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English Citations

1) Sardo, Soares, Gerhardt. “Behavior, Growth, and Reproduction of


Lumbriculus Variegatus(Oligochaetae) in Different Sediment Types”.
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 13: 519-526, 2007.
http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdf?vid=6&hid=103&sid=00e80e0b-
5307-4f8f-99a0-723bd7924eb5%40sessionmgr104.
This site gives basic information about the California blackworms
that HCOP students are testing. The blackworms are widelyused for
toxicity tests in sediment. Adult worms were studied in the
Multispecies Freshwater Biomonitor™ to observer their growth,
reproduction, and cloning. Theworms and were tested in four different
types of sediment. The four sediment sizes include fine, medium,
coarse, and whole. In conclusion, Sardo, Soares, and Gerhardt found
that the worms moved more in fine sediment. On the other hand, they
grew and reproduced less in medium and whole sediment sizes. They
were also slower in these types of sediments. As for the clones that
were produced by segmenting six generation or older worms, they had
low motion levels than any of the regular worms.
This site provides basic information about blackworms’
movement and regeneration that would help us in our future
experiments concerning those topics. Basically, the worms moved and
grew more in fine sediment. They do not move well in medium,
course, or whole sediment. Clones are not good subjects to use
because after the sixth generation, they have low locomotion levels.

2) Katz, David. “Food Additives: What They Do.” Pg 2, 1998.


http://www.chymist.com/Food%20Additives-What%20they%20do.pdf.
Dextrose is a sweetener and is also known as D-glucose. It is almost as
sweet as sucrose, but not as much.
Dextrose, known as glucose, is a sufficient sweetener.
3) Drug Week via NewsRx. Com “ENDOSCOPY; Recent findings from
University of Alabama highlight research in endoscopy.” Endoscopy: 609,
2007.
http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic/results/docview/docview.do?docL
inkInd=true&risb=21_T4084810698&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&st
artDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T4084812801&cisb=22_T4084812800&tr
eeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=246798&docNo=1.

This site informs us about one of the many different effects of dextrose on
the human body. They tested the use of dextrose against saline dealing
with Injection-assisted polypectomy (IAP). After being injected and
tested, ten months later, the patients see the results. The ones with the
50% dextrose, on average, had more lesions removed compared to the
saline tested patients. In conclusion, the solution of 50% of dextrose is
much more effective reducing IAP compared to normal saline.
There are many different effects, both positive and negative, of dextrose.
This site exemplifies one, in showing how a concentrated amount of
dextrose and positively effect and reduce IAP.