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# FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

DESCRIPTION
The second instructional course in a sequence that prepares individuals to apply technical knowledge
and skills to prepare and execute furniture design projects; assemble and finish furniture articles; repair
furniture; and stresses the safe use a variety of hand and power tools and machinery. Recommended
projects would be anything that would allow students to incorporate all joints and tools e.g. a chest of
drawers.

## Total Test Questions: 70 Levels: Grades 10-12 Units of Credit: .50

Prerequisite: Woodworking

## STANDARD 1 15% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND FURNITURE DESIGN, MANUFACTURING, AND
THEORY.

## Objective 1: Understand basic elements of the furniture manufacturing industry.

 Identify career opportunities using career pathways in furniture and
cabinetmaking/millwork manufacturing.
 Identify career opportunities in related millwork industries.
 Describe the integration of cabinetmaking into construction schedules.
Objective 2: Understand the design, planning and estimation process.
 Identify elements and principles of design as they apply to woodworking and
cabinetmaking/millwork manufacturing.
 Identify standard furniture dimensions relating to tables, seating, and
shelving.
 Draw/sketch the necessary views of a selected project.
 Create a material list for the selected project and determine the project
cost.
 Follow a procedure list for construction of a cabinet.
 Extract pertinent cabinet information and specifications from working
drawings and specifications.
Objective 3: Understand and demonstrate basic math and measuring concepts.
 Add two- and three-digit numbers.
 Subtract two-, three-, and four-digit numbers.
 Solve two-digit divisor numbers.
 Multiply a two-digit factor.

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

##  Add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and mixed numbers.

 Convert fractions to decimals.
 Reduce fractions.
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimal numbers.
 Calculate percentages and basic ratios.
 Add and subtract linear measurement in feet and inches.
 Use a ruler or measuring tape to measure within a sixteenth (1/16) of an
inch.
 Calculate board feet and square feet.
 Demonstrate the optimization of materials.

## STANDARD 2 25% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND AND DEMONSTRATE THE SAFE USE OF
WOODWORKING TOOLS.

## Objective 1: Understand and demonstrate the safe use of hand tools.

 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
measuring and layout tools:
o Measuring tape
o Caliper (digital or dial)
o Scratch awl
o Framing square
o Combination square
o Try square
o Sliding T-bevel
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
cutting and shaping tools:
o Back Saw
o Block plane
o Wood chisel
o Wood file/rasp
o Hand saw
o Glue scraper
o Putty knife
o Jack plane
o Card scraper
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
striking tools:
o Claw hammer
o Nail set
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following drill
bits:

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

o Twist
o Countersink
o Driver bits: Phillips, Square, Flat
o Multi spur bit
Objective 2: Understand and demonstrate the safe use of portable power tools.
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
portable power tools:
o Pneumatic/power nailer
o Power drills
o Router
o Finish sander
o Belt sander
o Orbital sander
o Biscuit jointer
o Hand jig saw
Objective 3: Understand and demonstrate the safe use of power machines.
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
sawing machines:
o Table saw
o Power miter saw
o Band saw
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
surfacing machines:
o Surface planer
o Jointer
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
sanding machines:
o Disc sander
o Wide belt sander
o Spindle sander
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
shaping machines:
o Router
o Shaper
o CNC machine
o Lathe
 Describe the purpose and demonstrate the proper use of the following
drilling machines:
o Drill press
o Line boring machine
o Mortising machine

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

## STANDARD 3 29% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND THE METHODS OF PROCESSING MATERIALS.
Objective 1: Understand and demonstrate safe practices.
 Demonstrate the ability to work safely in a cabinet shop following general
safety rules.
 Demonstrate how to handle, store, and dispose of materials according to
SDS sheets.
 Pass a written safety test with a score of 100 percent.
Objective 2: Understand and demonstrate the use of fasteners and adhesives.
 Identify the various woodworking fasteners and the application of each.
o Nails
o Screws
o Staples
o Pins
o Bolts
 Properly use an adhesive in the construction of a project.
o Yellow glue
o Polyurethane glue
o Cyanoacrylate
o Epoxy
 Identify the different types of clamps.
o Bar
o “C”
o Spring
o Handscrew
o Band
 Understand the gage system (nails, staples, pins, etc.)
Objective 3: Understand wood products, characteristics and procedures.
 Describe the parts of a tree and the significance that it has in cabinet
construction.
o Bark
o Sap wood
o Heart wood
o Pith
o Annual (growth) rings
o Lignin
 Describe and identify natural defects in wood.
o Warp
o Cracks
o Bark inclusions
o Knots

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

##  Understand the methods of the seasoning and drying lumber.

o Standard moisture content levels for kiln and air dried lumber
o The effects of moisture on materials (expansion and contraction)
 Distinguish between softwoods and hardwoods.
 Identify the difference between solid wood and manufactured materials and
describe the use of each.
 Identify wood species and their specific characteristics.
o Alder
o Cherry
o Oak
o Walnut
o Maple
o Poplar
o Pine
o Mahogany
o Red Cedar
 Identify common manufactured wood products.
o Plywood
o Particle board
o MDF
o Baltic Birch
 Identify the common grades of lumber and sheet goods.
o FAS
o Select
o #1 COM
o Rustic

## STANDARD 4 22% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND MILLING AND ASSEMBLY.
Objective 1: Understand and demonstrate the use of joinery.
 Identify the basic woodworking joints.
o Butt
o Miter
o Rabbet
o Spline
o Mortise and Tenon
o Dovetail
o Groove (plough)
o Lap
o Pocket
o Dowel

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

o Biscuit
 Construct the basic wood joints used in furniture construction.
Objective 2: Understand and demonstrate the use of furniture components and hardware.
 Identify the components of a face frame and cabinet box.
o Stile
o Rail
o Mullion
o Side
o Veneer
o Base
o Shelf
o Web frame
o Kicker
o Drawer runner/glide
o Back
 Identify the door options in furniture making:
o Flush
o Overlay
o Lip
o Tambour
 Identify the components of a drawer.
 Identify and properly install common furniture hardware such as:
o Hinges - offset, overlay, European, butt
o Drawer guides,
o Pulls and knobs,
o Shelf supports
 Assemble a project with the proper adhesive and fasteners.
 Construct a drawer.
 Install lid or door and drawer.
 Identify basic construction methods.
o Frame and panel
o Casework construction
o Post and rail
Objective 3: Understand and demonstrate sanding and finishing techniques.
 Understand and properly apply the basic rules of sanding.
 Select and correctly use each specified grit size
 Properly prepare a surface for finishing
 Properly apply stain, penetrating oil, and/or a clear finish
 Properly apply a clear coat.
Objective 4: Understand order of operations
 Identify the steps for squaring a board.

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

o Joint an edge
o Rip to width
o Cut one end square
o Cut to length

## STANDARD 5 7% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO PERFORM AUTOMATED MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
USING CNC EQUIPMENT.
Objective 1: Understand X, Y, Z axis.
Objective 2: Understand vector lines/drawings.
Objective 3: Define G-code.
Objective 4: Create a tool path and use a CNC machine to make a cut.
Objective 5: Understand the process of booting and running a file.

## STANDARD 6 3% of Exam Blueprint

STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND AND APPLY PROFESSIONAL
DEVELOPMENT SKILLS IN THE WORKPLACE.
Objective 1: Understand the need for professional development in school and the workplace.
 Complete a personal inventory.
 Set and meet goals.
 Be self-motivated.
 Know how to make decisions.
 Know how to manage time.
 Organize personal belongings and lab equipment.
 Learn to communicate verbally.
 Write effective communications.
 Establish a personal reading program.
 Develop effective work skills and attitudes.
 Master a working knowledge of SkillsUSA.*
o Learn the acronym SkillsUSA.
o State the SkillsUSA motto.
o State the SkillsUSA creed.
o Learn the SkillsUSA colors.
o Describe the official SkillsUSA dress.
o Describe the procedure for becoming a SkillsUSA officer.
Objective 2: Understand the need for leadership skills.
 Serve on a committee.
o Prepare an agenda.
 Assist in planning a meeting.

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FURNITURE DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING (522)

##  Review basic parliamentary procedure.

 Make a main motion.
 Participate in a school project.
 Attend a community meeting.
o Practice effective speaking.
 Present a three- to five-minute talk.
 Implement a leadership project.
o Master a working knowledge of SkillsUSA.
o Describe the meaning of the SkillsUSA emblem.
o State the SkillsUSA pledge.
o Describe the duties of a SkillsUSA officer.
Objective 3: Understand the need for career planning.
 Define your future occupation.
 Survey employment opportunities.
 Report on a trade journal article.
 Explore opportunities for advanced training.
 Conduct a worker interview.
 Contact a professional association.
 Explore entrepreneurship opportunities.
 Give a talk about your career.
 Review career goals.
Objective 4: Understand the importance of employability skills and workplace habits.
 Develop a list of work standards to follow at school and on the job.
 Evaluate your personal ethics.
o Evaluate your personal ethics against acceptable workplace ethics.
 Build a job search network.
 Find job leads.
 Write a resume.
 Create a job portfolio.
 Complete a job application.
 Write a business letter and memo.
 Participate in an actual or simulated job interview.