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Soal UAS Grup II

Ronal Marada Pakpahan 02211640000110


Ahmad Adnan 02211640000103
Donny
Safitri
Najlaa
Rian Manika
Maria Stella
Sonia Hidayati
A synthesis gas containing CO, H2 and a neglected amount of CH4 with
a CO/H2 ratio of 1/2.9 is to be converted to methane via the reaction
CO + 3H2 CH4 + H2O
Using recycle system shown below. The reactor is operated at a
temperature of 1000oF. The final product stream contains 50% CH4 and
12% CO. A coller cools the reactor effluent stream to 500oF. The
separator result in a recycle gas stream containing 1% H2O and pure
liquid water stream, both at 100oF. Both, the feed and the product
streams are at 200oF. For a methane production rate of 100 lbmol/h.
Mixe
<1 r <2 <3 <4
> > REACTOR > >

HE
<9
>

Loading… <5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
1. Molar flow rate and composition of stream <1>, <6>, and
<8>
a. Show the system
Mixe
<1 r <2 <3 <4
> > REACTOR > >

HE
<9
>

<5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
b. Prove number of unknown equal to number of independent
equations
CO : a % CO : 12 %
H2 : 100-a H2 : b %
<1> = ? % <6> = 2 x mCH4
Lbmol/h CH4 : 50 % = 2 x 100 lbmol/h
CH4 : 0 % H2O : 38-b = 200 lbmol/h
H2O : 0 % %
CO : 0 CH4 : 0 %
% H2O : 100 %
Loading…
H2 : 0
%
<8> = ?
Lbmol/h
Unknown : <1>, <1>CO, <6>H2, <8>
Independent Equation :
H2 : <1>H2 – reactH2 = <6>H2 + <8>H2 … (1)
H2O : <1>H2O + genH2O = <6>H2O + <8>H2O … (2)
CO : <1>CO - reactCO = <6>CO + <8>CO … (3)
c. Solve

Pers. Reaksi CO + 3H2 ---> CH4 + H2O


M

R 100 300 100 100


reactco reactH2 genH2O

S
• Menghitung nilai <1> dari Pers. 3
CH4 : 0,256 . <1> - reactCO = 0,12 . 200 + 0 . <8>
0,256 . <1> - 100 = 24 + 0
<1> = 484,375 lbmol/h

• Menghitung nilai b dari Pers. 1


H2 : 0,744 . <1> – reactH2 = b . <6> + 0 . • Menghitung nilai <8> dari Pers. 2
<8> H2O : 0 . <1> + genH2O = <6>H2O + 1 .
360,375 – 300 = b . 200 + 0 <8>
b = 0,302 (30,2%) 0 + 100 = 15,6 + <8>
<6>H2O = (0,38 – b).200 = (0,38 – <8> = 84,4 lbmol/h
0,302).200
= 0,078.200
= 15,6 lbmol/h (7,8% H2O at <6>)
2. Molar flow rate and composition of stream <5>, <7>, and
<9>
a. Show the system
Mixe
<1 r <2 <3 <4
> > REACTOR > >

HE
<9
>

<5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
b. Prove number of unknown equal to number of independent
equations
CO : 12 % CO : c %
H2 : H2 : d %
<5> = ? 30,2% <9> = ?
Lbmol/h CH4 : 99-c-d Lbmol/h
CH4 : 50 %
% H2O : 1 %
H2O : 7,8 CO : 0 CO : 12 %
% % H2 : 30,2
H2 :: 00 %
CH4 %
CH4 : 50 %
%
H2O : 100 % H2O : 7,8 %
<8> = 84,4 <6> = 200
Unknown : <5>, Lbmol/h
<9>CO, <9>H2, <9>Lbmol/h
Independent Equation :
H2 : <5>H2 = <6>H2 + <9>H2 + <8>H2 … (5)
H2O : <5>H2O = <6>H2O + <9>H2O + <8>H2O … (6)
CO : <5>CO = <6>CO + <9>CO + <8>CO … (7)
CH4 : <5>CH4 = <6>CH4 + <9>CH4 + <8>CH4 … (8)
• Menghitung nilai <5> dari Pers. 6
c. Solve H2O : 0,078 . <5> = 0,078 . 200 + 0,01 . <9> + 84,4
<5> = 1282,051 + 0,128 <9> … (9)

• Menghitung nilai d dari Pers. 5 • Menghitung nilai c dari Pers. 7

• Hubungan c dan d • Substitusi pers. 9 dan 12

• Eliminasi pers. 8 dan 11


0,5.<5> = 0,5.200 + (0,99-3,516c) <9> + 0
0,422.<5> = 0,422.200 + 3,516c.<9> + 0
0,922 <5> = 0,922.200 + 0,99 <9> … (12)
• Substitusi nilai <5> dan <9> pada persamaan 10 dan 11

Loading…
3. The temperature of stream <10>
a. Show the system
Mixe
<1 r <2 REACTOR <3 <4
> > > >

HE
<9
>

<5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
b. Solve
CO : 12 % CO : 12 %
H2 : H2 : 30,2
30,2% %
<4> = 1428,460 CH4 : 50 CH4 : 50 %<5> = 1428,460
T<5> = 200oF = 93,3
T<4> = 500oF =
Lbmol/h % H2O : 7,8 %Lbmol/h
260oC oC
H2O : 7,8
T<9> =100oF = T<10> = ?
%
CO : 12,9 CO : 12,9 <10> =oF1143,817 Lbmol/h
<9> = 1143,817
37,7oC
Lbmol/h % %
H2 : 32,4 H2 : 32,4
% %
• CH4 : 53,7 CH4 : 53,7
% %
H2O : 1 % H2O : 1 %


4. Molar flow rate, composition and temperature of stream
<2>
a. Show the system
Mixe
<1 r <2 <3 <4
> > REACTOR > >

HE
<9
>

<5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
b. Solve
CO : 25,6 CO : p %
T<4> = 200oF = 93,3 % H2 : q %
oC <2> = ?
H2 :
<1> = 484,375 74,4% CH4 : r % Lbmol/h
Lbmol/h H2O : 1-p-q-r
CH4 : 0 % CO : 12,9 %
H2O : 0 % %
T<4> = 678,83oF = 359,350
H2 : 32,4
oC
%
CH4
<10>: =53,7
1143,817
%Lbmol/h
H2 : <2>H2 = <1>H2 + <10>H2 …: 1(13)
H2O %
H2O : <2>H2O = <1>H2O + <10>H2O … (14)
CO : <2>CO = <1>CO + <10>CO … (15)
CH4 : <2>CH4 = <1>CH4 + <10>CH4 … (16)
H2 : <2>H2 = <1>H2 + <10>H2 … (13) <2> = <2>H2 + <2>CO + <2>CH4 +
<2>H2O
= 0,744 . 484,375 + 0,324 . 1143,817
= 730,972 + 271,552 + 614,230 + 11,438
= 730,972 lbmol/h
= 1628,192 lbmol/h
CO : <2>CO = <1>CO + <10>CO … (15)
= 0,256 . 484,375 + 0,129 . 1143,817
= 271,552 lbmol/h
CH4 : <2>CH4 = <1>CH4 + <10>CH4 … (16)
= 0 . 484,375 + 0,537 . 1143,817
= 614,230 lbmol/h
H2O : <2>H2O = <1>H2O + <10>H2O … (14)
= 0. 484,375 + 0,01 . 1143,817
= 11,438 lbmol/h
5. Heat must be added or removed from the
reactorMixe
<1 r <2 <3 <4
> > REACTOR > >

HE
<9
>

<5
>
<8 <7 <6
> SEPARATOR > >
Splitter
CO : CO : 12 %
T<2> = 285,535 oC = 16,7% H2 :
30,2% <3> = 1428,460
545,963 oF H2 : T<3> = 1000oF =
Lbmol/h
<2> = 1628,192
44,9% 537,7oC
Lbmol/h
CH4 : 50
CH4 : %
37,7% H2O : 7,8
Asumsi bahwa reaksi
H2O :reaksi
0,7% tidak menghasilkan/membutuhkan
% panas
TERIMAKASIH