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1.

The following equation shows the reaction between copper(II) oxide and sulphuric
acid.
Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas kuprum(II) oksida dengan asid
sulfurik.

CuO + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O

6.0 g copper(II) oxide is added to 50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid.
What is the mass of copper(II) oxide left at the end of the reaction?
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Cu = 64]
6.0 g kuprum(II) oksida ditambah kepada 50.0 cm-3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3.
Berapakah jisim kuprum(II) oksida yang tinggal pada akhir tindak balas itu?
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Cu = 64]
A 0.3 g
B 2.0 g
C 2.8 g
D 4.0 g

2. Which chemical equation is correctly balanced?


Persamaan kimia manakah yang diseimbangkan dengan betul?
A K + O2 → K2O
B K + C12 → KC1
C Zn + HC1 → ZnC12 + H2
D Zn + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H 2

3. The following chemical equation shows the complete combustion of ethane gas.
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan pembakaran lengkap bagi gas etana.

What is the volume of ethane needed to produce 2.2 g of carbon dioxide at standard
temperature and pressure?
[Molar mass of CO2 = 44 g mol -1; Molar volume of gas at standard temperature and
pressure = 22.4 dm3 mol-1]
Berapakah isi padu etana yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan 2.2 g karbon
dioksida pada suhu dan tekanan piawai?
[Jisim molar CO2 = 44 g mol-1; Isi padu molar gas pada suhu dan tekanan piawai =
22.4 dm3 mol-1]
A 0.05 dm3
B 0.10 dm3
C 0.56 dm3
D 1.12 dm3

4. Ammonium sulphate is used as a fertiliser.


What is the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium sulphate?
[Relative atomic mass: H = 1; N = 14 ; O = 16; S = 32]
Ammonium sulfat digunakan sebagai baja.
Berapakah peratusan nitrogen mengikut jisim dalam ammonium sulfat?
[Jisim atom relatif: H = 1; N = 14; O = 16: S = 32]
A 10.6%
B 12.3%
C 13.3%
D 21.2%

5. How many molecules are there in 150 cm3 of carbon dioxide, CO2 at room
conditions?
[Avogadro's constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol-1;
Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions]
Berapakah bilangan molekul 150 cm3 karbon dioksida, CO2 pada keadaan bilik?
[Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol-1;
Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik]
A 3.76 × 10 21
B 3.76 × 10 24
C 9.63 × 10 22
D 9.63 × 10 25

6. Which of the following statements is true for one mole of a substance?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar bagi satu mol bahan?
A 1 mol of copper contains 6.02 × 1023 molecules
1 mol kuprum mengandungi 6.02 × 1023 molekul
B 1 mol of oxygen gas contains 6.02 × 1023 atoms
1 mol gas oksigen mengandungi 6.02 × 1023 atom
C 1 mol of water contains the same number of atoms as in 12 g of carbon-12
1 mol air mengandungi bilangan atom yang sama dengan bilangan atom
dalam 12 g karbon-12
D 1 mol of carbon dioxide contains the same number of molecules as the number of
atoms in 12 g of carbon-12
1 mol karbon dioksida mengandungi bilangan molekul yang sama dengan
bilangan atom dalam 12 g karbon-12

7. One mole of a substance is defined as the quantity of a substance that contains the
same number of particles as in m g of element Y.
What are m and Y?
Satu mol bahan ditakrifkan sebagai kuantiti bahan yang mengandungi bilangan
zarah yang sama seperti yang terdapat dalam m g unsur Y.
Apakah m dan Y?
8. What is the number of moles of copper(II) nitrate in 56.4 g of copper(II) nitrate,
Cu(NO3)2?
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Cu = 64, N= 14]
Berapakah bilangan mol kuprum(II) nitrat dalam 56.4 g kuprum(II) nitrat,
Cu(NO3)2?
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Cu = 64, N = 14]
A 0.30 mol
B 0.32 mol
C 0.45 mol
D 3.33 mol

9. Table shows the proton number and the nucleon number of atoms of elements X and
Y.
X and Y are not the actual symbols of the elements.
Jadual menunjukkan nombor proton dan nombor nukleon bagi atom-atom
unsur X dan unsur Y.
X dan Y bukan simbol sebenar unsur-unsur itu.

Element Proton number Nucleon number


Unsur Nombor proton Nombor nukleon
X 13 27
Y 8 16
Table
Jadual

Element X reacts with element Y to form a compound.


What is the molar mass of the compound?
Unsur X bertindak balas dengan unsur Y untuk membentuk suatu sebatian.
Berapakah jisim molar bagi sebatian itu?
A 43 g mol–1 C 102 g mol–1
B 50 g mol–1 D 113 g mol–1
10. Element M is in the same group as magnesium in the Periodic Table. It reacts with
oxygen gas to form a compound with the formula MO.
What is the formula of the fluoride of element M?
[Proton number : F = 9, Mg = 12]
Unsur M berada dalam kumpulan yang sama dengan magnesium dalam Jadual
Berkala. Ia boleh bertindak balas dengan gas oksigen untuk membentuk satu
sebatian yang mempunyai formula MO.
Apakah formula bagi flourida bagi unsur M?
[Nombor proton : F = 9, Mg = 12]
A MF C M2 F
B MF2 D M2F2

11. Diagram below shows three types of substances.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan tiga jenis bahan.

Diagram
Rajah

Which of the following is true about the substances in Diagram above?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang bahan-bahan pada Rajah di atas?
I The number of particles in gas Z is 3 × 6.02 × 1023
Bilangan zarah dalam gas Z ialah sebanyak 3 × 6.02 × 1023
II All the substances have only 6.02 × 1023 particles
Kesemua bahan itu hanya mempunyai sebanyak 6.02 × 1023 zarah
III The number of particles in liquid X is less than in gas Z
Bilangan zarah dalam cecair X adalah kurang daripada bilangan zarah dalam
gas Z
IV The number of particles in solid Y is two times greater than in liquid X
Bilangan zarah dalam pepejal Y adalah dua kali lebih banyak daripada bilangan
zarah dalam cecair X

A I and II only B III and IV only


I dan II sahaja III dan IV sahaja
C I, II and IV only D I, III and IV only
I, II dan IV sahaja I, III dan IV sahaja

12. The following chemical equation shows the reaction between iron and chlorine.
Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara ferum dan klorin.

1.12 g of iron burns completely in chlorine.


What is the mass of the product?
[Relative atomic mass: Cl = 35.5, Fe = 56]
1.12 g ferum terbakar lengkap dalam klorin.
Berapakah jisim hasil tindak balas itu?
[Jisim atom relatif: Cl = 35.5, Fe = 56]
A 0.38 g
B 3.25 g
C 4.88 g
D 6.50 g

13. A balloon contains 6.02 × 1023 of gas particles.


What is the number of moles of the gas in the balloon?
Sebiji belon mengandungi 6.02 × 1023 zarah gas.
Berapakah bilangan mol gas itu dalam belon tersebut?
A 0.5 mol
B 1.0 mol
C 3.0 mol
D 6.0 mol

14. The electron arrangements of atom U is 2.8.1 and atom V is 2.8.7.


What is the molar mass of a compound formed when atom U combine with atom V?
[Relative atomic mass: U = 23; V = 35.5]
Susunan elektron bagi atom U ialah 2.81 dan atom V ialah 2.8.7.
Apakah jisim molar bagi sebatian yang terbentuk apabila atom U bergabung dengan
atom V?
[Jisim atom relatif: U = 23; V = 35.5]
A 152.5 g mol -1 B 94.0 g mol -1
-1
C 81.5 g mol D 58.5 g mol -1

15. The following equation represents a reaction.


Cu(OH)2(s) + 2HNO3(aq) → Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2H2O(l)
What are the reactants in this equation?
Persamaan berikut mewakili satu tindak balas.
Cu(OH)2(p) + 2HNO3(ak) → Cu(NO3)2(ak) + 2H2O(ce)
Apakah bahan-bahan tindak balas dalam persamaan ini?
A Copper(II) nitrate and water
Kuprum(II) nitrat dan air
B Copper(II) nitrate and nitric acid
Kuprum(II) nitrat dan asid nitrik
C Copper(II) hydroxide and nitric acid
Kuprum(II) hidroksida dan asid nitrik
D Copper(II) hydroxide and copper(II) nitrate
Kuprum(II) hidroksida dan kuprum(II) nitrat

16. Which of the following contains 6.02 × 1023 atoms?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 6.02 × 1023 atom?
A 1 mol of nitrogen gas
1 mol gas nitrogen
B 1 mol of chlorine gas
1 mol gas klorin
C 1 mol of ammonia
1 mol ammonia
D 1 mol of neon
1 mol neon

17. The following equation represents the reaction


between aluminium and oxygen.
Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas antara
aluminium dan oksigen.
4Al + 3O2 → 2Al2O3

Which of the following statements is correct?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah betul?
A 4 mol of aluminium atoms react with 3 mol of oxygen atoms
4 mol atom aluminium bertindak balas dengan 3 mol atom oksigen
B 4 mol of aluminium atoms react with 3 mol of oxygen molecules
4 mol atom aluminium bertindak balas dengan 3 mol molekul oksigen
C 4 mol of aluminium atoms react with 3 mol of oxygen atoms producing 2 mol of
aluminium oxide
4 mol atom aluminium bertindak balas dengan 3 mol atom oksigen
menghasilkan 2 mol aluminium oksida
D 4 mol of aluminium atoms react with 6 mol of oxygen molecules producing 2 mol
of aluminium oxide
4 mol atom aluminium bertindak balas denga 6 mol molekul oksigen
menghasilkan 2 mol aluminium oksida

18. Table below shows two elements and their respective relative atomic mass.
The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan dua unsur dan jisim atom relatif masing-masing.
Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.

Table
Jadual

Which of the following is true about the atoms of elements X and M?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang atom bagi unsur X dan unsur M?
A The mass of 1 mol of X is twice the mass of 1 mol of M
Jisim 1 mol X adalah dua kali jisim 1 mol M
B 1 mol of X has the same mass as 1 mol of M
1 mol X mempunyai jisim yang sama dengan 1 mol M
C The mass of an atom of X is 24 g and the mass of an atom of M is 12 g
Jisim satu atom X ialah 24 g dan jisim satu atom M ialah 12 g
D The number of mole in 12 g of atom X is equal to the number of mole in 12 g of
atom M
Bilangan mol dalam 12 g atom X sama dengan bilangan mol dalam 12 g atom M

19.
The average mass of a magnesium atom is 24 times greater than of the mass of a
carbon –12 atom.
What is the relative atomic mass of magnesium?

Purata jisim satu atom magnesium adalah 24 kali lebih besar daripada jisim
satu atom karbon –12.
Apakah jisim atom relatif bagi magnesium?
A 2 C 24
B 12 D 48

20. The proton number of atom R is 14 and its relative atomic mass is 28.
Which statement is correct about R?
Nombor proton bagi atom R ialah 14 dan jisim atom relatifnya ialah 28.
Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang R?
A The mass of 1 atom of R is 28 g
Jisim bagi 1 atom R ialah 28 g
B The molar mass of R is 28 g mol-1
Jisim molar bagi R ialah 28 g mol-1
C 14 g of R contains 6.0 X 1023 atoms
14 g R mengandungi 6.0 X 1023 atom
D Atom R has 14 protons, 14 electrons and 28 neutrons
Atom R mempunyai 14 proton, 14 elektron dan 28 neutron

21. Which of the following gases contains 0.4 mol of atoms at room temperature and
pressure?
[1 mol of gas occupies the volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure]
Antara gas berikut, yang manakah mengandungi 0.4 mol atom pada suhu dan
tekanan bilik?
[1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik]
A 4.8 dm3 He
B 4.8 dm3 H2
C 4.8 dm3 SO 3
D 4.8 dm3 CO 2

22. A sample of iron oxide contains 5.6 g of iron and


2.4 g of oxygen.
What is the empirical formula of this compound?
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16, Fe = 56]
Suatu sampel ferum oksida mengandungi 5.6 g
ferum dan 2.4 g oksigen.
Apakah formula empirik bagi sebatian ini?
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, Fe = 56]
A Fe3O4
B Fe2O3
C FeO2
D FeO

23. Diagram shows the apparatus set-up to determine the empirical formula of copper(II)
oxide.
Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi menentukan formula empirik bagi
kuprum (II) oksida.

Diagram
Rajah

The dry hydrogen gas must be flowed through the apparatus for several minutes
before heating the copper(II) oxide.
What is the reason for this action to be taken?
Gas hidrogen kering mesti dialirkan melalui radas untuk beberapa minit sebelum
pemanasan kuprum(II) oksida.
Apakah sebab tindakan ini diambil?
A To ensure all the coper(II) oxide has changed into copper
Untuk memastikan semua kuprum(II) oksida telah bertukar kepada kuprum
B To ensure all air has been removed so that explosion can be prevented
Untuk memastikan semua udara dikeluarkan supaya letupan dapat dielakkan
C To prevent copper from reacting with air to form copper(II) oxide
Untuk mengelakkan kuprum daripda bertindak balas dengan udara bagi
membentuk kuprum(II) oksida
D To prevent the water from flowing towards the hot porcelain dish and cracks the
combustion tube
Untuk mengelakkan air daripada mengalir ke arah piring porselin yang panas
dan meretakkan tiub pembakaran

24. The diagram shows two balloons filled with oxygen gas and hydrogen gas
respectively.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan dua belon yang masing-masing diisikan dengan gas
oksigen dan gas hidrogen.

Which of the following statements is true about the two gases?


Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang dua gas itu?
A The number of moles of oxygen gas is greater than hydrogen gas
Bilangan mol gas oksigen lebih besar daripada bilangan mol gas hidrogen
B The number of moles of oxygen gas and hydrogen gas is equal.
Bilangan mol gas oksigen sama dengan bilangan mol gas hidrogen
C The number of oxygen gas molecules is greater than hydrogen gas molecules
Bilangan molekul gas oksigen lebih besar daripada bilangan molekul gas
hidrogen
D The number of oxygen gas molecules is fewer than hydrogen gas molecules
Bilangan molekul gas oksigen kurang daripada bilangan molekul gas hidrogen

2 In an experiment to estimate the size of an oil particle, the following data is obtained.
5. Dalam satu eksperimen untuk menganggar saiz satu zarah minyak, data berikut
diperoleh.

Volume of 50 drops of oil = v cm3


Isi padu 50 titik minyak

Number of droplets in one drop of oil =n


Bilangan titisan minyak dalam satu titik minyak

Area of the oil patch


= a cm2
Luas tompok minyak

Assume that the oil patch is cylinder.


What is the size of one oil particle?
Anggapkan tompok minyak berbentuk silinder.
Apakah saiz satu zarah minyak itu?
26. When copper(II) carbonate, CuCO3 is heated, the gas released turns the lime water
chalky.
What is the volume of gas released when 0.62 g of copper(II) carbonate is heated at
room conditions?
[Relative atomic mass: C= 12,O = 16, Cu = 64; Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol–
1
at room conditions]
Apabila kuprum(II) karbonat,CuCO3 dipanaskan, gas yang terbebas menukarkan air
kapur menjadi keruh.
Berapakah isi padu gas yang terbebas apabila 0.62 g kuprum(II) karbonat
dipanaskan pada keadaan bilik?
[Jisim atom relatif: C= 12,O = 16, Cu = 64; Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm3 mol–1 pada
keadaan bilik]
A 5 cm3
B 120 cm3
C 240 cm3
D 360 cm3

27. Element J and element Q have proton number of 12 and 9 respectively.


What is the relative formula mass of a compound formed between J and Q?
[Relative atomic mass: J = 24; Q = 19]
Unsur J dan unsur Q masing-masing mempunyai nombor proton 12 dan 9.
Berapakah jisim formula relatif bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara J dan Q?
[Jisim atom relatif: J = 24; Q = 19]
A 30 B 43
C 62 D 67

28. The following equation shows the decomposition reaction of copper(II) carbonate
when heated at room temperature and pressure.
Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas penguraian kuprum(II) karbonat
apabila dipanaskan pada suhu dan tekanan bilik.

CuCO3 → CuO + CO 2

Which of the following is not true when 1 mol of copper(II) carbonate is


decomposed?
[Relative atomic mass: C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64 and 1 mol of gas occupies the
volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure.]
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah tidak benar apabila 1 mol kuprum(II) karbonat
terurai?
[Jisim atom relatif: C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64 dan 1 mol gas menempati isipadu
sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik]
A 1 mol of copper(II) oxide is formed
1 mol kuprum(II) oksida terbentuk
B 1 molecule of carbon dioxide gas is given off
1 molekul gas karbon dioksida terbebas
C 80 g of copper(II) oxide is formed
80 g kuprum(II) oksida terbentuk
D 24 dm3 of carbon dioxide gas is given off
24 dm3 gas karbon dioksida terbebas

29. An oxide of element X has the empirical formula of X2O3. 2.24 g of element X reacts
completely with 0.96 g of oxygen.
What is the relative atomic mass of X?
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16]
Suatu oksida bagi unsur X mempunyai formula empirik X2O3. 2.24
g unsur X bertindak balas lengkap dengan 0.96 g oksigen.
Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi X?
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16]
A 112
B 56
C 25
D 17

30. The chemical formula for potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) is K3Fe(CN)6.


What is its relative formula mass?
Formula kimia bagi kalium heksasianoferat(III) adalah K3Fe(CN)6.
Berapakah jisim formula relatifnya?

[Relative atomic mass of C = 12, N = 14, K = 39 and Fe = 56]


[Jisim atom relatif C = 12, N = 14, K = 39 dan Fe = 56]
A 121 C 199
B 251 D 329

31. Diagram shows two types of gases filled in two balloons.


Rajah menunjukkan dua jenis gas yang diisi ke dalam dua biji belon.

Diagram
Rajah

Which statement is correct about the number of particles in oxygen gas?


[Relative atomic mass: H =1, O= 16]
Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang bilangan zarah dalam gas oksigen?
[Jisim atom relatif : H = 1, O = 16]
A Same as in hydrogen gas
Sama seperti dalam gas hidrogen
B More than in hydrogen gas
Lebih banyak daripada dalam gas hidrogen
C Two times more than in hydrogen gas
Dua kali lebih banyak daripada dalam gas hidrogen
D 16 times more than in hydrogen gas
16 kali lebih banyak daripada dalam gas hidrogen

32. Which compound has the correct formula?


Sebatian manakah yang mempunyai formula yang betul?

33. If the Avogadro number is represented by the letter x, what is the number of
hydrogen gas particles, H2, with the molar volume of 24 dm3 mol-1 at room
temperature and pressure?
Jika pemalar Avogadro diwakili oleh huruf x, berapakah bilangan zarah gas
hidrogen, H2 yang mempunyai isi padu molar 24 dm3mol-1, pada suhu dan tekanan
bilik?
A x
B 2x
C x2
1
D x
2

34. A hydrocarbon compound is burnt completely in air to form 17.6 g of carbon dioxide
gas and 7.2 g of water.
What is the molecular formula of the hydrocarbon compound?
Satu sebatian hidrokarbon dibakar dengan lengkap di udara menghasilkan 17.6 g
gas karbon dioksida dan 7.2 g air.
Apakah formula molekul sebatian hidrokarbon itu?
Given that the relative atomic mass of C = 12, H = 1, O = 16.
Diberi jisim atom relatif C = 12, H = 1, O = 16.
A C2H6 C C3H8
B C4H8 D C4H10

35. The empirical formula of copper oxide is determined by its reaction with hydrogen.
The heating, cooling and weighing steps are repeated several times but a constant
mass of the product is still not obtained.
Formula empirik kuprum oksida ditentukan dengan tindak balasnya dengan
hidrogen.
Langkah pemanasan, penyejukan dan penimbangan diulang beberapa kali tetapi
jisim hasil yang tetap masih tidak diperoleh.
Which of the following can be done to get a constant mass of the product?
Antara yang berikut, yang manakah boleh dilakukan untuk mendapat jisim hasil
yang tetap?
A During heating, dry hydrogen gas is passed through
Semasa pemanasan, gas hidrogen kering dialirkan
B During cooling, dry hydrogen gas is passed through
Semasa penyejukan, gas hidrogen kering dialirkan
C During weighing, the combustion tube must be stoppered
Semasa penimbangan, tabung pembakar perlu disumbat
D During heating, excess hydrogen gas is burnt
Semasa pemanasan, gas hidrogen berlebihan dibakar

36. 5 g of element X reacted with 8 g of element Y to form a compound with the formula
XY2.
What is the relative atomic mass of element X?
5 g unsur X bertindak balas dengan 8 g unsur Y untuk membentuk satu sebatian
yang mempunyai formula XY2.
Berapakah jisim atom relatif unsur X?

Given that the relative atomic mass of Y = 80.


Diberi jisim atom relatif Y = 80.
A 25
B 40
C 50
D 100

37. Which substance contains the same number of atoms as in 12 g of carbon?


[Relative atomic mass: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, Mg = 24, S = 32]
Bahan manakah yang mengandungi bilangan atom yang sama dengan 12 g karbon?
[Jisim atom relatif: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, Mg = 24, S = 32]
A 2 g of hydrogen
2 g hidrogen
B 12 g of magnesium
12 g magnesium
C 22 g of carbon dioxide
22 g karbon dioksida
D 32 g of sulphur
32 g sulfur

38. The mass of three atoms of element X is equal to the mass of four carbon atoms.
X is not the actual symbol of the element.
What is the relative atomic mass of element X?
[Relative atomic mass: C = 12]
Jisim tiga atom bagi unsur X adalah sama dengan jisim empat atom karbon.
X bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu.
Apakah jisim atom relatif bagi unsur X?
[Jisim atom relatif: C = 12]
A 48
B 36
C 16
D 12

39. Which compound has the empirical formula of CH2O?


Sebatian manakah yang mempunyai formula empirik CH2O?
A HCOOH
B CH3COOH
C CH3COOCH3
D HCOOC2H5

40. The relative molecular mass of M2(SO4)3 is 342.


What is the relative atomic mass of element M?
[Relative atomic mass: O = 16, S = 32]
Jisim molekul relatif bagi M2(SO4)3 ialah 342.
Berapakah jisim atom relatif bagi unsur M?
[Jisim atom relatif: O = 16, S = 32]

A 27
B 54
C 118
D 123

41. Sodium reacts with chlorine to form sodium chloride.


Natrium bertindak balas dengan klorin untuk membentuk natrium klorida.

What is the mass of sodium chloride formed when 2.30 g of sodium reacts with
excess chlorine?
[Relative atomic mass: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5]
Berapakah jisim natrium klorida yang terbentuk apabila 2.30 g natrium bertindak
balas dengan klorin berlebihan?
[Jisim atom relatif: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5]
A 2.93 g
B 5.85 g
C 9.40 g
D 11.70 g

42. What is the number of atoms in 0.5 mol of ammonia gas, NH3?
[Avogadro constant = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]
Berapakah bilangan atom dalam 0.5 mol gas ammonia, NH3?
[Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1]
A 6.02 × 1023
B 0.5 × 6.02 × 1023
C 0.5 × 2 × 6.02 × 1023
D 0.5 × 4 × 6.02 × 1023

43. The picture shows a waste disposal site.


The activity of microorganisms in the waste produces methane gas.
Gambar rajah menunjukkan suatu kawasan pelupusan sampah.
Aktiviti mikroorganisma di kawasan itu menghasilkan gas metana.

What is the mass of methane gas produced?


Berapakah jisim gas metana yang terhasil?

Given that the relative atomic mass of H = 1, C = 12 and 1 mol of gas occupies 24
dm3 at room temperature and pressure.
Diberi jisim atom relatif H = 1, C = 12 dan 1 mol gas menempati 24 dm3 pada suhu
dan tekanan bilik.
A 12 g
B 16 g
C 21 g
D 27 g

44. What is the minimum mass of zinc required to react with excess dilute nitric acid to
produce 240 cm3 of hydrogen at room conditions?
[Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room conditions;
Relative atomic mass: Zn = 65]
Berapakah jisim minimum zink yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas dengan asid
nitrik cair yang berlebihan untuk menghasilkan 240 cm3 hidrogen pada keadaan
bilik?
[Isi padu molar gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik; Jisim atom relatif: Zn = 65]
A 0.33 g B 0.65 g
C 1.30 g D 6.50 g