High School Physics

© All Rights Reserved

5 tayangan

Chapter20 Wave Motion Bw

High School Physics

© All Rights Reserved

- Lighting Handbook
- Lighting Handbook
- Jacaranda Physics
- CK 12 Physics Basic Second Edition
- seniorproject
- eksplorasi
- Diffuser Design
- Jsi Mid Year Fiz t5 2017
- Waves Penurunan Rumus
- Transverse Waves
- Physics
- JuandavidUnit 1 Step 2 - To Recognize the Electrodynamic and Waves Applications
- 4.1.1a_test
- The Light Chapter-1
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Refraction & Superposition Answer
- slinky wave lab
- Handbook of Acoustics Ch6
- E.M. Waves
- 7. WAVES

Anda di halaman 1dari 15

20.2 Wave Intensity

20.3 Principle of Superposition

Chapter 20. Wave motion 20.4 Standing Waves

20.5 Electromagnetic Waves

Liew Sau Poh

Objectives Objectives

a) interpret and use the progressive wave g) describe the variation of intensity with

equation, y = a sin ( t kx) or y = a cos ( t distance of a point source in space

kx) h) state the principle of superposition

b) sketch and interpret the displacement-time i) use the principle of superposition to explain

graph and the displacement-distance graph the formation of standing waves

c) use the formula = 2 x/ j) derive and interpret the standing wave

d) derive and use the relationship v = f equation

e) define intensity and use the relationship I k) distinguish between progressive and

A2 standing waves

3 4

Objectives

l) state that electromagnetic waves are made up of

electrical vibrations E = E0 sin ( t - kx) and

magnetic vibrations B = B0 sin ( t - kx)

m) state the characteristics of electromagnetic waves

n) compare electromagnetic waves with mechanical

20.1 Progressive waves

waves

o) state the formula c = ( 0 0)1/2 and explain its

significance

p) state the orders of the magnitude of wavelengths

and frequencies for different types of

electromagnetic waves.

5 6

All types of traveling waves transport

energy Study of a single wave

pulse shows that it is

begun with a vibration

and transmitted through

internal forces in the

A wave travels

medium.

along its medium,

but the individual Continuous waves start

particles just move with vibrations too. If the

vibration is SHM, then the

up and down.

wave will be sinusoidal.

7 8

Wave characteristics Wave characteristics

Amplitude, A

between any two identical points on

Wavelength,

adjacent waves

Frequency f and period T

Period T: the time required for two

Wave velocity, v = f identical points of adjacent waves to pass

by a point.

9 10

Frequency f: the inverse of the period. The motion of particles in a wave can either

Amplitude A: The maximum displacement be perpendicular to the wave direction

(transverse) or parallel to it (longitudinal).

Wave velocity, v = f

11 12

is defined as the one in which the wave There are two types of progressive wave,

profile propagates. a. Transverse progressive waves

The progressive waves have a definite speed b. Longitudinal progressive waves.

called the speed of propagation or wave

speed.

The direction of the wave speed is always

in the same direction of the wave

propagation .

13 14

If the tension in the The wave speed is :

string is T, and its

mass per unit length = 0.002 kg/m

V 2 string

T

Vstring

15 16

Progressive waves

Traveling in the

positive x-direction

1 2

T 2 f

f T

2

V f

T k 2 k

2

k (wave number) 2

D ( x, 0) A sin( x o )

D( x, t ) A sin(kx t )

o

17 18

Sound waves are longitudinal waves:

either be perpendicular to the wave

direction (transverse) or parallel to it

(longitudinal).

19 20

Longitudinal and Transverse Waves

Waves

Earthquakes produce both longitudinal and A wave reaching

transverse waves. Both types can travel through the end of its

solid material, but only longitudinal waves can medium, but

where the

propagate through a fluid in the transverse medium is still

direction, a fluid has no restoring force. free to move, will

Surface waves are waves that travel along the be reflected (b),

and its reflection

boundary between two media. will be upright.

A wave hitting an

obstacle will be

reflected (a), and

its reflection will

be inverted.

21 22

Waves Waves

A wave encountering Two- or three-

a denser medium dimensional waves can

be represented by wave

will be partly fronts, which are curves

reflected and partly of surfaces where all the

transmitted; if the waves have the same

wave speed is less in phase.

the denser medium, Lines perpendicular to

the wavelength will the wave fronts are

called rays; they point

be shorter. in the direction of

FT FT propagation of the

v wave.

M /L

23 24

Reflection and Transmission of

Waves

The law of reflection: the angle of

incidence equals the angle of reflection.

25 26

The power carried by a wave is Definition: the amount of energy transferred

given by 2

by waves that passes through unit area per

P aA v second of any plane surface normal to the

direction of propagation of the waves.

where a is a constant that depends

on the kind of wave. The intensity

Unit: Js-1m-2 , or W m-2

of a wave is the power per unit area

at the wavefront. Area (sphere), A = 4 r2

P P spherical

I

Area 4 r2 wavefront

Direction

of wave

27 28

A point source of disturbance generates waves Wavefront: a surface on which all particles

that propagate outwards in three dimensions vibrate in phase with one another.

in a homogenous medium. It can radiate

energy of P joules per second (P watts). Spherical wavefront

Since the source of disturbance is a point

source, the waves radiated from the source

travel outwards in all possible directions, Direction of the

wave

resulting in wavefronts being spherical in propagation

shape, with the source as the centre.

29 30

At a particular instance, let the radius of one Therefore, the amount of energy crossing unit

spherical wavefront be r. The surface area A of area is P/ 4 r2.

the wavefront is equal to the surface of a By definition, this amount of energy is equal

sphere given by to the intensity I at distance r from the

A = 4 r2 source.

The amount of energy crossing the entire Thus, the intensity, I = P/A = P/4 r2.

spherical surface of this wavefront every Hence,

second must be P joules (the power radiated I P

by the source).

I 1/r2

31 32

Sound and the Human Ear Wave Intensities

The human ear is an amazing instrument. It can Wave Intensity,

respond to sound intensities that differ by a factor of W/m2

a trillion!

A whisper at 1m 10-10

The ear can do this because of its non-linear

response to intensity. It turns out to be better to

describe sound intensities in terms of decibels (dB): TV signal, 5km from 50 kW 1.6 x 10-4

where I is in W/m2 and transmitter

I I0 = 10-12 W/m2. An increase of 10 Sound, 4m from a loud rock band 1

10log

I0 dB corresponds to an intensity Sound, 50 m from a jet aircraft 10

increase of a factor or 10.

50

1368

Pain threshold ~ 130 dB

33 Microwaves,

34 inside a microwave oven 6000

33 34

20.3 Superposition

The superposition principle says that when two

waves pass through the same point, the

displacement is the arithmetic sum of the

individual displacements.

20.3 Principle of Superposition

35 36

37 38

(a) exhibits destructive interference These figures show the sum of two waves.

In (a) they add constructively; in (b) they

(b) exhibits constructive interference.

add destructively; and in (c) they add

partially destructively.

39 40

In Phase 41

180o out of phase 42

The frequencies of Standing waves occur

when both ends of a

the standing waves string are fixed. In that

on a particular case, only waves which

string are called are motionless at the

resonant ends of the string can

persist. There are

frequencies. nodes, where the

They are also amplitude is always

referred to as the zero, and antinodes,

where the amplitude

fundamental and varies from zero to the

harmonics. maximum value.

45 46

The characteristics of Stationary wave

The wavelengths and frequencies of

Nodes and antinodes are appear at particular time that

standing waves are: is determine by the equation of the stationary wave.

N A N A N A N point at which the

displacement is zero where

the destructive interference

occurred.

Antinode (A) is defined as a

point at which the

displacement is maximum

4 where the constructive

interference occurred.

2

The distance between adjacent nodes or antinodes is?

The distance between a node and an adjacent antinode

is?

= 2(the distance between adjacent nodes or antinodes)

47 48

20.4 Standing /Stationary waves 20.4 Standing /Stationary waves

The pattern of the stationary wave is fixed hence the The Equation of Stationary wave

amplitude of each points along the medium are By considering wave functions(equations) for two

different. progressive sinusoidal waves having the same

Thus the nodes and antinodes appear at particular amplitude, frequency and wavelength but travelling

distance and determine by the equation of the in opposite directions in the same medium as shown

stationary wave. below.

y1 a sin( t k x )

y2 a sin( t k x )

where y1 represents a wave travelling in the +x

direction and y2 represents one travelling in the x

direction. By applying the principle of superposition

hence

49 50

y y1 y 2 Description of the equation of stationary wave

y a s in t k x a s in t k x

A cos k x

y a s in t c o s k x c o s t s in k x a s in t c o s k x c o s t s in k x determine the amplitude for any point along

y 2 a s in t c o s k x the stationary wave.

The general equation of stationary wave is given by It is called the amplitude formula.

Its value depend on the distance, x

y A c o s k x sin t and A 2a

where A : the amplitude of the stationary wave

a : the amplitude of the progressive wave

: the angular frequency

k : the wave number

51 52

Nodes

Antinodes The point with minimum displacement = 0

The point with maximum displacement = A A cos kx 0

A cos kx A cos kx 0

cos kx 1 kx cos 1 0

kx 1

cos 1 3 5

kx , , ,...

kx 0 , , 2 , 3 ,. .. 2 2 2

n where n 1 , 3 , 5 , 7 , .. .

kx m where m 0 ,1 , 2 , 3 ,... kx

m 2 2

x and k n and 2

k x k

m 2k

Therefore x Antinodes are occur when

2 3 n Nodes are

3 5

Therefore x x ,, ,...

x 0, , , ,... 4 occur when 4 4 4

2 2

53 54

Nodes

sin t

determine the time for antinodes and nodes will occur The point with minimum displacement = 0

in the stationary wave. All the point in the stationary wave at the

Antinodes equilibrium position (y = 0)

The point with maximum displacement = A

A sin t A A s in t 0

s in t 1 s in t 0

t sin 1

1 t sin 1 0

t

3 5

, , ,... t 0 , , 2 , 3 ,...

n

2 2 2 t m where m 0 ,1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ,...

t where n 1 , 3 , 5 , 7 ,... 2

2 m and

n 2 t

t and T

2 T Nodes occur when the time are

Therefore t

n

T Antinodes T 3T 5T m T 3T

4 occur when t , , ,... Therefore t T t 0, , T , ,...

the time are 4 4 4 2 2 2

55 56

20.4 Standing /Stationary waves Characteristics of Standing Waves

Displacement-distance graph for stationary Nodes and antinodes remain stationary

wave Nodes points of least amplitude

Antinodes points of maximum amplitude

y T

t Resulting from interference

4 Waves of

A T

t 0, ,T Equal amplitude

2

0 x Equal wavelength

3 5 3 7 2 3T

t Pass thru each other

A 4 2 4 4 2 4 4

In opposite directions

A N A N A N A N

Out of phase at nodes (regions of stable destructive

A

interference)

57 58

59

Waves that can transmit energy without Electromagnetic waves are transverse

a medium or material to travel through waves.

(light waves, heat waves, any waves in They consist of both a changing electric

space, etc.) field and a changing magnetic field.

The fields are at right angles to each

other and to the direction of the wave.

http://www.thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/capsules/images/outil_b leu16_img01.jpg

61 62

1831 1879

Developed the

electromagnetic theory of

light

Developed the kinetic theory

of gases

Explained the nature of color

vision

Explained the nature of

Died of cancer

63 64

Electromagnetic Waves

In empty space, q = 0 and I = 0

In 1865, James Clerk Maxwell provided a

mathematical theory that showed a close Maxwell predicted the existence of electromagnetic

waves

relationship between all electric and magnetic

The electromagnetic waves consist of oscillating

phenomena

electric and magnetic fields

The changing fields induce each other which

existence of electromagnetic waves that maintains the propagation of the wave

propagate through space A changing electric field induces a magnetic

Einstein showed these equations are in field

agreement with the special theory of relativity A changing magnetic field induces an electric

field

65 66

Electromagnetic waves are formed when an When you listen to the radio, watch TV,

electric field couples with a magnetic field. or cook dinner in a microwave oven, you

The magnetic and electric fields of an are using electromagnetic waves.

electromagnetic wave are perpendicular to

Radio waves, television waves, and

each other and to the direction of the wave.

microwaves are all types of

James Clerk Maxwell and Heinrich Hertz

studied how electromagnetic waves are

electromagnetic waves. They differ from

formed and how fast they travel. each other in wavelength.

Wavelength is the distance between

wave crests.

67 68

Electromagnetic Radiation: Scientists have observed that

Electromagnetic waves are produced by electromagnetic radiation has a dual

the motion of electrically charged "personality."

particles.

Besides acting like waves, it acts like a

These waves are also called

"electromagnetic radiation" because they stream of particles (called "photons")

radiate from the electrically charged that have no mass.

particles. The photons with the highest energy

They travel through empty space as well correspond to the shortest wavelengths.

as through air and other substances.

69 70

When matter is heated, it gives off light.

For example, turning on an ordinary light wrong, it still provided insight as to why

bulb causes an electric current to flow electromagnetic radiation is given off.

through a metal filament that heats the It is due to accelerating electrons,

filament and produces light.

The electrical energy absorbed by the contribution is that the radius of the

filament excites the atoms' electrons, causing orbit of the electrons must be

them to "wiggle". constrained to certain values, and not

This absorbed energy released from the atoms just any value. At such a place the

in the form of light. electron could orbit the nucleus and not

71

give off any radiation. 72

Plane em Waves Plane em Waves

Assume that the Assume an em wave

vectors for the that travels in the x

electric and direction with the

magnetic fields in an electric field in the y

em wave have a direction and the

specific space-time magnetic field in the

behavior that is z direction

consistent with

73 74

The x-direction is the direction of A ray is a line along which the wave travels

propagation All the rays for the type of linearly polarized

Waves in which the electric and waves that have been discussed are parallel

magnetic fields are restricted to being The collection of waves is called a plane

wave

parallel to a pair of perpendicular axes

are said to be linearly polarized waves A surface connecting points of equal phase on

all waves, called the wave front, is a

Assume that at any point in space, the geometric plane

magnitudes E and B of the fields depend

upon x and t only

75 76

EM Waves Mechanical Waves Electric vibration, E = E0sin (wt kx)

Can propagate Need a medium Magnetic vibration, B = B0 sin (wt kx)

through vacuum E is perpendicular to B

longitudinal

Originate from Originate from the

changing electric / oscillation of the http://physicsclub.net/physletIndex/waves.html

medium 77 78

EM wave

No charges, no EdA 0

currents closed surface

BdA 0

Changing magnetic closed surface

E B Ey E0 sin( kx t)

2

k

field creates electric

Bz B0 sin(kx t)

d B vx v

Edl E v E/B v

dt 2 f

Changing electric B v f v

d E

k

field creates Bdl 0 0

dt 1 1

magnetic field closed path

v 3.0 108 m / s

12 7

79 0 0 8.85 10 4 10 The speed of light!!

80

EM spectrum Energy in EM wave

EM waves transport energy 1 1

u 0 E2 B2

Energy density: 2 2 0

1 2 1 2

0 E0 B0

2 2

f B0 E0 / c

0

c f unit time per unit area) 1

S E B

0

c speed of light (m/s)

Average energy per unit time per unit area

f frequency (Hz=1/s) 1

S Erms Brms

wavelength (m) 0

81 82

Displacement D follows harmonic oscillation: Intensity of oscillation I

D D0 sin( t ) (energy per unit area/ per

Intensity (brightness for light) I is proportional to sec) is proportional to

electric field squared amplitude squared D2

2 2

I D I I 0 sin ( t ) 3D wave (from energy

Average over time (one period of oscillation) I: conservation):

1

T

1

T D12 4pr12= D22 4pr22

I I0 sin 2 ( t )dt I0 sin 2 ( t )d t

T0 T 0

D1/D2=r2/r1

1

2

1 1

2

I0 Amplitude of the wave is

I0 sin 2 xdx I0 (1 cos 2 x)dx inversely proportional to

2 2 2 0 2 1

0

the distance to the source: D

r

83 84

-like, The components of the electric and

with both E and B satisfying a wave magnetic fields of plane electromagnetic

equation waves are perpendicular to each other

Electromagnetic waves travel at the and perpendicular to the direction of

speed of light propagation

1 This can be summarized by saying that

c electromagnetic waves are transverse

o o

waves

This comes from the solution of

85 86

Properties of em Waves

Details

The magnitudes of the fields in empty

space are related by the expression space, the following partial derivatives can be

found:

c E 2

E 2

E

and

2

B 2

B

B x2

o o

t2 x2

o o

t2

This also comes from the solution of These are in the form of a general wave

the partial differentials obtained from equation, with

v c 1 o o

Substituting the values for and gives

Electromagnetic waves obey the c = 2.99792 x 108 m/s

o o

superposition principle

87 88

E to B Ratio Some Details E to B Ratio Details, cont

The simplest solution to the partial The speed of the electromagnetic

differential equations is a sinusoidal wave is

wave: 2 ?

c

E = Emax cos (kx t) E0 E0 sin(kx t) k 2

B = Bmax cos (kx t) B0 B0 sin(kx t)

Taking partial derivations also gives

The angular wave number is k = 2

Emax E

is the wavelength c

The angular frequency is = 2 Bmax k B

89 90

This is a pictorial Light exhibits a Doppler effect

representation, at Remember, the Doppler effect is an

one instant, of a apparent change in frequency due to

sinusoidal, the motion of an observer or the

linearly polarized source

plane wave Since there is no medium required for

moving in the x light waves, only the relative speed, v,

direction between the source and the observer can

E and B vary be identified

sinusoidally with x 91 92

The equation also depends on the laws For galaxies receding from the Earth v is

of relativity entered as a negative number

c v

? ?

c v

v is the relative speed between the wavelength,

source and the observer actual wavelength

c is the speed of light The light is shifted toward the red end

of the spectrum

light seen by the observer

This is what is observed in the red shift

source

93 94

When normal white light, such as that from

the sun, is passed through a prism, the light

separates into a continuous spectrum of

colors:

Continuous (white light) spectra

Bohr knew that when pure elements were

excited by heat or electricity, they gave off

distinct colors rather than white light.

This phenomenon is most commonly seen

in modern-day neon lights, tubes filled with

gaseous elements (most commonly neon).

95 96

Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic Spectrum

The EM spectrum is the entire range of

White light spectra: wavelengths (or frequencies) of EM waves,

including the visible spectrum

97 98

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths Various types of electromagnetic waves make

between 400 nm and 700 nm is visible. In order of up the em spectrum

decreasing wavelength (increasing frequency), the

There is no sharp division between one kind

colors are red (700 nm), orange, yellow, green,

of em wave and the next

blue, violet (400 nm).

All forms of the various types of radiation are

ray X-ray UV Infrared wave radio produced by the same phenomenon

accelerating charges

Visible

4000Å 7000Å

99 100

Various types of Visible (700 nm to 400

electromagnetic waves, nm): Different

distinguished by frequency or

wavelength, make up the EM wavelengths = different

spectrum. colors

Radio waves (104 m to ~ 0.1 m Ultraviolet (4×10-7 m to 6

): Radio and television

communication ×10-10 m)

Microwaves (0.3 m to 10-4 m): X-rays (10-8 m to 10-12 m)

Radar systems, microwave

ovens Gamma rays (10-10 m to 10-

14 m)

Infrared waves (10-3 m to 7 ×10-

7 m): Produced by hot objects

Emitted by radioactive

and molecules nuclei

101 102

Note the overlap Radio Waves

between types of

Wavelengths of more than 104 m to

waves

about 0.1 m

Visible light is a

small portion of Used in radio and television

the spectrum communication systems

Types are Microwaves

distinguished by Wavelengths from about 0.3 m to 10-4m

frequency or

wavelength Well suited for radar systems

103

Microwave ovens are an application 104

Notes on the EM Spectrum, 2 More About Visible Light

Infrared waves Different

Wavelengths of about 10-3 m to 7 x 10-7 m wavelengths

correspond to

Produced by hot objects and molecules different colors

Readily absorbed by most materials The range is from

Visible light red ( ~7 x 10-7 m)

Part of the spectrum detected by the human to violet ( ~4 x 10-

eye 7 m)

Most sensitive at about 5.5 x 10-7 m (yellow-

green)

105 106

Wavelengths and Colors Ultraviolet light

Covers about 4 x 10-7 m to 6 x10-10 m

Sun is an important source of uv light

Most uv light from the sun is absorbed in

the stratosphere by ozone

X-rays

Wavelengths of about 10-8 m to 10-12 m

Most common source is acceleration of

high-energy electrons striking a metal

target

Used as a diagnostic tool in medicine

107 108

Gamma rays These are images of

Wavelengths of about 10-10m to 10-14 m the Crab Nebula

Emitted by radioactive nuclei They are (clockwise

Highly penetrating and cause serious from upper left)

damage when absorbed by living tissue taken with

Looking at objects in different portions x-rays

of the spectrum can produce different visible light

information radio waves

infrared waves

109 110

Summary

Vibrating objects are sources of waves,

which may be either a pulse or

continuous.

Summary Wavelength: distance between successive

crests.

Frequency: number of crests that pass a

given point per unit time.

Amplitude: maximum height of crest.

Wave velocity, v = f

112

Electromagnetic Vibrations c

Electric vibration, E = E0sin (wt kx)

1

Magnetic vibration, B = B0 sin (wt kx) c

E is perpendicular to B o o

-12 Fm-1 (Free space permittivity)

0 = 8.85 X 10

-7 -1

0 = 4 x 10 Hm (Free space permittivity)

http://physicsclub.net/physletIndex/waves.html

113 114

Region Wavelength Wavelength Frequency Energ

Electromagnetic waves come in many (Angstroms) (centimeters) (Hz) y

(eV)

wavelengths and frequencies.

Radio > 109 > 10 < 3 x 109 < 10-5

Each one is useful in different ways.

10-5 -

Microwave 109 - 106 10 - 0.01 3 x 109 - 3 x 1012

0.01

0.01 -

Infrared 106 - 7000 0.01 - 7 x 10-5 3 x 1012 - 4.3 x 1014

2

7 x 10-5 - 4 x 10- 4.3 x 1014 - 7.5 x

Visible 7000 - 4000 5 2-3

1014

103 -

X-Rays 10 - 0.1 10-7 - 10-9 3 x 1017 - 3 x 1019

http://science.h q.n asa.gov/ki ds/imagers/ems/in dex.html

105

Gamma

< 0.1 < 10-9 > 3 x 1019 > 105

115 Rays 116

- Lighting HandbookDiunggah olehFabio Benitez M
- Lighting HandbookDiunggah olehcarlosmandopinto
- Jacaranda PhysicsDiunggah olehnoah smith
- CK 12 Physics Basic Second EditionDiunggah olehBuda Zorba
- seniorprojectDiunggah olehapi-335669850
- eksplorasiDiunggah olehadityaherlambangsaputra
- Diffuser DesignDiunggah olehgiulioman
- Jsi Mid Year Fiz t5 2017Diunggah olehZune Lee
- Waves Penurunan RumusDiunggah olehRizka
- Transverse WavesDiunggah olehMundu Mustafa
- PhysicsDiunggah olehManishKumar
- JuandavidUnit 1 Step 2 - To Recognize the Electrodynamic and Waves ApplicationsDiunggah olehLiz Ibarra
- 4.1.1a_testDiunggah olehvigneshwarannn
- The Light Chapter-1Diunggah olehwalsaris
- Electromagnetic WavesDiunggah olehHimanshuMathur
- Refraction & Superposition AnswerDiunggah olehgrace_ng_45
- slinky wave labDiunggah olehapi-399778797
- Handbook of Acoustics Ch6Diunggah olehalejandro nova villalba
- E.M. WavesDiunggah olehSatish Sharma
- 7. WAVESDiunggah olehSameer Dar
- cp lab wavesDiunggah olehapi-243289431
- Ultra Som Tech NoteDiunggah olehRules FTW
- IB Physics SL pracitceDiunggah olehtin
- g482 mod 4 2 4 4 stationary wavesDiunggah olehapi-236179294
- ipho_2003_T2-S.pdfDiunggah olehAma Preda
- Electro Mag 1Diunggah olehskc123z
- hs ngss outline physical scienceDiunggah olehapi-370863195
- Electromagnetic Theory ReviewDiunggah olehBlessing Kelechi
- wave vocabDiunggah olehapi-260335088
- UTQz1Diunggah olehmelih

- GravitationDiunggah olehEdnexa
- Chapter16 Magnetic Fields BwDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter13 CapacitorsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter14 Electric CurrentDiunggah oleheltytan
- Neet 2018 Physics Complete Solution Part 1Diunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter18 Alternating CurrentsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter11 Thermal Conduction sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter15 Direct Current CircuitsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter17 Electromagnetic Induction BnwDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter06 Gravitation sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Geometrical OpticsDiunggah olehChloyee Lky
- Chapter10 Thermodynamics of Gases sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter08 Deformation of Solids SsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter07 Statics sDiunggah olehRicky Wong
- Chapter09 Kinetic Theory of Gases sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter05 Circular Motion sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter04 Work Energy and Power sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter03 Dynamics 1Diunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter21 Sound WavesDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter02 Kinematics sDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter 01Diunggah olehChan Karlok
- Holiday Work 01Diunggah olehThuran Nathan
- chapter19_oscillationsDiunggah olehChloyee Lky
- Chapter25 Nuclearphysics SmDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapter23 Wave OpticsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Chapterx LhcDiunggah olehLim Xiu Xian
- Chapter24 0quantum PhysicsDiunggah oleheltytan
- Neet 2018 Physics Complete Solution Part 2Diunggah oleheltytan
- Quantum Physics in MinutesDiunggah oleheltytan

- 1. Ultrasound ImagingDiunggah olehsolomong
- Org Key - Oscillations and Waves SLDiunggah olehsid_naruto
- HAARP Vlf StanfordDiunggah olehVincent J. Cataldi
- concrete slabDiunggah olehGaurav Bargujar
- fizik notesDiunggah olehzul_emi5009
- Microwave Engg Notes-Unit 1Diunggah olehdevanga1
- Synth Secrets, Part 14: An Introduction to Additive SynthesisDiunggah olehscribbler72
- Dynamics of Machinery Questions and AnswersDiunggah olehsivaeinfo
- Principles of Naval Weapons SystemsDiunggah olehmercury7k2
- Phase ModulationDiunggah olehMuhammad Salah Elgabo
- waves1Diunggah olehapi-377518221
- Physics Problems WavesDiunggah olehMalletNjonkem
- Acoustics Loudnes CurveDiunggah olehAlenMomirović
- Waite a d Sonar for Practising EngineersDiunggah olehsea
- Mod Phy > Microwave > Microwaves 3 DoneDiunggah olehapi-3723453
- ch 16Diunggah olehArthur Traferi Nassif
- Electromagnetic WavesDiunggah olehHimanshuMathur
- Physics 11th Test 10Diunggah olehHassan Ali Bhutta
- Sound WavesDiunggah olehgowthami
- Overview of Electromagnetic Waves PapeytDiunggah olehRessee O Rosete
- 02-X-ray diffraction and lattice parameter determination.pdfDiunggah olehsabavoon
- Douglas Sea ScaleDiunggah olehAlex Ruiz
- Ec342 - Electromagnetic Waves and Wave GuidesDiunggah olehsubhaz
- (13)SoundDiunggah olehmamannish7902
- A New Approach to Floor Vibration AnalysisDiunggah olehTiago Castelani
- The Ultrasound MachineDiunggah olehAhmed Sabry
- Audio Basics by Ozzie LDiunggah olehRECE6716
- LABREPORTDiunggah olehpamatanon
- Waves Notes 3na 2012 ANSDiunggah olehLim Kew Chong
- Microwave Comms FinalDiunggah olehSheenly Joy Abalajen