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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL.................................................................................. i
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN.................................................................... ii
SARI............................................................................................................ iii
PRAKATA.................................................................................................... v
DAFTAR ISI............................................................................................... vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR.................................................................................. viii
DAFTAR TABEL....................................................................................... ix
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang.......................................................................... 1
1.2 Tujuan dan Sasaran Penelitian.................................................. 3
1.3 Letak dan Kesampaian Daerah.................................................. 4
1.4 Batasan Masalah........................................................................ 4
BAB II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
2.1 Geologi Regional Daerah Penelitian......................................... 5
2.1.1 Stratigrafi Regional.......................................................... 5
2.1.2 Struktur Geologi Regional............................................... 9
2.2 Dasar Teori................................................................................ 9
2.2.1 Pengertian Tsunami.......................................................... 9
2.2.2 Karakteristik Gelombang Tsunami.................................. 10
2.2.3 Mekanisme Terjadinya Tsunami...................................... 13
2.2.4 Karakteristik Endapan Tsunami....................................... 15
2.2.5 Perbedaan Endapan Tsunami dengan Endapan Sungai.. . 19
2.2.6 Perbedaan Endapan Tsunami dengan Endapan Badai..... 20
2.3 Metode Analisis......................................................................... 20
2.3.1 Analisis Granulometri...................................................... 20
2.3.2 Analisis Geokimia............................................................ 24
2.3.4 Analisis LOI..................................................................... 25

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BAB III. METODE PENELITIAN
3.1 Objek Penelitian........................................................................ 26
3.2 Peralatan.................................................................................... 27
3.2.1 Tahap Persiapan................................................................ 27
3.2.2 Tahap Penelitian Lapangan.............................................. 27
3.2.3 Tahap Pengujian Laboratorium........................................ 28
3.3 Langkah-langkah Penelitian...................................................... 29
3.3.1 Tahap Persiapan................................................................ 29
3.3.2 Tahap Penelitian Lapangan.............................................. 30
3.3.3 Tahap Pengujian Laboratorium........................................ 31
3.3.3.1 Analisis Besar Butir............................................... 31
3.3.3.2 Pengamatan Unsur Kimia....................................... 33
3.3.3.4 Analisis LOI........................................................... 33
3.4 Tahap Analisis Data................................................................... 35
3.5 Tahap Penyusunan Laporan...................................................... 35
BAB IV. HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN
4.1 Deskripsi Megaskopis Core BRJ 18C....................................... 36
4.2 Tahap Pengujian Laboratorium................................................. 36
4.2.1 Analisa Granulometri....................................................... 38
4.2.2 Analiss Los On Ignition (LOI)......................................... 47
4.2.3 Analiss Geokimia............................................................. 49
4.3 Pembahasan Karakteristik Endapan Paleotsunami................... 53
BAB V KESIMPULAN.............................................................................. 56
DAFTAR PUSTAKA................................................................................. 57
LAMPIRAN TERIKAT............................................................................. 60
1. Lampiran Analisis LOI................................................................... 60
2. Lampiran Analisis Granulometri.................................................... 63
3. Lampiran Analisis Geokimia Unsur............................................... 65

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Halaman
Gambar 1.1 Zona subduksi dunia serta besaran gempa yang dihasilkan
(McCaffrey, 2008)...........................................................................2
Gambar 1.2 Lokasi penelitian dan pengambilan sampel (sumber Google Earth
2017)......................................................................................... 4
Gambar 2.1 Stratigrafi Jalur Pegunungan Selatan menurut beberapa peneliti
(Samodra, 1989)........................................................................ 8
Gambar 2.2 Pola struktur Jawa dan sekitarnya (Pulunggono dan Martodjojo,
1994)......................................................................................... 9

Gambar 2.3 Tsunami Akibat Pergeseran Lantai Samudera (Sudrajat,1994). ...13

Gambar 2.4 Tsunami Akibat Longsoran (Sudrajat, 1994)............................. 14

Gambar 2.5. Kurva Skewness (Folk, 1974)................................................... 22


Gambar 3.1 Proses pengambilan sampel dan hasil coring dengan bor tangan. 26

Gambar 3.2 Mastersizer 2000 dan satu set komputer digunakan dalam
aaaaaaaaaanalisis granulometri. ......................................................................32
Gambar 3.3. NITON XL3t Portable XRF Analyzer............................................33
Gambar 3.4 Bagan Alir Penelitian.......................................................................35
Gambar 4.1 Deskripsi megaskopis BRJ 18c ......................................................36

Gambar 4.2 Bivariant plot antar parameter granulometri ..................................44

Gambar 4.3 hasil analisa granulometri.............................................................. 46

Gambar 4.4 hasil analisa LOI .............................................................................47

Gambar 4.5 hasil X-ray fluorescence ................................................................50

Gambar 4.6 diagram stewart (Stewart, 1959) .....................................................53

Gambar 4.7 diagram CM (Passega, 1964) ..........................................................54

Gambar 4.8 Grafik kandungan Ca, Sr, dan zat karbonat ....................................55

Gambar 4.8 Grafik kandungan unsur darat dan material organik .....................55

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DAFTAR TABEL
Halaman
Tabel 2.1 Klasifikasi skewness (Folk, 1974)............................................ 23
Tabel 2.2 Klasifikasi standar deviasi (Folk, 1974).................................... 24
Tabel 2.3 Klasifikasi kurtosis (Folk, 1974)............................................... 24
Tabel 4.1 Hasil granulometri lapisan lempung sisipan gambut...................... 38

Tabel 4.2 Hasil granulometri lapisan pasir A.................................................. 39

Tabel 4.3 Hasil granulometri lapisan lempung pasiran A............................... 40

Tabel 4.4 Hasil granulometri lapisan pasir B.................................................. 40

Tabel 4.5 Hasil granulometri lapisan lempung pasiran B............................... 41

Tabel 4.6 Hasil granulometri lapisan pasir C.................................................. 42

Tabel 4.7 Hasil granulometri lapisan lempung coklat..................................... 43

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