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Situated Learning

Jean Lave & Etienne Wenger

“Situated learning essentially is a


matter of creating meaning from the
real activities of daily living . . . “

(Stein, 1998, para. 2)

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Situated Learning

➔ Jean Lave and Etienne


Wenger
➔ 1980 - 1990
➔ based on
constructivism
➔ built on theories of
Dewey, Vygotsky, Kolb
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SITUATED LEARNING

LPP CoP

Legitimate
Community of
Peripheral
Practice
Participation

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CoP

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Legitimate peripheral participation

Embedded within:

➔ activity
➔ context
➔ culture

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Situated Learning

Community of
Practice

Community of
Practice

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When does the learning take place?

SITUATED LEARNING TRADITIONAL


LEARNING
➔ real life contexts from abstract, out of
➔ relationships between people context experiences
➔ prior knowledge + authentic such as lectures and
contextual learning books
➔ learning is doing
➔ should encourage students to
challenge others in their community

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EXAMPLES
When does the
learning ???
take place? ➔ Field trips
examples ➔ Cooperative education and
When does the internship experiences
➔ Music and sports practice
learning take
e.g., orchestras, studios,
place
training facilities
➔ Laboratories and child-care
??? centers used as
classrooms
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Member of a team for learners:

What is the role of teacher


guide mentor
assistant coach
helper
facilitator
assessor

the teacher?
Responsibilities:
➔ empower the students to continue
independently
the only expert in the ➔ constant assess the interaction between
classroom students
teacher ➔ guide students to pay attention to
important attributes of the environment.
knowledge depositor ➔ promote learning by modelling their
strategies in authentic activity
➔ support student's attempts at doing the
task

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➔ changes from being a beginner to
an “expert”

??? ➔ collaboration and social


interaction

What is the role of ➔ use of critical thinking


➔ legitimate participation in the

the student ongoing life of a classroom


➔ emphasis not on the active and

??? independent learner


➔ reflection
➔ active participation

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➔ early in elementary school

How is the school ➔ informal education

organized? ➔ group seating


➔ use of technology (the web as a
teaching tool for the new
generation of students (digital
natives))
➔ dynamic, continuous
ever-emergent assessment of the
learning process. is an integral,
ongoing aspect of the teaching and
learning process.
➔ students’ portfolio
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References
➔ https://www.learning-theories.com/communi
ties-of-practice-lave-and-wenger.html
➔ https://www.niu.edu/facdev/_pdf/guide/strat
egies/situated_learning.pdf
➔ http://methodenpool.uni-koeln.de/sonstige/
What%20Service-learning%20Can%20Learn
%20from%20Situated%20Learning.htm
➔ http://slideplayer.com/slide/2428849/
➔ http://www.personal.psu.edu/wxh139/Situated
.htm
➔ Google Pictures: situated learning

Movie to sum up:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmXCsuAo5EA
Natalia Nesteruk