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# ENGINEERS CADD CENTRE (P) LTD

## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Day1
• Introduction to ANSYS
• Basic steps of ANSYS
o Pre-processor
o Solution
o General post processor
• Introduction to element types

Problem no 1:

Problem no 2:

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Find the below
1.Deformed shape
2.Reaction forces
3.Deflections
4.Member forces
5.Axial stress in the elements

Problem no 3

Problem no 4

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DAY-2

## • Problems with varying properties

o Areas
o Material properties

Problem no 5

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no 6:

Problem no 7:

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-3
• Introduction for Beam element
• Direct generation
• Indirect generation (Introduction for meshing concept)
• Problems with varying properties

Problem no8:

Problem no 9:

Problem no10:
Take width as 1 inch. Find deflection under self weight

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DAY-4

## • Introduction for Solid element types

o Brick element

• Creating areas
• Boolean operations
o Overlap
o Divide
o Subtract

## Problem no1 2: (Modeling only. Not Analysis)

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DAY-5

## • Work plane operations

• Introduction for meshing
o Mapped mesh
o Free mesh
o Concatenating the lines

## Problem no 13: (Modeling & Meshing only)

Observe difference between ADD and OVERLAP .try for mapped meshing

Problem no14: (Modeling & Meshing only) ignore the loads & Constraints seen in the picture
Try for mapped mesh

## (Hint: use concatenate lines)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no15 (Modeling & Meshing only) ignore the loads & Constraints seen in the picture

DAY-6
• Analysis of problems using plane elements used for meshing areas.

## Problem no16 (Analysis)

**

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-7

• Symmetry
o Reflective symmetry
o Axisymmetry

## Problem no18 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no19 (Analysis)

## Problem no21 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no22 (Analysis)

DAY-8

• Volumes
o Extrude
o Revolve
o Sweep

## Problem no23(Modeling only)- Only Geometry.

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no24 (Modeling only)- Only Geometry.

## Problem no25 (Modeling only)- Only Geometry.

**

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no26 (Modeling only)- Only Geometry.

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-9

• Meshing volumes
o Merging

## Problem no28 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Day-10 Practice session

DAY-11
• Introduction of Modal Analysis
o Subspace method
o Reduced method

Problem no 29 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no30 (Analysis)

## Problem no31 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no32(Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY 12
Harmonic analysis

Problem no33(Analysis)

## Problem no34 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-14
• Thermal analysis

Problem No35(Analysis)

## Problem no36 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no 37(Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-15
• Steady state thermal analysis contd……

## Problem no38 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem 39 (Analysis)

DAY-16
• Transient thermal analysis

Problem No 40 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Problem no 41 (Analysis)

***

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-17
• Transient thermal analysis contd…

## Problem no42 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-18
• Non linear structural analysis

## Problem no44 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

DAY-19
• Couple field analysis

Problem no 45 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Day 20:
• Design optimization

Problem no 46 (Analysis)

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

SOLID MODELLING

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Project
DESIGN OPTIMIZATION OF CONNECTING ROD USING FEA

The objective of the analysis is to optimize the thickness and length (the distance
between two centers) of connecting rod. Cross section of the connecting rod is
assumed to be a rectangular.

The above process is done for different sets of thickness and the set that gives best
results (Von mises stresses should be less than the tensile strength of the material
used) with minimum weight of the component is considered.

## Note: cross section is rectangular

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## Problem can be simplified as follows

Objective: Minimizing the volume
Design variables: thickness, length
State variable: Maximum stress (Von Mises stress)

Optimization variables
Defining Design variables: Design variables are independent quantities, which are
varied in order to get optimum design. Design variables should be in terms of
parameters
Path to define design variables: parameters >scalar parameters
Ex: L=100
T=30
State variables: these are the quantities, which constrain the design. They are also
known as dependent variables and are response quantities of design variables. A state
variable may have maximum and minimum end or may be single sided i.e. only one
limit.
Objective: It is a dependant variable that you are attempting to minimize. It is
function of design variable.
Feasible design set: Feasible design is one that satisfies all specified constraints-
constraints on state variable as well as design variables

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

In put data required for the present analysis
Element type: Quadrilateral 4 node (Plane 42 with thickness option)
Real constants: Thickness (in terms of parameters i.e. T)
Material properties:
Material: Steel
Modulus of elasticity =19.30033371 N/mm2
Density =8.0291474 × 10-5 N/mm2
Poisson’s ratio =0.2900
Model geometry:

## Where L is design variable, Radii are taken as {26mm, 25mm}

Boundary conditions and Constraints are applied on the lines

## Constrains should be expanded to nodes

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Pressure Diagram
Note
Pressure: 1258 N/mm2
Solution:
Following figure shows Von Mises stress

Extract all the optimization parameters and save the parameters in name.lgw

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## ANSYS WORK BOOK

Design optimization:
Step 1: Assign name.lgw
Step2: Define limits for variables
Step 3:Save the parameters in name.opt
Step4 : Choose method/tool (First order method)
Step5: Run
Step6: Extract the best set

Conclusion: After optimization feasible set is taken as the best set and the volume is
compared with initial volume. Design variables and state variables are checked
whether they are in limits or not.

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