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No Penelitian Penulis tahun Subjek

1. Hubungan Usia Ibu Sri Untari 2016 Dapat disimpulkan bahwa

Saat Bersalin Dengan Sofiana Alfitri terdapat hubungan antara usia
Kejadian Preeklamsi ibu saat bersalin dengan
Di Akademi Kebidanan kejadian preeklamsi
Rumah Sakit Permata An-Nur Purwodadi
Bunda Purwodadi
2. Hubungan Sindroma Charina Situmorang 2011 Penelitian ini menyimpulkan
Down dengan Umur Ibu, Fakultas Kedokteran, terdapat
Pendidikan Ibu, Universitas Sebelas hubungan yang kuat dan secara
Pendapatan Keluarga, Maret statistik signifikan
dan Faktor Lingkungan antara usia ibu dan risiko untuk
melahirkan anak
dengan sindroma Down,

This study was analytic-

observational using case control
approach. It was conducted at a
special school for children with
disability in Surakarta. A sample
of 20 mothers of children with
Syndrome and 40 mothers of
normal children, was selected by
fixed-disease sampling. The
between maternal age and the
risk of Down syndrome while
controlling for maternal
family income, and
environmental factor, was
analyzed using multiple logistic
logistic regression.
Odds ratio was used to measure
the association of variables

3. Perawatan Payudara Syull K Adam, Martha 2016 Ada hubungan perawatan

Pada Masa Kehamilan D. Korompis, Getruida payudara pada masa kehamilan
Dan Pemberian Asi B H Alow dengan keberhasilan pemberian
Eksklusif Alamat e-mail: ASI Eksklusif
om Berdasarkan tabel diatas,
menunjukkan bahwa responden
Jurusan Kebidanan yang melakukan perawatan
Poltekkes Kemenkes payudara dan memberikan ASI
Manado Eksklusif sebanyak 30 orang
(38%), yang melakukan
perawatan payudara dan tidak
memberikan ASI Eksklusif
sebanyak 14 orang (18%), yang
tidak melakukan perawatan
payudara dan memberikan ASI
Eksklusif sebanyak 11 orang
(14%), sedangkan yang tidak
melakukan perawatan payudara
dan tidak memberikan ASI
Eksklusif sebanyak 24 orang
4. Pengaruh Konseling Nindya Kurniawati, 2014 hubungan yang signifikan antara
Perawatan Payudara Yulia Cempaka Sari pengetahuan dengan
Terhadap Pelaksanaan pelaksanaan perawatan payudara
Perawatan Payudara pada ibu nifas
Pada Ibu Nifas
Hasil Penelitian dari 30
responden, hasil t hitung 5,651 >
t tabel 2,048, menunjukan
bahwa terdapat pengaruh
pemberian konseling perawatan
payudara terhadap pelaksanaan
perawatan payudara pada ibu
5 Counselling about
healthy eating and
keeping physically
during pregnancy is
recommended for
pregnant women to stay
and to prevent excessive
weight gain during
Daily oral iron and folic This recommendation (2012
acid supplementation supersedes the ).
with 30 mg to 60 mg previous
of elemental ironb and recommendation found
400 g (0.4 mg) of folic in the WHO
acidc is recommended publication Guideline:
for pregnant women to daily iron and folic
prevent maternal acid
anaemia, puerperal supplementation in
sepsis, low pregnant women
birth weight, and
preterm birth. Oxford Handboook of tahun
midwifery 3rd edition 2017
This recommendation Page
supersedes the 2012
WHO Guideline: daily
iron and folic acid WHO
supplementation in recommendations on
pregnant women (36) antenatal care
and should be considered for a positive
alongside pregnancy experience
Recommendation A.2.2
on intermittent iron.
• In settings where
anaemia in pregnant
women is a severe public
health problem (i.e.
where at least 40%
of pregnant women have
a blood haemoglobin WHO; de Benoist B,
[Hb] concentration < 110 McLean E, Egli I,
g/L), a daily dose of 60 Cogswell
mg of M, editors. Worldwide
elemental iron is prevalence of anaemia
preferred over a lower 1993–2005. WHO
dose. global database on
anaemia. Geneva:
If a woman is diagnosed World Health
with anaemia during Organization
pregnancy, her daily (WHO); 2008
elemental iron should be (
increased /
to 120 mg until her Hb bitstream/10665/43894
concentration rises to /1/9789241596657_
normal (Hb 110 g/L or eng.pdf, accessed 26
higher) (34, 51). September 2016
Thereafter, she can
resume the standard
daily antenatal iron dose Iron and folate
to prevent recurrence of supplementation:
anaemia integrated
management of
pregnancy and
(IMPAC). Standards
for maternal and
care 1.8. Geneva:
Department of Making
Pregnancy Safer,
World Health
tation.pdf, accessed
29 September 2016).
Tetanus vaccination and WHO 2016 Tetanus toxoid vaccination is
clean delivery practices recommendations on recommended for all pregnant
are major components of antenatal care women,
the strategy to eradicate for a positive depending on previous tetanus
maternal and neonatal pregnancy experience vaccination exposure, to
tetanus globally prevent neonatal mortality
Thwaites CL, Loan from
For effective HT. Eradication of tetanus. (Recommended)
implementation, ANC tetanus. Br
health-care providers Med Bull.
need to be trained in 2015;116(1):69–77.
tetanus vaccination and doi:10.1093/bmb/
the vaccine, equipment ldv044.
and supplies
(refrigerator, needles and
syringes) need to be
readily available at ANC

ANC contacts should be

used to verify the
vaccination status of
pregnant women, and
any vaccines that are
recommended in the
national immunization
schedule. ANC contacts
are also
opportunities to explain
the importance of infant
vaccination and
communicate the
vaccination schedule to
pregnant women.

Effective communication . Evidence on the impact of

between maternity care effective communication
providers and women in on birth outcomes was sought
labour, using simple and from a mixedmethods
culturally acceptable systematic review (43).
methods, is 24 Shakibazadeh E,
recommended. Namadian M, Bohren
MA, Vogel
JP, Rashidian A,
Pileggi VN, et al.
The findings of a review care during childbirth
of qualitative studies in health facilities
looking globally:
at what matters to a qualitative evidence
women during synthesis. BJOG. 2017.
intrapartum care doi:10.1111/1471-
(23) indicate that most 0528.15015.
women, especially those
giving birth for the first
time, are apprehensive 28 Shakibazadeh E,
about Namadian M, Bohren
labour and childbirth, MA, Vogel
adverse birth outcomes JP, Rashidian A,
and Pileggi VN, et al.
certain medical Respectful
interventions, and they care during childbirth
value the in health facilities
support and reassurance globally:
of health care a qualitative evidence
professionals synthesis. BJOG. 2017.
who are sensitive to their doi:10.1111/1471-
needs (high confidence 0528.15015.
in the evidence). Where
interventions are
most women would like
to receive relevant
information from
technically competent
health care
providers in a manner
they can understand
confidence in the
Findings of another
qualitative evidence
synthesis (28) that
focused on
RMC indicate that
women consistently
and value effective
communication as one of
key components of RMC
(high confidence in the
A companion of choice is
Companionship during recommended for all women
labour and childbirth throughout labour and childbirth
The companion in this
context can be any
person chosen by the
woman to provide her
continuous support
during labour and
childbirth. This may be
someone from the
woman’s family or
social network, such as
her spouse/partner, a
female friend or relative,
a community member
(such as
a female community
leader, health worker or
traditional birth
attendant) or a doula (i.e.
a woman who
has been trained in
labour support but is not
part of the health care
facility’s professional
Findings from a review †Bohren MA, Munthe-
of qualitative studies Kaas H, Berger BO,
exploring perceptions Allanson
and experiences of EE, Tunçalp Ö.
labour Perceptions and
companionship indicate experiences of
that women from both labour companionship: a
HIC qualitative evidence
and LMIC settings value synthesis (Protocol).
the non-pharmacological Cochrane Database Syst
pain relief measures that Rev.
companions help to 2016;(12):CD012449
facilitate, including a
soothing touch (holding
hands, massage and
counter pressure),
and relaxation
techniques. Companions
also help
women to adopt
alternative positions to
ease pain,
such as squatting, sitting
on a ball and walking.
Some women also find
comfort in spiritual
when their companions
read holy texts or pray
confidence in the
evidence) (27).

This review also found

that women from both Desi Eka Wijaya1 , Hasil penelitian terdapat pengaruh
Rillyani2 , Riska pendampingan suami terhadap
HIC Wandini3 , Aryanti lamanya persalinan kala II
and LMIC settings value Wardiyah
feeling in control during 2015
labour and are confident
in their ability to give
The findings indicate
that companions help
to feel self-confident,
and improve their self-
when they acknowledge
and reinforce the
efforts, provide
encouragement and
directions for
how to maintain control,
and ensure that women
aware of their choices
(moderate confidence in

Pengaruh Pendampingan
Suami Terhadap
Lamanya Persalinan
Kala Ii Di Ruang Delima
Rsud Dr.H.Abdul
Moeloek Lampung
PENGARUH FARIHAH INDRIANI 2014 Hasil penelitian adalah 1) Pengaruh
PENDAMPING Tesis tingkat rasa nyeri kala I fase aktif
PERSALINAN DAN UNIVERSITAS pada ibu bersalin sebelum ada
PARITAS TERHADAP SEBELAS MARET pendamping persalinan dan setelah
PENGURANGAN RASA SURAKARTA ada pendampingan persalinan dapat
NYERI KALA I FASE disimpulkan bahwa ibu dengan
AKTIF PADA IBU pendamping persalinan mengalami
BERSALIN NORMAL nyeri yang lebih ringan
dibandingkan ibu tidak dengan
pendamping persalinan. 2)
Pengaruh paritas terhadap
pengurangan rasa nyeri kala I fase
aktif pada ibu bersalin normal dapat
disimpulkan bahwa ibu
multigravida ternyata mengalami
nyeri yang lebih ringan
dibandingkan ibu primigravida
RECOMMENDATIO Thomson G, Feeley C, 2018 review of qualitative studies
N 18 Hall Moran V, Downe S, ished). related
Manual techniques for Oladapo OT. Women’s to labour pain coping techniques
pain management experiences of (126), women
RECOMMENDATIO pharmacological valued massage techniques as a
Manual techniques, such and non- form of pain relief
as massage or pharmacological pain when these techniques enabled
application of warm relief them to relax and
packs, are recommended methods for childbirth: a feel calm, and to retain control
for healthy review and qualitative over childbirth
pregnant women comparative analysis. (low confidence in the
requesting pain relief evidence). Benefits to
during labour, depending 2018 CARI JURNAL women’s overall well-being,
on a woman’s LAGI TENTANG such as feeling safe,
preferences. MASSASE PADAS reassured and less anxious, were
(Recommended) PERSALINAN also reported
(low confidence in the
evidence). However, while
Teknik tradisional some women found that
seperti masase atau massage enabled them to
pengaplikasian effectively work with labour
pain (low confidence in
Non-pharmacological the evidence), others found it to
pain relief options can be ineffective (very
vary widely across low confidence in the evidence).
settings and contexts,
which might
favour other techniques
not considered in this
guideline, such as water
acupuncture, and cultural
and traditional practices
that women might find
Health care professionals
should communicate to
women the options
available for pain relief
in their
birth facility, and discuss
the advantages and
disadvantages of these
options as part of
antenatal care.
Care providers should
inform women that while
manual techniques for
managing pain are
unlikely to
be harmful, evidence of
the beneficial effects is
of very low certainty
Pengaruh Teknik Massage Kiki IzzahTazkiyah & 2014 Hasil uji t-test diperoleh bahwa ada
Terhadap Pengurangan Yanti Akademi pengaruh yang signifikan yaitu
Nyeri Persalinan Kala I Kebidanan Estu Utomo adanya pegurangan rasa nyeri kala I
Fase Aktif Boyolali fase aktif sebelum dilakukan dan
sesudah dilakukan dengan nilai (t
hitung = 2,931 ≥ t tabel = 2,042)
dan (p-value = 0,006
Pengaruh Masase Esti Handayani & 2012 bahwa ada pengaruh masase
Punggung Terhadap Pramono Giri Kiswoyo punggung terhadap pengurangan
Pengurangan Nyeri Politeknik Kesehatan nyeri kala I fase aktif persalinan
Persalinan Kala I Fase Kemenkes Semarang pada ibu bersalin normal diterima.
Aktif Pada Ibu Bersalin
Normal Di Bpm Wilayah
Kerja Puskesmas Tegalrejo
Kabupaten Magelang
Pengaruh Teknik Relaksasi Dari hasil penelitian tersebut, dapat
Nafas Dalam Terhadap disimpulkan terdapat perbedaan
Respon Adaptasi Nyeri antara tingkat nyeri dan respon
Pada Pasien Inpartu Kala I adaptasi nyeri pada pasien inpartu
Fase Laten Di Rskdia Siti kala I fase laten sebelum dan
Fatimah Makassar Tahun setelah diberikan teknik relaksasi
2013 Rini Fitriani* nafas dalam
*Jurusan Kebidanan,
Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan,
Universitas Islam Negeri
Alauddin Makass
JURNAL TENTANG Ozlem The trial showed that women
POSISI PERSALINAN Moraloglu,Hatice who adopted the squatting
Kansu-Celik,Yasemin position using bars experienced
Tasci,Burcu Kısa a significant reduction in the
Karakaya,Yasar duration of the second stage of
Yilmaz,Ebru labor; they were less likely to be
The influence of Cakir & show all induced, and their Visual
different maternal Pages 245-249 | Analog Scale score was lower
pushing positions on than those who were allocated
birth outcomes at the Received 12 Feb 2016, the supine position modified to
second stage of labor in Accepted 20 Mar 45 degree of semi-fowler during
nulliparous women second stage of labor (p < 0.05
2016, Accepted author
version posted online:
30 Mar 2016,
) Published online: 19
Apr 2016

Delayed umbilical cord

N 44
Delayed umbilical cord
clamping (not earlier
than 1 minute after birth)
is recommended for
maternal and infant
health and nutrition
This recommendation
has been integrated from
the WHO Guideline:
delayed cord clamping
for improved
maternal and infant
health and nutrition
outcomes (192), in
which the GDG for that
guideline determined
it to be a strong
recommendation based
on moderate-quality

The evidence supporting

this recommendation can
be found in the source
guideline document,
available at:

Oral fluid and food

For women at low risk, oral
fluid and food intake during
labour is recommended.
This recommendation has
been integrated from the
WHO recommendations for
augmentation of labour
(46), in which the GDG for
that guideline determined it to
be a conditional
recommendation based on
very low-quality evidence.
Given that restriction of oral
fluid and food intake has no
beneficial effects on
important clinical
outcomes, including the use
of labour augmentation, the
GDG puts its emphasis on
respect for the
wishes of the woman and
therefore made a positive
The GDG noted that no cases
of Mendelson’s Syndrome
(inhalation of food and drink
from the
stomach into the lungs during
general anaesthesia – the most
important safety concern
limiting oral
intake during labour – were
reported in over 3000 women
participating in the trials
included in the
systematic review.
The evidence supporting this
recommendation can be found
in the source guideline
available at:

Any restriction of food and WHO recommendations for

drink versus some food and augmentation of labour
fluid: maternal outcomes 2014
• Three trials (476 women)
reported the mean duration
of labour associated with
restriction of oral intake
than ice chips). There was
no significant difference
between the comparison
groups (RR –0.29 hrs, 95%
CI –1.55
to 0.97) and the findings
were inconsistent among the
• All 5 trials (3103 women)
reported rates of caesarean
section. Again, there were
inconsistencies between
trials in
the size and direction of
effect, and overall there was
no significant evidence to
indicate that restricting food
drink had an effect on the
number of women
undergoing caesarean
section (RR 0.89, 95% CI
0.63 to 1.25).
Restricting Oral Fluid and Results: Nutrition-related
Food Intake during "experience" theme emerged from
Labour: A Qualitative the findings in relation to the latent
Analysis of Women’s phase of dilatation stage. “Hunger,
Views thirst, exhaustion and xerostomia”
were the themes that emerged
regarding nutrition in the active
phase of dilatation stage. The
Semiha Aydin Ozkan, PhD theme “hot meals” was also
Assistant professor brought up regarding diet in the
Adiyaman University early postpartum period (1 to 4
School of Health Altinsehir hours). Conclusion: In conclusion,
District, Adiyaman, Turkey it was found that the participants
Merve Kadioglu, MSc indicated feelings of hunger, thirst
Research Assistant Istanbul and fatigue due to oral fluid and
University, Florence food intake restriction during
Nightingale Nursing labour, which affected the natural
Faculty, Department of course of labour.
Women’s Health and
Diseases Nursing Abide-i
Hurriyet Street Istanbul
University Florence
Nightingale Nursing
Faculty, Sisli, Istanbul,
Turkey Gulay Rathfisch,
PhD Associate professor
Istanbul University,
Florence Nightingale
Nursing Faculty,
Department of Women’s
Health and Diseases
Nursing Abide-i Hurriyet
Street Istanbul University
Florence Nightingale
Nursing Faculty, Sisli,
Istanbul, Turkey
Correspondence: Semiha
Aydin Ozkan, Assistant
professor Adiyaman
University School of
Health Altinsehir District,
3005 Street, No:13, 02040
Adiyaman, Turkey E-mail:

Care of the newborn at:

3.5.1 Routine nasal or
oral suction bitstream/10665/75157
RECOMMENDATIO /1/9789241503693_en
N 47 g.pdf
In neonates born through
clear amniotic fluid who
start breathing on their
own after birth,
of the mouth and nose
should not be performed.
(Not recommended
Guidelines on basic
newborn resuscitation
Skin-to-skin contact The evidence
RECOMMENDATIO supporting this
N 48 recommendation can
Newborns without be found in the source
complications should be guideline document,
kept in skin-to-skin available at:
contact (SSC) with their
mothers bitstream/10665/44774
during the first hour after /1/9789241502825_en
birth to prevent g.pdf
hypothermia and
promote breastfeeding.

Pengaruh Inisiasi Menyusu Terdapat pengaruh inisiasi

Dini (IMD) terhadap Suhu menyusu dini terhadap suhu aksila
dan Kehilangan Panas pada bayi setelah satu jam
pada Bayi Baru Lahir kelahiran. Kehilangan panas kering
Hotma Sauhur Hutagaol1 , lebih rendah pada kelompok IMD
Eryati Darwin2 , Eny Yantri dibandingkan dengan kelompok
Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. non IMD tetapi tidak bermakna
2014; secara statistic
PENGARUH INISIASI Dari penelitian ini dapat
MENYUSU DINI TERHADAP disimpulkan bahwa terdapat
KEBERHASILAN pengaruh yang signifikan antara
Stella Tinia Hasiana1 , July keberhasilan pemberian ASI
Ivone2 , Wynona Monica eksklusif dan ibu yang menyusui
Ellsa Wiharja 3 1Bagian dini cenderung mengalami
Faal, Fakultas Kedokteran, keberhasilan ASI eksklusif 14,875
Universitas Kristen kali dibandingkan ibu yang tidak
Maranatha, 2Bagian Ilmu menyusui dini
Kesehatan Masyarakat,
Fakultas Kedokteran,
Universitas Kristen
Haemorrhagic disease The evidence
prophylaxis using supporting this
vitamin K recommendation can
RECOMMENDATIO be found in the source
N 50 guideline document,
All newborns should be available at:
given 1 mg of vitamin K
intramuscularly after bitstream/10665/44774
birth (i.e. after the first /1/9789241502825_en
hour g.pdf
by which the infant
should be in skin-to-skin
contact with the mother
and breastfeeding should

Leg cramps D.3: Magnesium, calcium or non-pharmacological treatment options can

be used for the relief of leg cramps in pregnancy, based on a woman’s
preferences and available options.

Low back and

pelvic pain
D.4: Regular exercise throughout pregnancy is recommended to prevent
low back and pelvic pain. There are a number of different treatment
options that can be used, such as physiotherapy, support belts and
acupuncture, based on a woman’s preferences and available options.
D.5: Wheat bran or other fibre supplements can be used to relieve
constipation in pregnancy if the condition fails to respond to dietary
modification, based on a woman’s preferences and available options.

Main resource requirements for effective communication

Resource Description
Staff Adequate numbers of skilled birth attendants with an appropriate skill mix, working in
multidisciplinary teams, and trained facilitators
Core education curricula at pre- and in-service levels, which include training on
communication that reflects women’s social, cultural and linguistic needs, where relevant
to labour and childbirth
Development or adaptation of training strategies to promote, sustain and assess the
communication skills of maternity care staff during provision of labour and childbirth care
Regular in-service training on communication during labour and childbirth
Health education materials or tools to clearly communicate progress of labour (e.g. cervical
dilatation 0–10 cm pictorial chart) to women and their companions of choice during labour
and childbirth
No special equipment required
Some decision-support tools could be helpful (e.g. electronic screen-based tools)
Variable, depending on type and content of training
Infrastructure Training facilities to support development of skills and competencies in effective
and monitoring
Support for all clinical staff who provide care for women in labour to attend communication
Regular supportive supervision and review by labour/facility lead with positive clinician
Regular multidisciplinary meetings to discuss and review communication approaches for
women during labour and childbirth

Main resource requirements for labour companionship

Resource Description
Staff salaries To provide orientation for labour companions and support or manage the
Training of the
Orientation session on supportive labour companionship techniques (e.g. two 2-hour
sessions for a family member or friend (50), or a 1- or 2-day course (49) or longer for
trained volunteers/doulas)
Refresher courses
Other training costs, including transportation costs for participants and venue hire
Information, education and communication materials on supportive techniques
Measures to support privacy and confidentiality, including dividers/curtains
Basic accommodation facilities for companions, including a chair, space to change
clothes, access to a toilet
Private physical space for the woman and her companion at the time of birth
Time Companion time for training and provision of labour support (e.g. 8- to 12-hour shifts
(49), either paid or unpaid)
Supervision and
Establishment of a system of registering, integrating, coordinating and supporting
volunteer and paid companions (those who are not family members or friends) within the
health system

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