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KELOMPOK 5

KELAS B
KOMODITAS SAPI PERAH

TAUFAN MARTIYAS 200110150078


CHALIDA ROHMAH 200110150079
FAHIRA SAFITRI 200110150081
2

Tabel 1. Asumsi, Koefisien Teknis dan Zooteknis


No Asumsi dan Koefisien
Volume Satuan
A Koefisien Teknis
1 Induk Sapi Produktif 120 ekor
2 Luas Kandang
Dara/bakalan 3 m2/ekor
Laktasi 3.5 m2/ekor
Melahirkan 5 m2/ekor
Karantina 3 m2/ekor
Pedet 1.5 m2/ekor
3 Luas Total Kandang
Dara/bakalan 90 m2
Laktasi 105 m2
Melahirkan 50 m2
Karantina 90 m2
Pedet 18 m2
4 Kebutuhan konsentrat
Induk 12 kg/ekor/hr
Dara/dara bunting/kering kandang 10.5 kg/ekor/hr
Pedet (Calf Starter) 2.4 kg/ekor/hr
pedet baru lahir 0.9 kg/ekor/hr
5 Kebutuhan hijauan
Induk/induk bunting 40 kg/ekor/hr
Dara/dara bunting 35 kg/ekor/hr
Pedet 8 kg/ekor/hr
Kering Kandang 35 kg/ekor/hr
6 Paket peralatan kandang
Timbangan digital 1 unit
Sapu lidi 1 unit/kandang
Sekop 2 unit/kandang
Selang 10 m/kandang
Kereta dorong 1 unit/ kandang
Ember 2 unit/kandang
Sepatu boat 1 unit/orang
wearpack 1 unit/orang
copper 1 unit
mesin perah 2 unit/kandang laktasi
milkcan 40 L 4 unit/ kandang laktasi
7 Instalasi
Instalasi air 1 unit/kandang
Instalasi listrik 2 unit/kandang
8 Kebutuhan bangunan
Kantor 30 m2
Gudang 40 m2
Mess 20 m2
dapur 16 m2
kamar susu 20 m2
Pos Keamanan 6 m2
Pengolahan limbah 2700 m3
9 Transportasi
Truk susu 1 unit
Truk 1 unit
Bensin copper 30 liter/bulan
bensin truk 70 liter/bulan
total Bensin 100 liter/bulan
10 Peralatan kantor
Komputer 4 unit
11 Luas Lahan 10 m2/ekor

B Koefisien Zooteknis Volume Satuan


1 Lama Bunting 10 bulan
2 Selang Beranak 13 bulan
3 Involusi Uteri 3 bulan
4 pemeliharaan pedet jantan 3 bulan
5 umur kawin pertama 18 bulan
6 Lama Laktasi 10 bulan
7 rata-rata produksi susu 30 liter/hari
8 sex ratio jantan 0.5 %
9 sex ratio betina 0.5 %
10 s/c 1 kali
11 kematian pedet 10% %
12 Produksi susu laktasi 30 liter/ekor/hari
13 Produksi susu kering kandang 0 liter/ekor/hari
14 Produksi Feses 8% /bb/ekor/hari
15 replacement stock 80%
16 pemberian susu pedet 5 liter/ekor/hari
17 satuan ternak
18 dewasa 1 st
19 dara 0.5 st
20 pedet 0.25 st

1
2

21 populasi total 500 ekor

C Asumsi Harga Satuan


1 induk sapi produktif 17,000,000 rp/ekor
Sapi Afkir 8,750,000 rp/ekor
Pedet 5,000,000 rp/ekor
2 Semen/IB 150,000 rp/ekor/bunting
3 Kandang 900,000 m2/ekor
4 Kebutuhan konsentrat 2,500 kg/ekor
calf Starter 2,500 kg/ekor
5 Kebutuhan hijauan 300 kg/ekor
6 Paket peralatan kandang
Timbangan digital 6,000,000 unit
Sapu lidi 3,000 rp/unit
Sekop 30,000 rp/unit
Selang 10,000 rp/unit
Kereta dorong 300,000 rp/unit
Ember 10,000 rp/unit
Sepatu boat 60,000 rp/unit
wearpack 100,000 rp/unit
copper 2,100,000 rp/unit
mesin perah 9,500,000 rp/unit
milkcan 40 L 1,000,000 rp/buah
7 Instalasi
Instalasi air 1,000,000 rp/kandang
Instalasi listrik 1,500,000 rp/kandang
8 bangunan 950,000 m2
9 Transportasi
Truk susu 380,000,000 rp/unit
Truk 280,000,000 unit
Bensin 5,150 rp/liter
10 Peralatan kantor
Komputer 10,000,000 unit
11 Tenaga kerja
Manajer 4,500,000 orang/bulan
Staf 2,800,000 orang/bulan
Anak kandang 2,700,000 orang/bulan
Satpam 2,500,000 orang/bulan
Dokter Hewan 4,000,000 orang/bulan
12 lahan 1,500 rp/m2/th
13 obat-obatan 50,000 rp/ekor/th
14 nilai sisa sapi (salvage value) 8,750,000 rp/ekor
15 susu 6,000 rp/liter
16 feses 500 rp/kg
17 listrik 75,000 rp/ekor/tahun
18 pdam 150,000 rp/ekor/tahun
19 1 bulan 30 hari
20 1 tahun 365 hari
21 jumlah total kandang
Dara/bakalan 2
Laktasi 2
Melahirkan 1
Karantina 1
Pedet 2
total kandang 8
22 Tenaga kerja
Manajer 1 orang
Staf 2 orang
Anak kandang 2 orang/kandang
Satpam 1 orang
Inseminator 1 orang
Dokter Hewan 1 orang
23 jangka waktu pinjaman uang 5 tahun
24 bunga bank 0.1 persen/tahun
25 populasi 1 kandang 50 ekor
26 melahirkan dalam 1 minggu 40%
27 modal sndiri 0
28 kebutuhan hijauan 10%
29 Kebutuhan konsentrat 3%
30 bobot badan
laktasi 400 kg
dara 250 kg
dara bunting 350 kg
pedet baru lahir 30 kg
pedet >3 bulan 80 kg
kering kandang 400 kg

1
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Tabel 2. Dinamika Populasi

I II
NO Struktur Populasi 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6

1 Sapi Produktif
Laktasi F 120 120 120 120 120 120 120
laktasi F11
Laktasi F12

2 Dara Bunting
F 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120
F11
F12
F13
F14
F2111
3 Dara
F11
F12
F13
F14
F2111

4 Pedet Lepas Sapih >3 Bulan


F11 43 43 43 43
F12
F13
F14
F2111
F2112
F2121
5 Pedet Baru Lahir
Betina
F11 54 54 54
F12
F13
F14
F15
F2111
F2112
F2121
Jantan
F11 54 54 54
F12
F13
F14
F15
F2111
F2112
F2121
Penjualan
Pedet Betina
F11 11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F2111
F2112
F2121
Pedet Jantan
F11 54
F12
F13
F14
F15
F2111
F2112
F2121

Muda
Induk Afkir Setelah Laktasi Ke-8

Jumlah Populasi Akhir Tahun 0 0 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 228 228 228 163 163 163 163

Melahirkan
days open
kering kandang
IB
II III IV
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6

120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120
43 43 43 43 43

43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43
43 43

43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43 43

43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43

16 16
54 54 54
54 54 54

19 19 19

54 54 54
54 54 54

19 19 19

11
11

54
54

19

163 163 163 163 163 271 271 271 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 314 314 353 288 288 265 265
IV V
7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120
43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43

43 43 43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43

16 16 16 16 16 16

43 43 43 43 43
43
16 16 16 16 16

43 43 43 43 43
43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43
16 16 16 16 16 16 16
16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
54 54 54
54

19 19 19
19 19 19

54 54 54
54

19 19 19
19 19 19

11

4
4
54

19
19

265 265 265 265 265 373 373 451 386 386 339 339 339 339 339 339 339 447
Proyeksi Kebutuhan Input

Tahun I Hijauan (kg) Konsentrat (kg) tenaga kerja IB bensin (L) st (bulan 12)
1 0 0
2 0 0
3 126,000 37,800 30
4 126,000 37,800 30
5 126,000 37,800 30
6 126,000 37,800 30
7 126,000 37,800 30
8 126,000 37,800 30
9 126,000 37,800 30
10 126,000 37,800 30
11 126,000 37,800 30
12 144,000 50,976 100
Total 1,278,000 391,176 8 0 370 147
Tahun II Hijauan (kg) Konsentrat (kg) tenaga kerja IB bensin (L) st (bulan 12)
1 144,000 50,976 100
2 144,000 50,976 100
3 154,368 46,310 120 100
4 154,368 46,310 100
5 154,368 46,310 100
6 154,368 46,310 100
7 154,368 46,310 100
8 154,368 46,310 100
9 154,368 46,310 100
10 154,368 46,310 100
11 154,368 46,310 100
12 189,360 64,584 100
Total 1,866,672 583,330 8 120 1,200 169
Tahun III Hijauan (kg) Konsentrat (kg) tenaga kerja IB bensin (L) st (bulan 12)
1 189,360 64,584 100
2 189,360 64,584 100
3 199,728 59,918 120 100
4 199,728 59,918 100
5 199,728 59,918 43 100
6 199,728 59,918 100
7 199,728 59,918 100
8 199,728 59,918 100
9 199,728 59,918 100
10 199,728 59,918 100
11 199,728 59,918 100
12 234,720 78,192 100
Total 2,410,992 746,626 8 163 1,200 190
Tahun IV Hijauan (kg) Konsentrat (kg) tenaga kerja IB bensin (L) st (bulan 12)
1 234,720 78,192 100
2 241,200 139,363 100
3 251,568 78,270 120 100
4 251,568 78,270 100
5 255,300 76,590 86 100
6 255,300 76,167 100
7 255,300 76,167 100
8 255,300 76,167 100
9 255,300 76,167 100
10 255,300 76,167 100
11 255,300 76,167 100
12 290,292 94,864 100
Total 3,056,452 1,002,551 8 206 1,200 237
Tahun V Hijauan (kg) Konsentrat (kg) tenaga kerja IB bensin (L) st (bulan 12)
1 290,292 94,864 100
2 309,370 151,325 100
3 319,738 100,649 120 100
4 319,738 110,955 100
5 327,203 98,161 130 100
6 327,203 98,161 100
7 327,203 98,161 16 100
8 327,203 98,161 100
9 327,203 98,161 100
10 327,203 98,161 100
11 327,203 98,161 100
12 316,835 102,826 0 100
Total 3,846,390 1,247,745 8 265 1,200 271
Tabel 3. Proyeksi Investasi, Biaya dan manfaat

Tahun
No Uraian
1 2 3 4 5
A Benefit
1 susu 550,800,000 6,188,400,000 6,188,400,000 8,416,224,000 10,644,048,000
2 feses 515,088,000 753,148,800 967,766,400 1,212,523,776 1,541,510,784
3 pedet 0 324,000,000 324,000,000 440,640,000 557,280,000
4 afkir 0 0 0 0 0
total 1,065,888,000 7,265,548,800 7,480,166,400 10,069,387,776 12,742,838,784
B1 Biaya Investasi
1 Lahan 37,500,000
2 Bangunan 3,231,912,000
3 Mesin-mesin 21,100,000
4 instalasi air 8,440,000
5 instalasi listrik 25,320,000
6 transportasi 660,000,000
7 komputer 40,000,000
Total A 4,024,272,000 0 0 0 0

B2 Biaya Operasional:
a Biaya Tetap
1 Bibit Sapi Perah 2,040,000,000
2 peralatan 6,160,000
3 Manager 54,000,000 54,000,000 54,000,000 54,000,000 54,000,000
4 staf 67,200,000 67,200,000 67,200,000 67,200,000 67,200,000
5 bensin 6,180,000 6,180,000 6,180,000 6,180,000 6,180,000
Total a 2,173,540,000 127,380,000 127,380,000 127,380,000 127,380,000
b Biaya Variabel
1 Hijauan 383,400,000 560,001,600 723,297,600 916,935,552 1,153,916,928
2 konsentrat 977,940,000 1,458,324,000 1,866,564,000 2,506,378,464 3,119,361,840
3 Tenaga Kerja Langsung 202,416,000 233,520,000 624,912,000 624,912,000 624,912,000
4 Obat-obatan 11,400,000 13,560,000 15,720,000 18,657,600 22,372,800
5 IB 18,000,000 24,480,000 30,960,000 39,772,800
6 listrik 11,025,000 12,645,000 14,265,000 17,796,600 20,291,400
7 air 22,050,000 25,290,000 28,530,000 35,593,200 40,582,800
Total b 1,608,231,000 2,321,340,600 3,297,768,600 4,151,233,416 5,021,210,568

Total Biaya B 7,806,043,000 2,448,720,600 3,425,148,600 4,278,613,416 5,148,590,568

C Net Benefit -6,740,155,000 4,816,828,200 4,055,017,800 5,790,774,360 7,594,248,216


Tabel 4. Proyeksi Infestasi

No Uraian Volume Satuan Harga Jumlah


1 2 3 4 5 6
A Investasi Tetap
1 Lahan 5,000 m2 7,500 37,500,000
2 Bangunan 2,832 m2 950,000 2,690,400,000
3 kandang 602 m2 900,000 541,512,000
4 Mesin-mesin
copper 1 unit 2,100,000 2,100,000
mesin perah 2 unit 9,500,000 19,000,000
5 instalasi air 1 unit 8,440,000 8,440,000
6 instalasi listrik 1 unit 25,320,000 25,320,000
7 transportasi
Truk 1 unit 280,000,000 280,000,000
Truk susu 1 unit 380,000,000 380,000,000
8 komputer 4 unit 10,000,000 40,000,000
Sub Total A 4,024,272,000

B Modal Kerja
B.1. Modal Kerja Tetap
1 Bibit Sapi Perah 120 ekor 17,000,000 2,040,000,000
2 peralatan 6,160,000 6,160,000
3 Manager 1 orang 54,000,000 54,000,000
4 staf 2 orang 33,600,000 67,200,000
5 bensin 1,200 liter 5,150 6,180,000

B.2. Modal Kerja Variabel


1 Hijauan 1,278,000 kg 300 383,400,000
2 konsentrat 391,176 kg 2,500 977,940,000
3 Tenaga Kerja Langsung
Anak kandang 4 orang 32,400,000 124,416,000
Satpam 1 orang 30,000,000 30,000,000
Dokter Hewan 1 orang 48,000,000 48,000,000
4 Obat-obatan 228 paket 50,000 11,400,000
5 IB 0 0
6 listrik 147 75,000 11,025,000
7 air 147 150,000 22,050,000
Sub Total B 3,781,771,000

Total Biaya (A+B) 7,806,043,000


Proyeksi Produksi

Tahun I Susu (liter) Feses (kg) pedet (ekor) Sapi Afkir (ekor)
1
2
3 100,800
4 100,800
5 100,800
6 100,800
7 100,800
8 100,800
9 100,800
10 100,800
11 100,800
12 91,800 122,976
Total 91,800 1,030,176 0 0
Tahun II Susu (liter) Feses (kg) pedet (ekor) Sapi Afkir (ekor)
1 91,800 122,976
2 91,800 122,976
3 108,000 123,494 65
4 108,000 123,494
5 108,000 123,494
6 108,000 123,494
7 108,000 123,494
8 108,000 123,494
9 108,000 123,494
10 0 123,494
11 0 123,494
12 91,800 148,896
Total 1,031,400 1,506,298 65 0
Tahun III Susu (liter) Feses (kg) pedet (ekor) Sapi Afkir (ekor)
1 91,800 148,896
2 91,800 148,896
3 108,000 167,040 65
4 108,000 167,040
5 108,000 159,782
6 108,000 159,782
7 108,000 159,782
8 108,000 159,782
9 108,000 159,782
10 0 159,782
11 0 159,782
12 91,800 185,184
Total 1,031,400 1,935,533 65 0
Tahun IV Susu (liter) Feses (kg) pedet (ekor) Sapi Afkir (ekor)
1 91,800 185,184
2 124,848 193,167
3 141,048 193,686 65
4 141,048 193,686
5 146,880 204,240 23
6 146,880 204,240
7 146,880 204,240
8 146,880 204,240
9 146,880 204,240
10 38,880 204,240
11 38,880 204,240
12 91,800 229,642
Total 1,402,704 2,425,048 88 0
Tahun V Susu (liter) Feses (kg) pedet (ekor) Sapi Afkir (ekor)
1 91,800 229,642
2 157,896 246,770
3 174,096 247,288 65
4 174,096 247,288
5 185,760 258,030
6 185,760 258,030 47
7 185,760 261,762
8 185,760 261,762
9 185,760 261,762
10 77,760 261,762
11 77,760 261,762
12 91,800 287,164
Total 1,774,008 3,083,022 111 0
Proyeksi Manfaat

tahun
no uraian
1 2 3 4 5
1 susu 550,800,000 6,188,400,000 6,188,400,000 8,416,224,000 10,644,048,000
2 feses 515,088,000 753,148,800 967,766,400 1,212,523,776 1,541,510,784
3 pedet 0 324,000,000 324,000,000 440,640,000 557,280,000
4 afkir 0 0 0 0 0
total 1,065,888,000 7,265,548,800 7,480,166,400 10,069,387,776 12,742,838,784
Tabel 5. Proyeksi Cashflow

Tahun
NO Cashflow
1 2 3 4 5
A Inflow
1 Saldo Awal Tahun 0 101,107,400 3,710,654,000 6,558,390,200 11,141,882,960
2 Modal Pinjaman 4,024,272,000 0 0
3 Modal Sendiri 0 0 0
4 Nilai Jual Produk 550,800,000 6,188,400,000 6,188,400,000 8,416,224,000 10,644,048,000
5 Nilai Jual Produk Sampingan 515,088,000 1,077,148,800 1,291,766,400 1,653,163,776 2,098,790,784

Total A 5,090,160,000 7,366,656,200 11,190,820,400 16,627,777,976 23,884,721,744


B Outflow
1 Biaya Tetap 2,173,540,000 127,380,000 127,380,000 127,380,000 127,380,000
2 Biaya Tidak Tetap 1,608,231,000 2,321,340,600 3,297,768,600 4,151,233,416 5,021,210,568
3 Kewajiban Bank
Pokok 4,024,272,000 3,219,417,600 2,414,563,200 1,609,708,800 804,854,400
Bunga Pinjaman 402,427,200 402,427,200 402,427,200 402,427,200 402,427,200
Angsuran 804,854,400 804,854,400 804,854,400 804,854,400 804,854,400

Total B 4,989,052,600 3,656,002,200 4,632,430,200 5,485,895,016 6,355,872,168

Saldo akhir tahun 101,107,400 3,710,654,000 6,558,390,200 11,141,882,960 17,528,849,576


Table 6. PBP dan BEP

tahun investasi operational cost benefit df (10%) pv investasi


1 11,830,315,000 1,065,888,000 0.909 10,754,831,818
2 2,448,720,600 7,265,548,800 0.826 0
3 3,425,148,600 7,480,166,400 0.751 0
4 4,278,613,416 10,069,387,776 0.683 0
5 5,148,590,568 12,742,838,784 0.621 0
total 11,830,315,000 15,301,073,184 38,623,829,760 10,754,831,818
27,131,388,184

PBP = 2.673 BEP= 4.253


th 2 TH 4
bulan 8.08 Bulan 3.04
hari 2 hari 1
pv op cost pv benevit cum pv benevit
0 968,989,091 968,989,091
2,023,736,033 6,004,585,785 6,973,574,876
2,573,364,838 5,619,959,730 12,593,534,606
2,922,350,533 6,877,527,338 19,471,061,944
3,196,869,667 7,912,300,317 27,383,362,261
10,716,321,072 27,383,362,261 67,390,522,778
21,471,152,891
Tabel 7. Time value of money

tahun investasi cost benefit total cost net benefit df (10%) pvc pvb
1 7,806,043,000 1,065,888,000 7,806,043,000 -6,740,155,000 0.909 7,096,402,727 968,989,091
2 2,448,720,600 7,265,548,800 2,448,720,600 4,816,828,200 0.826 2,023,736,033 6,004,585,785
3 3,425,148,600 7,480,166,400 3,425,148,600 4,055,017,800 0.751 2,573,364,838 5,619,959,730
4 4,278,613,416 10,069,387,776 4,278,613,416 5,790,774,360 0.683 2,922,350,533 6,877,527,338
5 5,148,590,568 12,742,838,784 5,148,590,568 7,594,248,216 0.621 3,196,869,667 7,912,300,317
total 17,812,723,800 27,383,362,261

ket i1 0.64
i2 0.65 +
-

nvp = 9,570,638,462
net b/c = 2.562
gross b/c = 1.537
irr = 0.648
npv1 = 40,992,494
npv2 = -10,749,532
0.65
pv nb df pvc pvb pvnb
-6,127,413,636 0.606 4,730,935,152 645,992,727 -4,084,942,424
3,980,849,752 0.367 899,438,237 2,668,704,793 1,769,266,556
3,046,594,891 0.223 762,478,471 1,665,173,253 902,694,783
3,955,176,805 0.135 577,254,426 1,358,523,919 781,269,492
4,715,430,650 0.082 420,986,952 1,041,949,013 620,962,061
9,570,638,462 7,391,093,238 7,380,343,706 -10,749,532

0.64
15,698,052,098 tahun df pvc pvb pvnb
-6,127,413,636 1 0.610 4,759,782,317 649,931,707 -4,109,850,610
2 0.372 910,440,437 2,701,349,197 1,790,908,760
3 0.227 776,511,468 1,695,819,852 919,308,384
4 0.138 591,463,102 1,391,962,944 800,499,842
5 0.084 433,979,401 1,074,105,520 640,126,118
total 7,472,176,725 7,513,169,220 40,992,494