Anda di halaman 1dari 2

GERUND AND INFINITIVE

The gerund

o After the following verbs:


like dislike miss love
hate suggest enjoy detest
consider prefer deny
He suggested going to the cinema

o As the subject of a sentence:


Living in a big city is stressful

o After the following verbal forms:


can´t stand don´t/doesn´t mind can´t stop
can´t help it´s no use it´s not worth
it´s no good there´s no point in
I can´t stand arguing all the time

o After preposition:
You will have the chance of meeting her

o After be/get used to and look forward to:


I´m looking forward to seeing you tomorrow

o After the following expressions:


be/get fed up with be fond of
be keen on be interested in
I was fed up with doing her homework

o After the verb “to go” when talking about a physical experience:
They go fishing every weekend

The infinitive

o After the following verbs:


want help refuse decide
promise wish plan learn
agree choose appear seem
hope expect
I want to study Maths

o After adjectives and adverbs:


I was happy to see him at the station
He speaks too fast to be a good actor

o With verbs that take indirect object:


tell teach invite warn
advice persuade
I told him to help his mother

Exceptions: let and make take bare infinitive:


They let me do the exam
She made him cry

Verbs of perception take gerund or bare infinitive:


I saw you eating the cake (part of the action)
I saw you eat the cake (the whole action)

o After expressions like:


can´t afford
I can´t afford to buy a new car

o To express a purpose:
I go to school to learn

o After question words in affirmative sentences:


I don´t know what to do

o After the following expressions:


- I´d rather have a tea (would rather) + bare infinitive
- I´d prefer to have a tea (would prefer) + infinitive
- I prefer having tea than coffee + gerund
- I´d better have tea (had better) + bare infinitive

Verbs followed by gerund and infinitive

o Love, like,hate,start,begin:
I love going to parties (general situation)
I love to go to parties (particular situation)

o Remember,forget,regret:
I remembered reading that book (after doing the action)
I remembered to read the book for the exam (before doinf the action)

I forgot giving her my keys


I forgot to close the door when I left

I regret telling you the truth about your husband


I regret to tell you that you have failed the exam

o Stop:
I stopped smoking (stop doing the action)
I stopped to smoke (stop an action to do a different one)

o Try:
I tried phoning to her parents´s house (= probar)
I tried to phone her several times (= intentar)

o Help:
I can´t help crying when I see a sad film (= no poder evitar)
I help to clean the kitchen (= ayudar)

o Need:
I need to clean the windows (active voice)
The windows need cleaning (passive voice)
to be cleaned
o Mean:
Working for a multinational means travelling a lot (= conllevar)
I meant to tell you but I didn´t have time (= querer)