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Week 9, Polymer-based EOR

Solution:

a. Draw a tangent to the fraction-flow curve of polymer flood from (0,0). Note that
for polymer flooding, we draw the curve from Fw = 0 and Sw = -D4+IPV/.
However, for this problem the inaccessible pore volume is equal to polymer
retardation factor, therefore Sw=0. The Sw and fw at the tangent point is the
polymer front discontinuity (fw3= 0.925, Sw3=0.575). The intersection of the
tangent line with water flood fractional-flow curve is the oil bank condition (fw1=
0.69, Sw1=0.43).

b. The velocity of the polymer front is calculated by


𝑣1 = 𝑓𝑤1 × 𝑞𝑡 /𝐴∅𝑆𝑤1 = 0.69 × 1000 × 5.615/(20000 × 0.2 × 0.43)
= 2.25 𝑓𝑡/𝑑𝑎𝑦

The velocity of the oil bank front is calculated by


𝑣1 = (𝑓𝑤1 − 0) × 𝑞𝑡 /𝐴∅(𝑆𝑤1 − 0.3)
= 0.69 × 1000 × 5.615/(20000 × 0.2 × (0.43 − 0.3)
= 7.45 𝑓𝑡/𝑑𝑎𝑦

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c. For water flood:
Here we use the standard method of finding the tangent to the water/oil
fractional flow curve from the initial condition. This provides the saturation of
the shock front S*. In this case (S*,f*) is the same as (Sw1,fw1) from part a.

d. For Polymer food:

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e. Oil recovery versus time for water flood:
Us the graphical approach to find average saturation behind the front and then
use the oil recovery equation provided in the question.

Sw fw Event Sw, ave Oil Recovery Time, day


0 0
0.43 0.65 BT 0.48 0.18 263
0.5 0.9 0.55 0.25 1187
0.68 0.995 0.69 0.39 21529

For Polymer flood:

Sw fw Event Sw, ave Oil Recovery Time, day


0 0 0
0.43 0.65 BT 0.48 0.18 263
0.575 0.925 Viscous Shock front BT 0.62 0.32 885
0.65 0.99 0.67 0.37 3561
0.68 0.995 0.69 0.39 12917

0.45
Viscous Shock BT
0.4

0.35

0.3
Oil Recovery

0.25

0.2

0.15 Water Bank BT

0.1 Water flood


Polymer flood
0.05

0
0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000
Time (day)