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Jacobs University Bremen

School of Engineering and Sciences

General Electrical Engineering - I


(GenEE - I)

Exercise Book
Student Version
Course Number: CH10-300101
Undergraduate Program in Electrical Engineering

Author: Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu

September 13, 2016


Contents Fall 2016

Contents
Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy 1

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy 14

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems 21

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements 29

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision 34

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits 42

Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits 46

References 49

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 1


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy


Solve the following problems from the book by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

1.4 The current flowing through a device is i(t) = 5 sin(6πt) A. Calculate the total charge flow
through the device from t = 0 to t = 10 ms.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 1


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.6 The charge entering a certain element is shown in Fig. 1.20. Find the current at:
(a) t = 1 ms.
(b) t = 6 ms.
(c) t = 10 ms.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 2


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.10 A certain electrical element draws the current i(t) = 10 cos(4t) A at a voltage v(t) =
120 cos(4t) V. Find the energy absorbed by the element in 2 s.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 3


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.14 Figure 1.25 shows a circuit with five elements. If p1 = −205 W, p2 = 60 W, p4 = 45 W,


p5 = 30 W, calculate the power p3 received or delivered by element 3.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 4


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.15 Find the power absorbed by each of the elements in Fig. 1.26.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 5


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.23 A constant current of 3 A for 4 hours is required to charge an automotive battery. If the
terminal voltage is 10 + t/2 V, where t is in hours,

(a) how much charge is transported as a result of the charging?


(b) how much energy is expended?
(c) how much does the charging cost? Assume electricity costs 9 cents/kWh.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 6


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.24 A 30-W incandescent lamp is connected to a 120-V source and is left burning continuously
in an otherwise dark staircase. Determine:

(a) the current through the lamp,


(b) the cost of operating the light for one non-leap year if electricity costs 12 cents per
kWh.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 7


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.27 A telephone wire has a current of 20 µA flowing through it. How long does it take for a
charge of 15 C to pass through the wire?

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 8


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

1.29 The power consumption for a certain household for a day is shown in Fig. 1.29. Determine:
(a) the total energy consumed in kWh,
(b) the average power per hour.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 9


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.1 If the voltage across a 5−F capacitor is 2t exp (−3t) V, find the current and the power.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 10


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.4 A current of 6 sin 4t A flows through a 2-F capacitor. Find the voltage v(t) across the
capacitor given that v(0) = 1 V.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 11


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

6.36 The current through a 12-mH inductor is 4 sin 100t A. Find the voltage, and also the energy
π
stored in the inductor for 0 < t < 200 s.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 12


Exercise 1: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 13


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy


Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander, et al. [AS07] and Irwin, et al. [IN11].

2.8 Use KCL to obtain currents i1 , i2 , and i3 in the circuit shown below [AS07].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 14


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

2.12 Determine v1 through v3 in the circuit in Fig. 2.75 [AS07].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 15


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

2.3 Find the resistance of the network in Fig. 2.3 at the terminals A-B [IN11].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 16


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

3.21 Find vo and io in the circuit in Fig. 3.69 [AS07].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 17


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

3.25 Use nodal analysis along with MATLAB to determine the node voltages in Fig. 3.74 [AS07].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 18


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

2.4 Find the resistance of the network shown in Fig. 2.4 at the terminals A-B [IN11].

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 19


Exercise 2: Charge, Current, Power and Energy Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.
[IN11] J. David Irwin and R. Mark Nelms. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 10th. John
Wiley & Sons, 2011.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 20


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems


Solve the following problems from the book by Alexander, et al. [AS07].

4.11 Apply the superposition principle to find vo in the circuit of Fig. 4.79.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 21


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.15 Find vx in Fig. 4.83 by superposition.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 22


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.24 Use source transformation to find vo in the circuit of Fig. 4.89.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 23


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.25 Determine vx in the circuit of Fig. 4.90 using source transformation.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 24


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.25 Find the Thevenin equivalent looking into terminals a − b of the circuit in Fig. 4.96 and
solve for ix .

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 25


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.40 Obtain the Norton equivalent of the circuit in Fig. 4.100 to the left of terminals a − b. Use
the result to find current i.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 26


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

4.79 A common-emitter amplifier circuit is shown in Fig. 4.128. Obtain the Thevenin equivalent
to the left of points B and E.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 27


Exercise 3: Circuit Theorems Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 28


Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements


Solve the following problems from the book by Agarwal and Lang [AL05].

1 For the diode shown in Figure below, determine the value of iD for vD = 0.5 V, 0.6 V and
0.7 V. We are given that VTH = 0.025 V and Is =1 pA.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 29


Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

2 Consider two identical semiconductor diodes, each of which has an v − i relation:

ID = Is (evD /VT H − 1)

Find the relation of i to v for the pair connected in parallel as shown in below. Find the
relation of i to v for the pair connected in series.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 30


Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

3 Find i for this case.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 31


Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

4 Find the Thevenin equivalent for the following circuit:

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 32


Exercise 4: Non Linear Circuit Elements Fall 2016

References
[AL05] Anant Agarwal and Jeffrey Lang. Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits.
Elsevier, 2005.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 33


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision


Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

3.49 Find vx , ix using mesh analysis.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 34


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.8 Find Vab using superposition.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 35


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.15 Find vx , ix using superposition.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 36


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.19 Find i using source transformation

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 37


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.33 Find Thevenin equivalent circuit between a and b.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 38


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.54 Find the maximum power that can be delivered to the resistor R.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 39


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

4.101 Find Norton equivalent circuit between: (i) a and b, and (ii) c and d.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 40


Exercise 5: Circuit Theorems Revision Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 41


Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits


Solve the following problems from the books by Alexander and Sadiku [AS07].

Laplace Transform
1. Find the laplace transform of:
(
−αt 1 if t ≥ 0
(a) f (t) = e u(t), α > 0, where u(t) =
0 if t < 0

(b) y 00 − 5y 0 + 6y = 0; y(0) = −3, y 0 (0) = −4

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 42


Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

Second Order Circuits


1. What is the natural response of the following circuit? Is it overdamped, underdamped, or
critically damped? Take R = 40 Ω, L = 4 H, and C = 1/4 F.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 43


Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

2. Now take a parallel source free RLC circuit: Consider v(0) = 5 V, i(0) = 0, L = 1 H, and

C = 10 mF. What would the natural response of the circuit be if R = 5Ω?

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 44


Exercise 6: Transients and Second order Circuits Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 45


Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits


1. Find ZAB (s) and then find V2 (s) in the following circuit.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 46


Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

2. Write the state space representation of the following circuit.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 47


Exercise 7: Higher Order Circuits Fall 2016

 
0 1
3. For the above question, determine the solution of X(s) if A = , input is 0 and
−1 −1
 
1
x0 = .
1

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 48


References Fall 2016

References
[AS07] Charles K. Alexander and Matthew M. O. Sadiku. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits.
3rd. Mc-Graw-Hill, 2007.
[IN11] J. David Irwin and R. Mark Nelms. Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis. 10th. John
Wiley & Sons, 2011.
[AL05] Anant Agarwal and Jeffrey Lang. Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits.
Elsevier, 2005.

Prof. Dr. Giuseppe Abreu 49