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Interdisciplinary Nature of Power Electronics

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Converters
Electronic power converter is the term that is used to refer to a
power electronic circuit that converts voltage and current from
one form to another.

 Rectifier converting an ac voltage to a dc voltage


 Inverter converting a dc voltage to an ac voltage
 Chopper or a switch-mode power supply that converts a
dc voltage to another dc voltage
 Cycloconverter and cycloinverter converting an ac voltage
to another ac voltage.

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Rectifiers
Rectifiers may be classified as uncontrolled and controlled rectifiers.
Controlled rectifiers can be further divided into semi-controlled and fully-
controlled rectifiers. Uncontrolled rectifier circuits are built with diodes,
and fully-controlled rectifier circuits are built with SCRs.
Both diodes and SCRs are used in semi-controlled rectifier circuits.

 Single-phase semi-controlled bridge rectifier


 Single-phase fully-controlled bridge rectifier
 Three-phase three-pulse, star-connected rectifier
 Double three-phase, three-pulse star-connected rectifiers with inter-
phase transformer (IPT)
 Three-phase semi-controlled bridge rectifier
 Three-phase fully-controlled bridge rectifier
 Double three-phase fully-controlled bridge rectifiers with IPT.
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AC to DC CONVERSION
(RECTIFIER)

• Single-phase, half wave rectifier


– Uncontrolled: R load, R-L load, R-C load
– Controlled
– Free wheeling diode
• Single-phase, full wave rectifier
– Uncontrolled: R load, R-L load,
– Controlled
– Continuous and discontinuous current mode
• Three-phase rectifier
– uncontrolled
– controlled

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• DEFINITION: Converting AC (from
mains or other AC source) to DC power by
using power diodes or by controlling the
firing angles of thyristors/controllable
switches.
• Basic block diagram

AC input DC output
D

• Input can be single or multi-phase (e.g. 3-


phase).
• Output can be made fixed or variable
• Applications: DC welder, DC motor drive,
Battery charger,DC power supply, HVDC
Example

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AC to DC Conversion: Half-Wave Rectifier

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Full Wave Rectifier

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AC-DC Converter Circuit and Waveform

Figure 12.2

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Rectifier Connected to an Operation of a Freewheeling Diode
Inductive Load

Figure 12.17,
12.18

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Three-Phase Diode Bridge Waveforms and Conduction
Rectifier Times of Three-Phase Bridge
Rectifier

Figure
12.20,
12.21

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Half-Wave Controlled Rectifier
Controlled Rectifier Circuit
Waveforms

Figure 12.25, 12.26

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Three-phase rectifiers
D1
+ van -
io
D3

+ vbn - D5 vpn
n
+
- vo
+ vcn
D2 _

D6 vnn vo =vp -vn

D4

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Waveform Three-phase rectifiers

van vbn vcn


Vm

v vp
Vm

vn

v o =vp - vn

0 π 2π 3π 4π

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DC Motor Step-Down Chopper (Buck Converter)

E a  I a  Tm  wm
Figure
12.34, 12.35

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