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SPECIFICATION FOR WROUGHT AUSTENITIC

STAINLESS STEEL PIPING FITTINGS

SA-403 /SA-403M

(Identical to ASTM Specification A 403 /A 403M-95 except for clarified heat treatment requirements in 6.1.) 98

1. Scope 1.3 Optional supplementary requirements are pro-


vided. When desired, one or more may be specified
98 1.1 This specification covers two general classes,
in the order.
WP and CR, of wrought austenitic stainless steel fittings
of seamless and welded construction covered by the
1.4 This specification is expressed in both inch-
latest revision of ANSI B16.9, ANSI B16.11, ANSI
pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order
B16.28, MSS Standard Practice SP-79 and MSS Stan-
specifies the applicable “M” specification designation
dard Practice SP-43 and MSS SP-95. Fittings differing
(SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-
from these standards may be furnished in accordance
pound units.
with Supplementary Requirement S9.
1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or
1.1.1 Class WP fittings are subdivided into four
SI units are to be regarded separately as standard.
subclasses: Classes WP-S, WP-W, WP-WX and WP-
Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The
WU. They are manufactured to the requirements of
values stated in each system are not exact equivalents;
ANSI B16.9, B16.11, B16.28, or MSS Standard Practice
therefore, each system must be used independently of
SP-79, and they shall have pressure ratings compatible
the other. Combining values from the two systems may
with 9.2. Class WP-S fittings are those manufactured
result in nonconformance with the specification.
from seamless product by a seamless method of manu-
facture (marked with class symbol WP-S); Class WP-
W fittings contain welds where the fitting fabrication
or construction welds have been radiographed (marked
with class symbol WP-W); Class WP-WX fittings are 2. Referenced Documents
those which contain welds where all welds have been
radiographed (marked with class symbol WP-WX); and 2.1 ASTM Standards:
Class WP-WU fittings are those which contain welds A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergran-
where all welds have been ultrasonically tested (marked ular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
with class symbol WP-WU). A 351 /A 351M Specification for Castings, Austenitic,
Austenitic-Ferritic (Duplex), for Pressure Containing
1.1.2 Class CR fittings are those manufactured to Parts
the requirements of MSS SP-43, and they shall have A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Test-
pressure ratings compatible with 9.3. ing of Steel Products
A 388 /A 388M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of
1.2 This specification does not apply to cast fittings. Heavy Steel Forgings
Cast austenitic-steel piping fittings are covered by Speci- A 480 /A 480M Specification for General Requirements
fications A 351 /A 351M, A 743 /A 743M, and A for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel
744 /A 744M. Plate, Sheet, and Strip

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SA-403 /SA-403M 1998 SECTION II

A 743 /A 743M Specification for Castings, Iron-Chro- 3.1.4 Class WP or CR shall be specified. Class
mium, Iron-Chromium-Nickel, and Nickel-Base Cor- WP fittings may be further defined by specifying Class
rosion Resistant for General Application WP-S, WP-W, WP-WX, or WP-WU,
A 744 /A 744M Specification for Castings, Iron-Chro-
mium-Nickel and Nickel-Base Corrosion Resistant for 3.1.4.1 Unless Class WP-S, WP-W, WP-WX,
Severe Service or WP-WU is specified by the purchaser, any may be
furnished at the option of the supplier,
A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for
Chemical Analysis of Steel Products 3.1.4.2 Class CR fittings shall not be substituted
E 165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Inspection Method for fittings ordered to Class WP, but Class WP may
2.2 ANSI Standards: be substituted for Class CR,
ANSI B16.9 Factor-Made Wrought Steel Butt-Welding 3.1.5 Additional requirements, if any (see 15.6), and 98
Fittings
ANSI B16.11 Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and 3.1.6 Supplementary requirements if any. 98
Threaded
ANSI B16.28 Wrought Steel Butt-Welding Short Radius
Elbows and Returns 4. Material
98 2.3 MSS Standards: 4.1 The material for fittings shall consist of forgings,
MSS SP-25 Standard Marking System for Valves, Fit- bars, plates, or seamless or welded tubular products
tings, Flanges, and Unions that conform to the chemical requirements in Table 1.
MSS SP-43 Standard Practice for Light Weight Stainless
Steel Butt-Welding Fittings 4.2 The steel shall be melted by one of the following
MSS SP-79 Socket-Welding Reducer Inserts processes:
MSS SP-95 Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs 4.2.1 Electric furnace (with separate degassing and
refining optional),
2.4 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code:
Section VIII Division I, Pressure Vessels 4.2.2 Vacuum furnace, or
Section IX Welding Qualifications
4.2.3 One of the former followed by vacuum or
2.5 AWS Standards: electroslag-consumable remelting.
A5.4 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromium
4.3 If secondary melting is employed, the heat shall
and Chromium-Nickel Steel Covered Welding Elec-
be defined as all ingots remelted from a primary heat.
trodes
A5.9 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromium
and Chromium-Nickel Steel Welding Rods and Bare
Electrodes 5. Manufacture

2.6 ASNT: 5.1 Forming — Forging or shaping operations may be


SNT-TC-1A (1984) Recommended Practice for Nonde- performed by hammering, pressing, piercing, extruding,
structive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certifi- upsetting, rolling, bending, fusion welding, machining,
cation or by a combination of two or more of these operations.
The forming procedure shall be so applied that it will
not produce injurious defects in the fittings.
5.2 All classes of fittings shall be heat treated in
3. Ordering Information
accordance with Section 6.
3.1 Orders for fittings under this specification shall
5.3 Fittings ordered as Class WP-S shall be of
include the following information:
seamless construction and shall meet all requirements
3.1.1 Quantity, number of fittings of each kind, of ANSI B16.9, B16.11, B16.28, or MSS SP-79.

3.1.2 Description of fitting and nominal dimension 5.4 Fittings ordered as Class WP-W shall meet the
(standard or special), requirements of ANSI B16.9 or B16.28 and (1) shall
have all welds made by the fitting manufacturer and
3.1.3 Steel composition by grade designation, all pipe welds made with the addition of filler metal

720
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-403 /SA-403M

radiographically examined throughout the entire length 5.13 Weld buildup is permitted to dimensionally
in accordance with the code requirements stated in 5.5; correct unfilled areas produced during cold forming of
and (2) shall not require radiography of the starting stub ends. Radiographic examination of the weld buildup
pipe weld if the pipe was welded without the addition shall not be required provided that all the following
of filler metal. In place of radiographic examination, steps are adhered to:
welds made by the fitting manufacturer may be ultrasoni-
cally examined in accordance with the code require- 5.13.1 The weld procedure and welders or welding
ments stated in 5.6. operators meet the requirements of 5.10.

5.5 Fittings ordered as Class WP-WX shall meet the 5.13.2 Annealing is performed after welding and
requirements of ANSI B16.9 or B16.28 and shall have prior to machining.
all welds, whether made by the fitting manufacturer
or the starting material manufacturer, radiographically 5.13.3 All weld surfaces are liquid penetrant exam-
examined throughout their entire length in accordance ined in accordance with Appendix 8 of Section VIII,
with Paragraph UW-51 of Section VIII, Division I, of Division 1 of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. Code.
5.6 Fittings ordered as Class WP-WU shall meet the 5.13.4 Repair of areas in the weld is permitted,
requirements of ANSI B16.9 or B16.28 and shall have but 5.13.1, 5.13.2, and 5.13.3 must be repeated.
all welds, whether made by the fitting manufacturer
or the starting material manufacturer, ultrasonically 5.13.5 Fittings shall be marked with the symbol 98
examined throughout their entire length in accordance WBU following the alloy designation and classification
with Appendix 12 of Section VIII, Division 1 of the marking (for example: WP 304/304 L-S/WBU, WP
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. 316-W/WBU, etc.).
5.7 The radiography or ultrasonic examination of
welds for this class of fittings may be done at the
option of the manufacturer, either prior to or after
forming. 6. Heat Treatment
5.8 Personnel performing NDE examinations shall 6.1 All fittings shall be furnished in the heat-treated
be qualified in accordance with SNT-TC-1A. condition. For H grades, separate solution heat treat-
5.9 Fittings covered in MSS SP-43 and ordered as ments are required for solution annealing; in-process
CR shall meet the requirements of MSS SP-43 and do heat treatments are not permitted as a substitute for
not require nondestructive examination. the separate solution annealing treatments. The heat-
treat procedure, except for those grades listed in 6.2,
5.10 All classes of fittings shall have the welders, shall consist of solution annealing the fittings at a
welding operators, and welding procedures qualified minimum temperature of 1900°F [1040°C] until the
under the provisions of Section IX of the ASME Boiler chromium carbides go into solution, and then cooling
and Pressure Vessel Code except that starting pipe at a sufficient rate to prevent reprecipitation.
welds made without the addition of filler metal do not
require such qualification. 6.2 Grades 321H, 347H, and 348H shall be solution 98
annealed at 1925°F [1050°C] minimum. S31254 shall
5.11 All joints welded with filler metal shall be be solution annealed at 2100°F [1150°C] minimum.
finished in accordance with the requirements of Para- S33228 shall be solution annealed at 2050°F [1120°C],
graph UW-35(a) of Section VIII, Division I, of the minimum. S34565 shall be solution annealed in the
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. range 2050°F [1120°C] to 2140°F [1170°C]. The maxi-
5.12 Fittings machined from bar shall be restricted mum temperature for solution annealing grades 321,
to NPS 4 or smaller. Elbows, return bends, tees, and 321H, 347, and 347H under 6.1 and 6.2 shall be 2100°F
header tees shall not be machined directly from bar [1150°C].
stock.
6.3 All welding shall be done prior to heat treatment.
5.12.1 All caps machined from bar shall be exam-
ined by liquid penetrant in accordance with Supplemen- 6.4 Fittings machined directly from solution-annealed
tary Requirement S7. forgings and bar stock need not be resolution annealed.

721
SA-403 /SA-403M 1998 SECTION II

7. Chemical Composition condition of heat treatment as the fitting it represents.


Qualification of welding procedures shall be in accord-
7.1 The chemical composition of each cast or heat used
ance with 5.8.
shall be determined and shall conform to the requirements
of the chemical composition for the respective grades of 8.4 If a tension test through the weld is desired,
materials listed in Table 1. The ranges as shown have been Supplementary Requirement S2 should be specified.
expanded to include variations of the chemical analysis
requirements that are listed in the various specifications
for starting materials (pipe, tube, plate, bar, and forgings) 9. Hydrostatic Tests
normally used in the manufacturing of fittings to this speci-
fication. Methods and practices relating to chemical analy- 9.1 Hydrostatic testing is not required by this specifi-
ses required by this specification shall be in accordance cation.
with Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology A 751. 9.2 Each fitting of Class WP shall be capable of
Product analysis tolerances in accordance with Specifica- withstanding without failure, leakage, or impairment of
tion A 480 /A 480M are applicable. serviceability, a test pressure equal to that prescribed
98 7.2 In fittings of welded construction, the alloy content for the specified matching pipe or equivalent material.
(carbon, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, columbium, and
9.3 Each fitting of Class CR, except tees covered
tantalum) of the deposited weld metal shall conform to that
in 9.3.1, shall be capable of withstanding without failure,
required of the base metal or for equivalent weld metal as
leakage, or impairment of serviceability, a test pressure
given in the AWS filler metal specification A5.4 or A5.9
based on the ratings in MSS SP-43.
(Type 348 Weld metal is listed in AWS A5.9, but not in
AWS A5.4). Exceptions are when welding on Types 304L 9.3.1 Class CR tees fabricated using intersection
and 304 base metals, the deposited weld metal shall corre- welds shall be capable of passing a hydrostatic test
spond, respectively, to AWS E308L (ER308L) and E308 based on 70% of the ratings in MSS SP-43.
(ER308); when welding on Type 321 base metal, the weld
metal shall correspond to AWS Type E347 (ER347 or
ER321); and, when welding on S31725, S31726, S31254 10. Surface Quality
or S33228 base metal, the deposited weld metal shall corre-
spond either to the alloy content of the base metal or to 10.1 Fittings supplied under this specification shall
AWS A5.11 E NiCrMo · 3 (UNS W86112) (AWS A5.14 be examined visually. Selected typical surface disconti-
NiCrMo · 3 (UNS N06625)). nuities shall be explored for depth. The fittings shall
be free from surface discontinuities that penetrate more
7.2.1 Supplementary Requirement S8 may be speci- than 5% of the specified nominal wall thickness, except
fied where 16-8-2 filler metal is required for joining as defined in 10.3 and 10.4, and shall have a workman-
thick sections of Types 316, 321, or 347 and has like finish.
adequate corrosion resistance for the intended service.
10.2 Surface discontinuities deeper than 5% of the
specified nominal wall thickness, except as defined in
8. Tensile Properties 10.3 and 10.4, shall be removed by the manufacturer
by machining or grinding to sound metal, and the
8.1 The tensile properties of the fitting material shall repaired areas shall be well faired. The wall thickness
conform to the requirements of Table 2. The testing at all points shall be at least 871⁄2% of the specified
and reporting shall be performed in accordance with nominal wall thickness, and the diameters at all points
Methods and Definitions A 370. shall be within the specified limits.
8.2 Records of the tension test made on the starting 10.3 Surface checks (fish scale) deeper than 1⁄64 in.
material shall be certification that the material of the [0.4 mm] shall be removed.
fitting meets the requirements of this specification pro-
vided that heat treatments are the same. 10.4 Mechanical marks deeper than 1⁄16 in. [1.6 mm]
shall be removed.
8.3 If the raw material was not tested, or if the heat
treatment of the raw material was different than the 10.5 When the removal of a surface discontinuity
heat treatment of the fitting, the fitting manufacturer reduces the wall thickness below 871⁄2% of the specified
shall perform at least one tension test per heat on nominal wall thickness at any point, the fitting shall
material representative of the fitting, and in the same be subject to rejection or to repair as provided in 10.6.

722
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-403 /SA-403M

10.6 Repair by Welding: this specification, may be furnished in accordance with


Supplementary Requirement S9.
10.6.1 Repair of unacceptable imperfections in the
base metal is permissible for fittings made to the
dimensional standards listed in 1.1 or for other standard
fittings made for stock by the manufacturer. Prior 12. Inspection
approval of the purchaser is required to repair special
fittings made to the purchaser’s requirements. Welding 12.1 The manufacturer shall afford the purchaser’s
of unacceptable imperfections in no case shall be permit- inspector all reasonable facilities necessary to satisfy
ted when the depth of defect exceeds 331⁄3% of the him that the material is being furnished in accordance
nominal wall thickness or the defect area exceeds 10% with this specification. Inspection by the purchaser
of the surface area of the fitting. shall not interfere unnecessarily with the manufacturer’s
operations. All examinations and inspections shall be
10.6.2 The welding procedure and welders shall made at the place of manufacture, unless otherwise
be qualified in accordance with Section IX of the agreed upon.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.
12.2 Other tests, when agreed upon, shall be made
10.6.3 The composition of the weld deposits shall from material of the lots covered in the order.
be in accordance with 7.2 and in accordance with the
procedure qualification for the applicable material.
10.6.4 Unacceptable imperfections shall be re- 13. Rejection and Rehearing
moved by mechanical means or by thermal cutting or
gouging methods. Cavities prepared for welding shall 13.1 Material that fails to conform to the requirements
be examined with liquid penetrant in accordance with of this specification may be rejected. Rejection should
Practice E 165. No cracks are permitted in the prepared be reported to the producer or supplier promptly and
cavities. Personnel performing NDE examinations shall in writing. In case of dissatisfaction with the results
be qualified in accordance with SNT-TC-1A. of the tests, the producer or supplier may make claim
for rehearing.
10.6.5 The weld repair shall be permanently identi-
fied with the welder’s stamp or symbol in accordance 13.2 Fittings that develop defects in shop working
with Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure or application operations may be rejected. Upon rejec-
Vessel Code. tion, the manufacturer shall be notified promptly in
writing.
10.6.6 Weld repair area(s) shall be blended uni-
formly to the base metal and shall be examined by
liquid penetrant in accordance with Practice E 165. No
cracks are permitted in the weld or surrounding 1⁄2 in. 14. Certification
[12.7 mm] of base metal. Personnel performing NDE
examinations shall be qualified in accordance with SNT- 14.1 When requested by the purchaser, the manufac-
TC-1A. turer shall provide a certificate of conformance to this
specification. In addition, if requested to provide test
10.6.7 After weld repair, material shall be heat reports, the manufacturer shall also provide the follow-
treated in accordance with Section 6. ing where applicable:
10.7 The fittings shall be free of scale and shall be 14.1.1 Chemical results, Section 7 (Table 1),
passivated.
14.1.2 Tensile results, Section 8 (Table 2). Report
yield strength and ultimate strength in ksi [MPa] and
11. Dimensions percent elongation.
11.1 For fittings covered by ANSI B16.9, ANSI 14.1.3 Type of heat treatment, Section 6 or Supple-
B16.11, ANSI B16.28, MSS SP-43, or MSS SP-79, mentary Requirement S10,
the sizes, shapes, and dimensions of the fittings shall
be as specified in those standards. 14.1.4 Starting material; plate, bar, pipe (specify
welded or seamless), forging,
11.1.1 Fittings of size or shape differing from
these standards, but meeting all other requirements of 14.1.5 Seamless or welded construction,

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SA-403 /SA-403M 1998 SECTION II

14.1.6 Any supplemental testing required by the 15.3.1 The prescribed information for cold-formed
purchase order, and stub ends with weld buildup shall be: the manufacturer’s
name or trademark (Note 1), schedule number or nomi-
14.1.7 Heat identification. nal wall thickness designation, class, size, grade (listed
in Table 1) WBU, and heat number or manufacturer’s
14.2 Certification shall state whether welds have been heat identification.
examined radiographically or ultrasonically.
15.4 The prescribed information for threaded or
socket-welding fittings shall be: the manufacturer’s
name or trademark (Note 1), pressure class or schedule
number, class and grade (Table 1), and the heat number
15. Product Marking
or manufacturer’s heat identification.
15.1 All fittings shall have the prescribed information
NOTE 1 — For purposes of identification marking, the manufacturer
stamped or otherwise suitably marked on each fitting is considered the organization that certifies that the piping component
in accordance with the latest edition of MSS SP-25. complies with this specification.

15.2 Marking paint or ink shall not contain harmful 15.5 Fittings meeting the chemical and mechanical
amounts of chlorides, metals, or metallic salt, such as property requirements of Tables 1 and 2 for more than
zinc or copper, that cause corrosive attack on heating. one class or grade may be marked with more than
one class or grade designation, such as WP304 /304H;
On wall thicknesses thinner than 0.083 in. [2.1 mm],
WP304 /304L; WP304 /304L /304N; WP316 /316L, etc.
no metal impression stamps shall be used. Vibrating
pencil marking is acceptable. 15.6 Bar Coding — In addition to the requirements 98
in 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, and 15.5, bar coding is
15.3 The prescribed information for butt-welding acceptable as a supplemental identification method. The
fittings shall be: the manufacturer’s name or trademark purchaser may specify in the order a specific bar coding
(Note 1), schedule number or nominal wall thickness system to be used. The bar coding system, if applied
designation, size, class, grade (Table 1), and the heat at the discretion of the supplier, should be consistent
number or manufacturer’s heat identification. The “S” with one of the published industry standards for bar
suffix need not be added to the material grade for coding. If used on small fittings, the bar code may be
threaded or socket-welded fittings. applied to the box or a substantially applied tag.

724
98 TABLE 1
CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTSA

Marking SymbolA Class and Grade

WP Class Fittings CR Class Fittings C′ Mn′ P′ S′ Si′ Ni Cr Mo Ti N2″ Others

WP 304 CR 304 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 8.00–11.0 18.0–20.0 ... . . . ... . . .
WP 304H CR 304H 0.04–0.10 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 8.00–11.0 18.0–20.0 ... . . . ... . . .
WP 304L CR 304L 0.035B 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 8.00–13.0 18.0–20.0 ... . . . ... . . .
WP 304LN CR 304LN 0.030 2.00 0.040 0.030 0.75 8.00–10.50 18.0–20.0 ... . . . 0.10–0.16 . . .
WP 304N CR 304N 0.08 2.00 0.040 0.030 0.75 8.00–11.0 18.0–20.0 ... . . . 0.10–0.16 . . .
WP 309 CR 309 0.15 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 12.0–15.0 22.0–24.0 ... . . . ... . . .
WP 310 CR 310 0.15 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.50 19.0–22.0 24.0–26.0 ... . . . ... . . .
WP 316 CR 316 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 10.0–14.0 16.0–18.0 2.00–3.00 . . . ... . . .
WP 316H CR 316H 0.04–0.10 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 10.0–14.0 16.0–18.0 2.00–3.00 . . . ... . . .
WP 316LN CR 316LN 0.030 2.00 0.040 0.030 0.75 11.0–14.0 16.0–18.0 2.00–3.00 . . . 0.10–0.16 . . .
WP 316L CR 316L 0.035B 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 10.0–16.0C 16.0–18.0 2.00–3.00 . . . ... . . .
WP 316N CR 316N 0.08 2.00 0.040 0.030 0.75 11.0–14.0 16.0–18.0 2.00–3.00 . . . 0.10–0.16 . . .
WP 317 CR 317 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 11.0–15.0 18.0–20.0 3.00–4.00 . . . ... . . .
WP 317L CR 317L 0.030 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 11.0–15.0 18.0–20.0 3.00–4.00 . . . ... . . .
WP 321 CR 321 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... D ... . . .
WP 321H CR 321H 0.04–0.10 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... E ... . . .
WP 347 CR 347 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... ... ... F
G

725
WP 347H CR 347H 0.04–0.10 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... ... ...
WP 348 CR 348 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... ... ... TaF p 0.10
max
WP 348H CR 348H 0.04–0.10 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 9.00–13.0 17.0–20.0 ... ... ... TaG p 0.10
max
WP XM19 CR XM19 0.060 4.00–6.00 0.040 0.030 1.00 11.5–13.5 20.5–23.5 1.50–3.00 . . . 0.20–0.40 J

WP S31254 CR S31254 0.020 1.00 0.030 0.010 0.80 17.50–18.50 19.50–20.50 6.00–6.50 . . . 0.18–0.22 Cu 0.50–1.00
WP S31725 CF S31725 0.030 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 13.5–17.5 18.0–20.0 4.0–5.0 . . . 0.10 max Cu 0.75 max
WP S31726 CR S31726 0.030 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 13.5–17.5 17.0–20.0 4.0–5.0 . . . 0.10–0.20 Cu 0.75 max
WP S34565 CR S34565 0.03 5.0–7.0 0.030 0.010 1.00 16.0–18.0 23.0–25.0 4.0–5.0 . . . 0.4–0.6 Cb p 0.1 max
WP S33228 CR S33228 0.04–0.08 1.0 0.020 0.015 0.30 31.0–33.0 26.0–28.0 ... . . . ... Ce 0.05–0.10
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

Al 0.025
Cb 0.6–1.0
NOTES:
A In addition to the WP class designation, WP fittings shall be marked with the additional symbols indicated in 1.1.1 (that is; WP 304S, WP 304W, WP 304WX).
B For small diameter or thin walls, or both, where many drawing passes are required, a carbon maximum of 0.040% is necessary in grades TP 304L and TP 316L. Small outside diameter

tubes are defined as those less than 0.500 in. [12.7 mm] in outside diameter and light wall tubes as those less than 0.049 in. [1.24 mm] in average wall thickness.
C On pierced tubing, the nickel may be 11.0–16.00%.
D The titanium content shall be not less than five times the carbon content and not more than 0.70%.
E The titanium content shall be not less than four times the carbon content and not more than 0.70%.
F The columbium plus tantalum content shall be not less than ten times the carbon content and not more than 1.10%.
G The columbium plus tantalum content shall be not less than eight times the carbon content and not more than 1.10%.
H The method of analysis for nitrogen shall be a matter of agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.
I Maximum, unless otherwise indicated.
SA-403 /SA-403M

J Columbium plus tantalum, 0.10–0.30%: vanadium, 0.10–0.30%.


SA-403 /SA-403M 1998 SECTION II

TABLE 2
TENSILE REQUIREMENTS 98

Yield Strength, min, Tensile Strength, min,


Grade ksi [MPa] ksi [MPa]

304, 304LN, 304H, 309, 30 [205] 75 [515]


310, 316, 316LN, 316H,
317, 317L, 321, 321H,
347, 347H, 348, 348H,
S31725
304L, 316L 25 [170] 70 [485]
304N, 316N, S31725 35 [240] 80 [550]
XM-19 55 [380] 100 [690]
S31254 44 [300] 94 [650] to 119 [820]
S33228 27 [185] 73 [500]
S34565 60 [415] 115 [795]

Elongation Requirements

Longitudinal Transverse

Standard round specimen, or 28 20


small proportional specimen,
or strip-type specimen, mini-
mum % in 4 D

726
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-403 /SA-403M

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELDING FITTINGS REQUIRING


SPECIAL CONSIDERATION

One or more of the supplementary requirements described below may be included in


the purchaser’s inquiry or in the order or contract. When so included, a supplementary
requirement shall have the same force as if it were in the body of the specification.
Supplementary requirement details not fully described shall be agreed upon between
the purchaser and the supplier.

S1. Product Analysis (Note 2) S3. Intergranular Corrosion Bend Test (Note 1)
S1.1 A product analysis shall be made for each heat S3.1 One intergranular corrosion bend test shall be
of base metal and, if of welded construction, from made on one fitting or representative test piece (Note
each lot number of welding material of the fittings 2) per lot (Note 3) of fittings. If the fittings are of
offered for delivery and shall conform to the require- welded construction, the bend specimen shall include
ments specified in Section 4. the weld and be prepared so that the weld is at
the midlength location of the specimen. Specimens
containing a weld shall be bent so that the location
of weld is at the point of maximum bend. The method
of testing shall be in accordance with Practice E of
S2. Tension Test (Note 2) Practices A 262.

S2.1 One tension test shall be made on one fitting S3.2 Types 304L, 316L, 317L, 321, 347, and 348 shall
or representative test piece (Note 3) per lot (Note 4) be tested after a heat treatment capable of producing
of fittings. If the fittings are of welded construction, sensitization. In the case of the other chromium-nickel
the tension specimen shall include the weld and be steels (Series 300), the test shall be conducted on
prepared so that the weld is at the midlength of the specimens representative of the material in the annealed
specimen. condition.

NOTE 2 — If the results of any of the tests specified in Supplementary


Requirements S1, S2, or S3 do not conform to requirements, retests
may be made at the manufacturer’s expense on additional fittings
or representative test pieces of double the original number from the S4. Ultrasonic Test
same heat or lot as defined in Supplementary Requirements S1, S2,
or S3, each of which shall conform to the requirements specified. S4.1 Each fitting of the raw material from which
each fitting is made shall be ultrasonically tested to
NOTE 3 — Where the test specimen for the tension or intergranular determine its soundness. The method, where applicable,
corrosion bend test cannot be taken from a fitting due to size shall be in accordance with Practice A 388. Acceptance
limitations, a representative test piece shall be obtained. The test
piece shall be from the same lot it represents and shall have limits shall be specified by the purchaser. Personnel
approximately the same amount of working. In addition, these pieces performing the examination shall be qualified in accord-
representing fittings manufactured from bars, plate, or forgings shall ance with SNT-TC-1A.
have a cross section equal to the greatest cross section of the fitting,
and test pieces representing fittings manufactured from pipe shall
have an outside diameter and wall thickness equal to those of the
fitting. The test piece for fittings of welded construction shall be
prepared to the same weld procedures and from the same heat of
materials as the fittings it represents. S5. Photomicrographs
S5.1 Photomicrographs at 100 diameters shall be
NOTE 4 — A lot shall consist of all fittings of the same type, size,
and wall thickness, manufactured from one heat of material (and, if made, for information only, of the actual base metal
fabrication welding is performed using one lot number of electrode structure from one fitting as furnished in each lot. The
or one heat of weld wire), and heat treated using the same heat- photomicrographs shall be identified as to fittings size,
treat cycle in either a continuous or batch-type furnace controlling
within a range of 50°F [28°C] and equipped with recording pyrometers wall thickness, lot identification, and heat. The definition
so that complete records of heat treatment are available. of “lot” shall be as specified by the purchaser.

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SA-403 /SA-403M 1998 SECTION II

S6. Surface Finish S9. Special Fittings


S6.1 Machined surfaces shall have a maximum S9.1 Partial compliance fittings of size and shape 98
roughness of 250 min. [6.4 mm] arithmetical average. not conforming to the dimensional requirements of
All other surfaces shall be suitable for ultrasonic test. ANSI B16.9, B16.11, B16.28, MSS SP-79, or MSS
SP-95 shall meet all other requirements of this specifica-
tion. In addition to the marking required in Section
S7. Liquid Penetrant Test 15, the grade designation symbol shall be followed by
the symbol “S9”.
S7.1 All surfaces shall be liquid penetrant tested.
The method shall be in accordance with Practice E
165. Personnel performing the examination shall be
qualified in accordance with SNT-TC-1A. S10. Stabilization Treatment
S10.1 Grades 321, 347, and 348 shall receive a
stabilization treatment instead of a solution anneal as
S8. Special Filler Metal
required by 6.2. The stabilization treatment shall consist
S8.1 Filler metal shall be AWS Type E16-8-2 or of holding the fittings at 1500 to 1600°F [815 to 870°C]
ER 16-8-2 (AWS Specifications A5.4 and A5.9, respec- for a minimum of 2 h /in. [4.7 min /mm] of thickness
tively). Fittings welded with 16-8-2 weld metal shall and then cooling in the furnace or in air. In addition
be marked WP HRW or CR HRW, as to the marking required in Section 15, the grade designa-
appropriate. tion symbol shall be followed by the symbol “S10”.

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