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# Jacobs University Bremen

## General Electrical Engineering - I

(GenEE - I)

Exercise Book
Student Version
Course Number: CH10-300101
Undergraduate Program in Electrical Engineering

## September 13, 2016

Contents Fall 2016

Contents
Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy 1

References 49

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 1

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

## Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy

Solve the following problems from the book by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

1.4 The current flowing through a device is i(t) = 5 sin(6πt) A. Calculate the total charge flow
through the device from t = 0 to t = 10 ms.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 1

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.6 The charge entering a certain element is shown in Fig. 1.20. Find the current at:
(a) t = 1 ms.
(b) t = 6 ms.
(c) t = 10 ms.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 2

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.10 A certain electrical element draws the current i(t) = 10 cos(4t) A at a voltage v(t) =
120 cos(4t) V. Find the energy absorbed by the element in 2 s.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 3

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

## 1.14 Figure 1.25 shows a circuit with five elements. If p1 = −205 W, p2 = 60 W, p4 = 45 W,

p5 = 30 W, calculate the power p3 received or delivered by element 3.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 4

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.15 Find the power absorbed by each of the elements in Fig. 1.26.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 5

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.23 A constant current of 3 A for 4 hours is required to charge an automotive battery. If the
terminal voltage is 10 + t/2 V, where t is in hours,

## (a) how much charge is transported as a result of the charging?

(b) how much energy is expended?
(c) how much does the charging cost? Assume electricity costs 9 cents/kWh.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 6

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.24 A 30-W incandescent lamp is connected to a 120-V source and is left burning continuously
in an otherwise dark staircase. Determine:

## (a) the current through the lamp,

(b) the cost of operating the light for one non-leap year if electricity costs 12 cents per
kWh.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 7

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.27 A telephone wire has a current of 20 µA flowing through it. How long does it take for a
charge of 15 C to pass through the wire?

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 8

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.29 The power consumption for a certain household for a day is shown in Fig. 1.29. Determine:
(a) the total energy consumed in kWh,
(b) the average power per hour.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 9

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.1 If the voltage across a 5−F capacitor is 2t exp (−3t) V, find the current and the power.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 10

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.4 A current of 6 sin 4t A flows through a 2-F capacitor. Find the voltage v(t) across the
capacitor given that v(0) = 1 V.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 11

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.36 The current through a 12-mH inductor is 4 sin 100t A. Find the voltage, and also the energy
π
stored in the inductor for 0 < t < 200 s.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 12

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 13

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

## Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy

Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander, et al. [AS07] and Irwin, et al. [IN11].

2.8 Use KCL to obtain currents i1 , i2 , and i3 in the circuit shown below [AS07].

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 14

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 15

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

2.3 Find the resistance of the network in Fig. 2.3 at the terminals A-B [IN11].

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 16

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 17

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

3.25 Use nodal analysis along with MATLAB to determine the node voltages in Fig. 3.74 [AS07].

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 18

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

2.4 Find the resistance of the network shown in Fig. 2.4 at the terminals A-B [IN11].

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 19

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.
[IN11] J. David Irwin and R. Mark Nelms. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 10th. John
Wiley & Sons, 2011.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 20

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

## Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems

Solve the following problems from the book by Alexander, et al. [AS07].

4.11 Apply the superposition principle to find vo in the circuit of Fig. 4.79.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 21

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 22

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 23

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 24

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.25 Find the Thevenin equivalent looking into terminals a − b of the circuit in Fig. 4.96 and
solve for ix .

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 25

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.40 Obtain the Norton equivalent of the circuit in Fig. 4.100 to the left of terminals a − b. Use
the result to find current i.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 26

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.79 A common-emitter amplifier circuit is shown in Fig. 4.128. Obtain the Thevenin equivalent
to the left of points B and E.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 27

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 28

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

## Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements

Solve the following problems from the book by Agarwal and Lang [AL05].

1 For the diode shown in Figure below, determine the value of iD for vD = 0.5 V, 0.6 V and
0.7 V. We are given that VTH = 0.025 V and Is =1 pA.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 29

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

## 2 Consider two identical semiconductor diodes, each of which has an v − i relation:

ID = Is (evD /VT H − 1)

Find the relation of i to v for the pair connected in parallel as shown in below. Find the
relation of i to v for the pair connected in series.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 30

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 31

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 32

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

References
[AL05] Anant Agarwal and Jeffrey Lang. Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits.
Elsevier, 2005.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 33

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

## Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision

Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 34

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 35

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 36

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 37

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 38

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.54 Find the maximum power that can be delivered to the resistor R.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 39

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.101 Find Norton equivalent circuit between: (i) a and b, and (ii) c and d.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 40

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 41

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

## Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits

Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

Laplace Transform
1. Find the laplace transform of:
(
−αt 1 if t ≥ 0
(a) f (t) = e u(t), α > 0, where u(t) =
0 if t < 0

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 42

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

## Second Order Circuits

1. What is the natural response of the following circuit? Is it overdamped, underdamped, or
critically damped? Take R = 40 Ω, L = 4 H, and C = 1/4 F.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 43

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

2. Now take a parallel source free RLC circuit: Consider v(0) = 5 V, i(0) = 0, L = 1 H, and

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 44

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 45

Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

## Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits

1. Find ZAB (s) and then find V2 (s) in the following circuit.

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 46

Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 47

Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

 
0 1
3. For the above question, determine the solution of X(s) if A = , input is 0 and
−1 −1
 
1
x0 = .
1

## Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 48

References Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.
[IN11] J. David Irwin and R. Mark Nelms. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 10th. John
Wiley & Sons, 2011.
[AL05] Anant Agarwal and Jeffrey Lang. Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits.
Elsevier, 2005.