anchor bolts M20 8.8 with effective length 400 mm to concrete pad

from concrete grade C20/25. The shear load is transferred via anchor bolts. The base plate dimensions

are 500 x 500 x 25 mm. The concrete pad dimensions are 900 mm width, 900 mm length and 800 mm

height. The verification studies of components “Column web panel in shear”, “Base plate in bending

under tension”, “Anchor bolts in bearing” and “Welds” are shown elsewhere. This study is focused on

anchor bolts in tension and shear.

According to ETAG 001 – Annex C four proofs are required for tension loading:

1. Steel failure

2. Pull-out failure

3. Concrete cone failure

4. Splitting failure

According to ETAG 001 – Annex C three proofs are required for shear loading:

5. Steel failure, shear load with lever arm

6. Concrete pry-out failure

7. Concrete edge failure

Additionally the tension and shear load interaction has to be taken into account:

8. Resistance to combined tension and shear loads

The approach in ETAG 001 assumes rigid base plate. The tension and shear loads acting on column are

𝑁𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 40 kN and 𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 40 kN, respectively.

1. Steel failure

The tension load is uniformly distributed over all anchor bolts, thus force acting on one bolt is

𝑁𝑐,𝐸𝑑 40

𝑁𝐸𝑑 = = = 10 kN

𝑛𝑏 4

𝑛𝑏 … number of bolts

𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑠 196

𝑁𝐸𝑑 = 10 kN ≤ = = 130.667 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑠 1.25

𝑁 10

Utilization: 𝑁 𝐸𝑑 = 130.667 = 7.65 %

𝑅𝑑,𝑠

𝑘2 ∙ 𝑓𝑢𝑏 ∙ 𝐴 0.9 ∙ 800 ∙ 245

𝐹𝑡,𝑅𝑑 = 0.85 ∙ = 0.85 ∙ = 119.952 kN

𝛾𝑀2 1.25

𝑁𝐸𝑑 = 10 kN ≤ 𝐹𝑡,𝑅𝑑 = 119.952 kN

𝑁 10

Utilization: 𝐹 𝐸𝑑 = 119.952 = 8.34 %

𝑡,𝑅𝑑

4

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

2. Pull-out failure

Anchor bolts are close to each other, group of anchors have one common concrete cone.

𝑐𝑚𝑎𝑥 370

∙ ℎ𝑒𝑓 = ∙ 400 = 246.7 mm

′ 𝑐𝑐𝑟,𝑁 1.5 ∙ 400

ℎ𝑒𝑓 = max = 246.7 mm

𝑠𝑚𝑎𝑥 400

∙ ℎ𝑒𝑓 = ∙ 400 = 133.3 mm

{ 𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁 3 ∙ 400 }

′

′

ℎ𝑒𝑓 246.7

𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁 = ∙ 𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁 = ∙ 3 ∙ 400 = 740 mm

ℎ𝑒𝑓 400

′ ′

𝑐𝑐𝑟,𝑁 = 0.5 ∙ 𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁 = 0.5 ∙ 740.1 = 370 mm

0 ′ 1.5

𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑐 = 𝑘1 ∙ √𝑓𝑐𝑘,𝑐𝑢𝑏𝑒 ∙ ℎ𝑒𝑓 = 7.2 ∙ √25 ∙ 246.71.5 = 139.47 kN

2

𝐴0𝑐,𝑁 = 𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁

′

= 7402 = 547600 mm2

𝑐 250

𝛹𝑠,𝑁 = 0.7 + 0.3 ∙ ′ = 0.7 + 0.3 ∙ = 0.903 ≤ 1

𝑐𝑐𝑟,𝑁 370

ℎ𝑒𝑓

𝛹𝑟𝑒,𝑁 = 0.5 + = 1.734 > 1 → 𝛹𝑟𝑒,𝑁 = 1

200

1 1

𝛹𝑒𝑐,𝑁 = 𝑒𝑁 = =1≤1

1+2∙ ′ 0

𝑠𝑐𝑟,𝑁 1 + 2 ∙

740

0

𝐴𝑐,𝑁 810000

𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑐 = 𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑐 ∙ 0 ∙ 𝛹𝑠,𝑁 ∙ 𝛹𝑟𝑒,𝑁 ∙ 𝛹𝑒𝑐,𝑁 = 139.47 ∙ 547600 ∙ 0.903 ∙ 1 ∙ 1 = 186.224 kN

𝐴𝑐,𝑁

𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑐 186.224

𝑁𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 40 kN ≤ = = 103.458 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑐 1.8

𝑁 40

Utilization: 𝑁𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 103.458 = 38.66 %

𝑅𝑑,𝑐

4. Splitting failure

Splitting failure will not occur; the edge distance is in all directions 𝑐 ≤ 𝑐𝑐𝑟,𝑠𝑝 and the concrete pad

height is ℎ ≥ 2 ∙ ℎ𝑒𝑓 .

The shear load is uniformly distributed over all anchor bolts, thus force acting on one bolt is

𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 40

𝑉𝐸𝑑 = = = 10 kN

𝑛𝑏 4

5

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

𝑁𝑅𝑘,𝑠 196

𝑁𝑅𝑑,𝑠 = = = 156.8 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑠 1.25

𝜋 ∙ 𝑑3 𝜋 ∙ 203

𝑊𝑒𝑙 = = = 785 mm3

32 32

0

𝑀𝑅𝑘,𝑠 = 1.2 ∙ 𝑊𝑒𝑙 ∙ 𝑓𝑢𝑘 = 1.2 ∙ 785 ∙ 800 = 0.754 kNm

0

𝑁𝐸𝑑 10

𝑀𝑅𝑘,𝑠 = 𝑀𝑅𝑘,𝑠 ∙ (1 − ) = 0.754 ∙ (1 − ) = 0.706 kNm

𝑁𝑅𝑑,𝑠 156.8

20 25

𝑙 = 𝑎3 + 𝑒1 = + 30 + = 52.5 mm

2 2

𝛼𝑀 ∙ 𝑀𝑅𝑘,𝑠 2 ∙ 0.706 ∙ 106

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑠 = = = 26.891 kN

𝑙 52.5

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑠 26.891

𝑉𝐸𝑑 = 10 kN ≤ = = 21.513 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑠 1.25

𝑉 10

Utilization: 𝑉 𝐸𝑑 = 21.513 = 46.48 %

𝑅𝑑,𝑠

The shear load is uniformly distributed over all anchor bolts. Concrete cone failure resistance is

calculated according to 5.2.2.3 and is shown in point 3. All four anchors act as a group and have one

common cone.

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐𝑝 372.448

𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 40 kN ≤ = = 248.299 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑐 1.5

𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 40

Utilization: = 248.299 = 16.11 %

𝑉𝑅𝑑,𝑐𝑝

6

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

The shear load acting on column is transferred by two anchor bolts only which are situated near the

edge in the direction of shear load.

0.5

𝑙𝑓 400 0.5

𝛼 = 0.1 ∙ ( ) = 0.1 ∙ ( ) = 0.126

𝑐1 250

𝛽 = 0.1 ∙ ( ) = 0.1 ∙ ( ) = 0.060

𝑐1 250

𝛽

0

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐 = 𝑘1 ∙ 𝑑𝑛𝑜𝑚 𝛼 ∙ ℎ𝑒𝑓 ∙ √𝑓𝑐𝑘,𝑐𝑢𝑏𝑒 ∙ 𝑐11.5 = 1.7 ∙ 200.126 ∙ 4000.060 ∙ √25 ∙ 2501.5 = 70.207 kN

𝑐2 370

𝛹𝑠,𝑉 = 0.7 + 0.3 ∙ = 0.7 + 0.3 ∙ = 0.996 ≤ 1.0

1.5 ∙ 𝑐1 1.5 ∙ 250

𝛹ℎ,𝑉 = √ =√ = 0.685 < 1.0 → 𝛹ℎ,𝑉 = 1.0

ℎ 800

1 1

𝛹𝛼,𝑉 = √ =√ = 1.0 ≥ 1.0

sin 𝛼𝑉 sin 0°

(cos 𝛼𝑉 )2 + ( ) (cos 0°)2 + ( )

2.5 2.5

1 1

𝛹𝑒𝑐,𝑉 = = = 1.0 ≤ 1.0

1 + 2 ∙ 𝑒𝑉 1+2∙0

3 ∙ 𝑐1 3 ∙ 250

𝛹𝑟𝑒,𝑉 = 1.0 … anchorage in cracked concrete without edge reinforcements or stirrups

0

𝐴𝑐,𝑉

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐 = 𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐 ∙ ∙ 𝛹𝑠,𝑉 ∙ 𝛹ℎ,𝑉 ∙ 𝛹𝛼,𝑉 ∙ 𝛹𝑒𝑐,𝑉 ∙ 𝛹𝑟𝑒,𝑉

𝐴0𝑐,𝑉

337500

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐 = 70.207 ∙ ∙ 0.996 ∙ 1.0 ∙ 1.0 ∙ 1.0 ∙ 1.0 = 84.208 kN

281250

𝑉𝑅𝑘,𝑐 84.208

𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 = 40 kN ≤ = = 56.138 kN

𝛾𝑀𝑐 1.5

𝑉𝑐,𝐸𝑑 40

Utilization: = 56.138 = 71.25 %

𝑉𝑅𝑑,𝑐

7

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

0.8

0.6

βV

0.4

0.2

0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

βN

8

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

Combination of the advantages of both finite element method and analytical component method.

Shell elements, special spring and contact elements are calibrated using characteristics according to

the component method.

Elastic-plastic stress-strain diagram is used for material of shell elements. Assessment is based on the

maximum strain given according to EN 1993-1-5 [3] by value of 5%.

Bolts are modelled using special spring elements and assessment is carried out according to standard

procedures described in EN 1993-1-8.

The concrete pad is modelled using Winkler subsoil model. The stiffness is uniform with the value:

k

Ec

1

4

Abp h

( 1 ) 3

Aref 2 d

ν Poisson’s ratio

Abp Area under base plate

Aref Referential area

d Base plate width

h Concrete pad height

The following values for coefficient were used: Aref =10 m2; α1 =1.65; α2 = 0.5; α3 =0.3; α4 =1.0.

The Component based finite element method solution is shown on the example of the same anchorage

as shown in the analytical solution using component method:

9

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

In the CBFEM approach, the column and the base plate slightly deforms and the more accurate anchor

forces are used instead of simplified calculations of forces from above mentioned presumptions.

10

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

Sensitivity study

Results of CBFEM Idea RS software were compared with the results of the component method. The

comparison was focused on capacity and determination of the critical component.

The study was performed for parameters: anchor diameter, anchor steel grade concrete grade and

dimensions of concrete pad. The column was HEB 300 and the base plate had width and length 500 mm

and thickness 25 mm. The anchors were made of steel threaded rods M12, M20 and M30 grade 4.6,

6.8 and 8.8. The concrete pad was from grade C16/20, C25/30 and C35/45. The concrete pad height

was for all cases 800 mm and width and length was 200 mm, 300 mm and 400 mm larger than the

dimensions of the base plate. The grout material properties were assumed as insufficient and thus the

shear force was acting with the lever arm. The grout thickness was 30 mm. The parameters are

summarized in tab. 1. Welds were the same around the whole column section. The fillet welds had the

throat thickness a = 8 mm. Systems with normal installation safety are used and thus the partial safety

factor γ2 =1.2.

Table 1: Selected parameters

anchor steel grade 4.6 6.8 8.8

concrete grade C16/20 C25/30 C35/45

concrete pad offset 200 mm 300 mm 400 mm

The resistances determined by component method are in tab. 2. The column was loaded by tension

force Nc,Ed = 40 kN and shear force Vc,Ed = 40 kN. One parameter was changed and the others were held

constant at the middle value. Values in table are recalculated on one anchor bolt. Ft,Rd is steel tension

resistance according to EN 1993-1-8. Following resistances are according to ETAG. NRd,s is steel tension

resistance, NRd,c concrete cone resistance, VRd,s is the steel resistance, shear load with lever arm, VRd,cp

is the concrete pry-out resistance and VRd,c is the concrete edge resistance.

Table 2: Component method

Con.

Anchor Con. Ft,Rd NRd,s NRd,c/4 VRd,s VRd,cp/4 VRd,c/2

offset Interaction

bolts grade [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN]

[mm]

M12 6.8 C25/30 300 30,95 33,72 38,41 3,03 92,19 36,49 1095,36%

M20 6.8 C25/30 300 89,96 98,00 38,41 15,77 92,19 39,83 63,79%

M30 6.8 C25/30 300 206,00 224,40 38,41 51,13 92,19 42,80 45,23%

M20 4.6 C25/30 300 59,98 49,00 38,41 7,15 92,19 39,83 178,63%

M20 8.8 C25/30 300 119,95 130,67 38,41 21,51 92,19 39,83 48,86%

M20 6.8 C16/20 300 89,96 98,00 31,37 15,77 75,28 32,52 68,51%

M20 6.8 C35/45 300 89,96 98,00 47,05 15,77 112,91 48,78 60,30%

M20 6.8 C25/30 200 89,96 98,00 28,33 15,77 68,00 30,75 73,43%

M20 6.8 C25/30 400 89,96 98,00 49,43 15,77 118,63 49,75 59,60%

The model in Idea Connection was loaded by tension force Nc,Ed = 40 kN and shear force Vc,Ed = 40 kN.

The coefficient lowering the compressive strength of concrete due to grout βj = 0.67. Note that the

CBFEM obtains each bolt force with the effect of steel plate deformations and each bolt is checked

separately. There is only the most stressed bolt recorded into tab. 3. NEd is the tension force acting on

the most stressed bolt, VEd the shear force acting on the most stressed bolt, Ft,Rd the steel resistance in

11

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

tension, NRd,c the concrete cone resistance, VRd,s the steel resistance, shear load with lever arm, VRd,cp

the concrete pry-out resistance recalculated on one bolt and VRd,c is the concrete edge resistance for

recalculated on one bolt.

Table 3: CBFEM method

Con.

Anchor Con. NEd VEd Ft,Rd NRd,c VRd,s VRd,cp VRd,c

offset Interaction

bolts grade [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN] [kN]

[mm]

M12 6.8 C25/30 300 11,80 10,51 30,85 38,41 2,61 92,20 42,50 1630,00%

M20 6.8 C25/30 300 11,80 11,14 89,96 38,41 15,16 92,20 48,30 80,00%

M30 6.8 C25/30 300 11,83 12,04 206,00 38,41 50,31 92,20 54,90 28,80%

M20 4.6 C25/30 300 11,79 10,87 59,98 38,41 9,42 92,20 48,30 231,10%

M20 8.8 C25/30 300 11,80 11,34 119,95 38,41 20,90 92,20 48,30 57,00%

M20 6.8 C16/20 300 11,81 11,14 89,96 31,37 15,16 75,30 39,40 86,20%

M20 6.8 C35/45 300 11,79 11,13 89,96 47,05 15,16 112,90 59,10 75,40%

M20 6.8 C25/30 200 11,80 11,14 89,96 28,33 15,16 68,00 32,30 89,80%

M20 6.8 C25/30 400 11,80 11,14 89,96 49,43 15,16 118,60 65,90 74,60%

Reliability

Reliability of CBFEM software is provided in accordance with the strategy of EC considering partial

safety factors.

Material safety factors according to EN 1993-1-8 and ETAG 001 – Annex C are used for design resistance

of the connection.

120.00

100.00

80.00

Idea Connection

VRd,s [kN]

NRd,c [kN]

60.00

Ft,Rd [kN]

VRd,cp [kN]

40.00 VRd,c [kN]

Interaction

20.00

0.00

0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00

ETAG 001 - Annex C

12

Brno University of Technology Column base: Open section column

The red and blue dashed lines correspond to the 110 % and 90 % value of resistance from component

method, respectively. The black dashed line corresponds to the complete compliance of the results of

analytical solution using component method and of Idea Connection software. All the resistances are

recalculated on one anchor bolt. The points above the red line have difference higher than 10 % and

are on the unsafe side. The results of Ft,Rd, NRd,c and VRd,cp shows perfect compliance. The program does

not simplify the distribution of forces on bolts as in ETAG 001 – Annex C. Thus, the tension and shear

forces from Idea Connection software acting on bolts are in average by 18 % and 11.6 % higher than

from analytical solution, respectively. The values of VRd,s, the steel resistance, shear load with lever

arm, differ by few percent, because the tension force in the software is higher. The results of concrete

edge resistance in CBFEM are higher (by 21 % on average) because the program does not distribute

the shear force only over the anchor bolts situated near the concrete edge. This simplification cannot

be used generally for all types of anchorages. Thus, the results of concrete edge resistance might lead

to unsafe design but the program uses more sophisticated force distribution on anchors and includes

the tensional forces that are neglected in analytical solution. The most important resistance to

combined tension and shear loads are in average by 20 % more conservative in Idea Connection

software.

Recapitulation

Verification studies confirmed the accuracy of the CBFEM IDEA RS software. Results of this software

were compared with the results of the component method recommended in EN 1993-1-8. Most of the

results differences are below 10 %, which is a generally acceptable value.

Reliability of CBFEM software is provided in accordance with the strategy of EC considering partial

safety factors.

References

[1] EN 1993-1-8. Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-8: Design of joints.

[2] ETAG 001: Guideline for European Technical Approval of Metal Anchors for Use in Concrete –

Annex C: Design Methods for Anchorages. Brussels: EOTA, 2010.

[3] EN 1993-1-5. Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-5: Plated structural elements.

13

- e_TDS4090-38414_Q235Diunggah olehstt85638
- 9 Headed Anchor DesignDiunggah olehKaew Gail
- Homework 12 SolutionDiunggah olehRonniel Martinez
- ARE YOU PROPERLY SPECIFYING MATERIALS? 3 of 3Diunggah olehv
- sbsfid12683dif.pdfDiunggah olehAlaa Salim
- Steel Module 2Diunggah olehdash1991
- IJCIET_09_03_034Diunggah olehSana Ullah
- CSW_PRODUCT_GUIDE.pdfDiunggah olehFajryansya Miftahul
- Arthur Godwin AddiahDiunggah olehArthur DrKofi
- 05210 - Steel Joists - MST.pdfDiunggah olehwafikmh4
- Base PlateDiunggah olehSiwi Karuni
- MSB05 Joint Design 2010-08-05 PDFDiunggah olehseracor
- Report of the Panel of Enquiry Into The Fire Incident at City Hall, Lagos , June, 1998-Diunggah olehMrAyeDee
- Govind Paper (2)Diunggah olehGovinda
- Bollard Column Base Plate (Fixed Type)Diunggah olehGANESH
- 6 Some Important Features of Stone Column TreatmentDiunggah olehBilal Ahmed Barbhuiya
- Civl Items Detail With SpecDiunggah olehYash Dhabalia
- Std Dims - Bldg StructuresDiunggah olehWilfredoEnghoy
- desgin of a flat slabDiunggah olehAwais Safder Malik
- Cutoff SawDiunggah olehMike Nichlos
- SET_SpecDiunggah olehHitanshu
- Column Design- @ Design OfficeDiunggah olehShamen Amarasekara
- GN_2-12-secureDiunggah olehjoebriffa
- 2010 AISC Spec PresentationDiunggah olehJuanCarlos
- Shear Connection in Composite Bridge Beams - SteelconstructionDiunggah olehpatricklim1982
- Strainer SizingDiunggah olehaliscribd46
- Rcc PresentationDiunggah olehsujay
- is.5284.1969.pdfDiunggah olehak
- columnslecture1-140625043424-phpapp01Diunggah olehshenyang28
- 3521r_89Diunggah olehwut_eng

- Column Base Open Section Column Moment to Minor Axis and Axial ForceDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- handout_21869_ES21869-VanDerPloeg-AU2016.pdfDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Klase Posuda Pod PritiskomDiunggah olehSadmir Memcic
- Open Section Column Base in CompressionDiunggah olehIng Struc-ture
- Potporni Zid PDFDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Bemessung Von Fussgängerbrücken-dynamische LastenDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Connection_EN.pdfDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- 1502391875186935Diunggah olehEglant Kodra
- einwirkungenDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- CSS_ENDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- v1 Se4166 Sofistik Lecture Au2011Diunggah olehPavao Gos
- Steelwork ConservationDiunggah olehEric Gret
- De TaljiDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Langhschnitt_01Diunggah olehPavao Gos
- längsschnittDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Column Base Open Section Column Moment to Minor Axis and Axial ForceDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Anchor Bolt in Combined Tension and ShearDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- 2. Predavanje MTDiunggah olehLara Ezgeta
- 11 - Stropne Konstrukcije-prezentacijaDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Potporni Zid Armatura i ProračunDiunggah olehNiđe Veze
- GI_5.vjezbe_SLOPE_W.pdfDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- BIM in Bridge Design_638318_FULLTEXT01.pdfDiunggah olehPaulo De Araujo Regis
- Ivsic Geo Inz Ec Tlo 2Diunggah olehkkklllyyy
- Anchor Bolt in ShearDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- 4 - Prefabricirani BetonDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- Eurocode 7: Geotechnical Design - Worked examplesDiunggah olehPanagiotis Xanthos
- montazna ab halaDiunggah olehVeselin Kekic
- Beweren con Stahlbetontragwerken nach DIN 1045-1.pdfDiunggah olehPavao Gos
- mtsDiunggah olehDorian Radmilović

- Practical-Guide-to-Finite-Elements.pdfDiunggah olehPratik Airborne
- E 132 – 04 ;RTEZMG__Diunggah olehÖzgür Eylem Albayrak
- ME2404 SET2.pdfDiunggah olehM.Saravana Kumar..M.E
- Fracture Resistance of Cracked Duplex Stainless Steel Elbows Under Bending With or Without Internal PressureDiunggah olehMohammed Eljammal
- Gate QuestionsDiunggah olehgaminigsuresh4069
- ConsolidationDiunggah olehDEBASIS
- Lec 3 - Hooke's lawDiunggah olehMawri
- BAR OF CONSTANT CS AREA (8 files merged).pdfDiunggah olehthouseef06
- G481 Mechanics Revision ChecklistDiunggah olehAmber
- 2010 APPENDIX 01-02-2010Diunggah olehHawkie
- OMAE2007_29703Diunggah olehdmlsfmm
- Guidelines CNR DT203 2006 EngDiunggah olehAtanasKostadinov
- Unit 2 qbDiunggah olehprasanthprp
- earmme_1Diunggah olehSagar Deshpande
- 132407988-Bamboo-as-a-Structural-Material.pdfDiunggah olehPrakriti Goel
- SOM Unit-I 2011-2012Diunggah olehVeeraraj Alagarsamy
- 143995803 Short Circuit Currents Calculation of Effects the Second Edition of Iec Publication 865Diunggah olehLuiz
- 62-176-1-PB.pdfDiunggah olehjuanomoran
- ME2140_Lab_1a.pdfDiunggah olehKenneth Knowles
- Ch9 ElasticityDiunggah olehDanya Gutierrez
- NonLinear Analysis of Concrete Filled Stainless Steel Tubular ColumnDiunggah olehIRJET Journal
- Coefficient of Compressibility Correlations of Soil and Rock Properties in Geotechnical EngineeringDiunggah olehTomasz Cz
- Nonlinear_FEA.pdfDiunggah olehmuhanned
- Zorn Elastic-fascia 2007Diunggah olehsvatantrayabhinava
- Pipeline Surge CalcDiunggah olehBassem Balghouthi
- barree2009.pdfDiunggah oleharief_7
- Theory of Shear Transfer Strength of Reinforced ConcreteDiunggah olehPremasiri Karunarathna
- 01. Springs and JointsDiunggah olehPremjith Sugunan
- Poulos 2018 Subgrade.pdfDiunggah olehWeimar Garcia
- s8(1)Diunggah olehsekson