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THE ANALYSIS OF SEGMENTAL AND SUPRASEGMENTAL ASPECTS OF INDONESIAN ENGLISH ACCENT Composed to fulfill one of

THE ANALYSIS OF SEGMENTAL AND SUPRASEGMENTAL ASPECTS OF INDONESIAN ENGLISH ACCENT

Composed to fulfill one of the requirements to obtain the Final Examination of English Phonetics and Phonology at the English Education Program, Language and Art Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,

The University of Jember

By:

DEZTYA AYU NING WINTY

150210401015

ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM LANGUAGE AND ARTS DEPARTMENT

THE FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION THE UNIVERSITY OF JEMBER

2016

Introduction

Phonetics is about sounds of language and it is a descriptive tool necessary to the study of phonological aspects of a language. Phonology is about sound systems of languages. There are many styles of speech for each individual which is influenced by a variety of causes such as locality, early influences, and social surroundings.

In this paper I want to analyze about both Segmental and Suprasegmental aspects in English Phonetics and Phonology. This paper is focused on identifying unique characteristics of Javanese speaker when producing English sound in intermediate text level correctly according to segmental and suprasegmental aspects. The speaker’s name is Azzilizza Febri as a student in Economic Faculty in Jember University, she is 20 years old.

The first part of the discussion presents Segmental aspects are those which can be segmented into distinct, discrete units, such as vowels and consonant . Then continued by Suprasegmental aspects like rhythm, stress, and Intonation. As a non-native speaker, the speaker has problems to pronounce some sounds. Therefore, in this opportunity I will explain how that can happen to the Javanese speaker in pronouncing English by give a text and let the speaker read aloud the text.

Methods

To analyze how Javanese speaker producing English sound from reading an intermediate text level for intermediate student level and record the way the speaker read. The speaker allowed reading the text loudly to make the recording clear to analyze. After I get the recording from the Javanese speaker, I analyze about the segmental and suprasegmental aspects according to the recording. Then, I make the list of the words above about the wrong and the correct way to pronounce sounds and analyze the factors that affect the way the speaker pronounce in a wrong way.

Discussion

To analyze how Javanese speaker producing English sound from reading an intermediate text level for intermediate student level and record the way the speaker read. The speaker allowed reading the text loudly to make the recording clear to analyze. This is the text that the speaker read to analyze:

Original text

Online Dating

Amanda turns on her computer and opens her e-mail. She has a new message. She smiles.
Amanda turns on her computer and opens her e-mail. She has a new message.
She smiles. It is from Tall_and_Handsome34, a man Amanda met on
FindNew Love. com, an online dating website. She really hopes to find a new
love , and Tall_and_Handsome34 could be the right man for her!
Amanda reads the e-mail. Tall_and_Handsome34 asks Amanda if she would
like to meet in person on Friday. He tells her his real name is Mike.
Amanda considers meeting Mike. She only chats with Mike on the

computer, but she really likes him. He is smart and funny. They are the same

age, share many

interests
interests

, and

live
live

in the same city. She does not know what

he looks

like,

but

she

enjoys

the

mystery

of

a

blind
blind

date.

Source By: http://www.really-learn-english.com/english-short-stories-level-0 5-

story-07.html

Phonetic Transcription text

ˈɒnˌlaɪn ˈdeɪtɪŋ /əˈmændə tɜːnz ɒn hɜː kəmˈpjuːtə r ænd ˈəʊpənz hɜː iːmeɪl. ʃiː hæz ə njuːˈmɛsɪʤ.
ˈɒnˌlaɪn ˈdeɪtɪŋ
/əˈmændə tɜːnz ɒn hɜː kəmˈpjuːtə r ænd ˈəʊpənz hɜː iːmeɪl. ʃiː hæz
ə njuːˈmɛsɪʤ. ʃiː smaɪlz . ɪt ɪz frɒm tɔːl_ænd_ˈhænsəm34, ə mæn
əˈmænd ə mɛt ɒn faɪnd ənjuː lʌv dɒt kɒm, ən ˈɒnˌlaɪn ˈdeɪtɪŋ ˈwɛbˌsaɪt. ʃiː
ˈrɪəli həʊps tuː faɪnd ənjuː lʌv , ænd tɔːl_ænd_ˈhænsəm34 kʊd biː ðə raɪt
mæn fɔː hɜː!/
/əˈmændə riːdz ði iːmeɪl. tɔːl_ænd_ˈhænsəm34 ɑːsks əˈmændə ɪf ʃiː wʊd
laɪk tuː miːt ɪn ˈpɜːsn ɒn ˈfraɪdeɪ. hiː tɛlz hɜː hɪz rɪəl neɪm ɪz maɪk. /
laɪk tuː miːt ɪn ˈpɜːsn ɒn ˈfraɪdeɪ. hiː tɛlz hɜː hɪz rɪəl neɪm ɪz maɪk. /
/əˈmændə kənˈsɪdəz ˈmiːtɪŋ maɪk. ʃiː ˈəʊnli ʧæts wɪð maɪk ɒn ðə kə
mˈpjuːtə , bʌt ʃiː ˈrɪəli laɪks hɪm. hiː ɪz smɑːt ænd ˈfʌni. ðeɪɑː ðə seɪm eɪʤ,
ʃeə ˈmɛni ˈɪntrɪsts , ænd lɪv ɪn ðə seɪm ˈsɪti. ʃiː dʌz nɒt nəʊ wɒt hiː lʊks laɪk
, bʌt ʃiː ɪnˈʤɔɪz ðə ˈmɪstəri ɒv əblaɪnd deɪt./

Then, after I get the recording, the next step is to analyze the segmental and suprasegmentals aspects from the non-native speaker.

The list of the wrong pronunciation words is listed below.

   

Wrong

 

No

Word

Pronunciation

True Pronunciation

 
  • 1 /amanda/

Amanda

 

/əˈmændə/

 
  • 2 /komputer/

Computer

 

/kəm’pju:tə/

 
  • 3 /opən/

Open

 

/əʊpən/

 
  • 4 /smail/

Smiles

 

/smaɪlz/

 
  • 5 /mɜt/

Met

 

/mɛt/

 
  • 6 /lov/

Love

 

/lʌv/

 
  • 7 /konsider/

Considers

 

/kənˈsɪdəz/

 
 
 
  • 8 /cɒuld/

Could

 

/kʊd/

 
  • 9 /wɒuld/

Would

 

/wʊd/

 
  • 10 /person/

Person

 

/pɜ:sn/

 

Share

  • 11 /seər/

 

/ʃeə/

 
  • 12 /intərest/

Interest

 

/ˈɪntrɪsts/

 
  • 13 /laɪf/

Live

 

/lɪv/

 
  • 14 /blind deɪt/

Blind date

 

/blaɪnd deɪt/

After, I make list the words above about the wrong and the correct way to pronounce sounds she has many of mistakes to pronounce the words correctly because the speaker has some of the difficulties to pronounce some of the words.

  • A. Segmental Aspect

First, I want to analyze the segmental aspect in this report included vowel and consonant sounds.

  • 1. Vowel sounds The speaker has mistakes when producing some vowel sounds as listed below it is marked by the underlined letter.

No

Word

Wrong vowel sounds that produced

True vowel sounds

1

Computer

/komputer/

/kəm’pju:tə/

2

Smiles

/smail/

/smaɪlz/

3

Met

/mɜt/

/mɛt/

5

Love

/lov/

/lʌv/

6

Person

/Person/

/pɜ:sn/

7

Live

/laɪf/

/lɪv/

8

Blind date

/blind deɪt/

/blaɪnd deɪt/

Diphthongs

No

Word

Wrong dipthongs

True diphtong

produced

sounds

1

Open

/opən/

/əʊpən/

2

Smiles

/smail/

/smaɪlz/

3

Blind date

/blind deɪt/

/blaɪnd deɪt/

2. Consonant sounds The speaker has mistakes when producing some of the consonant sounds as listed below it is marked by the underlined letter.

No

Word

Wrong

True

Manner

and

Place

of

Pronunciation

Pronunciation

Articulation

 
 
  • 1 /komputer/

Computer

 

/kəm’pju:tə/

Voiced palatal

 

approximants

 
  • 2 /komputer/

Computer

 

/kəm’pju:tə/

Voiceless velar plosive

 
 
  • 3 /smail/

Smiles

 

/smaɪlz/

Voiced alveolar fricative

 

Share

  • 4 /seər/

 

/ʃeə/

Voiceless

postalveolar

fricative

 
  • 5 /laɪf/

Live

 

/lɪv/

Voiced

labio-dental

fricative

Then, from the lists above we can see that the speaker has some difficulties and mistakes from producing vowel and consonant sounds. I can analyze why that can happen to the speaker because mostly Indonesian especially Javanese make a sound according to the Indonesian Language. They are not really familiar with English sounds, so they pronounce vowel sounds according to Indonesian vowel sounds not English sound. This cases influenced by mother tongue and the speaker lack of prior knowledge about how to pronounce English sounds correctly. But, sometimes they understand to producing English sounds.

It is same as when Indonesian especially Javanese producing consonant sound.they are not really familiar with /ʃ/ and /θ/ sounds, because those sounds are rarely produced by Indonesian people. Indonesian usually producing sound /r/ clearly, that happens to the speaker when pronouncing some words that there are /r/ sounds in the words.

Indonesian also not really familiar with the voiceless plosive /p/, /t/, and /k/. Indonesian usually pronounce them sounds as a realization of /k/ in keep. It depends on the habit of Indonesian people when pronounce /k/ sounds in word kolam or kita. So,we can find that cases from the recording. That happen to word computer, the speaker should pronounce the /k/ sounds with plosive to pronounce the word correctly.

  • B. Suprasegmental Aspects The suprasegmental aspect that I will discuss in this paper there are three: 1. Intonation

From the recording, I can analyze that the speaker uses Indonesian intonation in pronouncing the English Language, especially the speaker pronouncing with Javanese Accent. We can hear the recording that the speaker pronouncing the English Language with Javanese accent clearly. So, for the English Language, it is heard monotone. Because almost all of the words in the text pronounce by the same intonation.

But, in English Language intonation is the one factors that affect the meaning of the word.

2.

Stress

The are some differences from Indonesia language and English Language. Including the word stress. Indonesia Language is a syllable-timed language. However, English is a stress-timed language. Because of that, Indonesian English sounds syllable-timed rather than stress-timed.

According to Roach (2000), stress placement in English depends on the following information: (1) the morphology of the words (simple or complex words), (2) grammatical category of the words

(noun, verb), (3) the number of syllables, and (4) the phonological structures of the syllables (weak or strong). A wrong placement of

stress on a word may cause ‘foreign accent’ or misunderstanding

between the speaker and the listener.

Incorrect stress patterns in many or certain words. I am not

really sure, but

Indonesians tend to

put

the stress

on

the last

syllable. When Indonesian talks, stress is not contrastive. Words are always stressed on the last syllable. As like in the record by the speaker

3.

Rhythm

Rhythm is the regular occurrence of stressed syllable in a connected speech. It is said that English has a stress-timed rhythm which implies that stressed syllables will tend to occur at relatively regular intervals (Roach, 2000; Chun, 2000; Cruttenden, 1995). Rhythm is most commonly discussed in terms of patterns of stressed vs. unstressed syllables. According to Roach (2000) the stress-timed rhythm theory states that the times from each stressed syllable to next will tend to be the same, irrespective of the number of intervening unstressed syllable.

English and Indonesian have different rhythm patterns. Often Indonesians are not aware of this so they use the rhythm for Indonesian when speaking English. Many do not even realize that their English speech rhythm is affected by the rhythm of their mother tongue, nor do they know that this interference makes their English speech unnatural and sometimes difficult to understand.

Conclusion

From the analysis above that I have analyzed before, we can conclude that Indonesian has difficulties to pronounce the English

Language correctly. That marked by the way they pronounce some English word with the wrong way. It happens to some vowel and consonant sounds. The wrong pronunciation can cause by the mother tongue of Indonesian who can not pronounce some sounds like /ʃ/ and /θ/ sounds correctly, lack of prior knowledge about how to pronounce

some sounds correctly, and lack of experience in pronouncing English sounds.

Indonesian needs more practice and knowledge about how to speak English correctly. They can learn the correct intonation, rhythm, and the word stress from hearing audio from native speaker, join some courses and trying to deepen further the theories of phonology to improved their English. Segmental and suprasegmental aspects are the most important things in pronunciation. Because in English pronunciation mistakes will lead to the meaning of the word be wrong. So, with correct pronunciation, we can make other people understand what we want to say clearly. At least, it is very important to introduce the pronunciation of the English language correctly from the beginning to the English Learners before it becomes a habit because the habit will be difficult to change. So, I hope the English learners can able to master the ways of pronouncing the English Language correctly, fluently,and accurately.

References

Ogden, Richard. (2009). An Introduction to English Phonetics. Edinburgh:

Edinburgh University Press.

McMahon, Apri. (2002). An Introduction to English Phonology. Edinburgh:

Edinburgh University Press.

Roach, P. (2001). English Phonetic and Phonology: A Practical Course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dardjowidjojo, S. (2009). English Phonetics & Phonology for Indonesians. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Alfa, Tru, English Compared to Bahasa Indonesia. (accessed on 30 th May

Putra, Meizi, Indonesians’ Problems in Learning English, posted on 2 nd September 2015. (accessed on 30 th May 2016, retrivied from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/indonesians-problems learning-

english-meizi-m-nur-putra)