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# FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Mark

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA obtained

INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
MECHANICS OF MATERIALS / MEC411
MARCH – JULY 2018
(Due date : Tuesday 22 May 2018)
NAME
MATRIC NO.
GROUP
LECTURER’S NAME

Instructions:
1. Students are required to conduct the exercise individually.
2. Contents of the final report should consist of the following items:
i. Problem statement and Objectives
ii. Introduction – explain briefly on the related theories, principles and formulae.
iii. Analysis and Results – the main solution including FBDs, assumptions, equilibrium
equations, shear and moment diagrams, calculation of normal, shear and bending stress,
calculation of strain and deformation, deflection equation and other related contents.
iv. Discussion and Conclusion
v. References – textbook, journals, technical reports

## After completing this task, students should be able to:

CO1 Apply the basic concepts and fundamental principles in solid mechanics. [PO1, LO1, SS1] {C2}
CO2 Analyze the state of stress and strain in elastic mechanical members under various loading
conditions. [PO2,LO3, SS1]{C4}
CO3 Evaluate the solid mechanics elements involved in mechanical designs of engineering structures.
[PO4, LO3, SS1]{C5}

## Report Assessment Scale Weightage Total

Introduction and objectives 1.0
Assumptions 1.0
Schematic diagram and Free body diagrams 1.0
Results and calculations 3.0
Discussions 2.0
Conclusions 1.6
References 0.4
TOTAL / 50

Scale 1 2 3 4 5
Level Poor Acceptable Excellent
PROBLEM:
A steel pipe with 300 mm outer diameter and thickness of 75 mm is to be lifted while maintaining
good balance (horizontally) throughout the process. For this purpose, two rigid yoke is attached
to the pipe with 3.5m distance as shown in the Figure 1 below. Next, two cables with 3 m length
is used to connect both yokes to a single point A.

## Use basic properties of the pipe as listed below:

weight = 120 kg/m, Length = 6 m, Modulus of Elasticity = 200 GPa.

a) Determine the maximum normal stress and maximum shear stress of the steel pipe.
b) Determine the maximum deflection and the position where it will occur.
c) Define two methods to minimise the deflection in the steel pipe in terms of the design
parameter (for example in relation to the diameter, thickness, etc)
d) Suggest the most suitable parameter and material to be used as the cable. Justify your