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● Is the correct application of the

SACRAMENTALS Faith in moral living and in


➢ They are objects, actions, practices, worshipping.
places, and the like, that help us ● Integration of Doctrine, Morals,
become aware of Christ. Worship
➢ not instituted by Christ but by the
Church FAITH AND GOOD WORKS
➢ EXAMPLES: ➢ No prayer is vain no matter how often it
1. Blessings is repeated, as long as it follows the
● Homes, Cars, Buildings constants in prayer guides
2. Actions ➢ These are to be fostered in such a way
● Kneeling, Bowing that they do not distort authentic
3. Words Christian faith, nor remain superficial
● Prayers, Novena forms of worship….
4. Objects ➢ REFORM IN MARIAN PIETY
● Ashes, candles, cross 1. Stressing the uniqueness of the Gospel
5. Places over all messages.
● Church, Shrines 2. No one is obliged to believe in even the
6. Time officially recognized apparitions such as
● Liturgical Seasons Lourdes and Fatima.
3. The norm for judging apparitions is their
WORSHIP/PRAYER & MORAL LIFE conformity to the Gospel.
➢ Wholistic or Integral 4. Proper response is not fulfilled by
1. Doctrine merely erecting shrines or organizing
● dogmatism devotions, but by imitating Mary’s faith,
2. Moral hope, and love of God, and love of
● Activism neighbor
3. Worship
● Ritualism THE CHURCH AS COMMUNION OF HOLY
➢ The rule of prayer follows the rule of PEOPLE IN THREE STATES
doctrine 1. Those who are still pilgrims on earth
2. Those who are being purified
GENERAL GOALS OF THEOLOGY 3. Those who are already in glory
1. Orthodoxy
● Correct understanding of the
Faith
2. Orthopraxis
THE SEVEN
SACRAMENTS
2 KEY IDEAS BEHIND SACRAMENT
1. Sensible (visible)
2. Effective
CFC 1645
GROUNDED DIRECTLY IN BOTH:
1. Christ ETYMOLOGICAL/HISTORICAL
● The Primordial Sacrament BACKGROUND
● Prime = 1st Sacrament ➢ SACRAMENTAL PRINCIPLE
2. Church ● God makes use of material
● Basic or Fundamental Sacrament created reality as ways of his
● Meaning his body manifestation
➢ Council of Trent (1547)
CFC 1517 ● Defined the core of our
“The 7 Ritual Sacraments as actions of Christ sacramental theology and which
& of the Church which unite us to Christ by the finalized much of what we now
power of the Holy Spirit, and incorporate us teach and practice about the 7
into his Body, the Church.” sacraments
● Defined that there are 7
THE 7 SACRAMENTS sacraments
➢ Sacraments of Initiation ➢ Tertullian (160-230 AD)
1. Baptism ● Was instrumental in introducing
2. Confirmation the term “sacramentum” to
3. Holy Eucharist describe the rituals and practices
➢ Sacraments of Healing of the early Christian community
4. Reconciliation ➢ St. Augustine
5. Anointing of the Sick ● Was responsible for presenting a
➢ Sacraments of Commitments definition of sacraments
6. Matrimony ● “Sacraments are sacred signs
7. Holy Orders instituted by Christ to give grace”
a. Deacon ➢ Council of Lyons (1274)
b. Priest ● Declared that there are 7
c. Bishop Sacraments
➢ The Catholic Church simply lived the Jn. 20:19-23
sacramental mystery of Christ in the Mt. 16:13-19
various rites & liturgies of the Church 5. Anointing of the Sick
➢ “seven and only seven sacraments” Mk. 6:13
James 5:13-15
HOW DOES THE CHURCH CONTINUE TO ➢ Sacraments of Commitments
MAKE CHRIST PRESENT 6. Matrimony
1. By being his body Gen. 1:26-27
2. By celebrating the 7 sacraments Gen. 2:21-24
Mt. 19
CFC 1531 Eph. 5:21-31
“Sacrament is a saving SYMBOLIC ACT or A 7. Holy Orders
VISIBLE SIGN, arising from the ministry of Mt. 19
Christ and CONTINUED IN, BY, AND FOR Acts 6:6
THE CHURCH, which when received in faith, 1 Corin 7: 32-33
fashions us into likeness to christ, in his
paschal mystery through the power of the holy BAPTISM
spirit” ➢ Matter
● Water
EX OPERE OPERATO ➢ Form
➢ “By the work worked” ● “(Name) I baptize you in the
name of the Father and of the
EX OPERE OPERANTIS Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
➢ “By the work of the worker” ➢ Minister
● Priest
BASIC BIBLICAL REFERENCES ➢ Baptizein (Greek) = “to plunge”
➢ Sacraments of Initiation ➢ Symbolizes washing, cleansing,
1. Baptism refreshment, sustenance, purification
Mt. 28:16-20 and even death.
2. Confirmation ➢ Recognizes that baptism is above all a
Lk. 4:16-19 free gift of God’s grace, not something
Acts 2:1 merited.
Acts 8:14-17 ➢ Baptism is necessary for salvation for
Acts 19:4-6 those to whom the Gospel has been
3. Holy Eucharist proclaimed & who have had the
Jn 6:30-68 possibility of asking for this sacrament.
Lk 22:19
➢ Sacraments of Healing
4. Reconciliation
➢ Unbaptized Children 3.The baptized becomes a “new
● We entrust the unbaptized creature”
children who have died to God’s 4. Incorporation into the Church,
mercy -(CFC 1621, 1619) the Body of Christ
➢ The struggle against sin must go on, but
now the baptized are CONFIRMATION
1.marked with Christ ➢ Matter
2.indwelt by the Spirit ● Holy Chrism (oil)
3.supported by the Christian ➢ Form
community ● “(Name) be sealed with the gift of
➢ EFFECTS OF BAPTISM: the holy spirit.”
1.We receive sanctifying grace ➢ Minister
● Bishop
● GRACE ➢ The Holy Chrism is blessed on Holy
heals and elevates the soul in a Thursday
supernatural level--a participation ➢ It is the sacrament in which through the
in the nature of God. power of the Holy Spirit, a baptized
● 2 Kinds of Grace: person is drawn into closer union with
(i) Sanctifying Grace or Habitual the Church & endowed with the strength
Grace is habitual orientation to actively spread the Gospel.
towards God, because it is a ➢ GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:
permanent share in the Divine 1.Wisdom (right judgment,
life. prudence, good common
(1) Makes us adopted children sense-right action)
of God. 2.Understanding
(2) Makes us heirs of heaven. 3.Knowledge
(3) Makes us sisters/brothers 4.Counsel (direction, advice,
of Christ, and, in Christ. guidance)
(4) Makes us living temple of 5.Fortitude / Courage
the Trinity. 6.Piety (godliness, devoutness,
(b) Actual Grace holiness)
supernatural help of God which 7.Fear of the Lord / Reverence
enlightens our mind and ➢ Fruits of the Holy Spirit
strengthens our will to do good 1.Love
and avoid evil. 2.Patience
3.Goodness
2.Forgiveness of sins, both 4.Modesty
original and personal sin, as well 5.Joy
as all punishment for sin. 6.Kindness
7. Meekness 3. Presence Sacrament
8. Purity ➢ Presence of Jesus Christ in the
9. Peace Eucharist:
10. Generosity ● Assembly
11. Mildness ● Minister (priest)
12. Faithfulness ● Holy Scriptures
➢ How Godparents for Baptism and ● Eucharistic species of bread &
Confirmation to be chosen? wine
● 16 years old ➢ TRANSUBSTANTIATION
● Good-living Catholics who have ● it is a singular & wondrous
been confirmed conversion of the bread & wine
● Capable & sincerely intending to into the body and blood of Jesus
help the godchild to faithfully live although the external appearance
out the duties of Christian life. remains the same
-Council of Trent
HOLY EUCHARIST ➢ 2 MAIN PARTS OF THE MASS
➢ Matter ● Liturgy of the WORD
● Bread and Wine ● Liturgy of the Eucharist
➢ Form
● “This is my body/blood….which RECONCILIATION
will be given up to you” ➢ Matter
➢ Minister ● Confession of sins
● Priest ➢ Form
➢ Eucharist = Eucharistein (Greek) = ● “I absolve you from your sins in
“Thanksgiving or giving thanks” the name of the Father, and of
➢ Euology = Berakhah (Hebrew) = the Sin and of the Holy Spirit”
“blessing” ➢ Minister
➢ The Lord’s Supper, the New Passover ● Priest
or Passover of the Lord ➢ It is the sacrament through which we:
➢ AGAPE ● Obtain pardon from our sins after
● “love feast” Baptism & for which we are truly
● the unity and sharing of the repentant
community in their gathering. ● And are reconciled with the
➢ MEMORIAL Christian community, the Church
● signifies the institution of the ➢ The father reconciles us to Himself
Eucharist in memory of Christ. through CHRIST who empowered his
➢ The Eucharist as: apostles with the HOLY SPIRIT FOR
1. Sacrifice Sacrament THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS.
2. Communion Sacrament
ANOINTING OF THE SICK ➢ Viaticum
➢ Matter ● Communion for the sick or dying,
● Holy Oil giving in conjunction with the
➢ Form sacrament of the sick
● “Through this holy anointing may
the Lord in his love and mercy
help you with the grace of the
Holy Spirit. May the Lord who
frees you from sin save you and
raise you up”
➢ Minister
● Priest
➢ 3 Universal Human Experiences:
● Suffering
● Sickness
● Death
➢ The sacrament of Anointing strengthens
our faith and trust in God when we are
seriously ill or dying or weakened by old
age.
➢ When can it be celebrated?
● During times of illness and
physical suffering.
● Before major surgeries.
● During the recovery process.
● When a person is seriously ill or
dying.
● When a person is presumed alive
➢ Effects of Anointing of the Sick
● The strengthening of our faith
and soul
● The forgiveness of our sins
● Courage to face our fears and
temptations
● Healing spiritual or physical
● Peace in the face of death