Anda di halaman 1dari 4

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Aira M, Monroy F, Dominguez J. 2007. Microbial biomass governs enzyme


activity decay during aging of worm-worked substrates through
vermicomposting. J Environ Qual 36:448-452.
Arancon NQ, Galvis P, Edwards C, Yardim E. 2003. The trophic diversity of
nematode communities in soils treated with vermicompost. Pedobiologia
47:736-740.
Badyaev AV, Hamstra TL, Oh KP, Seaman DAA. 2006. Sex-biased maternal
effects reduce ectoparasite-induced mortality in a passerine bird. Evolution
103:14406-14411.
Baker G, Michalk D, Whitby W, O’Grady S. 2002. Influence of sewage waste on
the abundance of earthworms in pastures in south-eastern Australia. Eur J Soil
Biol 38:233-237.
Beddard FE. 1890. Contributions to the anatomy of earthworms, with descriptions
of some new species. Q J Microsc Sci 30:421-497.
Blakemore RJ. 2002. Cosmopolitan Earthworms – an Eco-Taxonomic Guide to
the Peregrine Species of the World. Canberra: VermEcology.
Blanco-Canqui H, Lal R. 2007. Impacts of long-term wheat straw management on
soil hydraulic properties under no-tillage. Soil Sci Soc Am J 71:1166-1173.
Borror DJ, Triplehorn CA, Johnson NF. 1996. Pengenalan Pelajaran Serangga. Ed
ke-6. Partosoedjono S, penerjemah. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University
Press. Terjemahan dari: An Introduction to the Study of Insect.
Brusca RC, Brusca GJ. 1990. Invertebrates. Sunderland: Sinauer Inc.
Butt KR, Lowe CN. 2004. Anthropic influences on earthworm distribution, Isle of
Rum National Nature Reserve, Scotland. Eur J Soil Biol 40:63-72.
Cannavacciuolo M, Bellido A, Cluzeau D, Gascuel C, Trehen P. 1998. A
geostatistical approach to the study of earthworm distribution in grassland. App
Soil Ecol 9:345-349.
Coggeshall RE. 1966. A fine structural analysis of the epidermis of the
earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris L. J Cell Biol 28:95-108.
Edwards CA. 2004. Earthworm Ecology. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Edwards CA, Bohlen PJ. 1996. Biology and Ecology of Earthworms. Ed ke-3.
London: Chapman and Hall.
Edwards CA, Lofty JR. 1972. Biology of Earthworms. London: Chapman and
Hall Ltd.
Estevez B, N’Dayegamiye A, Coderre D. 1996. The effect on earthworm
abundance and selected soil properties after 14 years of solid cattle manure and
NPKMg fertilizer application. Can J Soil Sci 76:315-355.
44

Everitt BS, Hothorn T. 2006. A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R. Boca


Raton: CRC Press.
Field SG, Schirp HJ, Michiels NK. 2003. The influence of Monocystis sp.
infection on growth and mating behaviour of the earthworm Lumbricus
terrestris. Can J Zool 81:1161-1167.
Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1986. Particle size analysis. Di dalam: Klute A, editor.
Methods of soil analysis, Part I: Physical and mineralogical methods.
Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America. hlm 383-411.
Gonzalez G, Seastedt TR, Donato Z. 2003. Earthworm, arthropods and plant litter
decomposition in aspen (Populus tremuloides) and lodgepole pine (Pinus
contorta) forests in Colorado, USA. Pedobiologia 47:863-869.
Gonzalez G, Zou X, Borges S. 1996. Earthworm abundance and species
composition in abandoned tropical croplands: comparisons of tree plantations
and secondary forests. Pedobiologia 40:385-391.
Gonzalez G et al. 2007. Earthworm communities along an elevation gradient in
Northeastern Puerto Rico. Eur J Soil Biol 43:S24-S32.
Gunarso W. 1989. Mikroteknik. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Hama K. 1959. Some observations on the fine structure of the giant nerve fibers
of the earthworm, Eisenia foetida. J Biophysic and Biochem Cytol 6:61-79.
Hama K. 1960. The fine structure of some blood vessels of the earthworm,
Eisenia foetida. J Biophysic and Biochem Cytol 7:717-738.
Hardjowigeno HS. 2007. Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo.
Hickman CP, Roberts LS, Hickman FM. 1984. Integrated Principles of Zoology.
Ed ke-7. Toronto: Mosby College Publishing.
Hong C et al. 2007. Earthworm fibrinolitic enzyme: anti-tumor activity on human
hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Chinese Med J-Peking 120:898-904.
Irianto A. 2004. Statistik: Konsep Dasar dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: Kencana.
Ishizuka K. 1999. A review of the genus Pheretima s. lat. (Megascolecidae) from
Japan. Edaphologia 62:55-80.
Ivask M, Kuu A, Truu M, Truu J. 2006. The effect of soil type and soil moisture
on earthworm communities. Agraarteadus 17:3-33.
Jimenez JJ, Mamolar E, Lavelle P. 2000. Biometric relationships in earthworms
(Oligochaeta). Eur J Soil Biol 36:45-50.
Joshi N, Aga S. 2009. Diversity and distribution of earthworms in a subtropical
forest ecosystem in Uttarakhand, India. Nat Hist J Chulalongkorn Univ 9:12-
25.
Karmegam N, Daniel T. 2007. Effect of physic-chemical parameters on
earthworm abundance: a quantitative approach. J App Sci Res 3:1369-1376.
Katsvairo TW et al. 2007. Cotton roots, earthworms, and infiltration
characteristics in sod–peanut–cotton cropping systems. Agron J 99:390–398.
45

Krishnamoorthy RV, Vajranabhaiah SN. 1986. Biological activity of earthworm


casts: An assessment of plant growth promoter levels in the casts. Proc Indian
Acad Sci (Anim Sci) 95:341-351.
Kulmatiski A et al. 2004. Landscape determinants of soil carbon and nitrogen
storage in southern New England. Soil Sci Am J 68:2014-2022.
Mainoo NOK, Whalen JK, Barrington S. 2008. Earthworm abundance related to
soil physicochemical and microbial properties in Accra, Ghana. Afr J Agric Res
3:186-194.
Margerie P, Decaens T, Bureau F, Alard D. 2001. Spatial distribution of
earthworm species assemblages in a chalky slope of the Seine Valley
(Normandy, France). Eur J Soil Biol 37:291-296.
Meglitsch PA, Schram FR. 1991. Invertebrate Zoology. Ed ke-3. New York:
Oxford University Press.
Mergia A. 2007. Abundance and diversity of top soil earthworms in relation to
chemical use in golden rose agrofarm, Tefki area, Ethiopia [tesis]. Addis
Ababa: School of Graduate Studies, Addis Ababa University.
Migge-Kleian S, McLean MA, Maerz JC, Heneghan L. 2006. The influence of
invasive earthworms on indigenous fauna in ecosystems previously
uninhabited by earthworms. Biol Invasions 8:1275-1285.
Mihara H, Maruyama M, Sumi H. 1992. Novel thrombolytic therapy discovered
from traditional oriental medicine using the earthworm. Southeast Asian J Trop
Med Public Health 23:131-140.
Mitra O, Callaham MAJr, Smith ML, Yack JE. 2009. Grunting for worms:
seismic vibrations cause Diplocardia earthworms to emerge from the soil. Biol
Lett 5:16-19.
Monroy F, Aira M, Dominguez J, Marino F. 2003. Distribution of earthworms in
the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula. Eur J Soil Biol 39:13-18.
Naiola BP. 1986. Tanaman Budidaya Indonesia, Nama serta Manfaatnya. Jakarta:
CV Yasaguna.
Nadeem A, Sarwar M, Iqbal MK, Sahifiq T. 2007. Habitat preference of
earthworms relative to different fruit trees. Punjab Univ J Zool 22:33-39.
Ndegwa PM, Thompson SA. 2000. Effects of C-to-N ratio on vermicomposting of
biosolids. Bioresource Technol 75:7-12.
Nunes DH, Pasini A, Benito NP, Brown GG. 2006. Earthworm diversity in four
land use system in the region of Jaguapita, Parana State, Brazil. Caribb J Sci
42:331-338.
Nuutinen V, Poyhonen S, Ketoja E, Pitkanen J. 2001. Abundance of the
earthworm Lumbricus terrestris in relation to subsurface drainage pattern on a
sandy clay field. Eur J Soil Biol 37:301-304.
Ortiz-Ceballos AI, Fragoso C. 2004. Earthworm populations under tropical maize
cultivation: the effect of mulching with velvetbean. Biol Fertil Soils 39:438-
445.
46

Reinhart M, Dollahon N. 2003. Response of coelomocytes from Lumbricus


terrestris to native and non-native eukaryotic parasites. Pedobiologia 47:710-
716.
Rossi JP, Lavelle P, Albrecht A. 1997. Relationships between spatial pattern of
the endogeic earthworm Polypheretima Elongata and soil heterogeneity. Soil
Biol Biochem 29:485-488.
Sarlo M. 2006. Individual tree species effects on earthworm biomass in a tropical
plantation in Panama. Caribb J Sci 42:419-427.
Sathianarayanan A, Khan AB. 2006. Diversity, distribution and abundance of
earthworm in Pondicherry region. Trop ecol 47:139-144.
Sherman IW, Sherman VG. 1970. The Invertebrates: Function and Form.
London: The Macmillan Company.
Simanjuntak AK, Walujo D. 1982. Cacing Tanah Budidaya dan Pemanfaatannya.
Jakarta: PT Penebar Swadaya.
Sims RW, Easton EG. 1972. A numerical revision of the earthworm genus
Pheretima auct. (Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) with the recognition of new
genera & an appendix on the earthworms collected by the royal society North
Borneo expedition. Biological J Linn Soc 4(3): 169-268.
Singer MJ, Munns DN. 2006. Soils An Introduction. Ed ke-6. New Jersey:
Pearson Education Inc.
Smith RG et al. 2008. Diversity and abundance of earthworms across an
agricultural land-use intensity gradient. Soil Till Res 100:83-88.
Stephenson J. 1930. The Oligochaeta. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Tan KH. 1996. Soil Sampling, Preparation, and Analysis. New York: Marcel
Dekker Inc.
Tian G, Olimah JA, Adeoye GO, Kang BT. 2000. Regeneration of earthworm
populations in a degraded soil by natural and planted fallows under humid
tropical conditions. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:222–228.
Tisdall JM, McKenzie BM. 1999. A method of extracting earthworms from cores
of soil with minimum damage to the soil. Biol Fertil Soils 30:96-99.
Wiegand KM 1999. A Synopsis of Plant Kingdom. Laboratorium Taksonomi
Tumbuhan. Jurusan Biologi FMIPA IPB.
Yeates GW. 1991. Impact of historical changes in land use on the soil fauna. New
Zeal J Ecol 15:99-106.